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Study sets matching "honors chemistry chapter 7"

11 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 7
alloys
chemical formula
coordination number
electron dot structure
a mixture composed of two or more elements, at least one of w…
an expression that indicates the number and type of atoms pre…
the number of ions of opposite charge that surround each ion…
a notation that depicts valence electrons as dots around the…
alloys
a mixture composed of two or more elements, at least one of w…
chemical formula
an expression that indicates the number and type of atoms pre…
Honors Chemistry Chapter 7&8
alloys
chemical formulas
coordination number
electron dot structure
mixture of two or more metals, enhance properties
come from mass % in compounds (mass ratio
The total number of coordinate bonds formed between a central…
a notation that depicts valence electrons as dots around the…
alloys
mixture of two or more metals, enhance properties
chemical formulas
come from mass % in compounds (mass ratio
31 terms
Honors Chemistry: Chapter 7
ammonium
acetate
chlorate
chlorite
NH4+
CH3COO-
ClO3-
ClO2-
ammonium
NH4+
acetate
CH3COO-
13 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 7
chemical formula
molecular compound (formula)
ionic compound (formula)
crossover rule
indicates number of atoms of each kind in a compound
number of atoms of each element contained in a single molecul…
represents one formula unit of the simplest ratio of cations…
method of balancing the charges between an ion in an ionic co…
chemical formula
indicates number of atoms of each kind in a compound
molecular compound (formula)
number of atoms of each element contained in a single molecul…
34 terms
honors chemistry chapter 7
naming compounds
A single atom with a positive or negat…
charged group of covalently bonded atoms
made of 2 different elements
nomenclature
monoatomic ion
polyatomic ion
binary compound
naming compounds
nomenclature
A single atom with a positive or negat…
monoatomic ion
10 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 7
cation
anion
polyatomic ion
valence electrons
positive (metallic)
negative (non metallic)
a charged group of covalently bonded atoms
an electron in the highest occupied energy level of an atom
cation
positive (metallic)
anion
negative (non metallic)
22 terms
Chemistry Honors Chapter 7
chemical reaction
exothermic reaction
endothermic reaction
aqueous solution
the process of undergoing a chemical change
a chemical reaction that releases heat energy
a chemical reaction that absorbs heat energy
a substance dissolved in water
chemical reaction
the process of undergoing a chemical change
exothermic reaction
a chemical reaction that releases heat energy
36 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 7
Symbol
Chemical Formula
Molecule
Monatomic
letter or two representing element
two or more symbols, sometimes with numbers
two atoms or a group of atoms chemically bonded together. not…
contains only one atom
Symbol
letter or two representing element
Chemical Formula
two or more symbols, sometimes with numbers
19 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 7
mole concept
Avogadro's number
Avogadro's hypothesis
molar mass
SI unit for amount of a substance... as many particles as there…
6.022x10^23... # of particles in one mole... used for atoms, f.u.,…
equal volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure c…
multiply an atom's atomic mass by the number of atoms in the…
mole concept
SI unit for amount of a substance... as many particles as there…
Avogadro's number
6.022x10^23... # of particles in one mole... used for atoms, f.u.,…
33 terms
Honors Chemistry: Chapter 7
Dobreiner
Newlands
Mendeleev
Mosley
Scientist who grouped the elements by triads
Scientist who noticed a repetition every 8th element when lis…
Father of the periodic table
Scientist who arranged the elements by increasing atomic numb…
Dobreiner
Scientist who grouped the elements by triads
Newlands
Scientist who noticed a repetition every 8th element when lis…
22 terms
Chemistry Honors Chapter 7
chemical reaction
exothermic reaction
endothermic reaction
aqueous solution
the process of undergoing a chemical change
a chemical reaction that releases heat energy
a chemical reaction that absorbs heat energy
a substance dissolved in water
chemical reaction
the process of undergoing a chemical change
exothermic reaction
a chemical reaction that releases heat energy
39 terms
Honors Chemistry: Chapter 7
ionic
ionic
monatomic ions
cations
An _________ compound consists of a lattice of positive and n…
The chemical formula for an _______ compound represents one f…
Ions formed from a single atom are known as _____________.
Monatomic __________ are identified by the element's name.
ionic
An _________ compound consists of a lattice of positive and n…
ionic
The chemical formula for an _______ compound represents one f…
40 terms
Chapter 7 - Chemistry Honors
Octet Rule
Gain or lose an electron
Chemical Bond
# of protons = # of electrons
Atoms tend to gain, lose, or share electrons in order to acqu…
Ions are formed when...
The force that holds to atoms together (attraction)
What makes an atom neutral?
Octet Rule
Atoms tend to gain, lose, or share electrons in order to acqu…
Gain or lose an electron
Ions are formed when...
21 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 7
Cause for Bonding
Forming positive ions or cations
Group 1A
Group 2A
acquire a stable electron configuration
loss of 1 or more valence electrons
1+ ions
2+ ions
Cause for Bonding
acquire a stable electron configuration
Forming positive ions or cations
loss of 1 or more valence electrons
86 terms
Honors Chemistry: Chapter 7
_______ is the systematic naming compo…
Common names for chemicals like table…
The chemical formula indicates what __…
Can you simplify a molecular compound?
chemical nomenclature
chemical composition
elements; ratio
no
_______ is the systematic naming compo…
chemical nomenclature
Common names for chemicals like table…
chemical composition
10 terms
Honors Chemistry: Chapter 7
Chemical reaction
Chemical equation
Reactants
Products
Something new created by rearranging partners
Written expression of the elements/compounds involved in a ch…
On the left, starting materials
On the right, new partnership
Chemical reaction
Something new created by rearranging partners
Chemical equation
Written expression of the elements/compounds involved in a ch…
40 terms
Honors Chemistry: Chapter 7
delocalized electrons
oxidation number
chemical bond
polyatomic ion
electrons that are free to move in metals
for a monatomic ion, is equal to the charge
the force that holds two atoms together
a charged particle containing more than one atom
delocalized electrons
electrons that are free to move in metals
oxidation number
for a monatomic ion, is equal to the charge
24 terms
Chapter 7 Honors Chemistry
What is the equation governing light a…
What does λ ("lambda") stand for?
What does ∨ ("nū") stand for?
What does c stand for?
λ∨=c
wavelength
frequency (Hz)
velocity of light (m/s)
What is the equation governing light a…
λ∨=c
What does λ ("lambda") stand for?
wavelength
36 terms
Chemistry Honors Chapter 7
Valence Electrons
Highest Energy Level
It is still stable
Gain, lose, share
These are the electrons that occupy the orbitals in the highe…
Valence electrons are the electrons that occupy the orbitals…
Why is helium placed in group 8 when it only has 2 electrons?
Atoms tend to __________, ___________, or _________ electrons…
Valence Electrons
These are the electrons that occupy the orbitals in the highe…
Highest Energy Level
Valence electrons are the electrons that occupy the orbitals…
28 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 7
What type of ions do metals tend to fo…
What type of ions do nonmetals tend to…
What type of bond occurs between a met…
How is an ionic bond formed?
Cations (positive).
Anions (negative).
Ionic bond.
A metal gives up electron(s) to become a cation and a nonmeta…
What type of ions do metals tend to fo…
Cations (positive).
What type of ions do nonmetals tend to…
Anions (negative).
8 terms
Honors Chemistry: Chapter 7
Ammonium
Acetate
Hydroxide
Chlorate
NH^4+
C3HCOO^-
OH^-
Cl3O^-
Ammonium
NH^4+
Acetate
C3HCOO^-
35 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 7
electrons in the outermost shell
states that in forming compounds, atom…
formed when an atom loses electrons; h…
formed when an atom gains electrons; h…
valence electrons
octet rule
cation
anion
electrons in the outermost shell
valence electrons
states that in forming compounds, atom…
octet rule
50 terms
Honors Chemistry - Chapter 7
ammonium
acetate
chlorate
chlorite
NH4, +1
CH3COO, -1
ClO3, -1
ClO2, -1
ammonium
NH4, +1
acetate
CH3COO, -1
9 terms
Chemistry honors chapter 7
valence electrons
group number
octet rule
cation
electrons in the highest occupied energy level
to find the num of valence electrons look at its ___________
It is a set of 8 (noble gas) and elements try to achieve the…
an atom's loss of valence electrons produces a __________
valence electrons
electrons in the highest occupied energy level
group number
to find the num of valence electrons look at its ___________
14 terms
Honors Chemistry_Chapter 7
Octet rule
metals
non-metals
Halide ions
atoms tend to gain or lose electrons to achieve a noble gas c…
tend to lose electrons to become cations
tend to gain electrons to become anions
Anions of halogens (1-)
Octet rule
atoms tend to gain or lose electrons to achieve a noble gas c…
metals
tend to lose electrons to become cations
13 terms
Honors Chemistry: Chapter 7 (Review)
Ionic Bond
Ionic Compound
Cation
Anion
Positively charged ion is attracted to a negatively charged i…
Compound that is composed entirely of ions... (Electrically neut…
Positively charged ions
Negatively charged ion
Ionic Bond
Positively charged ion is attracted to a negatively charged i…
Ionic Compound
Compound that is composed entirely of ions... (Electrically neut…
35 terms
Chemistry Honors Chapter 7
Valence Electrons
Highest Energy Level
It is still stable
Gain, lose, share
These are the electrons that occupy the orbitals in the highe…
Valence electrons are the electrons that occupy the orbitals…
Why is helium placed in group 8 when it only has 2 electrons?
Atoms tend to __________, ___________, or _________ electrons…
Valence Electrons
These are the electrons that occupy the orbitals in the highe…
Highest Energy Level
Valence electrons are the electrons that occupy the orbitals…
11 terms
Chemistry Honors Chapter 7 Vocabulary
Mole (mol)
Avogadro's number
Representative particle
Gram atomic mass (gam)
6.02x10^23 representative particles of that substance
Chemist who experimentally determined 6.02x10^23
Refers to the species present in a substance: atoms, molecule…
The atomic mass of an element expressed in grams
Mole (mol)
6.02x10^23 representative particles of that substance
Avogadro's number
Chemist who experimentally determined 6.02x10^23
16 terms
Chapter 7- Vocabulary- Honors Chemistry
Chemical Bond
Cation
Anion
Ionic bond
the force that holds two atoms together, form by the attracti…
a positively charged ion, forms when an atom loses one or mor…
a negatively charged ion, forms when an atom gains an electron
the electrostatic force that holds oppositely charged particl…
Chemical Bond
the force that holds two atoms together, form by the attracti…
Cation
a positively charged ion, forms when an atom loses one or mor…
17 terms
Chemistry Honors Chapter 7
Chemical Bond
Ionic Bonding
Covalent Bonding
Non-Polar Covalent
A mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and valence…
Chemical bonding resulting from the electrical attraction bet…
Results from the sharing of electron pairs between 2 atoms
an even sharing of electrons
Chemical Bond
A mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and valence…
Ionic Bonding
Chemical bonding resulting from the electrical attraction bet…
78 terms
Honors Chemistry: Chapter 7
_______ is the systematic naming compo…
Common names for chemicals like table…
The chemical formula indicates what __…
Can you simplify a molecular compound?
chemical nomenclature
chemical composition
elements; ratio
no
_______ is the systematic naming compo…
chemical nomenclature
Common names for chemicals like table…
chemical composition
10 terms
Chapter 7, honors chemistry
Methane
Ethane
Propane
Butane
CH₄, 1 carbon atom
C₂H₆, 2 carbon atoms
C₃H₈, 3 carbon atoms
C₄H₁₀, 4 carbon atoms
Methane
CH₄, 1 carbon atom
Ethane
C₂H₆, 2 carbon atoms
17 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 7
Anion
Cation
Chemical Bond
Crystal Lattice
A negatively charged ion
A positively charged ion
the force that holds two atoms together
the regular pattern in which a crystal is arranged
Anion
A negatively charged ion
Cation
A positively charged ion
26 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 7
The electrons in the atom's outermost…
Elements symbol, shows atom's valence…
Force that holds 2 atom's
Force that holds opposite charged part…
Valence Electron
Electron Dot Structure
Chemical Bond
Ionic Bond
The electrons in the atom's outermost…
Valence Electron
Elements symbol, shows atom's valence…
Electron Dot Structure
78 terms
Honors Chemistry: Chapter 7
_______ is the systematic naming compo…
Common names for chemicals like table…
The chemical formula indicates what __…
Can you simplify a molecular compound?
chemical nomenclature
chemical composition
elements; ratio
no
_______ is the systematic naming compo…
chemical nomenclature
Common names for chemicals like table…
chemical composition
22 terms
Honors Chemistry - Chapter 7
the attraction between the positive io…
Surrounding delocalized electrons form…
able to be strung into wire
able to bend and be pounded into diffe…
metallic bond
sea (of electrons)
ductile
malleable
the attraction between the positive io…
metallic bond
Surrounding delocalized electrons form…
sea (of electrons)
21 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 7 Vocabulary
precipitation
precipitate
precipitation reaction
strong electrolyte
formation of a solid process
solid that forms
a reaction in which an insoluble substance forms and separate…
a material that, when dissolved in water, gives a solution th…
precipitation
formation of a solid process
precipitate
solid that forms
32 terms
honors chemistry chapter 7/8
valence electron
electron dot structure
octet rule
halide ion
an electron in the highest occupied energy level of an atom
a notation that depicts valence electrons as dots around the…
atoms react by gaining/losing electrons so as to acquire the…
a negative ion formed when a halogen atom gains an electron
valence electron
an electron in the highest occupied energy level of an atom
electron dot structure
a notation that depicts valence electrons as dots around the…
20 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 7
The SI unit for amount
the number of particles in a mole
the mass in grams of one mole of an el…
a weighted average of the atomic mass…
Mole
avagadro's number
molar mass
average atomic weight
The SI unit for amount
Mole
the number of particles in a mole
avagadro's number
83 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 7 & 8
How many naturally occurring elements…
Oxygen is the most abundant element on
Representative elements
For a group of metals reactivity incre…
92
Earth
1, 2, 13-18; all valence electrons in S or P orbitals
Z increases (Z = atomic #)
How many naturally occurring elements…
92
Oxygen is the most abundant element on
Earth
18 terms
Chapter 7 Chemistry Honors
Metallic Bond
What do metallic bonds (the mobile val…
Are metals crystalline? If so, why?
What are the three types of crystallin…
attraction between metallic cations and free-floating/mobile…
ductile (make into wire)... malleable (bendable, shapable)- elec…
Yes, because have the orderly, repeating c + a arrangement
Body-centered cubic... Face-centered cubic... Hexagonal Close-packed
Metallic Bond
attraction between metallic cations and free-floating/mobile…
What do metallic bonds (the mobile val…
ductile (make into wire)... malleable (bendable, shapable)- elec…
10 terms
Honors Chemistry I Chapter 7
oxidation- redox
precipitation
acid/base
double displacement
when the transfer of electrons exist
when aqueous compounds react to form a solid
when acid reacts with a base and it forms a salt including wa…
when two compounds react to form two products
oxidation- redox
when the transfer of electrons exist
precipitation
when aqueous compounds react to form a solid
10 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 7
Why do metals form cations?
Why do nonmetals form anions?
How does an ionic compound form?
Describe the structure of an ionic com…
Metals lose electrons to form cations because they have relat…
Nonmetals gain electrons to form anions because they have rel…
An ionic compound forms when metal atoms lose valence electro…
Ionic compounds involve an orderly, three-dimensional arrange…
Why do metals form cations?
Metals lose electrons to form cations because they have relat…
Why do nonmetals form anions?
Nonmetals gain electrons to form anions because they have rel…
24 terms
Honors Chemistry - Gallegos chapter 7+8
Valence Electrons
Octet RUle
Ionic Bonds
Metallic Bonds
electrons in the highest occupied energy level of an atom
Atoms react by gaining or losing electrons to acquire stable…
The electrostatic attraction that holds oppositely charged ios
Force of attraction that holds metals together; consists of a…
Valence Electrons
electrons in the highest occupied energy level of an atom
Octet RUle
Atoms react by gaining or losing electrons to acquire stable…
58 terms
Chemistry Honors Chapter 7
electrons that occupy the orbitals in…
determine what kind of chemistry the a…
________ is where chemistry occurs
Each group has the same number of ____…
valence electrons
valence electrons
blank spaces
valence electrons; group number; valence electrons
electrons that occupy the orbitals in…
valence electrons
determine what kind of chemistry the a…
valence electrons
12 terms
Honors Chemistry (Dougherty) Chapter 7
chemical symbols
ion
chemical formula
monatomic ion
short-hand representations of the elements, notation using 1-…
an atom that has become charged
combination of symbols that represents the composition of a c…
when a single atom takes on a charge
chemical symbols
short-hand representations of the elements, notation using 1-…
ion
an atom that has become charged
35 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 7 Terms
Lewis discovered
Valence electron
Lewis structure
Covalent bond
nonmetal atoms, by sharing electrons to form an electron-pair…
The electrons in the outermost electron level
The structure that shows covalent bonding
A pair of electrons shared between two atoms
Lewis discovered
nonmetal atoms, by sharing electrons to form an electron-pair…
Valence electron
The electrons in the outermost electron level
Honors Chemistry Chapter 7 Vocabulary
binary compounds
monatomic ions
nomenclature
oxyanions
Compounds composed of two different elements.
Ions formed from a single atom.
naming system of binary ionic compounds involves combining th…
Polyatomic ions that contain oxygen.
binary compounds
Compounds composed of two different elements.
monatomic ions
Ions formed from a single atom.
Chemistry Honors Chapter 7 Vocabulary
Compounds composed of cations and anio…
The attraction of free-floating valenc…
The lowest whole-number ratio of ions…
The electrostatic attraction that bind…
Ionic compounds
Metallic bonds
Formula unit
Ionic bonds
Compounds composed of cations and anio…
Ionic compounds
The attraction of free-floating valenc…
Metallic bonds
30 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 7
Dmitri Mendeleev
Henry Moseley
What was the primary focus of the Firs…
effective nuclear charge (Zeff)
first arranged the elements by increasing atomic mass, aligni…
arranged the elements according to the nuclear charge or numb…
a discussion of standard atomic mass for all the elements
how strongly the valence electrons are attracted to the nucle…
Dmitri Mendeleev
first arranged the elements by increasing atomic mass, aligni…
Henry Moseley
arranged the elements according to the nuclear charge or numb…
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