Study sets matching "human biology"

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Study sets matching "human biology"

244 terms
BIOLOGY 301 - Human Anatomy
What is anatomy?
Gross Anatomy
Microscopic Anatomy
Organizational Levels Of Living Organi…
The study of structure of a living organism and it's componen…
regional and systemic
Histology
Moleculular --> Cellular--> Tissue-->Organs--> Systems --> Sy…
What is anatomy?
The study of structure of a living organism and it's componen…
Gross Anatomy
regional and systemic
Human biology
Anatomy
Physiology
Cytology
Histology
Study of structure and parts
How the body works
Study of cells
Study of tissues
Anatomy
Study of structure and parts
Physiology
How the body works
19 terms
Human Biology-- Chapter 2
Functional Foods
Dietary Supplements
Matter
Element
Food or drink products that are said to have benefits beyond…
Products that are not normally part of the diet, but you choo…
Anything that has mass and occupies space.
A fundamental form of matter that cannot be broken down to a…
Functional Foods
Food or drink products that are said to have benefits beyond…
Dietary Supplements
Products that are not normally part of the diet, but you choo…
208 terms
Human Biology
define life
6 traits that define life
how to classify life
list 8 taxonomic groups least to most…
traits that all living things share
organized and self assemble, homeostatic, acquire materials a…
taxonomic groups
domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species
define life
traits that all living things share
6 traits that define life
organized and self assemble, homeostatic, acquire materials a…
57 terms
Human Biology
addiction
allergy
antibody
antigen
being abnormally tolerant to and dependent on something that…
a damaging immune response by the body to a substance to whic…
a blood protein produced in response to and counteracting a s…
a toxin or other foreign substance that induces an immune res…
addiction
being abnormally tolerant to and dependent on something that…
allergy
a damaging immune response by the body to a substance to whic…
84 terms
Human Biology
pH
What chemical bonds are involved in PR…
Functions of Enzymes
What are co-enzymes (Halo & Apo-Enzyme…
- pH = -log [H+]... -pH = pKa when the molar concentration of t…
Mostly weak, non-covalent bonds: ... 1. Electrostatic attraction…
- Speed up reaction (upto 10 the 19 faster)... - Milder physiolo…
- Co-enzymes (non-covalently bound)... - Prosthetic groups (cova…
pH
- pH = -log [H+]... -pH = pKa when the molar concentration of t…
What chemical bonds are involved in PR…
Mostly weak, non-covalent bonds: ... 1. Electrostatic attraction…
29 terms
Human Biology-- Chapter 1
Science
Biology
Metabolism
Cell
Study of the natural world
The study of living organisms and life's processes.
The physical and chemical processes involved in transforming…
The smallest unit that exhibits all the characteristics of life
Science
Study of the natural world
Biology
The study of living organisms and life's processes.
30 terms
BIOLOGY- HUMAN BODY DIAGRAM
Cranium
Mandible
Clavicle
Sternum
Skull
Lower jaw
Collar bone
Breast bone
Cranium
Skull
Mandible
Lower jaw
46 terms
IGCSE Biology - Human Reproduction
Urethra
Ovaries
Testis
Ovum
Tube which transports urine from the bladder to the outside o…
Organs which secrete oestrogen and progesterone into the bloo…
Organs which produce testosterone. Sperm are produced here.
The scientific term for the female gamete.
Urethra
Tube which transports urine from the bladder to the outside o…
Ovaries
Organs which secrete oestrogen and progesterone into the bloo…
46 terms
Biology: Human Genetics
diploid zygote
autosome
sex chromosomes
X-linked
fertilized egg
remaining chromosomes not directly involved in determining th…
determine an individual's sex
genes located on the X chromosome
diploid zygote
fertilized egg
autosome
remaining chromosomes not directly involved in determining th…
10 terms
Biology Review: Human Systems & Homeostasis
Determination
Differentiation
Tissue
Organ
The point during development at which a cell becomes committe…
Change in structure and function of a cell as it matures; spe…
A group of similar cells that perform the same function
A collection of tissues that carry out a specialized function…
Determination
The point during development at which a cell becomes committe…
Differentiation
Change in structure and function of a cell as it matures; spe…
52 terms
Human biology
1. How many pairs of chromosomes do hu…
2. What are female chromosomes?
3. What are male chromosomes?
4. What do diseases do?
23
X chromosomes; typically have 23 similar pairs
One X and one Y. Males typically have 22 pairs
They compromise the body's defense system
1. How many pairs of chromosomes do hu…
23
2. What are female chromosomes?
X chromosomes; typically have 23 similar pairs
20 terms
Biology - Human Anatomy - Muscles
Temporalis
Orbicularis Oculi
Orbicularis Oris
Pectoralis Major
Involved with closing the mouth and chewing.... Remember: When…
Muscle that closes your eyelids, and it arises from the nasal…
The Orbicularis Oris controls the movement of your mouth and…
The bulk muscle in your chest... Remember: Like your pecs.
Temporalis
Involved with closing the mouth and chewing.... Remember: When…
Orbicularis Oculi
Muscle that closes your eyelids, and it arises from the nasal…
13 terms
Human Biology
muscle
nerve
neuron
brain
n. a piece of tissue in our bodies that can squeeze (contract…
n. a string shaped tissue or lots of tissues in our bodies th…
n. a single nerve cell
n. a soft organ that is the center of our nervous system; dif…
muscle
n. a piece of tissue in our bodies that can squeeze (contract…
nerve
n. a string shaped tissue or lots of tissues in our bodies th…
9 terms
2.3 human biology
the process by which the body breaks d…
The process by which nutrient molecule…
the fluid released when the mouth wate…
A protein that speeds up chemical reac…
Digestion
Absorption
Saliva
Enzyme
the process by which the body breaks d…
Digestion
The process by which nutrient molecule…
Absorption
21 terms
Human Biology: The Immune System
This is a protein made by T cytotoxic…
This immune cell is the "quarterback"…
When B cells become activated by encou…
When B cells become activated by encou…
Perforin
T helper cells
Plasma cells
Memory cells
This is a protein made by T cytotoxic…
Perforin
This immune cell is the "quarterback"…
T helper cells
52 terms
Human Biology: The Nervous System
The 2 parts of the Nervous System
The three types of neurons
Functions of sensory neurons
Functions of Interneurons
CNS - the Central Nervous System, which is the brain and spin…
Sensory Neurons... Interneurons... Motor Neurons
Sensory neurons takes information from peripheral receptors a…
Interneurons receive sensory input from sensory neurons and a…
The 2 parts of the Nervous System
CNS - the Central Nervous System, which is the brain and spin…
The three types of neurons
Sensory Neurons... Interneurons... Motor Neurons
60 terms
Human Biology
What does Nervous tissue do?
Made from a single layer of flat cells.
Found in air sacs in the lungs and blo…
Stratified Squamous Epithelium
Conducts electrochemical impulses important for communication.
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Made from many layers of flat cells.
What does Nervous tissue do?
Conducts electrochemical impulses important for communication.
Made from a single layer of flat cells.
Simple Squamous Epithelium
39 terms
Human Biology
Human Biology
Anatomy
Physiology
Order starting at cells
the study of the anatomy and physiology of human body systems
the study of structure of an organism
Study of functions an organism performs
cells, tissues, organs, organ systems
Human Biology
the study of the anatomy and physiology of human body systems
Anatomy
the study of structure of an organism
Human Biology
Basic Body Plan
Cavities
Dorsal (posterior) cavity
Ventral(Anterior) cavity
Body is divided into different components: Cavities,tissues,…
Spaces that house internal organs.... 2 types of cavities: Dorsa…
Subdivided into cranial and vertebral cavity.... - Cranial: Hous…
- Thoracic cavity: Houses organs that are in the cardiovascul…
Basic Body Plan
Body is divided into different components: Cavities,tissues,…
Cavities
Spaces that house internal organs.... 2 types of cavities: Dorsa…
57 terms
Human Biology Chapter 2
Atoms
What does an atom consist of?
Proton
Neutron
fundamental building block of all matter
Proton, neutron and electron
positively charged subatomic particle that occurs in nucleus…
uncharged subatomic particle in atomic nucleus
Atoms
fundamental building block of all matter
What does an atom consist of?
Proton, neutron and electron
9 terms
Human Biology
What is metabolism
Homeostasis
What does the atomic number tell us ab…
What is an ion?
The physical and chemical processes involved in transforming…
Maintenance of a relatively constant internal environment.
The atomic number tells us the number of protons and neutrons…
An electrically charged atom or molecule.
What is metabolism
The physical and chemical processes involved in transforming…
Homeostasis
Maintenance of a relatively constant internal environment.
7 terms
Human Biology 6 - Enzymes
Enzymes
Metabolism
Metabolic Pathways
Substrates
Proteins that provide increased contact between molecules tha…
All the chemical reactions that occur within cells
An orderly sequence of reactions that produce a final product
Reactants that bind to the active sites of enzymes... Complement…
Enzymes
Proteins that provide increased contact between molecules tha…
Metabolism
All the chemical reactions that occur within cells
35 terms
Human Biology Chapter 5
Membrane potential
Excitable cell
Neuron
Action potential
Voltage that exists going from outside to inside of an organe…
Entity capable of propagating action potentials.
Type of animal cell capable particularly of transmitting elec…
Propagatable depolarization of the plasma membrane of an exci…
Membrane potential
Voltage that exists going from outside to inside of an organe…
Excitable cell
Entity capable of propagating action potentials.
12 terms
Human Biology 1
Element
Atom
Protons
Neutrons
Substance that contains only one atom
Smallest stable unit of matter that cannot be divided by ordi…
Positive
Neutral/Uncharged
Element
Substance that contains only one atom
Atom
Smallest stable unit of matter that cannot be divided by ordi…
37 terms
CHS Biology - Human Biology - Kessler
four types of tissue
three types of muscle
use your skeletal coloring sheet to fi…
three components of integumentary system
muscle, nervous, epithelial, connective
skeletal, cardiac, smooth
scapula, sternum, ribs, vertebra, ilium, ischium, pubis, skul…
skin, hair, nails
four types of tissue
muscle, nervous, epithelial, connective
three types of muscle
skeletal, cardiac, smooth
6 terms
human biology
skin cells
cardiovascular system
tissue
homeostasis
2 regions of the skin: ... epidermis, dermis
3 functions: transport,protection,regulation
4 major types : connective,muscular,nervous,epithelial
It is the ability to maintain a relatively constant internal…
skin cells
2 regions of the skin: ... epidermis, dermis
cardiovascular system
3 functions: transport,protection,regulation
34 terms
Human Biology Chapter 6
Brain
Gray matter
White matter
Cerebrum
Animal body principal control center.
That aspect of the central nervous system that is rich in cel…
That aspect of the central nervous system that is rich in mye…
Part of the brain responsible for highest levels of integrati…
Brain
Animal body principal control center.
Gray matter
That aspect of the central nervous system that is rich in cel…
14 terms
Human Biology - Tissues
Histology
Tissues
Epithelial Tissue (Functions)
Epithelial Tissue (Locations)
Study of tissues
groups of cells which are similar in structure and which perf…
Covering. Protects body from physical and chemical harm and f…
Outer layer of skin. Covers outside of lung. Covering and inn…
Histology
Study of tissues
Tissues
groups of cells which are similar in structure and which perf…
Biology Human Anatomy Notes
Skeletal System
Appendicular Skeleton
Axial Skeleton
Cartilage
Includes bones and connective tissues holding bones together.…
Legs, Arms, Feet, and hands. Pelvic and pectoral girdles.
Skull (24), Vertebrae (33), Ribs (24), Sternum (3).
flexible tissue that cushions your joints.
Skeletal System
Includes bones and connective tissues holding bones together.…
Appendicular Skeleton
Legs, Arms, Feet, and hands. Pelvic and pectoral girdles.
68 terms
Human Biology
How many total cells are in the human…
What are four tissue types
What is epithelial tissue
what is muscle tissue
trillions
epithelial, muscle, nervous, and connective
surface tissue for protection
movement tissue
How many total cells are in the human…
trillions
What are four tissue types
epithelial, muscle, nervous, and connective
130 terms
Human Biology Unit 2
Genes
Genes
Chromosomes
Genome
Segments of DNA that carry information that can be passed fro…
Segment of DNA that encodes a protein.
Long stretches of genes.
An organisms full set of chromosomes.
Genes
Segments of DNA that carry information that can be passed fro…
Genes
Segment of DNA that encodes a protein.
Human Biology
Cephalic
Cervical
Sternal
Umbilical
Head
Neck
Breast Bone
Naval
Cephalic
Head
Cervical
Neck
15 terms
Biology 20: Human systems
Cardiac muscle
Smooth muscle
Skeletal muscle
Striated muscle
found in the walls of the heart
in the walls of internal organs and blood vessels (stomach, i…
attached to tendon/bone and forms the basic machinery for mus…
organized arrangements of contractile proteins that are marke…
Cardiac muscle
found in the walls of the heart
Smooth muscle
in the walls of internal organs and blood vessels (stomach, i…
61 terms
Human Biology Immune System
immune system
"immunity"
pathogens arediverse
bacteria
protects us from pathogens -disease causing organisms, etc.
refers to our body's ability to resist pathogens and remain f…
bacteria... viruses... protazoans... fungi... invertebrate worms... prions
small, single celled Prokaryotic organisms... most are harmless…
immune system
protects us from pathogens -disease causing organisms, etc.
"immunity"
refers to our body's ability to resist pathogens and remain f…
17 terms
Human Biology
What are the 6 characteristics of life?
What are the characteristics of humans?
How important is the ability to hold s…
Difference between the grasp of chimp…
Organized, Aquire materials and energy, homeostasis, Respond…
A) Biological: Bi-pedal (2-legs), opposable thumbs, large bra…
...
...
What are the 6 characteristics of life?
Organized, Aquire materials and energy, homeostasis, Respond…
What are the characteristics of humans?
A) Biological: Bi-pedal (2-legs), opposable thumbs, large bra…
9 terms
Human Biology 1.1
Cell biology
Characteristics of Life
Homeostasis
Cells
The study of human life
Respond to external stimuli... Alter their environment ... Sense th…
Maintaining a constant internal environment
Smallest unit of life, contained in a membrane or cell wall
Cell biology
The study of human life
Characteristics of Life
Respond to external stimuli... Alter their environment ... Sense th…
23 terms
Chapter 15 Human Biology
capsid
viral envelope
protozoa
parasite
the genetic information concept containing genes, surrounded…
membrane that covers the capsid
single celled eukaryotic organisms, many inhibit the intestin…
organism that lives within the body of another, often causing…
capsid
the genetic information concept containing genes, surrounded…
viral envelope
membrane that covers the capsid
33 terms
Human Biology Chapter 1
Science
Biology
Metabolism
Homeostasis
the study of the natural world (which includes all matter and…
the study of living organisms and life's processes.
the physical and chemical processes involved in transforming…
the maintenance of a relatively constant internal environment.
Science
the study of the natural world (which includes all matter and…
Biology
the study of living organisms and life's processes.
26 terms
Human Biology 12 - Blood
Blood Cellular Component
Blood Fluid Components
Blood
Blood Plasma
Blood cells... 45% of blood in average person
Blood plasma... 90%+ is water... Other 10% is salts, ions, proteins…
Formed elements and blood plasma
Blood minus formed elements
Blood Cellular Component
Blood cells... 45% of blood in average person
Blood Fluid Components
Blood plasma... 90%+ is water... Other 10% is salts, ions, proteins…
34 terms
Human Biology
Biceps Brachii
Triceps Brachii
Deltoid
Trapezius
Biceps Brachii
Triceps Brachii
33 terms
Human Biology Chapter 5
Bones
Compact Bone
Spongy Bone
Osteocytes
a living tissue that contains several types of living cells i…
forms the shaft and covers each end of a long bone.
is less dense that compact bone, allowing the bones to be lig…
mature bone cells that maintain the structure of bone.
Bones
a living tissue that contains several types of living cells i…
Compact Bone
forms the shaft and covers each end of a long bone.
53 terms
Human Biology
Describe the structure and function of…
Describe the structure and function of…
Describe the structure and function of…
Describe the structure and function of…
monitors what comes in and out of the cell
fills all the space between the nucleus and the cell membrane
holds DNA
makes protein
Describe the structure and function of…
monitors what comes in and out of the cell
Describe the structure and function of…
fills all the space between the nucleus and the cell membrane
59 terms
Human Biology chapter 2
acid
atom
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
base
Proton donors, molecules that dissociate in water releasing h…
1. The smallest unit of any element that still retains the ph…
A nucleotide composed of adenosine and three phosphate groups…
A substance capable of binding with hydrogen ions. A proton a…
acid
Proton donors, molecules that dissociate in water releasing h…
atom
1. The smallest unit of any element that still retains the ph…
104 terms
Human Biology Definitions
Biodiversity
Taxonomy
Domain
Kingdom
The variety of life in the world or in a particular habitat o…
The branch of science concerned with classification, especial…
In biological taxonomy, a domain is the highest taxonomic ran…
The highest classification into which living organisms are gr…
Biodiversity
The variety of life in the world or in a particular habitat o…
Taxonomy
The branch of science concerned with classification, especial…
Chapter 14 Human Biology
Digestive System
Lumen
Mouth
Pharynx
Composed of the alimentary canal and accessory structures. Mo…
the pathway in blood vessels in which the blood moves through
Oral
An area in the vertebrate throat where air and food passages…
Digestive System
Composed of the alimentary canal and accessory structures. Mo…
Lumen
the pathway in blood vessels in which the blood moves through
55 terms
Biology human
How are living things organized?
What are the four types of tissue?
Epithelial tissue
Connective tissue
Cells... Tissues... Organs... Organ system
Epithelial tissue ... Connective tissue ... Nervous tissue ... Muscle…
-lines body surfaces ... -protection, absorption, excretion ... Exa…
-structure and support ... Example: fat cells, bone cells, blood…
How are living things organized?
Cells... Tissues... Organs... Organ system
What are the four types of tissue?
Epithelial tissue ... Connective tissue ... Nervous tissue ... Muscle…
Human Biology
Cytoskeleton
Ribosomes
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Centrioles
Assissts with movement in the cell
Joins with amino acids to make proteins
Provides a surface for chemical reactions to occur
Occur in animal cells and are involved in the formation of th…
Cytoskeleton
Assissts with movement in the cell
Ribosomes
Joins with amino acids to make proteins
60 terms
Human Biology
Word equation for respiration
what cell does respiration occur in
What is breathing
Describe the structure and function of…
glucose + oxygen -> energy + water + carbon dioxide
Mitochondria
Inhalation and Exhalation of air into and out of the lungs
Warms, filters, moistens inhaled air. Smell.
Word equation for respiration
glucose + oxygen -> energy + water + carbon dioxide
what cell does respiration occur in
Mitochondria
Human Biology
neuron
myelin
nodes of fravier
neuroglial cells
...
...
...
...
neuron
...
myelin
...
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