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Study sets matching "how ecosystems"

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Study sets matching "how ecosystems"

18 terms
Ecosystems and how ecosystems change
ecosystems
components of an ecosystem
biotic factors
abiotic factors
-communities of organisms and their abiotic environment,... -the…
1. energy... 2. mineral nutrients... 3. water... 4. oxygen... 5. other li…
environmental factors that are associated with or results fro…
environmental factors that are not associated with the activi…
ecosystems
-communities of organisms and their abiotic environment,... -the…
components of an ecosystem
1. energy... 2. mineral nutrients... 3. water... 4. oxygen... 5. other li…
39 terms
How Ecosystems work
climate
ecosystem
producers
food web
... an abiotic factor that describes overall weather in an ar…
... a system formed by the interaction of a community of orga…
...organisms that use sunlight directly to make food through…
... a food web is a diagram showing which animals eat which o…
climate
... an abiotic factor that describes overall weather in an ar…
ecosystem
... a system formed by the interaction of a community of orga…
18 terms
Ecosystems and how ecosystems change
ecosystems
components of an ecosystem
biotic factors
abiotic factors
-communities of organisms and their abiotic environment,... -the…
1. energy... 2. mineral nutrients... 3. water... 4. oxygen... 5. other li…
environmental factors that are associated with or results fro…
environmental factors that are not associated with the activi…
ecosystems
-communities of organisms and their abiotic environment,... -the…
components of an ecosystem
1. energy... 2. mineral nutrients... 3. water... 4. oxygen... 5. other li…
46 terms
How Ecosystems work
climate
ecosystem
producers
food web
... an abiotic factor that describes overall weather in an ar…
... a system formed by the interaction of a community of orga…
...organisms that use sunlight directly to make food through…
... a food web is a diagram showing which animals eat which o…
climate
... an abiotic factor that describes overall weather in an ar…
ecosystem
... a system formed by the interaction of a community of orga…
17 terms
How Ecosystems Work
photosynthesis
producer/autotroph
consumer/heterotroph
decomposer
a process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture ligh…
an organism that can make its own food
an organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms
an organism that breaks down wastes and dead organisms
photosynthesis
a process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture ligh…
producer/autotroph
an organism that can make its own food
14 terms
How Ecosystems Work
Photosynthesis
Producer
Consumer
Decomposer
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.
An organism that can make its own food.
An organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms
An organism that gets energy by breaking down the remains of…
Photosynthesis
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.
Producer
An organism that can make its own food.
19 terms
How Ecosystems Change
ecological succession
primary succession
secondary succession
climax community
the normal gradual changes that occur in the types of species…
development of a community starting from bare rock; part of t…
Begins in a place that already has soil and was once the home…
stable, end stage of ecological succession in which balance i…
ecological succession
the normal gradual changes that occur in the types of species…
primary succession
development of a community starting from bare rock; part of t…
16 terms
How ecosystems work
Carbon cycle
Cellular respiration
Climax Community
Consumer
movement of carbon from the nonliving environment into living…
the process by which cells produce energy from carbohydrates
final, stable community in equilibrium with the environment
an organism that eats other organisms instead of producing it…
Carbon cycle
movement of carbon from the nonliving environment into living…
Cellular respiration
the process by which cells produce energy from carbohydrates
11 terms
How ecosystems change?
tornadoes, volcanoes, and earthquakes
Build houses... pollution... introduce new s…
overhunting & loss of habitat
Threatened
what are some natural disasters that cause ecosystems to chan…
How do organisms cause an ecosystem to change?
What causes organisms to become extinct?
When an organisms has low numbers, it is said to be _________.
tornadoes, volcanoes, and earthquakes
what are some natural disasters that cause ecosystems to chan…
Build houses... pollution... introduce new s…
How do organisms cause an ecosystem to change?
15 terms
How Ecosystems Work
Cellular Respiration
Trophic Cascade
Secondary Succession
Ecological Succession
process where sugars are broken down to create ATP
occurs when a keystone species is removed from the food web
Occurs on a surface where an ecosystem has previously existed…
Gradual process of change and replacement of some or all of t…
Cellular Respiration
process where sugars are broken down to create ATP
Trophic Cascade
occurs when a keystone species is removed from the food web
25 terms
How Ecosystems Work Vocabualry
trophic level
producer
herbivore
carnivore
nutritional level
belonging to the 1st trophic level
belonging to 2nd trophic level
belong to the 3rd trophic level
trophic level
nutritional level
producer
belonging to the 1st trophic level
36 terms
Ch 5 How Ecosystems Work
Proteins, fats, and carbohydrates
Producer
Trophic level
Food chain
contain carbon as an essential component
include green plants, which produce food through photosynthes…
the feeding positions in a food chain or web
pathway of energy transfer through various stages as a result…
Proteins, fats, and carbohydrates
contain carbon as an essential component
Producer
include green plants, which produce food through photosynthes…
How Ecosystems Change
Ecological Succession
Climax Community
Secondary Succession
Pioneer Species
The gradual replacement of one community by another
The final stage of succession in an area, unless a major chan…
The beginning of a new community where an early community alr…
The first species living in an otherwise lifeless area.
Ecological Succession
The gradual replacement of one community by another
Climax Community
The final stage of succession in an area, unless a major chan…
20 terms
How Ecosystems Change/Biomes
succession
climax community
pioneer species
biomes
natural, gradual changes in the types of species that live in…
stable, end stage of ecological succession in which balance i…
first organism to grow in new or disturbed areas
large geographic areas with similar climates and ecosystems
succession
natural, gradual changes in the types of species that live in…
climax community
stable, end stage of ecological succession in which balance i…
18 terms
How do ecosystems change???????????
Explain how changes in an ecosystem ca…
zebra mussels
Garlic mustard
How do beaver ponds help the beaver? H…
When people move into animals inviroment they can sometimes n…
stick to hard surfaces. They can clog pipes. They have no pre…
seeds can grow even after being on the ground for five years.
They help the beavers because it gives them a home. It can be…
Explain how changes in an ecosystem ca…
When people move into animals inviroment they can sometimes n…
zebra mussels
stick to hard surfaces. They can clog pipes. They have no pre…
31 terms
Chapter 5: How Ecosystems Work
photosynthesis
carbohydrates
producer
autotrophs
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.…
energy rich molecules which carry out daily activities... Carboh…
An organism that makes its own food... An autotrophic organism c…
self-feeders... Organisms that are able to make their own food
photosynthesis
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.…
carbohydrates
energy rich molecules which carry out daily activities... Carboh…
8 terms
How Ecosystems Change
Succession
Primary succession
Pioneer species... (Lichens or moss)
Soil
Refers to the normal, gradual changes that occur in the types…
Refers to a place without plants
The first plants in an area
During primary succession, what begins to form as lichens and…
Succession
Refers to the normal, gradual changes that occur in the types…
Primary succession
Refers to a place without plants
How do ecosystems change?
Explain how changes in an ecosystems c…
Zebra mussels
Garlic musterd
Why can populations of zebra mussels a…
Ecosystems can be changed by weather and the amount of animal…
are animals that people accidentally moved from one ecosystem…
the plant was carried to the United states on purpose they we…
They grow because when they moved into a different ecosystem…
Explain how changes in an ecosystems c…
Ecosystems can be changed by weather and the amount of animal…
Zebra mussels
are animals that people accidentally moved from one ecosystem…
15 terms
how do ecosystems change
environment
types of environments
what is the environment of the millipede
how do environments change
all of the conditions surrounding an organism
hot or cold: land or water
dead plant matter
environments change naturally as resources change
environment
all of the conditions surrounding an organism
types of environments
hot or cold: land or water
6 terms
How Does Energy Move Through Ecosystems?
Food Chain
Food Web
Energy Pyramid
first- level consumers/Primary Consumers
the transfer of energy from one organism to the next in an ec…
shows how food chains overlap
at each level, only 10% of energy is available to be passed u…
eat plants only (herbivores)
Food Chain
the transfer of energy from one organism to the next in an ec…
Food Web
shows how food chains overlap
36 terms
How Ecosystems Work
How much of the Sun's energy is used b…
What is the main source of energy for…
These organisms get energy from the Su…
Another word for "Autotroph"
Less than 1%
The Sun
Autotrophs
Producer
How much of the Sun's energy is used b…
Less than 1%
What is the main source of energy for…
The Sun
30 terms
Chp 5 - How Ecosystems Work
Photosynthesis
Carbohydrates
Producer
Autotroph
Turning solar energy into chemical energy
Sugar
Something that can make its own food; plants
Something that can make its own food; plants
Photosynthesis
Turning solar energy into chemical energy
Carbohydrates
Sugar
11 terms
How do humans change ecosystems?
Human Activity: ... Construction of Road…
Human Activity: ... Dam-building
Human Activity: ... Manufacturing and Co…
Introduced species
Consequences: ... 1. Surface soil is removed, killing soil orga…
Consequences: ... 1. The courses of rivers and streams are chan…
Consequences: ... 1. Factories consume energy and create pollut…
Any organism that was brought to an ecosystem as the result o…
Human Activity: ... Construction of Road…
Consequences: ... 1. Surface soil is removed, killing soil orga…
Human Activity: ... Dam-building
Consequences: ... 1. The courses of rivers and streams are chan…
69 terms
Environmental Science How Ecosystems Work
Biodiversity
Ecological Succession
Primary Succession
Pioneer Species
When an ecosystem has many varieties of plants and animals.
Occurs when an ecosystem becomes unstable; It is a gradual an…
Begins in an area without soil; or in an area of newly expose…
The first organisms to grow in a bare area such as a rock. Ex…
Biodiversity
When an ecosystem has many varieties of plants and animals.
Ecological Succession
Occurs when an ecosystem becomes unstable; It is a gradual an…
10 terms
How ecosystems change
Keystone Species
Indicator species
Indigenous (endemic) species
Invasive species
species that play roles affecting many other organisms in an…
Species whose decline serves as early warnings that a communi…
species that are found in only one area, typically vulnerable…
species that migrate into an ecosystem or deliberately/accide…
Keystone Species
species that play roles affecting many other organisms in an…
Indicator species
Species whose decline serves as early warnings that a communi…
5 terms
How Living Things Interact in Ecosystems 2
interact
resource
predator
prey
to come into contact with and affect one another
something that a living thing needs to stay alive
animals that hunt other animals for food, such as a hawk hunt…
animals that are hunted, such as a mouse being eaten by a hawk
interact
to come into contact with and affect one another
resource
something that a living thing needs to stay alive
10 terms
How Ecosystems Change
Ecological Succession
Climax Community
Primary Succession
Pioneer Species
The process of one ecological community gradually changing in…
A stable community that is not going through major ecological…
Succession in new areas of land or no soil
The first species to colonize new or undisturbed land
Ecological Succession
The process of one ecological community gradually changing in…
Climax Community
A stable community that is not going through major ecological…
20 terms
How ecosystems work
SECTION 1
1. photosynthesis
2. producer
3.Consumer
Energy flow in ecosystems
energy from the sun is used to make sugar(food)
organism that makes its own food
organsims that get their energy by eating other organsims
SECTION 1
Energy flow in ecosystems
1. photosynthesis
energy from the sun is used to make sugar(food)
8 terms
How ecosystems change
Biome
Tundra
Taiga
Temperate deciduous forest
Large geographic areas with similar climates and ecosystems;…
Cold, dry, treeless biome with less that 25 cm of precipitati…
Worlds largest biome, located south of the tundra between 50°…
Biome usually having four distinct seasons, annual precipitat…
Biome
Large geographic areas with similar climates and ecosystems;…
Tundra
Cold, dry, treeless biome with less that 25 cm of precipitati…
12 terms
How Do Ecosystems Work
Biogeochemicals Cycles
Reservoirs
Fossil Fuels
Legumes
Describe the pathways these substances follow as they move fr…
Ultimate source of storage sites of nutrients.
remains of ancient forms of life.
Some bacteria live in a symbiotic relationship where the bact…
Biogeochemicals Cycles
Describe the pathways these substances follow as they move fr…
Reservoirs
Ultimate source of storage sites of nutrients.
24 terms
How Ecosystems work vocab
Abiotic
Biotic
Carnivore
Carrying capacity
A non living part of the environment
A living part of the environment
An organism that captures and eats herbivores or carnivores
The number of individuals of a species that can be supported…
Abiotic
A non living part of the environment
Biotic
A living part of the environment
17 terms
Chapter 3: How Ecosystems Work
Where does an organism's energy come f…
What is a producer?
What is a consumer?
What is herbivore?
Sun
Organisms that makes its own food
Organisms that get energy by eating other organisms
Consumers that eat only producers (plant-eaters)
Where does an organism's energy come f…
Sun
What is a producer?
Organisms that makes its own food
67 terms
How ecosystems work
Process when energy from the sun enter…
Process by which plants, algae, and so…
Organism that make their own energy in…
What are producers also called
Photosynthesis
Photosynthesis
Producer
Autotrophs or self feeders
Process when energy from the sun enter…
Photosynthesis
Process by which plants, algae, and so…
Photosynthesis
8 terms
How Ecosystems Work
Photosynthesis
Producer
Consumers
Decomposers
When plants use sunlight to produce food
An organism that produces its own food
Organisms that get energy by eating other organisms
Break down organic matter from dead organisms
Photosynthesis
When plants use sunlight to produce food
Producer
An organism that produces its own food
8 terms
How Ecosystems work
photosynthesis
producer
consumer
decomposer
the process by which plants, algae, & some bacteria use sunli…
an organism that makes its own food ... AKA: autotrophs, or self…
organisms that get their energy by eating other organisms: he…
a sequence in which energy is transferred from 1 organism to…
photosynthesis
the process by which plants, algae, & some bacteria use sunli…
producer
an organism that makes its own food ... AKA: autotrophs, or self…
How Ecosystems Work Vocabualry
trophic level
producer
herbivore
carnivore
nutritional level
belonging to the 1st trophic level
belonging to 2nd trophic level
belong to the 3rd trophic level
trophic level
nutritional level
producer
belonging to the 1st trophic level
33 terms
How Ecosystems Change
The process in which energy from the s…
6 Carbon Dioxide + 6 Water Molecule +…
An organism that can make its own food…
An organism that eats other organisms…
What is photosynthesis? Which organisms go through photosynth…
What is the chemical reaction of photosynthesis? Which are th…
What is a producer? What else can they be called?
What is a consumer? What else can they be called?
The process in which energy from the s…
What is photosynthesis? Which organisms go through photosynth…
6 Carbon Dioxide + 6 Water Molecule +…
What is the chemical reaction of photosynthesis? Which are th…
16 terms
How Ecosystems Change
Ecological Succession
Climax Community
Primary Succession
Pioneer species
The process of one ecological community gradually changing in…
A stable community that no longer goes through major ecologic…
Ecological succession in new areas of land with little or no…
The first species that colonized on new or undisturbed land
Ecological Succession
The process of one ecological community gradually changing in…
Climax Community
A stable community that no longer goes through major ecologic…
33 terms
How ecosystems work
ecology
organism
population
species
the study of the interactions among organisms and between org…
individuals: must survive and adapt to the environment; natur…
a group of individuals of the same species, pop size determin…
population(s) which share certain characteristics: can interb…
ecology
the study of the interactions among organisms and between org…
organism
individuals: must survive and adapt to the environment; natur…
How ecosystems work
Abiotic
Biotic
Carnivore
Carrying capacity
Nonliving part of the environment
Living part of the environment
An organism that captures and eats herbivores or other carniv…
The number of individuals of a species that can be supported…
Abiotic
Nonliving part of the environment
Biotic
Living part of the environment
30 terms
How do Ecosystems Change?
biome
grassland
tundra
taiga
생물군계
초원지대
툰드라
타이가
biome
생물군계
grassland
초원지대
10 terms
How ecosystems change
Keystone species
indicator species
indigenous species
invasive species
A species that influences the survival of many other species…
species that serve as early warnings that an ecosystem is bei…
species that originate and live, or occur naturally, in an ar…
plants and animals that have migrated to places where they ar…
Keystone species
A species that influences the survival of many other species…
indicator species
species that serve as early warnings that an ecosystem is bei…
10 terms
How ecosystems work
Photosynthesis
Phototsynthesis
Producer
Consumers
When a plant uses sunlight to make sugar molecules
6CO2+ 6H2O+solar energy = C6 H12 O6+ 6O2
A organism that makes its own food
Organisms that get their food by eating other organisms
Photosynthesis
When a plant uses sunlight to make sugar molecules
Phototsynthesis
6CO2+ 6H2O+solar energy = C6 H12 O6+ 6O2
8 terms
how ecosystems work
photosynthesis
producer
consumers
decomposer
During photosynthesis plants, algae, and some bacteria captur…
is an organism that makes its own food.
organisms that get there energy by eating other organisms.
bacteria and fungi are examples of decomposers.
photosynthesis
During photosynthesis plants, algae, and some bacteria captur…
producer
is an organism that makes its own food.
17 terms
How Ecosystems work
Photosynthesis
Consumer
Producer
Decomposer
The process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sun…
an organism that eats other organisms or organic matter inste…
An organism that can make organic molecules from inorganic mo…
an organism that feeds by breaking down organic matter from d…
Photosynthesis
The process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sun…
Consumer
an organism that eats other organisms or organic matter inste…
How Ecosystems Work
Ecology
2 components to ecolgy
Energy
First law of thermodynamics
Study of "house"
Biotic and abiotic
Capacity or ability to do work... Flows through the ecosystem ... P…
Cannot be destroyed or created ... Energy can change from one fo…
Ecology
Study of "house"
2 components to ecolgy
Biotic and abiotic
31 terms
How Ecosystems Work
Photosynthesis
producer
consumer
hydrogen sulfide
solar energy is converted into sugar molecules known as carbo…
an organism that makes their own food; autotrophs
organisms that get their energy from eating other organisms;…
deep-ocean bacteria use this instead of sunlight to make food
Photosynthesis
solar energy is converted into sugar molecules known as carbo…
producer
an organism that makes their own food; autotrophs
38 terms
How Ecosystems work
Plants ans other producers getbtheir e…
Animals get their energy from the sun…
Bacteria that live deep in the ocean g…
_____ obtain energy only from producers
Directly
Indirectly
Hydrogen sulfide
Herbivores
Plants ans other producers getbtheir e…
Directly
Animals get their energy from the sun…
Indirectly
11 terms
How ecosystems work
Photosynthesis
Producer
Food chain
Carbon cycle
The process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sun…
An organism that can make organic molecules from inorganic mo…
The pathway of energy transfer through various stages as a re…
The movement of carbon from the nonliving environment into li…
Photosynthesis
The process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sun…
Producer
An organism that can make organic molecules from inorganic mo…
12 terms
How do Ecosystems Work
Autotrophs/Producers
Heterotrophs/Consumers
Net Primary Productivity
Trophic Level
Self-Feeders. They produce food for themselves.
Other-Feeders. Must acquire energy packed in other organisms.
The energy that photosynthetic organisms store and make avail…
Each category of organisms, feeding levels.
Autotrophs/Producers
Self-Feeders. They produce food for themselves.
Heterotrophs/Consumers
Other-Feeders. Must acquire energy packed in other organisms.
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