How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "human biology"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "human biology"

68 terms
Human Biology
How many total cells are in the human…
What are four tissue types
What is epithelial tissue
what is muscle tissue
trillions
epithelial, muscle, nervous, and connective
surface tissue for protection
movement tissue
How many total cells are in the human…
trillions
What are four tissue types
epithelial, muscle, nervous, and connective
76 terms
Human biology
Takes air into and out of the body so…
Thorax
Diaphragm
The intercostal muscles contract, pull…
What does the respiratory system do
Where are the lungs
What separates the lungs from the abdomen
To inhale
Takes air into and out of the body so…
What does the respiratory system do
Thorax
Where are the lungs
121 terms
Biology Human Anatomy
Anatomical Position
Superior
Inferior
Proximal
To stand erect with arms at the sides and palms of the hands…
Higher on the body, nearer to the head
Lower on the body, farther from the head
Closer to the point of attachment
Anatomical Position
To stand erect with arms at the sides and palms of the hands…
Superior
Higher on the body, nearer to the head
10 terms
Human Biology
A covalent bond is formed by:
A soulution with a pH less than 7 is c…
Fats
An element identify is defined by its:
The sharing of electrons between atoms.
Acids; H+
Provides a way to store large amount of energy and provide th…
Proton.
A covalent bond is formed by:
The sharing of electrons between atoms.
A soulution with a pH less than 7 is c…
Acids; H+
15 terms
Year 9 Human Biology
Skeleton
Muscle
Respiratory system
Digestive system
The 206 bones found in an adult (there are 270 in a baby).
A tissues made of fibres which expand and contract.
The trachea, lungs and diaphragm will allow us to breathe.
The mouth, oesophagus, stomach and intestines which digest fo…
Skeleton
The 206 bones found in an adult (there are 270 in a baby).
Muscle
A tissues made of fibres which expand and contract.
14 terms
Visualizing Human Biology - Chapter 5: Tissues
microvilli
avascular
trachea
epiglottis
Small hair-like folds of the cell membrane that increase the…
Without blood vessels.
The main trunk of the respiratory tree.
A large, leaf-shaped piece of cartilage that lies over the to…
microvilli
Small hair-like folds of the cell membrane that increase the…
avascular
Without blood vessels.
47 terms
Human Biology: Human Health
Genetic engineering
Biotechnology
Recombinant DNA
5 applications of genetic engineering
is the alteration of an organism's genome using molecular bio…
is the use of living organisms to create products that improv…
Dna that has been recombined from different sources to form s…
1. Biopharmaceuticals ... 2. Food production ... 3. Medical diagnos…
Genetic engineering
is the alteration of an organism's genome using molecular bio…
Biotechnology
is the use of living organisms to create products that improv…
60 terms
Human Biology
Word equation for respiration
what cell does respiration occur in
What is breathing
Describe the structure and function of…
glucose + oxygen -> energy + water + carbon dioxide
Mitochondria
Inhalation and Exhalation of air into and out of the lungs
Warms, filters, moistens inhaled air. Smell.
Word equation for respiration
glucose + oxygen -> energy + water + carbon dioxide
what cell does respiration occur in
Mitochondria
65 terms
Biology Human
Medulla
Cerebellum
Cerebral cortex
Sensory, relay and motor
The part of the brain involved in unconscious activities
The part of the brain which is mainly involved in muscular ac…
The part of the brain involved in unconscious activities such…
The name of the neutrons, in the correct sequence, that are i…
Medulla
The part of the brain involved in unconscious activities
Cerebellum
The part of the brain which is mainly involved in muscular ac…
54 terms
Human Biology Muscles
Frontalis
Orbicularis Oculi
Orbicularis Oris
Buccinator
Frontalis
Orbicularis Oculi
16 terms
Intro to Human Biology (muscles)
triceps brachii
pectoralis major
serratus anterior
external oblique
triceps brachii
pectoralis major
38 terms
Year 10 Human Biology
gas exchange
cartilage
trachea
Bronchi
the process of obtaining oxygen from the environment and rele…
A tissue that is more flexible than bone and that protects th…
The windpipe
Airways in the lungs that lead from the trachea to the bronch…
gas exchange
the process of obtaining oxygen from the environment and rele…
cartilage
A tissue that is more flexible than bone and that protects th…
76 terms
Biology (human)
Fallopian Tubes
Uterus
Vaginal Opening
Clitoris
Site of fertilisation, egg cells are carried to the uterus th…
Site of implantation of the fertilised egg. development of th…
The exterior opening to the vagina.
Sensitive tissue.
Fallopian Tubes
Site of fertilisation, egg cells are carried to the uterus th…
Uterus
Site of implantation of the fertilised egg. development of th…
14 terms
Human Biology
Tissues
Organs
Organ system
Homeostasis
Cells of the same type working together.
Different tissues working together
Different organs working together
Balance is maintained by the interactions of a organ systems.
Tissues
Cells of the same type working together.
Organs
Different tissues working together
52 terms
Human Biology: The Nervous System
The 2 parts of the Nervous System
The three types of neurons
Functions of sensory neurons
Functions of Interneurons
CNS - the Central Nervous System, which is the brain and spin…
Sensory Neurons... Interneurons... Motor Neurons
Sensory neurons takes information from peripheral receptors a…
Interneurons receive sensory input from sensory neurons and a…
The 2 parts of the Nervous System
CNS - the Central Nervous System, which is the brain and spin…
The three types of neurons
Sensory Neurons... Interneurons... Motor Neurons
22 terms
Human Biology
What are the characteristics of life?
Homeostasis
Taxonomy
Are viruses living?
- Reproducing... - A high degree of organization... - Acquiring and…
Staying balanced
Classification of organisms into groups with similar characte…
No
What are the characteristics of life?
- Reproducing... - A high degree of organization... - Acquiring and…
Homeostasis
Staying balanced
42 terms
Human Biology
Anatomy
Physiology
Homeostasis
The Chemical Level
The study of structure and the relationships among structures
The study of how body structures functions
Balance. Equilibrium.
Atoms, the smallest units of matter that participate in chemi…
Anatomy
The study of structure and the relationships among structures
Physiology
The study of how body structures functions
50 terms
Human Biology
Actin filament
Intermediate filament
Microtubule
Cilia
component of the cytoskeleton; functions in contraction of mu…
component of the cytoskeleton; gives the cell strenth
component of the cytoskeleton; comprises the mitotic spindle…
hair-like extensions of the plasma memebrane that are found i…
Actin filament
component of the cytoskeleton; functions in contraction of mu…
Intermediate filament
component of the cytoskeleton; gives the cell strenth
62 terms
Human Biology - Introduction to Biology
Biology
Cell
Cell Membrane (Plasma Membrane)
Cytoplasm
The study of all... living organisms
Smallest unit of life
Controls what enters... and leaves a cell
Fluid and structures... within a cell
Biology
The study of all... living organisms
Cell
Smallest unit of life
27 terms
Human biology
Anatomy
Physiology
Cytology
Histology
Study of structure and parts
How the body works
Study of cells
Study of tissues
Anatomy
Study of structure and parts
Physiology
How the body works
18 terms
Human biology
Tissue
Fibers, glue-like substance, plasma me…
Epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous
Simple
Cooperative unit of very similar cells that perform a specifi…
Cells of tissues may be held together by:
Four main types of tissues
One layer
Tissue
Cooperative unit of very similar cells that perform a specifi…
Fibers, glue-like substance, plasma me…
Cells of tissues may be held together by:
74 terms
Human Biology
autotroph
photosynthesis formula
heterotroph
Six basic human nutrients
- inorganic to organic ... - plant... - photosynthesis
- 6CO2+6H2O--> C6H12O6+6O2
- respiration... -animals... - most bacteria... - most protists
protein... carbohydrate... lipids(fat)... vitamins... minerals... water
autotroph
- inorganic to organic ... - plant... - photosynthesis
photosynthesis formula
- 6CO2+6H2O--> C6H12O6+6O2
34 terms
Human Biology
Label the organelles of a cell.
What are the common structures in most…
What are the four structural levels of…
What are the major functions of the ce…
1. Cell membrane... 2. Cytoplasm... 3. Organelles... 4. Cytoskeleton... 5…
Largest > Smallest... Organisms... System... Organs... Tissues... Cells
1. A physical barrier - Separates the cytoplasm from the surr…
Label the organelles of a cell.
What are the common structures in most…
1. Cell membrane... 2. Cytoplasm... 3. Organelles... 4. Cytoskeleton... 5…
10 terms
Human biology.
Which 2 gases are associated with phot…
The first trophic level always contains?
Which blood vessel carries blood from…
Gas exchange occurs by ?
Oxygen and carbon dioxide
Producer.
Pulmonary vein
Diffusion
Which 2 gases are associated with phot…
Oxygen and carbon dioxide
The first trophic level always contains?
Producer.
37 terms
CHS Biology - Human Biology - Kessler
four types of tissue
three types of muscle
use your skeletal coloring sheet to fi…
three components of integumentary system
muscle, nervous, epithelial, connective
skeletal, cardiac, smooth
scapula, sternum, ribs, vertebra, ilium, ischium, pubis, skul…
skin, hair, nails
four types of tissue
muscle, nervous, epithelial, connective
three types of muscle
skeletal, cardiac, smooth
49 terms
Human Biology: Human Ecology
Ecological Footprint (def.)
Biocapacity (def.)
Assumptions of Ecological Footprint
Ecological Footprint (equation)
amount of biologically productive land and water area require…
the amount of productive area that is available to generate t…
1. The majority of the resources people consume and the waste…
EFc = EFp +EFi - EFe... c=consumption... p=production... i=imported... e…
Ecological Footprint (def.)
amount of biologically productive land and water area require…
Biocapacity (def.)
the amount of productive area that is available to generate t…
41 terms
Human Biology
anatomy
Physiology
Epithelial Tissue
Simple epithelium
study of structure of an organism
Study of functions an organism performs
Tightly packed tissue that cover the outside of body and line…
single layer of epithelium tissue
anatomy
study of structure of an organism
Physiology
Study of functions an organism performs
67 terms
Human Biology Key Definitions
Gene
Allele
Locus
Phenotype
A length of DNA which codes for the production of a particula…
One of the different forms of a gene which occupy the same lo…
The position on a chromosome at which a particular gene is fo…
A person's observable characteristics, resulting from an inte…
Gene
A length of DNA which codes for the production of a particula…
Allele
One of the different forms of a gene which occupy the same lo…
57 terms
Human Biology
addiction
allergy
antibody
antigen
being abnormally tolerant to and dependent on something that…
a damaging immune response by the body to a substance to whic…
a blood protein produced in response to and counteracting a s…
a toxin or other foreign substance that induces an immune res…
addiction
being abnormally tolerant to and dependent on something that…
allergy
a damaging immune response by the body to a substance to whic…
28 terms
Unit 5 Muscles Human Biology
orbicularis oculi
orbicularis oris
epicranius frontalis
epicranius occiptalis
orbicularis oculi
orbicularis oris
169 terms
Human Biology
define life
6 traits that define life
how to classify life
list 8 taxonomic groups least to most…
traits that all living things share
organized and self assemble, homeostatic, acquire materials a…
taxonomic groups
domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species
define life
traits that all living things share
6 traits that define life
organized and self assemble, homeostatic, acquire materials a…
36 terms
Biology Human Anatomy Notes
Skeletal System
Appendicular Skeleton
Axial Skeleton
Cartilage
Includes bones and connective tissues holding bones together.…
Legs, Arms, Feet, and hands. Pelvic and pectoral girdles.
Skull (24), Vertebrae (33), Ribs (24), Sternum (3).
flexible tissue that cushions your joints.
Skeletal System
Includes bones and connective tissues holding bones together.…
Appendicular Skeleton
Legs, Arms, Feet, and hands. Pelvic and pectoral girdles.
130 terms
Human Biology Unit 2
Genes
Genes
Chromosomes
Genome
Segments of DNA that carry information that can be passed fro…
Segment of DNA that encodes a protein.
Long stretches of genes.
An organisms full set of chromosomes.
Genes
Segments of DNA that carry information that can be passed fro…
Genes
Segment of DNA that encodes a protein.
104 terms
Human Biology Definitions
Biodiversity
Taxonomy
Domain
Kingdom
The variety of life in the world or in a particular habitat o…
The branch of science concerned with classification, especial…
In biological taxonomy, a domain is the highest taxonomic ran…
The highest classification into which living organisms are gr…
Biodiversity
The variety of life in the world or in a particular habitat o…
Taxonomy
The branch of science concerned with classification, especial…
59 terms
Human Biology chapter 2
acid
atom
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
base
Proton donors, molecules that dissociate in water releasing h…
1. The smallest unit of any element that still retains the ph…
A nucleotide composed of adenosine and three phosphate groups…
A substance capable of binding with hydrogen ions. A proton a…
acid
Proton donors, molecules that dissociate in water releasing h…
atom
1. The smallest unit of any element that still retains the ph…
21 terms
Human Biology: The Immune System
This is a protein made by T cytotoxic…
This immune cell is the "quarterback"…
When B cells become activated by encou…
When B cells become activated by encou…
Perforin
T helper cells
Plasma cells
Memory cells
This is a protein made by T cytotoxic…
Perforin
This immune cell is the "quarterback"…
T helper cells
22 terms
Human Biology Chapter 7
neuron
neuroglial cell
sensory neuron
motor neuron
Nerve cells involved in intercellular communication. A neuron…
Cells of the nervous system that support, insulate, and prote…
A nerve cell specialized to conduct nerve impulses from the s…
A neuron specialized to carry information away from the centr…
neuron
Nerve cells involved in intercellular communication. A neuron…
neuroglial cell
Cells of the nervous system that support, insulate, and prote…
60 terms
Human Biology
What does Nervous tissue do?
Made from a single layer of flat cells.
Found in air sacs in the lungs and blo…
Stratified Squamous Epithelium
Conducts electrochemical impulses important for communication.
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Made from many layers of flat cells.
What does Nervous tissue do?
Conducts electrochemical impulses important for communication.
Made from a single layer of flat cells.
Simple Squamous Epithelium
9 terms
Human Biology
What is metabolism
Homeostasis
What does the atomic number tell us ab…
What is an ion?
The physical and chemical processes involved in transforming…
Maintenance of a relatively constant internal environment.
The atomic number tells us the number of protons and neutrons…
An electrically charged atom or molecule.
What is metabolism
The physical and chemical processes involved in transforming…
Homeostasis
Maintenance of a relatively constant internal environment.
39 terms
Human Biology
Human Biology
Anatomy
Physiology
Order starting at cells
the study of the anatomy and physiology of human body systems
the study of structure of an organism
Study of functions an organism performs
cells, tissues, organs, organ systems
Human Biology
the study of the anatomy and physiology of human body systems
Anatomy
the study of structure of an organism
169 terms
Human Biology Test 1
Characteristics of life
Negative Feedback
Positive Feedback
sequence in feedback loop
1. Respond to external stimuli ... 2. Alter the environment ... 3.…
a series of events that reduce or eliminate the changes detec…
a series of events that amplify the stimulus detected by a re…
1. Some stimulus disrupts homeostasis... 2. Receptors monitor ev…
Characteristics of life
1. Respond to external stimuli ... 2. Alter the environment ... 3.…
Negative Feedback
a series of events that reduce or eliminate the changes detec…
212 terms
Some Introductory Human Biology Terms and Illustrations
polar
nonpolar
solute
solvent
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Something dissolved in a solution.
Dissolving agent of a solution.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
32 terms
Human Biology
Compare eukaryotic with prokaryotic
Explain the importance of cell size
Explain microscopy
Explain a cells structure
eukaryotic cells are more complex, larger, and have membrane…
The small size of cells is dictated by a physical relationshi…
Micrographs are photographs taken through a microscope. Eukar…
A cell's structure reflects its specific function.
Compare eukaryotic with prokaryotic
eukaryotic cells are more complex, larger, and have membrane…
Explain the importance of cell size
The small size of cells is dictated by a physical relationshi…
BI107 Human Biology - Tissues
Tissue
Histology
4 Types of tissue
Epithelial Tissue
Is two or more cells with a similar function
Is the study of tissue
1. Connective Tissue... 2. Epithelial Tissue... 3. Muscular Tissue…
The function is to line and protect body surfaces, they are a…
Tissue
Is two or more cells with a similar function
Histology
Is the study of tissue
46 terms
Biology: Human Genetics
diploid zygote
autosome
sex chromosomes
X-linked
fertilized egg
remaining chromosomes not directly involved in determining th…
determine an individual's sex
genes located on the X chromosome
diploid zygote
fertilized egg
autosome
remaining chromosomes not directly involved in determining th…
43 terms
Junior Cert: Biology Human Respiration
circulatory system
alveoli
aorta
arteries
the system made up of the heart, blood vessels, and the blood…
tiny air sacs in the lungs through which gas exchange occurs
the largest artery in the body
blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
circulatory system
the system made up of the heart, blood vessels, and the blood…
alveoli
tiny air sacs in the lungs through which gas exchange occurs
21 terms
Biology Chapter 8: Human Body Systems
arteries
voluntary muscles
excretory system
fatty layer
blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart.
muscles you can control.
a series of organs that get rid of cell wastes in the form of…
protects the body's organs and keeps in heat.
arteries
blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart.
voluntary muscles
muscles you can control.
53 terms
Human Biology - Unit 1
stem cells
differentiation
embryonic stem cell
tissue (adult) stem cell
unspecialised somatic cells that can divide to make cells tha…
process by which an unspecialised cell becomes altered and ad…
location: in blastocysts... Pluripotent
location: found in loctions such as skin and red bone marrow…
stem cells
unspecialised somatic cells that can divide to make cells tha…
differentiation
process by which an unspecialised cell becomes altered and ad…
17 terms
Human Biology
What are the 6 characteristics of life?
What are the characteristics of humans?
How important is the ability to hold s…
Difference between the grasp of chimp…
Organized, Aquire materials and energy, homeostasis, Respond…
A) Biological: Bi-pedal (2-legs), opposable thumbs, large bra…
...
...
What are the 6 characteristics of life?
Organized, Aquire materials and energy, homeostasis, Respond…
What are the characteristics of humans?
A) Biological: Bi-pedal (2-legs), opposable thumbs, large bra…
26 terms
Biology: Human Growth and Reproduction
Puberty
testes
scrotum
seminiferous tubules
Period of rapid growth and sexual maturation during which the…
Male gonads; the site of sperm formation
External sac that contains the testes
Narrow, coiled tubules that produce sperm in the testes.
Puberty
Period of rapid growth and sexual maturation during which the…
testes
Male gonads; the site of sperm formation
3 of 10