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Study sets matching "hormones behavior"

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Study sets matching "hormones behavior"

Hormones & Behavior
Nervous System
Endocrine System
Hypothalamus
Anterior pituitary
the system of cells, Assues and organs that is involved in re…
= group of ductless glands that secrete hormones directly int…
- Main processing center... - Synthesis and release of GnRH
- SAmulated by GnRH... - Makes FSH and LH, which regulate gonads
Nervous System
the system of cells, Assues and organs that is involved in re…
Endocrine System
= group of ductless glands that secrete hormones directly int…
34 terms
hormones & behavior
endocrine system
hormones
stress hormones
feeding hormones
endocrine glands: glands that release hormones in the body
chemicals secreted by one group of cells and carried through…
cortisol + epinephrine
ghrelin + leptin
endocrine system
endocrine glands: glands that release hormones in the body
hormones
chemicals secreted by one group of cells and carried through…
23 terms
Hormones and Behavior
Endocrine glands
Hormones
Euroendocrinology Experiment
Synaptic communication
glands that release hormones inside the body
Peptide hormones... Amine hormones... Steroid hormones
remove testes from young chicks and implant into stomachs lea…
One neuron can only communicate with one directly next to it…
Endocrine glands
glands that release hormones inside the body
Hormones
Peptide hormones... Amine hormones... Steroid hormones
28 terms
hormones and behavior
pangenesis
Berthholds experiment with castration
Hormones coordinate physiology and beh…
intracrine
genetic info is sent to the testes which is then passed down…
ALL MALES... Group 1= castrated = caponization(female developmen…
1. regulating... 2. integrating... 3. controlling body functions
intracellular message
pangenesis
genetic info is sent to the testes which is then passed down…
Berthholds experiment with castration
ALL MALES... Group 1= castrated = caponization(female developmen…
27 terms
Hormones and Behavior
5a-Reductase
Aggressions
Aromatase
Chromosomal Sex
An enzyme required to convert testosterone to 5α-dihydrotesto…
A form of social interaction that includes threat, attack, an…
An enzyme that converts androgens into estrogens.
The sex of an individual as determined by the sex chromosomes…
5a-Reductase
An enzyme required to convert testosterone to 5α-dihydrotesto…
Aggressions
A form of social interaction that includes threat, attack, an…
55 terms
hormones and behavior
Ethology
What are the four ways to explain beha…
Developmental
Evolutionary
A field of study relying on observation of species in their n…
Developmental, evolutionary, adaptive function and proximate/…
Behaviors lasting from birth to death that change with maturi…
involve many generations of animals and address the ways that…
Ethology
A field of study relying on observation of species in their n…
What are the four ways to explain beha…
Developmental, evolutionary, adaptive function and proximate/…
55 terms
Hormones and Behavior
Hormone
Endocrine Gland
Exocrine Gland
Castration
A chemical secreted by an endocrine gland that is conveyed by…
A gland that secretes products into the bloodstream to act on…
A gland whose secretions exit the body via ducts.
Removal of the gonads, usually the testes.
Hormone
A chemical secreted by an endocrine gland that is conveyed by…
Endocrine Gland
A gland that secretes products into the bloodstream to act on…
71 terms
Hormones & Behavior
pair bonding in voles
differences in monogamous and polygamo…
behavior in monogamous voles
what was the test for pair-bonding beh…
some species are monogamous (prairie/pine) others are polygam…
monogamous pair bonds, inhibition in puberty, and aggressive…
prairie/pine voles mate until death, and rarely form new bond…
separating the male and female for 7 days. given the option t…
pair bonding in voles
some species are monogamous (prairie/pine) others are polygam…
differences in monogamous and polygamo…
monogamous pair bonds, inhibition in puberty, and aggressive…
35 terms
Hormones and Behavior
Hormone
Endocrine Glands
Exocrine Glands
Endocrine Communication
Chemicals secreted by a cell group that travel through the bl…
Organ that releases hormones within the body
Organ that uses ducts to secrete fluid outside the body
A hormone is released into the bloodstream to selectively eff…
Hormone
Chemicals secreted by a cell group that travel through the bl…
Endocrine Glands
Organ that releases hormones within the body
Hormones & Behavior
exocrine system
endocrine system
pituitary gland
oxytocin
external chemical systems between organisms
internal chemical communication between parts of the body.
master gland controlled by hypothalamus. secretes hormones, a…
stimulates uterine contraction, aids in lactation of mammals,…
exocrine system
external chemical systems between organisms
endocrine system
internal chemical communication between parts of the body.
24 terms
Hormones and behaviors
Anabolic steroid
Testosterone
castrati
What is Berthold's Experiment
male sex organs or testes produce and secrete a hormone calle…
is Asia singer that were costrated before puberty to prevent…
used chicken in his experiment and showed that a product of t…
Anabolic steroid
Testosterone
male sex organs or testes produce and secrete a hormone calle…
107 terms
hormones and behavior
2 systems which animals rely on for ch…
How does the endocrine system signal t…
How does the nervous system signal tra…
Where do endocrine signals go?
endocrine and nervous system
via blood travels via circulatory system
via extracellular fluid
send CHEMICAL ligands to target tissues... releases hormones
2 systems which animals rely on for ch…
endocrine and nervous system
How does the endocrine system signal t…
via blood travels via circulatory system
37 terms
Hormones & Behavior
Exocrine System
Endocrine System
Andosterone
Estrogen
External, between organisms... Secreted from sweat, urine, vagin…
Internal, within a single organism... Secreted from ductless gla…
Male pheromone
Female pheromones
Exocrine System
External, between organisms... Secreted from sweat, urine, vagin…
Endocrine System
Internal, within a single organism... Secreted from ductless gla…
25 terms
hormones&behavior
frank beach
enunchs
arnold adolph berthold
endocrine glands
study of hormone-behavior interactions; multidisciplinary. bo…
castrated before puberty- castrati and hijras
capon experiment. first in endocrinology
release and produce chemicals in small amounts-->bloodstream
frank beach
study of hormone-behavior interactions; multidisciplinary. bo…
enunchs
castrated before puberty- castrati and hijras
27 terms
Hormones & behavior
Brains affect the production of whar
Hormones are what
Hormones trigger what
Hormones are produced by glands that b…
Hormones
A substance formed in an organ/tissue that is transported by…
"Fight, flight, freeze"
Endocrine system
Brains affect the production of whar
Hormones
Hormones are what
A substance formed in an organ/tissue that is transported by…
49 terms
hormones & behavior
insulin
cephalic phase
gastrointestinal phase
glycolysis
promotes energy storage
sensory stimuli associated with food intake
absorption of nutrients from the gut;... responsible for the p…
conversion of glucose to glycogen in the liver and muscle
insulin
promotes energy storage
cephalic phase
sensory stimuli associated with food intake
46 terms
Hormones and Behavior
Techniques
Techniques/Bioassays
Immunoassays
Immunocytochemistry
Ablation and replacement
effects of hormone on living animal
Radioimmunoassay (RIA) - antibodies produced in response to h…
Use antibodies to determine location of hormone or receptor
Techniques
Ablation and replacement
Techniques/Bioassays
effects of hormone on living animal
16 terms
Hormones and Behavior
Hormones vs. Neurons
Hormonal Action
Henry Berthold
Frank Beach
slower, receptor specific, can be chronic & long lasting, can…
can affect any biological tissue that has receptor for that h…
experiments on capons, roosters and hens; secretory blood-bor…
Father of Behavioral Endocrinology; first comprehensive study
Hormones vs. Neurons
slower, receptor specific, can be chronic & long lasting, can…
Hormonal Action
can affect any biological tissue that has receptor for that h…
41 terms
Hormones and Behavior
4 Classes of Hormones:
Intracrine
autocrine
paracrine
Steroid... Peptide... Monoamine... Lipid-based
Chemical mediation of... intracellular events
Cells own products feed... back to affect source
A localized hormone action;... one cell secretes chemical,... anoth…
4 Classes of Hormones:
Steroid... Peptide... Monoamine... Lipid-based
Intracrine
Chemical mediation of... intracellular events
24 terms
Hormones & Behavior
What's the role of FSH on the ovary?
What's the role of FSH on the testicle?
What's the role of LH on the ovary?
What's the role of LH on the testicle?
FSH makes the follicle mature.... FSH also makes the granulosa…
FSH makes the follicle mature.... FSH also makes the Sertoli ce…
LH makes the thecal cells produce testosterone. ... Activin is…
LH makes the leydig cells produce testosterone.
What's the role of FSH on the ovary?
FSH makes the follicle mature.... FSH also makes the granulosa…
What's the role of FSH on the testicle?
FSH makes the follicle mature.... FSH also makes the Sertoli ce…
20 terms
Hormones and behavior
Stress
Stress response
Cellular stress response
Neuroendocrine stress response
severe or unusual challenge causing disruption of or damage t…
coping mechanism aimed to counteract stress
detect and repair DNA and protein damage
maintenance of homeostasis in the face of stressors
Stress
severe or unusual challenge causing disruption of or damage t…
Stress response
coping mechanism aimed to counteract stress
329 terms
Hormones & Behavior
What does a bioassay test?
What are the 2 uses of bioassays?
What did the rabbit test used to test?
What animal was tested for prolactin i…
The effect of a hormone on a living animal
1- To detect the presence/absence of a hormone... 2- For quantit…
For hCG to detect pregnancy
Prolactin
What does a bioassay test?
The effect of a hormone on a living animal
What are the 2 uses of bioassays?
1- To detect the presence/absence of a hormone... 2- For quantit…
93 terms
hormones and behavior
2 systems of chemical signaling that a…
endocrine system
nervous system
chemical messengers used by the two sy…
endocrine system ... nervous system
-ductless gland which secrete chemical signals directly into…
system of neurons, central nervous system... transmits "electric…
Neurotransmitters released by neurons... Hormones release by end…
2 systems of chemical signaling that a…
endocrine system ... nervous system
endocrine system
-ductless gland which secrete chemical signals directly into…
101 terms
Hormones and Behavior
hormone behavior
Frank Beach
Castrated
Arnold Berthold
Behavioral endocrinology is the study of ___________-________…
_______ ________ is the author of the publication from 1948 t…
eunuchs, castrati, & Hijras of india were all groups that wer…
_________ Adolph _________ published the first formal experim…
hormone behavior
Behavioral endocrinology is the study of ___________-________…
Frank Beach
_______ ________ is the author of the publication from 1948 t…
22 terms
hormones and behavior
two communication systems
nervous system
endocrine system
endocrine system
nervous system, endocrine system
fast
slow
hormones released into blood stream send signals to distant o…
two communication systems
nervous system, endocrine system
nervous system
fast
44 terms
Hormones and Behavior
Hormones
Autocrine communication
Paracrine communication
Allomone communication
release by endocrine glands directly into bloodstream. Needed…
hormone enters cell
a cell produces a signal to induce changes in nearby cells, a…
a chemical substance produced by a plant in response to attac…
Hormones
release by endocrine glands directly into bloodstream. Needed…
Autocrine communication
hormone enters cell
15 terms
Hormones and Behavior
Hormones
Endocrine glands
Exocrine glands
Endocrine communication
secreted chemicals that travel through the bloodstream to act…
release hormones within the body
use ducts to secrete fluids such as tears and sweat out the b…
a hormone released into the bloodstream to act on target tiss…
Hormones
secreted chemicals that travel through the bloodstream to act…
Endocrine glands
release hormones within the body
83 terms
Hormones and Behavior
Endocrine Glands
Who conducted the first formal endocri…
Results of Bertholds Experiment
Two Modes of Behavioral Study
-ductless, release hormones directly into the blood stream
-Arnold Berthold
-Castration of male chickens eliminated aggressive behaviors,…
-field and lab
Endocrine Glands
-ductless, release hormones directly into the blood stream
Who conducted the first formal endocri…
-Arnold Berthold
10 terms
Hormones and Behavior
Protein/Peptide
Steroid
Monoamines
Lipid-based
AA; long mRNA; pituitary; bind to membrane receptor
cholsterol; bind to intracellular; fat-based; adrenal/gonad/b…
-catecholomines (adrenal) from tyrosine... -.................
-Eicosanoids... -4 types: E,F,A,B... -Derived from lipids & Arachid…
Protein/Peptide
AA; long mRNA; pituitary; bind to membrane receptor
Steroid
cholsterol; bind to intracellular; fat-based; adrenal/gonad/b…
11 terms
Hormones - Behavior
Reproduction hormones
Metabolism hormones
Fight or light hormones
Evidence for hormonal influence
Ovaries & testis, testosterone, estrogen, progestogen
Thryoid-throxine, TSH(thryoid stimulating hormone)
Adrenal glands, adrenalin
Reproduction correlated with enlarging of gonads (endocrine g…
Reproduction hormones
Ovaries & testis, testosterone, estrogen, progestogen
Metabolism hormones
Thryoid-throxine, TSH(thryoid stimulating hormone)
40 terms
Hormones and behavior
Vasopressin (AVP)
Oxytocin (OT)
Dopamine (DA)
Thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH)
-Acts on kidney -> increase water retention (decrease diuresi…
-Acts on uterus -> smooth muscle contractions -> labor... -Acts…
prolactin inhibitory hormone
-hypothalamic hormone... -binds to receptors on ant. pit.... -stimu…
Vasopressin (AVP)
-Acts on kidney -> increase water retention (decrease diuresi…
Oxytocin (OT)
-Acts on uterus -> smooth muscle contractions -> labor... -Acts…
125 terms
Hormones and Behavior
What is the fitness benefit of parenta…
How much parental behavior gives the s…
What is the difference between altrici…
Do most birds engage in uniparental or…
individual's reproductive success is determined by their offs…
To maximize fitness, the optimal strategy for each parent is…
Altricial (e.g. dogs, rats)... Large numbers of immature and hel…
Diversity in parental behavior but biparental care is the mos…
What is the fitness benefit of parenta…
individual's reproductive success is determined by their offs…
How much parental behavior gives the s…
To maximize fitness, the optimal strategy for each parent is…
51 terms
HORMONES AND BEHAVIOR
MAJOR CLASSES OF HORMONES
Sex can be about more than just reprod…
Most animals are totally dependent upo…
Hormones and sexual behavior in Females
PROTEIN, AMINE, STEROID,
Social (e.g. bonding); aggression and dominance... Bonobo chimps…
humans and some other higher primates
Humans mate throughout the menstrual cycle; most... animals only…
MAJOR CLASSES OF HORMONES
PROTEIN, AMINE, STEROID,
Sex can be about more than just reprod…
Social (e.g. bonding); aggression and dominance... Bonobo chimps…
59 terms
Hormones and Behavior
Intracrine
Autocrine
Paracrine
Endocrine
Communication within 1 cell
Cell releases hormone, it comes back and acts on the same cell
Cell acts on a neighboring cell
Signal released into blood triggers response in groups of cel…
Intracrine
Communication within 1 cell
Autocrine
Cell releases hormone, it comes back and acts on the same cell
102 terms
Hormones and Behavior
hormones
Frank Beach
contributions of Ancient Egyptians
Hippocrates
chemical released from ductless glands of living cells that t…
considered the founder of hormones and behaviors; wrote the b…
during 1500 BC, they recognized and described endocrine abnor…
Ancient Greek philosopher, considered the father of modern me…
hormones
chemical released from ductless glands of living cells that t…
Frank Beach
considered the founder of hormones and behaviors; wrote the b…
20 terms
Hormones & Behavior
What are hormones?
What is the name of the body's hormona…
Do hormones travel faster or slower th…
What are the names of 3 glands and 3 h…
Hormones are chemicals that affect behavior. They are produce…
The Endocrine System
Hormones travel slower than neurotransmitters, but last longer.
Glands: Adrenals, Pineal, Pituitary ... Hormones: Adrenaline, Me…
What are hormones?
Hormones are chemicals that affect behavior. They are produce…
What is the name of the body's hormona…
The Endocrine System
29 terms
Hormones and Behavior
Hormone
Peptide Hormones
Thyroid Hormones
Steroid Hormones
Chemical secreted by a gland and conveyed by the blood or lym…
Chains of amino acids (e.g., insulin, Luteinizing hormone(LH)…
derivatives of amino acid tyrosine containing iodine [i.e., t…
Chemicals containing four carbon rings (i.e., estrogens & and…
Hormone
Chemical secreted by a gland and conveyed by the blood or lym…
Peptide Hormones
Chains of amino acids (e.g., insulin, Luteinizing hormone(LH)…
36 terms
Hormones and Behavior
What did DeMarian's isolation experime…
A potent environmental cue regulating…
Biological rhythm that is not synchron…
Phase-response curves represent differ…
Biological rhythms can persist in the absence of environmenta…
Zeitgeber
Free running
zeitgeber
What did DeMarian's isolation experime…
Biological rhythms can persist in the absence of environmenta…
A potent environmental cue regulating…
Zeitgeber
35 terms
Hormones and Behavior
What are the two main sources of energy?
What cells can use glucose?
What cells can use fatty acid?
What is insulin?
Fatty acids and glucose; they convert to ADP through oxidizat…
All cells
All cells except for the brain; heart primarily uses fatty ac…
A hormone that carries glucose and fatty acids into the cell;…
What are the two main sources of energy?
Fatty acids and glucose; they convert to ADP through oxidizat…
What cells can use glucose?
All cells
Hormones and Behavior
what is a hormone
where are hormones produced
principles of hormonal action
Berthold's experiment(importance of ho…
chemical that is secreted by one cell group and travels throu…
major endocrine glands synthesize and secrete hormones within…
gradual action, change intensity, influenced by environmental…
testicular hormones, castration in animals... development was no…
what is a hormone
chemical that is secreted by one cell group and travels throu…
where are hormones produced
major endocrine glands synthesize and secrete hormones within…
16 terms
Hormones and Behavior - Chapt 8
Affiliative behaviors
Hormones and affiliation
Steroid hormones and partner preference
Nonapeptides and social bonding
Social behaviors that bring animals together. For the most pa…
1) Androngens and estrogens... Polygamous species have higher T,…
Gonadal steroid hormones have no effect on partner preference…
Oxytocin increases social partner preference in prairie voles…
Affiliative behaviors
Social behaviors that bring animals together. For the most pa…
Hormones and affiliation
1) Androngens and estrogens... Polygamous species have higher T,…
70 terms
Hormones and Behavior
Associated Reproduction
Disassociated Reproduction
Hydraulic Theory
Apettitive Motivation
Maximum gonadal size, and increased sexual activity, high ste…
Mates at any time. Not related to gonadal size. Ex: snakes an…
Between copulatory episodes, fluid builds up in the seminal v…
Courtship, anogenital investigation, liking, scent marking, h…
Associated Reproduction
Maximum gonadal size, and increased sexual activity, high ste…
Disassociated Reproduction
Mates at any time. Not related to gonadal size. Ex: snakes an…
9 terms
Hormones and Behavior
What is a hormone?
The Anolis Dewlap Disply
Garter Snakes Mating behavior
Prolactin and incubation in yellow eye…
-a chemical substance released by a gland cell into the blood…
-dewlop is red thing on neck... -want to know if testosterone tr…
-basically form large mating aggregations ... -wanted to see if…
-wanted to know what causes the prolactin levels to increase…
What is a hormone?
-a chemical substance released by a gland cell into the blood…
The Anolis Dewlap Disply
-dewlop is red thing on neck... -want to know if testosterone tr…
10 terms
Hormones and Behavior
two parts of pituitary gland
hormone released from posterior
what was Harris's hypothesis
pathway from hypothalamus
anterior and posterior
oxytocin
that there are factors/releasing hormones in the base of the…
hypothalamus releases CRH which causes the interior pit to re…
two parts of pituitary gland
anterior and posterior
hormone released from posterior
oxytocin
21 terms
Hormones and Behavior - Anterior Hormones
GlycoProteins
Somotropin (GH) and PRL
Pro-opiomelanocortin Derivatives
GnRH
GnIH, GnRH, TRH (Somotostatin, Dopamine)
Dopamine (TRH, Seratonin, VIP)
CRH (Vassopressin and Oxytocin)
+
GlycoProteins
GnIH, GnRH, TRH (Somotostatin, Dopamine)
Somotropin (GH) and PRL
Dopamine (TRH, Seratonin, VIP)
Hormones and Behavior
Males with deficiency of 5 alpha reduc…
associated reproductive pattern
dissociated reproductive pattern
Constant reproductive pattern
Have ambiguous genitalia when born, and small, undescended te…
mating occurs at time of maximum gonad activity
mating occurs at time of minimal gonad activity (low levels o…
mating occurs all the time; zebra finch that lives in desert-…
Males with deficiency of 5 alpha reduc…
Have ambiguous genitalia when born, and small, undescended te…
associated reproductive pattern
mating occurs at time of maximum gonad activity
17 terms
Hormones and Behavior
Hormones
Glands of the Endocrine System
Similarities between Hormones and Neur…
Differences between Hormones and Neuro…
The secretion of chemicals by the Endocrine Glands that affec…
Pineal, Adrenal, Thyroid, Pituitary Glands and the Hypothalam…
Both have receptor sites, and both are the release of chemica…
Hormones are released into the blood stream (rather than just…
Hormones
The secretion of chemicals by the Endocrine Glands that affec…
Glands of the Endocrine System
Pineal, Adrenal, Thyroid, Pituitary Glands and the Hypothalam…
40 terms
Hormones and behavior
behavioral endocrinology/neuroendocrin…
mind and body
Bartholomew Traheron
renes descartes
• Brain, hormones, behavior all related
• Hormone to behavior or behavior to hormone—where does it st…
• Heart very important and controls behavior... • 1500's: believ…
• Part of changing perspective that emphasized importance to…
behavioral endocrinology/neuroendocrin…
• Brain, hormones, behavior all related
mind and body
• Hormone to behavior or behavior to hormone—where does it st…
Hormones and Behavior
Things needed for homeostasis
Endotherms internal tem
what is the central body temp detector
what is the peripheral temp detector
Fat Storage ... Nutrients... Food Energy... Fluid Balance ... Body temp
36-38 ideal 37 C
anterior hypothalamus
skin, spinal cord, viscera
Things needed for homeostasis
Fat Storage ... Nutrients... Food Energy... Fluid Balance ... Body temp
Endotherms internal tem
36-38 ideal 37 C
106 terms
hormones and behavior
what are hormones?
what are endocrine glands?
what are exocrine glands?
what are the 4 types of chemical commu…
chemicals secreted by a cell group that travel through the bl…
glands that release hormones within the body
glands that use ducts to secrete fluids outside the body, suc…
1. endocrine communication... 2. synaptic communication... 3. phero…
what are hormones?
chemicals secreted by a cell group that travel through the bl…
what are endocrine glands?
glands that release hormones within the body
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