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Study sets matching "human anatomy and physiology 2"

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Study sets matching "human anatomy and physiology 2"

86 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology 2
adipocytes
adipose tissue
Desmosomes/Anchoring junction
apical
lipid storage cells
specialized areolar tissue rich in stored fat
mechanically attaches adjacent cells to each other or to the…
that part of a cell or tissue which, in general, faces an ope…
adipocytes
lipid storage cells
adipose tissue
specialized areolar tissue rich in stored fat
283 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology Exam 2
Summarize the six major functions of b…
Describe the functional anatomy of dia…
Describe the functional anatomy of epi…
Describe the functional anatomy of met…
1.) Support... 2.) Protection... 3.) Assistance in Movement... 4.) Min…
shaft
each end of a long... bone
growth plate region
Summarize the six major functions of b…
1.) Support... 2.) Protection... 3.) Assistance in Movement... 4.) Min…
Describe the functional anatomy of dia…
shaft
15 terms
human anatomy and physiology 2
cent
centesis
cephal, ceps
chol, cystic
100,100th
puncture
head
gallbladder
cent
100,100th
centesis
puncture
Human anatomy and physiology 2
Epithelial tissue
Glands
Scinar exorine
Endocrine glands
Cover free surface of the body or Thorne's glands/basement me…
Single cell or multicellular structure that secrets substance…
Branching ducks that expanded to saclike structures
Have no ducks and secrets hormones
Epithelial tissue
Cover free surface of the body or Thorne's glands/basement me…
Glands
Single cell or multicellular structure that secrets substance…
9 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Unit 2
Epithelial Cells
Support Cells
Contractile Cells
Nerve Cells
Location: Makes up skin and lining of blood vessels and gut... S…
Location: Found in support tissues, cartilage, and bone... Struc…
Location: Muscles- they are muscle cells... Structure: have spec…
Function: make it possible for you to react to your environme…
Epithelial Cells
Location: Makes up skin and lining of blood vessels and gut... S…
Support Cells
Location: Found in support tissues, cartilage, and bone... Struc…
25 terms
Human Anatomy and physiology 2
Mammary
Manual
Mental
Nasal
Breast
Hand
Chin
Nose
Mammary
Breast
Manual
Hand
21 terms
human anatomy and physiology #2
oto
scope/scopy
bio
logy
ear
to view
life
study of
oto
ear
scope/scopy
to view
9 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
chemistry
matter
neutrons
synthesis
branch of physical science that studies the composition, stru…
anything that has weight and occupies space
electrically neutral subatomic particles
A+B=AB
chemistry
branch of physical science that studies the composition, stru…
matter
anything that has weight and occupies space
22 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology 2
What are the two functions of the Dige…
What are the contractions of smooth mu…
The enzyme lipase breaks down what mol…
The enzyme pepsin breaks down what mol…
1. breaks down food so it can be absorbed by the body... 2. elim…
peristalis
fats
proteins
What are the two functions of the Dige…
1. breaks down food so it can be absorbed by the body... 2. elim…
What are the contractions of smooth mu…
peristalis
182 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology
Superior (cranial)
Inferior (caudal)
Ventral (anterior)
Dorsal (posterior)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
toward or at the front of the body; in front of
Toward or at the back of the body; behind
Superior (cranial)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
Inferior (caudal)
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
15 terms
Chp 2 Human anatomy physiology
functions of carbohydrate
monosaccharide
disaccharide
polysaccharide
immediate energy and stored energy: structural molecules.
glucose fructose
sucrose lactose
glycogen cellulose
functions of carbohydrate
immediate energy and stored energy: structural molecules.
monosaccharide
glucose fructose
44 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology, Chapter 2
skeletal system
rib cage
lipids
calcium
system of bones that give you shape, protect inner organs, an…
protects the heart and lungs
the fats stored by bones
mineral needed so your heart and brain work correctly and to…
skeletal system
system of bones that give you shape, protect inner organs, an…
rib cage
protects the heart and lungs
Human Anatomy & Physiology 2 (Blood)
Distinguish between the liquid and sol…
Distinguish between erythrocytes, leuk…
What are some characteristics of RBC's?
How much hemoglobin is in each RBC? Wh…
-Solid-45% Red Blood Cells... -Liquid-55% Plasma
-Erythrocytes- Red Blood Cells... -Leukocytes- White Blood Cells…
-Also called erythocytes.... -Biconcave disc shape.... -1/3 hemoglo…
-1/3 hemoglobin in each red blood cell.... -Hemoglobin binds and…
Distinguish between the liquid and sol…
-Solid-45% Red Blood Cells... -Liquid-55% Plasma
Distinguish between erythrocytes, leuk…
-Erythrocytes- Red Blood Cells... -Leukocytes- White Blood Cells…
72 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
PROTON
ELECTRON
NEUTRON
O
POSITIVE CHARGED PARTICLE IN THE NUCLEUS
NEGATIVE CHARGED PARTICLE OUTSIDE THE NUCLEUS
NEUTRAL PARTICLE IN THE NUCLEUS
OXYGEN
PROTON
POSITIVE CHARGED PARTICLE IN THE NUCLEUS
ELECTRON
NEGATIVE CHARGED PARTICLE OUTSIDE THE NUCLEUS
72 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 2
Matter
Element
Energy
Kinetic Energy
Anything that occupies space and has mass. ... Could be solid,…
Substance that cannot be split into simpler substances by an…
capacity to do work, or put matter in motion
energy in action
Matter
Anything that occupies space and has mass. ... Could be solid,…
Element
Substance that cannot be split into simpler substances by an…
23 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Vocab 2
Salts
Synthesis reaction
Decomposition reaction
Exchange reaction
An ionic compound containing cations other than H+ and anions…
Occurs when two or more atoms or molecules combine to form a…
Occurs when a molecule is broken down into smaller molecules,…
Involves both synthesis and decomposition reactions; bonds ar…
Salts
An ionic compound containing cations other than H+ and anions…
Synthesis reaction
Occurs when two or more atoms or molecules combine to form a…
193 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Unit 1
Superior (cranial)
Inferior (caudal)
Ventral (anterior)
Dorsal (posterior)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
toward or at the front of the body; in front of
Toward or at the back of the body; behind
Superior (cranial)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
Inferior (caudal)
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
40 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Ch.2
Matter
Mass
Weight
Kilogram (kg)
anything that occupies space and has mass
the amount of matter in an object
the gravitational force acting on an object of a given mass
international unit for mass
Matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
Mass
the amount of matter in an object
13 terms
Human anatomy and physiology vocab. 2
Anterior
Ventral
Posterior/dorsal
Cranial/cephalic
The front; before
The belly side, equal to anterior
The back; behind
The head
Anterior
The front; before
Ventral
The belly side, equal to anterior
9 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
chemistry
matter
neutrons
synthesis
branch of physical science that studies the composition, stru…
anything that has weight and occupies space
electrically neutral subatomic particles
A+B=AB
chemistry
branch of physical science that studies the composition, stru…
matter
anything that has weight and occupies space
53 terms
Apologia Human Anatomy and Physiology Lesson 2 Skeletal
skull
rib cage
red bone marrow
yellow bone marrow
protects the brain
protects the heart and lungs
located within the spongy bone, is hemopoietic tissue that ma…
fatty tissue found in the medullary cavity of most adult long…
skull
protects the brain
rib cage
protects the heart and lungs
74 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology - Unit 2
short bones
flat bones
irregular bones
sesamoid bones
cube like, roughly equal lengths and widths; bones of the ank…
platelike structures with broad surfaces; ribs, scapulae, bon…
variety of shapes, most connected to several other bones; bon…
small, nodular bones usually embedded in a tendon adjacent to…
short bones
cube like, roughly equal lengths and widths; bones of the ank…
flat bones
platelike structures with broad surfaces; ribs, scapulae, bon…
27 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology chapter 2 Basic Chemistry
Energy
Chemical energy
Electrical energy
Oxygen (O) atomic number is 8
The ability to do work or put matter into motion.
energy stored in chemical bonds of chemical substances. when…
energy that results from the movement of charged particles. I…
A major component of both organic and inorganic molecules; as…
Energy
The ability to do work or put matter into motion.
Chemical energy
energy stored in chemical bonds of chemical substances. when…
58 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Lab #2
desmosomes
microvilli
osmosis
rough endoplasmic reticulum
anchoring junctions that prevent the separation of cells
minute fingerlike extensions that increase the surface area f…
the passive movement of water across a selectively permeable…
makes membrane and proteins by receiving polypeptides and mak…
desmosomes
anchoring junctions that prevent the separation of cells
microvilli
minute fingerlike extensions that increase the surface area f…
55 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 2
matter
elements
compound
atom
anything that has weight and takes up space (solids, liquids,…
all matter that is composed of fundamental substances
elements that are parts of chemical combinations
smallest particle of an element that has the properties of th…
matter
anything that has weight and takes up space (solids, liquids,…
elements
all matter that is composed of fundamental substances
99 terms
Chapter 2 - Human Anatomy and Physiology
matter
mass
weight
element
makes up all living and nonliving things
amount of matter in an object
gravitational force in an object
simplest type of matter
matter
makes up all living and nonliving things
mass
amount of matter in an object
36 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
Atomic weight
Mass Number
Carbs
Polar
Average of the mass numbers of all isotopes
Number of protons and neutrons
C, H, O
different
Atomic weight
Average of the mass numbers of all isotopes
Mass Number
Number of protons and neutrons
23 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
Integumentary System
Dermatology
Functions of body membranes
Tissues the skin is made up of
The skin and its accessory structures which include hair, nai…
The medical specialty for the diagnosis and treatment of diso…
1. Line or cover body surfaces... 2. Protect body surfaces... 3.Lub…
Epithelial tissue, connective tissue membranes, nerve tissue,…
Integumentary System
The skin and its accessory structures which include hair, nai…
Dermatology
The medical specialty for the diagnosis and treatment of diso…
27 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
Chemistry
Matter
Elements
Atom
The study of matter
Anything that has weight and takes up space
a basic chemical substance composed of atoms.
the smallest particle of an element;... the least complex level…
Chemistry
The study of matter
Matter
Anything that has weight and takes up space
100 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 2
Matter
Solid
Liquid
Gas
The "stuff" of the universe; anything that has mass and takes…
Has definite shape and volume.
Has definite volume and changeable shape.
Has changeable shape and volume.
Matter
The "stuff" of the universe; anything that has mass and takes…
Solid
Has definite shape and volume.
14 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology Vocabulary 2
Mal
Neo
Poly
Erythro
Bad
New
Many
Red
Mal
Bad
Neo
New
116 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
Di-
Glyc-
Lip-
-lyt
Two (root)
Sweet (root)
Fat (root)
Dissolvable (root)
Di-
Two (root)
Glyc-
Sweet (root)
169 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Midterm
anatomy
physiology
homeostasis
requirements of organisms:
structure of the body and it's parts (nomenclature)
study of the function (experiments)
maintenance of a stable internal environment - despite fluctu…
H2O(most abundant substance in body), food (provides nutrient…
anatomy
structure of the body and it's parts (nomenclature)
physiology
study of the function (experiments)
11 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology Stems 2
adip-
chondr-
-cyt
epi-
Fat
Cartilage
Cell
Upon
adip-
Fat
chondr-
Cartilage
221 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology- Exam #2
What is a phospholipid bilayer?
What does it mean to be selectively pe…
What is the significance of the glycoa…
Why are cell membrane proteins importa…
A selectively permeable membrane that separates intracellular…
The membrane only allows certain molecules to pass through
Provides highly specific biological markers by which cells re…
1. Transport... 2. Enzymatic Activity... 3. Receptors for signal tr…
What is a phospholipid bilayer?
A selectively permeable membrane that separates intracellular…
What does it mean to be selectively pe…
The membrane only allows certain molecules to pass through
40 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Exam 2
Right atrium
Left Atrium
Right ventricle
left ventricle
Right atrium
Left Atrium
90 terms
Chapter 6 Human Anatomy and Physiology
bones of skeleton
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
cartilages
axial and appendicular skeleton
bones of skull, vertebral column, rib cage,... protect, support,…
bones of the upper and lower limbs and girdles (shoulder and…
hyaline, elastic, fibrocartilage
bones of skeleton
axial and appendicular skeleton
axial skeleton
bones of skull, vertebral column, rib cage,... protect, support,…
182 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology
Superior (cranial)
Inferior (caudal)
Ventral (anterior)
Dorsal (posterior)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
toward or at the front of the body; in front of
Toward or at the back of the body; behind
Superior (cranial)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
Inferior (caudal)
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
15 terms
Week 2 Human Anatomy and Physiology
The ability to ward off pathogens that…
The lymphatic system functions to drai…
Lymphatic vessels begin as blind-ended…
Lymph ___ are encapsulated oval struct…
Immunity and susceptibility
extracellular fluid... plasma proteins... lipids... infections/path…
capillaries... trunks... subclavian
nodes... macrophages, b-lymphocytes and t-lymphocytes
The ability to ward off pathogens that…
Immunity and susceptibility
The lymphatic system functions to drai…
extracellular fluid... plasma proteins... lipids... infections/path…
59 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Exam 2
Axial Skeleton Consists of...
Functions of Axial Skeleton
The Skull consist of...
Cranial Bones
1.) Skull... 2.) Ear Ossicles... 3.) Hyoid Bone... 4.) Thoracic Cage... 5…
1.) Forms the longitudinal axis of the body... 2.) Supports the…
22 bones: 8 cranial bones and 14 facial bones... Cranial Bones-…
Enclose & protect brain, attachment site for head & neck musc…
Axial Skeleton Consists of...
1.) Skull... 2.) Ear Ossicles... 3.) Hyoid Bone... 4.) Thoracic Cage... 5…
Functions of Axial Skeleton
1.) Forms the longitudinal axis of the body... 2.) Supports the…
81 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
Biochemistry
Element
Atomic number
Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Ca…
The study of the molecules that compose living organisms.
Simplest form of matter to have unique chemical properties
Number of protons in the nucleus
Major elements of the Body
Biochemistry
The study of the molecules that compose living organisms.
Element
Simplest form of matter to have unique chemical properties
10 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology Quiz #2
cat(a,o) - Catabolic
cent(i)-, hect - Century, Centigram, H…
-centesis - Pericardiocentesis
cephal-, -ceps - Hydrocephalus, Biceps
Down
100, 1/100th
Puncture to aspirate fluid
Head
cat(a,o) - Catabolic
Down
cent(i)-, hect - Century, Centigram, H…
100, 1/100th
135 terms
Chapter 2-Human Anatomy and Physiology
What is the "Integumentary System"?
What are the 4 types of tissue?
What does connective tissue do?
What are the 3 types of muscle tissue?
Skin
Connective, Muscle, Nerves, and Epithelial
Supports your body
Skeletal, Cardiac, and Smooth
What is the "Integumentary System"?
Skin
What are the 4 types of tissue?
Connective, Muscle, Nerves, and Epithelial
human anatomy and physiology ch 2
Element
Compound
Protons
Neutrons
Simple form of matter; a substance that cannot be broken down…
Atoms of two or more elements joined to form chemical combina…
Positively charged subatomic particles found in nucleus
Neutral subatomic particles found in nucleus
Element
Simple form of matter; a substance that cannot be broken down…
Compound
Atoms of two or more elements joined to form chemical combina…
60 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
Main atoms
carbohydrates
carbohydrates
monosaccharides
carbon, phosphorus, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, sulfur
sugar,starches, fiber molecules
classified by complexity
glucose, frutose, galactose
Main atoms
carbon, phosphorus, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, sulfur
carbohydrates
sugar,starches, fiber molecules
10 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology: Pt. 2
arthr(o), artic
-ase
audi-
aut(o)-
Joint... Arthritis- inflation of joint
Enzyme... Lactase- breaks down milk sugars
Hearing... Audible- able to hear
Self... Autogamy- self fertilization
arthr(o), artic
Joint... Arthritis- inflation of joint
-ase
Enzyme... Lactase- breaks down milk sugars
130 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Ch.2
Anatomical position
Axial Region
Appendicular Region
Buccal
person standing erect with head, palms, and feet facing forward
forms body's central core, includes head, neck, and trunk
includes upper and lower limbs
cheek
Anatomical position
person standing erect with head, palms, and feet facing forward
Axial Region
forms body's central core, includes head, neck, and trunk
87 terms
Apologia Human Anatomy and Physiology Lesson 2 Skeletal
skeletal system
skull
rib cage
red bone marrow
the hard structure (bones and cartilages) that provides a fra…
protects the brain
protects the heart and lungs
located within the spongy bone, is hemopoietic tissue that ma…
skeletal system
the hard structure (bones and cartilages) that provides a fra…
skull
protects the brain
10 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology Quiz #2
down
100, 1/100th
puncture to aspirate fluid
head
cat(a, o)- (ex. catanolic)
cent(i)-, hect- (ex. century, centigram, hectoliter)
-centesis (ex. pericardiocentesis)
cephal-, -ceps (ex. hydrocephalus, biceps)
down
cat(a, o)- (ex. catanolic)
100, 1/100th
cent(i)-, hect- (ex. century, centigram, hectoliter)
78 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology Chapter :2
Matter
Energy
What forms of energy is involved in bo…
Can energy be converted from one form…
matter is anything that takes up space and has mass
Energy is the capacity to do work or put matter into motion;…
Chemical, electrical, radiant and mechanical. Of these, chemi…
Yes, but some energy is always useable (lost as heat) in such…
Matter
matter is anything that takes up space and has mass
Energy
Energy is the capacity to do work or put matter into motion;…
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