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Study sets matching "hormones 2"

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Study sets matching "hormones 2"

36 terms
(2) Hormones
Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)
Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
Oxytocin
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH)
- Produced in Posterior Pituitary... - Targets the kidneys... - Red…
- Produced in the Anterior Pituitary ... - Targets the *ovarie…
- Produced in the Posterior Pituitary... - Targets the *uterus…
- Produced in the Anterior Pituitary... - Targets the *adrenal…
Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)
- Produced in Posterior Pituitary... - Targets the kidneys... - Red…
Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
- Produced in the Anterior Pituitary ... - Targets the *ovarie…
12 terms
Hormones 2
Calcitriol
Kidney
Kidney, Intestines
Calcium
Active vitamin D is also what hormone?
What is Calcitriol or active vitamin D secreted from?
What does the hormone Calcitriol target?
In Calcitriol what transfers from the blood vessels to the ki…
Calcitriol
Active vitamin D is also what hormone?
Kidney
What is Calcitriol or active vitamin D secreted from?
28 terms
Hormones 2
Arachidonic acid
leukotrienes, prostaglandins, prostacy…
Eicosanoids
Leukotrienes
essential 20-carbon omega-6 fatty acid with 4 unsaturations t…
eicosanoids
paracrine agents formed from eicosanoids
involved in allergic reactions and trigger the bronchial infl…
Arachidonic acid
essential 20-carbon omega-6 fatty acid with 4 unsaturations t…
leukotrienes, prostaglandins, prostacy…
eicosanoids
13 terms
hormones 2
basal metabolic hormone
program t-lymphocytes
most important hormone regulating the…
helps to protect the body during long…
thyroxine
thymosin
PTH
cortisol
basal metabolic hormone
thyroxine
program t-lymphocytes
thymosin
77 terms
Hormones 2
Progesterone is not only a hormone of…
What effect if any would castration ha…
Upstream of a gene, there is a place w…
In a rare syndrome, a chromosomally no…
testosterone leydig cells (interstitial cells) of testes, cor…
it would be smaller
a response element
adrenal cortex
Progesterone is not only a hormone of…
testosterone leydig cells (interstitial cells) of testes, cor…
What effect if any would castration ha…
it would be smaller
78 terms
hormones 2
metabolic needs:... brain
metabolic needs:... heart
metabolic needs:... muscle
metabolic needs:... liver
the most fastidious and voracious organ: needs consistent glu…
less fastidious than brain: can use fatty acids, ketone bodie…
relative flexible in terms of fuel storage: fatty acids are t…
most flexible and plays major role in keeping stable blood gl…
metabolic needs:... brain
the most fastidious and voracious organ: needs consistent glu…
metabolic needs:... heart
less fastidious than brain: can use fatty acids, ketone bodie…
47 terms
hormones 2
simple endocrine pathways
simple neuroendocrine pathways
feedback regulation... (negative feedback)
feedback regulation... (positive feedback)
endocrine cells respond directly to INTERNAL or EXTERNAL envi…
stimulus received by SENSORY neuron-->stimulates neurosecreto…
response-->reducing initial stimulus-->preventing excessive a…
reinforces a stimulus-->produces even greater response
simple endocrine pathways
endocrine cells respond directly to INTERNAL or EXTERNAL envi…
simple neuroendocrine pathways
stimulus received by SENSORY neuron-->stimulates neurosecreto…
11 terms
Hormones 2
Thyroxine
Progesteron
Thyrotric
Parathyroid
Thyroid - body temp. Burning glucose
Gonads - male and female cycle
Anterior pituitary - stimulating thyroid
Parathyroid - calcium levels
Thyroxine
Thyroid - body temp. Burning glucose
Progesteron
Gonads - male and female cycle
9 terms
Hormones 2
T4 (thyroxine; tetraiodothyronine)... T3…
Calcitonin
Parathyroid Hormone (PTH)
Mineralocorticoids (aldosterone)
Hypothalamus: TRH... Anterior Pituitary: TSH aka thyrotropin... bou…
produced by parafollicular cells (C cells) and stimulated by…
Stimulated by decreased concentration of Ca++ in the blood... Ta…
stimulated by ACTH from anterior pituitary, angiotensin II, a…
T4 (thyroxine; tetraiodothyronine)... T3…
Hypothalamus: TRH... Anterior Pituitary: TSH aka thyrotropin... bou…
Calcitonin
produced by parafollicular cells (C cells) and stimulated by…
11 terms
Act. 2- Spermatogenesis & Male Hormones
Spermatogenesis
A: tunica albuginea... B: seminiferous tu…
D: ductus deferens... E: rete testis... F: e…
tail
A series of cell divisions that produce a single mature sperm…
Letters A, B, and C
Letters D, E, and F
consists of a flagellum; provides movement for the sperm
Spermatogenesis
A series of cell divisions that produce a single mature sperm…
A: tunica albuginea... B: seminiferous tu…
Letters A, B, and C
11 terms
Hormones 2
Pineal gland
Posterior lobe
Anterior lobe
Thyroid gland
Melatonin
Oxytocin... Antidiuretic
Growth hormone ... Prolactin... Follicle-stimulating hormone... Thyroi…
Thyroxine ... Triiodothyronine ... Calcitonin
Pineal gland
Melatonin
Posterior lobe
Oxytocin... Antidiuretic
41 terms
Hormones 2
lumen (colloid)
Two forms of thyroid hormone
thyroxine (also called T4)
triiodothryonine (T3)
linked to holding thyroid hormone
thyroxine, triiodothryonine
90% of circulating thyroid hormone (least active). Has 4 iodi…
10% of circulating, but most active. Has 3 iodines attached
lumen (colloid)
linked to holding thyroid hormone
Two forms of thyroid hormone
thyroxine, triiodothryonine
6 terms
Hormones 2
Anterior Pituitary Gland
Posterior Pituitary Gland
Thyroid and Parathyroid Gland
Other hormones
-Growth hormone (GH)... -Prolactin... -Thyroid-stimulating hormone…
-Antiduretic hormone(ADH)... -Oxytocin
-Thyroid hormones (T3,T4)... -Calcitonin... -Parathyroid hormone (P…
-Estrogen and Progesterone ... -Testosterone... -Thymosins... -Melatonin
Anterior Pituitary Gland
-Growth hormone (GH)... -Prolactin... -Thyroid-stimulating hormone…
Posterior Pituitary Gland
-Antiduretic hormone(ADH)... -Oxytocin
11 terms
Hormones 2
Mineralcorticoid
Oxytocin
Parathyroid
Progesterone
Adrenal, regulates minerals.
Posterior Pituitary, stimulates contractions and milk.
Parathyroid, controls calcium levels.
Gonads, cycles
Mineralcorticoid
Adrenal, regulates minerals.
Oxytocin
Posterior Pituitary, stimulates contractions and milk.
11 terms
Hormones 2
Mineralcorticoids
Oxytocin
Parathyroid
Progesterone
Adrenal, controls minerals
Posterior pituitary, stimulates contractions and milk product…
Parathyroid, controls calcium levels
Gonads, cycles
Mineralcorticoids
Adrenal, controls minerals
Oxytocin
Posterior pituitary, stimulates contractions and milk product…
22 terms
Hormones 2
Growth Hormone (GH)
Melanocyte-stimulating Hormone (MSM)
Prolactin (PRL)
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH)
Pitutiary Gland, anterior lobe
Pitutiary Gland, anterior lobe
Pitutiary Gland, anterior lobe
Pitutiary Gland, anterior lobe
Growth Hormone (GH)
Pitutiary Gland, anterior lobe
Melanocyte-stimulating Hormone (MSM)
Pitutiary Gland, anterior lobe
13 terms
Hormones 2
Aldosterone- Zona glomerulosa
Cortisol ... Zona fasciculata
Androgen... Zona reticularis
Epinephrine and norepinephrine
Kidneys... Elevates blood pressure
Generalized... Mobilizes fat for energy
Males & females... Increased sex drive
Cardiovascular system... Increased heart rate
Aldosterone- Zona glomerulosa
Kidneys... Elevates blood pressure
Cortisol ... Zona fasciculata
Generalized... Mobilizes fat for energy
13 terms
Hormones 2
Posterior Pituitary
Posterior Pituitary
Anterior Pituitary
Anterior Pituitary
Oxytocin
ADH
TSH, thyroid
ACTH, adrenal cortex
Posterior Pituitary
Oxytocin
Posterior Pituitary
ADH
16 terms
hormones 2
Gibberellins
Gibberellins
Gibberellins
Auxins
stem elongation
leaf growth and fruit set
high concentration in embryo
inspire growth on shade side of plants
Gibberellins
stem elongation
Gibberellins
leaf growth and fruit set
11 terms
Hormones 2
Hypothalamus
Anterior pituitary
Posterior Pituitary
Adrenal
GnRH
ACTH, follicle stimulating hormone, LH, prolactin, HGH
ADH, oxytocin
Aldosterone, cortisol, epinephrine
Hypothalamus
GnRH
Anterior pituitary
ACTH, follicle stimulating hormone, LH, prolactin, HGH
14 terms
Hormones 2
Thyroxine
Calcitonin
PTH
Mineralcorticoid
name: thyroxine (Thyroid Hormone)... location: thyroid gland... fun…
name: calcitonin... location: thyroid gland... function: Secreted f…
PTH name: parathyroid hormone/"parathormone"... location: parath…
name: mineralocorticoid... location: adrenal (cortex) gland... func…
Thyroxine
name: thyroxine (Thyroid Hormone)... location: thyroid gland... fun…
Calcitonin
name: calcitonin... location: thyroid gland... function: Secreted f…
23 terms
Hormones 2
Cortisol (glucocorticoids)
Aldosterone
Steroid Sex Hormones: Androgen, Estrog…
Epinephrine (adrenaline)
Regulates carbohydrate levels in the body; released during st…
Regulates water and electrolyte balance
Responsible for reproduction and secondary sexual characteris…
Intensifies response during stress; Acts as neurotransmitters…
Cortisol (glucocorticoids)
Regulates carbohydrate levels in the body; released during st…
Aldosterone
Regulates water and electrolyte balance
20 terms
Hormones 2
Auxin
Auxin 2
Auxin 3
Auxin 4
...
...
...
...
Auxin
...
Auxin 2
...
11 terms
Hormones 2
Mineralocorticoids
Oxytocin
Parathyroid
Progesterone
Adrenal; regulates minerals
Posterior Pituitary; stimulates contractions and milk
Parathyroid; calcium levels
Gonads; cycles
Mineralocorticoids
Adrenal; regulates minerals
Oxytocin
Posterior Pituitary; stimulates contractions and milk
11 terms
Hormones 2
Mineralocorticoids
Oxytocin
Parathyroid (PTH)
Progesterone
Adrenal, regulates minerals
Post. Pituitary stimulates contractions and milk
Parathyroid, calcium levels
Gonads, cycles
Mineralocorticoids
Adrenal, regulates minerals
Oxytocin
Post. Pituitary stimulates contractions and milk
10 terms
Hormones 2
Estrogen
the 3 estrogenic hormones
women's hormonal phases
Puberty
gives female characteristics, helps with development of the m…
estriol (weakest), estradiol (strongest), estrone (more prese…
4 phases: puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, menopause
sexual function to take place, begins @ 12 to 14 yrs of age,…
Estrogen
gives female characteristics, helps with development of the m…
the 3 estrogenic hormones
estriol (weakest), estradiol (strongest), estrone (more prese…
10 terms
Hormones2
Prolactin (PRL)
Cortisol (F)
Progesterone
Atrial Natriuretic Hormone (ANH)
Chemistry: globular protein... Source: anterior pituitary... Target…
Chemistry: steroid... Source: adrenal cortex... Target: liver, musc…
Chemistry: steroid... Source: ovaries... Target: uterus... Action: sti…
Chemistry: polypeptide... Source: cardiac muscle... Target: kidney…
Prolactin (PRL)
Chemistry: globular protein... Source: anterior pituitary... Target…
Cortisol (F)
Chemistry: steroid... Source: adrenal cortex... Target: liver, musc…
12 terms
Hormones 2
Thyroxide
Triiodothyronine
Calcitonin
Parathyroids
-amino acid... -targets all tissues... -increase metabolism and hea…
-amino acid... -targets all tissues... -increase metabolism and heT…
-amino acid... -targets bone and kidneys... -lowers blood calcium…
-peptide... -targets kidneys and bone... -stimulate the release of…
Thyroxide
-amino acid... -targets all tissues... -increase metabolism and hea…
Triiodothyronine
-amino acid... -targets all tissues... -increase metabolism and heT…
25 terms
Hormones 2
GH
TSH
PRL
ACTH
growth of bones and muscles- protein synthesis
growth and secretions from the thyroid gland
milk production
release corticosteroids from adrenal cortex
GH
growth of bones and muscles- protein synthesis
TSH
growth and secretions from the thyroid gland
17 terms
2.3.2 Hormones
growth HGH
prolactin
Insulin
thyroid stimulating TSH
Increase cell division, carbohydrate metabolism... Pituitary
stimulates and maintains milk production... pituitary gland
A protein hormone synthesized in the pancreas that regulates…
influences growth and activity of thyroid gland... pituitary gland
growth HGH
Increase cell division, carbohydrate metabolism... Pituitary
prolactin
stimulates and maintains milk production... pituitary gland
17 terms
Hormones 2
antidiuretic hormone
oxytocin
growth hormone
prolactin
posterior pituitary
posterior pituitary
anterior pituitary
anterior pituitary
antidiuretic hormone
posterior pituitary
oxytocin
posterior pituitary
11 terms
Hormones 2
Mineralocorticoids
Oxytocin
Parathyroid
Progesterone
Adrenal, regulate mineral content
Post pituitary, stimulates contractions
Parathyroid, calcium levels in blood
Gonads, cyclic changes
Mineralocorticoids
Adrenal, regulate mineral content
Oxytocin
Post pituitary, stimulates contractions
11 terms
Hormones 2
Mineralocorticoids
Oxytocin
Parathyroid
Progesterone
Adrenal, regulates minerals
Post pituitary, simulates contractions and milk
Parathyroid, calcium levels
Gonads, cycles
Mineralocorticoids
Adrenal, regulates minerals
Oxytocin
Post pituitary, simulates contractions and milk
18 terms
Hormones 2
cell membrane
steroid
thyroid, mitochondria
follicle stimulating, luteinizing, adr…
non-lipid soluble hormones bind to receptors in the __ ___
___ hormones pass through the cell membrane and travel to the…
__ hormones are transported across the cell membrane into the…
hormones secreted from the anterior pituitary FLATPG
cell membrane
non-lipid soluble hormones bind to receptors in the __ ___
steroid
___ hormones pass through the cell membrane and travel to the…
18 terms
Hormones 2
Hypothalamus
Adenohypophysis
Neurohypophysis
Thyroid
Growth hormone releasing hormone... Growth Hormone inhibiting ho…
Growth Hormone... Thyroid stimulating hormone... adrenocorticotropi…
Oxytocin, antidiuretic hormone
T3 and T4, Calcitonin
Hypothalamus
Growth hormone releasing hormone... Growth Hormone inhibiting ho…
Adenohypophysis
Growth Hormone... Thyroid stimulating hormone... adrenocorticotropi…
11 terms
Hormones 2
Mineralocorticoids
Oxytocin
Parathyroid (PTH)
Progesterone
Adrenal ... Regulates minerals
Posterior pituitary ... Stimulates contractions/milk
Parathyroid ... Calcium levels
Gonades ... Cycles
Mineralocorticoids
Adrenal ... Regulates minerals
Oxytocin
Posterior pituitary ... Stimulates contractions/milk
18 terms
Hormones 2
Adrenal Gland (Medulla) - Source
Adrenal Gland (Medulla) - Target Cell
Adrenal Gland (Medulla) - Action/Effect
Adrenal Gland (Cortex) - Source
Nervous System
Widespread (most tissues)
Increase heart rate, metabolic rate, alertness, anxiety, fear…
Hormones
Adrenal Gland (Medulla) - Source
Nervous System
Adrenal Gland (Medulla) - Target Cell
Widespread (most tissues)
16 terms
Hormones 2
O: Pineal Gland (epithalamus)
O: Adenohypophysis (1-3)
O: Adenohypophysis (4-7)
O: Hypothalamus
Melatonin
Prolactin(PRL); Follicle Stimulating Hormone(FSH); Luteinizin…
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone(ACTH); Melanocyte Stimulating Hor…
Oxytocin(OT); Antidiuretic Hormone(ADH)
O: Pineal Gland (epithalamus)
Melatonin
O: Adenohypophysis (1-3)
Prolactin(PRL); Follicle Stimulating Hormone(FSH); Luteinizin…
69 terms
Hormones 2
Endocrine signaling
Paracrine signaling
Autocrine signaling
Endocrine glands
hormones released in the bloodstream and travel to target cell
hormones released from signal cell straight to target cell
hormones released to itself, the target cell
-ductless and secrete hormones directly into the blood... -can t…
Endocrine signaling
hormones released in the bloodstream and travel to target cell
Paracrine signaling
hormones released from signal cell straight to target cell
27 terms
Hormones2
Growth hormone releasing hormone (GH-RH)
Corticotropin releasing hormone (CRH)
Gonadotropin releasing hormone (Gn-RH)
Thyroid stimulating hormone releasing…
Increases release of growth hormone from anterior pituitary
Increases release of ACTH from anterior Pituitary
Increases the release of FSH and LH from anterior pituitary
Increases the release of TSH from anterior pituitary
Growth hormone releasing hormone (GH-RH)
Increases release of growth hormone from anterior pituitary
Corticotropin releasing hormone (CRH)
Increases release of ACTH from anterior Pituitary
19 terms
Hormones 2
ADH
Oxytocin
TRH
ACTH
Endocrine gland: hypothalamus; targets the kidneys; increases…
Endocrine gland: hypothalamus; target the uterus and mammary…
endocrine gland: hypothalamus; stimulates the release of TSH
Targets the adrenal gland to stimulate the release of aldoste…
ADH
Endocrine gland: hypothalamus; targets the kidneys; increases…
Oxytocin
Endocrine gland: hypothalamus; target the uterus and mammary…
8 terms
Hormones 2
Melatonin
T3 and T4
Calcitonin/CT
Parathyroid/PTH
Gland: Pineal body... Involved in biological rhythms (daily and…
Gland: Thyroid... Amine Triiodothyronine (T3) and Thyroxine (T4)…
Gland: Thyroid... Reduces blood calcium level
Gland: Parathyroid... Raises blood calcium levels
Melatonin
Gland: Pineal body... Involved in biological rhythms (daily and…
T3 and T4
Gland: Thyroid... Amine Triiodothyronine (T3) and Thyroxine (T4)…
90 terms
Hormones 2
Endocrine system
endocrine vs paracrine & autocrine
features of endocrine system
exocrine glands have...
consists of endocrine glands- have cells that release chemica…
endocrine- hormone-->blood. signaling molecule is hormone, tr…
glands are ductless... secrete hormones directly into blood... rich…
ducts/tubes- salivary/sweat/mamary glands.
Endocrine system
consists of endocrine glands- have cells that release chemica…
endocrine vs paracrine & autocrine
endocrine- hormone-->blood. signaling molecule is hormone, tr…
29 terms
Hormones 2
Hormones in the Adipose Tissue
Leptin
Message to Pancreas
Message to Hypothalmus
Leptin
Sends message to pancreas and brain when fat cells are filled
You've stored up plenty of fat- slow down- decreased insulin…
You've got enough fat in storage, burn up what you've got... Dec…
Hormones in the Adipose Tissue
Leptin
Leptin
Sends message to pancreas and brain when fat cells are filled
29 terms
Hormones 2
Posterior Pituitary Glands
Oxytocin
ADH
Adrenal Gland
Located in the brain. Creates the hormones: ADH and Oxytocin
Triggers feeling of love, triggers muscle contraction while i…
decreases Urine production
Contains the hormones: Cortisol, Aldosterone, and Epinephrine
Posterior Pituitary Glands
Located in the brain. Creates the hormones: ADH and Oxytocin
Oxytocin
Triggers feeling of love, triggers muscle contraction while i…
11 terms
Hormones 2
Antagonist
Lesion studies
Associated patterns of behavior
Dissociated pattern of behavior
Will bing to receptor to prevent binding
Brain regions
Correlation
Red sided garter snake
Antagonist
Will bing to receptor to prevent binding
Lesion studies
Brain regions
14 terms
2 - Hormones
CRF/CRH
GH
TSH
ACTH
Corticotrophin releasing factor... Hypothalamus... Stimulation of A…
Somatotropic (growth hormone)... Ant-pit... Controls growth, cell p…
Thyroid stimulating hormone... Ant-pit... Stimulates thryroid to re…
Adrenocorticotrophic... Ant-pit... Stimulates adrenal cortex
CRF/CRH
Corticotrophin releasing factor... Hypothalamus... Stimulation of A…
GH
Somatotropic (growth hormone)... Ant-pit... Controls growth, cell p…
8 terms
Hormones.2
PTH
Epinephrine
norepinephrine
glucocorticoids/cortisone
Parathyroid hormone. increases blood calcium levels (opposite…
MEDULLA. ... also called adrenaline. ... ⬆️ blood glucose. ⬆️ rate…
same as epinephrine
CORTEX ... promotes normal metabolism. ⬆️ blood glucose levels.…
PTH
Parathyroid hormone. increases blood calcium levels (opposite…
Epinephrine
MEDULLA. ... also called adrenaline. ... ⬆️ blood glucose. ⬆️ rate…
17 terms
Hormones 2
Cortisol/Aldosterone tract
trophin that releases ACTH
adrenal gland to release cortisol
digestive system, immune system, muscl…
HPA axis...
CRH is a...
ACTH targets...
Cortisol effects...
Cortisol/Aldosterone tract
HPA axis...
trophin that releases ACTH
CRH is a...
18 terms
2. Hormones
synaptic signaling
paracrine signaling
autocrine signaling
neuroendocrine signaling
signal secreted at a synapse, diffuse short distance and bind…
the target cells lie near the secreting cells
the target cell is also the secreting cell
neurons produce neurohormones target cells often endocrine
synaptic signaling
signal secreted at a synapse, diffuse short distance and bind…
paracrine signaling
the target cells lie near the secreting cells
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