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Study sets matching "hormones"

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Study sets matching "hormones"

17 terms
Hormones
Oestrogen
Progesterone
anti-diuretic hormone
adrenalin
controls development of female secondary sexual characteristi…
regulates menstrual cycle; secreted from the ovaries
also known as ADH; secreted by the pituitary; controls the wa…
prepares the body for physical activity; released from the ad…
Oestrogen
controls development of female secondary sexual characteristi…
Progesterone
regulates menstrual cycle; secreted from the ovaries
40 terms
Hormones
Hormones of the Anterior Pituitary
Hormones of the Posterior Pituitary
Pulsatile Function
Thyroid Axis
TSH, FSH, LH, ACTH, GH, Prolactin
Vasopressin, Oxytocin
Important component of hypothalamic action; hormones are not…
Hormones of the Anterior Pituitary
TSH, FSH, LH, ACTH, GH, Prolactin
Hormones of the Posterior Pituitary
Vasopressin, Oxytocin
28 terms
HORMONES
ADH
Aldosterone
hCG
Erythropoetin
ADH
Aldosterone
15 terms
Hormones
Estrogen
Prolactin
anti-diuretic hormone
adrenalin
controls development of female secondary sexual characteristi…
Promotes production of milk
also known as ADH; secreted by the pituitary; controls the wa…
prepares the body for physical activity; released from the ad…
Estrogen
controls development of female secondary sexual characteristi…
Prolactin
Promotes production of milk
22 terms
Hormones
oxytocin
antidiuretic hormone(ADH)
posterior pituitary
prolactin
targets reproductive organs... smooth muscle contraction
targets kidneys... water retention
oxytocin & ADH (what gland?)
targets mammary glands... milk production
oxytocin
targets reproductive organs... smooth muscle contraction
antidiuretic hormone(ADH)
targets kidneys... water retention
121 terms
hormones
posterior pituitary
uterus and mammary glands
uterine contraction and milk let-down
uterus/cervix stretch and nipple stimu…
Where is oxytocin secreted?
What are the targets of oxytocin?
what is the response of oxytocin?
what is oxytocin controlled by?
posterior pituitary
Where is oxytocin secreted?
uterus and mammary glands
What are the targets of oxytocin?
61 terms
Hormones
Thyroid Releasing Hormone
Growth Hormone Releasing Hormone
Prolactin Releasing Hormone
Corticotropic Releasing Hormone
Stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone
Stimulates secretion of growth hormone
Stimulates the release of prolactin
Stimulates the release adrenocorticotrpic hormone
Thyroid Releasing Hormone
Stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone
Growth Hormone Releasing Hormone
Stimulates secretion of growth hormone
22 terms
Hormones
ADH (Antidiuretic hormone)
Oxytocin Hormone
Hypothalamic - Releasing Hormone
Hypothalamic - Inhibiting Hormones
Produce: Hypothalamus ... Released: Posterior pituitary ... Targe…
Produce: Hypothalamus ... Released: Posterior Pituitary ... Target:…
Produce: Hypothalamus ... Released: Hypothalamus ... Target: Anteri…
Produce: Hypothalamus ... Released: Hypothalamus ... Target: Anteri…
ADH (Antidiuretic hormone)
Produce: Hypothalamus ... Released: Posterior pituitary ... Targe…
Oxytocin Hormone
Produce: Hypothalamus ... Released: Posterior Pituitary ... Target:…
73 terms
Hormones
What two structures work together with…
Types off cellular communication (4)
gap junctions
Neurotransmitters
hypothalamus and pituitary gland
gap junctions... neurotransmitters... paracrines... hormones
portal inbetween cells that speeds up local communication- su…
released from axon on neuron
What two structures work together with…
hypothalamus and pituitary gland
Types off cellular communication (4)
gap junctions... neurotransmitters... paracrines... hormones
25 terms
Hormones
What is the endocrine system?
What is a hormone?
What do hormones act slowly?
Why are hormones called specific?
a system that controls body processes by releasing chemical m…
Hormones are chemical molecules that act as messengers in the…
Because they must travel through the bloodstream to the cells…
because they only act on particular cells in the body.
What is the endocrine system?
a system that controls body processes by releasing chemical m…
What is a hormone?
Hormones are chemical molecules that act as messengers in the…
65 terms
hormones
Hypothalamus location
Hypothalamus secretes
Hypothalamus secretes examples:
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone Releasing…
Diencephalon of brain
Releasing hormone for every one of the hormones which the Ant…
Thyroid stimulating hormone releasing hormone=TSHRH... Follicle…
TSHRH-stimulates the anterior pituitary to secrete TSH
Hypothalamus location
Diencephalon of brain
Hypothalamus secretes
Releasing hormone for every one of the hormones which the Ant…
10 terms
Hormones
Oestrogen
Progesterone
anti-diuretic hormone
adrenalin
controls development of female secondary sexual characteristi…
regulates menstrual cycle; secreted from the ovaries
also known as ADH; secreted by the pituitary; controls the wa…
prepares the body for physical activity; released from the ad…
Oestrogen
controls development of female secondary sexual characteristi…
Progesterone
regulates menstrual cycle; secreted from the ovaries
38 terms
Hormones
Antidiuretic Hormone
Oxytocin
Posterior Pituitary Gland
Human Growth Hormone
ADH (Vasopressin... Secreted by Posterior Pituitary... -peptide... -ca…
Secreted by Posterior Pituitary... -peptide... -increases uterine c…
-Stores hormones produced by hypothalamus... -Secretes ADH and O…
HGH... -Secreted by Anterior Pituitary... -Peptide... -Stimulates grow…
Antidiuretic Hormone
ADH (Vasopressin... Secreted by Posterior Pituitary... -peptide... -ca…
Oxytocin
Secreted by Posterior Pituitary... -peptide... -increases uterine c…
18 terms
Hormones
Hormones
Differentiating Hormones
Endocrine Signaling
Paracrine Signaling
one of the many types of secreted chemicals that are formed i…
1) the type of cell that secretes the hormones; ... 2) the mode…
hormones diffuse and travel along with the blood stream; Resp…
Regulate locally; ... Target cell is close to releasing cell;... No…
Hormones
one of the many types of secreted chemicals that are formed i…
Differentiating Hormones
1) the type of cell that secretes the hormones; ... 2) the mode…
15 terms
Hormones
Growth hormone
TSH
ACTH
FSH
This hormone targets all tissues and organs in the body and c…
This hormone does exactly what its name implies. It stimulate…
This hormone stimulates the adrenal cortex (the outer layer o…
This hormone's target organs are the gonads. In the female it…
Growth hormone
This hormone targets all tissues and organs in the body and c…
TSH
This hormone does exactly what its name implies. It stimulate…
20 terms
hormones
growth hormones
adrenocortiotropic
thyroid stimulating
follicle stimulating and leutinizing h…
skeletal muscle and long bone growth... maintains blood sugar le…
regulates endocrine activity of adrenal gland... produced by the…
influences growth and activity of thyroid gland... produced by t…
regulates the hormone activity in the ovaries and testes... prod…
growth hormones
skeletal muscle and long bone growth... maintains blood sugar le…
adrenocortiotropic
regulates endocrine activity of adrenal gland... produced by the…
19 terms
Hormones
ADH
Oxytocin
Thyrotropin
ACTH
ADH
Oxytocin
44 terms
Hormones
Byetta
Prempro
propecia
AndroGel
exenatide; hormone
conjugated estrogens and medroxyprogesterone; hormone
finasteride; hormone
testosterone; androgen
Byetta
exenatide; hormone
Prempro
conjugated estrogens and medroxyprogesterone; hormone
20 terms
Hormones
The female patient produced multiple e…
2. The patient has an increase in bloo…
3. The patient has an increased amount…
4. The patient is a 13 year-old male.…
FSH
Glucagon
aldosterone
prolactin
The female patient produced multiple e…
FSH
2. The patient has an increase in bloo…
Glucagon
89 terms
Hormones
Helps maintain blood sugar levels
brings glucose levels up
where is glucagon produced
where is somatostatin secreted from
insulin
glucagon
pancreas
hypothalamus, pancreas, gi tract
Helps maintain blood sugar levels
insulin
brings glucose levels up
glucagon
16 terms
Hormones
What BODY SYSTEM are hormones part of ?
What is a hormone ?
What is PUBERTY ?
What happens to BOYS at PUBERTY ?
The ENDOCRINE SYSTEM.
It's a CHEMICAL MESSENGER.
When HORMONES make CHANGES in boys to make them men and girls…
GROW TALLER.... GET MORE MUSCULAR.... SHOULDERS BROADEN.... PENIS GROW…
What BODY SYSTEM are hormones part of ?
The ENDOCRINE SYSTEM.
What is a hormone ?
It's a CHEMICAL MESSENGER.
9 terms
Hormones
Hormones
Endocrine Glands
Target Organs
Adrenaline
Chemical messengers, mostly those manufactured by the endocri…
Glands of the endocrine system that release hormones into the…
organs that respond to a particular hormone
A hormone released into the bloodstream in response to physic…
Hormones
Chemical messengers, mostly those manufactured by the endocri…
Endocrine Glands
Glands of the endocrine system that release hormones into the…
14 terms
Hormones
PTH
Adrenal medulla
Adrenal medulla
Anterior Pituitary
Increases absorption of calcium into blood
Secretes epinephrine
Secretes aldosterone
Secretes GH, POMC, TSH, ACTH, FSH, LH, and Prolactin
PTH
Increases absorption of calcium into blood
Adrenal medulla
Secretes epinephrine
26 terms
Hormones
Antidiuretic Hormone
Oxytocin
Posterior Pituitary Gland
Human Growth Hormone
ADH (Vasopressin... Secreted by Posterior Pituitary... -peptide... -ca…
Secreted by Posterior Pituitary... -peptide... -increases uterine c…
-Stores hormones produced by hypothalamus... -Secretes ADH and O…
HGH... -Secreted by Anterior Pituitary... -Peptide... -Stimulates grow…
Antidiuretic Hormone
ADH (Vasopressin... Secreted by Posterior Pituitary... -peptide... -ca…
Oxytocin
Secreted by Posterior Pituitary... -peptide... -increases uterine c…
28 terms
HORMONES
ADH
Aldosterone
hCG
Erythropoetin
ADH
Aldosterone
32 terms
Hormones
PIF
GHRH
TRH
CRF
Hypothalamus... Inhibits release of prolactin
Hypothalamus... Promotes release of growth hormone
Hypothalamus... Promotes release of TSH
Hypothalamus... Promotes release of ACTH
PIF
Hypothalamus... Inhibits release of prolactin
GHRH
Hypothalamus... Promotes release of growth hormone
22 terms
Hormones
oxytocin
antidiuretic hormone(ADH)
posterior pituitary
prolactin
targets reproductive organs... smooth muscle contraction
targets kidneys... water retention
oxytocin & ADH (what gland?)
targets mammary glands... milk production
oxytocin
targets reproductive organs... smooth muscle contraction
antidiuretic hormone(ADH)
targets kidneys... water retention
Hormones
Prolactin releasing hormone (PRH)
Dopamine/Prolactin Inhibiting Hormone(…
Thyrotropin Releasing Hormone (TRH)
Corticotropin Releasing Hormone (CRH)
Triggered by: parturition, mammary glands empty... Action: incre…
Triggered by: mammary glands too full, weaning off breast-fee…
Triggered by: low levels of T3/T4, long term stress... Action: i…
Triggered by: low levels of cortisol ... Action: increases ACTH…
Prolactin releasing hormone (PRH)
Triggered by: parturition, mammary glands empty... Action: incre…
Dopamine/Prolactin Inhibiting Hormone(…
Triggered by: mammary glands too full, weaning off breast-fee…
20 terms
Hormones
Insulin and glucagon
Thyroid-stimulating hormone, follicle-…
hypothalamus, thyroid and parathyroid…
steroid
protein hormones made in the pancreas that regulate metabolism
protein hormones made in the anterior pituitary gland
producers of protein or peptide hormones
derived from cholesterol
Insulin and glucagon
protein hormones made in the pancreas that regulate metabolism
Thyroid-stimulating hormone, follicle-…
protein hormones made in the anterior pituitary gland
26 terms
Hormones
Gland;Name (Class)
Hypothalamus; Releasing and Inhibiting…
Anterior Pituitary;growth hormone (GH)…
Anterior Pituitary;prolactin (peptide)
Target/Effect
anterior pituitary/modify activity
↑bone and muscle growth, ↑ cell turnover rate
mammary gland/milk production
Gland;Name (Class)
Target/Effect
Hypothalamus; Releasing and Inhibiting…
anterior pituitary/modify activity
15 terms
Hormones
Growth hormone
TSH
ACTH
FSH
This hormone targets all tissues and organs in the body and c…
This hormone does exactly what its name implies. It stimulate…
This hormone stimulates the adrenal cortex (the outer layer o…
This hormone's target organs are the gonads. In the female it…
Growth hormone
This hormone targets all tissues and organs in the body and c…
TSH
This hormone does exactly what its name implies. It stimulate…
21 terms
Hormones
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
Aldosterone (mineralocorticoid)
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
Calcitonin
A= Stimulate secretion of glucocorticoids (mainly CORTISOL) b…
A= increase rate of Na+ transport into the body, increase rat…
A= Increase water reabsorption in the renal tubules ... T= Dist…
A= Decreases break down of bone (blocks osteoclast), inhibits…
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
A= Stimulate secretion of glucocorticoids (mainly CORTISOL) b…
Aldosterone (mineralocorticoid)
A= increase rate of Na+ transport into the body, increase rat…
19 terms
Hormones
Adrenalin
Insulin
Testosterone
Oestrogen
Site of production: Adrenal Gland... Target organ/cells: Vital o…
Site of production: Pancreas... Target organ/cells: Liver... Role i…
Site of production: Testes... Target organ/cells: Male reproduct…
Site of production: Ovaries... Target organ/cells: Ovaries, Uter…
Adrenalin
Site of production: Adrenal Gland... Target organ/cells: Vital o…
Insulin
Site of production: Pancreas... Target organ/cells: Liver... Role i…
8 terms
Hormones
T3 and T4
insulin
glucagon
calcitonin
produced: Thyroid gland... Effects: ↑ following, basal metabolic…
Produced: pancreas... Effect: decreases blood sugar by causing t…
Produced: pancreas... effect: increase blood sugar by causing th…
produced: thyroid... effect: decreases blood calcium levels by i…
T3 and T4
produced: Thyroid gland... Effects: ↑ following, basal metabolic…
insulin
Produced: pancreas... Effect: decreases blood sugar by causing t…
63 terms
Hormones
ACTH
ACTH
ADH
ADH
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (corticotropin)
Anterior pituitary
Antidiuretic hormone (arginine vasopressin)
Posterior pituitary
ACTH
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (corticotropin)
ACTH
Anterior pituitary
17 terms
Hormones
ADH (Antidiuretic hormone)
Oxytocin Hormone
TSH (Thyroid stimulating hormone)
ACTH (Adrenocorticotropic hormone)
Produce: Hypothalamus ... Released: Posterior pituitary ... Targe…
Produce: Hypothalamus ... Released: Posterior Pituitary ... Target:…
Produce: Anterior Pituitary ... Released: Anterior Pituitary ... Ta…
Produce: Anterior pituitary ... Released: Anterior pituitary ... Ta…
ADH (Antidiuretic hormone)
Produce: Hypothalamus ... Released: Posterior pituitary ... Targe…
Oxytocin Hormone
Produce: Hypothalamus ... Released: Posterior Pituitary ... Target:…
22 terms
Hormones
ADH (Antidiuretic hormone)
Oxytocin Hormone
Hypothalamic - Releasing Hormone
Hypothalamic - Inhibiting Hormones
Produce: Hypothalamus ... Released: Posterior pituitary ... Targe…
Produce: Hypothalamus ... Released: Posterior Pituitary ... Target:…
Produce: Hypothalamus ... Released: Hypothalamus ... Target: Anteri…
Produce: Hypothalamus ... Released: Hypothalamus ... Target: Anteri…
ADH (Antidiuretic hormone)
Produce: Hypothalamus ... Released: Posterior pituitary ... Targe…
Oxytocin Hormone
Produce: Hypothalamus ... Released: Posterior Pituitary ... Target:…
22 terms
Hormones
Human Growth Hormone
Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone
Follicle- Stimulating Hormone
Luteinizing Hormone
Pituitary Gland Anterior
pituitary Gland Anterior
Pituitary Gland Anterior
Pituitary Gland Anterior
Human Growth Hormone
Pituitary Gland Anterior
Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone
pituitary Gland Anterior
51 terms
Hormones
Nervous System
Endocrine system
Endocrine - chemical messenger
Endocrine - site of release
Fast, point to point, electrical signalling
Slow, long distance, secretes chemical messengers (hormones)…
Hormones
Bloodstream
Nervous System
Fast, point to point, electrical signalling
Endocrine system
Slow, long distance, secretes chemical messengers (hormones)…
9 terms
hormones
pituitary gland
pineal gland
thyroid gland
parathryoid gland
somatotropin- increases protein synthesis... thyroid stimulating…
melatonin- influences biological rhythms
thyroxine, triiodothyronine-controls metabolic rate, affects…
parathyroid hormone- increases calcium and decreases phosphate
pituitary gland
somatotropin- increases protein synthesis... thyroid stimulating…
pineal gland
melatonin- influences biological rhythms
6 terms
Hormones
ADH (vasopressin)
renin
angiotensin II
aldosterone
increases H2O permeability by activating V2 receptors leading…
converts angiotensinogen to angiotensin I, secreted by extrag…
stimulates secretion of aldosterone from adrenal gland, vasoc…
increase Na+ and (minimally H2O) absorption in principal cell…
ADH (vasopressin)
increases H2O permeability by activating V2 receptors leading…
renin
converts angiotensinogen to angiotensin I, secreted by extrag…
25 terms
Hormones
Growth Hormone (GH)
Prolactin (PRL)
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
Org - anterior pituitary gland... Targ - long bones & skeletal m…
Org - anterior pituitary gland ... Targ - mammary glands ... Func -…
Org - anterior pituitary gland ... Targ - thyroid ... Func - influe…
Org - anterior pituitary gland ... Targ - ovaries and testes ... Fu…
Growth Hormone (GH)
Org - anterior pituitary gland... Targ - long bones & skeletal m…
Prolactin (PRL)
Org - anterior pituitary gland ... Targ - mammary glands ... Func -…
56 terms
Hormones
vasopressin
pancreas
adrenal cortex
acromegaly
antidiuretic hormone (ADH); stimulates water reabsorption; pr…
regulate blood glucose concentration
synthesizes steroid hormones from cholesterol; helps body dea…
condition in which hypersecretion of human growth hormone occ…
vasopressin
antidiuretic hormone (ADH); stimulates water reabsorption; pr…
pancreas
regulate blood glucose concentration
18 terms
Hormones
ADH
Aldosterone
TSH
Thyroxine
Hormone: Anti-diuretic hormone... Gland: posterior pituitary... Tar…
Hormone: Aldosterone... Gland: adrenal... Target: kidneys... Effect: I…
Hormone: Thyroid-stimulating... Gland:anterior pituitary... Target:…
Hormone: Thyroxine... Gland: Thyroid... Target: All cells... Effect: r…
ADH
Hormone: Anti-diuretic hormone... Gland: posterior pituitary... Tar…
Aldosterone
Hormone: Aldosterone... Gland: adrenal... Target: kidneys... Effect: I…
20 terms
hormones
growth hormones
adrenocortiotropic
thyroid stimulating
follicle stimulating and leutinizing h…
skeletal muscle and long bone growth... maintains blood sugar le…
regulates endocrine activity of adrenal gland... produced by the…
influences growth and activity of thyroid gland... produced by t…
regulates the hormone activity in the ovaries and testes... prod…
growth hormones
skeletal muscle and long bone growth... maintains blood sugar le…
adrenocortiotropic
regulates endocrine activity of adrenal gland... produced by the…
20 terms
Hormones
GnRH
GHRH
GHIH
PIH
Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone
Growth Hormone Releasing Hormone
Growth Hormone Inhibiting Hormone
Prolactin Inhibiting Hormone
GnRH
Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone
GHRH
Growth Hormone Releasing Hormone
16 terms
hormones
growth hormones
adrenocortiotropic
thyroid stimulating
follicle stimulating and leutinizing h…
skeletal muscle and long bone growth... maintains blood sugar le…
regulates endocrine activity of adrenal gland... produced by the…
influences growth and activity of thyroid gland... produced by t…
regulates the hormone activity in the ovaries and testes... prod…
growth hormones
skeletal muscle and long bone growth... maintains blood sugar le…
adrenocortiotropic
regulates endocrine activity of adrenal gland... produced by the…
51 terms
Hormones
Anterior Pituitary
Posterior Pituitary
Pars Intermedia
Growth Hormone
Synthesizes and secretes 6 hormones.
Receives, stores, and releases hormones from hypothalamus.
Melanocyte stimulating hormone.
Secreted by anterior pituitary; influences growth in almost a…
Anterior Pituitary
Synthesizes and secretes 6 hormones.
Posterior Pituitary
Receives, stores, and releases hormones from hypothalamus.
61 terms
Hormones
Thyroid Releasing Hormone
Growth Hormone Releasing Hormone
Prolactin Releasing Hormone
Corticotropic Releasing Hormone
Stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone
Stimulates secretion of growth hormone
Stimulates the release of prolactin
Stimulates the release adrenocorticotrpic hormone
Thyroid Releasing Hormone
Stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone
Growth Hormone Releasing Hormone
Stimulates secretion of growth hormone
61 terms
Hormones
Thyroid Releasing Hormone
Growth Hormone Releasing Hormone
Prolactin Releasing Hormone
Corticotropic Releasing Hormone
Stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone
Stimulates secretion of growth hormone
Stimulates the release of prolactin
Stimulates the release adrenocorticotrpic hormone
Thyroid Releasing Hormone
Stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone
Growth Hormone Releasing Hormone
Stimulates secretion of growth hormone
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