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Study sets matching "hormones chapter 45"

11 terms
Chapter 45 Hormones and the Endocrine System
hormone
endocrine system
edocrine glands
paracrine signaling
The secretion of an endocrine gland that is transmitted by th…
The system of glands that produce endocrine secretions that h…
Glands that secrete chemicals called hormones directly into t…
Signal released from a cell has an effect on neighboring cells.
hormone
The secretion of an endocrine gland that is transmitted by th…
endocrine system
The system of glands that produce endocrine secretions that h…
13 terms
Chapter 45 Hormones and the Endocrine System
hormone
endocrine system
edocrine glands
neurosecretory cells
The secretion of an endocrine gland that is transmitted by th…
The system of glands that produce endocrine secretions that h…
Glands that secrete chemicals called hormones directly into t…
Neurons that secrete neurohormone rather than neurotransmitter
hormone
The secretion of an endocrine gland that is transmitted by th…
endocrine system
The system of glands that produce endocrine secretions that h…
70 terms
Chapter 45: Hormones & the Endocrine System
Endocrine System
Hormones
Nervous System
Endocrine Signaling (Endo - Within)
Secretes Hormones: Slower but longer-acting responses.... - Rep…
Chemical signals secreted into circulatory system, specific r…
conveys high-speed electrical signals along neurons which reg…
- Secreted into extracellular fluid, travels via bloodstream.…
Endocrine System
Secretes Hormones: Slower but longer-acting responses.... - Rep…
Hormones
Chemical signals secreted into circulatory system, specific r…
25 terms
Hormones and Endocrine System (Chapter 45)
hormone
endocrine system
nervous system
neurotransmitter
in multicellular organisms, one of many types of secreted che…
the internal system of communication involving hormones, the…
the fast-acting internal system of communication involving se…
a molecule that is released from the synaptic terminal of a n…
hormone
in multicellular organisms, one of many types of secreted che…
endocrine system
the internal system of communication involving hormones, the…
70 terms
Hormones & the Endocrine System: Chapter 45
Endocrine System
Hormones
Nervous System
Endocrine Signaling (Endo - Within)
Secretes Hormones: Slower but longer-acting responses.... - Rep…
Chemical signals secreted into circulatory system, specific r…
conveys high-speed electrical signals along neurons which reg…
- Secreted into extracellular fluid, travels via bloodstream.…
Endocrine System
Secretes Hormones: Slower but longer-acting responses.... - Rep…
Hormones
Chemical signals secreted into circulatory system, specific r…
93 terms
Chapter 45 Hormones and the Endocrine System
hormones
In animals, hormones are secreted into…
each hormone binds to specific recepto…
endocrine system
signaling molecules
...
...
one of the two basic systems of communication and regulation,…
hormones
signaling molecules
In animals, hormones are secreted into…
...
72 terms
Chapter 45: Hormones & the Endocrine System
Endocrine System
Hormones
Nervous System
Endocrine Signaling (Endo - Within)
Secretes Hormones: Slower but longer-acting responses.... - Rep…
Chemical signals secreted into circulatory system, specific r…
conveys high-speed electrical signals along neurons which reg…
- Secreted into extracellular fluid, travels via bloodstream.…
Endocrine System
Secretes Hormones: Slower but longer-acting responses.... - Rep…
Hormones
Chemical signals secreted into circulatory system, specific r…
13 terms
Chapter 45 Hormones and the Endocrine System
hormone
endocrine system
edocrine glands
neurosecretory cells
The secretion of an endocrine gland that is transmitted by th…
The system of glands that produce endocrine secretions that h…
Glands that secrete chemicals called hormones directly into t…
Neurons that secrete neurohormone rather than neurotransmitter
hormone
The secretion of an endocrine gland that is transmitted by th…
endocrine system
The system of glands that produce endocrine secretions that h…
70 terms
Chapter 45: Hormones & the Endocrine System
Endocrine System
Hormones
Nervous System
Endocrine Signaling (Endo - Within)
Secretes Hormones: Slower but longer-acting responses.... - Rep…
Chemical signals secreted into circulatory system, specific r…
conveys high-speed electrical signals along neurons which reg…
- Secreted into extracellular fluid, travels via bloodstream.…
Endocrine System
Secretes Hormones: Slower but longer-acting responses.... - Rep…
Hormones
Chemical signals secreted into circulatory system, specific r…
33 terms
Chapter 45 : Hormones and the endocrine system
Hormones
Endocrine glands
Exocrine glands
Lipid-soluble hormones
Chemical signals secreted into circulatory system and communi…
Ductless organs made of a group of endocrine cells. They secr…
They have ducts and secrete onto body surfaces or into cavities
They diffuse across cell membranes, travel in bloodstream bou…
Hormones
Chemical signals secreted into circulatory system and communi…
Endocrine glands
Ductless organs made of a group of endocrine cells. They secr…
68 terms
Chapter 45: Hormones and the Endocrine System
hormones
endocrine system
nervous sytem
endocrine signaling
signaling molecules
one of the two basic systems for communication and regulation…
other major communication and control system; a network of sp…
secreted molecules diffuse into the bloodstream and trigger r…
hormones
signaling molecules
endocrine system
one of the two basic systems for communication and regulation…
21 terms
Chapter 45 Hormones and the Endocrine System
Hormone
Endocrine System
Endocrine Glands
Local Regulators
In multicellular organisms, one of many types of secreted che…
The internal system of communication involving hormones, the…
A ductless gland that secretes hormones directly into the int…
A secreted molecule that influences cells near where it is se…
Hormone
In multicellular organisms, one of many types of secreted che…
Endocrine System
The internal system of communication involving hormones, the…
70 terms
Chapter 45: Hormones & the Endocrine System
Endocrine System
Hormones
Nervous System
Endocrine Signaling (Endo - Within)
Secretes Hormones: Slower but longer-acting responses.... - Rep…
Chemical signals secreted into circulatory system, specific r…
conveys high-speed electrical signals along neurons which reg…
- Secreted into extracellular fluid, travels via bloodstream.…
Endocrine System
Secretes Hormones: Slower but longer-acting responses.... - Rep…
Hormones
Chemical signals secreted into circulatory system, specific r…
18 terms
chapter 45 Hormones and the Endocrine System
if calcium levels rise above a set poi…
endocrine system
endocrine glands
hormones
thyroid gland releases calcitonin
the sum of all its hormone-secreting cells and tissues
ductless and secrete hormones
chemical signals that cause a response in target cells
if calcium levels rise above a set poi…
thyroid gland releases calcitonin
endocrine system
the sum of all its hormone-secreting cells and tissues
10 terms
Chapter 45 Hormones
Autocrine
Hormone
Hypothalamus
Local Regulator
Referring to a secreted molecule that acts on the cell that s…
In multicellular organisms, one of many types of secreted che…
The ventral part of the vertebrate forebrain; functions in ma…
A secreted molecule that influences cells near where it is se…
Autocrine
Referring to a secreted molecule that acts on the cell that s…
Hormone
In multicellular organisms, one of many types of secreted che…
Chapter 45 Hormones
growth hormone (GH)
thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
T3 and T4 hormones
stimulates growth (especially bones) and metabolic functions;…
stimulates thyroid gland; regulated by hypothalamic hormones
stimulated adrenal cortex to secrete glucocorticoids; regulat…
stimulate and maintain metabolic processes; regulated by TSH
growth hormone (GH)
stimulates growth (especially bones) and metabolic functions;…
thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
stimulates thyroid gland; regulated by hypothalamic hormones
16 terms
CHAPTER 45 HORMONES
Growth Hormone
Prolactin
TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone)
T4 and thyroxine
secreted by pituitary and increases cell size and stimulates…
secreted by pituitary and stimulates female milk production
secreted by anterior pituitary and helps with secretion of th…
secreted by thyroid and regulates metabolism
Growth Hormone
secreted by pituitary and increases cell size and stimulates…
Prolactin
secreted by pituitary and stimulates female milk production
17 terms
Chapter 45 Hormones
Oxytocin (Pos.)
ADH (Pos.)
Growth Hormone (Ant.)
Prolactin (Ant.)
Contraction of uterus and mammary gland cells
Retention of water by kidneys
Stimulates growth and metabolic functions
Stimulates milk production and secretion
Oxytocin (Pos.)
Contraction of uterus and mammary gland cells
ADH (Pos.)
Retention of water by kidneys
24 terms
Chapter 45: Hormones
hormone
endocrine glands
exocrine glands
local regulators
molecule secreted into blood or lymph and communicates regula…
ductless organs that ooze hormones into surrounding fluid
ducts that carry substance onto body surface or cavity e.g. t…
secreted molecules that act over short distances and diffuse…
hormone
molecule secreted into blood or lymph and communicates regula…
endocrine glands
ductless organs that ooze hormones into surrounding fluid
18 terms
Chapter 45 Hormones
GH
LH
TSH
FSH
stimulates growth and metabolism
stimulates release of eggs
stimulates thyroid
stimulates production of eggs and sperm
GH
stimulates growth and metabolism
LH
stimulates release of eggs
30 terms
Chapter 45 Hormones
Posterior Pituitary Gland
Oxytocin
Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)
Anterior Pituitary Gland
Secretes oxytocin and ADH
Stimulates contraction of uterus and mammary gland cells
Promotes retention of water by kidneys
Secretes Growth Hormones (GH), Prolactin (PRL), Follicle-Stim…
Posterior Pituitary Gland
Secretes oxytocin and ADH
Oxytocin
Stimulates contraction of uterus and mammary gland cells
30 terms
Chapter 45 hormones
Oxytocin
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
Growth Hormone (GH)
Prolactin (PRL)
Peptide; Stimulates contraction of uterus and mammary gland c…
Peptide; Promotes retention of water by kidneys.
Protein; stimulates growth( especially bones) and metabolic f…
Protein; stimulates milk production and secretion.
Oxytocin
Peptide; Stimulates contraction of uterus and mammary gland c…
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
Peptide; Promotes retention of water by kidneys.
20 terms
Chapter 45 Hormones
Oxytocin
Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)
Growth Hormone (GH)
Prolactin (PRL)
Stimulates contraction of uterus and mammary gland cells
Promotes retention of water by kidneys
Stimulates growth (especially bones) and metabolic functions
Stimulates milk production and secretion
Oxytocin
Stimulates contraction of uterus and mammary gland cells
Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)
Promotes retention of water by kidneys
9 terms
chapter 45 hormones
negative feedback
which areas of the brain are the endoc…
functions of the anterior pituitary
function of the posterior pituitary
self-limiting by checking either hormones or parameter of int…
hypothalmus and pituitary gland
an endocrine gland that synthesizes and secretes hormones in…
recieves nerve signals from hypothalmus; extension of the hyp…
negative feedback
self-limiting by checking either hormones or parameter of int…
which areas of the brain are the endoc…
hypothalmus and pituitary gland
47 terms
Chapter 45: Hormones and the Endocrine System
2. What are hormones?
3. What are two specific differences b…
4. What are the four different types o…
5. What are the three types of hormona…
chemical signals that are secreted into the circulatory syste…
endocrine system secretes hormones/coordinate slower but long…
-Hormones... -Local regulators... -Neurotransmitters and Neurohormo…
(a) Simple endocrine pathway... (b) Simple neurohormone pathway…
2. What are hormones?
chemical signals that are secreted into the circulatory syste…
3. What are two specific differences b…
endocrine system secretes hormones/coordinate slower but long…
47 terms
Chapter 45: Hormones and the Endocrine System
2. What are hormones?
3. What are two specific differences b…
4. What are the four different types o…
5. What are the three types of hormona…
chemical signals that are secreted into the circulatory syste…
endocrine system secretes hormones/coordinate slower but long…
-Hormones... -Local regulators... -Neurotransmitters and Neurohormo…
(a) Simple endocrine pathway... (b) Simple neurohormone pathway…
2. What are hormones?
chemical signals that are secreted into the circulatory syste…
3. What are two specific differences b…
endocrine system secretes hormones/coordinate slower but long…
45 terms
Chapter 45 - Hormones
Signals are transmitted between animal…
Hormones that are secreted into extrac…
Hormones released in bloodstream by en…
Paracrine Signaling
type of secreting cell... route taken by signal to target
bloodstream
maintains homeostasis... mediates responses to stimuli... regulates…
target cells lie near secreting cells
Signals are transmitted between animal…
type of secreting cell... route taken by signal to target
Hormones that are secreted into extrac…
bloodstream
54 terms
Chapter 45 Hormones
Animals Hormones
What is one thing in insects that is r…
Endocrine System
Nervous System
chemical signals that are secreted into the circulatory syste…
metamorphosis
secretes hormones that coordinate slower but longer-acting re…
conveys high-speed electrical signals along specialized cells…
Animals Hormones
chemical signals that are secreted into the circulatory syste…
What is one thing in insects that is r…
metamorphosis
26 terms
Chapter 45: Hormones
Hypothalamus function:
Oxytocin class, action, & regulation?
What are the 2 posterior pituitary hor…
Antidiuretic (ADH) class, action, & re…
Release hormones form posterior pituitary gland... that regulate…
Class: Peptide... Action: Stimulate uterus & mammary gland contr…
1. Oxytocin... 2. Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
Class: Peptide... Action: Promote kidney H₂O retention... Regulated…
Hypothalamus function:
Release hormones form posterior pituitary gland... that regulate…
Oxytocin class, action, & regulation?
Class: Peptide... Action: Stimulate uterus & mammary gland contr…
85 terms
Chapter 45: Hormones & the Endocrine System EDITED
Endocrine System
Hormones
Nervous System
Endocrine Signaling (Endo - Within)
Secretes Hormones: Slower but longer-acting responses.... - Rep…
Chemical signals secreted into circulatory system, specific r…
conveys high-speed electrical signals along neurons which reg…
- Secreted into extracellular fluid, travels via bloodstream…
Endocrine System
Secretes Hormones: Slower but longer-acting responses.... - Rep…
Hormones
Chemical signals secreted into circulatory system, specific r…
15 terms
Bio Hormones Chapter 45
Oxytocin
ADH (anti diuretic)
Growth hormone
Prolactin
Posterior pituitary, uterus contractions and mammary gland ce…
Posterior pituitary, Promotors kidney's retention of water
Stimulates growth and metabolism
Stimulates milk production
Oxytocin
Posterior pituitary, uterus contractions and mammary gland ce…
ADH (anti diuretic)
Posterior pituitary, Promotors kidney's retention of water
21 terms
Hormones- Endocrine (Chapter 45)
Hypothalamus
Oxytocin
Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)
Growth Hormone (GH)
Hormones released from the posterior pituitary and hormones t…
Posterior, peptide, Stimulates contractions of uterus and mam…
Posterior, Peptide, Promotes retention of water in Kidneys, W…
Anterior, Protein, Stimulates growth and metabolic functions,…
Hypothalamus
Hormones released from the posterior pituitary and hormones t…
Oxytocin
Posterior, peptide, Stimulates contractions of uterus and mam…
20 terms
20 Hormones (chapter 45)
Oxytocin
Antidiuretic hormone
Growth Hormone (GH)
Prolactin
posterior pituitary gland; ... contraction of uterus and mammary…
posterior pituitary gland; ... retention of water in kidneys
anterior pituitary gland; ... growth and metabolic functions
anterior pituitary gland; ... milk production and secretion
Oxytocin
posterior pituitary gland; ... contraction of uterus and mammary…
Antidiuretic hormone
posterior pituitary gland; ... retention of water in kidneys
88 terms
Chapter 45. Animal Hormones Bio 1201 LSU
Animal Hormones:
Hormones reach all parts of the body,…
Two systems coordinate communication t…
The endocrine system :
chemical signals that are secreted into the circulatory syste…
cells with appropriate receptors equipped to respond
1.) the endocrine system ... 2.) the nervous system
secretes hormones that coordinate slower but longer-acting re…
Animal Hormones:
chemical signals that are secreted into the circulatory syste…
Hormones reach all parts of the body,…
cells with appropriate receptors equipped to respond
30 terms
chapter 45 bio hormones
melatonin
oxycotin and vasopressin
follicle-stimulating hormone and lutei…
thyroid-stimulating hormone
participates in regulation of biological rhythyms
hormones released from posterior pituitary
stimulate ovaries and testes
stimulates thyroid gland
melatonin
participates in regulation of biological rhythyms
oxycotin and vasopressin
hormones released from posterior pituitary
10 terms
Chapter 45 endocrine hormones
Oxytocin
ADH
Growth hormone
TSH (thyroid- stimulating hormone)
posterior pituitary
posterior pituitary
anterior pituitary gland
anterior pituitary gland
Oxytocin
posterior pituitary
ADH
posterior pituitary
41 terms
Chapter 45: Hormones and Endocrine System
Local regulators.
Paracrine signaling.
Autocrine signaling.
Endocrine signaling.
What are molecules that act over short distances and reach ta…
What method involves the target cells lying near the secretin…
In what method is the target cell also the secreting cell?
What method reaches the target cells through the bloodstream?
Local regulators.
What are molecules that act over short distances and reach ta…
Paracrine signaling.
What method involves the target cells lying near the secretin…
70 terms
Chapter 45: Hormones & the Endocrine System
Endocrine System
Hormones
Nervous System
Endocrine Signaling (Endo - Within)
Secretes Hormones: Slower but longer-acting responses.... - Rep…
Chemical signals secreted into circulatory system, specific r…
conveys high-speed electrical signals along neurons which reg…
- Secreted into extracellular fluid, travels via bloodstream.…
Endocrine System
Secretes Hormones: Slower but longer-acting responses.... - Rep…
Hormones
Chemical signals secreted into circulatory system, specific r…
11 terms
Bio Chapter 45 Hormones
What is the purpose of the Hypothalamus?
Posterior pituitary gland
Anterior pituitary gland
Thyroid gland
Inhibits or encourages hormones of the Posterior pituitary gl…
Oxytocin & Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)
Growth Hormone (GH)... Prolactin (PRL)... Follicle-stimulating horm…
Triiodothyronine (T3)... Thyroxine (T4)... Calcitonin
What is the purpose of the Hypothalamus?
Inhibits or encourages hormones of the Posterior pituitary gl…
Posterior pituitary gland
Oxytocin & Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)
26 terms
Chapter 45 Hormones and Endocrine
Hormone
Endocrine system
Nervous system
Endocrine Glands
chemical signals that are secreted in the circulatory system…
slower but longer acting responses, reproduction growth and b…
Conveys high speed electrical signals along cells called neur…
ductless and secrete directly into surrounding fluid
Hormone
chemical signals that are secreted in the circulatory system…
Endocrine system
slower but longer acting responses, reproduction growth and b…
9 terms
Chapter 45 hormones to know
hydrophobic
hydrophilic
Peptides and proteins
Amino acid derivatives
steroids -sex steroids, corticosteroids, thyroid hormones
Amino acid derivatives and peptides and proteins
hydrophilic- insulin
hydrophilic- melatonin
hydrophobic
steroids -sex steroids, corticosteroids, thyroid hormones
hydrophilic
Amino acid derivatives and peptides and proteins
127 terms
Chapter 45 - Reproduction (hormones)
What is the function of the endocrine…
What is the nervous system?
Which systems overlap in function?
What are the two criteria for classify…
chemical signaling by hormones
a network of specialized cells - neurons - that transmit sign…
the nervous and endocrine
the type of secreting cell and the route taken by the signal…
What is the function of the endocrine…
chemical signaling by hormones
What is the nervous system?
a network of specialized cells - neurons - that transmit sign…
14 terms
Chapter 45 - Hormones
Hormone
Endocrine, Nervous
Endocrine Signaling
Paracrine Signaling
A molecule that is secreted into extracellular fluid, circula…
Two systems for Communication and Control
Diffuse into blood-stream
Local signaling
Hormone
A molecule that is secreted into extracellular fluid, circula…
Endocrine, Nervous
Two systems for Communication and Control
24 terms
Chapter 45, Hormones and the Endocrine System, Campbell 8e
Hormone
Endocrine System
Nervous System
Endocrine Gland
A molecule that is secreted into the extracellular fluid, cir…
Glands secrete hormones that regulate processes such as growt…
Network of neurons that transmit signals along dedicated path…
Glands of the endocrine system that release hormones into the…
Hormone
A molecule that is secreted into the extracellular fluid, cir…
Endocrine System
Glands secrete hormones that regulate processes such as growt…
13 terms
Chapter 45: Glands and Hormones
Pineal Gland
Hypothalamus
Pituitary Gland
Anterior Pituitary
Melatonin: Participates in regulation of biological rhythms
- Hormones released from Posterior Pituitary (Oxytocin and Va…
Anterior Pituitary and Posterior Pituitary
- Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH) and Luteinizing Hormone…
Pineal Gland
Melatonin: Participates in regulation of biological rhythms
Hypothalamus
- Hormones released from Posterior Pituitary (Oxytocin and Va…
33 terms
Bio 109 chapter 45: Hormones and the Endocrine System
Hormones
Hormones reach all parts of the body,…
what are the two systems that coordina…
what does the endocrine system do?
-a chemical signal that is produced in one part of the body (…
target cells -
1. endocrine system... 2. nervous system
coordinates slower but longer-acting responses including repr…
Hormones
-a chemical signal that is produced in one part of the body (…
Hormones reach all parts of the body,…
target cells -
10 terms
Biology 2: Chapter 45: Hormones and The Endocrine System
What two criteria classify the communi…
What are the 5 types of intercellular…
What is endocrine signaling?
What is paracrine signaling?
Intercellular communication between animal cells is classifie…
-Endocrine signaling... -Paracrine signaling... -Autocrine signalin…
Endocrine signaling involves the endocrine cell releasing hor…
Paracrine signaling involves the secreting cells to release h…
What two criteria classify the communi…
Intercellular communication between animal cells is classifie…
What are the 5 types of intercellular…
-Endocrine signaling... -Paracrine signaling... -Autocrine signalin…
34 terms
Chapter 45: Hormones & endocrine system
signaling molecules secreted into the…
hormones reach all cells, but only bin…
chemical signaling by hormones
transmitting signals along dedicated p…
What are hormones and where are they secreted?
What do hormones reach/bind to?
what is the endocrine system responsible for?
what is the nervous system responsible for?
signaling molecules secreted into the…
What are hormones and where are they secreted?
hormones reach all cells, but only bin…
What do hormones reach/bind to?
67 terms
Chapter 45: Hormones and the Endocrine System
What is a hormone?
Why does the hormone elicit a response…
The body has two long distance regulat…
What is the other major communication…
A molecule secreted in the body that elicits a response
Hormones have a specific receptor that matches the target cell
the endocrine system
The nervous system
What is a hormone?
A molecule secreted in the body that elicits a response
Why does the hormone elicit a response…
Hormones have a specific receptor that matches the target cell
78 terms
Chapter 45: Hormones & Endocrine System
Animal Hormones
Hormones reach
The two systems that coordinate commun…
Endocrine System
chemical signals that are secreted into the circulatory syste…
all parts of the body, but only target cels are equipped to r…
The endocrine system and the nervous system
secretes hormones that cordinate slower but longer acting res…
Animal Hormones
chemical signals that are secreted into the circulatory syste…
Hormones reach
all parts of the body, but only target cels are equipped to r…
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