Study sets matching "honors science 8"

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Study sets matching "honors science 8"

21 terms
Honors Science 8
1st step in scientific method is...
2nd step in scientific method is...
3rd step in scientific method is...
4th step in scientific method is...
observation
form a hypothesis
test your hypothesis
collect data
1st step in scientific method is...
observation
2nd step in scientific method is...
form a hypothesis
36 terms
Honors Science 8
dissociation ... Dispersion... Ionization
Solute
Solvent
Dissociation
Substances can dissolve in water in what three ways?
What is being dissolved
The substance in which the solute dissolves
Process in which an ionic compound separates into ions as it…
dissociation ... Dispersion... Ionization
Substances can dissolve in water in what three ways?
Solute
What is being dissolved
Honors Science Quest #8
Ionic bonding
Covalent bonding
Metallic bonding
Anions
Transfer valence electrons
Sharing valence electrons
Electrons free to move
Negative charge ion
Ionic bonding
Transfer valence electrons
Covalent bonding
Sharing valence electrons
127 terms
Honors Earth Science 8
Astronomical Unit (AU)
Ellipse
Inner planets
Outer planets
Earth's average distance from the Sun
A flattened circle or oval: shape of a planet's orbit
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars. Rocky planets closest to the sun
Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune; All have rings and multiple…
Astronomical Unit (AU)
Earth's average distance from the Sun
Ellipse
A flattened circle or oval: shape of a planet's orbit
50 terms
Honors Science 8
Atom
Chemistry
Element
Cohesion
Smallest unit of matter that cannot be broken down
The study of the composition of matter and its properties
What is a pure substance made of one kind of atom
What is the attraction between substances of the same type
Atom
Smallest unit of matter that cannot be broken down
Chemistry
The study of the composition of matter and its properties
Science 8 Honors Exam
States of Matter Forms
Movement of Liquid Molecules
Movement of Liquid Molecules
Movement of Solid Molecules
Liquid, Gas, Solid, Plasma
Slide over & around each other
Free to move around
Vibrate
States of Matter Forms
Liquid, Gas, Solid, Plasma
Movement of Liquid Molecules
Slide over & around each other
23 terms
physical science honors- 8 vocab
matter
element
atom
compound
is a term used to describe anything that has mass and takes u…
a pure substance that cannot be broken down into simpler subs…
the smallest particle of an element that retains the chemical…
substance that contains 2 or more different elements chemical…
matter
is a term used to describe anything that has mass and takes u…
element
a pure substance that cannot be broken down into simpler subs…
Honors science finals 8
What is organic chemistry?
Similarities between proteins, lipids,…
Carb known as energy currency of body
Sat. Vs. UNsat.
Bonds to carbon yall
C,H,O... Life functions
Glucose
UNsat. Has double bond
What is organic chemistry?
Bonds to carbon yall
Similarities between proteins, lipids,…
C,H,O... Life functions
23 terms
Honors Earth Science Chapter 8
earthquake
fault
focus
seismic waves
The vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energ…
Fractures in Earth where movement has occurred.
The point within Earth where an earthquake starts.
The form taken by energy released by an earthquake.
earthquake
The vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energ…
fault
Fractures in Earth where movement has occurred.
Science Honors 8 vocab
The Fall
dominion
creation mandate
data
the important moment when man sinned early in our history
taking full responsibility for the care and management of eve…
the command God made for humans to subdue the earth & to have…
any of kind of information or observation used in an investig…
The Fall
the important moment when man sinned early in our history
dominion
taking full responsibility for the care and management of eve…
25 terms
TPS Honors Life Science Vocabulary 8
allele
carriers
crossed
dominant trait
An alternate form of a gene.
The condition of an organism carrying one recessive and one d…
Refers to the process of selectively breeding organisms with…
A trait whose characteristic is always expressed.
allele
An alternate form of a gene.
carriers
The condition of an organism carrying one recessive and one d…
123 terms
physical science 8 honors final
steps to the scientific method
independent variable
dependent variable
measurement standards
1. state the problem... 2. research and observation... 3. from a hy…
the variable you change (x-axis).... ex- fertilizer
the variable that is changed by the independent variable (y-a…
a standard is an exact quantity that people agree to use for…
steps to the scientific method
1. state the problem... 2. research and observation... 3. from a hy…
independent variable
the variable you change (x-axis).... ex- fertilizer
15 terms
Honors Science 8
covalent bond
molecule
Lewis structure
sigma bonds
chemical bond that results from sharing valence electrons
forms when 2 or more atoms bond covalently
model that uses electron dot structures to show how electrons…
single covalent bond that is formed when an electron pair is…
covalent bond
chemical bond that results from sharing valence electrons
molecule
forms when 2 or more atoms bond covalently
Honors Earth Science Ch. 8 Test Review
Nebula
Black hole
Nova
Quasar
Formation of a star begins with a cloud of interstellar gas a…
Small extremely dense object that gravity is immense (light c…
A star increasingly bright for a sudden period then returning…
Very distant active galaxies.
Nebula
Formation of a star begins with a cloud of interstellar gas a…
Black hole
Small extremely dense object that gravity is immense (light c…
41 terms
Honors science test 7-8
Subscript
Criss cross method
Empirical formula
Ionic Compounds
# of Atoms
For writing formulas... Ex. AI+3 O-2... AI2O3
The simplest whole number ratio
Between metals and non-metals... Metal + nonmetal + ide ... Ex. Pot…
Subscript
# of Atoms
Criss cross method
For writing formulas... Ex. AI+3 O-2... AI2O3
Earth Science Honors: Vocabulary 8
Aftershock
Earthquake
Elastic Rebound Hypothesis
Epicenter
A small earthquake that follows the main earthquake (p. 221)
The vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energ…
The explanation stating that when rocks are deformed, they br…
The location on Earth's surface directly above the focus, or…
Aftershock
A small earthquake that follows the main earthquake (p. 221)
Earthquake
The vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energ…
Honors 8 Science Final
galaxy
medium mass and yellow
red giant
reflected sunlight
a huge group of single stars, star systems, star clusters, du…
What size and color is our Sun?
What will be the next in the sun's life cycle?
Why is the moon visible?
galaxy
a huge group of single stars, star systems, star clusters, du…
medium mass and yellow
What size and color is our Sun?
14 terms
Science 8 Honors MOD 1a
Physical Properties
Density
Physical Change
Color
Qualties that can be observed without changing the identity o…
How tightly packed the particles are in a substance ... d=m/v
A change of matter without changing the chemical properties
Describes the specific color(s) that can be observed in a sub…
Physical Properties
Qualties that can be observed without changing the identity o…
Density
How tightly packed the particles are in a substance ... d=m/v
14 terms
Random Science Vocab - Science 8 Honors
Estimation
Precision
Accuracy
SI
Using your knowledge of something similar in size or amount t…
A description of how close measurements are to each other
Comparing your measurement to the actual or accepted value
International System of Units
Estimation
Using your knowledge of something similar in size or amount t…
Precision
A description of how close measurements are to each other
22 terms
Science 8 Honors Mod 2a
Volume
Temperature
SI Units
Graph
The amount of space, measured in a graduated cylnder in mL or…
A measure of how hot or cold something is; average kinetic en…
International System of Units, it uses multiples of 10, it is…
A visual representation of data
Volume
The amount of space, measured in a graduated cylnder in mL or…
Temperature
A measure of how hot or cold something is; average kinetic en…
14 terms
Chemistry III Science 8 Honors
Physical Change
Chemical Change
Evidence of a Chemical Reaction
Precipitate
: affects the physical properties of a substance; does not ch…
: changes a substance into a new substance; properties are di…
1. Formation of gas... 2. Change of color or odor... 3. Formation o…
: a solid formed when two clear liquids are mixed
Physical Change
: affects the physical properties of a substance; does not ch…
Chemical Change
: changes a substance into a new substance; properties are di…
Standard Units (8 Honors Science)
Giga
Mega
Kilo
Hecto
Billion
Million
Thousand
Hundred
Giga
Billion
Mega
Million
Unit 8 Honors Science Test
Average Velocity
Displacement
Average Speed
Work
m/s (direction); V1+V2/2 or P2-P1/t
m (direction); time • average velocity or change in p
m/s; Dist/t
Joules (direction); force • distance
Average Velocity
m/s (direction); V1+V2/2 or P2-P1/t
Displacement
m (direction); time • average velocity or change in p
Unit 4 Vocabulary Science 8 Honors CMSW
Convection
Air current
Ocean current
Air pressure
The movement caused within a fluid by the tendency of hotter…
predictable, common patterns of air movement due to differenc…
A directional movement of ocean water; surface currents resul…
the pressure caused by the weight of a column of air pushing…
Convection
The movement caused within a fluid by the tendency of hotter…
Air current
predictable, common patterns of air movement due to differenc…
123 terms
physical science 8 honors final
steps to the scientific method
independent variable
dependent variable
measurement standards
1. state the problem... 2. research and observation... 3. from a hy…
the variable you change (x-axis).... ex- fertilizer
the variable that is changed by the independent variable (y-a…
a standard is an exact quantity that people agree to use for…
steps to the scientific method
1. state the problem... 2. research and observation... 3. from a hy…
independent variable
the variable you change (x-axis).... ex- fertilizer
Physical Science Honors Chapter 8
which is safer to work with acids or b…
acids taste...
Fundamentally and acid is simply an
bonded with water,a positive hydrogen…
depends on concentration
sour
postitive hydrogen ion or a proton
H3O+
which is safer to work with acids or b…
depends on concentration
acids taste...
sour
5 terms
Honors Science: Unit 8 Vocab
pressure
atmospheric pressure
barometer
Boyle's Law
the ratio of a force to the area over which that force is dis…
the pressure exerted against bodies immersed in the atmospher…
any device that measures atmospheric pressure
the product of pressure and volume is a constant for a given…
pressure
the ratio of a force to the area over which that force is dis…
atmospheric pressure
the pressure exerted against bodies immersed in the atmospher…
21 terms
Honors Science 8 Chapter 12 Test
Newton's First Law of Motion
inertia
mass
mass=
Law of Inertia
the tendency of an object to resist a change in motion
amount of matter in an object
measure of inertia
Newton's First Law of Motion
Law of Inertia
inertia
the tendency of an object to resist a change in motion
15 terms
Honors Physical Science Chapter 8
Matter
Heterogeneous mixture
Homogeneous mixture
mixture
anything that has mass and occupies space
does not look the same throughout-you can see all parts of mi…
looks the same throughout
can be separated by physical means
Matter
anything that has mass and occupies space
Heterogeneous mixture
does not look the same throughout-you can see all parts of mi…
Honors Physical Science chapter 8
What kind of poles repel?
What kind of poles attract?
In what country were rocks with magnet…
Which scientist discovered that electr…
Like poles
Opposite poles
Greece
Oersted
What kind of poles repel?
Like poles
What kind of poles attract?
Opposite poles
35 terms
Unit 8 marine science honors
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Respiration
Glucose
Make energy (food) for themselves
Get energy by consuming other organisms
Process all organisms use to convert glucose to a useable ene…
Simply sugar
Autotroph
Make energy (food) for themselves
Heterotroph
Get energy by consuming other organisms
Honors Environmental Science Chapter 8
What is todays world population?
Why did China determine that it's grow…
What year did China begin their one ch…
What was the effect of Chinas one chil…
7.5 billion
because they worried they wouldn't be able to feed their enti…
1979
It decreased the population growth rate.
What is todays world population?
7.5 billion
Why did China determine that it's grow…
because they worried they wouldn't be able to feed their enti…
24 terms
Honors Science 8 Final Study Guide [Questions]
What is matter?
What constitutes matter?
What is an atomic number?
What has a negative charge?
Something that occupies a space and has mass.
Has mass and has particles in random constant motion.
The number that represents the number of protons and electron…
electrons
What is matter?
Something that occupies a space and has mass.
What constitutes matter?
Has mass and has particles in random constant motion.
27 terms
HONORS EARTH SCIENCE ch. 8-10
Continental drift
Pangaea
Sea floor spreading
Plate tectonics
When Continents drift apart
A giant supercontinent
Magma pushes land apart, cools, and makes the sea floor
Large chunks of land that can be divergent convergent or tran…
Continental drift
When Continents drift apart
Pangaea
A giant supercontinent
54 terms
Science 8 Honors Exam 2
Atom
Can an atom be broken down further and…
How is an atom identified?
Element
Most basic unit of matter
No
The number of protons in its nucleus
A pure chemical substance consisting of a single type of atom
Atom
Most basic unit of matter
Can an atom be broken down further and…
No
14 terms
chp 8 science honors vocabulary
viruses
parasite
vaccine
AIDS
microscopic particles made up of either a DNA or RNA core cov…
anything that depends on an organism or cell to survive and m…
is made from damaged particles that can't cause disease anymore
acquired immune deficiency syndrome, is a group of diseases c…
viruses
microscopic particles made up of either a DNA or RNA core cov…
parasite
anything that depends on an organism or cell to survive and m…
Honors Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
What is chemical bonding?
What is a chemical bond?
What is a valence electron?
What is an ion?
Chemical bonding is the combining of atoms to form molecules…
A chemical bond is an interaction that holds atoms or ions to…
A valence electron is an electron that is found in the outerm…
An ion is a charged particle that forms when an atom or group…
What is chemical bonding?
Chemical bonding is the combining of atoms to form molecules…
What is a chemical bond?
A chemical bond is an interaction that holds atoms or ions to…
Unit 3 Chapter 8 Earth Science Honors
Earthquake
FOCUS
EPICENTER
FAULTS
Natural vibrations of Earth's crust.
Underground point where the earthquake originates.
Surface point directly above FOCUS.
Fractures in Earth's crust and/or mantle.
Earthquake
Natural vibrations of Earth's crust.
FOCUS
Underground point where the earthquake originates.
37 terms
Honors Physical Science - Ch. 8 Notes
solution
solvent
solute
dispersion, dissociation, ionization
What is a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances?
The substance in the greatest quantity is the ________.
The substance that is dissolved in the solvent is called the…
Name the three ways substances can dissolve in water.
solution
What is a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances?
solvent
The substance in the greatest quantity is the ________.
Chapter 8 vocabulary (Physical Science Honors)
Solute
Solvent
Dissociation
Dispersion
substance whose particles are dissolved into a solution (can…
substance in which the solute dissolves to make a solution (c…
mechanism for dissolving an ionic solute, in which the compou…
mechanism for dissolving in which the solute breaks into tini…
Solute
substance whose particles are dissolved into a solution (can…
Solvent
substance in which the solute dissolves to make a solution (c…
32 terms
Earth space science honors chapter 5 & 8
The transformation of rock into one or…
The breaking of rock into smaller piec…
The rounding of rock by erosion of cor…
Climate, frequency of freeze, and spac…
What is chemical weathering?
What is mechanical weathering?
What is spheroidal weathering?
Name 3 factors that affect the rate of weathering?
The transformation of rock into one or…
What is chemical weathering?
The breaking of rock into smaller piec…
What is mechanical weathering?
32 terms
honors physical science- 8/24/16
meter; m
kilogram; Kg
seconds; s
kelvin; K
unit and abbr. for length
unit and abbr. for mass
unit and abbr. for time
unit and abbr. for temperature
meter; m
unit and abbr. for length
kilogram; Kg
unit and abbr. for mass
117 terms
Honors Science 8 6th/7th STAAR CHART
10%
Bacteria and Fungi
Elements
Molecules
The percentage of each tropic level that is transferred (the…
Two examples of decomposers.
Made up of the same type of atoms.
Made up of different types of atoms.
10%
The percentage of each tropic level that is transferred (the…
Bacteria and Fungi
Two examples of decomposers.
10 terms
Honors Science 8 Final Study Guide [Vocabulary]
Protons
Electrons
Neutrons
Atomic Mass
a subatomic particle with a positive charge
a subatomic particle with a negative charge
a subatomic particle with a neutral charge
the mass of an atom of a chemical element expressed in atomic…
Protons
a subatomic particle with a positive charge
Electrons
a subatomic particle with a negative charge
Earth Science Honors Week 8 (3/18)
Explosive (Volcano)
Cinder
Shield
Composite
Volcanic eruption with a violent explosion, fast flowing supe…
A steep, cone-shaped hill or small mountain made of volcanic…
A large volcano with gentle slopes of basaltic lavas, common…
A large, steep-sided volcano that results from explosive erup…
Explosive (Volcano)
Volcanic eruption with a violent explosion, fast flowing supe…
Cinder
A steep, cone-shaped hill or small mountain made of volcanic…
Honors Physical Science Chapters 2,3,8
Pure Substance
Element
Atom
Compound
Matter that always has the same composition
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances
The smallest particle of an element
A substance that is made from two or more simpler substances…
Pure Substance
Matter that always has the same composition
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances
62 terms
Ch. 15 Honors Physical Science 8 Grade
a type of matter with a fixed composit…
a substance made up of atoms that are…
a substance in which atoms of 2 or mor…
a mixture in which different materials…
substance
element
compound
heterogeneous mixture
a type of matter with a fixed composit…
substance
a substance made up of atoms that are…
element
42 terms
8 Grade Honors Physical Science Ch. 14
an explanation of how the particles in…
the temperature at which a solid becom…
the energy required to change a substa…
the temperature at which the pressure…
kinetic theory
melting point
heat of fusion
boiling point
an explanation of how the particles in…
kinetic theory
the temperature at which a solid becom…
melting point
9 terms
Honors Science 8 Chapter 4 Work and Power
Work
Factors that affect work
Unit of measurement for work
Formula for work
the use of for to move an object some distance
force, distance... force needs to be applied in the direction of…
Joule (J)
W= Newtons(N)*Meters(m)
Work
the use of for to move an object some distance
Factors that affect work
force, distance... force needs to be applied in the direction of…
15 terms
Marine Science Honors Ch. 8 Study Guide
Weather
Climate
Moisture in Air
What state is the earth in? (Temperatu…
Condition of the atmosphere over a short period of time
The atmospheres behavior over a relatively long period of time
Cold air holds less water. Water vapor then condenses into dr…
Thermal Equilibrium
Weather
Condition of the atmosphere over a short period of time
Climate
The atmospheres behavior over a relatively long period of time
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