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Study sets matching "horticulture unit 4"

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Study sets matching "horticulture unit 4"

29 terms
Horticulture Unit 4
By weight, how much silt and clay do s…
A soil having equal parts of sand, sil…
The three layers of a normal soil prof…
Moisture-holding capacity of soil is s…
less than 20%
Loam
Topsoil, subsoil, and bedrock
adding organic matter
By weight, how much silt and clay do s…
less than 20%
A soil having equal parts of sand, sil…
Loam
44 terms
Horticulture Unit 4
10. What is the major component of gre…
20. How many elements are needed for g…
30. Water evaporating from leaves help…
40. Explain hardening off
Water
16
Cool, prevent heat damage.
Preparing for dormancy and cold temperatures
10. What is the major component of gre…
Water
20. How many elements are needed for g…
16
21 terms
Horticulture - Plant Growth Requirements (Unit 4) Vocabulary
aggregation
biochemical
capillary water
dormancy
the clinging together of soil particles to form larger, crumb…
a chemical formed by a living organism.
water held against the force of gravity.
in a resting or non-growing state.
aggregation
the clinging together of soil particles to form larger, crumb…
biochemical
a chemical formed by a living organism.
Horticulture Unit 4
Plant Hormones
Auxins SOB
Auxins Functions
Cytokinins SOB
Auxins, Cytokinins, Ethyeene, Abscisic Acid, Gibbenellins
Young leaves and developing seeds
Phototropic response and cell elongation
Root tipes
Plant Hormones
Auxins, Cytokinins, Ethyeene, Abscisic Acid, Gibbenellins
Auxins SOB
Young leaves and developing seeds
50 terms
Horticulture Unit 4
Anther
Apical tissue
Biennial
Bud
Part of the stamen that contains the pollen
at the tip of a plant shoot or root that produces auxin and c…
taking place every other year
a compact knoblike growth on a plant that develops into a lea…
Anther
Part of the stamen that contains the pollen
Apical tissue
at the tip of a plant shoot or root that produces auxin and c…
49 terms
Horticulture unit 4 Vocab
Anther
Apical tissue
Biennial
Bud
The part of a stamen that contains the pollen
Pertaining to the end portion of the root
A plant that takes two years to grow from seed to fruition an…
compact knoblike growth on a plant that develops into a leaf,…
Anther
The part of a stamen that contains the pollen
Apical tissue
Pertaining to the end portion of the root
48 terms
Unit 4 horticulture terms
Anther
Apical tissue
Biennial
Bud
part of a stamen that contains the pollen.
meristem at the apex of a root or shoot. apical meristem in S…
taking place every other year
a compact knoblike growth on a plant that develops into a lea…
Anther
part of a stamen that contains the pollen.
Apical tissue
meristem at the apex of a root or shoot. apical meristem in S…
Unit 4 Horticulture
What is the major component of green p…
How many elements are needed for good…
Water evaporating from leaves help the…
Explain hardening off.
Water
16
Cool, prevent heat damage.
Preparing for dormancy and cold temperatures
What is the major component of green p…
Water
How many elements are needed for good…
16
35 terms
horticulture unit 4
color echo
where can you get a free soil tester?
roots grow
steps to soil building
when plant colors go together
NC department of agriculture
where theres water and oxygen
1: mix up the soil: Cultivate ... 2:add organic matter: incorpor…
color echo
when plant colors go together
where can you get a free soil tester?
NC department of agriculture
22 terms
Arkansas Intro to Horticulture Unit 4
Anther
Apical Meristem
Cellular respiration
Chloroplast
a sac-like structure at the top of the stamen that contains p…
Primary growth area in stems.
chemical reaction in which stored food energy is made availab…
An organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthe…
Anther
a sac-like structure at the top of the stamen that contains p…
Apical Meristem
Primary growth area in stems.
8 terms
Unit 4 Key Terms- Horticulture
beveled edge
burrs
conductor
degree of cant
angled surface sharpened to create the cutting edge of a hand…
sharp particles left behind after sharpening a hand tool
material that allows electricity flow through it easily
angle of the tool head in relation to the handle
beveled edge
angled surface sharpened to create the cutting edge of a hand…
burrs
sharp particles left behind after sharpening a hand tool
43 terms
Horticulture Unit 4 Plant Environment
10. What is the major component of gre…
20. How many elements are needed for g…
30. Water evaporating from leaves help…
40. Explain hardening off
Water
16
Cool, prevent heat damage.
Preparing for dormancy and cold temperatures
10. What is the major component of gre…
Water
20. How many elements are needed for g…
16
43 terms
Horticulture Unit 4 Plant Environment
10. What is the major component of gre…
20. How many elements are needed for g…
30. Water evaporating from leaves help…
40. Explain hardening off
Water
16
Cool, prevent heat damage.
Preparing for dormancy and cold temperatures
10. What is the major component of gre…
Water
20. How many elements are needed for g…
16
68 terms
Horticulture unit 3
Stems two main functions
dicot
monocot
xylem
movement of materials, support leaves and reproductive struct…
tube-like cells that move water and minerals upward throughou…
Stems two main functions
movement of materials, support leaves and reproductive struct…
dicot
21 terms
Horticulture - Plant Growth Requirements (Unit 4) Vocabulary
aggregation
biochemical
capillary water
dormancy
the clinging together of soil particles to form larger, crumb…
a chemical formed by a living organism.
water held against the force of gravity.
in a resting or non-growing state.
aggregation
the clinging together of soil particles to form larger, crumb…
biochemical
a chemical formed by a living organism.
21 terms
Horticulture - Plant Growth Requirements (Unit 4) Vocabulary
aggregation
biochemical
capillary water
dormancy
the clinging together of soil particles to form larger, crumb…
a chemical formed by a living organism.
water held against the force of gravity.
in a resting or non-growing state.
aggregation
the clinging together of soil particles to form larger, crumb…
biochemical
a chemical formed by a living organism.
28 terms
Elkins Introductory Horticulture Unit 4 Environmental Requirements for Good Plant Growth
By weight how much silt and clay do sa…
A soil having equal parts of sand, sil…
the three layers of a normal soil prof…
The pore space in a soil filled with _…
A
C
A
D
By weight how much silt and clay do sa…
A
A soil having equal parts of sand, sil…
C
22 terms
Arkansas Intro to Horticulture Unit 4 Plant Science
Anther
Apical meristem
Cellular respiration
Chloroplast
A sac-like structure at the top of the stamen that contains p…
The primary growing point of the stem
Chemical reaction in which stored food energy is made availab…
The specalized organelle in green plants in which photosynthe…
Anther
A sac-like structure at the top of the stamen that contains p…
Apical meristem
The primary growing point of the stem
28 terms
Elkins Introductory Horticulture Unit 4 Environmental Requirements for Good Plant Growth
By weight how much silt and clay do sa…
A soil having equal parts of sand, sil…
the three layers of a normal soil prof…
The pore space in a soil filled with _…
A
C
A
D
By weight how much silt and clay do sa…
A
A soil having equal parts of sand, sil…
C
37 terms
Horticulture Unit 3 & 4
the green color of leaves is caused by…
the openings or stomates in the lower…
monocot stems have the xylem and phloe…
the primary function of plant seeds is…
chloroplasts
guard cells
in small bundles scattered through the stem
sexual reproduction
the green color of leaves is caused by…
chloroplasts
the openings or stomates in the lower…
guard cells
11 terms
Unit 4 - Simple/Advanced Horticultural Societies
growing population, changing climate a…
slash-and-burn cultivation/swidden
record keeping and symbols
decreased land availability and huntin…
causes for the shift from hunter-gatherer to horticultural so…
subsistence utilized in simple horticultural society
what did the growth of trade and commerce lead to?
why did warfare increase as societies transitioned to horticu…
growing population, changing climate a…
causes for the shift from hunter-gatherer to horticultural so…
slash-and-burn cultivation/swidden
subsistence utilized in simple horticultural society
9 terms
Horticulture Unit
Horticulture
Hort-
Culture
Ornamental Horticulture
The culture of plants for food, comfort, and beauty.
The Latin meaning is ¨garden¨.
The Latin meaning is ¨to grow¨.
The growing and using of plants for their beauty.
Horticulture
The culture of plants for food, comfort, and beauty.
Hort-
The Latin meaning is ¨garden¨.
10 terms
Horticulture Plant Identification # 4
Red Edge Dracaena
Pansy
Sprengeri Fern
Pothos
Foliage plant. Indoor house plant, does not do well outside.…
Flowering/ bedding plant. Multi color of flowers. Flowers hav…
Not a true fern. Small slender lush green leaves about 1" lon…
Also called Golden Pothos. Foliage plant. Similar to Heart-Le…
Red Edge Dracaena
Foliage plant. Indoor house plant, does not do well outside.…
Pansy
Flowering/ bedding plant. Multi color of flowers. Flowers hav…
153 terms
Horticulture Exam 3: Unit 3 (3 and 4) and Unit 4
What is the most abundant enzyme in th…
RuBisCo has a high affinity for what?
RuBisCo has a dual affinity for what?
This dual affinity leads to what?
RuBisCo
RuBP (original 5 carbon substrate)
CO2 and O2
Photorespiration
What is the most abundant enzyme in th…
RuBisCo
RuBisCo has a high affinity for what?
RuBP (original 5 carbon substrate)
6 terms
Horticulture I: Plant ID List 4 (Pictures)
Ajuga
Japanese Barberry
Weeping Fig
Marigold
Ajuga reptans
Berberis thunbergii
Ficus benjamina
Tagetes species or erecta
Ajuga
Ajuga reptans
Japanese Barberry
Berberis thunbergii
112 terms
Horticulture Test #4
A plant which goes in the second growi…
A white oak would be...
The father of plant classification is...
T/F: A herbaceous perennial, like Peon…
biennial
Quercus alba
Linnaeus
False
A plant which goes in the second growi…
biennial
A white oak would be...
Quercus alba
14 terms
Horticulture Chap. 4 Terms
Biochemical reactions
dehydrated
dormancy
photoperiodism
chemical created by living organisms
lacking the appropriate amount of water
growth/development is temporarily stoppe
varying amounts of sunlight causing growth responses by plants
Biochemical reactions
chemical created by living organisms
dehydrated
lacking the appropriate amount of water
14 terms
Soil Science-Horticulture 166-Unit 4-Soil Fertility-Part 1
Soil fertility
Three components of soil fertility
Rules used to determine if an element…
Essential for plant growth but these e…
Is the ability of soil to supply nutrients for plant growth.
1. How well nutrients are protected from leaching.... 2. How wel…
1. Element is necessary for a wide range of plant acitivities…
Hydrogen, Oxygen, Carbon
Soil fertility
Is the ability of soil to supply nutrients for plant growth.
Three components of soil fertility
1. How well nutrients are protected from leaching.... 2. How wel…
10 terms
Horticulture 1 - Unit 8.02
Diseases
Three conditions necessary for disease…
Bacteria
Bacteria Examples
Plant disorders caused by infectious pathogens or agents.
host plant, disease causing organism, favorable environment
Single Celled Organisms
Bacterial Leaf Spot, Bacterial Blight
Diseases
Plant disorders caused by infectious pathogens or agents.
Three conditions necessary for disease…
host plant, disease causing organism, favorable environment
37 terms
Horticulture Test #4
Nutritional & Economic Value of Vegeta…
Vegetable Cultivation
Types of Crop Temperature Adaptation
Regionalization of Commercial Crop Pro…
-vegetables can vary widely in nutritional value... -carbs (pota…
-commercial scale is largely regionalized by USDA zones (E. C…
-cool season vegetables grow best at 60-65 F, tolerate light…
-seasonal variation within regions... -the leading state in a cr…
Nutritional & Economic Value of Vegeta…
-vegetables can vary widely in nutritional value... -carbs (pota…
Vegetable Cultivation
-commercial scale is largely regionalized by USDA zones (E. C…
35 terms
vocab unit one horticulture
opposite arrangement
alternate
whorled
simple leaves
2 leaves at a node, on opposite sides of the stem
1 leaf per node, with the second leaf being above the first b…
3 or more leaves on a node
single undivided blade
opposite arrangement
2 leaves at a node, on opposite sides of the stem
alternate
1 leaf per node, with the second leaf being above the first b…
70 terms
Horticulture Unit 1
hortus
cultura
latin origin of horticulture
biology
garden
cultivation
"cultivated garden" "culture of garden plants"
plant and animal organism & life process
hortus
garden
cultura
cultivation
19 terms
Horticulture Unit 6
Sexual
Seed coat, endosperm, and embryonic pl…
Cross-pollination
Quick and Economical
Producing plants from seed is called
Seeds are composed of
When 2 seperate parent plants are involved in the pollination…
Horticultural crops are started from seed because
Sexual
Producing plants from seed is called
Seed coat, endosperm, and embryonic pl…
Seeds are composed of
42 terms
Horticulture Unit 1 Vocab
sepals
petals
stamens
pistils
leaf like things that hold up the flower after it blooms and…
attract pollinators, petals, pretty
male part of flower (anther and filament)
female part (stigma, style, ovary)
sepals
leaf like things that hold up the flower after it blooms and…
petals
attract pollinators, petals, pretty
41 terms
Horticulture Unit 2
Flower
Leaves
Fruit
Seed
Attracts insects for pollination
Food manufacture by photosyntheses
Seed carrying structure
Sexual propagation of plants
Flower
Attracts insects for pollination
Leaves
Food manufacture by photosyntheses
47 terms
Horticulture Test 4
Svalbard Seed Bank
Transpiration
Transpiration reduction
Evapotranspiration
Cary Fowler ... Norway
heavily affected by wind velocity compared to temperature
trichomes, cuticles, small leaves, small root system, leaf cu…
evoporation + transpiration... evaporative loss of water from th…
Svalbard Seed Bank
Cary Fowler ... Norway
Transpiration
heavily affected by wind velocity compared to temperature
92 terms
Horticulture Exam 4
Mendel's principle of independent asso…
Mendel's principle of segregation
f1 generation
Evolution
The idea that different pairs of alleles are passed to offspr…
The idea that different pairs of alleles are passed to offspr…
The first offspring generation
genetic change in a population of organisms that occurs over…
Mendel's principle of independent asso…
The idea that different pairs of alleles are passed to offspr…
Mendel's principle of segregation
The idea that different pairs of alleles are passed to offspr…
44 terms
Horticulture Unit 2
Acid
Alkaline
Arthropod
Bacteria
a compound usually having a sour taste and capable of neutral…
Having a PH greater than 7.
any invertebrate of the phylum Arthropoda, having a segmented…
are microscopic living organisms, usually one-celled, that ca…
Acid
a compound usually having a sour taste and capable of neutral…
Alkaline
Having a PH greater than 7.
79 terms
Unit 1 Test: Horticulture
Annual
Biennial
Perennial
Average first frost
A plant that completes its life cycle in one year.
A plant that completes its life cycle in two years.
A plant that lives more than two years.
October 15th
Annual
A plant that completes its life cycle in one year.
Biennial
A plant that completes its life cycle in two years.
8 terms
Horticulture 2 week 4
ANTIRRHINUM MAJUS- Snapdragon
CATHARANTHUS ROSEUS- Vinca
FUCHSIA X HYBRIDA- Fuchsia
VERBENA HYBRIDA- Garden Verbena
ANTIRRHINUM MAJUS- Snapdragon
CATHARANTHUS ROSEUS- Vinca
43 terms
horticulture exam 4
cool season vegetable
warm season vegetables
factors for regional distribution
Georgia production
-grow best at 60-65 degree Fahrenheit... -tolerate light to mode…
-intolerant of frost... -some are long season... -examples: okra, t…
-terrain conducive to mechanization... -stable environment... -year…
-1B from farm gate value... -ranked 3rd in US for fresh market v…
cool season vegetable
-grow best at 60-65 degree Fahrenheit... -tolerate light to mode…
warm season vegetables
-intolerant of frost... -some are long season... -examples: okra, t…
29 terms
Horticulture Exam 4
Soil in Missouri
Soil Amendments
Organic Matter
Sand
High in clay content, causing flooded soil and low quality fo…
Improve drainage, change soil composition... 1. Organic matter... 2…
A soil amendment, when it decomposes it secretes a solution s…
A mineral soil amendment, creates macro pores that don't hold…
Soil in Missouri
High in clay content, causing flooded soil and low quality fo…
Soil Amendments
Improve drainage, change soil composition... 1. Organic matter... 2…
Horticulture Unit 2
Common Name
Binomial System
Genus
Species
what a plant is known as/ called... ex: tiger lily
two-name (2 latin names for their scientific name)
plants in the same "family", they have similar characteristics
same "kind" will consistently produce plants of the same type
Common Name
what a plant is known as/ called... ex: tiger lily
Binomial System
two-name (2 latin names for their scientific name)
5 terms
Horticulture test 4
crepe myrtle
crown of thorns
red tipped photinia
Pansies
crepe myrtle
crown of thorns
7 terms
Unit 1 Horticulture
Enterpreneurship
Which SAE Record heading would be used…
What type Supervised Agricultural Expe…
Michele is computerizing the productio…
Which SAE Record heading would be used by Charles if he has a…
Type of enterprise
Exploratory
Improvement
Enterpreneurship
Which SAE Record heading would be used by Charles if he has a…
Which SAE Record heading would be used…
Type of enterprise
12 terms
Horticulture Unit 1
Interiorscaping
Horticulture Industry
Agriculture
Botany
The use of foliage plants to complete pleasing and comfortabl…
All of the activities that support meeting the needs of consu…
The production of plants and animals to meet basic human needs
The study of plants
Interiorscaping
The use of foliage plants to complete pleasing and comfortabl…
Horticulture Industry
All of the activities that support meeting the needs of consu…
29 terms
Horticulture chapter 4
Xerophytes
Microclimates
Growing plants near bodies of water do…
Daytime light effects what
Desert plants
Small areas with slightly different climates than the surroun…
Makes summer cooler and winter warmers
Photosynthesis
Xerophytes
Desert plants
Microclimates
Small areas with slightly different climates than the surroun…
10 terms
Horticulture Quiz 4
Helleborus orientalis (Lenten Rose)
Heuchera micrantha (Alumroot)
Heuchera sanguinea (coral bells)
Heuchera hybrids (huchera)
Is stemless
Palace Purple
Helleborus orientalis (Lenten Rose)
Is stemless
Heuchera micrantha (Alumroot)
Palace Purple
23 terms
Horticulture Unit 5 Quiz
Gibberellic Acid
Alfalfa
Make them more attractive and to elimi…
Shortens or dwarfs plants
Plants may be made to grow taller aby applying the Chemical
A naturally produced plant growth stimulant has been found in
Plants are often treated with chemicals that dwarf or shorten…
B-Nine is a commerciallyused chemical that
Gibberellic Acid
Plants may be made to grow taller aby applying the Chemical
Alfalfa
A naturally produced plant growth stimulant has been found in
10 terms
Horticulture 4
root types
Taproot
Fibrous
root functions
taproot and fibrous
one main root
many roots
absorb water and minerals, and anchor the plant
root types
taproot and fibrous
Taproot
one main root
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