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Study sets matching "human anatomy cells"

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Study sets matching "human anatomy cells"

23 terms
Human Anatomy- The Cell Anatomy
Anatomy of a cell
Plasma Lemma
Cytoskeleton
Cytoplasm
cell membrane, lipid bilayer, surrounds the cell, outermost p…
elaborate internal network of protein rods spanning through t…
anything inside the cell including: organelles, membranes, etc.
Anatomy of a cell
Plasma Lemma
cell membrane, lipid bilayer, surrounds the cell, outermost p…
65 terms
Human Anatomy Cell/Tissue
PLASMA MEMBRANE
CYTOPLASM
CYTOSOL
NUCLEUS
-contains receptors for communication... -forms intercellular co…
-stores nutrients ... -dissolves solutes... -place of many metaboli…
-provides support for organelles... -serves as viscous medium wh…
-acts as cell control center... -controls all genetic info (DNA)…
PLASMA MEMBRANE
-contains receptors for communication... -forms intercellular co…
CYTOPLASM
-stores nutrients ... -dissolves solutes... -place of many metaboli…
23 terms
Human Anatomy Cell Parts
Simple Squamous (function)
Simple Squamous (location)
Simple Squamous (picture)
Simple Cuboidal (function)
Allows passage of materials by diffusion and filtration where…
kidney glomeruli; air sacks of lungs; lining of heart; blood…
In the air sacks in the lungs
Secretion and Absorption
Simple Squamous (function)
Allows passage of materials by diffusion and filtration where…
Simple Squamous (location)
kidney glomeruli; air sacks of lungs; lining of heart; blood…
67 terms
Human Anatomy test: Cells
differentiated cells definition
3 major parts of cell
selectively permeable
plasma membrane
different types of cells in your body
nucleus, cytoplasm and cell membrane
regulates entry and exit of substances
flexible but sturdy barrier; surround cytoplasm of cell... fluid…
differentiated cells definition
different types of cells in your body
3 major parts of cell
nucleus, cytoplasm and cell membrane
60 terms
Human Anatomy Cell/Tissue
PLASMA MEMBRANE
CYTOPLASM
CYTOSOL
NUCLEUS
-contains receptors for communication... -forms intercellular co…
-stores nutrients ... -dissolves solutes... -place of many metaboli…
-provides support for organelles... -serves as viscous medium wh…
-acts as cell control center... -controls all genetic info (DNA)…
PLASMA MEMBRANE
-contains receptors for communication... -forms intercellular co…
CYTOPLASM
-stores nutrients ... -dissolves solutes... -place of many metaboli…
37 terms
Human Anatomy: Cells
Cell Function
3 Components of Cell
Organelles
Plasma Membrane
Cells are smallest living units in body... Functions:... -obtain nu…
-Plasma membrane: outer boundary... -Cytoplasm: contains most or…
-subunits of cells with specific functions
-defines the extent of the cell... -separates intracellular flui…
Cell Function
Cells are smallest living units in body... Functions:... -obtain nu…
3 Components of Cell
-Plasma membrane: outer boundary... -Cytoplasm: contains most or…
9 terms
Human Anatomy CH.2 Cells
Simple diffusion
Osmosis
Facilitated Diffusion
Active transport
- Small, uncharged molecules, pass through lipid bilayer of t…
Diffusion of water molecules across a membrane
Protein that expands the plasma membrane enabling passage of…
Proteins move molecules across membrane against their concent…
Simple diffusion
- Small, uncharged molecules, pass through lipid bilayer of t…
Osmosis
Diffusion of water molecules across a membrane
Human Anatomy Cell/Tissue
PLASMA MEMBRANE
CYTOPLASM
CYTOSOL
NUCLEUS
-contains receptors for communication... -forms intercellular co…
-stores nutrients ... -dissolves solutes... -place of many metaboli…
-provides support for organelles... -serves as viscous medium wh…
-acts as cell control center... -controls all genetic info (DNA)…
PLASMA MEMBRANE
-contains receptors for communication... -forms intercellular co…
CYTOPLASM
-stores nutrients ... -dissolves solutes... -place of many metaboli…
37 terms
Human Anatomy- the cell
extracellular fluid
Plasma membrane
Phospholipid bilayer
phosphate groups
watery medium (aqueous) surrounding cells
phospholipid bilayer; selectively permeable
composed of phosphate groups, lipids, proteins, and cholesterol
hydrophilic (b/c chemically polar); ... oriented outward (to exp…
extracellular fluid
watery medium (aqueous) surrounding cells
Plasma membrane
phospholipid bilayer; selectively permeable
36 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 2: The cells
What is a cell, its basic activites an…
How many chromosomes in a diploid huma…
Which cells are haploid?
Name the current model for the plasma…
the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, t…
Diploid: 46 Haploid: 23
Gametes: They are the daughter cells of Diploid cells. They o…
The Fluid Mosaic Model. the plasma membrane of animal cells.…
What is a cell, its basic activites an…
the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, t…
How many chromosomes in a diploid huma…
Diploid: 46 Haploid: 23
19 terms
Cell Labeling - Human Anatomy
flagellum
nucleus
nuclear envelope
Nucleolus
(G in the picture) a slender threadlike structure the cell to…
(the center thingy in the picture) made up of protons and neu…
(the thing surrounding the nucleus) double lipid bilayer that…
(the small circle inside the nuclear envelope) small dense ci…
flagellum
(G in the picture) a slender threadlike structure the cell to…
nucleus
(the center thingy in the picture) made up of protons and neu…
66 terms
Human Anatomy Cell/Tissue
Cell
PLASMA MEMBRANE
CYTOPLASM
CYTOSOL
Cells are the smallest unit of life. They are the
-contains receptors for communication... -forms intercellular co…
-stores nutrients ... -dissolves solutes... -place of many metaboli…
-provides support for organelles... -serves as viscous medium wh…
Cell
Cells are the smallest unit of life. They are the
PLASMA MEMBRANE
-contains receptors for communication... -forms intercellular co…
53 terms
Vocabulary for Chapter 2 - The Cell - Human Anatomy (Huxley)
cell theory
extracellular fluid
cell membrane OR plasmalemma
selective permeability
all living things are made of cells, which are made by the di…
thin later of fluid around each cell
outer boundary of a cell that is a phospho-lipid bilayer memb…
allowing some items to move through and other to be prevented…
cell theory
all living things are made of cells, which are made by the di…
extracellular fluid
thin later of fluid around each cell
37 terms
Human Anatomy - The cell
extracellular fluid
Plasma membrane
Phospholipid bilayer
phosphate groups
watery medium (aqueous) surrounding cells
phospholipid bilayer; selectively permeable
composed of phosphate groups, lipids, proteins, and cholesterol
hydrophilic (b/c chemically polar); ... oriented outward (to exp…
extracellular fluid
watery medium (aqueous) surrounding cells
Plasma membrane
phospholipid bilayer; selectively permeable
11 terms
Human cell (anatomy)
Mitochondria
Microfilaments
Lysosomes
Peroxisome
power house and energy
Helps the movement of cells
clean and digest
digest toxic material
Mitochondria
power house and energy
Microfilaments
Helps the movement of cells
32 terms
Human Anatomy Cell Cycle
G1 phase
S phase
G2 phase
Prophase
Cellular contents, excluding the chromosomes are duplicated
Each of the 46 Chromosomes are duplicated by the cell
The cell "double checks" the duplicated chromosomes for error…
Chromosomes shorten, thicken, and become visible, Chromatids…
G1 phase
Cellular contents, excluding the chromosomes are duplicated
S phase
Each of the 46 Chromosomes are duplicated by the cell
43 terms
Human Anatomy: Cells & Tisses
cells
tissues
cell basics:
cell diversity
basic unit of structure & function for all living things; car…
groups of cells that are similar in structure & function & wo…
- living cells are about 60% water... - cells are constantly bat…
- different types of cells are built differently to make them…
cells
basic unit of structure & function for all living things; car…
tissues
groups of cells that are similar in structure & function & wo…
61 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology: Cells
Cytosol
Inclusions
Organelles
Mitochondria
Cellular fluid - material between plasma membrane & nucleus
Chemical Substances (stored nutrients) - glycogen in live and…
Metabolic machinerys of cell
Power plant, ATP supply/ outer & inner membrane (cristae), ma…
Cytosol
Cellular fluid - material between plasma membrane & nucleus
Inclusions
Chemical Substances (stored nutrients) - glycogen in live and…
35 terms
Human Anatomy - Cell Transport
Terat
oma
Teratoma
Erythrocytes
greek/latin root meaning "monster"
greek/latin root meaning "tumor"
kind of tumor with tissue or organ components resembling norm…
cell type that moves oxygen throughout the body and picks up…
Terat
greek/latin root meaning "monster"
oma
greek/latin root meaning "tumor"
44 terms
Human Anatomy: Cells
cells
Robert Hooke
three major components of a cell
cell membrane
tiny parts that make up living organisms.... basic unit of struc…
named the cell
cell (plasma) membrane... cytoplasm... nucleus
surrounds a cell... separates cell from external environment & o…
cells
tiny parts that make up living organisms.... basic unit of struc…
Robert Hooke
named the cell
18 terms
Human Anatomy- The Cell
Cell
Nucleus, Cytoplasm, and Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Cell Reproduction
Structural and functional unit of all living things.... Comes in…
Three major regions of the cell.
Control Center "brain cell" necessary for cell reproduction c…
Contains DNA or Genes
Cell
Structural and functional unit of all living things.... Comes in…
Nucleus, Cytoplasm, and Cell Membrane
Three major regions of the cell.
36 terms
Human Anatomy-Cells
cell membrane/plasma membrane
lysosomes
mitochondria
mictovilli
LOCATION:external boundary of the cell... FUNCTION: serves as ex…
LOCATION: sacs in cytoplasm... FUNCTION:break down large food pa…
LOCATION: rod like structure in cytoplasm... FUNCTION: site of A…
LOCATION: projections of plasma membrane... FUNCTION: increase t…
cell membrane/plasma membrane
LOCATION:external boundary of the cell... FUNCTION: serves as ex…
lysosomes
LOCATION: sacs in cytoplasm... FUNCTION:break down large food pa…
19 terms
Human Anatomy Cell Structures
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Ribosomes
Controls what goes in and out of the cell
Houses gel-like fluids to support cell organelles
Directs all cell activities
Produces proteins
Cell membrane
Controls what goes in and out of the cell
Cytoplasm
Houses gel-like fluids to support cell organelles
12 terms
Human Anatomy: Cell
Inorganic Compounds
Protein
Carbohydrates
Lipids
- Water ( 75% of cell mass)... - Electrolytes ( acids, bases, sa…
- Composed of amino acids... - Structure and function of each pr…
Sugars
Fats
Inorganic Compounds
- Water ( 75% of cell mass)... - Electrolytes ( acids, bases, sa…
Protein
- Composed of amino acids... - Structure and function of each pr…
33 terms
Human Anatomy THE CELL
What's the smallest living unit of a l…
what do all human cells have?
about cell membrane?
Passive transport vs Active transport
the cell
plasma membrane... cytoplasm... nucleus... organelles
structure is a phospholipid bilayer with proteins interested…
passive - does NOT require energy... active - DOES require energy
What's the smallest living unit of a l…
the cell
what do all human cells have?
plasma membrane... cytoplasm... nucleus... organelles
17 terms
Human Anatomy; Parts of Cell
Flagella
Cilia
Rough endoplasmic reticulum
Lysosomes
Moves the entire cell
Moves fluids over cells surface
Synthesizes glycoproteins and phospholipids that are transfer…
vesicles containing digestive enzymes
Flagella
Moves the entire cell
Cilia
Moves fluids over cells surface
101 terms
Human Anatomy: Cells and Tissues
simple
stratified
pseudostratified
Squamous
tissue with one layer of cells
tissue with multiple layers of cells
appears to be stratified or multilayered, but is only one layer
epithelial tissue cells that are flat or irregularly shaped.…
simple
tissue with one layer of cells
stratified
tissue with multiple layers of cells
15 terms
Human Anatomy Cell structure
Free Ribosomes
Lysosome
Cytosol
Rough endoplasmic reticulum
A small dense gradual response for protein synthesis; float f…
membrance sac formed by Golgi apparatus containing enzymes fo…
Viscous, syrup like fluid of the cytoplasm.
Flatten membranous sacs tubules continuous with the nuclear e…
Free Ribosomes
A small dense gradual response for protein synthesis; float f…
Lysosome
membrance sac formed by Golgi apparatus containing enzymes fo…
24 terms
Anatomy of the Human Cell
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Rough ER
Smooth ER
House genetic information
Makes rRNA
Attached to the nucleus, makes proteins that leave the cell
synthesis lipids
Nucleus
House genetic information
Nucleolus
Makes rRNA
29 terms
Human Anatomy Ch. 2-The Cell
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
What are the 4 stages of mitosis?
Prophase
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
Prophase ... Metaphase... Anaphase... Telophase
The first stage of mitosis, chromosomes become visible when s…
Cell Cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
9 terms
Human Anatomy- Inside Cell Functions
Diffusion
Osmosis
Facilitated Diffusion (Facilitated Tra…
Active membrane processes
movement of material from an area of high concentration to…
movement of a solvent (usually water) across a semi-permeab…
passive transport; helps
mediated processes of moving molecules and other substances a…
Diffusion
movement of material from an area of high concentration to…
Osmosis
movement of a solvent (usually water) across a semi-permeab…
35 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology- Cells
The Cell theory tells us
The two major types of cells living in…
Prokaryotes
eukaryotes
The cell is the basic unit of life... All living things are made…
Prokaryotic, and Eukaryotic
First cell to evolve... LACKS A NUCLEUS... REPRESENTED BY BACTERIA…
Has a nucleus w/ DNA... Many membrane-ound organelles
The Cell theory tells us
The cell is the basic unit of life... All living things are made…
The two major types of cells living in…
Prokaryotic, and Eukaryotic
75 terms
human anatomy and physiology: the cell
cell
Anton Leeuwenhook
Robert hooke
cell theory
the basic unit of structure and life
known for making the microscope ... first to observe unicellular…
named the 'cell'
a cell is the basic unit of structure and life ... all cells com…
cell
the basic unit of structure and life
Anton Leeuwenhook
known for making the microscope ... first to observe unicellular…
17 terms
Human Anatomy Cell Division
mitosis
cell division
cleavage furrow
chromosome
process during which the chromosomes are redistributed to two…
one of two major periods in the cell life cycle; involves the…
a slight indentation in the plasma membrane midway between th…
bar-like bodies of tightly coiled chromatin; visible during c…
mitosis
process during which the chromosomes are redistributed to two…
cell division
one of two major periods in the cell life cycle; involves the…
14 terms
Human Anatomy Cell Parts
Plasma Membrane
Ribosomes
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
boundary of the cell, serve as markers that identify cells
"protein factories", makes enzymes and proteins
receives and transports proteins from ribosomes
makes new membranes (lipids and carbohydrates)
Plasma Membrane
boundary of the cell, serve as markers that identify cells
Ribosomes
"protein factories", makes enzymes and proteins
101 terms
Human anatomy cell unit
Basic cell structure
Characteristics of Cytosol
Functions of Cytosol
What is cell membrane
Plasma membrane ... Cytosol ... Organelles ... Nucleus
Semi fluid material ... 75-95% water... Suspends other elements... Con…
Location of chemical reactions, synthesis of cellular substan…
Thin structure that Seperates the internal cell components fr…
Basic cell structure
Plasma membrane ... Cytosol ... Organelles ... Nucleus
Characteristics of Cytosol
Semi fluid material ... 75-95% water... Suspends other elements... Con…
24 terms
Human Anatomy Cell Review
Carrier Proteins
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
ER
Functions as receptors, selective channels and pores
The outer most part of the animal cell
The gel substance between the cell membrane and the nucleus t…
Network of interconnected membranes
Carrier Proteins
Functions as receptors, selective channels and pores
Cell Membrane
The outer most part of the animal cell
Human anatomy// cell structure
Plasma membrane
Lysosome
Mitochondria
Microvilli
confines cell content, revulates entry and exit of materials
cells cleaning; breaks down bad bacteria, damaged or worn out…
controls release of energy from food or, form ATP
increases the membrane surface area or the cell, absorbs nutr…
Plasma membrane
confines cell content, revulates entry and exit of materials
Lysosome
cells cleaning; breaks down bad bacteria, damaged or worn out…
20 terms
Human Anatomy, CH 2, Cell (picture flashcards)
A: Microvilli
B: Secretory Vesicles
C: Cytosol (aka cytoplasm)
D: Lysosome
Cell: What is A?
Cell: What is B?
Cell: What is C?
Cell: What is D?
A: Microvilli
Cell: What is A?
B: Secretory Vesicles
Cell: What is B?
11 terms
CEllS Human anatomy
Nucleus
Vacuoles and Vesicles
Lysosomes
Cytoskeleton
Function: Contains DNA- Both in Animal/Plant Cell
Store Materials- Animal and plant Cell
Break down and recycle macro-molecules
Mantains cell shape- helps cell move
Nucleus
Function: Contains DNA- Both in Animal/Plant Cell
Vacuoles and Vesicles
Store Materials- Animal and plant Cell
31 terms
human anatomy cells
higher concentration outside and cell…
organelles that breakdown and digest w…
what is function if cholesterol in pla…
rrna is produced here
hypotonic
lysosome
stability
nucleous
higher concentration outside and cell…
hypotonic
organelles that breakdown and digest w…
lysosome
61 terms
Human Anatomy Cell
Where chemical reactions take place in…
means cell drinking
a type of passive transport in which c…
is selectively permeable
cytoplasm
pinocytosis
diffusion
cell membrane
Where chemical reactions take place in…
cytoplasm
means cell drinking
pinocytosis
8 terms
human anatomy cell review
ribosome
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Golgi Apparatus
Mitochondria
structure: Spherical structures composed of protein and RNA.…
structure: Complex organelle composed of membrane-bound flatt…
Structure: a stack of a half a dozen or so flattened membrano…
structure: Elongated, fluid filled sacs.... Function: Releases e…
ribosome
structure: Spherical structures composed of protein and RNA.…
Endoplasmic Reticulum
structure: Complex organelle composed of membrane-bound flatt…
37 terms
Human Anatomy- the cell
extracellular fluid
Plasma membrane
Phospholipid bilayer
phosphate groups
watery medium (aqueous) surrounding cells
phospholipid bilayer; selectively permeable
composed of phosphate groups, lipids, proteins, and cholesterol
hydrophilic (b/c chemically polar); ... oriented outward (to exp…
extracellular fluid
watery medium (aqueous) surrounding cells
Plasma membrane
phospholipid bilayer; selectively permeable
18 terms
Anatomy: human cell
Microtubules
Mitochondrion
Centriole
Vesicle
eukaryotic cells to segregate their chromosomes during cell d…
Power house of cells
Separate chromosomes and pairs them during mitosis
Contains mostly water (regulates pressure and water of cell
Microtubules
eukaryotic cells to segregate their chromosomes during cell d…
Mitochondrion
Power house of cells
13 terms
human anatomy: cell division
prophase
anaphase
telophase
telophase
chromatin coils and condenses to form deeply staining bodies
centromeres break, and chromosomes begin migration toward opp…
the nuclear membrane and nucleoli reappear
when chromosomes cease their poleward movement, this phase be…
prophase
chromatin coils and condenses to form deeply staining bodies
anaphase
centromeres break, and chromosomes begin migration toward opp…
8 terms
Human Anatomy Cell Transport
Osmosis
Diffusion
Hypertonic
Hypotonic
Diffusion of water molecules only through a membrane
Movement of substances from an area of higher concentration t…
Higher concentration of solutes outside the cell than inside…
Lower concentration of solutes outside the cell than inside t…
Osmosis
Diffusion of water molecules only through a membrane
Diffusion
Movement of substances from an area of higher concentration t…
14 terms
Anatomy of Human Cell
Plasma membrane
Mitochondria
Ribosomes
Rough endoplasmic reticulum
Composed of phospholipids and globular proteins, this structu…
"Power house of the cell" Produces cellular engird (ATP).
Site of protein synthesis.
Storage site and transportation of proteins made by ribosomes.
Plasma membrane
Composed of phospholipids and globular proteins, this structu…
Mitochondria
"Power house of the cell" Produces cellular engird (ATP).
14 terms
human anatomy cells
tight junctions
desmosomes
gap junctions
hydrophilic
impermeable junctions that bind cells together into leakproof…
anchoring junctions, prevent cells subjected to mechanical st…
commonly seen in heart and embryonic cells function mainly to…
water absorbent
tight junctions
impermeable junctions that bind cells together into leakproof…
desmosomes
anchoring junctions, prevent cells subjected to mechanical st…
99 terms
Human Anatomy Cell
endocrine signaling
paracrine signaling
autocrine signaling
juxtacrine signaling
hormones are carried in the blood stream to target cells thro…
chemical signals act on local cells close to the source of th…
signals bind to receptors on the same cell type as the cell w…
the signaling molecule remains attached to the signaling cell…
endocrine signaling
hormones are carried in the blood stream to target cells thro…
paracrine signaling
chemical signals act on local cells close to the source of th…
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