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Study sets matching "human biology"

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Study sets matching "human biology"

168 terms
human biology
urethra
pharynx
glottis
vital capacity
尿道
咽頭
声門
肺活量
urethra
尿道
pharynx
咽頭
13 terms
Human biology
Muscle 筋肉
Nerve 神経
Neuron 神経細胞
Brain 脳
n. a piece of tissue in our bodies that can squeeze (contract…
n. a string shaped tissue or lots of tissues in our bodies th…
n. a single nerve cell
n. a soft organ that is the center of our nervous system; dif…
Muscle 筋肉
n. a piece of tissue in our bodies that can squeeze (contract…
Nerve 神経
n. a string shaped tissue or lots of tissues in our bodies th…
24 terms
Human Biology
Left Atrium... Left Ventricular... Right Atr…
Nasal Cavity... Trachea... Primary Bronchi... S…
Take O2 + Glucose + Amino acids + Ions…
Caratoid Artery... Subclavian... Brachial... Me…
Name the Heart
Name the Respiratory system
Circulatory System
Arteries
Left Atrium... Left Ventricular... Right Atr…
Name the Heart
Nasal Cavity... Trachea... Primary Bronchi... S…
Name the Respiratory system
13 terms
Human biology
muscle
nerve
neuron
brain
n. a piece of tissue in our bodies that can squeeze (contract…
n. a string shaped tissue or lots of tissues in our bodies th…
n. a single nerve cell
n. a soft organ that is the center of our nervous system; dif…
muscle
n. a piece of tissue in our bodies that can squeeze (contract…
nerve
n. a string shaped tissue or lots of tissues in our bodies th…
13 terms
Human Biology
Muscle
Nerve
Neuron
Brain
Piece of tissue in our bodies that can squeeze (contract), wh…
A string shaped tissue or lots of tissues in our bodies that…
A single nerve cell
A soft organ that is the center of our nervous system; differ…
Muscle
Piece of tissue in our bodies that can squeeze (contract), wh…
Nerve
A string shaped tissue or lots of tissues in our bodies that…
66 terms
Human Biology
Hydroxyl
Carbonyl
Carboxyl
Amino
Alcohol functional group
Aldehyde and Ketone functional group
Carboxylic acid functional group
Amino acid
Hydroxyl
Alcohol functional group
Carbonyl
Aldehyde and Ketone functional group
53 terms
Human Biology
Describe the structure and function of…
Describe the structure and function of…
Describe the structure and function of…
Describe the structure and function of…
monitors what comes in and out of the cell
fills all the space between the nucleus and the cell membrane
holds DNA
makes protein
Describe the structure and function of…
monitors what comes in and out of the cell
Describe the structure and function of…
fills all the space between the nucleus and the cell membrane
13 terms
Human Biology
muscle
nerve
neuron
brain
Muskel... n. a piece of tissue in our bodies that can squeeze (c…
Nerv... n. a string shaped tissue or lots of tissues in our bodi…
Neuron ... n. a single nerve cell
Gehirn... n. a soft organ that is the center of our nervous syst…
muscle
Muskel... n. a piece of tissue in our bodies that can squeeze (c…
nerve
Nerv... n. a string shaped tissue or lots of tissues in our bodi…
87 terms
Human Biology
away from
lungs
left
left
blood in the arteries always travels ______ the heart
In the human systemic circuit, blood will pass through all, b…
the systemic circuit leaves the heart from the __________ ven…
the aorta leaves the ______ ventricle
away from
blood in the arteries always travels ______ the heart
lungs
In the human systemic circuit, blood will pass through all, b…
30 terms
BIOLOGY- HUMAN BODY DIAGRAM
Cranium
Mandible
Clavicle
Sternum
Skull
Lower jaw
Collar bone
Breast bone
Cranium
Skull
Mandible
Lower jaw
10 terms
Biology Review: Human Systems & Homeostasis
Determination
Differentiation
Tissue
Organ
The point during development at which a cell becomes committe…
Change in structure and function of a cell as it matures; spe…
A group of similar cells that perform the same function
A collection of tissues that carry out a specialized function…
Determination
The point during development at which a cell becomes committe…
Differentiation
Change in structure and function of a cell as it matures; spe…
46 terms
IGCSE Biology - Human Reproduction
Urethra
Ovaries
Testis
Ovum
Tube which transports urine from the bladder to the outside o…
Organs which secrete oestrogen and progesterone into the bloo…
Organs which produce testosterone. Sperm are produced here.
The scientific term for the female gamete.
Urethra
Tube which transports urine from the bladder to the outside o…
Ovaries
Organs which secrete oestrogen and progesterone into the bloo…
9 terms
2.3 human biology
the process by which the body breaks d…
The process by which nutrient molecule…
the fluid released when the mouth wate…
A protein that speeds up chemical reac…
Digestion
Absorption
Saliva
Enzyme
the process by which the body breaks d…
Digestion
The process by which nutrient molecule…
Absorption
89 terms
Chapter 11- Human Biology
The four characteristics of the nervou…
The three primary functions of the ner…
Two Principle Parts of the Nervous Sys…
The CNS consists of:
Receives information... Integrates information... Is very fast... Init…
Receives info from senses... Integrates/processes info... Produces…
Central Nervous System (CNS), Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
The brain... The spinal cord
The four characteristics of the nervou…
Receives information... Integrates information... Is very fast... Init…
The three primary functions of the ner…
Receives info from senses... Integrates/processes info... Produces…
6 terms
human biology: Cells
cell membrane
mitochondria
golgi body
nucleus
a selectively permeable lipid(fat) membrane that controls whi…
the site of the aerobic phase of cellular respiration and pro…
responsible for the secretion of cell products such as protei…
contains chromosomes whose genes control the activities of th…
cell membrane
a selectively permeable lipid(fat) membrane that controls whi…
mitochondria
the site of the aerobic phase of cellular respiration and pro…
20 terms
Human Biology
Semilunar Valves
Large Valves
Ventricles
Aorta
Prevents backflow of blood into ventricles when heart relaxes
Prevents backflow of blood to atrium when ventricle contracts
Pumps blood to major artery
Transports oxygenated blood from the left ventricle to the body
Semilunar Valves
Prevents backflow of blood into ventricles when heart relaxes
Large Valves
Prevents backflow of blood to atrium when ventricle contracts
Human Biology- The Nervous System
Neurons
Nerves
Neuroglia
CNS
Transmit nerve impulses
Made up of bundles of nerve fibers
Found in brain to carry out a variety of functions to aid and…
Made up of brain and spinal cord (thinking)
Neurons
Transmit nerve impulses
Nerves
Made up of bundles of nerve fibers
15 terms
Human Biology
Endocrine system
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Excretory system
Human organ system made up of organs called glands that secre…
Human organ system made up of the heart, blood, and blood ves…
Human organ system which breaks down large food molecules int…
Human organ system that removes liquid and gaseous waste mate…
Endocrine system
Human organ system made up of organs called glands that secre…
Circulatory system
Human organ system made up of the heart, blood, and blood ves…
30 terms
Human Biology
Function of liver
Parts of the small intestine
Peristalsis
Pathway of the GI Tract
Maintain body temperature and detoxifies the blood when alcoh…
Duodenum, Ileum, and Jejunum
Involuntary movements that squeeze food and produce wave-like…
Oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, duodenum, ileum, je…
Function of liver
Maintain body temperature and detoxifies the blood when alcoh…
Parts of the small intestine
Duodenum, Ileum, and Jejunum
34 terms
Human Biology
Cephalic
Cervical
Sternal
Umbilical
Head
Neck
Breast Bone
Naval
Cephalic
Head
Cervical
Neck
13 terms
Human Biology
muscle/筋肉
nerve/神経
neuron/神経細胞
brain/... 脳
n. a piece of tissue in our bodies that can squeeze (contract…
n. a string shaped tissue or lots of tissues in our bodies th…
n. a single nerve cell
n. a soft organ that is the center of our nervous system; dif…
muscle/筋肉
n. a piece of tissue in our bodies that can squeeze (contract…
nerve/神経
n. a string shaped tissue or lots of tissues in our bodies th…
24 terms
Human biology MAP
Anatomy
Physiology
Saggital
Frontal (Coronal)
the scientific relationship of structures to each other (FORM)
The scientific study of the functioning of specific body part…
Divides a body or structure into RIGHT & LEFT halves.
FRONT & BACK halves
Anatomy
the scientific relationship of structures to each other (FORM)
Physiology
The scientific study of the functioning of specific body part…
84 terms
Human Biology
pH
What chemical bonds are involved in PR…
Functions of Enzymes
What are co-enzymes (Halo & Apo-Enzyme…
- pH = -log [H+]... -pH = pKa when the molar concentration of t…
Mostly weak, non-covalent bonds: ... 1. Electrostatic attraction…
- Speed up reaction (upto 10 the 19 faster)... - Milder physiolo…
- Co-enzymes (non-covalently bound)... - Prosthetic groups (cova…
pH
- pH = -log [H+]... -pH = pKa when the molar concentration of t…
What chemical bonds are involved in PR…
Mostly weak, non-covalent bonds: ... 1. Electrostatic attraction…
59 terms
Human Biology chapter 2
acid
atom
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
base
Proton donors, molecules that dissociate in water releasing h…
1. The smallest unit of any element that still retains the ph…
A nucleotide composed of adenosine and three phosphate groups…
A substance capable of binding with hydrogen ions. A proton a…
acid
Proton donors, molecules that dissociate in water releasing h…
atom
1. The smallest unit of any element that still retains the ph…
20 terms
Human Biology
Cytoskeleton
Ribosomes
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Centrioles
Assissts with movement in the cell
Joins with amino acids to make proteins
Provides a surface for chemical reactions to occur
Occur in animal cells and are involved in the formation of th…
Cytoskeleton
Assissts with movement in the cell
Ribosomes
Joins with amino acids to make proteins
76 terms
Human Biology
Matter
Element
Atom
Proton
Anything that takes up space and has mass.
Substance that cannot be broken down into substances with dif…
Smallest particle of an element that displays the properties…
positive subatomic particle located in the nucleus and having…
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass.
Element
Substance that cannot be broken down into substances with dif…
38 terms
Human Biology
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System
Neurons
Sensory neurons
Made up of 2 parts; the spinal cord and the brain. Receives i…
Made up of the nerves that carry messages (nerve impulses) to…
Carry electrical impulses (nerve impulses) from one part of t…
Carries information from cells in sense organs to the CNS.
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Made up of 2 parts; the spinal cord and the brain. Receives i…
Peripheral Nervous System
Made up of the nerves that carry messages (nerve impulses) to…
27 terms
Human Biology: The Muscular System
The skeletal muscle membranes
Invaginations of the cell membrane, on…
Place in the muscle fiber where Ca++ i…
The number of action potentials per se…
Acetyl- choline
Transverse (T) tubules
Sarcoplasmic reticulum
Around 100 per second... Here all evidence of relaxation in the…
The skeletal muscle membranes
Acetyl- choline
Invaginations of the cell membrane, on…
Transverse (T) tubules
34 terms
Human biology
Anatomy
Physiology
Levels of organization
Homeostasis
The study of structure - what its made of, how its shaped and…
Study of the function. How something works.
The things that make up the body from the tiny stuff to the b…
Maintenance of relatively consistent internal environment... My…
Anatomy
The study of structure - what its made of, how its shaped and…
Physiology
Study of the function. How something works.
13 terms
Human Biology
muscle
nerve
neuron
brain
n. a piece of tissue in our bodies that can squeeze (contract…
n. a string shaped tissue or lots of tissues in our bodies th…
n. a single nerve cell
n. a soft organ that is the center of our nervous system; dif…
muscle
n. a piece of tissue in our bodies that can squeeze (contract…
nerve
n. a string shaped tissue or lots of tissues in our bodies th…
22 terms
Intro to Human Biology (bones)
sternum
ribs
vertebrae
sacrum
Breastbone
12 pairs
26 bones that surround and protect the spinal cord; support f…
5 fused vertebrae
sternum
Breastbone
ribs
12 pairs
57 terms
Human Biology
Atom
Biochemistry
Proton
Neutron
Smallest particle of an element
Chemistry dealing with chemical compounds and processes in li…
Positive charge
No charge
Atom
Smallest particle of an element
Biochemistry
Chemistry dealing with chemical compounds and processes in li…
13 terms
Human BIology
Vasodilation
Mast
Immunity
Non specific
Process by which the bore of a blood vessel becomes wider
Type of cell closely related to blood cells that releases his…
The ability of the body to resist infection by a pathogen or…
Type of defence that works against any type of microbe
Vasodilation
Process by which the bore of a blood vessel becomes wider
Mast
Type of cell closely related to blood cells that releases his…
172 terms
Human Biology
Testes
Sperm
Testosterone
Seminiferous tubules
Site of sperm production
Carry half of the chromosomes for fertilisation
Stimulates male characteristics
They unite to form coiled tubes that connect to the sperm duc…
Testes
Site of sperm production
Sperm
Carry half of the chromosomes for fertilisation
250 terms
Human Biology
4 main types of tissue
muscle tissue
skeletal muscle tissue
smooth muscle tissue
muscle, nervous, epithelial, connective
composed of cells that can contract
moves bones
movements you can not control (ex: digestion)
4 main types of tissue
muscle, nervous, epithelial, connective
muscle tissue
composed of cells that can contract
10 terms
Human Biology
Nasal cavity
Pharynx
Trachea
Cartilage rings
Warms, filters and humidifies the air
Carries air from nasal cavity to trachea
Carries air from pharynx to lungs
Supports and protects trachea
Nasal cavity
Warms, filters and humidifies the air
Pharynx
Carries air from nasal cavity to trachea
48 terms
Human Biology: The Heart
The normal pace of the heart pacemaker…
Blood capillaries are made out of this…
The maximal heart rate for a human.
This branch of the autonomic nervous s…
80-90 bpm
Simple squamous
220 - your age
Parasympathethic
The normal pace of the heart pacemaker…
80-90 bpm
Blood capillaries are made out of this…
Simple squamous
36 terms
Human Biology
differential stain
haemocytometer
diluting fluid
northwest rule
a stain, such as Leishmans, make structures appear darker or…
a specialised counting chamber designed for counting blood ce…
for erythrocytes use Dacie's fluid... for leucocytes use an isot…
if a cell lies on the middle of the triple lines on the north…
differential stain
a stain, such as Leishmans, make structures appear darker or…
haemocytometer
a specialised counting chamber designed for counting blood ce…
13 terms
Human Biology
Mutations
Population
Somatic
Germ line mutation
Changes in DNA that affect genetic information
A group of organisms of the same species
Any cell in the body apart from gametes
occurs in gametes (passed onto children)
Mutations
Changes in DNA that affect genetic information
Population
A group of organisms of the same species
24 terms
Human Biology
Anatomy
Physiology
integumentary system
skeletal system
Study of the structure and the shape of the body and its part…
study of how the body and its parts work or function. physio=…
the external covering of the body
consists of bones, cartilages, ligaments and joints
Anatomy
Study of the structure and the shape of the body and its part…
Physiology
study of how the body and its parts work or function. physio=…
147 terms
Human Biology
bone functions - skeletal system
support (bones)
movement (bones)
protection (bones)
support, movement, protection, stores fat, and produces blood…
for soft tissues and pelvic girdle
provides a place for muscles to attach
protects internal organs
bone functions - skeletal system
support, movement, protection, stores fat, and produces blood…
support (bones)
for soft tissues and pelvic girdle
62 terms
Human Biology
anatomy
physiology
pathophysiology
cells, tissues, organs, systems of the…
the study of the structure of the body
the study of the function of the body
the study of disease processes and how it affects the body's…
levels of organization: small to large
anatomy
the study of the structure of the body
physiology
the study of the function of the body
15 terms
Human Biology
Emulsify
Gamete
Identical twins
Gestation
To make particles of one liquid small enough to be suspended…
Sex cells such as sperm and eggs, containing half the normal…
Twins which have arisen from a single egg and single sperm
The carrying of an embryo or foetus within the uterus of a fe…
Emulsify
To make particles of one liquid small enough to be suspended…
Gamete
Sex cells such as sperm and eggs, containing half the normal…
27 terms
Human biology
Biological determinism
Nurture or "Blank State"
Ecology
Proton
Determined how an individual behaves or changes over time
Humans acquire all or almost all their behaviorist traits fro…
Biological traits more or less common in a population as a fu…
-1 and a mass 1/1836th
Biological determinism
Determined how an individual behaves or changes over time
Nurture or "Blank State"
Humans acquire all or almost all their behaviorist traits fro…
159 terms
Human Biology definitions
Acetabulum
Acheulian tool
Action potential
Active immunity
The socket of the pelvis in which the head of the thigh bone…
Type of hand axe that was flaked all around the edges, first…
When sodium ions move into a nerve cell at a particular place…
Immunity produced by the body manufacturing antibodies itself…
Acetabulum
The socket of the pelvis in which the head of the thigh bone…
Acheulian tool
Type of hand axe that was flaked all around the edges, first…
14 terms
human biology
nerves
senses
organs
skin
pathways that help information travel to the brain
hear ,smell,touch see taste
parts of the body that do a special job
the biggest organ in the body
nerves
pathways that help information travel to the brain
senses
hear ,smell,touch see taste
15 terms
Human Biology Human Organization.
Atoms are joined to
Molecules & _______ make up a cell
Cell
Tissue
molecules
atoms
the smallest structural and functional unit of all organisms
A group of similar cells that perform a particular function.
Atoms are joined to
molecules
Molecules & _______ make up a cell
atoms
23 terms
Human Biology
Capacitation Reaction
Acrosome Reaction
Countercurrant Flow
Crossing Over
Removal of cholestrol and some glycoprotiens from membrance a…
Releases enzymes from acrosome to digest way through jelly co…
Mother and fetal blood flow in opposite direction to ensure c…
Prophase 1, new combinations of allels produced ( how sperm a…
Capacitation Reaction
Removal of cholestrol and some glycoprotiens from membrance a…
Acrosome Reaction
Releases enzymes from acrosome to digest way through jelly co…
52 terms
Human biology
1. How many pairs of chromosomes do hu…
2. What are female chromosomes?
3. What are male chromosomes?
4. What do diseases do?
23
X chromosomes; typically have 23 similar pairs
One X and one Y. Males typically have 22 pairs
They compromise the body's defense system
1. How many pairs of chromosomes do hu…
23
2. What are female chromosomes?
X chromosomes; typically have 23 similar pairs
87 terms
Human Biology
Anatomy
physiology
four types of tissues
simple epithelium
the study of structure of an organism
the study of functions an organism performs
epithelial, connective, nervous, muscle
single layer
Anatomy
the study of structure of an organism
physiology
the study of functions an organism performs
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