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Study sets matching "human biology"

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Study sets matching "human biology"

18 terms
Human Biology
esophagus
stomach
small intestine
anus
The part of the alimentary canal that connects the throat to…
the internal organ in which the major part of the digestion o…
the part of the intestine that runs between the stomach and t…
the opening at the end of the alimentary canal through which…
esophagus
The part of the alimentary canal that connects the throat to…
stomach
the internal organ in which the major part of the digestion o…
9 terms
1.2 human biology
the inner framework made up of all the…
the 26 small bones that make up the ba…
a place in the body where two bones co…
strong connective tissue that holds bo…
skeleton
vertebrae
joint
ligament
the inner framework made up of all the…
skeleton
the 26 small bones that make up the ba…
vertebrae
13 terms
1.1 human biology
The basic unit of structure and functi…
The outside boundary of a cell
The control center of a cell that dire…
The material within a cell apart from…
Cell
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
The basic unit of structure and functi…
Cell
The outside boundary of a cell
Cell Membrane
13 terms
human biology
сердце
легкие
нейрон
мочеточник
heart
Lungs
neuron
Ureter
сердце
heart
легкие
Lungs
72 terms
HSC Biology - Human Story
Carolus Linnaeus
Taxonomy
Binomial nomenclature
Prehensile
(1707-1778) Swedish naturalist who developed the classificati…
the branch of science concerned with the rules of classifying…
In this system an organism is called by its genus & species n…
a grabbing structure, which could be a prehensile tail, or pr…
Carolus Linnaeus
(1707-1778) Swedish naturalist who developed the classificati…
Taxonomy
the branch of science concerned with the rules of classifying…
70 terms
IGCSE Biology - Human Reproduction
Urethra
Ureter
Ovaries
Testis
Tube which transports urine from the bladder to the outside o…
Tube which transports urine from the kidneys to the bladder
Organs which secrete oestrogen and progesterone into the bloo…
Organs which produce testosterone. Sperm are produced here.
Urethra
Tube which transports urine from the bladder to the outside o…
Ureter
Tube which transports urine from the kidneys to the bladder
24 terms
Human Biology: Respiratory System
nasal cavity
pharynx
larynx
trachea
A system of air channels connecting the nose with the back of…
Also known as the throat, passageway for air and food.
structure which contains the vocal cords.
Allows air to pass to and from lungs. Composed of ... C-shaped r…
nasal cavity
A system of air channels connecting the nose with the back of…
pharynx
Also known as the throat, passageway for air and food.
18 terms
Human biology
Bone
Hyaline cartilage
Elastic cartilage
Fibrocartilage
Example: bone... Function: protection and support... Type: connective
Example: ribs to sternum, support for larynx and thyroid, nos…
Example: external ear, walls of Eustachian tube, epiglottis a…
Example: intervertebral discs, knees, pelvic girdle... Function:…
Bone
Example: bone... Function: protection and support... Type: connective
Hyaline cartilage
Example: ribs to sternum, support for larynx and thyroid, nos…
49 terms
Human Biology
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Organelles
the outer boundary, determines which substances go in and out…
thick fluid that fills cell, part of it are the cytosol and t…
liquid part of cytoplasm
specialised structures within cytoplasm, examples are golgi b…
Cell Membrane
the outer boundary, determines which substances go in and out…
Cytoplasm
thick fluid that fills cell, part of it are the cytosol and t…
75 terms
Human Biology
Cell
Tissue
Organ
System
the basic structural and functional unit of a living organism…
a group of cells that are similar in structure and function.…
a body structure that has a definite form and function, usual…
a group of organs working together for a common function. Eg.…
Cell
the basic structural and functional unit of a living organism…
Tissue
a group of cells that are similar in structure and function.…
100 terms
Human Biology
Oral Cavity
Pharynx
Esophagus
Ascending Colon
Includes lips, tongue, roof of the mouth, and teeth
Space where the nose and the throat meet, immediate end of th…
The throat, long tube leading down to your stomach
The part of the large intestine going up, at it's base we hav…
Oral Cavity
Includes lips, tongue, roof of the mouth, and teeth
Pharynx
Space where the nose and the throat meet, immediate end of th…
83 terms
Human Biology
cell
cell membrane
nucleus
cytoplasm
the basic unit of structure and function of a living thing
the outside boundary of a cell
the control center of a cell that directs the cell's activiti…
the material within a cell apart from the nucleus
cell
the basic unit of structure and function of a living thing
cell membrane
the outside boundary of a cell
9 terms
2.4 human biology
the part of the digestive system in wh…
the largest organ in the body creates…
a substance produced by the liver that…
the organ that stores bile after it is…
small intestine
liver
bile
gallbladder
the part of the digestive system in wh…
small intestine
the largest organ in the body creates…
liver
9 terms
2.3 human biology
the process by which the body breaks d…
the process by which nutrient molecule…
the fluid released when the mouth wate…
a protein that speeds up chemical reac…
digestion
absorption
saliva
enzyme
the process by which the body breaks d…
digestion
the process by which nutrient molecule…
absorption
48 terms
Human Biology
What are the 7 life processes
Organelle
Examples of Organelle
Function of the Cell Membrane
Movement Reproduction ... Sensitivity ... Nutrition... Excretion ... Resp…
A structure within the cell
Nucleus... Golgi body ... lysosomes, ... micro bodies vacuoles
Is a Boundary and controls movement in and out of cell.
What are the 7 life processes
Movement Reproduction ... Sensitivity ... Nutrition... Excretion ... Resp…
Organelle
A structure within the cell
Human Biology
Nasal cavity
Larynx
Trachea
Esophagus
Lined with hair for filtering and kept moist by mucous secret…
Located at the top of trachea, made of cartilage pieces that…
Made of C-shaped rings of cartilage, which provide protection…
Passageway that leads to the stomach, behind the trachea
Nasal cavity
Lined with hair for filtering and kept moist by mucous secret…
Larynx
Located at the top of trachea, made of cartilage pieces that…
11 terms
human biology revision
The basic unit of structure and functi…
The outside boundary of a cell
The control center of a cell that dire…
The material within a cell apart from…
Cell
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
The basic unit of structure and functi…
Cell
The outside boundary of a cell
Cell Membrane
10 terms
Human Biology
Skeletal System
Muscular System
Digestive System
Excretory System
-made up of the bones and cartilage that form the framework o…
-includes the muscles that help you move, and muscles that he…
-the breaking down of food into substances the body can use.
-removes wastes produced by the activities of cells.
Skeletal System
-made up of the bones and cartilage that form the framework o…
Muscular System
-includes the muscles that help you move, and muscles that he…
12 terms
Human Biology
Tissues
Organs
Organ Systems
Homeostasis
Cells working together, eg lining of the stomach
different tissues working together, eg stomach
Different organs working together eg. digestive system
Balance maintained by interaction of organ systems
Tissues
Cells working together, eg lining of the stomach
Organs
different tissues working together, eg stomach
9 terms
Human Biology - Respiratory System
respiratory system
nostrils
mouth
nasal passages
system that gets rid of the carbon dioxide waste and also tak…
slits in your nose that allows air to enter your body
opening on your face where you take in food as well as air
channel of airflow through the nose
respiratory system
system that gets rid of the carbon dioxide waste and also tak…
nostrils
slits in your nose that allows air to enter your body
38 terms
Human Biology
What are the spaces in the bones fille…
Which type of human body tissue can co…
Which organ systems help fight disease
which organ system makes blood cells
marrow
muscle tissue
circulatory and immune
skeletal system
What are the spaces in the bones fille…
marrow
Which type of human body tissue can co…
muscle tissue
14 terms
Human Biology
Eukaryotic Cells?
Plasma membrane?
Cytoplasm?
Nucleus?
contain the following organelles or components, each... with its…
- gate keeper of the cell... Outer membrane of a cell, composed…
Everything inside the plasma membrane cell except the nucleus
Location of the cell's genetic information, DNA - chromatin
Eukaryotic Cells?
contain the following organelles or components, each... with its…
Plasma membrane?
- gate keeper of the cell... Outer membrane of a cell, composed…
19 terms
Human Biology 1 Microscope
ocular lens magnification
rotating lens magnifications
scanning power magnification
low power magnification
x10
x4, x10, x40
x40
x100
ocular lens magnification
x10
rotating lens magnifications
x4, x10, x40
human biology
Biology is the study of ?
Similar cells form ?
Several tissues make up an/a ?
First cells evolved how long ago?
Life
Tissues
Organ
3.5 billion years ago
Biology is the study of ?
Life
Similar cells form ?
Tissues
73 terms
Human Biology Chapter 4
Epithelial Tissues
Glands (glandular epithelia)
Exocrine glands
Endocrine Glands
consist of sheets of cells that line or cover various surface…
form the body's glands. epithelial tissues that are specializ…
(exo- means "outside" or "outward") secrete their products in…
(endo- means "within") secrete substances called hormones int…
Epithelial Tissues
consist of sheets of cells that line or cover various surface…
Glands (glandular epithelia)
form the body's glands. epithelial tissues that are specializ…
46 terms
Human Biology Chapter 3
Cell Doctrine
Plasma Membrane
Eukaryotes
Organelles
1. All living things are composed of cells and cell products…
Outer membrane that encloses the material inside the cell.
1. A plasma membrane ... 2. A nucleus ... 3. Cytoplasm
("Little Organs") Microscopic structures that carry out speci…
Cell Doctrine
1. All living things are composed of cells and cell products…
Plasma Membrane
Outer membrane that encloses the material inside the cell.
14 terms
Introduction to Human Biology
Physiology
Anatomy
Hygiene
Hippocrates
the branch of biology that studies functions of living organi…
The study of body structure
Conditions or practices helpful in maintaining health and pre…
The father of medicine who founded School of medicine in Gree…
Physiology
the branch of biology that studies functions of living organi…
Anatomy
The study of body structure
10 terms
Human Biology - Circulatory System
circulatory system
blood
red blood cells
white blood cells
system that transports needed substances throughout our bodie…
tissue made up of cells and cell parts carried in a liquid
type of cell that specializes in carrying oxygen and carbon d…
type of cell that helps you fight disease
circulatory system
system that transports needed substances throughout our bodie…
blood
tissue made up of cells and cell parts carried in a liquid
22 terms
Human Biology Chapter 6
Skeletal Muscles
Origin
Insertion
Myofibrils
muscles that are usually attached to a bone and are responsib…
one end of a skeletal muscle that joins to a bone that remain…
the other end of the muscle that attaches to another bone acr…
collectively arranged in longitudinal bundles in muscle cells…
Skeletal Muscles
muscles that are usually attached to a bone and are responsib…
Origin
one end of a skeletal muscle that joins to a bone that remain…
16 terms
Human Biology - Endocrine System
endocrine system
glands
hormones
pituitary gland
system that regulates body activities by producing chemical m…
specialized organs that make substances that control and regu…
chemical messengers that are produced by glands
gland that makes substances that control other glands and aff…
endocrine system
system that regulates body activities by producing chemical m…
glands
specialized organs that make substances that control and regu…
13 terms
Human Biology - Nervous System
nervous system
central nervous sytem
brain
cerebrum
system that controls and coordinates your body's activities a…
part of the nervous system made up of your brain and spinal c…
important organ that has three parts with different functions…
part of the brain that controls your thoughts and voluntary a…
nervous system
system that controls and coordinates your body's activities a…
central nervous sytem
part of the nervous system made up of your brain and spinal c…
33 terms
Human Biology Chapter 5
Bones
Compact Bone
Spongy Bone
Osteocytes
a living tissue that contains several types of living cells i…
forms the shaft and covers each end of a long bone.
is less dense that compact bone, allowing the bones to be lig…
mature bone cells that maintain the structure of bone.
Bones
a living tissue that contains several types of living cells i…
Compact Bone
forms the shaft and covers each end of a long bone.
23 terms
Human Biology - Digestive and Excretory
digestive system
mechanical digestion
chemical digestion
enzymes
system of the body that breaks food down into substances that…
physical breaking down of food into smaller pieces
digestion that uses special proteins to break up large food m…
special kind of protein that breaks up large food molecules
digestive system
system of the body that breaks food down into substances that…
mechanical digestion
physical breaking down of food into smaller pieces
43 terms
Human Biology Chapter 3
Plasma Membrane
Organelles
Cytosol
Cytoplasm
Membrane surrounding the cell, consisting of a phospholipid b…
One of many small cellular structures that perform specific f…
semifluid gel material inside the cell, or ("cell solution")
The cellular material surrounding a cell nucleus and enclosed…
Plasma Membrane
Membrane surrounding the cell, consisting of a phospholipid b…
Organelles
One of many small cellular structures that perform specific f…
8 terms
Human biology
Organ
Organ system
Atom
Compound or molecule
a part of an organism that is typically self-contained and ha…
In biology, an organ system is a group of organs that work to…
It is the smallest component of an element that still has the…
An extremely small particle or substance, especially at cellu…
Organ
a part of an organism that is typically self-contained and ha…
Organ system
In biology, an organ system is a group of organs that work to…
Human Biology
Cell
The Skeletal system
The Digestive system
The Nervous System
The smallest unit of life
A body system made up of several bones
A system of organs that breaks down food so your body can use…
A body system that is made up of several tiny nerves that sen…
Cell
The smallest unit of life
The Skeletal system
A body system made up of several bones
30 terms
Human Biology Chapter 4
Tissues
Epithelial Tissues
Glands
Exocrine Glands
groups of specialized cells that are similar in structure and…
consist of sheets of cells that line or cover various surface…
epithelial tissues that are specialized to synthesize and sec…
secrete their products into a hollow organ or duct. (Examples…
Tissues
groups of specialized cells that are similar in structure and…
Epithelial Tissues
consist of sheets of cells that line or cover various surface…
29 terms
Human Biology
Two main function of DNA
4 Nitrogen Base
Nucleotide
Replication
To replicate itself... To encode for proteins and RNA molecules…
Adenine... Thymine... Guanine... Cytosine
Compose of- sugar group, phosphate group, nitrogen base
to make more DNA
Two main function of DNA
To replicate itself... To encode for proteins and RNA molecules…
4 Nitrogen Base
Adenine... Thymine... Guanine... Cytosine
Human Biology
Isotope
Scientific Method
Ion
Molecules
atoms that have the same number of protons, different number…
1. make careful observations... 2. formulate a testable hypothes…
an atom with electric charge due to the loss or gain of one o…
chemical structures held by covalent bonds (same)
Isotope
atoms that have the same number of protons, different number…
Scientific Method
1. make careful observations... 2. formulate a testable hypothes…
Human Biology
Homozygous
Fluid of the cytoplasm
Mitochondria
Aerobic Respiration
Recessive alleles are only expressed in?
In our cells, anaerobic respiration takes place in the?
In our cells, aerobic respiration takes place in the?
Which is more efficient in making ATP?... Aerobic respiration or…
Homozygous
Recessive alleles are only expressed in?
Fluid of the cytoplasm
In our cells, anaerobic respiration takes place in the?
18 terms
Human Biology
Cells
Tissues
Organ
Veins
Smallest unit of life in which DNA is contained and proteins…
A group of cells that all do the same function.
A group of tissues that perform a function.
Vessels that carry deoxygenated blood back to the heart.
Cells
Smallest unit of life in which DNA is contained and proteins…
Tissues
A group of cells that all do the same function.
34 terms
Human Biology
Biceps Brachii
Triceps Brachii
Deltoid
Trapezius
Biceps Brachii
Triceps Brachii
13 terms
Human Biology
Muscle
Nerve
Neuron
Brain
n. a piece of tissue in our bodies that can squeeze (contract…
n. a string shaped tissue or lots of tissues in our bodies th…
n. a single nerve cell
n. a soft organ that is the center of our nervous system; dif…
Muscle
n. a piece of tissue in our bodies that can squeeze (contract…
Nerve
n. a string shaped tissue or lots of tissues in our bodies th…
84 terms
Human Biology
Acid
Amino Acid
Anticodon
Base
donate H+
building blocks of protein
nucleotides forming a unit in a transfer RNA molecule
donate oH-
Acid
donate H+
Amino Acid
building blocks of protein
49 terms
Human Biology
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Organelles
the outer boundary, determines which substances go in and out…
thick fluid that fills cell, part of it are the cytosol and t…
liquid part of cytoplasm
specialised structures within cytoplasm, examples are golgi b…
Cell Membrane
the outer boundary, determines which substances go in and out…
Cytoplasm
thick fluid that fills cell, part of it are the cytosol and t…
41 terms
human biology
humans have
females
males
small intestine
23 chromosomes
23 similar pairs, X chromosome
22 similar pairs, Y chromosome
where nutrients are absorbed
humans have
23 chromosomes
females
23 similar pairs, X chromosome
16 terms
Human Biology
Mitosis
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Process of cell division
Chromosomes condense and nucleur membrane not apparent
Thick coiled chromosomes line up along equator and join to sp…
Chromatids separate creating chromotides. Mov towards centrio…
Mitosis
Process of cell division
Prophase
Chromosomes condense and nucleur membrane not apparent
19 terms
Human Biology Chapter 8
Compare the parent-offspring relations…
Explain why cell division is essential…
Explain how daughter prokaryotic chrom…
Compare the structure of prokaryotic a…
asexual- dont need a partner (ex: plants), produces offspring…
if the cells don't divide they don't reproduce
duplication of the chromosome, daughter chromosomes move to e…
prokaryotes do not have a nuclear membrane so it doesn't have…
Compare the parent-offspring relations…
asexual- dont need a partner (ex: plants), produces offspring…
Explain why cell division is essential…
if the cells don't divide they don't reproduce
13 terms
Human Biology
muscle
nerve
neuron
brain
筋肉
神経
ニューロン
muscle
筋肉
nerve
神経
92 terms
Human Biology
tissues
Muscle Tissue
Skeletal Muscle
Cardiac Muscle
groups of cells working together
contract in coordination upon stimulation
Voluntary movement, muscles that move bone
Heart muscle, involuntary movement
tissues
groups of cells working together
Muscle Tissue
contract in coordination upon stimulation
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