Study sets matching "host defense"

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Study sets matching "host defense"

86 terms
Host Defense Lectures 21 and 22
Where do T cells mature?
What aspects of the immune response mu…
How is specificity controlled?
How is intensity/duration controlled?
In the thymus.
Specificity and intensity/duration.
Self: recognized but not responded to.... Non-self: recognized…
Sufficient to protect host but resolves after the challenge i…
Where do T cells mature?
In the thymus.
What aspects of the immune response mu…
Specificity and intensity/duration.
90 terms
Host Defense Lectures 30 and 31
What are hypersensitivity reactions?
What are the causes of hypersensitivity?
How are hypersensitivity reactions cla…
What leads to hypersensitivity?
Excessive immune responses that cause tissue injury and disea…
Failure of self-tolerance to own antigens, uncontrolled or ex…
According to type of immune response and effector mechanism r…
Increased immune response, decreased control mechanisms, exog…
What are hypersensitivity reactions?
Excessive immune responses that cause tissue injury and disea…
What are the causes of hypersensitivity?
Failure of self-tolerance to own antigens, uncontrolled or ex…
58 terms
Host Defense Lectures 37 and 38
What do successful vaccines do?
What do the best vaccines stimulate?
What is a current challenge in vaccina…
What was the annual infection with Bor…
Prevent the disease in the individual (prevent need for infec…
Both innate and adaptive immunity.
You are exposing a well child to something that may give the…
Annual - 200/100,000... Post-vaccination - <2/100,000
What do successful vaccines do?
Prevent the disease in the individual (prevent need for infec…
What do the best vaccines stimulate?
Both innate and adaptive immunity.
58 terms
Exam 5 Host Defense
What are the cells that are produced b…
What are the results of:... 1. Low estrog…
ON EXAM:... 1. What does gene AIRE defici…
On Exam:... 1. What causes APECED?... 2. Wha…
1. Low estrogen: Th1 Cells... 2. Mid estrogen: Th17 cells... 3. Hig…
1. MS/Rheumatoid Arthritis... 2. SLE, Anti MS/RA, T-reg against…
1. Self antigen is not sufficiently expressed in Thymus, thus…
1. AIRE gene defect... 2. Autoimmune destruction of endocrine ti…
What are the cells that are produced b…
1. Low estrogen: Th1 Cells... 2. Mid estrogen: Th17 cells... 3. Hig…
What are the results of:... 1. Low estrog…
1. MS/Rheumatoid Arthritis... 2. SLE, Anti MS/RA, T-reg against…
55 terms
Chapter 8 Host Defense
8.1.7 practice exam
What is the main difference between a…
What is a program that appears to be l…
Which of the following describes a log…
...
A worm can replicate itself, while a virus requires a host fo…
Trojan horse
A program that performs a malicious activity at a specific ti…
8.1.7 practice exam
...
What is the main difference between a…
A worm can replicate itself, while a virus requires a host fo…
92 terms
Host Defense Microbiology
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Neisseria meningitidis
Candida Albicans
Staphylococcus Epidermidis
In normal flora - found in throat... predominately on buccal and…
In normal flora- found in throat... Opportunistic Pathogen... Can C…
In normal flora... Opportunistic Pathogen... Can causes Thrush and…
Normal flora on skin
Streptococcus pneumoniae
In normal flora - found in throat... predominately on buccal and…
Neisseria meningitidis
In normal flora- found in throat... Opportunistic Pathogen... Can C…
81 terms
Host Defense Drugs
Zidovudine
Lamivudine
Emtricitabine
Didanosine
ANTIRETROVIRAL - HIV... (ZDV, AZT, Azidothymidine)... Class: Nucle…
ANTIRETROVIRAL - HIV, HEP-B... (3TC)... Class: Nucleoside Reverse…
ANTIRETROVIRAL - HIV, HEP-B... (FTC)... Class: Nucleoside Reverse…
ANTIRETROVIRAL - HIV... (ddI)... Class: Nucleoside Reverse Transcr…
Zidovudine
ANTIRETROVIRAL - HIV... (ZDV, AZT, Azidothymidine)... Class: Nucle…
Lamivudine
ANTIRETROVIRAL - HIV, HEP-B... (3TC)... Class: Nucleoside Reverse…
160 terms
Host Defense #4
In an immunological synapse, the TCR o…
In an immunological synapse, the MHC o…
In an immunological synapse, the CD28…
In an immunological synapse, the CD80/…
MHC
TCR
CD80/86 (B7-1, B7-2)
CD28
In an immunological synapse, the TCR o…
MHC
In an immunological synapse, the MHC o…
TCR
30 terms
Host Defense - CD Markers
CD1c
CD1d
CD3
CD4
Non-classical MHC present to γ/δ T cells
Non-classical MHC present to NK T cells
Pan T cells
T helper cell
CD1c
Non-classical MHC present to γ/δ T cells
CD1d
Non-classical MHC present to NK T cells
116 terms
Host Defense #2
Antigen
Epitope
Immunogen
Hapten
Molecule or part of a molecule recognized by the immune system
"antigenic determinant"... The smallest part of an antigen that…
An antigen that both induces an immune response and is a targ…
Subset of antigen that is small and normally non-immunogenic,…
Antigen
Molecule or part of a molecule recognized by the immune system
Epitope
"antigenic determinant"... The smallest part of an antigen that…
104 terms
Host Defense #3
APCs utilize ______ MHC molecules to p…
APCs utilize ______ MHC molecules to p…
Professional Antigen-Presenting Cells
Three types of Dendritic Cells
Class I
Class II
Macrophages and Dendritic Cells... Cells with high levels of MH…
1. Plasmacytoid... 2. Conventional Migratory... 3. Conventional L…
APCs utilize ______ MHC molecules to p…
Class I
APCs utilize ______ MHC molecules to p…
Class II
49 terms
8. HOST DEFENSE
2 types of host defense against bacteria
Fatty acid synthesis in the skin is as…
pH of skin
They damage the mucociliary apparatus
pyogenic response ... granulomatous response
Ringworm
3 to 5
alcohol ... cigarette ... viruses
2 types of host defense against bacteria
pyogenic response ... granulomatous response
Fatty acid synthesis in the skin is as…
Ringworm
innate host defense
naked nuclear DNA
OAS
cGAS
cGAMP
DNA that isn't associated with histones, chromosomes, etc.
activated by dsRNA, activates RNase L and cleavage of mRNA
recognizes cytoplasmic dsDNA, binds and activates STING to st…
produced by cGAS in response to cytoplasmic dsDNA; can travel…
naked nuclear DNA
DNA that isn't associated with histones, chromosomes, etc.
OAS
activated by dsRNA, activates RNase L and cleavage of mRNA
36 terms
Host-Defense Kaplan
How have death rates for infectious di…
Bioterrorism
parasites
fungi
o Public health departments... Environmental health... o Chlorinat…
is the deliberate release of viruses, bacteria, toxins or oth…
Can be single or multicellular... • Unicellular up to 10-12 mic…
eukaryotic... rigid external cell wall... budding, mitosis, meiosis…
How have death rates for infectious di…
o Public health departments... Environmental health... o Chlorinat…
Bioterrorism
is the deliberate release of viruses, bacteria, toxins or oth…
116 terms
Host Defense MDQ 1
Innate immune system
Adaptive immune system
Effective immune system must:
What is involved in recognizing an inf…
preformed; barriers to infection (skin), phagocytes, NK cells…
responds specifically and has memory; has to discern self fro…
recognize/destroy a wide variety of pathogens, recognize/dest…
TLRs, NK cells, Type I IFNs
Innate immune system
preformed; barriers to infection (skin), phagocytes, NK cells…
Adaptive immune system
responds specifically and has memory; has to discern self fro…
Host Defense Full Set
Neoplasm
Cancer
Benign Tumors
Carcinoma
Growth of cells or tumor which is autonomous/uncontrolled, of…
Generic name for malignant neoplasms or tumors, which are agg…
Neoplasias that don't spread/are not malignant
Epithelial malignant neoplasm
Neoplasm
Growth of cells or tumor which is autonomous/uncontrolled, of…
Cancer
Generic name for malignant neoplasms or tumors, which are agg…
45 terms
Week 1 Host defense
PAMPs
Damaged Cell Products
The inflammasome
Life of neutrophils
LPS/endotoxin by TLR4... Terminal mannose... DS RNA... Unmethylated Cp…
ATP... Uric Acid... K+... Cholesterol... Fatty Acids
NLRP3, adaptor protein, caspase 1... More IL-1 --> inflammation…
5 days
PAMPs
LPS/endotoxin by TLR4... Terminal mannose... DS RNA... Unmethylated Cp…
Damaged Cell Products
ATP... Uric Acid... K+... Cholesterol... Fatty Acids
427 terms
Host Defense Full Set
Neoplasm
Cancer
Benign Tumors
Carcinoma
Growth of cells or tumor which is autonomous/uncontrolled, of…
Generic name for malignant neoplasms or tumors, which are agg…
Neoplasias that don't spread/are not malignant
Epithelial malignant neoplasm
Neoplasm
Growth of cells or tumor which is autonomous/uncontrolled, of…
Cancer
Generic name for malignant neoplasms or tumors, which are agg…
Host Defense(Microbio)
Innate response
Adaptive response
Adaptive immunity
Differences btwn innate and adaptive i…
functions in normal host WITHOUT prior exposure
Require prior exposure... Consist of a humoral and cell-mediated…
induced by exposure to an antigen having a response that is s…
innate: quick response, somewhat specific, limit diversity, n…
Innate response
functions in normal host WITHOUT prior exposure
Adaptive response
Require prior exposure... Consist of a humoral and cell-mediated…
Host defense week 5
type I hypersensitivity
type II hypersensitivity
type III hypersensitivity
type IV hypersensitivity
immediate/anaphylactic... big immune response with decreased con…
cytotoxic- by binding cell epitopes with ab... triggered by cell…
immune complex mediated... triggered by incomplete clearance... com…
cell-mediated... delayed 24-78 hours... CD4+, Th1 cells, monocytes/…
type I hypersensitivity
immediate/anaphylactic... big immune response with decreased con…
type II hypersensitivity
cytotoxic- by binding cell epitopes with ab... triggered by cell…
Host Defense 4
AR SCID
AICD
Cytokine withdrawal on effector T cells
T cell exhaustion
defect in any part of T signaling pathway for development... RAG…
apoptosis for effector T cells... prolonged TCR signaling decrea…
-decreased ag causes decreased APC cytokine production... -Cell…
continuous ag exposure causes metabolic burn out... CTLs can onl…
AR SCID
defect in any part of T signaling pathway for development... RAG…
AICD
apoptosis for effector T cells... prolonged TCR signaling decrea…
host defense week 3
ag recognition requirements
professional APC
plasmacytoid cells
langerhans cells
MHC, peptide, TCR... protein must be processed... must be bound to…
high MHC and B71/B72 to activate naive T cell... dendritic cells…
blood, lymph nodes, thymus ... APC
highly phagocytic... migrate through lymphatics... most common APC
ag recognition requirements
MHC, peptide, TCR... protein must be processed... must be bound to…
professional APC
high MHC and B71/B72 to activate naive T cell... dendritic cells…
43 terms
Host Defense Pharmacology
Mechanisms of antimicrobial resistance
Beta-lactam antibiotics
Beta-lactamase inhibitors
Reasons for combination therapy
plasmid mediated resistance (anti-biotic resistance genes); a…
penicillin; cephalosporins... inhibit crosslinking or transpepti…
clavanuate, sulbactam, tazobactam... inactive against inducible…
-provide broad-spectrum therapy... -treat polymicrobial infectio…
Mechanisms of antimicrobial resistance
plasmid mediated resistance (anti-biotic resistance genes); a…
Beta-lactam antibiotics
penicillin; cephalosporins... inhibit crosslinking or transpepti…
Host Defense week 1
innate immune system components
adaptive immune system components
active immunization
passive immunization
NK cells... barriers... phagocytosis... complement... inflammatory mediat…
APCs, T cells, B cells... self vs non self... antigen recognition m…
purposeful exposure to a pathogen to cause a host response, p…
short-lived immunity... give ab to treat an exposure without tri…
innate immune system components
NK cells... barriers... phagocytosis... complement... inflammatory mediat…
adaptive immune system components
APCs, T cells, B cells... self vs non self... antigen recognition m…
29 terms
Nonspecific Host Defense Mechanisms
The first two lines of defense
Antibodies
Antigens
Intact skin and mucous membranes
They are directed against any foreign substances that enter o…
Produced in the body in response to the presence of foreign s…
Stimulate the production of specific antibodies; they are "an…
Physical or mechanical barriers
The first two lines of defense
They are directed against any foreign substances that enter o…
Antibodies
Produced in the body in response to the presence of foreign s…
227 terms
Host Defense MDQ#2
How do lymphoblasts (activated T cell…
What are antigens? How do epitopes rel…
How do T cells and B cells differ in t…
Compare BCR and TCR structure
larger in size, larger nuclei with diffuse chromatin (allows…
antigens = molecule/part of molecule that is recognized by im…
T cells = antigenic proteins must be broken down and presente…
BCR = monomeric immunoglobulin (Ig) associated with Ig-alpha…
How do lymphoblasts (activated T cell…
larger in size, larger nuclei with diffuse chromatin (allows…
What are antigens? How do epitopes rel…
antigens = molecule/part of molecule that is recognized by im…
28 terms
Random Host Defense
rapid growing NTMs
What causes Chagas disease?
What causes African Sleeping Sickness?
What causes Guinea worm disease?
M. fortuitum, M. chelonae, M. abscessus
Trypanosoma Cruzi
Trypanosoma brucei
Draculuncus Medinensis
rapid growing NTMs
M. fortuitum, M. chelonae, M. abscessus
What causes Chagas disease?
Trypanosoma Cruzi
Host Defense Week 2
small resting lymphocyte TEM character…
lymphoblast TEM characteristics
Effector B cell TEM characteristics
effector T cell TEM characteristics
scant cytoplasm... no RER... condensed chromatin
large size... large nucleus... diffuse chromatin
more cytoplasm... prominent RER... abundant mitochondria... smoother e…
more cytoplasm... prominent RER... abundant mitochondria... ragged edges
small resting lymphocyte TEM character…
scant cytoplasm... no RER... condensed chromatin
lymphoblast TEM characteristics
large size... large nucleus... diffuse chromatin
140 terms
Host Defense MDQ #1
Cases in which vaccines have been succ…
Cases where vaccines are currently try…
Future goals of vaccines?
Difference between active immunization…
ID and allergens
HIV and cancer
autoimmune disorders
active = inoculation with live or dead pathogen leading to ho…
Cases in which vaccines have been succ…
ID and allergens
Cases where vaccines are currently try…
HIV and cancer
163 terms
Host Defense BMS
What makes up primary and secondary de…
Where do we find mucous membranes in t…
What sort of protective chemicals are…
What is the skin barrier made up of?
1. Primary Defense:... -skin... -mucous... 2. Secondary Defense:... -P…
-eyes... -ears... -nose... -mouth... -rectum... -urethra
-acid... -enzymes... -mucin (glycosylated proteins)... -defensins (hos…
-squamous epithelium (highly keratinized)... -sweat... -sebaceous g…
What makes up primary and secondary de…
1. Primary Defense:... -skin... -mucous... 2. Secondary Defense:... -P…
Where do we find mucous membranes in t…
-eyes... -ears... -nose... -mouth... -rectum... -urethra
446 terms
Host Defense Quick Associations
MAC
M. kansasii
M. marinum
M. bovis
disseminated infection (HIV/AIDs)... Lady Windermere's Syndrome…
can mimic pulmonary TB
"fish tank" granuloma
component of BCG vaccine
MAC
disseminated infection (HIV/AIDs)... Lady Windermere's Syndrome…
M. kansasii
can mimic pulmonary TB
13 terms
Host Defense LG Questions
F I C A mnemonic for taking a Spiritua…
Question for F in FICA?
Question for I in FICA?
Question for C in FICA?
Faith... Importance or influence these beliefs have on a person…
Do you consider yourself spiritual or religious?
How do these beliefs influence the way you are coping with yo…
Can your spiritual community offer you some support at this t…
F I C A mnemonic for taking a Spiritua…
Faith... Importance or influence these beliefs have on a person…
Question for F in FICA?
Do you consider yourself spiritual or religious?
Host Defense BMS
What makes up primary and secondary de…
Where do we find mucous membranes in t…
What sort of protective chemicals are…
What is the skin barrier made up of?
1. Primary Defense:... -skin... -mucous... 2. Secondary Defense:... -P…
-eyes... -ears... -nose... -mouth... -rectum... -urethra
-acid... -enzymes... -mucin (glycosylated proteins)... -defensins (hos…
-squamous epithelium (highly keratinized)... -sweat... -sebaceous g…
What makes up primary and secondary de…
1. Primary Defense:... -skin... -mucous... 2. Secondary Defense:... -P…
Where do we find mucous membranes in t…
-eyes... -ears... -nose... -mouth... -rectum... -urethra
36 terms
(L1) Host Defense
Physical
Chemical
Biochemical (mucosa, saliva, tears)
Cellular
Mucosa... Epithelium... Cilia... Cell shedding
Low pH (stomach)... High salt concentration (stomach)
lysozymes... protease... DNAse... complement system... antibacterial pept…
innate and acquired immune system present in Mucose Associate…
Physical
Mucosa... Epithelium... Cilia... Cell shedding
Chemical
Low pH (stomach)... High salt concentration (stomach)
Host Defense MDQ#3
Cytokines produced by TH1 cells? Th2 c…
Location of plasmacytoid DC? Conventio…
Effect that pro inflammatory cytokines…
Effect of Type I IFNs on immunoproteos…
Th1 = IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha, IL-2, TH2 = IL-4, IL-5, IL-2
plasmacytoid = blood, LN, thymus, Conventional Migratory = in…
increase 8-10 nucleotide output (for better binding)
increase through put, up regulate LMP2 and LMP7, increase spe…
Cytokines produced by TH1 cells? Th2 c…
Th1 = IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha, IL-2, TH2 = IL-4, IL-5, IL-2
Location of plasmacytoid DC? Conventio…
plasmacytoid = blood, LN, thymus, Conventional Migratory = in…
Portal of entry/host defense
Disease transmission routes
what are examples of droplet transmiss…
examples of vectors of transmission
an inanimate object that harbors and t…
direct contact, vectors, airborne, fomite, fecal-oral
coughing, sneezing, medical prodecures, shared food bowls
mosquito, ticks, fleas, mites, biting flies
fomite
Disease transmission routes
direct contact, vectors, airborne, fomite, fecal-oral
what are examples of droplet transmiss…
coughing, sneezing, medical prodecures, shared food bowls
80 terms
Bacterial virulence and host defense
Name the two ways in which bacteria ca…
How do toxins cause disease?
How do invasive pathogens cause disease?
opportunistic pathogens affect what ty…
Toxins (toxigenic pathogen)... Invasion and Inflammation (invasi…
Toxigenic pathogens cause disease by producing a poison that…
indirectly... 1. Invasive pathogens spread through the host's…
immunocompromised
Name the two ways in which bacteria ca…
Toxins (toxigenic pathogen)... Invasion and Inflammation (invasi…
How do toxins cause disease?
Toxigenic pathogens cause disease by producing a poison that…
Host Defense Mechanisms
Host defese mechanisms play a role in...
What are 4 defense systems that exist?…
Defense #1: What are the 3 anatomical…
What does the JE lack?
disease prevention
1. anatomic barriers (include the epithelium and an ideal den…
-epithelium: inact, difficult barrier to breach (skin, intrao…
lacks keratin and is perhaps the oral site most susceptible t…
Host defese mechanisms play a role in...
disease prevention
What are 4 defense systems that exist?…
1. anatomic barriers (include the epithelium and an ideal den…
22 terms
110 Host Defense Mechanisms
The strongest evidence that oral healt…
A ___________________ relationship is…
Which is not one of the 4 listed defen…
T/F The immune system is considered on…
b) diabetes
symbiotic
e) none of the above
True
The strongest evidence that oral healt…
b) diabetes
A ___________________ relationship is…
symbiotic
18 terms
Defense Mechanisms of the Host in Perspective
defenses
innate
adaptive
some defenses
physical barriers, chemical defenses, immunologically active…
present at birth
acquired after birth and exposure to antigens
interact to create a coordinated response
defenses
physical barriers, chemical defenses, immunologically active…
innate
present at birth
39 terms
Bacterial Virulence and Host Defense
Toxigenic pathogen
Invasive Pathogen
Invasive pathogens, as opposed to toxi…
What type of toxic substance released…
Toxigenic pathogens cause disease by producing a poison that…
Invasive pathogens have the ability to spread through the hos…
Friendly fire.... A pyogenic disease primarily causes inflammat…
Endotoxin. Macrophage ingests gram negative bacteria. Bacteri…
Toxigenic pathogen
Toxigenic pathogens cause disease by producing a poison that…
Invasive Pathogen
Invasive pathogens have the ability to spread through the hos…
44 terms
Host Defense Mechanisms of the Lung
B and T cells
CD200
Top: Tight junctions... Bottom: adherens…
Claudins 3, 4, 18
adaptive immunity
prevent over-exuberant immune responses to maintain tissue in…
what are theses barriers?
what are some interecellular proteins that make up tight and…
B and T cells
adaptive immunity
CD200
prevent over-exuberant immune responses to maintain tissue in…
11 terms
Failures of Host defense mechanisms
Infant development:
Where is the danger for babies?
Breast feeding
Complement deficiencies
Transition from maternal immunity to personal immunity.
Increased susceptibility to disease between 3 and 12 month.…
only protects intestinal tract
...
Infant development:
Transition from maternal immunity to personal immunity.
Where is the danger for babies?
Increased susceptibility to disease between 3 and 12 month.…
28 terms
Virulence and Host defense--Felton
What is endogenous effect?
What is an Exogenous infection?
What are the portals of entry for micr…
What are routes of tramission of micro…
The normal flora in our body move to another location in the…
The infection is caused by an outside source: access to paras…
The GI tract, Respiratory tract, GU tract, ocular mucosa, wou…
Direct contact, airbone, formites, food and water (fecal/oral…
What is endogenous effect?
The normal flora in our body move to another location in the…
What is an Exogenous infection?
The infection is caused by an outside source: access to paras…
39 terms
Host Defense Lectures 32-33
How does the immune response develop i…
What are the innate defenses available…
What does stimulation of the innate im…
Which TLR stimulates the MyD88 indepen…
Stimulation of innate immune response --> stimulation of adap…
Cilia/mucus - cause coughing and sneezing.... Temperature - inho…
Type I IFN production... TLRs (MyD88 independent)... Complement act…
TLR-3. For viruses.
How does the immune response develop i…
Stimulation of innate immune response --> stimulation of adap…
What are the innate defenses available…
Cilia/mucus - cause coughing and sneezing.... Temperature - inho…
16 terms
Initial Host Defense Against Infection
Immune Defense Systems of the Host: In…
Immune Defense Systems of the Host: Ad…
Non-Specific Defense Mechanisms of th…
Non-Specific Defense Mechanisms of th…
1) Genes fixed in genome, no gene rearrangements required... 2)…
1) Involvement in humoral and cellular immune responses.... 2)…
1) Normal flora of the host, the Microbiome. Blocks pathogens…
Protects host from pathogen invasion via:... 1) Competition for…
Immune Defense Systems of the Host: In…
1) Genes fixed in genome, no gene rearrangements required... 2)…
Immune Defense Systems of the Host: Ad…
1) Involvement in humoral and cellular immune responses.... 2)…
Ch 12 Host Defense
Host Defense
First line of defense
Second line of defense
Third line of defense
a multilevel network of innate,... nonspecific protections and s…
Surface protection composed of anatomical and physiological b…
A cellular or chemical system that comes immediately after an…
Includes specific host defenses. Recognizes each foreign subs…
Host Defense
a multilevel network of innate,... nonspecific protections and s…
First line of defense
Surface protection composed of anatomical and physiological b…
27 terms
ch 14 host defense
Defense Mechanisms of the host.
immune system
thrombocytes
mast cell
Multilevel, interconnecting network of host protection agains…
complex collection of fluids and cells that penetrate every o…
aka platelets, important clotting factors
specialized tissue cell that triggers local inflammatory repo…
Defense Mechanisms of the host.
Multilevel, interconnecting network of host protection agains…
immune system
complex collection of fluids and cells that penetrate every o…
261 terms
Host Defense Unit2
Escherichia coli: location, antigen char
Enterobacteriaceae char (gram, shape,…
Escherichia coli: Antigenic Designation
Antigens of Enteric Gram-Negative Rods
+Exclusive colonization of intestinal tract... Normal Flora vs.…
Gram negative rods... Facultative... Non-sporulating
O55:K9:H6 (example)... Somatic O55... Capsular K9... Flagella H6... Trem…
+O-Antigen (All will have it)... Outer membrane of cell wall... *Li…
Escherichia coli: location, antigen char
+Exclusive colonization of intestinal tract... Normal Flora vs.…
Enterobacteriaceae char (gram, shape,…
Gram negative rods... Facultative... Non-sporulating
51 terms
Host and Defense 3.9.15
What are the two lineages of white blo…
What is the major sterol in fungi?
What antifungal drug interferes with f…
What antifungal drug interferes with f…
1. Myeloid (Dendritic and Macrophage) and 2. Lymphoid (Pre-B…
Ergosterol
Amphotercin B
caspofungin
What are the two lineages of white blo…
1. Myeloid (Dendritic and Macrophage) and 2. Lymphoid (Pre-B…
What is the major sterol in fungi?
Ergosterol
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