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Study sets matching "honors u.s. chapter 8"

Chapter 8 Vocab U.S. History honors
Cash crop
Farmers Alliance
Civil Rights Act Of 1875
Reservations
Cotton and Tobacco, grown by farmers and sold for cash.
American farmers in the 1870's began to organize and negotiat…
Guaranteed black patrons the right to ride trains and use pub…
Areas set aside (reserved) by the government for the Indians…
Cash crop
Cotton and Tobacco, grown by farmers and sold for cash.
Farmers Alliance
American farmers in the 1870's began to organize and negotiat…
14 terms
Honors U.S. History chapter 8 vocab
Imperialism
Nationalism
Annex
Banana Republic
policy by a stronger nation to create an empire by dominating…
devotion to one's nation
join or attach
term used to describe a Central American nation dominated by…
Imperialism
policy by a stronger nation to create an empire by dominating…
Nationalism
devotion to one's nation
18 terms
U.S. Government Honors Chapter 8
Article Constitution the Creates Natio…
Types of Courts Created by the Constit…
Jurisdiction
Original Jurisdiction
Article III
The constitution created a dual court system: alongside each…
The official power to make legal decisions and judgements. Al…
The lower federal court has the right to hear the case first.
Article Constitution the Creates Natio…
Article III
Types of Courts Created by the Constit…
The constitution created a dual court system: alongside each…
23 terms
U.S. History honors chapter 8
Henry bessemer
Samuel Dodd
Edwin L. Drake
John D. Rockefeller
Production of steel
Came up with the idea of a trust for the standard oil company
Drilled the first oil well near Titusville
Standard oil; vertical intergration
Henry bessemer
Production of steel
Samuel Dodd
Came up with the idea of a trust for the standard oil company
41 terms
Honors U.S Studies- Chapter 8
What 2 factors did Progressives believ…
What 2 solutions did efficiency progre…
Why did the suffrage movement get off…
Which amendment to the constitution gu…
Industrialization and urbanization
1. Commission plan, divided city government into several depa…
Abolishing slavery needed to be accomplished first.
19th
What 2 factors did Progressives believ…
Industrialization and urbanization
What 2 solutions did efficiency progre…
1. Commission plan, divided city government into several depa…
15 terms
Honors U.S Chapter 8.2 & 8.3
Jacob Riis
Ida Tarbell
Upton Sinclair
Lincoln Steffens
Reformer who became a reporter who pointed out the terrible c…
A leading muckraker and magazine editor, she exposed the corr…
muckraker who shocked the nation when he published The Jungle…
United States journalist who exposes in 1906 started an era o…
Jacob Riis
Reformer who became a reporter who pointed out the terrible c…
Ida Tarbell
A leading muckraker and magazine editor, she exposed the corr…
U.S. Honors History Chapter 8 test
Why did the states without western lan…
weaknesses of the articles of confeder…
Problems the confederation Congress fa…
Reason for Shays rebellion
The worried that states with western land claims would become…
-could not levy or collect taxes... -could not enforce national…
-Britain barred american ships from British waters in the Car…
Farmers who could not pay taxes were loosing their lands and…
Why did the states without western lan…
The worried that states with western land claims would become…
weaknesses of the articles of confeder…
-could not levy or collect taxes... -could not enforce national…
24 terms
Chapter 8 and 9 Vocabulary: U.S. History Honors
Poll Tax
Grandfather Clause
Segregation
Jim Crow Laws
An annual tax that formerly had to be paid in some Southern S…
A provision that exempts certain people from a law on the bas…
The separation of people in the basis of race
Laws enacted by Southern State and local governments to separ…
Poll Tax
An annual tax that formerly had to be paid in some Southern S…
Grandfather Clause
A provision that exempts certain people from a law on the bas…
35 terms
Honors U.S. Government Chapter 8 and 9 Vocabulary
Twenty-Second Amendment
Compensation
Presidential Succession
Electoral College
Proposed in 1951, was to limit a president to two terms in of…
Salary.
The people who replace the president when the position is vac…
Established in Article 2, Section 1 of the Amendment, it prov…
Twenty-Second Amendment
Proposed in 1951, was to limit a president to two terms in of…
Compensation
Salary.
23 terms
Chapter 8 Vocabulary Honors U.S. History I Mr. Raffay
George Washington
William Howe
Nathanael Greene
Benedict Arnold
a member of the Continental Congress that was chosen to be th…
a leader of the British army who did not crush Washington in…
a quaker tactician who fought in the south, he delayed his ba…
captured Ticonderoga and Crown Point in New York, tried to at…
George Washington
a member of the Continental Congress that was chosen to be th…
William Howe
a leader of the British army who did not crush Washington in…
30 terms
U.S. History Chapter 8
Charles Grandison Finney
Second Great Awakening
Revival
Ralph Waldo Emerson
The most famous preacher of the era, inspired emotional relig…
A religious revival movement; emphasized individual responsib…
An emotional meeting designed to awaken religious faith.
A New England writer, led a group practicing transcendentalism.
Charles Grandison Finney
The most famous preacher of the era, inspired emotional relig…
Second Great Awakening
A religious revival movement; emphasized individual responsib…
40 terms
Honors U.S. History Chapter 8 and 9 Vocab
Second Great Awakening
Reform Era
Horace Mann
Temperance Movement
a period of religious evangelism that began in the 1790s and…
(1830-1860) period during which thousands of Americans sought…
(1796-1859) American educator; he is considered the father of…
a social reform effort begun in the mid-1800s to encourage pe…
Second Great Awakening
a period of religious evangelism that began in the 1790s and…
Reform Era
(1830-1860) period during which thousands of Americans sought…
24 terms
U.S. History Honors: Chapter 8, "Pop Quiz"
What year did George Washington become…
Who was vice president?
What was the capital city?
What was the largest city?
1789
John Adams
New York
Philadelphia
What year did George Washington become…
1789
Who was vice president?
John Adams
7 terms
Chapter 8.1-8.3- U.S History Honors
Midnight Judges
Marbury vs. Madison
Judicial Review
Wall of Separation between Church and…
Before Adams left office he signed the "judiciary act of 1801…
One of the last minute appointments that Adam made was to Wil…
Power in the constitution that gives federal courts the right…
Phrase coined by Jefferson in 1802. ... Made his belief clear th…
Midnight Judges
Before Adams left office he signed the "judiciary act of 1801…
Marbury vs. Madison
One of the last minute appointments that Adam made was to Wil…
30 terms
U.S. History Chapter 8
Charles Grandison Finney
Second Great Awakening
Revival
Ralph Waldo Emerson
The most famous preacher of the era, inspired emotional relig…
A religious revival movement; emphasized individual responsib…
a religious gathering that relied on emotional sermons to awa…
A New England writer, led a group practicing transcendentalism.
Charles Grandison Finney
The most famous preacher of the era, inspired emotional relig…
Second Great Awakening
A religious revival movement; emphasized individual responsib…
30 terms
U.S. History Chapter 8 Vocab
Muckraker
Direct Primary
Intiative
Referendum
A group of investigative reporters who pointed out the abuses…
An election in which party members select people to run in th…
Allows citizens to propose laws to the ballot
Procedure for submitting to popular vote measures passed by t…
Muckraker
A group of investigative reporters who pointed out the abuses…
Direct Primary
An election in which party members select people to run in th…
13 terms
U.S. Honors Chapter 8,9,10 Test
Republican Marriages
Republican Motherhood
Education (Republican)
North
Sentimentalism and "married for love", emotional attachment,…
Ideology that it was important for women to raise children wi…
State money ($) funded this, built schools, more schools in t…
1830- the majority of people in this part of U.S. are literat…
Republican Marriages
Sentimentalism and "married for love", emotional attachment,…
Republican Motherhood
Ideology that it was important for women to raise children wi…
52 terms
U.S. History Chapter 8
Popular Sovereignty
Republicanism
Representative Democracy
Federalism
A gov. which people rule, govs. authorit comes from people
Instead of a king, the people will rule, gov. gets authority…
People vote for their representatives (republicanism)
A system of gov. in which the states and national gov. share…
Popular Sovereignty
A gov. which people rule, govs. authorit comes from people
Republicanism
Instead of a king, the people will rule, gov. gets authority…
21 terms
U.S. History Chapter 8
Louis Sullivan
Daniel Burnham
Frederick Law Olmsted
Orville and Wilbur Wright
American architect and has often been called the "father of s…
American Architect and urban designer. He was the director of…
American landscape architect, journalist, social critic and p…
Two American brothers, inventors, and aviation pioneers who a…
Louis Sullivan
American architect and has often been called the "father of s…
Daniel Burnham
American Architect and urban designer. He was the director of…
31 terms
Honors U.S History Chapter 8.1, 8.2, 8.3
Muckrakers
Jacob Riis
Robert La Follette
Direct primary
1st people to articulate progressive ideas were crusading jou…
"How the Other Half Lives"
Republican governor from Wisconsin who became a model of prog…
La foliate pressured state legislator into passing this law,…
Muckrakers
1st people to articulate progressive ideas were crusading jou…
Jacob Riis
"How the Other Half Lives"
16 terms
U.S. History - Chapter 8
Warren G. Harding
Calvin Coolidge
Robert La Follette
assembly line
president (1920-23) who promised "normalcy" after WWI, but wh…
president (1923-28) who said, "The chief business of the Amer…
as a third-party candidate in 1924 for the Progressive Party,…
it split up the work into small tasks that required less skil…
Warren G. Harding
president (1920-23) who promised "normalcy" after WWI, but wh…
Calvin Coolidge
president (1923-28) who said, "The chief business of the Amer…
27 terms
U. S. Government chapter 8
Jurisdiction
Exclusive jurisdiction
Concurrent jurisdiction
Plaintiff
The authority to hear and decide a case. In general, state co…
The sole right to hear a case - over certain types of cases,…
Cases that fall under both state and federal jurisdiction. Ap…
Person making the legal complaint, can file his or her case i…
Jurisdiction
The authority to hear and decide a case. In general, state co…
Exclusive jurisdiction
The sole right to hear a case - over certain types of cases,…
lancon chapter 8 honors (Jolie's copy)
energy
1st law of therodynamics
2nd law of therodynamics
how do autotrophs obtain energy?
ability to do work
energy can be converted from one form to another, but it cann…
energy can't be converted without the loss of energy
from the sun, they are able to trap the light energy in sunli…
energy
ability to do work
1st law of therodynamics
energy can be converted from one form to another, but it cann…
22 terms
Honors U.S. Colonial Ch 8
Great Irish Famine
push-pull model of immigration
nativism
Know-Nothings
period in Ireland during the mid 1880s, when a blight on the…
example of immigration where factors that cause people to lea…
an opposition to immigration by the citizens living in a coun…
a mid-1800s secret anti-immigration fraternal organization; t…
Great Irish Famine
period in Ireland during the mid 1880s, when a blight on the…
push-pull model of immigration
example of immigration where factors that cause people to lea…
36 terms
Honors Bio Chapter 8
genetic counseling
karyotyping
amniocentesis
Chorionic villi sampling
the process of informing a person or couple about their genet…
the process of sorting chromosomes into their matched pairs.…
A technique of prenatal diagnosis in which amniotic fluid, ob…
A procedure in which a small piece of membrane is removed fro…
genetic counseling
the process of informing a person or couple about their genet…
karyotyping
the process of sorting chromosomes into their matched pairs.…
10 terms
Chapter 7 & 8 Honors U.S.
push/pull factors of immigration
urbanization
tenements
settlement houses
push-makes people leave , pull-makes people go
growth of cities in the northeast and midwest, advertising, p…
cities were ill-equipped to handle, run-down low rent and clu…
community centers in bad neighborhoods that provided help to…
push/pull factors of immigration
push-makes people leave , pull-makes people go
urbanization
growth of cities in the northeast and midwest, advertising, p…
19 terms
U.S. History - Chapter 8
Orville and Wilbur Wright
Frederick Law Olmsted
George Eastman
Booker T. Washington
These brothers were bicycle mechanics from Dayton, Ohio who b…
Designed New York City's Central Park, who wanted cities that…
United States inventor of a dry-plate process of developing p…
Prominent black American, born into slavery, who believed tha…
Orville and Wilbur Wright
These brothers were bicycle mechanics from Dayton, Ohio who b…
Frederick Law Olmsted
Designed New York City's Central Park, who wanted cities that…
42 terms
U.S. Chapter 8
nickname of Harding's cabinet appointm…
Forbes scandal
Teapot Dome scandal
Daugherty scandal
"Ohio Gang"
Forbes was accused of selling medical supplies from veterans'…
the secretary of interior took bribes to lease oil reserves t…
accused of accepting bribes in order to transfer ownership of…
nickname of Harding's cabinet appointm…
"Ohio Gang"
Forbes scandal
Forbes was accused of selling medical supplies from veterans'…
23 terms
U.S. Government Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Compensation
Presidential Succession
Elector
Electoral Vote
salary
established as a result of the 25th Amendment; the order in w…
member of a party chosen in each state to formally elect the…
the official vote for president and vice president by elector…
Compensation
salary
Presidential Succession
established as a result of the 25th Amendment; the order in w…
23 terms
U.S. History - Chapter 8
Second Great Awakening
revival
transcendentalism
Henry David Thoreau
widespread spiritual movement
a religious gathering that relied on emotional sermons to awa…
philosophy that emphasized the truth to be found in nature an…
author of "Walden" who practiced ideas of transcendentalism,…
Second Great Awakening
widespread spiritual movement
revival
a religious gathering that relied on emotional sermons to awa…
10 terms
Chapter 8 Vocabulary - Honors
attest
attribute
discern
dispatch
To make a statement about something on the basis of personal…
A quality or feature of a person or thing
To recognize; detect
To send to a specific place or on specific business
attest
To make a statement about something on the basis of personal…
attribute
A quality or feature of a person or thing
48 terms
Schaller Honors Biology Chapter 8
Cell Cycle
3 major events in the cell cycle
3 stages of interphase
G1 Phase
The sequence of events that occur in the life of a cell from…
Interphase, Mitosis, Cytokinesis
G1 Phase, S Phase, G2 Phase
Occurs immediately after cell division, period of cell growth
Cell Cycle
The sequence of events that occur in the life of a cell from…
3 major events in the cell cycle
Interphase, Mitosis, Cytokinesis
15 terms
U.S. History Chapter 8 Study Guide Definitions
Farmers' Alliance
spoils system
Populist Party
Civil Rights Act of 1875
organizations that negotiated, as a group, for low prices for…
system that let politicians awarded government jobs to loyal…
formation that was brought upon by the Farmers' Alliance; est…
guaranteed black patrons the right to ride the trains and use…
Farmers' Alliance
organizations that negotiated, as a group, for low prices for…
spoils system
system that let politicians awarded government jobs to loyal…
66 terms
U.S. Honors I Chapters 7 and 8
Thomas Jefferson observed that "173 de…
According to some historians, "In some…
Compare and contrast the Articles of C…
Explain the specific powers granted to…
Thomas Jefferson was referring to the 173 delegates of Virgin…
America could not establish uniform tariffs, and government w…
Articles of Confederation: weak executive branch, judicial br…
Judicial: interpret laws and apply the Constitution to the la…
Thomas Jefferson observed that "173 de…
Thomas Jefferson was referring to the 173 delegates of Virgin…
According to some historians, "In some…
America could not establish uniform tariffs, and government w…
21 terms
Chapter 8- Honors
medieval
missi dominici
feudalism
vassal
referring to the Middle Ages in Europe or the period of histo…
agent of Emperor Charlemagne who traveled throughout the empi…
loosely organized system of government in which local lords g…
in medieval Europe, a lord who was granted land in exchange f…
medieval
referring to the Middle Ages in Europe or the period of histo…
missi dominici
agent of Emperor Charlemagne who traveled throughout the empi…
Geography Alive Chapter 8 - Migration to the U.S.
emigrate
immigrate
migration stream
pull factor
To move away from a country.
To move to into a country.
The constant flow of immigrants from one place to another.
Something that encourages people to move to a new place.
emigrate
To move away from a country.
immigrate
To move to into a country.
21 terms
U.S. History-Chapter 8-America Builds an Empire
Foreign Policy
Spanish American War
Joseph Pulitzer
William Randolph Hearst
a country's policies towards other nations.
war marking the end of Spain's colonial empire and the emerge…
editor of the popular New York World; known for sensationalis…
editor of the New York Journal; known for sensationalist publ…
Foreign Policy
a country's policies towards other nations.
Spanish American War
war marking the end of Spain's colonial empire and the emerge…
15 terms
Chapter 8 Vocabulary U.S. History
Anarchist
Assembly line
Blues
Bohemian
A person who believes that there should be no government.
A production system with machines and workers arranged so tha…
Style of music evolving from African American spirituals and…
Unconventional; not bound by the rules of society.
Anarchist
A person who believes that there should be no government.
Assembly line
A production system with machines and workers arranged so tha…
65 terms
Honors Bio Chapter 8
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Prokaryotic Cell Division
Somatic Cells
A single individual passes along copies of all it's genes to…
Greater variation ... Offspring vary genetically from their sibl…
Binary Fission ... Asexual Reproduction ... Steps: duplication of c…
Body cells (46 chromosomes)
Asexual Reproduction
A single individual passes along copies of all it's genes to…
Sexual Reproduction
Greater variation ... Offspring vary genetically from their sibl…
25 terms
U.S. History Chapter 8
What is welfare capitalism?
What is cooperative individualism?
What is the Four-Power treaty?
What are reparations?
Profit sharing, medical care benefits, and pensions. This con…
Formation of trade associations that share information with t…
Recognized each country's island possessions in the Pacific.
Payments Germany was required to make as punishment for start…
What is welfare capitalism?
Profit sharing, medical care benefits, and pensions. This con…
What is cooperative individualism?
Formation of trade associations that share information with t…
42 terms
U.S. History - The Progressive Movement Chapter 8
Progressives
Muckrakers
Reforms in City Government
Galveston, Texas
United by a desire to improve society; weren't suffering but…
Writers who investigated and exposed social problems; stories…
Commission Plan and the Council-Manager Plan were two that we…
1st to use the Commissioner plan after Hurricane destroyed th…
Progressives
United by a desire to improve society; weren't suffering but…
Muckrakers
Writers who investigated and exposed social problems; stories…
69 terms
honors U.S. chapter 15
Why did Hoover have a slim chance of w…
Who won the 1932 election?
What happened to the Senate and House…
Who were the "Brain Trust"?
too many Americans blamed him for doing nothing to help the d…
Roosevelt
the democrats held the majority in both places
FDR's advisors
Why did Hoover have a slim chance of w…
too many Americans blamed him for doing nothing to help the d…
Who won the 1932 election?
Roosevelt
28 terms
Honors Geography Chapter 8 Who's Who
State
Sovereignty
League of Nations
City-state
This is an area organized into a political unit and ruled by…
This is independence from control of its internal affairs by…
This is the predecessor of the United Nations, established af…
This is a sovereign state that comprises a town and the surro…
State
This is an area organized into a political unit and ruled by…
Sovereignty
This is independence from control of its internal affairs by…
14 terms
Basic Principals of the U.S. Government - Chapter 8
Articles of Confederation
Constitutional Convention
U.S. Constitution
federal republic
(1781 - 1787) The first U.S. Constitution, had a weak plan of…
Meeting in 1787 of the elected representatives of the thirtee…
"The supreme law of the land." Written in 1787 at Philadelphi…
a union of states with a republican/representative type gover…
Articles of Confederation
(1781 - 1787) The first U.S. Constitution, had a weak plan of…
Constitutional Convention
Meeting in 1787 of the elected representatives of the thirtee…
25 terms
U.S. HISTORY CHAPTER 8 VOCABULARY
Louis Sullivan
Daniel Burnham
Fredrick Law Olmstead
Orville and Wilber Wright
led architectural movement to create building designs that re…
CHICAGO, began 1906. A leading architect and city planner, pr…
Father of American Landscape architecture. Designed Central P…
Aviation pioneers who became the first to fly an airplane in…
Louis Sullivan
led architectural movement to create building designs that re…
Daniel Burnham
CHICAGO, began 1906. A leading architect and city planner, pr…
19 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 8
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
ATP
ADP
make their own food
obtain energy from food
adenosine triphosphate; used to store energy; powers most pro…
Adenosine diphosphate; almost like ATP; has two phosphate gro…
Autotrophs
make their own food
Heterotrophs
obtain energy from food
30 terms
U.S. History Chapter 8 Vocab
Muckrakers
Jacob Riis
Robert M. La Follette
Direct primary
People who exposed our social, economic and political problems
Wrote a book called "How the Other Half Lives"
Republican governor who attacked the ways political parties r…
Where all party members could vote for a candidate to run in…
Muckrakers
People who exposed our social, economic and political problems
Jacob Riis
Wrote a book called "How the Other Half Lives"
40 terms
honors biology chapter 8
sex chromosomes
centromeres
kinetochore fibers
G1 Phase---
chromosomes that determine a persons gender... female= xx male= xy
chromatin attach here... chromatin held here until cell division…
fibers that connect to the centromere of the chromosome
growth phase following cytokinesis, cells grow to mature size
sex chromosomes
chromosomes that determine a persons gender... female= xx male= xy
centromeres
chromatin attach here... chromatin held here until cell division…
12 terms
U.S. Chapter 8 Vocab
muckraker
direct primary
initiative
referendum
Journalist who uncovers social abuses and corruption in society
a vote held by all members of a political party to decide the…
the right of citizens to place a measure or issue before the…
the practice of letting votes accept or reject measures propo…
muckraker
Journalist who uncovers social abuses and corruption in society
direct primary
a vote held by all members of a political party to decide the…
11 terms
Honors Geo Chapter 8
Means-Extremes Product Theorem
Means-Extremes Ratio Theorem
Mean Proportional/Geometric Mean
Arithmetic Mean
In a proportion, the product of the means is equal to the pro…
If the product of a pair of nonzero numbers is equal to the p…
If the means in a proportion are equal, either mean is called…
(X + Y)/2
Means-Extremes Product Theorem
In a proportion, the product of the means is equal to the pro…
Means-Extremes Ratio Theorem
If the product of a pair of nonzero numbers is equal to the p…
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