Study sets matching "honors u.s. chapter 8 us government"

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Study sets matching "honors u.s. chapter 8 us government"

18 terms
U.S. Government Honors Chapter 8
Article Constitution the Creates Natio…
Types of Courts Created by the Constit…
Jurisdiction
Original Jurisdiction
Article III
The constitution created a dual court system: alongside each…
The official power to make legal decisions and judgements. Al…
The lower federal court has the right to hear the case first.
Article Constitution the Creates Natio…
Article III
Types of Courts Created by the Constit…
The constitution created a dual court system: alongside each…
35 terms
Honors U.S. Government Chapter 8 and 9 Vocabulary
Twenty-Second Amendment
Compensation
Presidential Succession
Electoral College
Proposed in 1951, was to limit a president to two terms in of…
Salary.
The people who replace the president when the position is vac…
Established in Article 2, Section 1 of the Amendment, it prov…
Twenty-Second Amendment
Proposed in 1951, was to limit a president to two terms in of…
Compensation
Salary.
27 terms
U. S. Government chapter 8
Jurisdiction
Exclusive jurisdiction
Concurrent jurisdiction
Plaintiff
The authority to hear and decide a case. In general, state co…
The sole right to hear a case - over certain types of cases,…
Cases that fall under both state and federal jurisdiction. Ap…
Person making the legal complaint, can file his or her case i…
Jurisdiction
The authority to hear and decide a case. In general, state co…
Exclusive jurisdiction
The sole right to hear a case - over certain types of cases,…
Chapter 8 Vocab U.S. History honors
Cash crop
Farmers Alliance
Civil Rights Act Of 1875
Reservations
Cotton and Tobacco, grown by farmers and sold for cash.
American farmers in the 1870's began to organize and negotiat…
Guaranteed black patrons the right to ride trains and use pub…
Areas set aside (reserved) by the government for the Indians…
Cash crop
Cotton and Tobacco, grown by farmers and sold for cash.
Farmers Alliance
American farmers in the 1870's began to organize and negotiat…
23 terms
U.S. Government Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Compensation
Presidential Succession
Elector
Electoral Vote
salary
established as a result of the 25th Amendment; the order in w…
member of a party chosen in each state to formally elect the…
the official vote for president and vice president by elector…
Compensation
salary
Presidential Succession
established as a result of the 25th Amendment; the order in w…
14 terms
Basic Principals of the U.S. Government - Chapter 8
Articles of Confederation
Constitutional Convention
U.S. Constitution
federal republic
(1781 - 1787) The first U.S. Constitution, had a weak plan of…
Meeting in 1787 of the elected representatives of the thirtee…
"The supreme law of the land." Written in 1787 at Philadelphi…
a union of states with a republican/representative type gover…
Articles of Confederation
(1781 - 1787) The first U.S. Constitution, had a weak plan of…
Constitutional Convention
Meeting in 1787 of the elected representatives of the thirtee…
U.S. Government Chapter 8
Original Jurisdiction
Appellant Jurisdiction
Judicial Activism
Judicial Restraint
First court that hears the cases
When a case is moved to a higher court because someone disagr…
Don't follow the Constitution
Judges that follow the Constitution
Original Jurisdiction
First court that hears the cases
Appellant Jurisdiction
When a case is moved to a higher court because someone disagr…
U.S. History honors chapter 8
Henry bessemer
Samuel Dodd
Edwin L. Drake
John D. Rockefeller
Production of steel
Came up with the idea of a trust for the standard oil company
Drilled the first oil well near Titusville
Standard oil; vertical intergration
Henry bessemer
Production of steel
Samuel Dodd
Came up with the idea of a trust for the standard oil company
20 terms
U.S. Government Chapter 8
Bill of Rights
Civil liberties
Civil rights
Alien
the first ten amendments to the constitution
the guarantees of the safety of persons, opinions, and proper…
a term used for those positive acts of government that seek t…
a foreign-born resident, or noncitizen
Bill of Rights
the first ten amendments to the constitution
Civil liberties
the guarantees of the safety of persons, opinions, and proper…
Chapter 8 U.S. Government
jurisdiction
exclusive jurisdiction
concurrent jurisdiction
plaintiff
an area of authority or control; the right to administer just…
authority of only federal courts to hear and decide cases
authority for both state and federal courts to hear and decid…
a person or party filing a lawsuit
jurisdiction
an area of authority or control; the right to administer just…
exclusive jurisdiction
authority of only federal courts to hear and decide cases
39 terms
Chapter 8 & Constitution Honors U.S. History 1
Articles of Confederation
Antifederalists
Shay's Rebellion
Republic
the first government of the united states was established by…
A group known as ______________ opposed ratification of the c…
Angered by new taxes, farmers attached the courts in Massachu…
In a ______________, the people elect representatives to gove…
Articles of Confederation
the first government of the united states was established by…
Antifederalists
A group known as ______________ opposed ratification of the c…
U.S. Government Chapter 8
Dual Court System (State vs. Federal)
Jurisdiction
Exclusive Jurisdiction
Concurrent Jurisdiction
Federal has limited jurisdiction, while state courts are divi…
The official power to make legal judgements and decisions.
Official power to make legal decisions and judgements.
When two or more courts have jurisdiction on a case.
Dual Court System (State vs. Federal)
Federal has limited jurisdiction, while state courts are divi…
Jurisdiction
The official power to make legal judgements and decisions.
30 terms
U.S. Government Chapter 8
Congress cooperated with business and…
Congress was so dominant.
The House of Representatives
The Constitution's framers
In the era of big business that followed the end of Reconstru…
The presidents from the Reconstruction in 1876 era are barely…
It is the more democratic of the 2 houses in that the number…
They wisely anticipating this growth and mobility, instituted…
Congress cooperated with business and…
In the era of big business that followed the end of Reconstru…
Congress was so dominant.
The presidents from the Reconstruction in 1876 era are barely…
Chapter 8 U.S. Government
Compensation
Presidential Succession
Elector
Electoral Vote
Salary.
The order in which officials fill the office of president in…
Member of a party chosen in each state to formally elect the…
The official vote for president and vice president by elector…
Compensation
Salary.
Presidential Succession
The order in which officials fill the office of president in…
54 terms
Chapter 8 U.S. Government
Concurrent Jurisdiction
Plaintiff
Defendant
Original jurisdiction
Refers to cases that fall under both state and federal jurisd…
Person making legal complaint
Person against whom the complaint is filed
When a case is first heard in state or federal court, the cou…
Concurrent Jurisdiction
Refers to cases that fall under both state and federal jurisd…
Plaintiff
Person making legal complaint
41 terms
U.S. Government Chapter 8
Congress
make the law
presidents; Congress
Congress was dominant during that period
The primary power of ___ is to make the law.
The primary power of Congress is to ___.
The ___ during the late 1800s, from Grant to McKinley, were w…
Why were the presidents of the late 1800s weak and barely rem…
Congress
The primary power of ___ is to make the law.
make the law
The primary power of Congress is to ___.
U.S. Government Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Public Affairs
Public Opinion
Mass Media
Peer Groups
Events and issues that concern the people at large
Attitudes held by a significant number of people on matters o…
Means of communication that reach large audiences, especially…
People with whom one regularly associates, including friends,…
Public Affairs
Events and issues that concern the people at large
Public Opinion
Attitudes held by a significant number of people on matters o…
23 terms
U.S. Government Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Compensation
Presidential Succession
Elector
Electoral Vote
salary
established as a result of the 25th Amendment; the order in w…
member of a party chosen in each state to formally elect the…
the official vote for president and vice president by elector…
Compensation
salary
Presidential Succession
established as a result of the 25th Amendment; the order in w…
41 terms
Honors U.S Studies- Chapter 8
What 2 factors did Progressives believ…
What 2 solutions did efficiency progre…
Why did the suffrage movement get off…
Which amendment to the constitution gu…
Industrialization and urbanization
1. Commission plan, divided city government into several depa…
Abolishing slavery needed to be accomplished first.
19th
What 2 factors did Progressives believ…
Industrialization and urbanization
What 2 solutions did efficiency progre…
1. Commission plan, divided city government into several depa…
20 terms
Chapter 8 U.S. Government
what are the duties of the president?
what is the 22nd amendment?
what are some benefits of being a pres…
what is the criteria for becoming a pr…
1. commander in chief... 2. appoint top officials... 3. make treati…
allows a president to have only 2 terms
1. 400k dollars a year... 2. free travel(AirForceOne)... 3. free me…
1. natural born citizen... 2. 35 years of age ... 3. resident of U.…
what are the duties of the president?
1. commander in chief... 2. appoint top officials... 3. make treati…
what is the 22nd amendment?
allows a president to have only 2 terms
15 terms
U.S. Government Chapter 8
Money
War
Constitution
Case Workers, Administrative Assistant…
Congress can spend _____
Congress can declare _____
The powers of Congress are based on the goals of the ______
Congressional staff members include _____, _____, and _____.
Money
Congress can spend _____
War
Congress can declare _____
15 terms
Honors U.S Chapter 8.2 & 8.3
Jacob Riis
Ida Tarbell
Upton Sinclair
Lincoln Steffens
Reformer who became a reporter who pointed out the terrible c…
A leading muckraker and magazine editor, she exposed the corr…
muckraker who shocked the nation when he published The Jungle…
United States journalist who exposes in 1906 started an era o…
Jacob Riis
Reformer who became a reporter who pointed out the terrible c…
Ida Tarbell
A leading muckraker and magazine editor, she exposed the corr…
24 terms
U.S. Government Chapter 8
Compensation
Presidential Succession
Twenty-second Amendment
Twenty-fifth Amendment
Salary
The order in which officials fill the office of president in…
No one can be elected for the office of the President more th…
If the President were to die or resign, the Vice President sh…
Compensation
Salary
Presidential Succession
The order in which officials fill the office of president in…
27 terms
AP U.S. Government - Chapter 8
party competition
political party
linkage institutions
party image
- the battle of the parties for control of public offices... - u…
according to Anthony Downs, a "team of men [and women] seekin…
- the channels through which people's concerns become politic…
- the voter's perception of what the Republicans or Democrats…
party competition
- the battle of the parties for control of public offices... - u…
political party
according to Anthony Downs, a "team of men [and women] seekin…
U.S Government Vocab Chapter 8&9
Grassroots
Independent
Patronage
Political Party
Term for an organization based on local, unprofessional support
Term for a voter who is not aligned with a political party
Practice of rewarding political supporters with government jobs
A group of people organized to influence government through w…
Grassroots
Term for an organization based on local, unprofessional support
Independent
Term for a voter who is not aligned with a political party
22 terms
Honors U.S. Study Guide Chapter 8 Stoffl
Progressivism
Muckraker:
Lincoln Steffens
Ida Tarbell
a movement for a better, more equal society.
Journalists that revealed the ills of American... society and so…
Editor of McClure's magazine... Published The Shame of the Citie…
Exposed that JDR used ruthless methods to ruin his competitor…
Progressivism
a movement for a better, more equal society.
Muckraker:
Journalists that revealed the ills of American... society and so…
19 terms
U.S. Government Democracy in Action Chapter 8
Compensation
Presidential succession
22nd Amendment
25th Amendment
salary
The order in which officials fill the office of president in…
Limits the president to two terms
Established the order of succession to the presidency. Vice P…
Compensation
salary
Presidential succession
The order in which officials fill the office of president in…
26 terms
U.S. Government: Principles in Practice (Chapter 8)
Jurisdiction
exclusive jurisdiction
concurrent jurisdiction
plaintiff
a court's authority to hear and decide a case
the sole right to hear and decide a certain type of case, dep…
cases that fall under the jurisdiction of both state and fede…
the person making a legal complaint in court
Jurisdiction
a court's authority to hear and decide a case
exclusive jurisdiction
the sole right to hear and decide a certain type of case, dep…
11 terms
Chapter 8 & Constitution Honors U.S. History 1: Completion
- Could not levy taxes... - Could not reg…
Northwest Ordinance
The people
Through Republicanism
Three weaknesses or failures if the articles of Confederation.
One strength or success of the Articles of Confederation.
Who gives the government its power?
How are people's views represented in Government?
- Could not levy taxes... - Could not reg…
Three weaknesses or failures if the articles of Confederation.
Northwest Ordinance
One strength or success of the Articles of Confederation.
30 terms
AP U.S. Government Chapter 8 vocab
Independent
political party
faction
two-party system
a voter or candidate who does not belong to any particular po…
a group of people who organize to get their group to win elec…
subgroups within parties that try to obtain power by getting…
a political system where only two parties have a reasonable c…
Independent
a voter or candidate who does not belong to any particular po…
political party
a group of people who organize to get their group to win elec…
23 terms
Chapter 8 Vocabulary Honors U.S. History I Mr. Raffay
George Washington
William Howe
Nathanael Greene
Benedict Arnold
a member of the Continental Congress that was chosen to be th…
a leader of the British army who did not crush Washington in…
a quaker tactician who fought in the south, he delayed his ba…
captured Ticonderoga and Crown Point in New York, tried to at…
George Washington
a member of the Continental Congress that was chosen to be th…
William Howe
a leader of the British army who did not crush Washington in…
Chapter 8.1-8.3- U.S History Honors
Midnight Judges
Marbury vs. Madison
Judicial Review
Wall of Separation between Church and…
Before Adams left office he signed the "judiciary act of 1801…
One of the last minute appointments that Adam made was to Wil…
Power in the constitution that gives federal courts the right…
Phrase coined by Jefferson in 1802. ... Made his belief clear th…
Midnight Judges
Before Adams left office he signed the "judiciary act of 1801…
Marbury vs. Madison
One of the last minute appointments that Adam made was to Wil…
AP U.S. Government and Politics Chapter 8
head of state
head of government
chief administrator
cabinet
the apolitical, unifying role of the president as symbolic re…
the political role of the president as leader of a political…
the president's executive role as the head of federal agencie…
a presidential advisory group selected by the president, made…
head of state
the apolitical, unifying role of the president as symbolic re…
head of government
the political role of the president as leader of a political…
U.S. Government Democracy in Action Chapter 8
Electoral College
Electors
Electoral Vote
Twelfth Amendment
how the president is chosen
people who cast votes in the Electoral College
vote cast for presidential candidate
requires different ballots for the president and vice president
Electoral College
how the president is chosen
Electors
people who cast votes in the Electoral College
26 terms
[AP] U.S. Government Chapter 8 Vocabulary
party competition
political party
linkage institutions
rational-choice theory
the battle of the parties for control of public offices. Ups…
according to Anthony Downs, a "team of men [and women] seekin…
the channels through which people's concerns become political…
a popular theory in politcial science to explain the actions…
party competition
the battle of the parties for control of public offices. Ups…
political party
according to Anthony Downs, a "team of men [and women] seekin…
U.S. Government Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Original Jurisdiction
Appellate Jurisdiction
Judicial activism
Judicial restraint
The original jurisdiction of a court is the power to hear a c…
Appellate jurisdiction is the power of a higher court to revi…
Judicial activism refers to judicial rulings suspected of bei…
Judicial restraint is a theory of judicial interpretation tha…
Original Jurisdiction
The original jurisdiction of a court is the power to hear a c…
Appellate Jurisdiction
Appellate jurisdiction is the power of a higher court to revi…
** U.S. Government Chapter 8 Vocabulary **
Original Jurisdiction
Appellate Jurisdiction
Judicial activism
Judicial restraint
The original jurisdiction of a court is the power to hear a c…
Appellate jurisdiction is the power of a higher court to revi…
Judicial activism refers to judicial rulings suspected of bei…
Judicial restraint is a theory of judicial interpretation tha…
Original Jurisdiction
The original jurisdiction of a court is the power to hear a c…
Appellate Jurisdiction
Appellate jurisdiction is the power of a higher court to revi…
17 terms
U.S. Government: Chapter 8 Vocab
public affairs
public opinion
mass media
peer group
those events and issues that concern the people at large; e.g…
the complex collection of the opinions of many different peop…
those means of communication that reach large audiences, espe…
people with whom one regularly associates, including friends,…
public affairs
those events and issues that concern the people at large; e.g…
public opinion
the complex collection of the opinions of many different peop…
40 terms
Honors U.S. History Chapter 8 and 9 Vocab
Second Great Awakening
Reform Era
Horace Mann
Temperance Movement
a period of religious evangelism that began in the 1790s and…
(1830-1860) period during which thousands of Americans sought…
(1796-1859) American educator; he is considered the father of…
a social reform effort begun in the mid-1800s to encourage pe…
Second Great Awakening
a period of religious evangelism that began in the 1790s and…
Reform Era
(1830-1860) period during which thousands of Americans sought…
5 terms
Chapter 8 Emerging World Power People U.S. History Honors
Mahan
Commodore Dewey
General Weylar
Amelio Aguinaldo
Admeral in the Navy... and Influenced the U.S. to strengthen our…
Began trading with Japan and attacked the Spanish Navy
Forced thousands of Spaniards into concentration camps
Brought the Philippine rebellion to an end
Mahan
Admeral in the Navy... and Influenced the U.S. to strengthen our…
Commodore Dewey
Began trading with Japan and attacked the Spanish Navy
18 terms
AP U.S. Government - Chapter 8
winner-take-all system
single-member district
proportional representation
Electoral College
An election system in which the candidate with the most votes…
An electoral district in which voters choose one representati…
An election system in which each party running receives the p…
The electoral system used in electing the president and vice…
winner-take-all system
An election system in which the candidate with the most votes…
single-member district
An electoral district in which voters choose one representati…
31 terms
Honors U.S. Government Chapter 1
Autocracy
Parliamentary government
unitary government
constitution
unlimited power held by a single person
God's selection of rulers of royal birth
all powers are held by the central government
body of laws establishing a government
Autocracy
unlimited power held by a single person
Parliamentary government
God's selection of rulers of royal birth
30 terms
AP U.S. Government Chapter 8 vocab
Independent
political party
faction
two-party system
a voter or candidate who does not belong to any particular po…
a group of people who organize to get their group to win elec…
subgroups within parties that try to obtain power by getting…
a political system where only two parties have a reasonable c…
Independent
a voter or candidate who does not belong to any particular po…
political party
a group of people who organize to get their group to win elec…
31 terms
AP U.S. Government: Chapter 8
Political Socialization
Attitudes
Selective Exposure
Deliberation
The process by which we develop our political attitudes, valu…
An individual's propensity to perceive, interpret, or act tow…
Individuals choosing to access media with which they agree or…
The idea of people coming together, listening to each other,…
Political Socialization
The process by which we develop our political attitudes, valu…
Attitudes
An individual's propensity to perceive, interpret, or act tow…
45 terms
Honors U.S Government Chapter 5
Political parties
Three elements that make up a politica…
party organization
party in government
-a group of persons who seek to control government through th…
-organization... -government... -electorate
professionals who run the party at the national, state, and l…
candidates and officeholders who hold elective or appointive…
Political parties
-a group of persons who seek to control government through th…
Three elements that make up a politica…
-organization... -government... -electorate
31 terms
Honors U.S. Government Chapter Three Vocabulary
Preamble
Articles
Supremacy Clause
Popular Sovereignty
The introduction to the constitution.
Seven divisions of the constitution.
A law or treaty is the "Supreme Law of the Land".
The majority vote wins (Law of the People).
Preamble
The introduction to the constitution.
Articles
Seven divisions of the constitution.
27 terms
Honors U.S. Government Chapter Five Vocabulary
Sessions
Census
Reapportionment
Redistricting
Meeting.
Used to find the number of people in a place every ten years.
The number of people in a state decides how many representati…
Redrawing districts according to population.
Sessions
Meeting.
Census
Used to find the number of people in a place every ten years.
28 terms
Chapter 8 : The Presidency (U.S. Government)
Presidential Duties
Term and Limits
Constitutional Requirements
Other Qualifications
Commander in chief of the nation's armed forces
Term is four years
35 years of age, a resident of the United States for 14 years…
Born a natural citizen.
Presidential Duties
Commander in chief of the nation's armed forces
Term and Limits
Term is four years
AP U.S. Government and Politics: Chapter 8
winner-take-all system
single-member district
proportional represention
Electoral College
An election system in which the candidate with the most votes…
An electoral district in which voters choose one representati…
An election system in which each party running receives propo…
The electoral system used in electing the president and vice…
winner-take-all system
An election system in which the candidate with the most votes…
single-member district
An electoral district in which voters choose one representati…
16 terms
Honors U.S. Government Vocabulary Chapter Ten
Bureaucrats
Department of State
Embassies
Department of Treasury
Civil Servants.
In charge of foreign policy of the U.S.
Offices of ambassadors in foreign countries.
Manages monetary resources.
Bureaucrats
Civil Servants.
Department of State
In charge of foreign policy of the U.S.
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