Study sets matching "human anatomy cells"

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Study sets matching "human anatomy cells"

23 terms
Human Anatomy- The Cell Anatomy
Anatomy of a cell
Plasma Lemma
Cytoskeleton
Cytoplasm
cell membrane, lipid bilayer, surrounds the cell, outermost p…
elaborate internal network of protein rods spanning through t…
anything inside the cell including: organelles, membranes, etc.
Anatomy of a cell
Plasma Lemma
cell membrane, lipid bilayer, surrounds the cell, outermost p…
23 terms
Human Anatomy- The Cell Anatomy
Anatomy of a cell
Plasma Lemma
Cytoskeleton
Cytoplasm
cell membrane, lipid bilayer, surrounds the cell, outermost p…
elaborate internal network of protein rods spanning through t…
anything inside the cell including: organelles, membranes, etc.
Anatomy of a cell
Plasma Lemma
cell membrane, lipid bilayer, surrounds the cell, outermost p…
65 terms
Human Anatomy Cell/Tissue
PLASMA MEMBRANE
CYTOPLASM
CYTOSOL
NUCLEUS
-contains receptors for communication... -forms intercellular co…
-stores nutrients ... -dissolves solutes... -place of many metaboli…
-provides support for organelles... -serves as viscous medium wh…
-acts as cell control center... -controls all genetic info (DNA)…
PLASMA MEMBRANE
-contains receptors for communication... -forms intercellular co…
CYTOPLASM
-stores nutrients ... -dissolves solutes... -place of many metaboli…
25 terms
Anatomy of a Human Cell
Plasma Membrane
Cytoskeleton
Microtubules
Intermediate Filaments
Outer Surface; that regulates entrance and exit of molecules…
Maintains cell shape and assists movement of cell parts
Cylinders of protein molecules present in cytoplasm, centriol…
Protein fibers that provide support and strength
Plasma Membrane
Outer Surface; that regulates entrance and exit of molecules…
Cytoskeleton
Maintains cell shape and assists movement of cell parts
Human Anatomy test: Cells
differentiated cells definition
3 major parts of cell
selectively permeable
plasma membrane
different types of cells in your body
nucleus, cytoplasm and cell membrane
regulates entry and exit of substances
flexible but sturdy barrier; surround cytoplasm of cell... fluid…
differentiated cells definition
different types of cells in your body
3 major parts of cell
nucleus, cytoplasm and cell membrane
Human Anatomy- the cell
extracellular fluid
Plasma membrane
Phospholipid bilayer
phosphate groups
watery medium (aqueous) surrounding cells
phospholipid bilayer; selectively permeable
composed of phosphate groups, lipids, proteins, and cholesterol
hydrophilic (b/c chemically polar); ... oriented outward (to exp…
extracellular fluid
watery medium (aqueous) surrounding cells
Plasma membrane
phospholipid bilayer; selectively permeable
23 terms
Human Anatomy Cell Parts
Simple Squamous (function)
Simple Squamous (location)
Simple Squamous (picture)
Simple Cuboidal (function)
Allows passage of materials by diffusion and filtration where…
kidney glomeruli; air sacks of lungs; lining of heart; blood…
In the air sacks in the lungs
Secretion and Absorption
Simple Squamous (function)
Allows passage of materials by diffusion and filtration where…
Simple Squamous (location)
kidney glomeruli; air sacks of lungs; lining of heart; blood…
5 terms
Human Anatomy- Cell Mitosis
Stages of Mitosis (PMAT)
Prophase (1/4)
Metaphase (2/4)
Anaphase (3/4)
Please Make A Taco; Prophase Anaphase Metaphase Telophase
chromatin threads coil and condense, nucleoli disappear, mito…
centromeres precisely align at the equator (exact center) of…
chromatid pairs separate, shortest stage; looks like its pull…
Stages of Mitosis (PMAT)
Please Make A Taco; Prophase Anaphase Metaphase Telophase
Prophase (1/4)
chromatin threads coil and condense, nucleoli disappear, mito…
37 terms
Human Anatomy: Cells
Cell Function
3 Components of Cell
Organelles
Plasma Membrane
Cells are smallest living units in body... Functions:... -obtain nu…
-Plasma membrane: outer boundary... -Cytoplasm: contains most or…
-subunits of cells with specific functions
-defines the extent of the cell... -separates intracellular flui…
Cell Function
Cells are smallest living units in body... Functions:... -obtain nu…
3 Components of Cell
-Plasma membrane: outer boundary... -Cytoplasm: contains most or…
60 terms
Human Anatomy Cell/Tissue
PLASMA MEMBRANE
CYTOPLASM
CYTOSOL
NUCLEUS
-contains receptors for communication... -forms intercellular co…
-stores nutrients ... -dissolves solutes... -place of many metaboli…
-provides support for organelles... -serves as viscous medium wh…
-acts as cell control center... -controls all genetic info (DNA)…
PLASMA MEMBRANE
-contains receptors for communication... -forms intercellular co…
CYTOPLASM
-stores nutrients ... -dissolves solutes... -place of many metaboli…
Human Anatomy Cell/Tissue
PLASMA MEMBRANE
CYTOPLASM
CYTOSOL
NUCLEUS
-contains receptors for communication... -forms intercellular co…
-stores nutrients ... -dissolves solutes... -place of many metaboli…
-provides support for organelles... -serves as viscous medium wh…
-acts as cell control center... -controls all genetic info (DNA)…
PLASMA MEMBRANE
-contains receptors for communication... -forms intercellular co…
CYTOPLASM
-stores nutrients ... -dissolves solutes... -place of many metaboli…
24 terms
Human Anatomy Cell Vocabulary
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall (Animals lack)
Cytoplasm
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Protection,allows transportation... Ex: City border
Support and protection... Ex: City wall
Holds all internal structures... Ex: Lawns
Ships cellular products... Ex: Highway or road system
Cell Membrane
Protection,allows transportation... Ex: City border
Cell Wall (Animals lack)
Support and protection... Ex: City wall
36 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 2: The cells
What is a cell, its basic activites an…
How many chromosomes in a diploid huma…
Which cells are haploid?
Name the current model for the plasma…
the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, t…
Diploid: 46 Haploid: 23
Gametes: They are the daughter cells of Diploid cells. They o…
The Fluid Mosaic Model. the plasma membrane of animal cells.…
What is a cell, its basic activites an…
the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, t…
How many chromosomes in a diploid huma…
Diploid: 46 Haploid: 23
22 terms
Human Anatomy Cell Functions
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Nucleolus
encloses the cell
houses genetic material and controls cellular activities
contents of a cell including the gel-like cytosol and organel…
small, dense body composed largely of RNA and protein
Cell Membrane
encloses the cell
Nucleus
houses genetic material and controls cellular activities
32 terms
Human Anatomy Cell Cycle
G1 phase
S phase
G2 phase
Prophase
Cellular contents, excluding the chromosomes are duplicated
Each of the 46 Chromosomes are duplicated by the cell
The cell "double checks" the duplicated chromosomes for error…
Chromosomes shorten, thicken, and become visible, Chromatids…
G1 phase
Cellular contents, excluding the chromosomes are duplicated
S phase
Each of the 46 Chromosomes are duplicated by the cell
Human Anatomy - Cell Transport
Terat
oma
Teratoma
Erythrocytes
greek/latin root meaning "monster"
greek/latin root meaning "tumor"
kind of tumor with tissue or organ components resembling norm…
cell type that moves oxygen throughout the body and picks up…
Terat
greek/latin root meaning "monster"
oma
greek/latin root meaning "tumor"
44 terms
Human Anatomy: Cells
cells
Robert Hooke
three major components of a cell
cell membrane
tiny parts that make up living organisms.... basic unit of struc…
named the cell
cell (plasma) membrane... cytoplasm... nucleus
surrounds a cell... separates cell from external environment & o…
cells
tiny parts that make up living organisms.... basic unit of struc…
Robert Hooke
named the cell
Human Anatomy Cell/Tissue
Cell
PLASMA MEMBRANE
CYTOPLASM
CYTOSOL
Cells are the smallest unit of life. They are the
-contains receptors for communication... -forms intercellular co…
-stores nutrients ... -dissolves solutes... -place of many metaboli…
-provides support for organelles... -serves as viscous medium wh…
Cell
Cells are the smallest unit of life. They are the
PLASMA MEMBRANE
-contains receptors for communication... -forms intercellular co…
37 terms
Human Anatomy - The cell
extracellular fluid
Plasma membrane
Phospholipid bilayer
phosphate groups
watery medium (aqueous) surrounding cells
phospholipid bilayer; selectively permeable
composed of phosphate groups, lipids, proteins, and cholesterol
hydrophilic (b/c chemically polar); ... oriented outward (to exp…
extracellular fluid
watery medium (aqueous) surrounding cells
Plasma membrane
phospholipid bilayer; selectively permeable
61 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology: Cells
Cytosol
Inclusions
Organelles
Mitochondria
Cellular fluid - material between plasma membrane & nucleus
Chemical Substances (stored nutrients) - glycogen in live and…
Metabolic machinerys of cell
Power plant, ATP supply/ outer & inner membrane (cristae), ma…
Cytosol
Cellular fluid - material between plasma membrane & nucleus
Inclusions
Chemical Substances (stored nutrients) - glycogen in live and…
43 terms
Human Anatomy: Cells & Tisses
cells
tissues
cell basics:
cell diversity
basic unit of structure & function for all living things; car…
groups of cells that are similar in structure & function & wo…
- living cells are about 60% water... - cells are constantly bat…
- different types of cells are built differently to make them…
cells
basic unit of structure & function for all living things; car…
tissues
groups of cells that are similar in structure & function & wo…
Human Anatomy-Cells
cell membrane/plasma membrane
lysosomes
mitochondria
mictovilli
LOCATION:external boundary of the cell... FUNCTION: serves as ex…
LOCATION: sacs in cytoplasm... FUNCTION:break down large food pa…
LOCATION: rod like structure in cytoplasm... FUNCTION: site of A…
LOCATION: projections of plasma membrane... FUNCTION: increase t…
cell membrane/plasma membrane
LOCATION:external boundary of the cell... FUNCTION: serves as ex…
lysosomes
LOCATION: sacs in cytoplasm... FUNCTION:break down large food pa…
53 terms
Vocabulary for Chapter 2 - The Cell - Human Anatomy (Huxley)
cell theory
extracellular fluid
cell membrane OR plasmalemma
selective permeability
all living things are made of cells, which are made by the di…
thin later of fluid around each cell
outer boundary of a cell that is a phospho-lipid bilayer memb…
allowing some items to move through and other to be prevented…
cell theory
all living things are made of cells, which are made by the di…
extracellular fluid
thin later of fluid around each cell
19 terms
Cell Labeling - Human Anatomy
flagellum
nucleus
nuclear envelope
Nucleolus
(G in the picture) a slender threadlike structure the cell to…
(the center thingy in the picture) made up of protons and neu…
(the thing surrounding the nucleus) double lipid bilayer that…
(the small circle inside the nuclear envelope) small dense ci…
flagellum
(G in the picture) a slender threadlike structure the cell to…
nucleus
(the center thingy in the picture) made up of protons and neu…
Human Anatomy Cell Structures
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Ribosomes
Controls what goes in and out of the cell
Houses gel-like fluids to support cell organelles
Directs all cell activities
Produces proteins
Cell membrane
Controls what goes in and out of the cell
Cytoplasm
Houses gel-like fluids to support cell organelles
Human cell (anatomy)
Mitochondria
Microfilaments
Lysosomes
Peroxisome
power house and energy
Helps the movement of cells
clean and digest
digest toxic material
Mitochondria
power house and energy
Microfilaments
Helps the movement of cells
12 terms
Human Anatomy: Cell
Inorganic Compounds
Protein
Carbohydrates
Lipids
- Water ( 75% of cell mass)... - Electrolytes ( acids, bases, sa…
- Composed of amino acids... - Structure and function of each pr…
Sugars
Fats
Inorganic Compounds
- Water ( 75% of cell mass)... - Electrolytes ( acids, bases, sa…
Protein
- Composed of amino acids... - Structure and function of each pr…
18 terms
Human Anatomy- The Cell
Cell
Nucleus, Cytoplasm, and Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Cell Reproduction
Structural and functional unit of all living things.... Comes in…
Three major regions of the cell.
Control Center "brain cell" necessary for cell reproduction c…
Contains DNA or Genes
Cell
Structural and functional unit of all living things.... Comes in…
Nucleus, Cytoplasm, and Cell Membrane
Three major regions of the cell.
17 terms
Human Anatomy; Parts of Cell
Flagella
Cilia
Rough endoplasmic reticulum
Lysosomes
Moves the entire cell
Moves fluids over cells surface
Synthesizes glycoproteins and phospholipids that are transfer…
vesicles containing digestive enzymes
Flagella
Moves the entire cell
Cilia
Moves fluids over cells surface
101 terms
Human Anatomy: Cells and Tissues
simple
stratified
pseudostratified
Squamous
tissue with one layer of cells
tissue with multiple layers of cells
appears to be stratified or multilayered, but is only one layer
epithelial tissue cells that are flat or irregularly shaped.…
simple
tissue with one layer of cells
stratified
tissue with multiple layers of cells
15 terms
Human Anatomy Cell structure
Free Ribosomes
Lysosome
Cytosol
Rough endoplasmic reticulum
A small dense gradual response for protein synthesis; float f…
membrance sac formed by Golgi apparatus containing enzymes fo…
Viscous, syrup like fluid of the cytoplasm.
Flatten membranous sacs tubules continuous with the nuclear e…
Free Ribosomes
A small dense gradual response for protein synthesis; float f…
Lysosome
membrance sac formed by Golgi apparatus containing enzymes fo…
Human anatomy final Cells
Cell membrane
Lipids
Proteins
Carbohydrates
Foundry a cell regulates movement selectively permeable
Form cell membrane
Determines the health and function
Supply energy
Cell membrane
Foundry a cell regulates movement selectively permeable
Lipids
Form cell membrane
35 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology- Cells
The Cell theory tells us
The two major types of cells living in…
Prokaryotes
eukaryotes
The cell is the basic unit of life... All living things are made…
Prokaryotic, and Eukaryotic
First cell to evolve... LACKS A NUCLEUS... REPRESENTED BY BACTERIA…
Has a nucleus w/ DNA... Many membrane-ound organelles
The Cell theory tells us
The cell is the basic unit of life... All living things are made…
The two major types of cells living in…
Prokaryotic, and Eukaryotic
Human Anatomy & Physiology: Cells Review
Another name for a composite cell:
Major parts of the composite cell:
Plasma Membrane's Function:
Phospholipid bilayer: what forms the s…
a 'typical' cell
nucleus, cytoplasm, cell membrane
controls what moves in and out of the cell (selectively perme…
water-soluble "heads" (hydrophilic)
Another name for a composite cell:
a 'typical' cell
Major parts of the composite cell:
nucleus, cytoplasm, cell membrane
75 terms
human anatomy and physiology: the cell
cell
Anton Leeuwenhook
Robert hooke
cell theory
the basic unit of structure and life
known for making the microscope ... first to observe unicellular…
named the 'cell'
a cell is the basic unit of structure and life ... all cells com…
cell
the basic unit of structure and life
Anton Leeuwenhook
known for making the microscope ... first to observe unicellular…
9 terms
Human Anatomy- Inside Cell Functions
Diffusion
Osmosis
Facilitated Diffusion (Facilitated Tra…
Active membrane processes
movement of material from an area of high concentration to…
movement of a solvent (usually water) across a semi-permeab…
passive transport; helps
mediated processes of moving molecules and other substances a…
Diffusion
movement of material from an area of high concentration to…
Osmosis
movement of a solvent (usually water) across a semi-permeab…
29 terms
Human Anatomy Ch. 2-The Cell
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
What are the 4 stages of mitosis?
Prophase
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
Prophase ... Metaphase... Anaphase... Telophase
The first stage of mitosis, chromosomes become visible when s…
Cell Cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
20 terms
Human Anatomy, CH 2, Cell (picture flashcards)
A: Microvilli
B: Secretory Vesicles
C: Cytosol (aka cytoplasm)
D: Lysosome
Cell: What is A?
Cell: What is B?
Cell: What is C?
Cell: What is D?
A: Microvilli
Cell: What is A?
B: Secretory Vesicles
Cell: What is B?
Human Anatomy Chapter 2: The Cell
Cell
Cytology
Cell Physiology
What is viability?
basic, living, structural and functional unit of the body
the study of cellular structure
the study of cellular function
life
Cell
basic, living, structural and functional unit of the body
Cytology
the study of cellular structure
Human Anatomy Cell Transport
Osmosis
Diffusion
Hypertonic
Hypotonic
Diffusion of water molecules only through a membrane
Movement of substances from an area of higher concentration t…
Higher concentration of solutes outside the cell than inside…
Lower concentration of solutes outside the cell than inside t…
Osmosis
Diffusion of water molecules only through a membrane
Diffusion
Movement of substances from an area of higher concentration t…
Human Anatomy - The Cell Vocab
vacuole
ribosome
flagellum
microvilli
a relatively small, membrane-bound sac that plays a role in i…
manufactures all proteins that are secreted from cells
a single projection that provides the cell with propulsion
slender projections or folds that increase the surface area o…
vacuole
a relatively small, membrane-bound sac that plays a role in i…
ribosome
manufactures all proteins that are secreted from cells
Human Anatomy Cell Structure
Mitochondria
Golgi Apparatus
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
An organelle responsible for cellular respiration and creatin…
Receives protein from the rough endoplasmic reticulum, packag…
Makes proteins that are sent to golgi complex for shipment. H…
Makes lipids, phospholipids, and steroids. Metabolize carbohy…
Mitochondria
An organelle responsible for cellular respiration and creatin…
Golgi Apparatus
Receives protein from the rough endoplasmic reticulum, packag…
27 terms
human anatomy cell function
nucleus
nuclear envelope
nucleolus
chromatin
control center that contains genetic material and DNA
outer boundary of nucleolus that is a double membrane and is…
helps build ribosomes inside the nucleus
long and thin DNA
nucleus
control center that contains genetic material and DNA
nuclear envelope
outer boundary of nucleolus that is a double membrane and is…
41 terms
Human anatomy: The cell
Nuclear envelope
Nuclear pores
Nucleolus
Genes
a double membrane that separates the nucleus from the cytoplasm
numerous openings in the nuclear envelope , control movement…
spherical dark bodies within the nucleus (no membrane)(produc…
are the cells hereditary units , control activities and struc…
Nuclear envelope
a double membrane that separates the nucleus from the cytoplasm
Nuclear pores
numerous openings in the nuclear envelope , control movement…
14 terms
Human Anatomy Cell Parts
Plasma Membrane
Ribosomes
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
boundary of the cell, serve as markers that identify cells
"protein factories", makes enzymes and proteins
receives and transports proteins from ribosomes
makes new membranes (lipids and carbohydrates)
Plasma Membrane
boundary of the cell, serve as markers that identify cells
Ribosomes
"protein factories", makes enzymes and proteins
24 terms
Human Anatomy Cell Review
Carrier Proteins
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
ER
Functions as receptors, selective channels and pores
The outer most part of the animal cell
The gel substance between the cell membrane and the nucleus t…
Network of interconnected membranes
Carrier Proteins
Functions as receptors, selective channels and pores
Cell Membrane
The outer most part of the animal cell
Human Anatomy - Cells
Rough ER and cytoplasm
Organelles, inclusions and cytosol
Ribosome synthesis
Cholesterol and fat synthesis
Location of Ribosomes
Major components of cytoplasm
Nucleolus
Smooth ER
Rough ER and cytoplasm
Location of Ribosomes
Organelles, inclusions and cytosol
Major components of cytoplasm
human anatomy cells
plasma membrane
lysosomes
mitochondria
microvilli
external boundary of the cell; serves as a barrier, regulayes…
sacs in cytoplasm; contain enzymes to digest cell wastes (are…
rod-like structures in cytoplasm; site of ATP synthesis, powe…
projections of plasma membrane; increase surface area of the…
plasma membrane
external boundary of the cell; serves as a barrier, regulayes…
lysosomes
sacs in cytoplasm; contain enzymes to digest cell wastes (are…
human phys cell anatomy
microvilli
cell membrane
cytosol
centrioles
extensive folding of the cell membrane; increase surface area…
bilayer of phospholipid molecules with inserted proteins; act…
semi-gelatinous substance; contains dissolved nutrients, ions…
bundles of microtubules; direct movement of DNA during cell d…
microvilli
extensive folding of the cell membrane; increase surface area…
cell membrane
bilayer of phospholipid molecules with inserted proteins; act…
19 terms
Human Anatomy -Cells
Nucleus
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleolus
In an atom, central core that contains protons and neutrons.…
Thin outer boundary of a cell that regulates the traffic of c…
Region of a cell between the nucleus and the plasma membrane
Ball-like mass of fibers and granules in a cells nucleus
Nucleus
In an atom, central core that contains protons and neutrons.…
Plasma membrane
Thin outer boundary of a cell that regulates the traffic of c…
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