# Study sets matching "honors realidades chapter 6"

Study sets

Diagrams

Classes

Users

inverse

contrapositive

venn diagram

logically equivalent

if p, then q; if not p, then q

if p, then q; if not q, then not p

pictorially represents a conditional

neither both true or false

inverse

if p, then q; if not p, then q

contrapositive

if p, then q; if not q, then not p

electromagnetic radiation

electromagnetic spectrum

crest

trough

form of energy (radiant energy) that has wave characteristics…

range/organization of all types of radiant energy by frequency…

highest point; aka peak

lowest point

electromagnetic radiation

form of energy (radiant energy) that has wave characteristics…

electromagnetic spectrum

range/organization of all types of radiant energy by frequency…

electromagnetic radiation

electromagnetic spectrum

types of radiation

crest

form of energy (radiant energy) that has wave characteristics…

range/organization of all types of radiant energy by frequency…

-gamma rays... -x rays... -UV lights... -Visible spectrum (violet, blue…

highest point; aka peak

electromagnetic radiation

form of energy (radiant energy) that has wave characteristics…

electromagnetic spectrum

range/organization of all types of radiant energy by frequency…

Quantum

Ground state

As electrons move down levels, what hap…

Frequency of wavelength equation

smallest amount of energy an electron can get to move up an en…

normal level

it gives off energy

c(speed of light)=𝝺*v ... c=3.00x10^8 m/s

Quantum

smallest amount of energy an electron can get to move up an en…

Ground state

normal level

Glycolysis

Pyruvate

Substrate level phosphorylation

First phase of glycolysis

Means the splitting of sugar... Yields a net gain of two molecule…

ionized form of pyruvic acid

In this process, an enzyme transfers a phosphate group a subst…

Energy investment phase ... Consumes energy... Uses two molecules of…

Glycolysis

Means the splitting of sugar... Yields a net gain of two molecule…

Pyruvate

ionized form of pyruvic acid

Periodic Law

Electron connection to PT organization

Mendeleev's contributions to PT

Dobereiner's contributions to PT

The predictive ability of the PT (chemical properties begin to…

"road map" of electron orbitals

-Organized elements in order of increasing atomic mass

-Grouped elements into triads... -Properties of one element in th…

Periodic Law

The predictive ability of the PT (chemical properties begin to…

Electron connection to PT organization

"road map" of electron orbitals

Metals

Nommetals

Metalloids

Dmitri Medelev

left side of periodic table ... most of the elements in the perio…

right side of the periodic table ... solids, gasses, one liquid…

"staircase location between metals and nonmetals ... all are soid…

- periodic table in 1869

Metals

left side of periodic table ... most of the elements in the perio…

Nommetals

right side of the periodic table ... solids, gasses, one liquid…

representative particle

Seven elements normally exist as diatom…

formula unit

mole

refers to whether a substance commonly exists as atoms, ions o…

H2, N2, O2, Cl2, Br2, and I2

is the representative particle of ionic compounds

of a substance represents 6.02 x 10^23 representative particle…

representative particle

refers to whether a substance commonly exists as atoms, ions o…

Seven elements normally exist as diatom…

H2, N2, O2, Cl2, Br2, and I2

periodic law

mendeleev

groups

periods

arranging elements in order of increasing mass, exception of C…

proposed properties repeat when elements are arranged in order…

vertical columns

horizontal rows

periodic law

arranging elements in order of increasing mass, exception of C…

mendeleev

proposed properties repeat when elements are arranged in order…

Paralellograms

Rectangles

Rhombus

Square

Sum of int angles are 360 degrees... Opp sides are parallel... Opp s…

Parallelogram... 4 rt angles ... The diagonals are congruent

Parallelogram ... 4 congruent sides ... Diagonals are congruent ... The…

Parallelogram... 4 rt angles and congruent bisectors (rect.)... 4 co…

Paralellograms

Sum of int angles are 360 degrees... Opp sides are parallel... Opp s…

Rectangles

Parallelogram... 4 rt angles ... The diagonals are congruent

tube on a microscope

rotating objects

low power objective

medium power objective

Reflects light up towards the viewer's eye

Allows for quick change of objectives

First lens use when doing proper microscope work (4x)

Second lens used when doing proper microscope work (10x)

tube on a microscope

Reflects light up towards the viewer's eye

rotating objects

Allows for quick change of objectives

Atomic size

Atomic radius

Ion

Ionization energy

Periodic trend influenced by electron configuration

Defined as half the distance between adjacent nuclei any cryst…

An atom or a bonded Group of atoms that has a positive/negativ…

The energy required to remove the first electron from an Atom…

Atomic size

Periodic trend influenced by electron configuration

Atomic radius

Defined as half the distance between adjacent nuclei any cryst…

sum of measures of interior angles of a…

measure of one interior angle in a regu…

measure of one exterior angle of a regu…

definition of parallelogram

(n-2) x 180

quadrilateral with 2 pairs of parallel sides

sum of measures of interior angles of a…

(n-2) x 180

measure of one interior angle in a regu…

Quantum

Ground state

As electrons move down levels, what hap…

Frequency of wavelength equation

smallest amount of energy an electron can get to move up an en…

normal level

it gives off energy

c(speed of light)=𝝺*v ... c=3.00x10^8 m/s

Quantum

smallest amount of energy an electron can get to move up an en…

Ground state

normal level

system of linear equations

consistent

independent

dependent

two (or more) linear equations using the same variable. Also k…

a system of equations that has at least one solution

a consistent system that has exactly one solution

a consistent system that has infinite solutions

system of linear equations

two (or more) linear equations using the same variable. Also k…

consistent

a system of equations that has at least one solution

117

rhombus

parallelogram

152.3

Find the measure of ∠ADC in the parallelogram.

Given each set of vertices, give the most specific classificat…

Give the most specific classification for quadrilateral ABCD:…

Find the measure of an interior angle of a regular polygon wit…

117

Find the measure of ∠ADC in the parallelogram.

rhombus

Given each set of vertices, give the most specific classificat…

Cellular Respiration

sugars are broken down to

Metabolism

synthesis

release energy by breaking down sugars... Needs enzymes to comple…

co2 and water

two main parts: ... synthesis, Decomposition

combination of small organic molecules to form more complex mo…

Cellular Respiration

release energy by breaking down sugars... Needs enzymes to comple…

sugars are broken down to

co2 and water

photosynthesis

epidermis

mesophyll cells

chloroplasts

starts in the trees, to the leaves,

one cell thick, skin of the leaf, providing protection, contro…

fill the interior of the leaf, contain chloroplasts, where pho…

light passes through inner and outer membranes to reach the th…

photosynthesis

starts in the trees, to the leaves,

epidermis

one cell thick, skin of the leaf, providing protection, contro…

Diffusion

Concentration gradient, molecular weigh…

Slower

Faster

What is the movement of molecules from an area high concentrat…

What are the 3 factors that influence the rate of diffusion?

If a molecule has a heavier weight will it diffuse faster or s…

A steeper concentration gradient causes diffusion to move fast…

Diffusion

What is the movement of molecules from an area high concentrat…

Concentration gradient, molecular weigh…

What are the 3 factors that influence the rate of diffusion?

Wavelength

Photoautotrophs

Pigment

Chlorophyll A

The distance between each crest of a wave.

Organisms that carry out photosynthesis.

A molecule that absorbs light.

Absorbs Photon 680 in Photosystem II & light in violet-blue an…

Wavelength

The distance between each crest of a wave.

Photoautotrophs

Organisms that carry out photosynthesis.

ratio of a to b

proportion

geometric mean

scale drawing

a comparison of 2 numbers using division.

an equation that states that two ratios are equal

for two positive numbers a and b, the positive number x that s…

a drawing that is the same shape as the object it represents

ratio of a to b

a comparison of 2 numbers using division.

proportion

an equation that states that two ratios are equal

Cell Theory

Cell Wall

Centrioles

Nucleolus

Theory that organism are composed of cells and their products…

a stiff covering around the plasma membrane of certain cells,…

structure in animals cells and some others composed of cylinde…

structure in the nucleus that synthesize ribosomal RNA

Cell Theory

Theory that organism are composed of cells and their products…

Cell Wall

a stiff covering around the plasma membrane of certain cells,…

Rhombus

Rectangle

Square

Trapezoid

Has all properties of a parallelogram, four congruent sides, d…

Parallelogram with four right angles, diagonals are congruent

A parallelogram with four congruent sides and four right angle…

A quad with one pair of parallel sides

Rhombus

Has all properties of a parallelogram, four congruent sides, d…

Rectangle

Parallelogram with four right angles, diagonals are congruent

Perimeters of similar polygons

Angle-angle similarity postulate

Side-side-side similarity theorem

Side-angle-side similarity theorem

if two polygons are similar, then the ratio of their perimeter…

If two angles of one triangle are congruent to two angles of a…

If the corresponding side lengths of two triangles are proport…

If an angle of one triangle is congruent to an angle of a seco…

Perimeters of similar polygons

if two polygons are similar, then the ratio of their perimeter…

Angle-angle similarity postulate

If two angles of one triangle are congruent to two angles of a…