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Study sets matching "human anatomy"

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Study sets matching "human anatomy"

52 terms
Human Anatomy - Cartilage and Bone
functions of cartilage
interstitial growth
appositional growth
functions of bone
1. supporting soft tissues... 2. providing a gliding surface at…
growth from within the cartilage
growth along the cartilage's outside edge
1. support and protection... 2. movement... 3. hemopoiesis... 4. stora…
functions of cartilage
1. supporting soft tissues... 2. providing a gliding surface at…
interstitial growth
growth from within the cartilage
11 terms
Human Anatomy
Anatomy
Physiology
Homeostasis
Hierarchy
Physical Structure of an organism's parts.
The Functions of physical structure.
Maintains a stable internal environment.... "Form fits function".
Order of parts , simple to complex.
Anatomy
Physical Structure of an organism's parts.
Physiology
The Functions of physical structure.
15 terms
Human Anatomy
What is anatomy?
What are the subdivisions of anatomy?
What is cytology?
What is histology?
- study of internal and external body structures.... - relations…
1) Gross Anatomy - visible to the eye ex: bones... 2) Micro anat…
The study of internal structures of individual cells.
The study of tissues (groups of cells).
What is anatomy?
- study of internal and external body structures.... - relations…
What are the subdivisions of anatomy?
1) Gross Anatomy - visible to the eye ex: bones... 2) Micro anat…
492 terms
human anatomy
what are the two parts of the control…
what does the central nervous system i…
what does the peripheral nervous syste…
what is the function of the central ne…
nervous system(fastest), endocrine system(slow but causes lon…
brain and spinal cord
cranial nerves and spinal nerves
processes nerve impulses
what are the two parts of the control…
nervous system(fastest), endocrine system(slow but causes lon…
what does the central nervous system i…
brain and spinal cord
44 terms
human anatomy regional terms
calcaneal
sural
popliteal
perineum
heel
calf
back of knee
(gutch) between genitals and anus
calcaneal
heel
sural
calf
32 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
Histology
Epithelial tissue
Connective tissue
Muscle tissue
The study of tissues
covers body surfaces, forms boundaries between environments,…
supports, protects, and binds other tissues together
composed of cells or fibers, contracts to cause movement
Histology
The study of tissues
Epithelial tissue
covers body surfaces, forms boundaries between environments,…
74 terms
Human Anatomy- Muscle Test
Zygomaticus
Buccinator
Temporalis
Frontalis
Raises the corner of the mouth
Compresses the cheeks inward
Closes the jaw
Raises the eyebrows
Zygomaticus
Raises the corner of the mouth
Buccinator
Compresses the cheeks inward
232 terms
Human Anatomy
Skeletal System Function
Function of the Pelvic Girdle
Pelvis
What is the pelvic inlet and outlet?
Support... Storage of minerals and lipids... Protection... Blood Cell…
Withstand weight bearing and locomotion... Strength and stabili…
Angles Anteriorly
Pelvic inlet is the superior (upper) opening of the pelvis an…
Skeletal System Function
Support... Storage of minerals and lipids... Protection... Blood Cell…
Function of the Pelvic Girdle
Withstand weight bearing and locomotion... Strength and stabili…
27 terms
Human Anatomy
Lambdoidal Suture
Radius
Mandible
Ulna
Lambdoidal Suture
Radius
27 terms
Human Anatomy Terms and Questions
Anatomy
Physiology
Superior
Inferior
dealing with the structure of the human body
dealing with the functions of the organs of the human body
above the point in which is the reference... Example: my head is…
below the point in which is the reference... Example: my chest i…
Anatomy
dealing with the structure of the human body
Physiology
dealing with the functions of the organs of the human body
19 terms
Human Anatomy: Skeleton
Carpals
Clavicle
Cranium
Femur
the bones forming the wrists
the collarbone
the part of your head that is made of bone and covers your br…
the thigh bone
Carpals
the bones forming the wrists
Clavicle
the collarbone
17 terms
human anatomy
fissure
foramen
fossa
meatus
superior orbital fissure
foramen magnum
mandibular fossa
external auditory meatus (ear hole)
fissure
superior orbital fissure
foramen
foramen magnum
12 terms
Human Anatomy
Pectoralis Major
Deltoid
Biceps Brachii
Frontalis
Origin: Clavicle and sternum... Insertion: humerus... Action: flexe…
Origin: scapula... Insertion: radius... Action: flexion and aids in…
Pectoralis Major
Origin: Clavicle and sternum... Insertion: humerus... Action: flexe…
Deltoid
101 terms
Human Anatomy
Anatomy
Physiology
Cytology
Histology
Study of structure and parts
How the body works'
Study of cells (cardiac, skin, nerve)
Study of tissues
Anatomy
Study of structure and parts
Physiology
How the body works'
23 terms
Human Anatomy
Pectoral
Deloid
Rectus Adomius
Obliques
Traps, Lats, deltoid
Lats or Pecs
Erector Spine
Opposite Oblique
Pectoral
Traps, Lats, deltoid
Deloid
Lats or Pecs
45 terms
Human Anatomy
Anterior
Posterior
Superior
Inferior
Front of body - ventral
Back of body
Above
Below
Anterior
Front of body - ventral
Posterior
Back of body
182 terms
Human Anatomy
What is Anatomy?
Gross (term to classify anatomical str…
Microscopic (term to classify anatomic…
Systemic (term to classify anatomical…
the study of the form of the structures of the human body
Can be seen with the naked eye
Can be seen under a microscope
throughout the whole body (ex. endocrine system throughout bo…
What is Anatomy?
the study of the form of the structures of the human body
Gross (term to classify anatomical str…
Can be seen with the naked eye
66 terms
Human Anatomy - Joint Movements
Flexion
Lateral Flexion
Extension
Hyperextension
A movement that decreases the angle between articulating bones
Movement of the trunk to the left or the right along the fron…
A movement that increases the angle between articulating bone…
Continuation of extension beyond the anatomical position
Flexion
A movement that decreases the angle between articulating bones
Lateral Flexion
Movement of the trunk to the left or the right along the fron…
30 terms
Human Anatomy
order of organism
Organ systems
How many types of human body tissue ar…
Epithelial Tissue
organism- organ system( multiple organs working Together)- or…
Digestive... nervous... reproductive... respiratory... circulatory... skelet…
4... Epithelial, Connective tissue, Nervous, Muscles
Cover/protects organs ... made up of densely packed cells ... some…
order of organism
organism- organ system( multiple organs working Together)- or…
Organ systems
Digestive... nervous... reproductive... respiratory... circulatory... skelet…
400 terms
human anatomy
anatomy
microscopic anatomy
gross anatomy
surface anatomy
the study of structure/form/makeup ; greek word for cut apart…
examines structures that cannot be added by the human eye.
macroscpopic anatomy ; investigates the structure and relatio…
examines both superficial anatomic markings and internal body…
anatomy
the study of structure/form/makeup ; greek word for cut apart…
microscopic anatomy
examines structures that cannot be added by the human eye.
21 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology
Atria
Ventricles
Cardiovascular System
Pulmonary Circuit
Two of the upper cavities of the heart
Two of the lower cavities of the heart
Capillaries converge into venules, which in turn converge int…
Sends oxygen-poor blood to the lungs to pick up oxygen and un…
Atria
Two of the upper cavities of the heart
Ventricles
Two of the lower cavities of the heart
14 terms
Human Anatomy
Five Functions of the Skeletal Sysytem
Axial Skeleton (protection)
Appendicular Skeleton (movement)
What are the Connective Tissue
1. Movement... 2. Protection... 3. Blood cell production... 4. Shape/S…
Skull, Mandible, Sternum, Ribs, Vertebral Column, Sacrum
Clavicle, Scapula, Humerus, Ulna, Radius, Carpals, Metacarpal…
Cartilage... Ligament... Tendon
Five Functions of the Skeletal Sysytem
1. Movement... 2. Protection... 3. Blood cell production... 4. Shape/S…
Axial Skeleton (protection)
Skull, Mandible, Sternum, Ribs, Vertebral Column, Sacrum
65 terms
Human Anatomy Cell/Tissue
PLASMA MEMBRANE
CYTOPLASM
CYTOSOL
NUCLEUS
-contains receptors for communication... -forms intercellular co…
-stores nutrients ... -dissolves solutes... -place of many metaboli…
-provides support for organelles... -serves as viscous medium wh…
-acts as cell control center... -controls all genetic info (DNA)…
PLASMA MEMBRANE
-contains receptors for communication... -forms intercellular co…
CYTOPLASM
-stores nutrients ... -dissolves solutes... -place of many metaboli…
21 terms
Human Anatomy
Armpit
Thigh
Back of the Head
Eye Socket
Axillary
Femoral
Occipital
Orbital
Armpit
Axillary
Thigh
Femoral
10 terms
Human Anatomy Directional Terms
Superior
Inferior
Anterior (Ventral)
Posterior (Dorsal)
Toward the head end or upper part of a structure of the body;…
Away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
Toward or at the front of the body, in front of
Toward or at the backside of the body; behind
Superior
Toward the head end or upper part of a structure of the body;…
Inferior
Away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
73 terms
Human anatomy (skull)
Anterior fontanelle
Parietal bone
Lambdoid suture
Occipital bone
A
B
C
D
Anterior fontanelle
A
Parietal bone
B
67 terms
human anatomy
heart
lungs
vein
brain
sydän
keuhkot
laskimo
aivot
heart
sydän
lungs
keuhkot
54 terms
HUMAN ANATOMY
sisäelimet
haima
kohtu
maksa
inner organs
pancreas
uterus
liver
sisäelimet
inner organs
haima
pancreas
34 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Tissues
epithelial tissue
squamous
cuboidal
columnar
tissue: cells are avascular (closely packed together, little…
epithelium: flat
epithelium: cube-shaped
epithelium: greater in height than width
epithelial tissue
tissue: cells are avascular (closely packed together, little…
squamous
epithelium: flat
51 terms
Human Anatomy, Exam 1
What happens when a muscle contracts?
Where is the neuromuscular junction?
What does the motor neuron do?
Describe what happens between the dend…
Sliding Filament Theory:... when a muscle contracts, thick and t…
Between the end of a motor neuron and a muscle fiber
Transmits the impulse to the muscle fiber through the neuromu…
1) Dendrites collect the signals... 2) the Axon passes the signa…
What happens when a muscle contracts?
Sliding Filament Theory:... when a muscle contracts, thick and t…
Where is the neuromuscular junction?
Between the end of a motor neuron and a muscle fiber
23 terms
Human Anatomy Muscles
Frontalis
Orbicularis oculi
Orbicularis oris
Sternocleidomastoid
Frontalis
Orbicularis oculi
22 terms
Human anatomy
What are the 8 cranial bones?
What are the 14 facial bones?
sutures
coronal suture
frontal bone... sphenoid bone... parietal bones (2)... occipital bone…
zygomatic bones (2)... maxillae (2)... palatine bones (2)... lacrimal…
seam.. jagged lines
separates the frontal bones from the partial bones
What are the 8 cranial bones?
frontal bone... sphenoid bone... parietal bones (2)... occipital bone…
What are the 14 facial bones?
zygomatic bones (2)... maxillae (2)... palatine bones (2)... lacrimal…
25 terms
Human anatomy
Anatomy
Physiology
Movement
Responsiveness
Structure of body parts
Functiond of body parts; what they do and follow
Self initiated change in position, motion of internal parts
Ability to sense change *react
Anatomy
Structure of body parts
Physiology
Functiond of body parts; what they do and follow
22 terms
Human Anatomy
Regional Anatomy
Systemic Anatomy
Clinical Anatomy
Median Plane
To study regions of the body (head, abdomen, limbs)
To study organ systems
The structure and function in practice of medicine, dentistry…
Divides the body into left and right halves
Regional Anatomy
To study regions of the body (head, abdomen, limbs)
Systemic Anatomy
To study organ systems
188 terms
Human Anatomy - Relationships
The parotid duct passes _________ and…
The parotid gland is positioned ______…
The branches of the facial nerve pass…
The facial artery passes ______ to the…
lateral (superficial) and anterior
posterior and lateral (superficial)
lateral (superficial)
lateral (superficial)
The parotid duct passes _________ and…
lateral (superficial) and anterior
The parotid gland is positioned ______…
posterior and lateral (superficial)
22 terms
Human Anatomy: Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Tissue
Epithelial Tissue
Nervous Tissue
Muscular Tissue
Cells organized into layers or groups
Function: cover or line organs... Examples: skin, stomach, mouth…
Function: send and receive chemical messages... Examples: brain,…
Function: movement through muscle contraction... Examples: bicep…
Tissue
Cells organized into layers or groups
Epithelial Tissue
Function: cover or line organs... Examples: skin, stomach, mouth…
111 terms
Human Anatomy
Pectoralis minor
trace blood flow from the heart to the…
trace blood flow to the heart from the…
describe blood flow to from the lungs…
Deep to pec major... stabilizes upper limbs... attaches to 2-3 ribs…
ascending aorta--> arch of the aorta --> left subclavian arte…
4th intercostal muscles--> 4th right posterior intercostal ve…
alveolar capillaries in the lung --> pulmonary veins --> L. a…
Pectoralis minor
Deep to pec major... stabilizes upper limbs... attaches to 2-3 ribs…
trace blood flow from the heart to the…
ascending aorta--> arch of the aorta --> left subclavian arte…
220 terms
Chapter 10 Human Anatomy
Lamellae
Lacunae
Canalicuili
Central (Haversian) Canal
concentric rings of hard, extracellular calcified bone matrix
lake like spaces where in osteocytes lie; inside the lamellae
tiny canals connecting lamellae
contain blood vessels; one HC per osteon
Lamellae
concentric rings of hard, extracellular calcified bone matrix
Lacunae
lake like spaces where in osteocytes lie; inside the lamellae
60 terms
Bones: Human Anatomy
Frontal
Parietal
Occipital
Temporal
Frontal
Parietal
33 terms
Human Anatomy: Chapter 1 Vocabulary
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
Experimental Group
Control Group
the variable being manipulated, changed in an experiment; inf…
what we measure in an experiment; is influenced by the indepe…
this group is exposed to the independent variable
this group is not exposed to the independent variable
Independent Variable
the variable being manipulated, changed in an experiment; inf…
Dependent Variable
what we measure in an experiment; is influenced by the indepe…
149 terms
Human Anatomy - Digestive System
Parotid, Sublingual, and Submandibular…
Alimentary Canal and Accessory Organs
Tongue, Teeth, Salivary Glands, Liver,…
20% of alcohol, aspirin
What are the three salivary glands in the mouth?
What does the digestive system consist of?
What are the accessory organs of the digestive system?
What nutrients does the stomach acquire?
Parotid, Sublingual, and Submandibular…
What are the three salivary glands in the mouth?
Alimentary Canal and Accessory Organs
What does the digestive system consist of?
22 terms
Human Anatomy Digestive system anatomy -parts
Salivary glands
Esophagus
Stomach
Pyloric sphinctor
Salivary glands
Esophagus
74 terms
Human anatomy - skull
zygomatic bone
sphenoid bone
vomer bone
zygomatic arch
Form the prominence of the cheek and part of the lateral wall…
Complex Bat shaped bone, keystone bone - articulates with all…
thin trapezoidal bone of the skull forming the posterior and…
The processes on the temporal and zygomatic bones; determines…
zygomatic bone
Form the prominence of the cheek and part of the lateral wall…
sphenoid bone
Complex Bat shaped bone, keystone bone - articulates with all…
50 terms
Human Anatomy
What are the functions of epithelial t…
What is tissue?
Where does tissue fall in the hierarch…
What are the types of tissues?
Production, secretion, absorption, excretion, and sensory per…
A group of cells together acting to perform specific tasks fo…
Between cells and organs.levels of organization
Epithelial, muscular, nerve, and connective.
What are the functions of epithelial t…
Production, secretion, absorption, excretion, and sensory per…
What is tissue?
A group of cells together acting to perform specific tasks fo…
40 terms
Human Anatomy
stimulus
nervous system
endocrine system
neuron
something that causes a response , anything triggering a chan…
controls thoughts, movements; works quickly and controls imme…
helps to control growth, development, and responses to enviro…
specialized cell that stores info. and carries messages withi…
stimulus
something that causes a response , anything triggering a chan…
nervous system
controls thoughts, movements; works quickly and controls imme…
30 terms
Human Anatomy
Deltoid
External oblique
Infraspinatus
Latissimus dorsi
What muscle is this?
What muscle is this?
What muscle is this?
What muscle is this?
Deltoid
What muscle is this?
External oblique
What muscle is this?
43 terms
Human Anatomy
head
skulp
face
mouth
cephalic
cranial
facial
oral
head
cephalic
skulp
cranial
51 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 3
Stratified squamous epithelial tissue…
Epithelial Tissues
Epithelium
goosebumps
Epidermis of skin, oral cavity, anus, tongue, vagina are cove…
Covering and Lining Epithelium. Form a protective covering fo…
membranous tissue covering internal organs and other internal…
___________ is an involuntary contraction of our muscles. Whe…
Stratified squamous epithelial tissue…
Epidermis of skin, oral cavity, anus, tongue, vagina are cove…
Epithelial Tissues
Covering and Lining Epithelium. Form a protective covering fo…
69 terms
Human Anatomy- bones
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone (side)
Parietal Bone (back)
Parietal Bone (top)
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone (side)
72 terms
Human Anatomy
skeletal muscle
smooth muscle
muscular system
cardiac muscle
moves bones, protects inner organs
surrounds and contracts blood vessels and the digestive system
allows movement in skeleton, cushions organs, generates heat
only in heart, pumps heart
skeletal muscle
moves bones, protects inner organs
smooth muscle
surrounds and contracts blood vessels and the digestive system
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