Study sets matching "honors chemistry chapter 7"

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Study sets matching "honors chemistry chapter 7"

33 terms
Honors Chemistry: Chapter 7
Dobreiner
Newlands
Mendeleev
Mosley
Scientist who grouped the elements by triads
Scientist who noticed a repetition every 8th element when lis…
Father of the periodic table
Scientist who arranged the elements by increasing atomic numb…
Dobreiner
Scientist who grouped the elements by triads
Newlands
Scientist who noticed a repetition every 8th element when lis…
Honors Chemistry Chapter 7
nomenclature
chemical formula
Ions bond with other ions to become st…
ionic compound
naming system
show the number of each kind of atom in the chemical compound…
neutral, ions bond to become stable
can be reduced since they are in a crystalline lattice struct…
nomenclature
naming system
chemical formula
show the number of each kind of atom in the chemical compound…
Honors Chemistry Chapter 7
Monatomic Ions
Binary Compound
Nomenclature
Oxyanions
Ions formed from a single atom. Cations are named using the e…
Compounds made up of two elements
a naming system
polyatomic ions that contain oxygen
Monatomic Ions
Ions formed from a single atom. Cations are named using the e…
Binary Compound
Compounds made up of two elements
10 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 7
cation
anion
polyatomic ion
valence electrons
positive (metallic)
negative (non metallic)
a charged group of covalently bonded atoms
an electron in the highest occupied energy level of an atom
cation
positive (metallic)
anion
negative (non metallic)
honors chemistry chapter 7
naming compounds
A single atom with a positive or negat…
charged group of covalently bonded atoms
made of 2 different elements
nomenclature
monoatomic ion
polyatomic ion
binary compound
naming compounds
nomenclature
A single atom with a positive or negat…
monoatomic ion
Honors Chemistry Chapter 7
chemical formula
molecular compound (formula)
ionic compound (formula)
crossover rule
indicates number of atoms of each kind in a compound
number of atoms of each element contained in a single molecul…
represents one formula unit of the simplest ratio of cations…
method of balancing the charges between an ion in an ionic co…
chemical formula
indicates number of atoms of each kind in a compound
molecular compound (formula)
number of atoms of each element contained in a single molecul…
22 terms
Chemistry Honors Chapter 7
chemical reaction
exothermic reaction
endothermic reaction
aqueous solution
the process of undergoing a chemical change
a chemical reaction that releases heat energy
a chemical reaction that absorbs heat energy
a substance dissolved in water
chemical reaction
the process of undergoing a chemical change
exothermic reaction
a chemical reaction that releases heat energy
11 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 7
alloys
chemical formula
coordination number
electron dot structure
a mixture composed of two or more elements, at least one of w…
an expression that indicates the number and type of atoms pre…
the number of ions of opposite charge that surround each ion…
a notation that depicts valence electrons as dots around the…
alloys
a mixture composed of two or more elements, at least one of w…
chemical formula
an expression that indicates the number and type of atoms pre…
19 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 7
mole concept
Avogadro's number
Avogadro's hypothesis
molar mass
SI unit for amount of a substance... as many particles as there…
6.022x10^23... # of particles in one mole... used for atoms, f.u.,…
equal volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure c…
multiply an atom's atomic mass by the number of atoms in the…
mole concept
SI unit for amount of a substance... as many particles as there…
Avogadro's number
6.022x10^23... # of particles in one mole... used for atoms, f.u.,…
39 terms
Honors Chemistry: Chapter 7
ionic
ionic
monatomic ions
cations
An _________ compound consists of a lattice of positive and n…
The chemical formula for an _______ compound represents one f…
Ions formed from a single atom are known as _____________.
Monatomic __________ are identified by the element's name.
ionic
An _________ compound consists of a lattice of positive and n…
ionic
The chemical formula for an _______ compound represents one f…
20 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 7
The SI unit for amount
the number of particles in a mole
the mass in grams of one mole of an el…
a weighted average of the atomic mass…
Mole
avagadro's number
molar mass
average atomic weight
The SI unit for amount
Mole
the number of particles in a mole
avagadro's number
21 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 7
Cause for Bonding
Forming positive ions or cations
Group 1A
Group 2A
acquire a stable electron configuration
loss of 1 or more valence electrons
1+ ions
2+ ions
Cause for Bonding
acquire a stable electron configuration
Forming positive ions or cations
loss of 1 or more valence electrons
86 terms
Honors Chemistry: Chapter 7
_______ is the systematic naming compo…
Common names for chemicals like table…
The chemical formula indicates what __…
Can you simplify a molecular compound?
chemical nomenclature
chemical composition
elements; ratio
no
_______ is the systematic naming compo…
chemical nomenclature
Common names for chemicals like table…
chemical composition
10 terms
Honors Chemistry: Chapter 7
Chemical reaction
Chemical equation
Reactants
Products
Something new created by rearranging partners
Written expression of the elements/compounds involved in a ch…
On the left, starting materials
On the right, new partnership
Chemical reaction
Something new created by rearranging partners
Chemical equation
Written expression of the elements/compounds involved in a ch…
11 terms
Honors Chemistry chapter 7
Valence electrons
Electron dot structure
Octet rule
Halide ions
an electron in the highest occupied energy level of an atom
a notation that depicts valence electrons as dots around the…
atoms react by gaining or losing electrons so as to acquire t…
a negative ion formed when a halogen atom gains an electron
Valence electrons
an electron in the highest occupied energy level of an atom
Electron dot structure
a notation that depicts valence electrons as dots around the…
24 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 7
Valence electrons
Electron dot structures
Octet Rule
Nonmetals
the electrons in the highest occupied energy level on an elem…
diagrams that show valence electrons in the atoms of an eleme…
states that in forming compounds, atoms tend to achieve the e…
tend to gain electrons
Valence electrons
the electrons in the highest occupied energy level on an elem…
Electron dot structures
diagrams that show valence electrons in the atoms of an eleme…
28 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 7
What type of ions do metals tend to fo…
What type of ions do nonmetals tend to…
What type of bond occurs between a met…
How is an ionic bond formed?
Cations (positive).
Anions (negative).
Ionic bond.
A metal gives up electron(s) to become a cation and a nonmeta…
What type of ions do metals tend to fo…
Cations (positive).
What type of ions do nonmetals tend to…
Anions (negative).
36 terms
Chemistry Honors Chapter 7
Valence Electrons
Highest Energy Level
It is still stable
Gain, lose, share
These are the electrons that occupy the orbitals in the highe…
Valence electrons are the electrons that occupy the orbitals…
Why is helium placed in group 8 when it only has 2 electrons?
Atoms tend to __________, ___________, or _________ electrons…
Valence Electrons
These are the electrons that occupy the orbitals in the highe…
Highest Energy Level
Valence electrons are the electrons that occupy the orbitals…
Honors Chemistry Chapter 7 Review
when two or more elements (nonmetal &n…
when an atom doesn't share an electron…
when an atom shares electron equally a…
to determine the amount of bonds an at…
Covalent bond (molecular bond)
polar bond
non polar bond
Octet
when two or more elements (nonmetal &n…
Covalent bond (molecular bond)
when an atom doesn't share an electron…
polar bond
22 terms
Chemistry Honors Chapter 7
octet rule
electricity
coordination #
simple cubic
chemical compounds tend to form so that each atom, by gaining…
electrolytes conduct _____________
# of ions of opposite charge that surround the ion in a crystal
crystal cubic structure with ann ion @ each corner
octet rule
chemical compounds tend to form so that each atom, by gaining…
electricity
electrolytes conduct _____________
8 terms
Honors Chemistry: Chapter 7
Ammonium
Acetate
Hydroxide
Chlorate
NH^4+
C3HCOO^-
OH^-
Cl3O^-
Ammonium
NH^4+
Acetate
C3HCOO^-
35 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 7
electrons in the outermost shell
states that in forming compounds, atom…
formed when an atom loses electrons; h…
formed when an atom gains electrons; h…
valence electrons
octet rule
cation
anion
electrons in the outermost shell
valence electrons
states that in forming compounds, atom…
octet rule
Honors Chemistry Chapter 7
Dmitri Mendeleev
Henry Moseley
What was the primary focus of the Firs…
effective nuclear charge (Zeff)
first arranged the elements by increasing atomic mass, aligni…
arranged the elements according to the nuclear charge or numb…
a discussion of standard atomic mass for all the elements
how strongly the valence electrons are attracted to the nucle…
Dmitri Mendeleev
first arranged the elements by increasing atomic mass, aligni…
Henry Moseley
arranged the elements according to the nuclear charge or numb…
Honors Chemistry Chapter 7
Monatomic ions
Binary compounds
nomenclature
oxyanions
Ions formed from a single atom... ex. Mg+2 or N-3
compounds composed oft elements
the naming system of binary ionic compounds involves combing…
polyatomic ions that contain oxygen
Monatomic ions
Ions formed from a single atom... ex. Mg+2 or N-3
Binary compounds
compounds composed oft elements
11 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 7
valence electrons
electron dot structures
octet rule
halide ions
an electron in the highest occupied energy level of an atom
a notation that depicts valence electrons as dots around the…
atoms react by gaining or losing electrons so as to acquire t…
a negative ion formed when a halogen atom gains an electron
valence electrons
an electron in the highest occupied energy level of an atom
electron dot structures
a notation that depicts valence electrons as dots around the…
11 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 7
Valence Electrons
Electron Dot Diagram
Octet Rule
Ionic compounds
An electron in the highest occupied energy level of an atom
A notation that depicts valence electrons as dots around the…
Atoms react by gaining or losing electrons so as to acquire t…
A compound composed of positive and negative ions
Valence Electrons
An electron in the highest occupied energy level of an atom
Electron Dot Diagram
A notation that depicts valence electrons as dots around the…
Honors Chemistry Chapter 7 Terms
sublevel
aufbau principle
Heisenberg uncertainty principle
orbital
divisions within a level - exist with in each energy level
each electron occupies the lowest energy sublevel available
it's impossible to measure accurately both the position and v…
space in which there is this high probability of finding the…
sublevel
divisions within a level - exist with in each energy level
aufbau principle
each electron occupies the lowest energy sublevel available
Honors Chemistry - Chapter 7
ammonium
acetate
chlorate
chlorite
NH4, +1
CH3COO, -1
ClO3, -1
ClO2, -1
ammonium
NH4, +1
acetate
CH3COO, -1
16 terms
Chapter 7- Vocabulary- Honors Chemistry
Chemical Bond
Cation
Anion
Ionic bond
the force that holds two atoms together, form by the attracti…
a positively charged ion, forms when an atom loses one or mor…
a negatively charged ion, forms when an atom gains an electron
the electrostatic force that holds oppositely charged particl…
Chemical Bond
the force that holds two atoms together, form by the attracti…
Cation
a positively charged ion, forms when an atom loses one or mor…
Chemistry honors chapter 7
valence electrons
group number
octet rule
cation
electrons in the highest occupied energy level
to find the num of valence electrons look at its ___________
It is a set of 8 (noble gas) and elements try to achieve the…
an atom's loss of valence electrons produces a __________
valence electrons
electrons in the highest occupied energy level
group number
to find the num of valence electrons look at its ___________
Honors Chemistry: Chapter 7
_______ is the systematic naming compo…
Common names for chemicals like table…
The chemical formula indicates what __…
Can you simplify a molecular compound?
chemical nomenclature
chemical composition
elements; ratio
no
_______ is the systematic naming compo…
chemical nomenclature
Common names for chemicals like table…
chemical composition
honors chemistry chapter 7
GER
LEO
group 1 oxidation number
group 2 oxidation number
gains electrons is reduced
looses electrons is oxidized
always +1
always +2
GER
gains electrons is reduced
LEO
looses electrons is oxidized
35 terms
Chemistry Honors Chapter 7
Valence Electrons
Highest Energy Level
It is still stable
Gain, lose, share
These are the electrons that occupy the orbitals in the highe…
Valence electrons are the electrons that occupy the orbitals…
Why is helium placed in group 8 when it only has 2 electrons?
Atoms tend to __________, ___________, or _________ electrons…
Valence Electrons
These are the electrons that occupy the orbitals in the highe…
Highest Energy Level
Valence electrons are the electrons that occupy the orbitals…
Honors Chemistry Chapter 7
Anion
Cation
Chemical Bond
Crystal Lattice
A negatively charged ion
A positively charged ion
the force that holds two atoms together
the regular pattern in which a crystal is arranged
Anion
A negatively charged ion
Cation
A positively charged ion
Honors Chemistry: Chapter 7
ammonium
acetate
chlorate
chlorite
NH4+
CH3COO-
ClO3-
ClO2-
ammonium
NH4+
acetate
CH3COO-
22 terms
Honors Chemistry - Chapter 7
the attraction between the positive io…
Surrounding delocalized electrons form…
able to be strung into wire
able to bend and be pounded into diffe…
metallic bond
sea (of electrons)
ductile
malleable
the attraction between the positive io…
metallic bond
Surrounding delocalized electrons form…
sea (of electrons)
Honors Chemistry Chapter 7&8
alloys
chemical formulas
coordination number
electron dot structure
mixture of two or more metals, enhance properties
come from mass % in compounds (mass ratio
The total number of coordinate bonds formed between a central…
a notation that depicts valence electrons as dots around the…
alloys
mixture of two or more metals, enhance properties
chemical formulas
come from mass % in compounds (mass ratio
21 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 7 Vocabulary
precipitation
precipitate
precipitation reaction
strong electrolyte
formation of a solid process
solid that forms
a reaction in which an insoluble substance forms and separate…
a material that, when dissolved in water, gives a solution th…
precipitation
formation of a solid process
precipitate
solid that forms
honors chemistry chapter 7/8
valence electron
electron dot structure
octet rule
halide ion
an electron in the highest occupied energy level of an atom
a notation that depicts valence electrons as dots around the…
atoms react by gaining/losing electrons so as to acquire the…
a negative ion formed when a halogen atom gains an electron
valence electron
an electron in the highest occupied energy level of an atom
electron dot structure
a notation that depicts valence electrons as dots around the…
11 terms
Honors Chemistry 1 Chapter 7
molecular compound
ionic compounds
hydrocarbon
binary compound
for one molecule
for one formula unit; the simplest ratio of cations to anions
compound containing hydrogen and carbon
compound with only two types of atoms
molecular compound
for one molecule
ionic compounds
for one formula unit; the simplest ratio of cations to anions
Honors Chemistry Chapter 7
Symbol
Chemical Formula
Molecule
Monatomic
letter or two representing element
two or more symbols, sometimes with numbers
two atoms or a group of atoms chemically bonded together. not…
contains only one atom
Symbol
letter or two representing element
Chemical Formula
two or more symbols, sometimes with numbers
22 terms
Chemistry Honors Chapter 7
chemical reaction
exothermic reaction
endothermic reaction
aqueous solution
the process of undergoing a chemical change
a chemical reaction that releases heat energy
a chemical reaction that absorbs heat energy
a substance dissolved in water
chemical reaction
the process of undergoing a chemical change
exothermic reaction
a chemical reaction that releases heat energy
32 terms
Chapter 7 Honors Chemistry
The force that holds two atoms togethe…
Compounds that contain ionic bonds are…
The electrostatic force that holds opp…
The attraction of a metallic cation fo…
Chemical Bond
Ionic compounds
Ionic bond
Metallic Bond
The force that holds two atoms togethe…
Chemical Bond
Compounds that contain ionic bonds are…
Ionic compounds
18 terms
Chapter 7 Chemistry Honors
Metallic Bond
What do metallic bonds (the mobile val…
Are metals crystalline? If so, why?
What are the three types of crystallin…
attraction between metallic cations and free-floating/mobile…
ductile (make into wire)... malleable (bendable, shapable)- elec…
Yes, because have the orderly, repeating c + a arrangement
Body-centered cubic... Face-centered cubic... Hexagonal Close-packed
Metallic Bond
attraction between metallic cations and free-floating/mobile…
What do metallic bonds (the mobile val…
ductile (make into wire)... malleable (bendable, shapable)- elec…
10 terms
Honors Chemistry I Chapter 7
oxidation- redox
precipitation
acid/base
double displacement
when the transfer of electrons exist
when aqueous compounds react to form a solid
when acid reacts with a base and it forms a salt including wa…
when two compounds react to form two products
oxidation- redox
when the transfer of electrons exist
precipitation
when aqueous compounds react to form a solid
Honors Chemistry (Dougherty) Chapter 7
chemical symbols
ion
chemical formula
monatomic ion
short-hand representations of the elements, notation using 1-…
an atom that has become charged
combination of symbols that represents the composition of a c…
when a single atom takes on a charge
chemical symbols
short-hand representations of the elements, notation using 1-…
ion
an atom that has become charged
Honors Chemistry Chapter 7
Why do metals form cations?
Why do nonmetals form anions?
How does an ionic compound form?
Describe the structure of an ionic com…
Metals lose electrons to form cations because they have relat…
Nonmetals gain electrons to form anions because they have rel…
An ionic compound forms when metal atoms lose valence electro…
Ionic compounds involve an orderly, three-dimensional arrange…
Why do metals form cations?
Metals lose electrons to form cations because they have relat…
Why do nonmetals form anions?
Nonmetals gain electrons to form anions because they have rel…
40 terms
Honors Chemistry: Chapter 7
delocalized electrons
oxidation number
chemical bond
polyatomic ion
electrons that are free to move in metals
for a monatomic ion, is equal to the charge
the force that holds two atoms together
a charged particle containing more than one atom
delocalized electrons
electrons that are free to move in metals
oxidation number
for a monatomic ion, is equal to the charge
Chapter 7 Honors Chemistry
What is the equation governing light a…
What does λ ("lambda") stand for?
What does ∨ ("nū") stand for?
What does c stand for?
λ∨=c
wavelength
frequency (Hz)
velocity of light (m/s)
What is the equation governing light a…
λ∨=c
What does λ ("lambda") stand for?
wavelength
11 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 7 Vocabulary
Mole (mol)
Avogadro's Number
Representative Particle
Gram Atomic Mass (gam)
a mol of a substance represents 6.02x10^23 representative par…
6.02x10^23
refers to the species present in a substance: usually atoms,…
the atomic mass of an element expressed in grams.
Mole (mol)
a mol of a substance represents 6.02x10^23 representative par…
Avogadro's Number
6.02x10^23
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