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Study sets matching "honors chemistry chapter 5"

22 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 5
Periodic table
Periodic law
group
family
Arrangement of the elements in order of their atomic numbers…
Natural law that states that the physical and chemical proper…
Vertical column of the periodic table that contains elements…
Vertical column of the periodic table that contains elements…
Periodic table
Arrangement of the elements in order of their atomic numbers…
Periodic law
Natural law that states that the physical and chemical proper…
48 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 5
Law of Constant Composition
Chemical Formula
Empirical Formula
Molecular Formula
States that elements combine in fixed proportions to form com…
A form of writing a compound which indicates the elements pre…
The simplest whole-number ratio of atoms of each element in a…
The actual number of atoms of each element in a molecule of t…
Law of Constant Composition
States that elements combine in fixed proportions to form com…
Chemical Formula
A form of writing a compound which indicates the elements pre…
68 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 5
Max Planck
Albert Einstein
Photons
Neils Bohr
1900: Studying radiation... -Explained every form of energy has…
1905: Described the photoelectric effect... -Said light is emitt…
A quantum of light; a discrete bundle of electromagnetic ener…
1913: Studied the emission spectra and found that each elemen…
Max Planck
1900: Studying radiation... -Explained every form of energy has…
Albert Einstein
1905: Described the photoelectric effect... -Said light is emitt…
18 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 5
Amplitude
Atomic emission spectrum
atomic orbital
aufbau principle
the height of a wave's crest
a set of frequencies of electromagnetic waves given off by at…
A three-dimensional region around the nucleus of an atom that…
electrons enter orbitals of lowest energy first
Amplitude
the height of a wave's crest
Atomic emission spectrum
a set of frequencies of electromagnetic waves given off by at…
61 terms
Chemistry Honors Chapter 5
What did Cannizzarro contribute to the…
What did Mendelev contribute to the pe…
What did Moseley contribute to the per…
What is the periodic law?
Arranged chemicals by increasing atomic mass noticing periods…
Placed all chemicals into periodic table but left some open
Arranged chemicals by atomic number opposed to atomic mass cr…
idea that physical and chemiclas properties of chemicals are…
What did Cannizzarro contribute to the…
Arranged chemicals by increasing atomic mass noticing periods…
What did Mendelev contribute to the pe…
Placed all chemicals into periodic table but left some open
77 terms
Honors chemistry chapter 5
Whose lab did bohr work in
Bohr states that hydrogen has only cer…
a form of energy that exhibits wave li…
the shortest distance between equivale…
Rutherfords
Ground state
electromagnetic radiation
wavelength
Whose lab did bohr work in
Rutherfords
Bohr states that hydrogen has only cer…
Ground state
30 terms
Chemistry Honors Chapter 5
chemical properties
Dalton's model
JJ Thomson's Model
Hantaro Nagaoka
Rutherford's atomic model could not explain __________
atoms as tiny indestructible particles with no internal struc…
plum-pudding model: electrons embedded in a sphere of positiv…
Atom has a central nucleus and electrons move in orbits like…
chemical properties
Rutherford's atomic model could not explain __________
Dalton's model
atoms as tiny indestructible particles with no internal struc…
39 terms
Honors Chemistry- Chapter 5 Terms
qualitative
quantitative
scientific notation
units
observation using physical properties (color, shape)
observation using measurements of magnitude or amount (weight…
a convenient method for representing a very large or very sma…
part of measurement telling us the scale being used
qualitative
observation using physical properties (color, shape)
quantitative
observation using measurements of magnitude or amount (weight…
49 terms
Chapter 5 Honors Chemistry
periodic law
periodic table
lanthinide
actinide
the law that states that the repeating chemical and physical…
an arrangement of the elements in order o heir atomic numbers…
a member of the rare-earth series of elelments whose atomic n…
any of the elements of the actinides series, which have atomi…
periodic law
the law that states that the repeating chemical and physical…
periodic table
an arrangement of the elements in order o heir atomic numbers…
77 terms
Honors chemistry chapter 5
Whose lab did bohr work in
Bohr states that hydrogen has only cer…
a form of energy that exhibits wave li…
the shortest distance between equivale…
Rutherfords
Ground state
electromagnetic radiation
wavelength
Whose lab did bohr work in
Rutherfords
Bohr states that hydrogen has only cer…
Ground state
56 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 5
Energy levels
Quantum energy
Quantum mechanical model
Atomic orbitals
fixed energies an electron can have
amount of energy required to move electrons from one energy l…
determines allowed energies an electron can have and how like…
describes probability of finding a certain electron in multip…
Energy levels
fixed energies an electron can have
Quantum energy
amount of energy required to move electrons from one energy l…
61 terms
Chemistry Honors Chapter 5
What did Cannizzarro contribute to the…
What did Mendelev contribute to the pe…
What did Moseley contribute to the per…
What is the periodic law?
Arranged chemicals by increasing atomic mass noticing periods…
Placed all chemicals into periodic table but left some open
Arranged chemicals by atomic number opposed to atomic mass cr…
idea that physical and chemiclas properties of chemicals are…
What did Cannizzarro contribute to the…
Arranged chemicals by increasing atomic mass noticing periods…
What did Mendelev contribute to the pe…
Placed all chemicals into periodic table but left some open
40 terms
Notre Dame Honors Chemistry - Chapter 5
Periodicity
Dmitri Mendeleev
Henry Mosely
Atomic Number
the repeating patterns of the Periodic Table
"Father of the Periodic Table" - he arranged the first period…
His work led to the first definition of the Atomic Number and…
Number of protons in the nucleus of an element
Periodicity
the repeating patterns of the Periodic Table
Dmitri Mendeleev
"Father of the Periodic Table" - he arranged the first period…
32 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 5
Dmitri Mendeleev
Periodic Law
The Periodic Table
The s-Block Elements
Russian chemist who noticed that when the elements were arran…
The physical and chemical properties of the elements are peri…
An arrangement of the elements in order of their atomic numbe…
Groups 1 and 2
Dmitri Mendeleev
Russian chemist who noticed that when the elements were arran…
Periodic Law
The physical and chemical properties of the elements are peri…
49 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 5 Quest
Aufbau Principle
Pauli Exclusion Principle
Hund's Rule
orbital diagram
electrons enter orbitals of lowest energy first
an atomic orbital may describe at most 2 electrons must have…
when electrons occupy orbitals of equal energy, one electron…
Aufbau Principle
electrons enter orbitals of lowest energy first
Pauli Exclusion Principle
an atomic orbital may describe at most 2 electrons must have…
22 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 5
periodic law
dimitri mendeleev
period
group
elements are arranged according to physical and chemical prop…
russian man, is the grandfather of the periodic table and pre…
horizontal rows, tells you the number of energy levels
vertical columns, tells you the number of valence electrons…
periodic law
elements are arranged according to physical and chemical prop…
dimitri mendeleev
russian man, is the grandfather of the periodic table and pre…
20 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 5
energy levels
quantum
quantum mechanical model
atomic orbital
fixed energies an electron can have
amount of energy required to move an electron from one energy…
the modern description of the behavior of electrons in atoms
describes probability of finding an electron at various locat…
energy levels
fixed energies an electron can have
quantum
amount of energy required to move an electron from one energy…
28 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 5
Rutherford's Model Problems
Neil Bohr
The Bohr Model
The Quantum Mechanical Model
-too simple... -couldn't explain certain chemical properties
-1913... -danish physicist... -proposed the Bohr Model
-there is fixed energy levels with electrons on them... -energy…
-Schrödinger... -restricts energy of electrons to certain levels…
Rutherford's Model Problems
-too simple... -couldn't explain certain chemical properties
Neil Bohr
-1913... -danish physicist... -proposed the Bohr Model
18 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 5 Vocabulary
atomic orbital
photon
pauli exclusion principle
hund's rule
a mathematical expression describing the probability of findi…
a quantam of light, a discrete bundle of electromagnetic ener…
an atomic orbital may describe at most two electrons, each wi…
electrons occupy orbitals of the same energy in a way that ma…
atomic orbital
a mathematical expression describing the probability of findi…
photon
a quantam of light, a discrete bundle of electromagnetic ener…
65 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 5
Electromagnetic Radiation
EM Spectrum
Increase in frequency =
Wavelength
form of wave like energy that travels through empty space... (vi…
Includes all forms of EM radiation... (visible spectrum = ROYGBIV)
Increase in energy
The distance between successive crests of a wave
Electromagnetic Radiation
form of wave like energy that travels through empty space... (vi…
EM Spectrum
Includes all forms of EM radiation... (visible spectrum = ROYGBIV)
8 terms
Honors Chemistry chapter 5
Energy Level
quantum
atomic orbital
electron configuration
energy an electron in an atom or other system can have.
the amount of energy needed to move and electron from on ener…
a mathematical expressions describing the probability of find…
the arrangement of electrons of an atom in its ground state i…
Energy Level
energy an electron in an atom or other system can have.
quantum
the amount of energy needed to move and electron from on ener…
23 terms
Chemistry Honors Chapter 5
periodic law
group
period
alkali metals
the properties of elements recur in a repeating pattern when…
a vertical column of elements in the periodic table
a horizontal row of elements in the periodic table
the Group IA/1 elements, including hydrogen
periodic law
the properties of elements recur in a repeating pattern when…
group
a vertical column of elements in the periodic table
23 terms
Chemistry Honors Chapter 5
periodic law
group
period
alkali metals
the properties of elements recur in a repeating pattern when…
a vertical column of elements in the periodic table
a horizontal row of elements in the periodic table
the Group IA/1 elements, including hydrogen
periodic law
the properties of elements recur in a repeating pattern when…
group
a vertical column of elements in the periodic table
24 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 5
electromagnetic radiation
wavelength
frequency
quantum
radiation consisting of electromagnetic waves
shortest distance between equivalent points on a continuous w…
number of waves that pass a given point per second (unit = he…
minimum amount of energy that can be gained or lost by an atom
electromagnetic radiation
radiation consisting of electromagnetic waves
wavelength
shortest distance between equivalent points on a continuous w…
70 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 5
Stanislaw Cannizzaro
Dmitri Mendeleev
Periodic
Periodic law
-Italian chemist... -showed a method for accurately measuring th…
-Russian chemist... -included the new atomic masses (he heard in…
The repeating pattern of properties of elements
The physical and chemical properties of the elements are peri…
Stanislaw Cannizzaro
-Italian chemist... -showed a method for accurately measuring th…
Dmitri Mendeleev
-Russian chemist... -included the new atomic masses (he heard in…
10 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 5
Rule of Zero Charge
Type I Binary Ionic Compounds
Type II Binary Ionic Compounds
Type III Binary Compounds
the positive charges on the metal cations and the negative ch…
the metal present forms only one type of cation; cation is al…
the metal present can form two or more cations that have diff…
contains only nonmetals; the first elements full name is used…
Rule of Zero Charge
the positive charges on the metal cations and the negative ch…
Type I Binary Ionic Compounds
the metal present forms only one type of cation; cation is al…
90 terms
Honors Chemistry: Chapter 5
60
atomic masses
Stanislao Cannizzaro
Dmitri Mendeleev
How many elements had been discovered by 1860?
By 1860, different chemists used different ____________ for t…
At the First International Congress of Chemists, Italian chem…
Whose period table grouped elements by their properties?
60
How many elements had been discovered by 1860?
atomic masses
By 1860, different chemists used different ____________ for t…
57 terms
Honors Chemistry - Chapter 5
Atomic orbital
Aufbau principle
Electron configuration
Ground state
Often thought of as a region of space in which there is a hig…
Electrons occupy the orbitals of lowest energy first.
The ways in which electrons are arranged in various orbitals…
The state of the atom when the electron has its lowest possib…
Atomic orbital
Often thought of as a region of space in which there is a hig…
Aufbau principle
Electrons occupy the orbitals of lowest energy first.
78 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 5
nuclear atom
The concept of a nuclear atom resulted…
Rutherford showed...
What question did Rutherford leave una…
charged electrons moving around the nucleus
Ernest Rutherford's
atomic nucleus is composed of protons and neutrons and the nu…
Where are the electrons placed
nuclear atom
charged electrons moving around the nucleus
The concept of a nuclear atom resulted…
Ernest Rutherford's
41 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 5
Mendeleev
when the elements were arranged in ord…
Mendeleev
created a table in which elements with…
Who notices that when the elements were arranged in order of…
What does Mendeleev notice?
Who created a table in which elements with similar properties…
What did Mendeleev create?
Mendeleev
Who notices that when the elements were arranged in order of…
when the elements were arranged in ord…
What does Mendeleev notice?
24 terms
Chapter 5 Honors Chemistry
Empeducles
Democritus
Model
Dalton's Model for The Atom
-endorsed by Aristotle therefore his beliefs lasted until the…
-views were not widely accepted... -believed that all matter was…
a theory, NOT a law
1. elements are composed of small indivisible particles calle…
Empeducles
-endorsed by Aristotle therefore his beliefs lasted until the…
Democritus
-views were not widely accepted... -believed that all matter was…
20 terms
Chemistry Honors Chapter 5
Electromagnetic radiation
How can waves be characterized?
Wavelength
Amplitude
Energy that behaved like a wave when it travels through space
By their wavelength, amplitude, frequency, and speed
The shortest distance between equivalent points on a continuo…
The height of a wave from the origin to a crest or from the o…
Electromagnetic radiation
Energy that behaved like a wave when it travels through space
How can waves be characterized?
By their wavelength, amplitude, frequency, and speed
27 terms
Honors Chemistry: Chapter 5
Mass unit
Length unit
Time unit
Temperature unit
Kilogram/gram
Meter/centimeter
Second
Degrees Kelvin
Mass unit
Kilogram/gram
Length unit
Meter/centimeter
18 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 5
periodic law
periodic table
lanthanide
actinide
Repeating chemical and physical properties of elements change…
an arrangement of elements in order of their atomic numbers s…
rare-earth series of elements ranging from 58 to 71
elements 89 to 103 and are radioactive
periodic law
Repeating chemical and physical properties of elements change…
periodic table
an arrangement of elements in order of their atomic numbers s…
Honors Chemistry-Chapter 5
Moseley
7
properties
periodicity
who is responsible for the modern table?
how many periods are there?
elements in a group have similar?
with respect to atomic number, can be observed in a group. Th…
Moseley
who is responsible for the modern table?
7
how many periods are there?
65 terms
honors chemistry chapter 5
who made the first periodic table?
how did Mendeleev make the first perio…
what did Moseley and Rutherford do in…
what is the periodic law and who found…
Mendeleev
-he arranged the elements by atomic mass and chemical propert…
examined spectra of 38 metals and found the relationship betw…
Moseley ... the physical and chemical properties of the element…
who made the first periodic table?
Mendeleev
how did Mendeleev make the first perio…
-he arranged the elements by atomic mass and chemical propert…
29 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 5
molarity equation
solution dilution
characteristics of gases
kinetic molecular theory
moles of solute/ volume of solution in liters
m1v1=m2v2
ability to expand, compressible, form homogenous mixture, par…
all particles are in constant motion, all gas particles are s…
molarity equation
moles of solute/ volume of solution in liters
solution dilution
m1v1=m2v2
35 terms
Honors chemistry: Chapter 5
Orbitals that are alike in size and sh…
The volume in which an electron is mos…
What elements change 4s2 to 4s1
What scientist stated that no two elec…
Degenerate
Electron cloud
Cr and Cu
Pauli
Orbitals that are alike in size and sh…
Degenerate
The volume in which an electron is mos…
Electron cloud
8 terms
honors chemistry chapter 5
Ideal Gas Law
Combined Gas Law
Celsius to Kelvin
Units of Pressure
PV = nRT
P1V1/n1T1 = P2V2/n2T2
add 273
1 pascal (Pa) = 1 N/m2... 1 atm = 760 mmHg = 760 torr... 1 atm = 10…
Ideal Gas Law
PV = nRT
Combined Gas Law
P1V1/n1T1 = P2V2/n2T2
53 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 5
A concept of chemical bonding theory t…
An atom, radical, or molecule that has…
An ion that has a positive charge
an ion that has a negative charge
Octet Rule
Ion
cation
anion
A concept of chemical bonding theory t…
Octet Rule
An atom, radical, or molecule that has…
Ion
23 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 5 Test
Electromagnetic radiation
Wavelength
Frequency
Amplitude
A form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travel…
Shortest distance btwn equivalent points on a continuous wave…
Number of waves that pass a given point per sec. ... 1 Hz=1 wave…
Wave's height from the origin to a crest or from origin to tr…
Electromagnetic radiation
A form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travel…
Wavelength
Shortest distance btwn equivalent points on a continuous wave…
56 terms
chemistry honors chapter 5
bohr's model
bohr
ground state
ladder
it proposed that an electron is found only in a specific circ…
who had these 3 postulates? 1) only orbits of certain radii,…
allowed state is also know as?
to help understand bohr's model, look at the energy levels of…
bohr's model
it proposed that an electron is found only in a specific circ…
bohr
who had these 3 postulates? 1) only orbits of certain radii,…
56 terms
chemistry honors chapter 5
bohr's model
bohr
ground state
ladder
it proposed that an electron is found only in a specific circ…
who had these 3 postulates? 1) only orbits of certain radii,…
allowed state is also know as?
to help understand bohr's model, look at the energy levels of…
bohr's model
it proposed that an electron is found only in a specific circ…
bohr
who had these 3 postulates? 1) only orbits of certain radii,…
23 terms
honors chemistry chapter 5
dmitri Mendeleev
stanislao cannizzaro
Henry Moseley
Modern Periodic table
he made the first periodic table in 1869. he corrected inaccu…
arranged the 60 known elements by atomic mass.
used x-ray spectra to determine atomic number of elements. fo…
elements arranged by increasing atomic number, includes noble…
dmitri Mendeleev
he made the first periodic table in 1869. he corrected inaccu…
stanislao cannizzaro
arranged the 60 known elements by atomic mass.
30 terms
Chemistry honors chapter 5
Thermodynamics
Thermochemistry
Energy
Work
Study of energy and its transformations
Relationships between chemical reactions and energy changes i…
The capacity to do work or transfer heat
Energy used to cause an object to move against a force
Thermodynamics
Study of energy and its transformations
Thermochemistry
Relationships between chemical reactions and energy changes i…
33 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 5
Atom
3 parts of an Atom
Electrons
Protons
Smallest particle of an element that retains the properties o…
Electrons... Protons... Neutrons
Negative charge, extremely light, discovery by J.J Thompson 1…
Positive, much heavier than electron discovery by Goldstein (…
Atom
Smallest particle of an element that retains the properties o…
3 parts of an Atom
Electrons... Protons... Neutrons
25 terms
Chapter 5 Honors Chemistry
electromagnetic radiation
wavelength
frequency
amplitude
a form of energy energy exhibiting wavelike behavior as it tr…
the shortest distance between equivalent points on a continuo…
number of waves that pass a given point per second
the height of a wave from the origin to a crest or trough
electromagnetic radiation
a form of energy energy exhibiting wavelike behavior as it tr…
wavelength
the shortest distance between equivalent points on a continuo…
33 terms
Chapter 5 Honors Chemistry
Periodic law
Periodic table
Lanthanides
Actanides
Mendeleev's principle of chemical periodicity; physical and c…
An arrangment of the elements in order of their atomic number…
14 elements with atomic numbers from 58 to 71
14 elements with atomic numbers from 90 to 103
Periodic law
Mendeleev's principle of chemical periodicity; physical and c…
Periodic table
An arrangment of the elements in order of their atomic number…
15 terms
Honors Chemistry: Chapter 5
Dalton
Michael Faraday
Svante Arrhenius
G.J Stoney
Theories:... - Elements are composed of small, indivisible parti…
- Came up with the term "ion". ... Theories:... - Certain substance…
Theories:... - An ion is an atom (or a group of atoms) carrying…
Theories... - There must be some fundamental unit of electricity…
Dalton
Theories:... - Elements are composed of small, indivisible parti…
Michael Faraday
- Came up with the term "ion". ... Theories:... - Certain substance…
38 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 5
Elements are based on___________ from…
Elements in the same column react simi…
Mendeleev arranged the periodic table…
Repeating patters are referred to as _…
patterns
similar electron configuration
increasing atomic mass
periodics
Elements are based on___________ from…
patterns
Elements in the same column react simi…
similar electron configuration
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