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Study sets matching "honors modern biology"

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Study sets matching "honors modern biology"

22 terms
Modern Genetics, Honors Biology
griffith experiment
protein synthesis (description)
the 3 types of RNA in protein synthesis
protein synthesis (image)
-1928... -working with Pneumonia (bacteria). realization there a…
DNA- blueprint/template/master molecule- no protein without i…
RRNA: Ribosomal RNA (makes up ribosomes)... MRNA: Messanger RNA…
griffith experiment
-1928... -working with Pneumonia (bacteria). realization there a…
protein synthesis (description)
DNA- blueprint/template/master molecule- no protein without i…
62 terms
Honors Biology Modern Evolution
traits vary within a population
population genetics
microevolution
bell curve
traits within a population may vary, but the organisms are st…
the study of evolution through genetics
changes in the gene pool of a population
graph that shows the distribution of a particular characteris…
traits vary within a population
traits within a population may vary, but the organisms are st…
population genetics
the study of evolution through genetics
30 terms
Honors Modern Biology Photosynthesis Vocab
Autotrophs
Photosynthesis
hetertroph
Biochemical Pathway
Organisms that use energy from sunlight or from chemical bond…
to convert light energy from the sun into chemical energy fro…
Animals and other organisms that must get energy from food in…
A series of chemical reactions linked in this way .
Autotrophs
Organisms that use energy from sunlight or from chemical bond…
Photosynthesis
to convert light energy from the sun into chemical energy fro…
24 terms
Modern Genetics (Honors Biology)
What is gene expression?
How many genes are in each human somat…
Define totipotence.
What are HOX genes?
Whether or not a gene is making proteins at any given time (G…
~20,000 genes
All cells have the same genes
Genes that determine an organism's body plan (ex., where your…
What is gene expression?
Whether or not a gene is making proteins at any given time (G…
How many genes are in each human somat…
~20,000 genes
26 terms
Honors Biology- Ch 10 Modern Mendelian Genetics
Gregor Mendel
Genes
Diploid
Mutation
founder of modern genetics
heritable units of information about traits
2n, pairs of genes on pairs of homologous chromosomes
permanent change in a gene and in the information it carries
Gregor Mendel
founder of modern genetics
Genes
heritable units of information about traits
16 terms
Honors Biology: Modern Biology, Chapter 20
predation
interspecific competition
symbiosis
parasitism
a relationship between two species in which one species, the…
a relationship between two species in which both species comp…
a relationship in which two different organisms live in close…
a relationship between two species in which one species, the…
predation
a relationship between two species in which one species, the…
interspecific competition
a relationship between two species in which both species comp…
23 terms
Honors Biology: Modern Biology, Chapter 22
environmental science
geosphere
hydrosphere
atmosphere
the study of the interaction between humans and their own env…
Earth's rock interior that extends from the molten center of…
the portion of Earth that is water
the mixture of gases that surrounds Earth
environmental science
the study of the interaction between humans and their own env…
geosphere
Earth's rock interior that extends from the molten center of…
32 terms
Honors Biology: Modern Biology, Chapter 10
virulent
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
describes a microorganism that causes diseased and that is hi…
the transfer of genetic material in the form of DNA fragments…
a virus that infects bacteria
in a nucleic-acid chain, a sub-unit that consists of a sugar,…
virulent
describes a microorganism that causes diseased and that is hi…
transformation
the transfer of genetic material in the form of DNA fragments…
19 terms
Honors Biology: Modern Biology, Chapter 15
evolution
strata
natural selection
adaptation
a heritable change in the characteristics within a population…
layers of rock
the process by which individuals that are better adapted to t…
the process of becoming adapted to an environment; an anatomi…
evolution
a heritable change in the characteristics within a population…
strata
layers of rock
31 terms
Honors Biology: Modern Biology, Chapter 26
mold
yeast
mycology
hypha
in biology, a fungus that grows in the form of a tangled mass…
a very small, unicellular fungus that ferments carbohydrates…
the study of fungi
a nonreproductive filament of a fungus
mold
in biology, a fungus that grows in the form of a tangled mass…
yeast
a very small, unicellular fungus that ferments carbohydrates…
31 terms
Honors Biology: Modern Biology, Chapter 12
sex chromosome
autosome
sex-linked trait
linked gene
one of the pair of chromosomes that determine the sex of an i…
any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
a trait that is determined by a gene found on one of the sex…
one of a pair of genes that tend to be inherited together
sex chromosome
one of the pair of chromosomes that determine the sex of an i…
autosome
any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
29 terms
Honors Biology: Modern Biology, Chapter 11
gene expression
genome
structural gene
operator
the activation, or "turning on" of a gene that results in tra…
the complete genetic material contained in an indiidual
a gene that codes for a product, such as an enzyme, protein,…
a short sequence of viral or bacterial DNA to which a repress…
gene expression
the activation, or "turning on" of a gene that results in tra…
genome
the complete genetic material contained in an indiidual
41 terms
Honors Biology: Modern Biology, Chapter 18
ecology
interdependence
ecological model
biosphere
the study of the interactions between organisms and the other…
the dependence of every organism on its connections with othe…
a model that represents or describes the relationships betwee…
the part of Earth where life exists; includes all of the livi…
ecology
the study of the interactions between organisms and the other…
interdependence
the dependence of every organism on its connections with othe…
33 terms
Honors Biology: Modern Biology, Chapter 4
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
the theory that states that all living things are made up of…
the cell's outer boundary; also known as the cell membrane
the region of the cell within the membrane that includes the…
cell
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
cell theory
the theory that states that all living things are made up of…
22 terms
Honors Biology: Modern Biology, Chapter 16
microevolution
bell curve
allele frequency
Hardy-Weinburg genetic equilibrium
a change in the collective genetic material of a population
on a graph of the frequency of some variable, a curve that fi…
the proportion of gene copies in a population that are a give…
the principle that states that the frequency of alleles in a…
microevolution
a change in the collective genetic material of a population
bell curve
on a graph of the frequency of some variable, a curve that fi…
13 terms
Honors Biology: Modern Biology, Chapter 27
agriculture
cereal
root crop
legume
the raising of crops and livestock for food or for other prod…
any grass that produces grains that can be used for food, suc…
a plant root or underground stem that is rich in carbohydrate…
any plant of the family Leguminosae (Fabaceae) such as a bean…
agriculture
the raising of crops and livestock for food or for other prod…
cereal
any grass that produces grains that can be used for food, suc…
17 terms
Honors Biology: Modern Biology, Chapter 7
cellular respiration
pyruvic acid
NADH
anaerobic
the process by which cells obtain energy from carbohydrates;…
the three-carbon compound that is produced during glycolysis…
the reduced form of NAD⁺; an electron-carrying molecule that…
describes a process that does not require oxygen
cellular respiration
the process by which cells obtain energy from carbohydrates;…
pyruvic acid
the three-carbon compound that is produced during glycolysis…
33 terms
Honors Biology: Modern Biology, Chapter 23
prokaryote
peptidoglycan
methanogen
halophile
a single-celled organism that has no nucleus and has no membr…
a protein-carbohydrate compound that makes the cell walls of…
a microorganism that produces methane gas
an organism that can grow in or favors environments that have…
prokaryote
a single-celled organism that has no nucleus and has no membr…
peptidoglycan
a protein-carbohydrate compound that makes the cell walls of…
33 terms
Honors Biology: Modern Biology, Chapter 8
chromosome
histone
chromatid
centromere
in a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
a type of protein molecule found in the chromosomes of eukary…
one of the two strands of a chromosome that become visible du…
the region of the chromosome that holds the two sister chroma…
chromosome
in a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
histone
a type of protein molecule found in the chromosomes of eukary…
23 terms
Honors Biology: Modern Biology, Chapter 19
population
population density
dispersion
birth rate
a group of organisms of the same species that live in a speci…
the number of individuals of the same species that live in a…
in ecology, the pattern of distribution of organisms in a pop…
the number of births that occur in a period of time in a give…
population
a group of organisms of the same species that live in a speci…
population density
the number of individuals of the same species that live in a…
20 terms
Honors Biology: Modern Biology, Chapter 6
autotroph
photosynthesis
heterotroph
light reactions
an organism that produces its own nutrients from inorganic su…
the process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sun…
an organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
the initial reactions in photosynthesis, which are triggered…
autotroph
an organism that produces its own nutrients from inorganic su…
photosynthesis
the process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sun…
24 terms
Honors Biology: Modern Biology, Chapter 13
length polymorphism
variable number tandem repeats
polymerase chain reaction
primer
variations in the length of the DNA molecule between known ge…
length polymorphisms in noncoding regions that come from shor…
a technique that quickly produces many copies of a DNA fragment
a short, single-stranded fragment of DNA or RNA that is requi…
length polymorphism
variations in the length of the DNA molecule between known ge…
variable number tandem repeats
length polymorphisms in noncoding regions that come from shor…
45 terms
Honors Biology: Modern Biology, Chapter 1
biology
organization
cell
unicellular
the study of life
the high degree of order within an organism's internal and ex…
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
describes an organism that consists of a single cell
biology
the study of life
organization
the high degree of order within an organism's internal and ex…
46 terms
Honors Biology: Modern Biology, Chapter 2
matter
mass
element
atom
anything that has mass and takes up space
a measure of the amount of matter in an object; a fundamental…
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical p…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
mass
a measure of the amount of matter in an object; a fundamental…
20 terms
Honors Biology: Modern Biology, Chapter 24
virus
capsid
envelope
provirus
a nonliving, infectious particle composed of a nucleic acid a…
a protein sheath that surrounds the nucleic acid core in a vi…
a membranelike layer that covers the capsids of some viruses
viral DNA that has attached to a host cell's chromosome and t…
virus
a nonliving, infectious particle composed of a nucleic acid a…
capsid
a protein sheath that surrounds the nucleic acid core in a vi…
16 terms
Honors Biology: Modern Biology, Chapter 14
biogenesis
spontaneous generation
radiometric dating
isotope
the scientific principle that living organisms come only from…
an early and now disproved theory that living organisms come…
a method of determining the absolute age of an object by comp…
an atom that has the same number of protons (or the same atom…
biogenesis
the scientific principle that living organisms come only from…
spontaneous generation
an early and now disproved theory that living organisms come…
23 terms
Honors Biology: Modern Biology, Chapter 5
passive transport
diffusion
concentration gradient
equilibrium
the movement of substances across a cell membrane without the…
the movement of particles from regions of higher density to r…
a difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
in biology, a state that exists when the concentration of a s…
passive transport
the movement of substances across a cell membrane without the…
diffusion
the movement of particles from regions of higher density to r…
44 terms
Honors Biology: Modern Biology, Chapter 25
protist
binary fission
multiple fisison
conjugation
an organism that is classified as a member of kingdom Protist…
a form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
a form of cell division that produces more than two cells
in algae and fungi, an exchange of genetic material that occu…
protist
an organism that is classified as a member of kingdom Protist…
binary fission
a form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
30 terms
Honors Biology: Modern Biology, Chapter 17
biodiversity
taxonomy
taxon
kingdom
the variety of organisms considered at all levels, from popul…
the science of describing, naming, and classifying organisms
any particular group within a taxonomic system
in a traditional taxonomic system, the highest taxonomic cate…
biodiversity
the variety of organisms considered at all levels, from popul…
taxonomy
the science of describing, naming, and classifying organisms
29 terms
Honors Biology: Modern Biology, Chapter 3
organic compound
functional group
monomer
polymer
a covalently bonded molecule that contains carbon, excluding…
the portion of a molecule that is active in a chemical reacti…
a simple molecule that can combine with other like or unlike…
a large molecule that is formed by ore than five monomers, or…
organic compound
a covalently bonded molecule that contains carbon, excluding…
functional group
the portion of a molecule that is active in a chemical reacti…
32 terms
Honors Biology: Modern Biology, Chapter 9
genetics
heredity
trait
pollination
the science of heredity and of the mechanisms by which traits…
the passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring
a genetically determined variant of a characteristic
the transfer of pollen from the male reproductive structures…
genetics
the science of heredity and of the mechanisms by which traits…
heredity
the passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring
26 terms
Honors Biology: Modern Biology, Chapter 21
biome
tundra
permafrost
tropical forest
a large region characterized by a specific type of climate an…
a treeless plain that is located in the Arctic or Antarctic a…
in arctic regions, the permanently frozen layer of soil or su…
a region of forest or jungle that is located near the equator…
biome
a large region characterized by a specific type of climate an…
tundra
a treeless plain that is located in the Arctic or Antarctic a…
Modern Biology Honors Chapter 14-17
biogenesis
spontaneous generation
radioactive dating
isotopes
all living things come from other living things
idea that living things come from nonliving things
the process of measuring the absolute age of geologic materia…
atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
biogenesis
all living things come from other living things
spontaneous generation
idea that living things come from nonliving things
22 terms
Honors Biology: Modern Biology, Chapter 16
microevolution
bell curve
allele frequency
Hardy-Weinburg genetic equilibrium
a change in the collective genetic material of a population
on a graph of the frequency of some variable, a curve that fi…
the proportion of gene copies in a population that are a give…
the principle that states that the frequency of alleles in a…
microevolution
a change in the collective genetic material of a population
bell curve
on a graph of the frequency of some variable, a curve that fi…
20 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 26 - Modern Genetics
Name a type of bond between base pairs
Name the sugar in DNA
Name the sugar in RNA
Name two base pairs in DNA
Hydrogen bond
Deoxyribose
Ribose
Adenine-Thymine and Guanine-Cytosine
Name a type of bond between base pairs
Hydrogen bond
Name the sugar in DNA
Deoxyribose
44 terms
Honors Modern Biology chapter 5 test
cell theory
prokaryote
eukaryote
plant cells
Theory that cells form the fundamental, structural, and funct…
Unicellular; lacks a nucleus and organelles w/a membrane
contains a nucleus and organelles w/ a membrane
1) have cell wall 2) have chlorophyll/chloroplasts 3) large c…
cell theory
Theory that cells form the fundamental, structural, and funct…
prokaryote
Unicellular; lacks a nucleus and organelles w/a membrane
16 terms
Modern Biology Honors 10-1 Discovery of DNA
Virulent
transformation
bacteriophage
The strain of the bacterium S. pneumon…
strain of bacterium is on that causes disease
the transfer of genetic material from one cell or from one or…
a virus that infects bacteria
has a capsule
Virulent
strain of bacterium is on that causes disease
transformation
the transfer of genetic material from one cell or from one or…
77 terms
Modern Biology Honors Chapter 14-17
biogenesis
spontaneous generation
radioactive dating
isotopes
all living things come from other living things
idea that living things come from nonliving things
the process of measuring the absolute age of geologic materia…
atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
biogenesis
all living things come from other living things
spontaneous generation
idea that living things come from nonliving things
34 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 4
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane (cell membrane)
cytoplasm
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
all living things are made up of cells, cells are the basic u…
acts as a barrier between the inside and outside of the cell;…
the region of the cell within the membrane that includes the…
cell
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
cell theory
all living things are made up of cells, cells are the basic u…
52 terms
Honors Bio: Chapter 2 Modern Biology (Holt, Rinehart, and Winston)
matter
mass
weight
atom
anything that occupies space and has mass
the quantity of matter an object has
the force produced by gravity acting on mass
the simplest particle of an element that retains all of the p…
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
mass
the quantity of matter an object has
46 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 2
Matter
Mass
Element
Atom
matter Anything that has mass and takes up space.
mass A measure of the amount of matter in an object
element A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
atom (physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an ele…
Matter
matter Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Mass
mass A measure of the amount of matter in an object
9 terms
Honors Biology Modern Evolution Outline #1
population genetics
microevolution
bell curve
variations can be caused by
study of evolution through genetics
change in the gene pool of a population
graph that shows the distribution of a particular characteris…
mutations pass on to offspring, recombination of genes during…
population genetics
study of evolution through genetics
microevolution
change in the gene pool of a population
70 terms
Unit 2 honor biology flashcards (modern biology California)
Autotroph
Photosynthesis
Heterotroph
Light reactions
Inorganic substances to make organic compounds
Convert light energy from sun into chemical energy in form of…
Inorganic substances
Light energy is converted to chemical energy which is tempora…
Autotroph
Inorganic substances to make organic compounds
Photosynthesis
Convert light energy from sun into chemical energy in form of…
46 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 2
Matter
Mass
Element
Atom
matter Anything that has mass and takes up space.
mass A measure of the amount of matter in an object
element A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
atom (physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an ele…
Matter
matter Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Mass
mass A measure of the amount of matter in an object
18 terms
Classification of Organisms Modern Biology Chapter 17 Honors Biology
phylum
taxon
cladistics
phylogeny
The classification level in which classes with similar charac…
any group within a taxonomic system is called
reconstructing phylogenies by inferring relationships based o…
the evolutionary history of a species
phylum
The classification level in which classes with similar charac…
taxon
any group within a taxonomic system is called
7 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 18.2: Modern Evolutionary Classification
What is the goal of evolutionary class…
phylogeny
clade
monophyletic group
the goal of phylogenetic systematics, or evolutionary classif…
the evolutionary history of lineages
a group of species that includes a single common ancestor and…
includes a single common ancestor and all of its decendants
What is the goal of evolutionary class…
the goal of phylogenetic systematics, or evolutionary classif…
phylogeny
the evolutionary history of lineages
34 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 4
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
a concept that states that all living things are made up of c…
or cell membrane, acts as a barrier between the inside and ou…
the region of the cell within the membrane that includes the…
cell
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
cell theory
a concept that states that all living things are made up of c…
102 terms
modern biology chapter 4
nucleoplasm
nuclear envelope
phospholipid bilayer
cilia
a jellylike liquid that fills the nucleus
a double membrane that surrounds the nucleus
double layer of phospholipid molecules that makes up a plasma…
The hairlike projections on the outside of cells that move in…
nucleoplasm
a jellylike liquid that fills the nucleus
nuclear envelope
a double membrane that surrounds the nucleus
28 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 3
organic compound
functional group
monomers
polymer
made primarily of carbon atoms
clusters of atoms influencing the characteristic of most orga…
simple molecules that build carbon compounds
a molecule that consists of repeated linked units
organic compound
made primarily of carbon atoms
functional group
clusters of atoms influencing the characteristic of most orga…
45 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 1
biology
organization
cell
unicellular
the study of life
the degree of order in an organisms parts and interactions wi…
the smallest unit that can perform all life processes
describes an organism that only has one cell
biology
the study of life
organization
the degree of order in an organisms parts and interactions wi…
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