Study sets matching "human anatomy and physiology"

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Study sets matching "human anatomy and physiology"

35 terms
Intro to Human Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Anatomy vs Physiology
Chemicals
The structure (morphology) of the body and it's parts. in oth…
Studies the function of the bodies parts or ask the question…
Anatomists rely on observation and dissection while physiolog…
The basic unit of structure and function.
Anatomy
The structure (morphology) of the body and it's parts. in oth…
Physiology
Studies the function of the bodies parts or ask the question…
42 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Tissues of the Human Body
Tissues
Histology
Epithelial Tissue / Epithelium
Role of epithelium
A group of similar, specialized cells that work together to p…
the study of tissues... Also known as microscopic anatomy, is th…
1. A layer of tightly packed cells. Simple (1 layer) or Strat…
1. Protectin... 2. Absorption ... 3. Filtration... 4. Excretion... 5. Sec…
Tissues
A group of similar, specialized cells that work together to p…
Histology
the study of tissues... Also known as microscopic anatomy, is th…
Human Anatomy and Physiology - Directional terms
Superior ( Cranial or Cephalad )
Inferior ( caudal - towards the tail )
Ventral ( anterior )
Dorsal ( posterior )
Toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
Away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
Toward or at the front of the body; in front of ... eg. the bre…
toward or at the backside of the body; behind
Superior ( Cranial or Cephalad )
Toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
Inferior ( caudal - towards the tail )
Away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
43 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology: Bones
Diaphysis (shaft)
epiphysis (head)
osteocytes
lacunae
compact bone covered by connective tissue, long part of long…
end of long bone (thin layer) filled with layer of spongy bon…
mature bone cells
openings or cavities in the bone where osteocytes are found
Diaphysis (shaft)
compact bone covered by connective tissue, long part of long…
epiphysis (head)
end of long bone (thin layer) filled with layer of spongy bon…
Muscles Human Anatomy and Physiology
Orbicularis Oculi
Orbicularis Oris
Zygomaticus
Buccinator
Origin: Frontal and maxillary bones and ligaments around orbi…
Origin: Arises indirectly from maxilla and mandible... Insertion…
Origin: Zygomatic Bone... Insertion: Skin and muscle at corner o…
Origin: Molar region of maxilla and mandible... Insertion: Orbic…
Orbicularis Oculi
Origin: Frontal and maxillary bones and ligaments around orbi…
Orbicularis Oris
Origin: Arises indirectly from maxilla and mandible... Insertion…
39 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology
Circulatory system
Blood
Heart
Arteries
System that transports blood around body
Liquid that carries oxygen, glucose, and other nutrients to c…
Muscle that pumps blood around body
Vessels that carry blood away from heart
Circulatory system
System that transports blood around body
Blood
Liquid that carries oxygen, glucose, and other nutrients to c…
87 terms
Introduction to Human Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy is
What is physiology
What are all materials (living or non-…
What 5 environmental factors do humans…
The study of structure/morphology of the human body. From the…
The study of the functions of the human body and its parts. F…
1. Atom... 2. Molecule... 3. Macro-molecule... 4. Organelle ... 5. Cell... 6…
1. Food... 2. Water... 3. Pressure... 4. Oxygen... 5. Heat
Anatomy is
The study of structure/morphology of the human body. From the…
What is physiology
The study of the functions of the human body and its parts. F…
55 terms
Human Anatomy And Physiology - Ann
Simple Columnar Epithelial
Meissners Corpuscle
Osseous Tissue
Adipose
Tissue ... Location: intestine... Function: absorbs and secretion
Function: Light touch... Sensory Receptor
Bone Tissue ... Structure: Lacunae
Tissue ... Function: Support, insulate, store NRG... Location: Scalp
Simple Columnar Epithelial
Tissue ... Location: intestine... Function: absorbs and secretion
Meissners Corpuscle
Function: Light touch... Sensory Receptor
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1
Superior (cranial)
Inferior (caudal)
Ventral (anterior)
Dorsal (posterior)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
toward or at the front of the body; in front of
Toward or at the back of the body; behind
Superior (cranial)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
Inferior (caudal)
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
60 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology
Physiology
Anatomy
Homeostasis
Metabolism
the branch of biological science that studies and describes h…
the study of the shape and structure of body parts
the tendency of the body's system to maintain a relatively co…
the term that indicates all chemical reactions occurring in t…
Physiology
the branch of biological science that studies and describes h…
Anatomy
the study of the shape and structure of body parts
50 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Why study A&P?
How do we study A&P?
"cutting up", study of animal structure
"relationship to nature", examines animal function of structu…
1.) long historical interest in the way the human body works…
Cadavers, X-rays, MRI (to see tissue), CT scan
Anatomy
"cutting up", study of animal structure
Physiology
"relationship to nature", examines animal function of structu…
108 terms
Brain - Human Anatomy & Physiology
Brain
Brain - what is its protection
Cranium
Meninges(sing. meninx)
we are born with a hundred billion neurons, innumerable synap…
Cranium curvature
bony case that houses the brain. No epidural space found in…
covers the brain, but NOT brain tissue. Just protective layers
Brain
we are born with a hundred billion neurons, innumerable synap…
Brain - what is its protection
Cranium curvature
46 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3
Which of the following statements best…
Which item below is NOT a function per…
In which stage of mitosis do the chrom…
Lysosomes perform which of the followi…
A lipid bi-layer with protein molecules dispersed within it
Synthesis of proteins
Metaphase
Intracellular digestion
Which of the following statements best…
A lipid bi-layer with protein molecules dispersed within it
Which item below is NOT a function per…
Synthesis of proteins
Introduction to Human Anatomy and Physiology
What organ system is involved with com…
What three systems are involved with p…
Support and Movement
What 3 system involves acquiring energy?
Nervous System and Endocrine Sytem
Lymphatic System, Integumentary Sytem and the Urinary System
Muscular and Skeleton System
Respiratory System, Digestive System and Circulatory Sytem
What organ system is involved with com…
Nervous System and Endocrine Sytem
What three systems are involved with p…
Lymphatic System, Integumentary Sytem and the Urinary System
14 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology (eye)
Cornea
Sclera
Optic nerve
Iris
Transparent; helps to focus light rays
Protection & muscle attachment
Neurons leading from eye to brain
Adjusts light intensity by constricting or dilating
Cornea
Transparent; helps to focus light rays
Sclera
Protection & muscle attachment
97 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1
Superior (cranial)
Inferior (caudal)
Ventral (anterior)
Dorsal (posterior)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
toward or at the front of the body; in front of
Toward or at the back of the body; behind
Superior (cranial)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
Inferior (caudal)
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
Anatomy and Physiology human anatomy
anatomy
Physiology
Cranial cavity
Vertebral canal
deals with the STRUCTURE of the body and its FORMS
Studies the FUNCTIONS of these parts
skull
spinal cord
anatomy
deals with the STRUCTURE of the body and its FORMS
Physiology
Studies the FUNCTIONS of these parts
34 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology Nervous and Endocrine Systems
central nervous system (CNS)
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
brain
spinal cord
It has two parts - the brain and the spinal cord.
This sysstem spreads out from the CNS, going to the outer edg…
The three parts of the brain are the cerebrum, cerebellum and…
part of the CNS and the connection to the PNS
central nervous system (CNS)
It has two parts - the brain and the spinal cord.
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
This sysstem spreads out from the CNS, going to the outer edg…
Human Anatomy & Physiology - muscle anatomy
frontalis
orbicularis oculi
orbicularis oris
platysma
frontalis
orbicularis oculi
Human Anatomy: Bone Physiology
Support
Protection
Movement
Mineral Homeostasis
Legs and Pelvis Support the weight of the body... Atlas(C1) supp…
Skull protects brain... Ribs, and shoulder girdle protect Heart…
Skeletal muscles attach to bones with tendons... MUslces use bon…
Calcium Salts and Calcium Phosphate... Magnesium, sodium, potass…
Support
Legs and Pelvis Support the weight of the body... Atlas(C1) supp…
Protection
Skull protects brain... Ribs, and shoulder girdle protect Heart…
111 terms
Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3
Nucleus
Nuclear Envelope
Nucleoli
Chromatin
The control center of the cell... Contains genetic material (DNA…
Barrier of the nucleus... Consists of a double membrane... Contains…
Nucleus contains one or more... Sites of ribosome assembly... Ribos…
Composed of DNA and protein... Present when the cell is not divi…
Nucleus
The control center of the cell... Contains genetic material (DNA…
Nuclear Envelope
Barrier of the nucleus... Consists of a double membrane... Contains…
41 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology
Active transport
Anatomy
Atomic number
Atomic theory
The movement of substance across cell membranes against conce…
The structure or study of structure of the body and the relat…
Number of protons in an atom
All matter is made up of atoms
Active transport
The movement of substance across cell membranes against conce…
Anatomy
The structure or study of structure of the body and the relat…
Human physiology and anatomy
Arthr
Blast
Chondr
Clast
Joint
To build or spout
Cartilage
Break or destroy
Arthr
Joint
Blast
To build or spout
52 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology- The Bones
Frontal Bone (hueso frontal)
Zygomatic Bone (hueso cigomático)
Maxilla (maxilar superior)
Mandible (mandíbula)
Name this bone.... the large cranial bone forming the front part…
Name this bone.... the arch of bone beneath the eye that forms t…
Name this bone.... Forms most of the upper jaw, and part of the…
Name this bone.... The only moving bone in the skull. ... Jaw Bone
Frontal Bone (hueso frontal)
Name this bone.... the large cranial bone forming the front part…
Zygomatic Bone (hueso cigomático)
Name this bone.... the arch of bone beneath the eye that forms t…
Human Body Regions Anatomy and Physiology
Abdominal
Antebrachial
Antecubital
Auricular
Region inferior to the thorax and superior to the hip bones
Forearm (the portion of the upper limb between elbow and wrist
Region anterior to the elbow; aka the cubital region
Visible surface structure of the ears
Abdominal
Region inferior to the thorax and superior to the hip bones
Antebrachial
Forearm (the portion of the upper limb between elbow and wrist
40 terms
Chapter 4 Intro To Human Anatomy and Physiology
Physiology
Anatomy
11 Organ Systems
Integumentary System
study of function
study of structure
Integumentary, Skeletal, Muscular, Nervous, Endocrine, Cardio…
skin, protects
Physiology
study of function
Anatomy
study of structure
Human Anatomy and Physiology
Receptor
Distal
Distal
Deep internal
Sensors the monitors, the enviroment, and responds to changes
Farther from the orgin of a body.
Knee is ___________ to the thigh
Away from the body surface
Receptor
Sensors the monitors, the enviroment, and responds to changes
Distal
Farther from the orgin of a body.
Human Anatomy and Physiology
Physiology
Surface
Systemic
Regional
To dissect, cut apart, seperate
External features only
Looking at entire body systems
Regions of the body
Physiology
To dissect, cut apart, seperate
Surface
External features only
14 terms
Human anatomy and physiology
Peroxisomes... (Membranous)
Plasma membrane... (Membranous)
Cytoskeleton... (Nonmebranous)
Rough Endoplasmic reticulum (membranous)
Small sacs containing enzymes that detoxify harmful substance…
a microscopic membrane of lipids and proteins that forms the…
The cells internal supporting framework made up of rigid rodl…
Ribosomes are the factory workers, were ribosomes symthesize…
Peroxisomes... (Membranous)
Small sacs containing enzymes that detoxify harmful substance…
Plasma membrane... (Membranous)
a microscopic membrane of lipids and proteins that forms the…
70 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
what are the 3 types of primary muscle…
what are the 6 functions of skeletal m…
what are the 3 layers of connective ti…
epimysium
Skeletal muscle tissue... Cardiac muscle tissue... Smooth muscle ti…
1. Produce skeletal movement... 2. Maintain posture and body pos…
Epimysium... Perimysium... Endomysium
connective tissue layer that separates muscle from surroundin…
what are the 3 types of primary muscle…
Skeletal muscle tissue... Cardiac muscle tissue... Smooth muscle ti…
what are the 6 functions of skeletal m…
1. Produce skeletal movement... 2. Maintain posture and body pos…
54 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology
anorexia
alimentary canal:
three accessory organs
mastication
deliberate severe restriction of calories
the mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, larg…
the liver, gallbladder, and pancreas
chew
anorexia
deliberate severe restriction of calories
alimentary canal:
the mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, larg…
71 terms
HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
4 abdominopelvic quadrants
9 abdominopelvic regions
ANTECUBITAL
CERVICAL
Right upper quadrant(RUQ) Right lower quadrant(RLQ) Left uppe…
R hypochondriac region, Epigastric region, L hypochondriac re…
FRONT OF ELBOW
NECK(THROAT AREA)
4 abdominopelvic quadrants
Right upper quadrant(RUQ) Right lower quadrant(RLQ) Left uppe…
9 abdominopelvic regions
R hypochondriac region, Epigastric region, L hypochondriac re…
212 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology
Macroscopic (gross) anatomy:
Microscopic anatomy:
Histology: ... Cytology:
SIMPLE TO COMPLEX
examines large, visible structures
examines cells and molecules
1.tissues and their structures... 2.cells and their structures
Atom, molecule, organelle, cell, tissues, organs, organ syste…
Macroscopic (gross) anatomy:
examines large, visible structures
Microscopic anatomy:
examines cells and molecules
104 terms
Hystology: Human Anatomy and Physiology 201
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Single layer of flattened cells with disc-shaped central nucl…
Function: Diffusion and filtration
Location: capillary walls, alveolar walls in lungs, peritoneu…
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Single layer of flattened cells with disc-shaped central nucl…
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Function: Diffusion and filtration
283 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology Exam 2
Summarize the six major functions of b…
Describe the functional anatomy of dia…
Describe the functional anatomy of epi…
Describe the functional anatomy of met…
1.) Support... 2.) Protection... 3.) Assistance in Movement... 4.) Min…
shaft
each end of a long... bone
growth plate region
Summarize the six major functions of b…
1.) Support... 2.) Protection... 3.) Assistance in Movement... 4.) Min…
Describe the functional anatomy of dia…
shaft
550 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Gross anatomy
Dissection
Branch of science tnat studies body structure
Science that studies body function
Focus on structures that can be carefully observed and studie…
Carefully cutting a structure
Anatomy
Branch of science tnat studies body structure
Physiology
Science that studies body function
Human Anatomy and Physiology Terms
Ab
Adip
Agglutin
Aliment
from, away
fat
to glue together
food
Ab
from, away
Adip
fat
Human Anatomy and Physiology
Nasal
Acromial
Brachial
Antebrachial
Nose
Point of the shoulder
Arm
Forearm
Nasal
Nose
Acromial
Point of the shoulder
Human Anatomy and Physiology
Nose/Nasal Cavity
Pharynx
Larynx
Trachea
Entrance for air; internal hairs begin to filter incoming air…
Passageway for air moving from nasal cavity to larynx
Passageway for air; prevents foreign objects from entering tr…
Passageway for air; mucous lining continues to filter particl…
Nose/Nasal Cavity
Entrance for air; internal hairs begin to filter incoming air…
Pharynx
Passageway for air moving from nasal cavity to larynx
108 terms
Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology
anatomy
physiology
atoms
cells
the study of the structure of the body & its relationship to…
the study of how the body & its parts function
building blocks of matter
the smallest units of all living things
anatomy
the study of the structure of the body & its relationship to…
physiology
the study of how the body & its parts function
24 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Brain
Frontal Lobe
Central Sulcus
Parietal Lobe
Lateral Sulcus
Part of the brain lying immediately behind the forehead.
The sulcus separating the frontal and parietal lobes of the c…
Part of the brain at the top of the head.
The groove that runs from front to back along the lateral sur…
Frontal Lobe
Part of the brain lying immediately behind the forehead.
Central Sulcus
The sulcus separating the frontal and parietal lobes of the c…
Human Anatomy and Physiology: The Heart
Where is the heart located?
What is pericardial fluid?
What is another name for visceral laye…
What is the myocardium?
In between you lungs, slightly to the left of the breastbone
The serous fluid secreted by the serous layer of the pericard…
Epicardium
The muscle layer of the heart
Where is the heart located?
In between you lungs, slightly to the left of the breastbone
What is pericardial fluid?
The serous fluid secreted by the serous layer of the pericard…
34 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology Vocabulary
anatomy
physiology
homeostasis
receptor/sensor
study of body part structure
study of body part function
maintenance of a stable internal environment
monitors magnitude of a variable
anatomy
study of body part structure
physiology
study of body part function
78 terms
Intro to Human Anatomy & Physiology
abdominal
accromial
anatomy
antebrachial
relating to the abdomen
bony process on the scapula (shoulder blade)
the study of the structure of organisms and their parts
upper limb between elbow and hand
abdominal
relating to the abdomen
accromial
bony process on the scapula (shoulder blade)
59 terms
Anatomy & Physiology : The Human Body
Anatomy
Physiology
Pathology
Organization levels
The Study of The Structure of the Human Body
Study of how the body functions
Study of diseases
Living things are organized from simple to complex levels
Anatomy
The Study of The Structure of the Human Body
Physiology
Study of how the body functions
Human Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Gross, Macroscopic Anatomy
Surface Anatomy (?)
STRUCTURE of the body parts and where they are located in rel…
FUNCTION of the body parts; how they work and carry out life-…
Study of large body structures VISIBLE to the NAKED EYE
Study of how internal structures relate to the overlying skin…
Anatomy
STRUCTURE of the body parts and where they are located in rel…
Physiology
FUNCTION of the body parts; how they work and carry out life-…
Human anatomy and physiology test 1
Anatomy
Physiology
Axial
Appendicular
The study of the structures of the human body
Study of the functions of the human body
Head, chest, and torso
Legs and arms
Anatomy
The study of the structures of the human body
Physiology
Study of the functions of the human body
20 terms
Intro to Human Anatomy and Physiology
anatomy
physiology
atom
molecule
study of structure
study of function
hydrogen, nitrogen, carbon, oxygen
water, glucose, carbon dioxide
anatomy
study of structure
physiology
study of function
10 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology
the formed elements of the blood consi…
average life span of a RBC
the function of hemoglobin is to
the second step in hemostasis is
Erythocytes, Leukocytes, platelets
4 months
carry oxygen
platelet phase
the formed elements of the blood consi…
Erythocytes, Leukocytes, platelets
average life span of a RBC
4 months
56 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Visceral
Parietal
the science of the structure of living organisms
the science of the functioning of living organisms
pertaining to the internal part of a structure or the interna…
pertaining to the walls of a cavity
Anatomy
the science of the structure of living organisms
Physiology
the science of the functioning of living organisms
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