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Study sets matching "human cells biology"

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Study sets matching "human cells biology"

6 terms
human biology: Cells
cell membrane
mitochondria
golgi body
nucleus
a selectively permeable lipid(fat) membrane that controls whi…
the site of the aerobic phase of cellular respiration and pro…
responsible for the secretion of cell products such as protei…
contains chromosomes whose genes control the activities of th…
cell membrane
a selectively permeable lipid(fat) membrane that controls whi…
mitochondria
the site of the aerobic phase of cellular respiration and pro…
79 terms
human biology cell
CELL
CHROMATIN STRUCTURE
NUCLEUS STRUCTURE
NUCLEOLUS STRUCTURE
the structural and functional unit of all living thing
Threadlike structure in the nucleus; contain genetic material…
Control center of the cell; necessary for cell division and c…
Dense, darkly staining nuclear body; packaging site ribosomes
CELL
the structural and functional unit of all living thing
CHROMATIN STRUCTURE
Threadlike structure in the nucleus; contain genetic material…
13 terms
Human Biology Cells
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Centrioles
Outer boundary that separates the cell from the neighbouring…
Fluid within the cell that holds all the organelles suspended.
Pairs of parallel membranes where chemical reactions occur. U…
Involved in reproduction. A pairs near nucleus.
Cell membrane
Outer boundary that separates the cell from the neighbouring…
Cytoplasm
Fluid within the cell that holds all the organelles suspended.
16 terms
Human Biology Cell Terms
osmosis
facilitated diffusion
filtration
active transport
the diffusion of water across a membrane from an area of high…
the diffusion of particles that are too large or not soluble…
the process by which water and solutes are forced through a m…
a general term used to describe the movement of substances ac…
osmosis
the diffusion of water across a membrane from an area of high…
facilitated diffusion
the diffusion of particles that are too large or not soluble…
32 terms
Human Biology 1 Cell Membrane
structure cell membrane
diffusion
osmosis
facilitated diffusion
cell membrane semi-permeable phospholipid bi-layer which make…
structure cell membrane
cell membrane semi-permeable phospholipid bi-layer which make…
diffusion
18 terms
Human Biology - Cell Functions
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Nucleus
Mitochondria
Production and transportation of proteins throughout the cell
Transports materials throughout the cell
Controls all functions within the cell through the actions of…
Power house of cell. Cellular respiration. Provides energy in…
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Production and transportation of proteins throughout the cell
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Transports materials throughout the cell
34 terms
Human Biology - Cell Division
Interphase
Stem Cells
G1 Phase
Sexual Reproduction
The longest part of the cell cycle when the cell carries on i…
A category of cells that are pluripotent and can make daughte…
A part of interphase when the cell matures by making more cyt…
The fusion of gametes (sperm and egg) from two parents which…
Interphase
The longest part of the cell cycle when the cell carries on i…
Stem Cells
A category of cells that are pluripotent and can make daughte…
17 terms
Human Biology-- Cells
Cells
Multicellular organism
Single cellular organism
5 major kingdoms
little building blocks of any living thing
humans (millions of cells)
bacteria (1 cell)
•animals... •bacteria... •fungus... •plant... •protist
Cells
little building blocks of any living thing
Multicellular organism
humans (millions of cells)
20 terms
Human Cell Biology
Golgi Apparatus
Rough ER
Smooth ER
Purine
composed of cisternae; modifies, sorts, packages, and transpo…
A network of interconnected membranous sacs in a eukaryotic c…
synthesis of lipids, phospholipids and steroid sex hormones-h…
a nitrogenous base that has a double-ring structure; one of t…
Golgi Apparatus
composed of cisternae; modifies, sorts, packages, and transpo…
Rough ER
A network of interconnected membranous sacs in a eukaryotic c…
104 terms
Human Cell Biology
The _____ is the basic functional unit…
The human body is composed of about 80…
The _____ in the body provide fuel for…
The endocrine glands produce _____.... a)…
b) cell
d) water
c) carbohydrates
a) hormones
The _____ is the basic functional unit…
b) cell
The human body is composed of about 80…
d) water
10 terms
Human Biology: Cells
Cell Membrane
cytoplasm
endoplasmic reticulum
Ribosomes
thin layer that separates cells from neighbouring cells. Cont…
thick liquid which suspends the organelles inside the cell. P…
surface for chemical reactions, transports materials within t…
site for protein manufacture, open attached to endoplasmic re…
Cell Membrane
thin layer that separates cells from neighbouring cells. Cont…
cytoplasm
thick liquid which suspends the organelles inside the cell. P…
Human Biology: Cells
Cell membrane
Cellular respiration
Centriole
Cytoplasm
A membrane that forms the external boundary of a cell; also c…
The chemical reactions that make energy available for the cel…
A structure in a cell consisting of two rings of microtubules…
The contents of a cell, excluding the nucleus.
Cell membrane
A membrane that forms the external boundary of a cell; also c…
Cellular respiration
The chemical reactions that make energy available for the cel…
12 terms
human and social biology (cells)
cell
cell membrane
nucleaus
vesticles/ small vacuoles
is the basic structural unit of most organisms
controls which substance enter and leave the cell
contains DNA that makes up the chromosomes
small spherical structures that carry substances to the cell…
cell
is the basic structural unit of most organisms
cell membrane
controls which substance enter and leave the cell
25 terms
Biology human cells
Stem cell
Differentiation
Embryonic
Tissue/Adult
An unspecialised cell that can differentiate into a range of…
The process in which an unspecialised cell becomes specialised
The cell is capable of differentiating into all cell types
Narrower differentiation potential - can continuously supply…
Stem cell
An unspecialised cell that can differentiate into a range of…
Differentiation
The process in which an unspecialised cell becomes specialised
42 terms
human biology cells
cell membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
endoplasmic reticulum (rough and smooth)
barrier surrounding outside of cell, controls what comes in a…
organelles are suspended in, mostly water, chemical reactions…
contains inherited materials, controls cell activity
surface for chemical reactions, transport of material in cell…
cell membrane
barrier surrounding outside of cell, controls what comes in a…
cytoplasm
organelles are suspended in, mostly water, chemical reactions…
75 terms
Human cells- Higher Human Biology
What are the 3 types of body cells?
What are somatic cells?
What is differentiation?
How do cells differentiate?
Somatic cells... Germline cells ... Gametes
Diploid body cells that divide by mitosis
The process by which a cells develops specialised functions
By switching off certain genes and only expressing rose to ma…
What are the 3 types of body cells?
Somatic cells... Germline cells ... Gametes
What are somatic cells?
Diploid body cells that divide by mitosis
Human Biology- Cells
Mitosis... Stages
Mitosis ... Definition
Mitosis... Interphase
Mitosis ... Prophase
Interphase ... Prophase... Prometaphase... Metaphase ... Anaphase... Te…
The process by which cells divide into two
DNA and organelle replication
Chromosomes appear ... (2 chromatids join at centromere) ... Centr…
Mitosis... Stages
Interphase ... Prophase... Prometaphase... Metaphase ... Anaphase... Te…
Mitosis ... Definition
The process by which cells divide into two
16 terms
Human Biology - Cell Organelles
cell membrane
cytosol
ribosomes
rough endoplasmic reticulum
controls what goes into and out of the cell
where organelles are suspended and most chemical reactions ta…
makes proteins
makes lipids and proteins
cell membrane
controls what goes into and out of the cell
cytosol
where organelles are suspended and most chemical reactions ta…
13 terms
Cells (Human Biology)
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Ribosomes
A selectively permeable lipid membrane that controls which su…
Controls cellular activities (Contains DNA and RNA) (If it is…
Site of chemical reactions and gives cell structure
Makes proteins. Amino acids are joined together at the riboso…
Cell Membrane
A selectively permeable lipid membrane that controls which su…
Nucleus
Controls cellular activities (Contains DNA and RNA) (If it is…
12 terms
Human Biology - THE CELL STRUCTURES
Plasma Membrane - outer layer
Cytoplasm - fluid
Lysosome - green bubble
Mitochondrion - large bubble maze
regulates material in and out of cell
material (fluid) surrounding the nucleus
digests substances brought into cell... destroys old parts of ce…
energy generators... recharges ATP in inner membrane (cristae)... p…
Plasma Membrane - outer layer
regulates material in and out of cell
Cytoplasm - fluid
material (fluid) surrounding the nucleus
Cell transport in human biology
All cells have a cell membrane made of
Plant, fungi and bacteria cells have a
Cell membrane
Homeostasis
Porteins and lipids
Cell wall
Separates the components of the cell from its environment. It…
Stables the internal balance of the cell
All cells have a cell membrane made of
Porteins and lipids
Plant, fungi and bacteria cells have a
Cell wall
23 terms
Human Cell Biology
Mitochondria
Chromosome
Golgi Apparatus
Nucleus
"power house" of the cell. Converts oxygen and nutrients into…
tightly coiled DNA. many genes. arranged in linear sequence.…
"packing and shipping center" of the cell. modifies lipids an…
"control center" of the cell. contains chromosomes: the genet…
Mitochondria
"power house" of the cell. Converts oxygen and nutrients into…
Chromosome
tightly coiled DNA. many genes. arranged in linear sequence.…
23 terms
Human Biology 1 Cell Parts
ribosomes
lysosomes
centrioles
golgi apparatus
small sphere-like structures attached to membranes(SER) or fr…
membranes enclosing digestive enzymes
2 sets of micro tubules at right angles
flat plate-like sacs with surrounding secretory vesicles floa…
ribosomes
small sphere-like structures attached to membranes(SER) or fr…
lysosomes
membranes enclosing digestive enzymes
99 terms
Human Cell Biology
Mitochondria
2) Chromosome
3) Golgi Apparatus
4) Nucleus
Powerhouse of the cell, organelle that is the site of ATP (en…
nuclear DNA and associated proteins organized into discrete s…
composed of cisternae; modifies, sorts, packages, and transpo…
Cell organelle containing most of the genetic material of the…
Mitochondria
Powerhouse of the cell, organelle that is the site of ATP (en…
2) Chromosome
nuclear DNA and associated proteins organized into discrete s…
16 terms
HUMAN BIOLOGY - STEM CELLS
Stem cell
Proliferation
Differentiation
Tissue
Undifferentiated cells capable of giving rise to more and mor…
Replication of cells many times over
Unspecialised cells develop characteristics and functions of…
A group of cells that work together to perform a common funct…
Stem cell
Undifferentiated cells capable of giving rise to more and mor…
Proliferation
Replication of cells many times over
BI 107 Human Biology Cells
Unicellular
Multicellular
Cell Theory
Cell
means one cell
two or more cells or many cells
states that all living things are made of cells
Is the smallest unit of life and consists of three components…
Unicellular
means one cell
Multicellular
two or more cells or many cells
15 terms
Biology- differentiation in human cells
Stem cells
Differentiation
Somatic cells
Organ
Undifferentiated cells that can differentiate into a range of…
A process in which unspecialised cells become specialised
Differentiated cells derived from stem cells and form the dif…
Made up of groups of tissues
Stem cells
Undifferentiated cells that can differentiate into a range of…
Differentiation
A process in which unspecialised cells become specialised
31 terms
Biology: Human cells
AGAINST using Embryonic Stem Cells
FOR using Embryonic Stem Cells
What are model cells used for?
Possible solutions to the Embryonic St…
A human life begins with a fertilised egg and it should not b…
A fertilised egg is not a person, although it has the potenti…
Stem Cells can be used as model cells to study how diseases d…
Use Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells (IPS) - these are stem cel…
AGAINST using Embryonic Stem Cells
A human life begins with a fertilised egg and it should not b…
FOR using Embryonic Stem Cells
A fertilised egg is not a person, although it has the potenti…
45 terms
Biology: human anatomy and cells
Human physiology
Human anatomy
What are the different levels of organ…
1)What's The chemical level
"How it works"-science of body functions
"What it is"-study of body structures
(6)The chemical level, the cell, tissues, organs, an organ sy…
Atoms, inorganic/organic molecules
Human physiology
"How it works"-science of body functions
Human anatomy
"What it is"-study of body structures
71 terms
HUMAN BIOLOGY - CELLS
What is a cell membrane?
What is the endoplasmic reticulum?
What is the nuclear membrane?
What is the golgi body?
A double layer of lipid molecules and associated proteins.
Pairs of parallel membranes
A double membrane that has gaps called nuclear pores
A flattened, membranous bags stacked on each other
What is a cell membrane?
A double layer of lipid molecules and associated proteins.
What is the endoplasmic reticulum?
Pairs of parallel membranes
15 terms
HIGHER HUMAN BIOLOGY: HUMAN CELLS - Human Genomics
human genome
human genomics
genome sequencing
can be used to gain info about entire…
the complete set of genetic information found in a human
study of the human genome
determining the sequence of nucleotide bases along the DNA
Why is genome sequencing useful?
human genome
the complete set of genetic information found in a human
human genomics
study of the human genome
25 terms
Human Biology - Cell structure
What are centrioles?
What is the cell membrane?
what is cytoplasm?
what is the Golgi body? (Golgi apparat…
Each pair of minute cylindrical organelles near the nucleus,…
the thin layer of protein and fat that surround the cell. It…
jelly like material outside the cell nucleus in which the org…
a flattened, layered, sac-like organelle located near the nuc…
What are centrioles?
Each pair of minute cylindrical organelles near the nucleus,…
What is the cell membrane?
the thin layer of protein and fat that surround the cell. It…
28 terms
3. Human Biology - Cells
What is a cell?
What do cells do?
What is a plasma membrane?
What is a nucleus? And what does it co…
The smallest unit of an organism.
Are building blocks of all living things.
It is a wall that divides the inter-cellular environment from…
The control centre of the cell.... Contains DNA.
What is a cell?
The smallest unit of an organism.
What do cells do?
Are building blocks of all living things.
8 terms
Biology Human Cell Parts
1
2
3
4
Nuclear Membrane
Cell membrane
Nucleolus
Endoplasmic Reticulum
1
Nuclear Membrane
2
Cell membrane
6 terms
Human Biology - Cell transport
Passive transport
Diffusion
Osmosis
Active transport
movement of substances within cells with no cellular energy b…
movement of substances from areas of high concentration to ar…
a special case of diffusion. Water molecules moves from areas…
requires cellular energy to be expended due to the movement o…
Passive transport
movement of substances within cells with no cellular energy b…
Diffusion
movement of substances from areas of high concentration to ar…
40 terms
Human Biology (Cells)
Cells are bounded by this structure wh…
The fundamental genetic material of ce…
Ribosomal RNA is synthesized in the __…
The most abundant molecule in any cell…
Plasma membrane
Nucleus... Mitochondria... Chloroplast
Nucleolus... Nucleus
Water
Cells are bounded by this structure wh…
Plasma membrane
The fundamental genetic material of ce…
Nucleus... Mitochondria... Chloroplast
91 terms
Human Biology Cells & Tissues
Cell
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Basic unit of life
Thin flexible barrier
Fluid inside the cell membrane
Inside structure that contains the genetic material
Cell
Basic unit of life
Cell Membrane
Thin flexible barrier
91 terms
Human Biology Cells & Tissues
cell
cell membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
basic unit of life
a thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
a jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
cell
basic unit of life
cell membrane
a thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
16 terms
Human biology ( CELLS)
Active Site
Active transport
Facilitated transport
Hypertonic
Place where substrates are brought together to react.
Carriers material across of the membrane against a concentrat…
Transport the molecule from higher to lover concentration.
Lower concentration of water than cell.
Active Site
Place where substrates are brought together to react.
Active transport
Carriers material across of the membrane against a concentrat…
30 terms
Human biology (cells)
Cell Membrane
Nucleous
Mitochondria
Chromosomes
The structure which surrounds and contains the contents of a…
Construction DNA in chromosomes. The control centre
Powerhouse responsible for energy production cellular respira…
Densely packed chromatin/ appears to be threadlike one DNA mo…
Cell Membrane
The structure which surrounds and contains the contents of a…
Nucleous
Construction DNA in chromosomes. The control centre
113 terms
Human Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell
tissues
What are the main principles of cell t…
Extracellular matrix ( EMC)
smallest unit of life
organized multicellular cells
1. Cell is the basic unit of life... 2. All living organisms are…
Meshwork of proteins and polysaccharides in close association…
cell
smallest unit of life
tissues
organized multicellular cells
16 terms
Human Biology Cell Terms
osmosis
facilitated diffusion
filtration
active transport
the diffusion of water across a membrane from an area of high…
the diffusion of particles that are too large or not soluble…
the process by which water and solutes are forced through a m…
a general term used to describe the movement of substances ac…
osmosis
the diffusion of water across a membrane from an area of high…
facilitated diffusion
the diffusion of particles that are too large or not soluble…
10 terms
Human Blood Cell Biology
receptors
signal transduction
Autocrine and paracrine agents
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs)
recognize specific extraceullular stimuli. In response to the…
the process of sensing external stimuli and conveying the inh…
horomone-like compounds from the secreting cell or cells nearby
composed of seven membrane-spanning helices, promote activati…
receptors
recognize specific extraceullular stimuli. In response to the…
signal transduction
the process of sensing external stimuli and conveying the inh…
14 terms
Human Biology (inside cells)
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Contents of the cell outside of the nucleus
Jellylike fluid inside cell membrane
Contains genes
Produces ribosomes
Cytoplasm
Contents of the cell outside of the nucleus
Cytosol
Jellylike fluid inside cell membrane
42 terms
human biology cells
cell membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
endoplasmic reticulum (rough and smooth)
barrier surrounding outside of cell, controls what comes in a…
organelles are suspended in, mostly water, chemical reactions…
contains inherited materials, controls cell activity
surface for chemical reactions, transport of material in cell…
cell membrane
barrier surrounding outside of cell, controls what comes in a…
cytoplasm
organelles are suspended in, mostly water, chemical reactions…
34 terms
Human Biology - Cell Division
Interphase
Stem Cells
G1 Phase
Sexual Reproduction
The longest part of the cell cycle when the cell carries on i…
A category of cells that are pluripotent and can make daughte…
A part of interphase when the cell matures by making more cyt…
The fusion of gametes (sperm and egg) from two parents which…
Interphase
The longest part of the cell cycle when the cell carries on i…
Stem Cells
A category of cells that are pluripotent and can make daughte…
90 terms
Human Biology Cells & Tissues
cell
cell membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
the basic biological and structural unit of the body consisti…
a thin layer or sheet surrounding the cell
the gel-like substance of a cell of the nucleus and other org…
spherical structure within a cell; a group of neuron cell bod…
cell
the basic biological and structural unit of the body consisti…
cell membrane
a thin layer or sheet surrounding the cell
19 terms
Cell and Human Biology
Diffusion
Concentration Gradient
Equilibrium
Osmosis
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
A difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
A state of balance
Diffusion of water through a partially permeable membrane
Diffusion
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
Concentration Gradient
A difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
44 terms
Human Biology Cells
Cell Theory
What are the two cells types?
Cell Membrane
Hydrophobic
All living things composed of cells and new cells only come f…
Prokaryotic- no nucleus and Eukaryotic- has nucleus
Allows molecules in and out selectively ... Made of lipids and p…
Tails toward inside
Cell Theory
All living things composed of cells and new cells only come f…
What are the two cells types?
Prokaryotic- no nucleus and Eukaryotic- has nucleus
23 terms
Cell Biology - Human Evolution
Blending Inheritance
Problem with Blending Inheritance
Pangenisis
Gemmules
The belief that traits from Mom and Dad are "mixed" like liqu…
Can't explain outlying traits
Darwin's theory, all cells in the body are infused with part-…
can be altered over the course of a life time
Blending Inheritance
The belief that traits from Mom and Dad are "mixed" like liqu…
Problem with Blending Inheritance
Can't explain outlying traits
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