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Study sets matching "honors u.s. chapter 8 us government"

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Study sets matching "honors u.s. chapter 8 us government"

18 terms
U.S. Government Honors Chapter 8
Article Constitution the Creates Natio…
Types of Courts Created by the Constit…
Jurisdiction
Original Jurisdiction
Article III
The constitution created a dual court system: alongside each…
The official power to make legal decisions and judgements. Al…
The lower federal court has the right to hear the case first.
Article Constitution the Creates Natio…
Article III
Types of Courts Created by the Constit…
The constitution created a dual court system: alongside each…
35 terms
Honors U.S. Government Chapter 8 and 9 Vocabulary
Twenty-Second Amendment
Compensation
Presidential Succession
Electoral College
Proposed in 1951, was to limit a president to two terms in of…
Salary.
The people who replace the president when the position is vac…
Established in Article 2, Section 1 of the Amendment, it prov…
Twenty-Second Amendment
Proposed in 1951, was to limit a president to two terms in of…
Compensation
Salary.
27 terms
U. S. Government chapter 8
Jurisdiction
Exclusive jurisdiction
Concurrent jurisdiction
Plaintiff
The authority to hear and decide a case. In general, state co…
The sole right to hear a case - over certain types of cases,…
Cases that fall under both state and federal jurisdiction. Ap…
Person making the legal complaint, can file his or her case i…
Jurisdiction
The authority to hear and decide a case. In general, state co…
Exclusive jurisdiction
The sole right to hear a case - over certain types of cases,…
Chapter 8 Vocab U.S. History honors
Cash crop
Farmers Alliance
Civil Rights Act Of 1875
Reservations
Cotton and Tobacco, grown by farmers and sold for cash.
American farmers in the 1870's began to organize and negotiat…
Guaranteed black patrons the right to ride trains and use pub…
Areas set aside (reserved) by the government for the Indians…
Cash crop
Cotton and Tobacco, grown by farmers and sold for cash.
Farmers Alliance
American farmers in the 1870's began to organize and negotiat…
23 terms
U.S. Government Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Compensation
Presidential Succession
Elector
Electoral Vote
salary
established as a result of the 25th Amendment; the order in w…
member of a party chosen in each state to formally elect the…
the official vote for president and vice president by elector…
Compensation
salary
Presidential Succession
established as a result of the 25th Amendment; the order in w…
14 terms
Basic Principals of the U.S. Government - Chapter 8
Articles of Confederation
Constitutional Convention
U.S. Constitution
federal republic
(1781 - 1787) The first U.S. Constitution, had a weak plan of…
Meeting in 1787 of the elected representatives of the thirtee…
"The supreme law of the land." Written in 1787 at Philadelphi…
a union of states with a republican/representative type gover…
Articles of Confederation
(1781 - 1787) The first U.S. Constitution, had a weak plan of…
Constitutional Convention
Meeting in 1787 of the elected representatives of the thirtee…
14 terms
Honors U.S. History chapter 8 vocab
Imperialism
Nationalism
Annex
Banana Republic
policy by a stronger nation to create an empire by dominating…
devotion to one's nation
join or attach
term used to describe a Central American nation dominated by…
Imperialism
policy by a stronger nation to create an empire by dominating…
Nationalism
devotion to one's nation
23 terms
U.S. History honors chapter 8
Henry bessemer
Samuel Dodd
Edwin L. Drake
John D. Rockefeller
Production of steel
Came up with the idea of a trust for the standard oil company
Drilled the first oil well near Titusville
Standard oil; vertical intergration
Henry bessemer
Production of steel
Samuel Dodd
Came up with the idea of a trust for the standard oil company
36 terms
U.S. Government Chapter 8
Original Jurisdiction
Appellant Jurisdiction
Judicial Activism
Judicial Restraint
First court that hears the cases
When a case is moved to a higher court because someone disagr…
Don't follow the Constitution
Judges that follow the Constitution
Original Jurisdiction
First court that hears the cases
Appellant Jurisdiction
When a case is moved to a higher court because someone disagr…
41 terms
U.S. Government Chapter 8
Congress
make the law
presidents; Congress
Congress was dominant during that period
The primary power of ___ is to make the law.
The primary power of Congress is to ___.
The ___ during the late 1800s, from Grant to McKinley, were w…
Why were the presidents of the late 1800s weak and barely rem…
Congress
The primary power of ___ is to make the law.
make the law
The primary power of Congress is to ___.
41 terms
Honors U.S Studies- Chapter 8
What 2 factors did Progressives believ…
What 2 solutions did efficiency progre…
Why did the suffrage movement get off…
Which amendment to the constitution gu…
Industrialization and urbanization
1. Commission plan, divided city government into several depa…
Abolishing slavery needed to be accomplished first.
19th
What 2 factors did Progressives believ…
Industrialization and urbanization
What 2 solutions did efficiency progre…
1. Commission plan, divided city government into several depa…
15 terms
U.S. Government Chapter 8
Money
War
Constitution
Case Workers, Administrative Assistant…
Congress can spend _____
Congress can declare _____
The powers of Congress are based on the goals of the ______
Congressional staff members include _____, _____, and _____.
Money
Congress can spend _____
War
Congress can declare _____
24 terms
U.S. Government Chapter 8
Compensation
Presidential Succession
Twenty-second Amendment
Twenty-fifth Amendment
Salary
The order in which officials fill the office of president in…
No one can be elected for the office of the President more th…
If the President were to die or resign, the Vice President sh…
Compensation
Salary
Presidential Succession
The order in which officials fill the office of president in…
30 terms
U.S. Government Chapter 8
Congress cooperated with business and…
Congress was so dominant.
The House of Representatives
The Constitution's framers
In the era of big business that followed the end of Reconstru…
The presidents from the Reconstruction in 1876 era are barely…
It is the more democratic of the 2 houses in that the number…
They wisely anticipating this growth and mobility, instituted…
Congress cooperated with business and…
In the era of big business that followed the end of Reconstru…
Congress was so dominant.
The presidents from the Reconstruction in 1876 era are barely…
33 terms
Chapter 8 U.S. Government
jurisdiction
exclusive jurisdiction
concurrent jurisdiction
plaintiff
an area of authority or control; the right to administer just…
authority of only federal courts to hear and decide cases
authority for both state and federal courts to hear and decid…
a person or party filing a lawsuit
jurisdiction
an area of authority or control; the right to administer just…
exclusive jurisdiction
authority of only federal courts to hear and decide cases
55 terms
U.S. Government Chapter 8
Dual Court System (State vs. Federal)
Jurisdiction
Exclusive Jurisdiction
Concurrent Jurisdiction
Federal has limited jurisdiction, while state courts are divi…
The official power to make legal judgements and decisions.
Official power to make legal decisions and judgements.
When two or more courts have jurisdiction on a case.
Dual Court System (State vs. Federal)
Federal has limited jurisdiction, while state courts are divi…
Jurisdiction
The official power to make legal judgements and decisions.
42 terms
Chapter 8 U.S. Government
Compensation
Presidential Succession
Elector
Electoral Vote
Salary.
The order in which officials fill the office of president in…
Member of a party chosen in each state to formally elect the…
The official vote for president and vice president by elector…
Compensation
Salary.
Presidential Succession
The order in which officials fill the office of president in…
26 terms
U.S. Government: Principles in Practice (Chapter 8)
Jurisdiction
exclusive jurisdiction
concurrent jurisdiction
plaintiff
a court's authority to hear and decide a case
the sole right to hear and decide a certain type of case, dep…
cases that fall under the jurisdiction of both state and fede…
the person making a legal complaint in court
Jurisdiction
a court's authority to hear and decide a case
exclusive jurisdiction
the sole right to hear and decide a certain type of case, dep…
54 terms
Chapter 8 U.S. Government
Concurrent Jurisdiction
Plaintiff
Defendant
Original jurisdiction
Refers to cases that fall under both state and federal jurisd…
Person making legal complaint
Person against whom the complaint is filed
When a case is first heard in state or federal court, the cou…
Concurrent Jurisdiction
Refers to cases that fall under both state and federal jurisd…
Plaintiff
Person making legal complaint
23 terms
U.S. Government Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Compensation
Presidential Succession
Elector
Electoral Vote
salary
established as a result of the 25th Amendment; the order in w…
member of a party chosen in each state to formally elect the…
the official vote for president and vice president by elector…
Compensation
salary
Presidential Succession
established as a result of the 25th Amendment; the order in w…
20 terms
Chapter 8 U.S. Government
what are the duties of the president?
what is the 22nd amendment?
what are some benefits of being a pres…
what is the criteria for becoming a pr…
1. commander in chief... 2. appoint top officials... 3. make treati…
allows a president to have only 2 terms
1. 400k dollars a year... 2. free travel(AirForceOne)... 3. free me…
1. natural born citizen... 2. 35 years of age ... 3. resident of U.…
what are the duties of the president?
1. commander in chief... 2. appoint top officials... 3. make treati…
what is the 22nd amendment?
allows a president to have only 2 terms
15 terms
Honors U.S Chapter 8.2 & 8.3
Jacob Riis
Ida Tarbell
Upton Sinclair
Lincoln Steffens
Reformer who became a reporter who pointed out the terrible c…
A leading muckraker and magazine editor, she exposed the corr…
muckraker who shocked the nation when he published The Jungle…
United States journalist who exposes in 1906 started an era o…
Jacob Riis
Reformer who became a reporter who pointed out the terrible c…
Ida Tarbell
A leading muckraker and magazine editor, she exposed the corr…
19 terms
U.S. Government Democracy in Action Chapter 8
Compensation
Presidential succession
22nd Amendment
25th Amendment
salary
The order in which officials fill the office of president in…
Limits the president to two terms
Established the order of succession to the presidency. Vice P…
Compensation
salary
Presidential succession
The order in which officials fill the office of president in…
15 terms
U.S. Government Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Public Affairs
Public Opinion
Mass Media
Peer Groups
Events and issues that concern the people at large
Attitudes held by a significant number of people on matters o…
Means of communication that reach large audiences, especially…
People with whom one regularly associates, including friends,…
Public Affairs
Events and issues that concern the people at large
Public Opinion
Attitudes held by a significant number of people on matters o…
U.S. Honors History Chapter 8 test
Why did the states without western lan…
weaknesses of the articles of confeder…
Problems the confederation Congress fa…
Reason for Shays rebellion
The worried that states with western land claims would become…
-could not levy or collect taxes... -could not enforce national…
-Britain barred american ships from British waters in the Car…
Farmers who could not pay taxes were loosing their lands and…
Why did the states without western lan…
The worried that states with western land claims would become…
weaknesses of the articles of confeder…
-could not levy or collect taxes... -could not enforce national…
27 terms
AP U.S. Government - Chapter 8
party competition
political party
linkage institutions
party image
- the battle of the parties for control of public offices... - u…
according to Anthony Downs, a "team of men [and women] seekin…
- the channels through which people's concerns become politic…
- the voter's perception of what the Republicans or Democrats…
party competition
- the battle of the parties for control of public offices... - u…
political party
according to Anthony Downs, a "team of men [and women] seekin…
8 terms
U.S Government Vocab Chapter 8&9
Grassroots
Independent
Patronage
Political Party
Term for an organization based on local, unprofessional support
Term for a voter who is not aligned with a political party
Practice of rewarding political supporters with government jobs
A group of people organized to influence government through w…
Grassroots
Term for an organization based on local, unprofessional support
Independent
Term for a voter who is not aligned with a political party
7 terms
Chapter 8.1-8.3- U.S History Honors
Midnight Judges
Marbury vs. Madison
Judicial Review
Wall of Separation between Church and…
Before Adams left office he signed the "judiciary act of 1801…
One of the last minute appointments that Adam made was to Wil…
Power in the constitution that gives federal courts the right…
Phrase coined by Jefferson in 1802. ... Made his belief clear th…
Midnight Judges
Before Adams left office he signed the "judiciary act of 1801…
Marbury vs. Madison
One of the last minute appointments that Adam made was to Wil…
26 terms
U.S Government principle in practice (chapter 8)
Jurisdiction
Exclusive jurisdiction
Concurrent jurisdiction
Plaintiff
a court's authority to hear and decide a case
The sole right to hear and decide a certain type of case, dep…
cases that fall under jurisdiction of state and federal courts
the person making a legal complaint in court
Jurisdiction
a court's authority to hear and decide a case
Exclusive jurisdiction
The sole right to hear and decide a certain type of case, dep…
31 terms
AP U.S. Government, Chapter 8
Part competition
Political party
Linkage institutions
Rational choice theory
The battle of the parties for control of public offices
Team of men and women seeking to control the governing appara…
The channels through which people's concerns become political…
A popular theory in political science to explain the actions…
Part competition
The battle of the parties for control of public offices
Political party
Team of men and women seeking to control the governing appara…
24 terms
Chapter 8 and 9 Vocabulary: U.S. History Honors
Poll Tax
Grandfather Clause
Segregation
Jim Crow Laws
An annual tax that formerly had to be paid in some Southern S…
A provision that exempts certain people from a law on the bas…
The separation of people in the basis of race
Laws enacted by Southern State and local governments to separ…
Poll Tax
An annual tax that formerly had to be paid in some Southern S…
Grandfather Clause
A provision that exempts certain people from a law on the bas…
30 terms
AP U.S. Government Chapter 8 vocab
Independent
political party
faction
two-party system
a voter or candidate who does not belong to any particular po…
a group of people who organize to get their group to win elec…
subgroups within parties that try to obtain power by getting…
a political system where only two parties have a reasonable c…
Independent
a voter or candidate who does not belong to any particular po…
political party
a group of people who organize to get their group to win elec…
43 terms
AP U.S. Government and Politics Chapter 8
head of state
head of government
chief administrator
cabinet
the apolitical, unifying role of the president as symbolic re…
the political role of the president as leader of a political…
the president's executive role as the head of federal agencie…
a presidential advisory group selected by the president, made…
head of state
the apolitical, unifying role of the president as symbolic re…
head of government
the political role of the president as leader of a political…
23 terms
Chapter 8 Vocabulary Honors U.S. History I Mr. Raffay
George Washington
William Howe
Nathanael Greene
Benedict Arnold
a member of the Continental Congress that was chosen to be th…
a leader of the British army who did not crush Washington in…
a quaker tactician who fought in the south, he delayed his ba…
captured Ticonderoga and Crown Point in New York, tried to at…
George Washington
a member of the Continental Congress that was chosen to be th…
William Howe
a leader of the British army who did not crush Washington in…
52 terms
Progressives (Chapter 8) Honor's US
Ida Tarbell
Jacob Riis
Jane Addams
Florence Kelley
Wrote the History of Standard Oil, exposed that Rockefeller u…
a photographer for the NY Evening Sun, photographed the urban…
opened the Chicago Hull House. inspired other college educate…
IL lawyer, convinced IL to ban child labor, 1902 she helped f…
Ida Tarbell
Wrote the History of Standard Oil, exposed that Rockefeller u…
Jacob Riis
a photographer for the NY Evening Sun, photographed the urban…
17 terms
** U.S. Government Chapter 8 Vocabulary **
Original Jurisdiction
Appellate Jurisdiction
Judicial activism
Judicial restraint
The original jurisdiction of a court is the power to hear a c…
Appellate jurisdiction is the power of a higher court to revi…
Judicial activism refers to judicial rulings suspected of bei…
Judicial restraint is a theory of judicial interpretation tha…
Original Jurisdiction
The original jurisdiction of a court is the power to hear a c…
Appellate Jurisdiction
Appellate jurisdiction is the power of a higher court to revi…
17 terms
U.S. Government Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Original Jurisdiction
Appellate Jurisdiction
Judicial activism
Judicial restraint
The original jurisdiction of a court is the power to hear a c…
Appellate jurisdiction is the power of a higher court to revi…
Judicial activism refers to judicial rulings suspected of bei…
Judicial restraint is a theory of judicial interpretation tha…
Original Jurisdiction
The original jurisdiction of a court is the power to hear a c…
Appellate Jurisdiction
Appellate jurisdiction is the power of a higher court to revi…
31 terms
Honors U.S. Government Chapter Three Vocabulary
Preamble
Articles
Supremacy Clause
Popular Sovereignty
The introduction to the constitution.
Seven divisions of the constitution.
A law or treaty is the "Supreme Law of the Land".
The majority vote wins (Law of the People).
Preamble
The introduction to the constitution.
Articles
Seven divisions of the constitution.
27 terms
Honors U.S. Government Chapter Five Vocabulary
Sessions
Census
Reapportionment
Redistricting
Meeting.
Used to find the number of people in a place every ten years.
The number of people in a state decides how many representati…
Redrawing districts according to population.
Sessions
Meeting.
Census
Used to find the number of people in a place every ten years.
24 terms
U.S. Government chapter 8 study guide
State of the union address
Twenty-fifth amendment
Presides over the senate
Twelfth amendment
speech presented by the President of the United States to a j…
Established order of succession to the presidency and spelled…
Vice president
Requires that electors cast separate ballots for president an…
State of the union address
speech presented by the President of the United States to a j…
Twenty-fifth amendment
Established order of succession to the presidency and spelled…
9 terms
U.S. Government Democracy in Action Chapter 8
Electoral College
Electors
Electoral Vote
Twelfth Amendment
how the president is chosen
people who cast votes in the Electoral College
vote cast for presidential candidate
requires different ballots for the president and vice president
Electoral College
how the president is chosen
Electors
people who cast votes in the Electoral College
18 terms
AP U.S. Government - Chapter 8
winner-take-all system
single-member district
proportional representation
Electoral College
An election system in which the candidate with the most votes…
An electoral district in which voters choose one representati…
An election system in which each party running receives the p…
The electoral system used in electing the president and vice…
winner-take-all system
An election system in which the candidate with the most votes…
single-member district
An electoral district in which voters choose one representati…
31 terms
Honors U.S. Government Chapter 1
Autocracy
Parliamentary government
unitary government
constitution
unlimited power held by a single person
God's selection of rulers of royal birth
all powers are held by the central government
body of laws establishing a government
Autocracy
unlimited power held by a single person
Parliamentary government
God's selection of rulers of royal birth
11 terms
U.S. Government Honors Chapter 4 Terms
federalism
doctrine of nullification
doctrine of secession
cooperative federalism
the federal principle or system of government
suggested that states residing within the Union have the unil…
The withdrawal from the United States of eleven southern stat…
which the national government (often the legislature) enjoys…
federalism
the federal principle or system of government
doctrine of nullification
suggested that states residing within the Union have the unil…
40 terms
Honors U.S. History Chapter 8 and 9 Vocab
Second Great Awakening
Reform Era
Horace Mann
Temperance Movement
a period of religious evangelism that began in the 1790s and…
(1830-1860) period during which thousands of Americans sought…
(1796-1859) American educator; he is considered the father of…
a social reform effort begun in the mid-1800s to encourage pe…
Second Great Awakening
a period of religious evangelism that began in the 1790s and…
Reform Era
(1830-1860) period during which thousands of Americans sought…
16 terms
Honors U.S. Government Vocabulary Chapter Ten
Bureaucrats
Department of State
Embassies
Department of Treasury
Civil Servants.
In charge of foreign policy of the U.S.
Offices of ambassadors in foreign countries.
Manages monetary resources.
Bureaucrats
Civil Servants.
Department of State
In charge of foreign policy of the U.S.
45 terms
Honors U.S Government Chapter 5
Political parties
Three elements that make up a politica…
party organization
party in government
-a group of persons who seek to control government through th…
-organization... -government... -electorate
professionals who run the party at the national, state, and l…
candidates and officeholders who hold elective or appointive…
Political parties
-a group of persons who seek to control government through th…
Three elements that make up a politica…
-organization... -government... -electorate
26 terms
Chapter 8 U.S. Government terms
jurisdiction
exclusive jurisdiction
concurrent jurisdiction
plaintiff
authority to hear and decide a case.
the sole right to hear a case.
cases that fall under both state and federal jurisdiction.
person making the legal complaint.
jurisdiction
authority to hear and decide a case.
exclusive jurisdiction
the sole right to hear a case.
28 terms
Chapter 8 : The Presidency (U.S. Government)
Presidential Duties
Term and Limits
Constitutional Requirements
Other Qualifications
Commander in chief of the nation's armed forces
Term is four years
35 years of age, a resident of the United States for 14 years…
Born a natural citizen.
Presidential Duties
Commander in chief of the nation's armed forces
Term and Limits
Term is four years
17 terms
U.S. Government: Chapter 8 Vocab
public affairs
public opinion
mass media
peer group
those events and issues that concern the people at large; e.g…
the complex collection of the opinions of many different peop…
those means of communication that reach large audiences, espe…
people with whom one regularly associates, including friends,…
public affairs
those events and issues that concern the people at large; e.g…
public opinion
the complex collection of the opinions of many different peop…
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