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Study sets matching "human bio honors biology 101"

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Study sets matching "human bio honors biology 101"

26 terms
HONORS BIOLOGY- HUMAN IMPACT
MONOCULTURE
GREEN REVOLUTION
RENEWABLE RESOURCE
NONRENEWABLE RESOURCE
farming strategy in which large fields are planted with a sin…
the development of highly productive crop strains and the use…
a necessity of life (resource) which can regenerate quickly a…
a necessity of life (resource) which can NOT be replenished b…
MONOCULTURE
farming strategy in which large fields are planted with a sin…
GREEN REVOLUTION
the development of highly productive crop strains and the use…
60 terms
Honors Biology- BioChem
What do organic compounds always conta…
What are the four types of macromolecu…
What is a carbohydrate's job?
What are the three types of carbohydra…
Carbon
Carbohydrates ... Lipids ... Proteins ... Nucleic Acids
To give QUICK energy
Monosaccharides... Disaccharides ... Polysaccharides
What do organic compounds always conta…
Carbon
What are the four types of macromolecu…
Carbohydrates ... Lipids ... Proteins ... Nucleic Acids
28 terms
Human Genetics Honors Bio I
linked genes
sex chromosome
genetic disorder
lethal mutation
Genes located close enough together on a chromosome that they…
Chromosomes that determine the sex of an individual
an inherited disease or disorder that is caused by a mutation…
Mutation that causes death
linked genes
Genes located close enough together on a chromosome that they…
sex chromosome
Chromosomes that determine the sex of an individual
292 terms
Human Genetics- Biology Honors
What does the nucleus contain?
What does DNA contain in just 1 set of…
What does the nucleus contain in each…
What does this information provide?
An information-rich genome
3 billion base pairs
6 billion base pairs
The instructions for all the parts and processes that have be…
What does the nucleus contain?
An information-rich genome
What does DNA contain in just 1 set of…
3 billion base pairs
49 terms
Biology Honors-Bio Chemistry
Cohesion
Adhesion
Surface Tension
Heat vs. Temperature
the tendency for molecules to stick together
the clinging of one substance to another
a measure of how difficult it is the stretch or break the sur…
the amount of energy associated with the movement of atoms an…
Cohesion
the tendency for molecules to stick together
Adhesion
the clinging of one substance to another
45 terms
Honors Biology: Bio-molecules
Covalent bonds
Hydrogen bonds
Why is water a polar molecule?
Weak attractions
hold the hydrogen atoms to the oxygen atoms
an attraction with the hydrogen atoms since the charges betwe…
The oxygen atom is more negatively charged because the electr…
are formed between oxygen and hydrogen atoms
Covalent bonds
hold the hydrogen atoms to the oxygen atoms
Hydrogen bonds
an attraction with the hydrogen atoms since the charges betwe…
35 terms
Human Development - Biology Honors
zygote
two
morphogenesis
blastula
the initial cell formed when two gamete cells are joined
Soon after fertilization, the zygote divides into ____ cells…
embryonic development of the structure of an organism
a hollow ball of hundreds of cells
zygote
the initial cell formed when two gamete cells are joined
two
Soon after fertilization, the zygote divides into ____ cells…
30 terms
Human Heredity - Honors Bio
Mendel
Watson
Crick
Franklin
1865 - sets a foundation for genetics. Does series of experim…
1953 - presented the double helix model of DNA worked with Cr…
1953 - presented the double helix model of DNA worked with Wa…
Modified Crick and Watson's discovery of the double helix usi…
Mendel
1865 - sets a foundation for genetics. Does series of experim…
Watson
1953 - presented the double helix model of DNA worked with Cr…
45 terms
Honors Biology: Bio-molecules
Covalent bonds
Hydrogen bonds
Why is water a polar molecule?
Weak attractions
hold the hydrogen atoms to the oxygen atoms
an attraction with the hydrogen atoms since the charges betwe…
The oxygen atom is more negatively charged because the electr…
are formed between oxygen and hydrogen atoms
Covalent bonds
hold the hydrogen atoms to the oxygen atoms
Hydrogen bonds
an attraction with the hydrogen atoms since the charges betwe…
Honors Biology 101
evolution
biology
emergent properties
eukaryotic cell
the process of change that has transformed life on earth from…
the scientific study of life
novel properties that are present at a level and are absent a…
a cell that contains membrane-enclosed organelles
evolution
the process of change that has transformed life on earth from…
biology
the scientific study of life
35 terms
Honors Biology- BioBasics
What is the most important rule of lab…
___ eating or drinking in the lab
______ wear protective lab ware if nee…
List three examples of protective lab…
Tell the teacher
No
Always
Gloves, goggles, apron
What is the most important rule of lab…
Tell the teacher
___ eating or drinking in the lab
No
21 terms
Honors Biology Human Genetics
Mutation
Mutations may be beneficial
Example of a mutation
Mutations may be harmful
A change in DNA
It may allow the organism to produce a protein that gives the…
Heterozygous for sickle cell anemia are immune to malaria
They may prevent an organism from producing an important stru…
Mutation
A change in DNA
Mutations may be beneficial
It may allow the organism to produce a protein that gives the…
38 terms
Honors Biology Human Embryology
embryo
implantation
placenta
umbilical cord
the blastocyst with the 3 germ layers. gastrula
attachment of blastocyst in spongy tissue of uterine wall
formed by chorion of embryo and uterine wall of mother
what attaches embryo to placenta. contains arteries of embryo
embryo
the blastocyst with the 3 germ layers. gastrula
implantation
attachment of blastocyst in spongy tissue of uterine wall
20 terms
Bio honors: safety 101
1
2
3
4
Be respectful
Follow instructions
Never work alone
Do not touch any materials until instructed
1
Be respectful
2
Follow instructions
35 terms
Honors Biology: Human Population
Demographic transition
Age structure
Population momentum
Ecological Footprint
a shift from zero population growth in which birth rates and…
a demographic tool helpful for predicting a population's futu…
the increased proportion of women of childbearing age in the…
an estimate to the amount of land required to provide the raw…
Demographic transition
a shift from zero population growth in which birth rates and…
Age structure
a demographic tool helpful for predicting a population's futu…
65 terms
Honors Bio Human Reactions
Carbohydrates
Proteins
Fats
Mechanical Digestion
Are the first source of energy for the body; found in pastas,…
Provide structure to the body and transport; found in meats a…
Help the body absorb vitamins and insulate organs; are found…
Physically changing food
Carbohydrates
Are the first source of energy for the body; found in pastas,…
Proteins
Provide structure to the body and transport; found in meats a…
133 terms
Honors Biology Human Body Systems
Tissues
Organ
body System
White Blood Cells
Groups of similar cells preforming a common function
a group of different kinds of tissues functioning together to…
2 or more organs working together to accomplish a particular…
-Leukocytes that defend against body disease
Tissues
Groups of similar cells preforming a common function
Organ
a group of different kinds of tissues functioning together to…
71 terms
Honors bio - human embryology
Site of fertilization
Fertilization occurs
Fertilization membrane
Zygote
The upper 1/3 of the Fallopian tube
2 weeks after the last menstrual period (after ovulation and…
The membrane that prevents other sperm from entering the egg…
The structure formed when the sperm nucleus unites with the e…
Site of fertilization
The upper 1/3 of the Fallopian tube
Fertilization occurs
2 weeks after the last menstrual period (after ovulation and…
Bio Chemistry (Biology Honors)- Messina
carbon
organic chemistry
carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
nitrogen, phosphorus and sulfur
all living things are made of
the study of the compounds in all living things
what are the 3 elements found in all living things
what are 3 important elements often found in living things (n…
carbon
all living things are made of
organic chemistry
the study of the compounds in all living things
18 terms
Honors Bio -- Human Body
Integumentary
Muscular
Circulatory
Respiratory
Skin... Protect
All skeletal muscles... Movement
Heart... Transporting
Lungs... Exchange oxygen for carbon dioxide
Integumentary
Skin... Protect
Muscular
All skeletal muscles... Movement
48 terms
BIO HONORS // CELL BIOLOGY
Amphiphilic
Cholesterol (in the membrane)
Glycocalyx
Tissue transplant rejection
Phospholipids are _____ meaning they have both hydrophobic an…
Lipid found in the membrane which helps regulate the fluidity…
"sugar coat" formed by branching carbohydrate chains on integ…
Often cause by the large variation of glycocalyx (differences…
Amphiphilic
Phospholipids are _____ meaning they have both hydrophobic an…
Cholesterol (in the membrane)
Lipid found in the membrane which helps regulate the fluidity…
60 terms
Honors Bio Ch 1 Biology: Exploring Life
domain
eukaryotic cell
control
biosphere
largest category of organization for living things
cell possessing a nucleus
factors in an experiment that remain constant in order to ins…
sum of all Earth's living ecosystems
domain
largest category of organization for living things
eukaryotic cell
cell possessing a nucleus
26 terms
Honors Bio- Branches of biology
anatomy
anthropology
bacteriology
biochemistry
body structures
history of man (human evolution/ culture)
study of bacteria
chemical compounds and reactions in living things
anatomy
body structures
anthropology
history of man (human evolution/ culture)
54 terms
Honors Biology: Human Reactions
Anus
Appendix
Esophagus
Gallbladder
opening through which feces are expelled from the body
sac hanging from the ascending portion of the large intestine
tube about 25 centimeters long that connects the pharynx to t…
stores bile until it is secreted
Anus
opening through which feces are expelled from the body
Appendix
sac hanging from the ascending portion of the large intestine
12 terms
Honors Bio Human Evolution
8 Significant Tools/Technology and who…
Order of Genus
Homo Habilis
Homo Erectus
1.Ax(habilis)... 2.Fire (erectus)... 3.Clothing(sapien)... 4.Spears(er…
Homo Habilis>Homo Erectus>Homo Sapien
2.5-1.8mya... Brain volume: 600 cu. cm... means "handy man"... Short,…
From africa eventually moved into asia and europe, 1.7 mya... li…
8 Significant Tools/Technology and who…
1.Ax(habilis)... 2.Fire (erectus)... 3.Clothing(sapien)... 4.Spears(er…
Order of Genus
Homo Habilis>Homo Erectus>Homo Sapien
17 terms
Bio Honors: The Language of Biology
a-
ab-
alb-
angio-
lacking; none; not; negative
away fron; out from; abstinence
white
vessels
a-
lacking; none; not; negative
ab-
away fron; out from; abstinence
48 terms
Honors Biology: Human Evolution
Ways to distinguish animals
aquatic
marine
Phylum Porifera
digestive system, nervous system, muscular system, excretory…
fresh water
salt water
invertebrates; sessile; no nervous system but still sense thi…
Ways to distinguish animals
digestive system, nervous system, muscular system, excretory…
aquatic
fresh water
13 terms
Honors Human Bio Connective Tissues
Where is it found?
Functions
Extracellular Matrix
Osseous tissue
Everywhere in body... Includes the most abundant and widely dist…
Binds body tissues together... Supports the body... Provides protec…
Non-living material that surrounds living cells
Bone... Composed of:... Bone cells in lacunae (cavities)... Hard matr…
Where is it found?
Everywhere in body... Includes the most abundant and widely dist…
Functions
Binds body tissues together... Supports the body... Provides protec…
28 terms
Human Genetics Honors Bio I
linked genes
sex chromosome
genetic disorder
lethal mutation
Genes located close enough together on a chromosome that they…
Chromosomes that determine the sex of an individual
an inherited disease or disorder that is caused by a mutation…
Mutation that causes death
linked genes
Genes located close enough together on a chromosome that they…
sex chromosome
Chromosomes that determine the sex of an individual
21 terms
Bio Honors Biology/Ecology
energy
water
living space
stable internal conditions
autotroph vs heterotroph
55%-75% of your body
leads to competition
homeostasis; warm blooded vs cold blooded
energy
autotroph vs heterotroph
water
55%-75% of your body
34 terms
Bio honors~Biology Molecules
Adenosine Triphosphate(ATP)
Amino Acid
Carbohydrates
Cellulose
Energy carrier
Monomer of a protein
Sugars. Starches. And fibers.
Carbohydrates
Adenosine Triphosphate(ATP)
Energy carrier
Amino Acid
Monomer of a protein
BIO 101 Human Biology Ch4 tour of cell
Which of the following statements abou…
Light microscopes
One centimeter = ________ millimeters.
Resolution is the
B) All cells have internal structures that move.
use light and glass lenses to magnify an image.
10
ability of an optical instrument to show two close objects as…
Which of the following statements abou…
B) All cells have internal structures that move.
Light microscopes
use light and glass lenses to magnify an image.
62 terms
Human Genetics-Biology 101
Human genetics (def)
What are the difficulties in studying…
How do we study human genetics?
Pedigree analysis
study of the inheritance of variance in humans
1. few offspring... 2. long generations... 3. can't experiment on h…
1. population studies in large extended families- analyze mat…
family tree that shows inheritance patterns over one or more…
Human genetics (def)
study of the inheritance of variance in humans
What are the difficulties in studying…
1. few offspring... 2. long generations... 3. can't experiment on h…
96 terms
Human Senses - bio 101
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS):
Sensory(afferent) division
motor(efferent) division
Somatic nervous sytem
Two Functional Divisions: ... sensory (afferent) division ... motor…
consist of sensory neurons which carry impulses from all sens…
transmit impulses from the central nervous system to effector…
somatic motor(voluntary) conducts impulses from the CNS to sk…
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS):
Two Functional Divisions: ... sensory (afferent) division ... motor…
Sensory(afferent) division
consist of sensory neurons which carry impulses from all sens…
20 terms
honors biology (humans)
allergy
antibiotic
antibody
antigen
Over reaction of immune
Against bacteria
Bodies fighters
Invader
allergy
Over reaction of immune
antibiotic
Against bacteria
35 terms
BIOLOGY HONORS - Human genetics
-Most common disorder among African-Am…
-Most common disorder among Caucasians…
-Lipids buildup in the brain, which ca…
-Causes loss of motor coordination and…
Sickle Cell
Cystic Fibrosis
Tay-Sachs
Huntingtons
-Most common disorder among African-Am…
Sickle Cell
-Most common disorder among Caucasians…
Cystic Fibrosis
26 terms
Honors biology branches of bio
Anatomy
Anthropology
Bacteriology
Biochemistry
Study of body structures
Study of the history of man
Study of bacteria
Study of chemical compounds and reactions present in living t…
Anatomy
Study of body structures
Anthropology
Study of the history of man
48 terms
Biology Ch2 - BIO 101
Strong chemical bonds due to the shari…
Electrons are transferred between two…
Polar covalent bond is created when
The unequal sharing of electrons betwe…
Covalent bonds
Ionic bonds
atoms within the bond do not have the same pull on the shared…
polar molecule
Strong chemical bonds due to the shari…
Covalent bonds
Electrons are transferred between two…
Ionic bonds
31 terms
Honors Bio Language of Biology
-ology
macro-
homo-/homeo-
endo-
study of
large
same
in
-ology
study of
macro-
large
34 terms
Human Biology Honors Neurophysiology
Neurons are highly irritable
Respond to adequate stimulus by genera…
Impulse is always the same regardless…
Energy is required to separate opposit…
...
...
...
...
Neurons are highly irritable
...
Respond to adequate stimulus by genera…
...
32 terms
Nervous System - Honors Human Bio
astrocytes
microglia
ependymal cells
oligodendrocytes
neuroglia... star-shaped... - brace neurons... - form barrier b/w ca…
neuroglia... small, spider-like phagocytes... - dispose of debris…
neuroglia... look like simple cuboidal cells with cilia... line ca…
neuroglia... look like hammocks... wrap around nerve fibers in CNS…
astrocytes
neuroglia... star-shaped... - brace neurons... - form barrier b/w ca…
microglia
neuroglia... small, spider-like phagocytes... - dispose of debris…
39 terms
BIO 101 Human Impact
What organism has the greatest impact…
5 parts of Habitat Destruction?
What percent of Habitat Destruction ta…
Why do exotic species have such a big…
Humans
Agriculture, Housing, Logging, Mining, Pollution
60 percent
Prey and eat native animals, better competitors, no natural e…
What organism has the greatest impact…
Humans
5 parts of Habitat Destruction?
Agriculture, Housing, Logging, Mining, Pollution
7 terms
Bio 101 Human ecology
Metapopulation
Metapopulation
What happens if there is no dispersal?
Effects of intensive fishing on rockfish
set of poiulations linked by small amounts of dispersal
-Patches connected by dispersal... -Rescue effect
the populations are more likely to go extinct
- Harvesting rockfish reduced female size.
Metapopulation
set of poiulations linked by small amounts of dispersal
Metapopulation
-Patches connected by dispersal... -Rescue effect
142 terms
Biology Honors Chapter 3: BioChem
what makes carbon so important?
all biochemical molecules contain
Carbon is the ____ for all biochemistry
carbon engages in ____ chemical bonds
its unique properties
C, O, & H (and some contain N, S, and P)
backbone element
carbon engages in 4 chemical bonds. single, double, or triple…
what makes carbon so important?
its unique properties
all biochemical molecules contain
C, O, & H (and some contain N, S, and P)
20 terms
Bio Honors prefix 82-101
Phase
phore
photo
phyll
to eat
bearer
light
leaf
Phase
to eat
phore
bearer
52 terms
Human Biology 101
frontal bone
parietal
temporal
occipital
forms the fore head
forms top of cranium
forms sides of cranium
forms rear of cranium; note the foramen magnum, the large hol…
frontal bone
forms the fore head
parietal
forms top of cranium
11 terms
honors bio molecular biology
Study of heredity at molecular level
Virus that infects bacteria
Why couldnt they use radioactive carbo…
What are the components of a nucleotide
Molecular biology
Bacteriophages
B/c they bith contain carbon
A phosphate group... A pentose sugar... A nitrogen base
Study of heredity at molecular level
Molecular biology
Virus that infects bacteria
Bacteriophages
19 terms
HONORS BIOLOGY: Intro to Bio Vocabulary
Abiotic
Adaptation
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
non-living
any alteration in the structure or function of an organism by…
the use of oxygen in the breakdown of foodstuffs to create en…
the breakdown of sugar or other organic compounds in the abse…
Abiotic
non-living
Adaptation
any alteration in the structure or function of an organism by…
85 terms
Honors Bio: "Human Nervous System"
brain and spinal cord
Protection: bone
Protection: membrane
Protection: liquid
2 main parts of the central nervous system
Skull (porous) encloses brain and vertebrae encloses spinal c…
Meninges (3 thought membranes) that envelop brain and spinal…
Cerebrospinal fluid cushions nervous tissues against shock
brain and spinal cord
2 main parts of the central nervous system
Protection: bone
Skull (porous) encloses brain and vertebrae encloses spinal c…
10 terms
Biology Honors Prefixes 101-110
Trans-
Tri-
Uni-
Ventra
Across... ( Transparent is an object that lets light passes thro…
Three ... (A tricycle has three wheels.)
One, single... (Every one in the class was working in unison.)
Underside, belly... ( ventral is relating to the underside of an…
Trans-
Across... ( Transparent is an object that lets light passes thro…
Tri-
Three ... (A tricycle has three wheels.)
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