Study sets matching "hormones"

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Study sets matching "hormones"

40 terms
Hormones
Hormones of the Anterior Pituitary
Hormones of the Posterior Pituitary
Pulsatile Function
Thyroid Axis
TSH, FSH, LH, ACTH, GH, Prolactin
Vasopressin, Oxytocin
Important component of hypothalamic action; hormones are not…
Hormones of the Anterior Pituitary
TSH, FSH, LH, ACTH, GH, Prolactin
Hormones of the Posterior Pituitary
Vasopressin, Oxytocin
12 terms
hormones
Growth Hormone
Cushing's Syndrome
Cushing's Disease
Addison's
also known as somatotropin, is a peptide hormone that stimula…
Cushing syndrome is a disorder that occurs when your body has…
Cushing disease, which occurs when the pituitary gland makes…
Addison's disease occurs when the adrenal cortex is damaged a…
Growth Hormone
also known as somatotropin, is a peptide hormone that stimula…
Cushing's Syndrome
Cushing syndrome is a disorder that occurs when your body has…
Hormones
oxytocin
antidiuretic hormone(ADH)
posterior pituitary
prolactin
targets reproductive organs... smooth muscle contraction
targets kidneys... water retention
oxytocin & ADH (what gland?)
targets mammary glands... milk production
oxytocin
targets reproductive organs... smooth muscle contraction
antidiuretic hormone(ADH)
targets kidneys... water retention
17 terms
Hormones
Oestrogen
Progesterone
anti-diuretic hormone
adrenalin
controls development of female secondary sexual characteristi…
regulates menstrual cycle; secreted from the ovaries
also known as ADH; secreted by the pituitary; controls the wa…
prepares the body for physical activity; released from the ad…
Oestrogen
controls development of female secondary sexual characteristi…
Progesterone
regulates menstrual cycle; secreted from the ovaries
22 terms
Hormones
oxytocin
antidiuretic hormone(ADH)
posterior pituitary
prolactin
targets reproductive organs... smooth muscle contraction
targets kidneys... water retention
oxytocin & ADH (what gland?)
targets mammary glands... milk production
oxytocin
targets reproductive organs... smooth muscle contraction
antidiuretic hormone(ADH)
targets kidneys... water retention
121 terms
hormones
posterior pituitary
uterus and mammary glands
uterine contraction and milk let-down
uterus/cervix stretch and nipple stimu…
Where is oxytocin secreted?
What are the targets of oxytocin?
what is the response of oxytocin?
what is oxytocin controlled by?
posterior pituitary
Where is oxytocin secreted?
uterus and mammary glands
What are the targets of oxytocin?
61 terms
Hormones
Thyroid Releasing Hormone
Growth Hormone Releasing Hormone
Prolactin Releasing Hormone
Corticotropic Releasing Hormone
Stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone
Stimulates secretion of growth hormone
Stimulates the release of prolactin
Stimulates the release adrenocorticotrpic hormone
Thyroid Releasing Hormone
Stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone
Growth Hormone Releasing Hormone
Stimulates secretion of growth hormone
22 terms
Hormones
ADH (Antidiuretic hormone)
Oxytocin Hormone
Hypothalamic - Releasing Hormone
Hypothalamic - Inhibiting Hormones
Produce: Hypothalamus ... Released: Posterior pituitary ... Targe…
Produce: Hypothalamus ... Released: Posterior Pituitary ... Target:…
Produce: Hypothalamus ... Released: Hypothalamus ... Target: Anteri…
Produce: Hypothalamus ... Released: Hypothalamus ... Target: Anteri…
ADH (Antidiuretic hormone)
Produce: Hypothalamus ... Released: Posterior pituitary ... Targe…
Oxytocin Hormone
Produce: Hypothalamus ... Released: Posterior Pituitary ... Target:…
18 terms
Hormones
Hormones
Differentiating Hormones
Endocrine Signaling
Paracrine Signaling
one of the many types of secreted chemicals that are formed i…
1) the type of cell that secretes the hormones; ... 2) the mode…
hormones diffuse and travel along with the blood stream; Resp…
Regulate locally; ... Target cell is close to releasing cell;... No…
Hormones
one of the many types of secreted chemicals that are formed i…
Differentiating Hormones
1) the type of cell that secretes the hormones; ... 2) the mode…
73 terms
Hormones
What two structures work together with…
Types off cellular communication (4)
gap junctions
Neurotransmitters
hypothalamus and pituitary gland
gap junctions... neurotransmitters... paracrines... hormones
portal inbetween cells that speeds up local communication- su…
released from axon on neuron
What two structures work together with…
hypothalamus and pituitary gland
Types off cellular communication (4)
gap junctions... neurotransmitters... paracrines... hormones
Hormones
Estrogen
Prolactin
anti-diuretic hormone
adrenalin
controls development of female secondary sexual characteristi…
Promotes production of milk
also known as ADH; secreted by the pituitary; controls the wa…
prepares the body for physical activity; released from the ad…
Estrogen
controls development of female secondary sexual characteristi…
Prolactin
Promotes production of milk
Hormones
What is the endocrine system?
What is a hormone?
What do hormones act slowly?
Why are hormones called specific?
a system that controls body processes by releasing chemical m…
Hormones are chemical molecules that act as messengers in the…
Because they must travel through the bloodstream to the cells…
because they only act on particular cells in the body.
What is the endocrine system?
a system that controls body processes by releasing chemical m…
What is a hormone?
Hormones are chemical molecules that act as messengers in the…
9 terms
Hormones
Hormones
Endocrine Glands
Target Organs
Adrenaline
Chemical messengers, mostly those manufactured by the endocri…
Glands of the endocrine system that release hormones into the…
organs that respond to a particular hormone
A hormone released into the bloodstream in response to physic…
Hormones
Chemical messengers, mostly those manufactured by the endocri…
Endocrine Glands
Glands of the endocrine system that release hormones into the…
28 terms
HORMONES
ADH
Aldosterone
hCG
Erythropoetin
ADH
Aldosterone
61 terms
Hormones
Thyroid Releasing Hormone
Growth Hormone Releasing Hormone
Prolactin Releasing Hormone
Corticotropic Releasing Hormone
Stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone
Stimulates secretion of growth hormone
Stimulates the release of prolactin
Stimulates the release adrenocorticotrpic hormone
Thyroid Releasing Hormone
Stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone
Growth Hormone Releasing Hormone
Stimulates secretion of growth hormone
22 terms
Hormones
oxytocin
antidiuretic hormone(ADH)
posterior pituitary
prolactin
targets reproductive organs... smooth muscle contraction
targets kidneys... water retention
oxytocin & ADH (what gland?)
targets mammary glands... milk production
oxytocin
targets reproductive organs... smooth muscle contraction
antidiuretic hormone(ADH)
targets kidneys... water retention
61 terms
Hormones
Thyroid Releasing Hormone
Growth Hormone Releasing Hormone
Prolactin Releasing Hormone
Corticotropic Releasing Hormone
Stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone
Stimulates secretion of growth hormone
Stimulates the release of prolactin
Stimulates the release adrenocorticotrpic hormone
Thyroid Releasing Hormone
Stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone
Growth Hormone Releasing Hormone
Stimulates secretion of growth hormone
Hormones
Pituitary gland
Thyroid gland
Parathyroid gland
Thymus gland
growth hormone
thyroxine
PTH
Killer T-cells
Pituitary gland
growth hormone
Thyroid gland
thyroxine
24 terms
Hormones
Three systems iwth extracullular commu…
Steroid hormones
Protein/peptide hormones
Amino Acid Analogues and derivatives
-immune system... -nervous system: low affinity, rapid ligand bi…
-testosterone... -estrogen... -hydrocortisone
-ACTH... -AHD... -parathyroid hormone... -calcitoning
-NE... -Epi... -thyroxine... -melatonin
Three systems iwth extracullular commu…
-immune system... -nervous system: low affinity, rapid ligand bi…
Steroid hormones
-testosterone... -estrogen... -hydrocortisone
Hormones
Calcitonin (CT)
T3 and T4
Oxytocin
ADH
--> decreases the level of calcium in the blood by inhibiting…
--> increase basal metabolic rate... --> stimulate synthesis of…
--> stimulates contraction of smooth muscle cells of the uter…
--> decreases water loss through urination and perspiration... -…
Calcitonin (CT)
--> decreases the level of calcium in the blood by inhibiting…
T3 and T4
--> increase basal metabolic rate... --> stimulate synthesis of…
48 terms
hormones
Hypothalamus location
Two lobes of pituitary gland
Anterior pituitary gland secretes (7)
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (anterior…
Diencephalon of brain
Anterior and posterior pituitary gland
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone=TSH... Humans Growth Homone=HGH... Prol…
TSH-stimulates thyroid gland to prodyce Thyroid hormones T3 a…
Hypothalamus location
Diencephalon of brain
Two lobes of pituitary gland
Anterior and posterior pituitary gland
Hormones
ADH... Antiduretic hormone... (Vasopressin)
Oxytocin
TSH... Thyroid stimulating
ACTH... Adrenocorticotropic hormone
Source: Posterior PItuitary... Target: Kidney... Action: increases…
Source: posterior pituitary... Target: Mammary gland and uterine…
Source: ANterior Pituitary (Tropic hormone)... Target: Thyroid... A…
Source: Anterior Pituitary (Tropic Hormone)... Target: Adrenal C…
ADH... Antiduretic hormone... (Vasopressin)
Source: Posterior PItuitary... Target: Kidney... Action: increases…
Oxytocin
Source: posterior pituitary... Target: Mammary gland and uterine…
6 terms
Hormones
Thyroid gland
Pancreas
Adrenal gland
Testis
Produces thyroxine
Produces insulin
Produces adrenaline
Produces testosterone
Thyroid gland
Produces thyroxine
Pancreas
Produces insulin
Hormones
Thyroid Releasing Hormone
Growth Hormone Releasing Hormone
Prolactin Releasing Hormone
Corticotropic Releasing Hormone
Stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone
Stimulates secretion of growth hormone
Stimulates the release of prolactin
Stimulates the release adrenocorticotrpic hormone
Thyroid Releasing Hormone
Stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone
Growth Hormone Releasing Hormone
Stimulates secretion of growth hormone
Hormones
hormones
endocrine glands
exocrine glands
hypothalamus
chemicals secreted by one cell group that travel thru the blo…
-release hormones w/i the body... -Endocrine signaling involves…
use ducts to secrete fluids such as tears and sweat outside t…
controls hormone secretions
hormones
chemicals secreted by one cell group that travel thru the blo…
endocrine glands
-release hormones w/i the body... -Endocrine signaling involves…
Hormones
Aldosterone
Glucocorticoids
Epinephrine
Prolactin
Steroid... Kidney... Water reabsorption, and kidney vasoconstriction.
Catecholamines... Cortisol, cortisone, corticosteroids... Adrenal C…
Adrenal Gland... Hormone... Stress response: reinforces sympathetic…
Anterior Pitutiray Gland... gonads... Promotes the developement of…
Aldosterone
Steroid... Kidney... Water reabsorption, and kidney vasoconstriction.
Glucocorticoids
Catecholamines... Cortisol, cortisone, corticosteroids... Adrenal C…
22 terms
Hormones
oxytocin
antidiuretic hormone(ADH)
posterior pituitary
prolactin
targets reproductive organs... smooth muscle contraction
targets kidneys... water retention
oxytocin & ADH (what gland?)
targets mammary glands... milk production
oxytocin
targets reproductive organs... smooth muscle contraction
antidiuretic hormone(ADH)
targets kidneys... water retention
9 terms
Hormones
Pituitary Gland
Pineal Gland
Thyroid Gland
Parathyroid Gland
Thyroid-stimulating hormone ... Follicle-stimulating hormone ... Lu…
Amine Hormone: Melatonin
Follicular cells: Thyroid hormone (amine)... Parafollicular cell…
Parathyroid hormone
Pituitary Gland
Thyroid-stimulating hormone ... Follicle-stimulating hormone ... Lu…
Pineal Gland
Amine Hormone: Melatonin
22 terms
Hormones
ADH (Antidiuretic hormone)
Oxytocin Hormone
Hypothalamic - Releasing Hormone
Hypothalamic - Inhibiting Hormones
Produce: Hypothalamus ... Released: Posterior pituitary ... Targe…
Produce: Hypothalamus ... Released: Posterior Pituitary ... Target:…
Produce: Hypothalamus ... Released: Hypothalamus ... Target: Anteri…
Produce: Hypothalamus ... Released: Hypothalamus ... Target: Anteri…
ADH (Antidiuretic hormone)
Produce: Hypothalamus ... Released: Posterior pituitary ... Targe…
Oxytocin Hormone
Produce: Hypothalamus ... Released: Posterior Pituitary ... Target:…
21 terms
Hormones
Hormones of Anterior Pituitary
Follicle Stimulating Hormone
Lutenizing Hormone
Growth Hormone
Thyroid Stimulating hormone... Adrenocorticopin ... Follicle Stimul…
(FSH) Released from the anterior pituitary gland to target th…
stimulates the formation of corpus luteum, estrogen and proge…
somatotropin ... A hormone released by the anterior pituitary th…
Hormones of Anterior Pituitary
Thyroid Stimulating hormone... Adrenocorticopin ... Follicle Stimul…
Follicle Stimulating Hormone
(FSH) Released from the anterior pituitary gland to target th…
Hormones
Location (gland)
pineal gland
Hypothalamus
posterior pituitary
hormone, primary targets, main effects
Hormone: melatonin... Primary targets: brain, other tissues ... Mai…
Hormone: trophic hormones ... Primary targets: anterior pituitar…
Hormone: oxytocin; vasopressin... Primary targets: breast and ut…
Location (gland)
hormone, primary targets, main effects
pineal gland
Hormone: melatonin... Primary targets: brain, other tissues ... Mai…
Hormones
ACTH
ACTH
ADH
ADH
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (corticotropin)
Anterior pituitary
Antidiuretic hormone (arginine vasopressin)
Posterior pituitary
ACTH
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (corticotropin)
ACTH
Anterior pituitary
Hormones
ADH (Antidiuretic hormone)
Oxytocin Hormone
Hypothalamic - Releasing Hormone
Hypothalamic - Inhibiting Hormones
Produce: Hypothalamus ... Released: Posterior pituitary ... Targe…
Produce: Hypothalamus ... Released: Posterior Pituitary ... Target:…
Produce: Hypothalamus ... Released: Hypothalamus ... Target: Anteri…
Produce: Hypothalamus ... Released: Hypothalamus ... Target: Anteri…
ADH (Antidiuretic hormone)
Produce: Hypothalamus ... Released: Posterior pituitary ... Targe…
Oxytocin Hormone
Produce: Hypothalamus ... Released: Posterior Pituitary ... Target:…
Hormones
ADH
Oxytocin
Thyrotropin
ACTH
ADH
Oxytocin
34 terms
Hormones
Hypophysis
Infundibulum
Neurohormones
Neurohypophysis
Pituitary Gland which is seated in the sella turcica
connects the pituitary gland to the hypothalamus
Hormones secreted by neurons- Posterior pituitary glands rele…
Region that includes Posterior pituitary lobe and Infundibulum
Hypophysis
Pituitary Gland which is seated in the sella turcica
Infundibulum
connects the pituitary gland to the hypothalamus
8 terms
Hormones
Plant Hormone
Auxin
Gibberellin (GA)
Abscisic Acid (ABA)
-Organic compound that is produced by the organism.... -Produced…
-Controls cell elongation and expansion. Involved in phototro…
-stimulates stem elongation.... -Main hormone responsible for th…
-regulates a number of plant responses to adverse environment…
Plant Hormone
-Organic compound that is produced by the organism.... -Produced…
Auxin
-Controls cell elongation and expansion. Involved in phototro…
73 terms
Hormones
What two structures work together with…
Types off cellular communication (4)
gap junctions
Neurotransmitters
hypothalamus and pituitary gland
gap junctions... neurotransmitters... paracrines... hormones
portal inbetween cells that speeds up local communication- su…
released from axon on neuron
What two structures work together with…
hypothalamus and pituitary gland
Types off cellular communication (4)
gap junctions... neurotransmitters... paracrines... hormones
49 terms
Hormones
Name the 5 "true" endocrine organs
Thyrotropin is released by the...
Somatotropin is released by the...
Adrenocorticotropic hormone is release…
Thyroid gland, parathyroid gland, pineal body, pituitary glan…
Anterior lobe of the pituitary gland
Anterior lobe of the pituitary gland
Anterior lobe of the pituitary gland
Name the 5 "true" endocrine organs
Thyroid gland, parathyroid gland, pineal body, pituitary glan…
Thyrotropin is released by the...
Anterior lobe of the pituitary gland
Hormones
anterior pituitary gland
thyroid
parathyroid
pancreas
anterior pituitary gland
thyroid
34 terms
Hormones
ADH... Antiduretic hormone... (Vasopressin)
Oxytocin
TSH... Thyroid stimulating
ACTH... Adrenocorticotropic hormone
Source: Posterior PItuitary... Target: Kidney... Action: increases…
Source: posterior pituitary... Target: Mammary gland and uterine…
Source: ANterior Pituitary (Tropic hormone)... Target: Thyroid... A…
Source: Anterior Pituitary (Tropic Hormone)... Target: Adrenal C…
ADH... Antiduretic hormone... (Vasopressin)
Source: Posterior PItuitary... Target: Kidney... Action: increases…
Oxytocin
Source: posterior pituitary... Target: Mammary gland and uterine…
51 terms
Hormones
Nervous System
Endocrine system
Endocrine - chemical messenger
Endocrine - site of release
Fast, point to point, electrical signalling
Slow, long distance, secretes chemical messengers (hormones)…
Hormones
Bloodstream
Nervous System
Fast, point to point, electrical signalling
Endocrine system
Slow, long distance, secretes chemical messengers (hormones)…
Hormones
follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)
Lutenizing hormone (LH)
thyroid stimulating hormone
adrenocorticotropic hormone
ovarian follicle development, calls for undeveloped egg cells…
causes follicle to rupture and egg cell to pop out (ovulation)
causes thyroid to release thyroid hormone, regulates metabolism
causes adrenal gland to release glcuocortoids or stress hormo…
follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)
ovarian follicle development, calls for undeveloped egg cells…
Lutenizing hormone (LH)
causes follicle to rupture and egg cell to pop out (ovulation)
9 terms
hormones
phototropism (auxin)
gravitropism/geotropism (auxin)
thigmotropism (auxin)
etiolation (auxin)
response to light
response to gravity
response to touch
extreme phototropism
phototropism (auxin)
response to light
gravitropism/geotropism (auxin)
response to gravity
32 terms
hormones
growth hormone
Prolactin
Thyroid Stimulating... Hormone ( =TSH)
Adrenocorticotropic... Hormone (= ACTH)
anabolic; stimulates cell division/increase size especially s…
stimulates milk production
stimulates development and secretory activity of Thyroid
stimulates adrenal cortex to release corticosteroid hormones…
growth hormone
anabolic; stimulates cell division/increase size especially s…
Prolactin
stimulates milk production
17 terms
Hormones
paracrine
Juxtacrine
autocrine
Intracrine
neighboring
Next to
Self
within the cell
paracrine
neighboring
Juxtacrine
Next to
Hormones
Anterior Pituitary Gland
Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
Posterior Pituitary Gland
Oxytocin
Released from anterior pituitary gland; target tissue: ovarie…
posterior part
released from the posterior pituitary gland; target tissue: u…
Anterior Pituitary Gland
Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
Released from anterior pituitary gland; target tissue: ovarie…
95 terms
Hormones
Exocrine glands
Endocrine glands
Hormones
Berthold
Releases chemical into ducts to secrete out of body e.g. Swea…
Regulatory substance produced in organisms and transported in…
Chemicals secreted by group of cells that travel in bloodstre…
1st endocrine study ... Castrated juvenile roosters... Replaced tes…
Exocrine glands
Releases chemical into ducts to secrete out of body e.g. Swea…
Endocrine glands
Regulatory substance produced in organisms and transported in…
56 terms
Hormones
vasopressin
pancreas
adrenal cortex
acromegaly
antidiuretic hormone (ADH); stimulates water reabsorption; pr…
regulate blood glucose concentration
synthesizes steroid hormones from cholesterol; helps body dea…
condition in which hypersecretion of human growth hormone occ…
vasopressin
antidiuretic hormone (ADH); stimulates water reabsorption; pr…
pancreas
regulate blood glucose concentration
Hormones
hormones
ADH
Epinephrine
Local _____
chemical messengers, affect target cells
from brain to kidneys
from adrenals to other organs
histamines
hormones
chemical messengers, affect target cells
ADH
from brain to kidneys
Hormones
Target cell
Steroid
Protein
Cytoplasmic receptor
Specialised cells that are able to receive and respond to tha…
The type of hormones that are derived from cholesterol and ar…
The type of hormones consist of strings of amino acids. A sho…
Known as intracellular receptors - steroid hormones interact…
Target cell
Specialised cells that are able to receive and respond to tha…
Steroid
The type of hormones that are derived from cholesterol and ar…
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