Study sets matching "human cells biology"

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Study sets matching "human cells biology"

human biology: Cells
cell membrane
mitochondria
golgi body
nucleus
a selectively permeable lipid(fat) membrane that controls whi…
the site of the aerobic phase of cellular respiration and pro…
responsible for the secretion of cell products such as protei…
contains chromosomes whose genes control the activities of th…
cell membrane
a selectively permeable lipid(fat) membrane that controls whi…
mitochondria
the site of the aerobic phase of cellular respiration and pro…
79 terms
human biology cell
CELL
CHROMATIN STRUCTURE
NUCLEUS STRUCTURE
NUCLEOLUS STRUCTURE
the structural and functional unit of all living thing
Threadlike structure in the nucleus; contain genetic material…
Control center of the cell; necessary for cell division and c…
Dense, darkly staining nuclear body; packaging site ribosomes
CELL
the structural and functional unit of all living thing
CHROMATIN STRUCTURE
Threadlike structure in the nucleus; contain genetic material…
13 terms
Human Biology Cells
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Centrioles
Outer boundary that separates the cell from the neighbouring…
Fluid within the cell that holds all the organelles suspended.
Pairs of parallel membranes where chemical reactions occur. U…
Involved in reproduction. A pairs near nucleus.
Cell membrane
Outer boundary that separates the cell from the neighbouring…
Cytoplasm
Fluid within the cell that holds all the organelles suspended.
16 terms
Human Biology Cell Terms
osmosis
facilitated diffusion
filtration
active transport
the diffusion of water across a membrane from an area of high…
the diffusion of particles that are too large or not soluble…
the process by which water and solutes are forced through a m…
a general term used to describe the movement of substances ac…
osmosis
the diffusion of water across a membrane from an area of high…
facilitated diffusion
the diffusion of particles that are too large or not soluble…
Human Biology - Cell Division
Interphase
Stem Cells
G1 Phase
Sexual Reproduction
The longest part of the cell cycle when the cell carries on i…
A category of cells that are pluripotent and can make daughte…
A part of interphase when the cell matures by making more cyt…
The fusion of gametes (sperm and egg) from two parents which…
Interphase
The longest part of the cell cycle when the cell carries on i…
Stem Cells
A category of cells that are pluripotent and can make daughte…
18 terms
Human Biology - Cell Functions
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Nucleus
Mitochondria
Production and transportation of proteins throughout the cell
Transports materials throughout the cell
Controls all functions within the cell through the actions of…
Power house of cell. Cellular respiration. Provides energy in…
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Production and transportation of proteins throughout the cell
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Transports materials throughout the cell
20 terms
Human Cell Biology
Golgi Apparatus
Rough ER
Smooth ER
Purine
composed of cisternae; modifies, sorts, packages, and transpo…
A network of interconnected membranous sacs in a eukaryotic c…
synthesis of lipids, phospholipids and steroid sex hormones-h…
a nitrogenous base that has a double-ring structure; one of t…
Golgi Apparatus
composed of cisternae; modifies, sorts, packages, and transpo…
Rough ER
A network of interconnected membranous sacs in a eukaryotic c…
104 terms
Human Cell Biology
The _____ is the basic functional unit…
The human body is composed of about 80…
The _____ in the body provide fuel for…
The endocrine glands produce _____.... a)…
b) cell
d) water
c) carbohydrates
a) hormones
The _____ is the basic functional unit…
b) cell
The human body is composed of about 80…
d) water
32 terms
Human Biology 1 Cell Membrane
structure cell membrane
diffusion
osmosis
facilitated diffusion
cell membrane semi-permeable phospholipid bi-layer which make…
structure cell membrane
cell membrane semi-permeable phospholipid bi-layer which make…
diffusion
human and social biology (cells)
cell
cell membrane
nucleaus
vesticles/ small vacuoles
is the basic structural unit of most organisms
controls which substance enter and leave the cell
contains DNA that makes up the chromosomes
small spherical structures that carry substances to the cell…
cell
is the basic structural unit of most organisms
cell membrane
controls which substance enter and leave the cell
17 terms
Human Biology-- Cells
Cells
Multicellular organism
Single cellular organism
5 major kingdoms
little building blocks of any living thing
humans (millions of cells)
bacteria (1 cell)
•animals... •bacteria... •fungus... •plant... •protist
Cells
little building blocks of any living thing
Multicellular organism
humans (millions of cells)
13 terms
Cells (Human Biology)
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Ribosomes
A selectively permeable lipid membrane that controls which su…
Controls cellular activities (Contains DNA and RNA) (If it is…
Site of chemical reactions and gives cell structure
Makes proteins. Amino acids are joined together at the riboso…
Cell Membrane
A selectively permeable lipid membrane that controls which su…
Nucleus
Controls cellular activities (Contains DNA and RNA) (If it is…
12 terms
Human Biology - THE CELL STRUCTURES
Plasma Membrane - outer layer
Cytoplasm - fluid
Lysosome - green bubble
Mitochondrion - large bubble maze
regulates material in and out of cell
material (fluid) surrounding the nucleus
digests substances brought into cell... destroys old parts of ce…
energy generators... recharges ATP in inner membrane (cristae)... p…
Plasma Membrane - outer layer
regulates material in and out of cell
Cytoplasm - fluid
material (fluid) surrounding the nucleus
42 terms
human biology cells
cell membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
endoplasmic reticulum (rough and smooth)
barrier surrounding outside of cell, controls what comes in a…
organelles are suspended in, mostly water, chemical reactions…
contains inherited materials, controls cell activity
surface for chemical reactions, transport of material in cell…
cell membrane
barrier surrounding outside of cell, controls what comes in a…
cytoplasm
organelles are suspended in, mostly water, chemical reactions…
Human Cell Biology
Mitochondria
Chromosome
Golgi Apparatus
Nucleus
"power house" of the cell. Converts oxygen and nutrients into…
tightly coiled DNA. many genes. arranged in linear sequence.…
"packing and shipping center" of the cell. modifies lipids an…
"control center" of the cell. contains chromosomes: the genet…
Mitochondria
"power house" of the cell. Converts oxygen and nutrients into…
Chromosome
tightly coiled DNA. many genes. arranged in linear sequence.…
99 terms
Human Cell Biology
Mitochondria
2) Chromosome
3) Golgi Apparatus
4) Nucleus
Powerhouse of the cell, organelle that is the site of ATP (en…
nuclear DNA and associated proteins organized into discrete s…
composed of cisternae; modifies, sorts, packages, and transpo…
Cell organelle containing most of the genetic material of the…
Mitochondria
Powerhouse of the cell, organelle that is the site of ATP (en…
2) Chromosome
nuclear DNA and associated proteins organized into discrete s…
16 terms
Human Biology - Cell Organelles
cell membrane
cytosol
ribosomes
rough endoplasmic reticulum
controls what goes into and out of the cell
where organelles are suspended and most chemical reactions ta…
makes proteins
makes lipids and proteins
cell membrane
controls what goes into and out of the cell
cytosol
where organelles are suspended and most chemical reactions ta…
Cell transport in human biology
All cells have a cell membrane made of
Plant, fungi and bacteria cells have a
Cell membrane
Homeostasis
Porteins and lipids
Cell wall
Separates the components of the cell from its environment. It…
Stables the internal balance of the cell
All cells have a cell membrane made of
Porteins and lipids
Plant, fungi and bacteria cells have a
Cell wall
BI 107 Human Biology Cells
Unicellular
Multicellular
Cell Theory
Cell
means one cell
two or more cells or many cells
states that all living things are made of cells
Is the smallest unit of life and consists of three components…
Unicellular
means one cell
Multicellular
two or more cells or many cells
6 terms
Human Biology - Cells Exchange Materials
Diffusion
Facilitated Diffusion
Osmosis
Active Transport
Movement of a diffusable substance from high concentration (o…
Movement of a chemical from high to low concentration but usi…
Movement of water from high water concentration to low water…
Movement of a chemical from low concentration to high concent…
Diffusion
Movement of a diffusable substance from high concentration (o…
Facilitated Diffusion
Movement of a chemical from high to low concentration but usi…
Human Biology - Cell structure
What are centrioles?
What is the cell membrane?
what is cytoplasm?
what is the Golgi body? (Golgi apparat…
Each pair of minute cylindrical organelles near the nucleus,…
the thin layer of protein and fat that surround the cell. It…
jelly like material outside the cell nucleus in which the org…
a flattened, layered, sac-like organelle located near the nuc…
What are centrioles?
Each pair of minute cylindrical organelles near the nucleus,…
What is the cell membrane?
the thin layer of protein and fat that surround the cell. It…
12 terms
Human Biology 8 - Cell Content
Organelles
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum (RER)
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum (SER)
Cytoplasmic membrane-enclosed structure with specialized func…
System of cytoplasmic membranes arranged into pockets (sheets…
Ribosomes embedded in membrane - protein synthesis
Lipid and steroid synthesis; carbohydrate metabolism
Organelles
Cytoplasmic membrane-enclosed structure with specialized func…
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)
System of cytoplasmic membranes arranged into pockets (sheets…
23 terms
Human Biology 1 Cell Parts
ribosomes
lysosomes
centrioles
golgi apparatus
small sphere-like structures attached to membranes(SER) or fr…
membranes enclosing digestive enzymes
2 sets of micro tubules at right angles
flat plate-like sacs with surrounding secretory vesicles floa…
ribosomes
small sphere-like structures attached to membranes(SER) or fr…
lysosomes
membranes enclosing digestive enzymes
19 terms
Human Biology 7 - Cell Membranes
Cell Membranes
Nucleus
Nucleoplasm
Cytoplasm
Outermost covering of cell... Separates what's inside the cell f…
Double-membrane bound organelle... Contains DNA in chromosomes a…
Everything in the nucleus
Everything in the cell except the nucleoplasm
Cell Membranes
Outermost covering of cell... Separates what's inside the cell f…
Nucleus
Double-membrane bound organelle... Contains DNA in chromosomes a…
Human Biology - Cell Structure and Function
Active Transport
Adhering Junctions
Carrier Protein
Cell
Uses energy to move molecules against their concentration gra…
An intercellular junction that allows stretching of animal ti…
Membrane protein which alters shape to move glucose or amino…
Smallest Unit of life.
Active Transport
Uses energy to move molecules against their concentration gra…
Adhering Junctions
An intercellular junction that allows stretching of animal ti…
10 terms
Human Biology: Cells
Cell Membrane
cytoplasm
endoplasmic reticulum
Ribosomes
thin layer that separates cells from neighbouring cells. Cont…
thick liquid which suspends the organelles inside the cell. P…
surface for chemical reactions, transports materials within t…
site for protein manufacture, open attached to endoplasmic re…
Cell Membrane
thin layer that separates cells from neighbouring cells. Cont…
cytoplasm
thick liquid which suspends the organelles inside the cell. P…
Cell and Human Biology
Diffusion
Concentration Gradient
Equilibrium
Osmosis
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
A difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
A state of balance
Diffusion of water through a partially permeable membrane
Diffusion
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
Concentration Gradient
A difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
44 terms
Human Biology Cells
Cell Theory
What are the two cells types?
Cell Membrane
Hydrophobic
All living things composed of cells and new cells only come f…
Prokaryotic- no nucleus and Eukaryotic- has nucleus
Allows molecules in and out selectively ... Made of lipids and p…
Tails toward inside
Cell Theory
All living things composed of cells and new cells only come f…
What are the two cells types?
Prokaryotic- no nucleus and Eukaryotic- has nucleus
16 terms
Human biology ( CELLS)
Active Site
Active transport
Facilitated transport
Hypertonic
Place where substrates are brought together to react.
Carriers material across of the membrane against a concentrat…
Transport the molecule from higher to lover concentration.
Lower concentration of water than cell.
Active Site
Place where substrates are brought together to react.
Active transport
Carriers material across of the membrane against a concentrat…
Human Biology- Cells
Mitosis... Stages
Mitosis ... Definition
Mitosis... Interphase
Mitosis ... Prophase
Interphase ... Prophase... Prometaphase... Metaphase ... Anaphase... Te…
The process by which cells divide into two
DNA and organelle replication
Chromosomes appear ... (2 chromatids join at centromere) ... Centr…
Mitosis... Stages
Interphase ... Prophase... Prometaphase... Metaphase ... Anaphase... Te…
Mitosis ... Definition
The process by which cells divide into two
Cells in human biology
Macrophage
Fibroblast
Adipocyte
Astrocytes
Phagocytosis of cell debris... Initiate immune response ... Derived…
Most abundant cells in connective tissue... Make all fibres and…
Thin rim of cytoplasm containing a lipid droplet... Peripheral n…
Brain blood barrier
Macrophage
Phagocytosis of cell debris... Initiate immune response ... Derived…
Fibroblast
Most abundant cells in connective tissue... Make all fibres and…
Human cells- Higher Human Biology
What are the 3 types of body cells?
What are somatic cells?
What is differentiation?
How do cells differentiate?
Somatic cells... Germline cells ... Gametes
Diploid body cells that divide by mitosis
The process by which a cells develops specialised functions
By switching off certain genes and only expressing rose to ma…
What are the 3 types of body cells?
Somatic cells... Germline cells ... Gametes
What are somatic cells?
Diploid body cells that divide by mitosis
11 terms
Human Biology-Cell Division
Somatic cells
Sex cells
mitosis
meiosis
body cells, everything but the sex cells
gametes 1. testes sperm, 2. ovum ovaries.
division of the nucleus
when the cell divides into 23 chromosomes in the gonads.
Somatic cells
body cells, everything but the sex cells
Sex cells
gametes 1. testes sperm, 2. ovum ovaries.
Human Biology - Cell Respiration
Metabolism
Catabolism
Anabolism
Cellular Respiration
All the chemical reactions that take place in the cell. They…
Breaks large molecules into smaller ones (releases energy)
Builds up smaller molecules into larger ones (requires energy)
Organic molecules are broken down in the cells to release ene…
Metabolism
All the chemical reactions that take place in the cell. They…
Catabolism
Breaks large molecules into smaller ones (releases energy)
Human Biology: Cells
Cell membrane
Cellular respiration
Centriole
Cytoplasm
A membrane that forms the external boundary of a cell; also c…
The chemical reactions that make energy available for the cel…
A structure in a cell consisting of two rings of microtubules…
The contents of a cell, excluding the nucleus.
Cell membrane
A membrane that forms the external boundary of a cell; also c…
Cellular respiration
The chemical reactions that make energy available for the cel…
Human Biology Cell Terms
osmosis
facilitated diffusion
filtration
active transport
the diffusion of water across a membrane from an area of high…
the diffusion of particles that are too large or not soluble…
the process by which water and solutes are forced through a m…
a general term used to describe the movement of substances ac…
osmosis
the diffusion of water across a membrane from an area of high…
facilitated diffusion
the diffusion of particles that are too large or not soluble…
10 terms
Human Blood Cell Biology
receptors
signal transduction
Autocrine and paracrine agents
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs)
recognize specific extraceullular stimuli. In response to the…
the process of sensing external stimuli and conveying the inh…
horomone-like compounds from the secreting cell or cells nearby
composed of seven membrane-spanning helices, promote activati…
receptors
recognize specific extraceullular stimuli. In response to the…
signal transduction
the process of sensing external stimuli and conveying the inh…
14 terms
Human Biology (inside cells)
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Contents of the cell outside of the nucleus
Jellylike fluid inside cell membrane
Contains genes
Produces ribosomes
Cytoplasm
Contents of the cell outside of the nucleus
Cytosol
Jellylike fluid inside cell membrane
Human Biology: Cell Division
Genes
DNA
Chromosomes
Chromatids
The basic physical unit of heredity.
Deoxyribonucleic acid ... Biological information storage
Coiled structures made of DNA and protiens
One copy of a duplicated chromosome
Genes
The basic physical unit of heredity.
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid ... Biological information storage
Human Biology (cell division)
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
The parents prepare for division; DNA and the centrioles repl…
The chromatids condense and form chromosomes. The nuclear env…
The chromosomes align on the equator of the spindle.
The chromosomes are pulled apart, with chromatids moving to o…
Interphase
The parents prepare for division; DNA and the centrioles repl…
Prophase
The chromatids condense and form chromosomes. The nuclear env…
Biology human cells
Stem cell
Differentiation
Embryonic
Tissue/Adult
An unspecialised cell that can differentiate into a range of…
The process in which an unspecialised cell becomes specialised
The cell is capable of differentiating into all cell types
Narrower differentiation potential - can continuously supply…
Stem cell
An unspecialised cell that can differentiate into a range of…
Differentiation
The process in which an unspecialised cell becomes specialised
23 terms
Cell Biology - Human Evolution
Blending Inheritance
Problem with Blending Inheritance
Pangenisis
Gemmules
The belief that traits from Mom and Dad are "mixed" like liqu…
Can't explain outlying traits
Darwin's theory, all cells in the body are infused with part-…
can be altered over the course of a life time
Blending Inheritance
The belief that traits from Mom and Dad are "mixed" like liqu…
Problem with Blending Inheritance
Can't explain outlying traits
15 terms
Blood Cells Human Biology
Erythrocyte
Leukocyte
Granulocyte
Agranulocyte
red blood cell w/ hemoglobin.
white blood cell.
white blood cells that contain granules.
no (lacking) granules.
Erythrocyte
red blood cell w/ hemoglobin.
Leukocyte
white blood cell.
18 terms
Human biology cell organelles
Nucleus
Cell membrane
Endoplasmic reticulum
Golgi body
Contains the inherited material that controls the cells activ…
Surrounds the cell and forms the boundary of the cell. It dec…
the membranes of the endoplasmic reticulum provide a surface…
modifies proteins and packages them for secretion from the ce…
Nucleus
Contains the inherited material that controls the cells activ…
Cell membrane
Surrounds the cell and forms the boundary of the cell. It dec…
27 terms
Human Biology- Chromosomes, Cell Division
We begin life as a single cell known a…
2 Types of Cell Division
Number of Chromosomes
Humans have 23 different chromosomes.…
-Zygote... -Sperm... -Egg
-Meiosis- making of egg or sperm in the gonads... -Mitosis- Tiss…
- 23 different pairs... n= # of chromosomes... - Each gamete has 23…
- 22 autosomes (body chromosomes)... - 1 (pair) sex chromsomes... n…
We begin life as a single cell known a…
-Zygote... -Sperm... -Egg
2 Types of Cell Division
-Meiosis- making of egg or sperm in the gonads... -Mitosis- Tiss…
HUMAN BIOLOGY - CELLS
What is a cell membrane?
What is the endoplasmic reticulum?
What is the nuclear membrane?
What is the golgi body?
A double layer of lipid molecules and associated proteins.
Pairs of parallel membranes
A double membrane that has gaps called nuclear pores
A flattened, membranous bags stacked on each other
What is a cell membrane?
A double layer of lipid molecules and associated proteins.
What is the endoplasmic reticulum?
Pairs of parallel membranes
Cell Transport in Human Biology
Cell Membrane(what it is)
Cell membrane function
"Gatekeeper" of the cell
Homeostasis
All cells have this. It is made out of lipids and proteins. I…
Separates compounds of the cell from its environment surround…
Regulates the flow of materials into and out of the cell
Stable internal balance
Cell Membrane(what it is)
All cells have this. It is made out of lipids and proteins. I…
Cell membrane function
Separates compounds of the cell from its environment surround…
16 terms
HUMAN BIOLOGY - STEM CELLS
Stem cell
Proliferation
Differentiation
Tissue
Undifferentiated cells capable of giving rise to more and mor…
Replication of cells many times over
Unspecialised cells develop characteristics and functions of…
A group of cells that work together to perform a common funct…
Stem cell
Undifferentiated cells capable of giving rise to more and mor…
Proliferation
Replication of cells many times over
30 terms
10th grade biology: The Animal Cell; Human cell
Cells
Cell Membrane
Cell Membrane function
Cytoplasm
The building blocks of the body
Protects the cell. It keeps wrong chemicals from entering the…
Has pores in the skin to absorb nutrients and eliminate waste.
The liquid inside the cell.
Cells
The building blocks of the body
Cell Membrane
Protects the cell. It keeps wrong chemicals from entering the…
3. Human Biology - Cells
What is a cell?
What do cells do?
What is a plasma membrane?
What is a nucleus? And what does it co…
The smallest unit of an organism.
Are building blocks of all living things.
It is a wall that divides the inter-cellular environment from…
The control centre of the cell.... Contains DNA.
What is a cell?
The smallest unit of an organism.
What do cells do?
Are building blocks of all living things.
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