Study sets matching "human cells biology anatomy"

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Study sets matching "human cells biology anatomy"

59 terms
Human Anatomy: Cell Biology Review
Levels of organizations from basic to…
At the molecular level, there are two…
list four inorganic compounds essentia…
list four organic macromolecules essen…
atoms, molecules, cells, tissue, organs, organ systems, organ…
inorganic and organic
water, oxygen, salts, and acids
carbohydrates (main energy source), lipids (protections and e…
Levels of organizations from basic to…
atoms, molecules, cells, tissue, organs, organ systems, organ…
At the molecular level, there are two…
inorganic and organic
23 terms
Human Anatomy- The Cell Anatomy
Anatomy of a cell
Plasma Lemma
Cytoskeleton
Cytoplasm
cell membrane, lipid bilayer, surrounds the cell, outermost p…
elaborate internal network of protein rods spanning through t…
anything inside the cell including: organelles, membranes, etc.
Anatomy of a cell
Plasma Lemma
cell membrane, lipid bilayer, surrounds the cell, outermost p…
65 terms
Human Anatomy Cell/Tissue
PLASMA MEMBRANE
CYTOPLASM
CYTOSOL
NUCLEUS
-contains receptors for communication... -forms intercellular co…
-stores nutrients ... -dissolves solutes... -place of many metaboli…
-provides support for organelles... -serves as viscous medium wh…
-acts as cell control center... -controls all genetic info (DNA)…
PLASMA MEMBRANE
-contains receptors for communication... -forms intercellular co…
CYTOPLASM
-stores nutrients ... -dissolves solutes... -place of many metaboli…
25 terms
Anatomy of a Human Cell
Plasma Membrane
Cytoskeleton
Microtubules
Intermediate Filaments
Outer Surface; that regulates entrance and exit of molecules…
Maintains cell shape and assists movement of cell parts
Cylinders of protein molecules present in cytoplasm, centriol…
Protein fibers that provide support and strength
Plasma Membrane
Outer Surface; that regulates entrance and exit of molecules…
Cytoskeleton
Maintains cell shape and assists movement of cell parts
35 terms
Human Anatomy: Chapter 4, Biology of the Cell
-forms the outer limiting "semi-permea…
-scattered within phospholipid bilayer…
-lipids with attached carbohydrates gr…
Phospholipids, cholesterol, glycolipids
Plasma Membrane
Cholesterol in the Plasma Membrane
Glycolipids in the Plasma Membrane
Plasma Membrane contains several types of lipids such as?
-forms the outer limiting "semi-permea…
Plasma Membrane
-scattered within phospholipid bilayer…
Cholesterol in the Plasma Membrane
23 terms
Human Anatomy Cell Parts
Simple Squamous (function)
Simple Squamous (location)
Simple Squamous (picture)
Simple Cuboidal (function)
Allows passage of materials by diffusion and filtration where…
kidney glomeruli; air sacks of lungs; lining of heart; blood…
In the air sacks in the lungs
Secretion and Absorption
Simple Squamous (function)
Allows passage of materials by diffusion and filtration where…
Simple Squamous (location)
kidney glomeruli; air sacks of lungs; lining of heart; blood…
Human Anatomy- the cell
extracellular fluid
Plasma membrane
Phospholipid bilayer
phosphate groups
watery medium (aqueous) surrounding cells
phospholipid bilayer; selectively permeable
composed of phosphate groups, lipids, proteins, and cholesterol
hydrophilic (b/c chemically polar); ... oriented outward (to exp…
extracellular fluid
watery medium (aqueous) surrounding cells
Plasma membrane
phospholipid bilayer; selectively permeable
Biology Human Anatomy
Anatomical Position
Superior
Inferior
Proximal
To stand erect with arms at the sides and palms of the hands…
Higher on the body, nearer to the head
Lower on the body, farther from the head
Closer to the point of attachment
Anatomical Position
To stand erect with arms at the sides and palms of the hands…
Superior
Higher on the body, nearer to the head
Human Anatomy test: Cells
differentiated cells definition
3 major parts of cell
selectively permeable
plasma membrane
different types of cells in your body
nucleus, cytoplasm and cell membrane
regulates entry and exit of substances
flexible but sturdy barrier; surround cytoplasm of cell... fluid…
differentiated cells definition
different types of cells in your body
3 major parts of cell
nucleus, cytoplasm and cell membrane
15 terms
Cell Anatomy - Human biology (Emily Fox)
Plasma Membrane
Cytoplasm
Lysosome
Mitochondrion (Mitochondria= plural)
boundary between inside & outside of cell ; regulate stuff go…
fluids inside cells & all stuff floating in it
sacks of enzymes that break down old cell parts or kill invad…
Performs cellular respiration to make energy for the cell, st…
Plasma Membrane
boundary between inside & outside of cell ; regulate stuff go…
Cytoplasm
fluids inside cells & all stuff floating in it
20 terms
Biology - Human Anatomy - Muscles
Temporalis
Orbicularis Oculi
Orbicularis Oris
Pectoralis Major
Involved with closing the mouth and chewing.... Remember: When…
Muscle that closes your eyelids, and it arises from the nasal…
The Orbicularis Oris controls the movement of your mouth and…
The bulk muscle in your chest... Remember: Like your pecs.
Temporalis
Involved with closing the mouth and chewing.... Remember: When…
Orbicularis Oculi
Muscle that closes your eyelids, and it arises from the nasal…
244 terms
BIOLOGY 301 - Human Anatomy
What is anatomy?
Gross Anatomy
Microscopic Anatomy
Organizational Levels Of Living Organi…
The study of structure of a living organism and it's componen…
regional and systemic
Histology
Moleculular --> Cellular--> Tissue-->Organs--> Systems --> Sy…
What is anatomy?
The study of structure of a living organism and it's componen…
Gross Anatomy
regional and systemic
human biology: Cells
cell membrane
mitochondria
golgi body
nucleus
a selectively permeable lipid(fat) membrane that controls whi…
the site of the aerobic phase of cellular respiration and pro…
responsible for the secretion of cell products such as protei…
contains chromosomes whose genes control the activities of th…
cell membrane
a selectively permeable lipid(fat) membrane that controls whi…
mitochondria
the site of the aerobic phase of cellular respiration and pro…
60 terms
Human Anatomy Cell/Tissue
PLASMA MEMBRANE
CYTOPLASM
CYTOSOL
NUCLEUS
-contains receptors for communication... -forms intercellular co…
-stores nutrients ... -dissolves solutes... -place of many metaboli…
-provides support for organelles... -serves as viscous medium wh…
-acts as cell control center... -controls all genetic info (DNA)…
PLASMA MEMBRANE
-contains receptors for communication... -forms intercellular co…
CYTOPLASM
-stores nutrients ... -dissolves solutes... -place of many metaboli…
5 terms
Human Anatomy- Cell Mitosis
Stages of Mitosis (PMAT)
Prophase (1/4)
Metaphase (2/4)
Anaphase (3/4)
Please Make A Taco; Prophase Anaphase Metaphase Telophase
chromatin threads coil and condense, nucleoli disappear, mito…
centromeres precisely align at the equator (exact center) of…
chromatid pairs separate, shortest stage; looks like its pull…
Stages of Mitosis (PMAT)
Please Make A Taco; Prophase Anaphase Metaphase Telophase
Prophase (1/4)
chromatin threads coil and condense, nucleoli disappear, mito…
37 terms
Human Anatomy: Cells
Cell Function
3 Components of Cell
Organelles
Plasma Membrane
Cells are smallest living units in body... Functions:... -obtain nu…
-Plasma membrane: outer boundary... -Cytoplasm: contains most or…
-subunits of cells with specific functions
-defines the extent of the cell... -separates intracellular flui…
Cell Function
Cells are smallest living units in body... Functions:... -obtain nu…
3 Components of Cell
-Plasma membrane: outer boundary... -Cytoplasm: contains most or…
2) Human Anatomy/ Philosophy: CELL BIOLOGY & ENERGY
CELL THEORIES: cue
Kingdom of Life
What is in a Prokaryotic? DORMNS... Types…
What is in the Eukaryotic Cell? DORMNS…
1) all living things are composed of 1 or more cells... 2)basic…
Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic
1) in p cell... - no nucleus... -small circular DNA... -size: small... -…
1) Membrane-Bound Organelles... nucleus... cell membrane... ribosom…
CELL THEORIES: cue
1) all living things are composed of 1 or more cells... 2)basic…
Kingdom of Life
Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic
Human Anatomy Cell/Tissue
PLASMA MEMBRANE
CYTOPLASM
CYTOSOL
NUCLEUS
-contains receptors for communication... -forms intercellular co…
-stores nutrients ... -dissolves solutes... -place of many metaboli…
-provides support for organelles... -serves as viscous medium wh…
-acts as cell control center... -controls all genetic info (DNA)…
PLASMA MEMBRANE
-contains receptors for communication... -forms intercellular co…
CYTOPLASM
-stores nutrients ... -dissolves solutes... -place of many metaboli…
Biology Human Anatomy Notes
Skeletal System
Appendicular Skeleton
Axial Skeleton
Cartilage
Includes bones and connective tissues holding bones together.…
Legs, Arms, Feet, and hands. Pelvic and pectoral girdles.
Skull (24), Vertebrae (33), Ribs (24), Sternum (3).
flexible tissue that cushions your joints.
Skeletal System
Includes bones and connective tissues holding bones together.…
Appendicular Skeleton
Legs, Arms, Feet, and hands. Pelvic and pectoral girdles.
37 terms
Human Anatomy - The cell
extracellular fluid
Plasma membrane
Phospholipid bilayer
phosphate groups
watery medium (aqueous) surrounding cells
phospholipid bilayer; selectively permeable
composed of phosphate groups, lipids, proteins, and cholesterol
hydrophilic (b/c chemically polar); ... oriented outward (to exp…
extracellular fluid
watery medium (aqueous) surrounding cells
Plasma membrane
phospholipid bilayer; selectively permeable
53 terms
Vocabulary for Chapter 2 - The Cell - Human Anatomy (Huxley)
cell theory
extracellular fluid
cell membrane OR plasmalemma
selective permeability
all living things are made of cells, which are made by the di…
thin later of fluid around each cell
outer boundary of a cell that is a phospho-lipid bilayer memb…
allowing some items to move through and other to be prevented…
cell theory
all living things are made of cells, which are made by the di…
extracellular fluid
thin later of fluid around each cell
79 terms
human biology cell
CELL
CHROMATIN STRUCTURE
NUCLEUS STRUCTURE
NUCLEOLUS STRUCTURE
the structural and functional unit of all living thing
Threadlike structure in the nucleus; contain genetic material…
Control center of the cell; necessary for cell division and c…
Dense, darkly staining nuclear body; packaging site ribosomes
CELL
the structural and functional unit of all living thing
CHROMATIN STRUCTURE
Threadlike structure in the nucleus; contain genetic material…
58 terms
Chapter 03 Human Anatomy & Physiology (Marieb) Cell biology review
Cell theory
Generalized or composite cell
Plasma membrane or cell membrane
Fluid mosaic model
1) The cell is the smallest structural and functional living…
All cells have the same basic parts and some common functions…
The outer membrane surrounding the cell.
The currently accepted model of plasma (cell) membrane struct…
Cell theory
1) The cell is the smallest structural and functional living…
Generalized or composite cell
All cells have the same basic parts and some common functions…
32 terms
Human Anatomy Cell Cycle
G1 phase
S phase
G2 phase
Prophase
Cellular contents, excluding the chromosomes are duplicated
Each of the 46 Chromosomes are duplicated by the cell
The cell "double checks" the duplicated chromosomes for error…
Chromosomes shorten, thicken, and become visible, Chromatids…
G1 phase
Cellular contents, excluding the chromosomes are duplicated
S phase
Each of the 46 Chromosomes are duplicated by the cell
61 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology: Cells
Cytosol
Inclusions
Organelles
Mitochondria
Cellular fluid - material between plasma membrane & nucleus
Chemical Substances (stored nutrients) - glycogen in live and…
Metabolic machinerys of cell
Power plant, ATP supply/ outer & inner membrane (cristae), ma…
Cytosol
Cellular fluid - material between plasma membrane & nucleus
Inclusions
Chemical Substances (stored nutrients) - glycogen in live and…
36 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 2: The cells
What is a cell, its basic activites an…
How many chromosomes in a diploid huma…
Which cells are haploid?
Name the current model for the plasma…
the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, t…
Diploid: 46 Haploid: 23
Gametes: They are the daughter cells of Diploid cells. They o…
The Fluid Mosaic Model. the plasma membrane of animal cells.…
What is a cell, its basic activites an…
the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, t…
How many chromosomes in a diploid huma…
Diploid: 46 Haploid: 23
19 terms
Cell Labeling - Human Anatomy
flagellum
nucleus
nuclear envelope
Nucleolus
(G in the picture) a slender threadlike structure the cell to…
(the center thingy in the picture) made up of protons and neu…
(the thing surrounding the nucleus) double lipid bilayer that…
(the small circle inside the nuclear envelope) small dense ci…
flagellum
(G in the picture) a slender threadlike structure the cell to…
nucleus
(the center thingy in the picture) made up of protons and neu…
16 terms
Human Biology Cell Terms
osmosis
facilitated diffusion
filtration
active transport
the diffusion of water across a membrane from an area of high…
the diffusion of particles that are too large or not soluble…
the process by which water and solutes are forced through a m…
a general term used to describe the movement of substances ac…
osmosis
the diffusion of water across a membrane from an area of high…
facilitated diffusion
the diffusion of particles that are too large or not soluble…
22 terms
Human Anatomy Cell Functions
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Nucleolus
encloses the cell
houses genetic material and controls cellular activities
contents of a cell including the gel-like cytosol and organel…
small, dense body composed largely of RNA and protein
Cell Membrane
encloses the cell
Nucleus
houses genetic material and controls cellular activities
Human Anatomy Cell/Tissue
Cell
PLASMA MEMBRANE
CYTOPLASM
CYTOSOL
Cells are the smallest unit of life. They are the
-contains receptors for communication... -forms intercellular co…
-stores nutrients ... -dissolves solutes... -place of many metaboli…
-provides support for organelles... -serves as viscous medium wh…
Cell
Cells are the smallest unit of life. They are the
PLASMA MEMBRANE
-contains receptors for communication... -forms intercellular co…
20 terms
Human Anatomy, CH 2, Cell (picture flashcards)
A: Microvilli
B: Secretory Vesicles
C: Cytosol (aka cytoplasm)
D: Lysosome
Cell: What is A?
Cell: What is B?
Cell: What is C?
Cell: What is D?
A: Microvilli
Cell: What is A?
B: Secretory Vesicles
Cell: What is B?
43 terms
Human Anatomy: Cells & Tisses
cells
tissues
cell basics:
cell diversity
basic unit of structure & function for all living things; car…
groups of cells that are similar in structure & function & wo…
- living cells are about 60% water... - cells are constantly bat…
- different types of cells are built differently to make them…
cells
basic unit of structure & function for all living things; car…
tissues
groups of cells that are similar in structure & function & wo…
13 terms
Human Biology Cells
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Centrioles
Outer boundary that separates the cell from the neighbouring…
Fluid within the cell that holds all the organelles suspended.
Pairs of parallel membranes where chemical reactions occur. U…
Involved in reproduction. A pairs near nucleus.
Cell membrane
Outer boundary that separates the cell from the neighbouring…
Cytoplasm
Fluid within the cell that holds all the organelles suspended.
13 terms
Human Anatomy Cell Vocabulary
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall (Animals lack)
Cytoplasm
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Protection,allows transportation... Ex: City border
Support and protection... Ex: City wall
Holds all internal structures... Ex: Lawns
Ships cellular products... Ex: Highway or road system
Cell Membrane
Protection,allows transportation... Ex: City border
Cell Wall (Animals lack)
Support and protection... Ex: City wall
Human Anatomy - Cell Transport
Terat
oma
Teratoma
Erythrocytes
greek/latin root meaning "monster"
greek/latin root meaning "tumor"
kind of tumor with tissue or organ components resembling norm…
cell type that moves oxygen throughout the body and picks up…
Terat
greek/latin root meaning "monster"
oma
greek/latin root meaning "tumor"
14 terms
human anatomy cells
tight junctions
desmosomes
gap junctions
hydrophilic
impermeable junctions that bind cells together into leakproof…
anchoring junctions, prevent cells subjected to mechanical st…
commonly seen in heart and embryonic cells function mainly to…
water absorbent
tight junctions
impermeable junctions that bind cells together into leakproof…
desmosomes
anchoring junctions, prevent cells subjected to mechanical st…
18 terms
Human Anatomy- The Cell
Cell
Nucleus, Cytoplasm, and Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Cell Reproduction
Structural and functional unit of all living things.... Comes in…
Three major regions of the cell.
Control Center "brain cell" necessary for cell reproduction c…
Contains DNA or Genes
Cell
Structural and functional unit of all living things.... Comes in…
Nucleus, Cytoplasm, and Cell Membrane
Three major regions of the cell.
44 terms
Human Anatomy: Cells
cells
Robert Hooke
three major components of a cell
cell membrane
tiny parts that make up living organisms.... basic unit of struc…
named the cell
cell (plasma) membrane... cytoplasm... nucleus
surrounds a cell... separates cell from external environment & o…
cells
tiny parts that make up living organisms.... basic unit of struc…
Robert Hooke
named the cell
Human cell (anatomy)
Mitochondria
Microfilaments
Lysosomes
Peroxisome
power house and energy
Helps the movement of cells
clean and digest
digest toxic material
Mitochondria
power house and energy
Microfilaments
Helps the movement of cells
Human Biology - Cell Division
Interphase
Stem Cells
G1 Phase
Sexual Reproduction
The longest part of the cell cycle when the cell carries on i…
A category of cells that are pluripotent and can make daughte…
A part of interphase when the cell matures by making more cyt…
The fusion of gametes (sperm and egg) from two parents which…
Interphase
The longest part of the cell cycle when the cell carries on i…
Stem Cells
A category of cells that are pluripotent and can make daughte…
18 terms
Human Biology - Cell Functions
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Nucleus
Mitochondria
Production and transportation of proteins throughout the cell
Transports materials throughout the cell
Controls all functions within the cell through the actions of…
Power house of cell. Cellular respiration. Provides energy in…
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Production and transportation of proteins throughout the cell
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Transports materials throughout the cell
Human Anatomy Cell Structures
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Ribosomes
Controls what goes in and out of the cell
Houses gel-like fluids to support cell organelles
Directs all cell activities
Produces proteins
Cell membrane
Controls what goes in and out of the cell
Cytoplasm
Houses gel-like fluids to support cell organelles
Human Anatomy-Cells
cell membrane/plasma membrane
lysosomes
mitochondria
mictovilli
LOCATION:external boundary of the cell... FUNCTION: serves as ex…
LOCATION: sacs in cytoplasm... FUNCTION:break down large food pa…
LOCATION: rod like structure in cytoplasm... FUNCTION: site of A…
LOCATION: projections of plasma membrane... FUNCTION: increase t…
cell membrane/plasma membrane
LOCATION:external boundary of the cell... FUNCTION: serves as ex…
lysosomes
LOCATION: sacs in cytoplasm... FUNCTION:break down large food pa…
12 terms
Human Anatomy: Cell
Inorganic Compounds
Protein
Carbohydrates
Lipids
- Water ( 75% of cell mass)... - Electrolytes ( acids, bases, sa…
- Composed of amino acids... - Structure and function of each pr…
Sugars
Fats
Inorganic Compounds
- Water ( 75% of cell mass)... - Electrolytes ( acids, bases, sa…
Protein
- Composed of amino acids... - Structure and function of each pr…
15 terms
Biology Finals: Unit 4 Cell Cycle and Human Anatomy III
the more efficiency
atrium
venrticle
vein
the more chambers in a heart ___
The chamber of the heart that the blood always enters.
The chamber of the heart that the blood always exits.
transports blood towards the heart.
the more efficiency
the more chambers in a heart ___
atrium
The chamber of the heart that the blood always enters.
34 terms
Human Anatomy Cell Bio
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharide
Most Common hexoses
Glycosaminoglycans
a polyhydroxyaldehyde or polyhydroxyketone, or a substance th…
a carbohydrate that cannot be hydrolyzed to a simpler carbohy…
Glucose, Galactose, glucosamine, fructose
polysaccharides based on a repeating disaccharide where one o…
Carbohydrates
a polyhydroxyaldehyde or polyhydroxyketone, or a substance th…
Monosaccharide
a carbohydrate that cannot be hydrolyzed to a simpler carbohy…
20 terms
Human Cell Biology
Golgi Apparatus
Rough ER
Smooth ER
Purine
composed of cisternae; modifies, sorts, packages, and transpo…
A network of interconnected membranous sacs in a eukaryotic c…
synthesis of lipids, phospholipids and steroid sex hormones-h…
a nitrogenous base that has a double-ring structure; one of t…
Golgi Apparatus
composed of cisternae; modifies, sorts, packages, and transpo…
Rough ER
A network of interconnected membranous sacs in a eukaryotic c…
52 terms
Anatomy: Cell Biology
All cells have..
Organelles
Nucleus
Nucleolous
Ribosomes, membrane, cytoplasm and DNA
Little organs within a cell
•Near the center... •big ball shape... •stores DNA codes
•inside big nucleus... •makes all the ribosomes(protein makers)
All cells have..
Ribosomes, membrane, cytoplasm and DNA
Organelles
Little organs within a cell
67 terms
Biology-Human Anatomy
cerebrum
cerebellum
brainstem
pituitary
largest part of brain where thinking, analyzing, memory stora…
smaller cauliflower-looking part of brain responsible for coo…
inner stalk-like part of brain responsible for respiration an…
pea-sized gland in base of brain responsible for making growt…
cerebrum
largest part of brain where thinking, analyzing, memory stora…
cerebellum
smaller cauliflower-looking part of brain responsible for coo…
17 terms
Human Anatomy; Parts of Cell
Flagella
Cilia
Rough endoplasmic reticulum
Lysosomes
Moves the entire cell
Moves fluids over cells surface
Synthesizes glycoproteins and phospholipids that are transfer…
vesicles containing digestive enzymes
Flagella
Moves the entire cell
Cilia
Moves fluids over cells surface
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