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Study sets matching "honors history government economics"

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Study sets matching "honors history government economics"

99 terms
Honors Government and Economics Final
purposes of government
why do we have a democracy? (definition)
who wrote the declaration of independe…
purpose of taxes
maintain social orders... provide public services... provide nation…
government that is run by the people and for the people
thomas jefferson
needed in order to provide funding for government resources,…
purposes of government
maintain social orders... provide public services... provide nation…
why do we have a democracy? (definition)
government that is run by the people and for the people
87 terms
Honors Government and Economics Exam
What name is given to the US system of…
What is the purpose of a grand jury?
Where are 95% of the nation's legal ca…
What does it take to win a US Supreme…
Judicial Federalism
Used to indict accused criminals
State Courts
Justices vote and majority opinion wins
What name is given to the US system of…
Judicial Federalism
What is the purpose of a grand jury?
Used to indict accused criminals
12 terms
Honors Government and Economics
M-1
M-2
Money Supply
1) Medium of exchange
The total amount cash and coin not held in banks
M-1 plus "near money"
Currency, checking account and traveler's check
Money is accepted in exchange for good/services
M-1
The total amount cash and coin not held in banks
M-2
M-1 plus "near money"
43 terms
honors government and economics
Conservative
Liberal
Republican Party Plane
Democrat Party Plane
A person who believes government power, particularly in the e…
A person whose views favor more govt involvemnt in business,…
...
...
Conservative
A person who believes government power, particularly in the e…
Liberal
A person whose views favor more govt involvemnt in business,…
57 terms
Honors American Government Economics
Externality
Deficit
Fiscal Policy
Fiscal year
economic side effect of producing or consuming a good or serv…
the yearly shortfall between revenue and spending of the fede…
Pres. and Congress use of gov't spending and taxation to stab…
any 12-month period; for federal gov't, it is Oct. 1 - Sept. 30
Externality
economic side effect of producing or consuming a good or serv…
Deficit
the yearly shortfall between revenue and spending of the fede…
53 terms
Government and Economics Honors Voting
Poll Tax
Box Law
Grandfather Clause
5 Historical Stages of Voting (6 listed)
required payment to vote
passed to decrease the amount of people who vote... - literacy t…
if your grandfather could vote before the civil war then you…
- Religious Qualifications... - race or color (15th Amendment)... -…
Poll Tax
required payment to vote
Box Law
passed to decrease the amount of people who vote... - literacy t…
78 terms
Honors Government and Economics FINAL
Preamble
Articles of Confederation
Bill of Rights
Concurrent Powers
prelude to the Constitution; "We the People"
the first Constitution; failed because they didn't collect ta…
the 10 amendments granting people rights in the Constitution
shared powers between the state and government
Preamble
prelude to the Constitution; "We the People"
Articles of Confederation
the first Constitution; failed because they didn't collect ta…
48 terms
Honors Government/Economics Final
Medium of Exchange
Unit of Account
Store of Value
Fiat Currency
Money is accepted in exchange for goods/services ... Ex: buy hai…
Money is a measurement of value
Money can maintain value overtime
Objects that have value because the government has decreed th…
Medium of Exchange
Money is accepted in exchange for goods/services ... Ex: buy hai…
Unit of Account
Money is a measurement of value
99 terms
Honors Government and {Economics} Exam
Economics
Scarcity
Shortage
Wants
Study of how societies decide what to produce, how to produce…
Limited quantities of resources to meet unlimited wants... Not h…
A situation in which quantity demanded is greater than quanti…
things that add comfort and pleasure to your life
Economics
Study of how societies decide what to produce, how to produce…
Scarcity
Limited quantities of resources to meet unlimited wants... Not h…
87 terms
Honors Government and Economics Exam
What name is given to the US system of…
What is the purpose of a grand jury?
Where are 95% of the nation's legal ca…
What does it take to win a US Supreme…
Judicial Federalism
Used to indict accused criminals
State Courts
Justices vote and majority opinion wins
What name is given to the US system of…
Judicial Federalism
What is the purpose of a grand jury?
Used to indict accused criminals
44 terms
Government and Economics Honors: Stocks
What is a incorporation?
What is a stock?
What is a common stock?
What is a preferred stock?
a separate legal entity
ownership in corporation
ownership in corporation and you get voting privileges
no voting privileges, but they get dividends
What is a incorporation?
a separate legal entity
What is a stock?
ownership in corporation
37 terms
Government and Economics Honors: Supply
More will be offered for sale at lower…
Producers supply products to make?
What is Change in Quantity Supplied? (2)
What is Change in Supply? (5)
higher prices
profit
- reaction suppliers have because of a PRICE change... - movemen…
- change in something other than price... - different amounts wi…
More will be offered for sale at lower…
higher prices
Producers supply products to make?
profit
Unit 4: International Economics, Honors Government and Economics
absolute advantage
comparative advantage
specialization
exchange rates
the ability to produce more of a given product using a given…
the ability to produce a product most efficiently given all t…
the concentration of the productive efforts of individuals an…
the value of a foreign nation's currency in terms of the home…
absolute advantage
the ability to produce more of a given product using a given…
comparative advantage
the ability to produce a product most efficiently given all t…
12 terms
Honors World History (economic)
Bilateral Aid
Capitalism
Command economy
Communism
Money and resources provided directly from one gov to another
Economic system based on private ownership and the investment…
Economic system in which the gov makes all economic decisions
All means of production are owned by people, private property…
Bilateral Aid
Money and resources provided directly from one gov to another
Capitalism
Economic system based on private ownership and the investment…
35 terms
Honors Government & Economics Final Review
What is the value of the next best alt…
What factor of production are a compan…
Why do economists build models?
What is entrepreneurship?
Opportunity cost
Capitol
To explain & predict economic behavior/events
People who organize & operate a business or businesses, takin…
What is the value of the next best alt…
Opportunity cost
What factor of production are a compan…
Capitol
58 terms
Government and Economics Honors Executive Branch
Presidential elections are held every:
Electors
The _________________ deals with presi…
According to the Presidential Successi…
4 years
When citizens vote for president, they are really voting for…
25th Amendment
Speaker of the House
Presidential elections are held every:
4 years
Electors
When citizens vote for president, they are really voting for…
16 terms
Government World History Honors
Direct Democracy
Democracy
Republic
Dictatorship
the type of government in which all people vote directly on a…
A government run by the people
A political system in which the citizens of a region elect re…
a government in which the ruler holds unlimited power on the…
Direct Democracy
the type of government in which all people vote directly on a…
Democracy
A government run by the people
14 terms
Honors World History Government
Government
Power
Authority
Differences in Government
The controlling body of a nation, state, or community
The ability to direct behavior of others or the course of eve…
A person or organization that has control in a typically poli…
way ruler is chosen, how individuals participate, way laws ar…
Government
The controlling body of a nation, state, or community
Power
The ability to direct behavior of others or the course of eve…
31 terms
History, Government, and Economics of Asia
1. Get rid of the Japanese military.... 2…
1. Japan takes colonies in Asia... 2. the…
1. The Nationlists take control after…
Mao's Great Leap Forward was meant to…
What were 3 of Douglas MacArthur's goals when rebuilding Japa…
Put these events in order:... a. the US puts an embargo on tradi…
Put these events in order:... a. Deng Xiaoping comes to power &…
Why is the name "Great Leap Forward" ironic?
1. Get rid of the Japanese military.... 2…
What were 3 of Douglas MacArthur's goals when rebuilding Japa…
1. Japan takes colonies in Asia... 2. the…
Put these events in order:... a. the US puts an embargo on tradi…
13 terms
Government & Economics Honors Vocabulary [ UNIT TWO ]
supply
demand
equilibrium price
competition
stock of a resource, make (something needed or wanted) availa…
an insistent and peremptory request, made as if by right - th…
changes in the conditions of demand or supply will shift the…
the rivalry among sellers trying to achieve such goals as inc…
supply
stock of a resource, make (something needed or wanted) availa…
demand
an insistent and peremptory request, made as if by right - th…
17 terms
6th Grade History Government and Economics Terms
Unitary
Confederation
Federal
Autocracy
power is held by one central authority
association of independent states that agree to certain limit…
power is divided between central authority and several region…
1 person possesses unlimited power and citizens have limited…
Unitary
power is held by one central authority
Confederation
association of independent states that agree to certain limit…
6 terms
Honors Economics: Unit 5 Terms: Government & The Economy
Federal Budget
Office of Management & Budget (OMB)
Congressional Budget Office
Appropriations bill
a plan for the federal government's revenues and spending for…
government office that manages the federal budget.
government agency that provides economic data to Congress.
a bill that sets money aside for specific spending
Federal Budget
a plan for the federal government's revenues and spending for…
Office of Management & Budget (OMB)
government office that manages the federal budget.
38 terms
Honors World History- Government Terms
Absolute Monarchy
Anarchy
Authoritarian
Commonwealth
Form of Gov. where monarch rules unhindered, without any laws…
Lawlessness or political disorder, absence of governmental au…
Form of Gov. state authority imposed
Nation, state, or political entity are united by a compact of…
Absolute Monarchy
Form of Gov. where monarch rules unhindered, without any laws…
Anarchy
Lawlessness or political disorder, absence of governmental au…
12 terms
Vocab for Honors World History - Economic
Bilateral aid
Capitalism
Command economy
Communism
money and resources provided directly from one government to…
economic system based on private ownership and the investment…
economic system in which the government makes all economic de…
economic system in which all means of production are owned by…
Bilateral aid
money and resources provided directly from one government to…
Capitalism
economic system based on private ownership and the investment…
African Government & Economics & History
Nigeria's main export
Economic struggles facing South Africa
During Nigeria military rule, which ty…
Today, Nigeria & South Africa both hav…
oil
unemployment
Command
Mixed
Nigeria's main export
oil
Economic struggles facing South Africa
unemployment
21 terms
economics terms- honors world history
supply
demand
profit
labor
the willingness and ability of a producer to produce and sell…
the desire to have some good or service and the ability to pa…
the financial gain a seller make from a business transaction;…
all the human time ,effort, and talent used to produce goods…
supply
the willingness and ability of a producer to produce and sell…
demand
the desire to have some good or service and the ability to pa…
24 terms
World history (Economics and government)
Producers
Consumers
Price
Quanity
People and companies that make goods/servidces ... Ex: General M…
People and companies that buy goods/services ... Ex: everyone
Amount consumers pay for goods/services ... Amount producers sel…
Amount of good/service consumers buy... Amount of good/service p…
Producers
People and companies that make goods/servidces ... Ex: General M…
Consumers
People and companies that buy goods/services ... Ex: everyone
9 terms
History- Government and Economics.
Free Speech
United States
China
USA
Limited
Unlimited
Single Party
Presidential Democracy
Free Speech
Limited
United States
Unlimited
16 terms
History government/economics and religion
Aristocracy
Democracy
Monarchy
Dictatorship
Only few elites rule
All citizens have equal day in everything
King or queen rules through hereditary rights
Only one person rules and has full control over everything
Aristocracy
Only few elites rule
Democracy
All citizens have equal day in everything
44 terms
New Government (Honors US History)
Shay's Rebellion
Daniel Shay
Constitutional Convention
Articles of Confederation
A rebellion lead by farmers and revolutionaries to protest ta…
Leader of the rebellion of Farmers against tax increases
Meeting in 1787 of the elected representatives of the thirtee…
A weak constitution that governed America during the Revoluti…
Shay's Rebellion
A rebellion lead by farmers and revolutionaries to protest ta…
Daniel Shay
Leader of the rebellion of Farmers against tax increases
Honors Government and Economics, Unit 2 Test
This is the institution or mechanisms…
This is the amount of a good/service t…
This is the amount of goods and servic…
This states that as price increases, q…
market
demand
quantity demanded
Law of Demand
This is the institution or mechanisms…
market
This is the amount of a good/service t…
demand
28 terms
Government and Economics honors quiz 20 pts
Special interest groups
Interest groups main goal
interest group doings 1
interest group doings 2
Associate of people who hold similar views or goals
Shape public policy way that promotes their own interests
Organize people who share concerns
Provide members with a means of political participation
Special interest groups
Associate of people who hold similar views or goals
Interest groups main goal
Shape public policy way that promotes their own interests
51 terms
History Government and Economics and Terminology
theocracy
sultan
jannissaries
daimyo
a government controlled by religious leaders
"overlord" or "one with power"; title for Ottoman rulers duri…
Members of an elite force of slave/soldiers in the Ottoman Em…
A Japanese feudal lord who commanded a private army of samurai
theocracy
a government controlled by religious leaders
sultan
"overlord" or "one with power"; title for Ottoman rulers duri…
40 terms
American Government and Economics Honors Final - RHHS
Among the broad purposes of the United…
All political powers in a state are co…
In democracy, the will of the majority…
If you live under a democratic governm…
Provide for justice and the people's general welfare.
Unitary
Cannot be used to deprive rights to a member of a minority gr…
State
Among the broad purposes of the United…
Provide for justice and the people's general welfare.
All political powers in a state are co…
Unitary
12 terms
VA History (Economics & Government)
How many branches is the government of…
What makes up the Legislative branch o…
What does the General Assembly do?
The VA General Assembly is split into…
3
The General Assembly
Make state laws
Senate & House of delegates
How many branches is the government of…
3
What makes up the Legislative branch o…
The General Assembly
21 terms
World History Review -- Economic Systems and Government
economic systems
command economy
socialism
market
organized way a society provides for the wants and needs of i…
economic system characterized by a central authority that mak…
economic system in which government owns some factors of prod…
meeting place or arrangement through which buyers and sellers…
economic systems
organized way a society provides for the wants and needs of i…
command economy
economic system characterized by a central authority that mak…
40 terms
Global History Honors Ideologies and Forms of Government
idealism
isolationism
communism
fascism
pursuit of high goals
isolating one's country from other nations
system of social organization in which all economic and socia…
gov. led by a dictator having complete power
idealism
pursuit of high goals
isolationism
isolating one's country from other nations
37 terms
economics assesment
demand
law of demand
3 factors that influence demand
substitution effect
the willingness and ability to buy or consume something
as price goes up, quantity demanded goes down.
sustitution effect, real income effect, diminishing marginal…
as the price of one good or service goes up, quantity demande…
demand
the willingness and ability to buy or consume something
law of demand
as price goes up, quantity demanded goes down.
81 terms
Final Exam Review Sheet: Honors Government -- Economic Concepts
Scarcity
Tradeoff
Ceteris Paribus
Factors of Production
A situation in which unlimited wants exceed the limited resou…
An exchange - giving up one thing to get something else.
a Latin phrase that means "all other things held constant"
Land, Labor, Capital, Entrepreneurship
Scarcity
A situation in which unlimited wants exceed the limited resou…
Tradeoff
An exchange - giving up one thing to get something else.
9 terms
Honors Government Voting Unit: History of Voting Rights
suffrage
franchise
electorate
disenfranchised
(1) the right to vote
(2) the right to vote
the potential voting population
citizens denied the right to vote
suffrage
(1) the right to vote
franchise
(2) the right to vote
73 terms
Ignitia - Government and Economics Unit 4: History of Governments Vocabulary
colony
decimated
deomocratic
natural resources
A group of people settled in a particular area who carry the…
To reduce the amount in blocks or sizable amounts.
A government or organized group that strives to be fair and e…
Available supply of goods made possible by God's creation; no…
colony
A group of people settled in a particular area who carry the…
decimated
To reduce the amount in blocks or sizable amounts.
20 terms
Honors Economics: Unit 5 Terms: Government & The Economy CH12
GDP
Gross Domestic Product
Nominal GDP
Real GDP
Gross Domestic Product
The sum total of the value of all the goods and services prod…
GDP measured in current prices
GDP expressed in constant, or unchanging, prices.
GDP
Gross Domestic Product
Gross Domestic Product
The sum total of the value of all the goods and services prod…
20 terms
Honors Economics: Unit 5 Terms: Government & The Economy CH13
Unemployment rate
Full Employment
Underemployed
Inflation
the percentage of the nation's labor force that is unemployed
the level of the employment reached when there is no cyclical…
working at a job for which one is over qualified or working p…
a general increases in prices
Unemployment rate
the percentage of the nation's labor force that is unemployed
Full Employment
the level of the employment reached when there is no cyclical…
12 terms
Social Studies - History, Government, Economics
History
Geography
Push/Pull Factors
Push Factors
is the most accurate perception of past events through multip…
is the study of the earth and what is on it.
are the reasons for immigration/migration.
are the reasons why an individual was forced to or chose to l…
History
is the most accurate perception of past events through multip…
Geography
is the study of the earth and what is on it.
16 terms
Honors Civics and Economics Unit 6: State and Local Government
Statute
Commute
Parole
Civil Case
A law enacted by a legislature.
To reduce a criminals sentence or change a penalty to a less…
To grant a prisoner an early release from prison, with certai…
A case involving a noncriminal matter such as a contract disp…
Statute
A law enacted by a legislature.
Commute
To reduce a criminals sentence or change a penalty to a less…
18 terms
Roles in US Government US Honors History 1
President
Vice President
Secretary of Senate
Senate majority leader
Barack Obama... -Executive Branch... -Democratic
Joe Biden ... -Executive Branch... -Democratic
Joe Biden... -Runs the senate... -Tie breaker if senate is split 50…
Mitch McConnell... -Republican
President
Barack Obama... -Executive Branch... -Democratic
Vice President
Joe Biden ... -Executive Branch... -Democratic
26 terms
Civics and Economics Honors Unit 1: Foundations of American Government
Naturalization
Alien
Deport
Democracy
admit to the citizenship of a country
foreigner or someone who is not naturalized citizen of the co…
expel a foreigner from a country because they have committed…
System of government by the whole population or all the eligi…
Naturalization
admit to the citizenship of a country
Alien
foreigner or someone who is not naturalized citizen of the co…
22 terms
East Asian History/Economics/Government
1900: The Boxer Rebellion
ROC
3 Principles of the People
Chiang Kai-Shek
-nationalist groups want to restore China's glory ... -Boxers:co…
Republic of China ... -ROC in 1912 ... -Nationalists: Party in cont…
1.Nationalism --> Unify nation & end idea of imperial power o…
-Took over China in 1928 after Sun Yat-Sen dies ... -leads Natio…
1900: The Boxer Rebellion
-nationalist groups want to restore China's glory ... -Boxers:co…
ROC
Republic of China ... -ROC in 1912 ... -Nationalists: Party in cont…
40 terms
World history honors (ADD RELIGON and government)
City State
Direct Democracy
Republic
Representative Democracy
is a sovereign state consisting of a city and its surrounding…
direct public decisions are made directly by citizens meeting…
a nation in which supreme power rests with the citizens and i…
public decisions are are made by leaders who are elected by t…
City State
is a sovereign state consisting of a city and its surrounding…
Direct Democracy
direct public decisions are made directly by citizens meeting…
21 terms
Government and Economic Systems in World History
aristocracy
autocracy
democracy
federal
Power is in the hands of a hereditary ruling class or nobilit…
A single person rules with unlimited power. Also called dicta…
Citizens hold political power either directly or through repr…
Powers are divided among the federal, or national, government…
aristocracy
Power is in the hands of a hereditary ruling class or nobilit…
autocracy
A single person rules with unlimited power. Also called dicta…
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