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Study sets matching "human cells biology"

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Study sets matching "human cells biology"

9 terms
Human Biology - Cell Respiration
Metabolism
Catabolism
Anabolism
Cellular Respiration
All the chemical reactions that take place in the cell. They…
Breaks large molecules into smaller ones (releases energy)
Builds up smaller molecules into larger ones (requires energy)
Organic molecules are broken down in the cells to release ene…
Metabolism
All the chemical reactions that take place in the cell. They…
Catabolism
Breaks large molecules into smaller ones (releases energy)
15 terms
Blood Cells Human Biology
Erythrocyte
Leukocyte
Granulocyte
Agranulocyte
red blood cell w/ hemoglobin.
white blood cell.
white blood cells that contain granules.
no (lacking) granules.
Erythrocyte
red blood cell w/ hemoglobin.
Leukocyte
white blood cell.
64 terms
Biology: Human Cells
Differentiation
Specialisation
Fertilisation
Ethics
when certain genes are switched off in a specialised cell (so…
process where unspecialized cells become altered and adapted…
joining of male and female gametes to form zygote (fertilised…
moral values and rules
Differentiation
when certain genes are switched off in a specialised cell (so…
Specialisation
process where unspecialized cells become altered and adapted…
18 terms
Human biology cell organelles
Nucleus
Cell membrane
Endoplasmic reticulum
Golgi body
Contains the inherited material that controls the cells activ…
Surrounds the cell and forms the boundary of the cell. It dec…
the membranes of the endoplasmic reticulum provide a surface…
modifies proteins and packages them for secretion from the ce…
Nucleus
Contains the inherited material that controls the cells activ…
Cell membrane
Surrounds the cell and forms the boundary of the cell. It dec…
113 terms
Human Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell
tissues
What are the main principles of cell t…
Extracellular matrix ( EMC)
smallest unit of life
organized multicellular cells
1. Cell is the basic unit of life... 2. All living organisms are…
Meshwork of proteins and polysaccharides in close association…
cell
smallest unit of life
tissues
organized multicellular cells
30 terms
10th grade biology: The Animal Cell; Human cell
Cells
Cell Membrane
Cell Membrane function
Cytoplasm
The building blocks of the body
Protects the cell. It keeps wrong chemicals from entering the…
Has pores in the skin to absorb nutrients and eliminate waste.
The liquid inside the cell.
Cells
The building blocks of the body
Cell Membrane
Protects the cell. It keeps wrong chemicals from entering the…
12 terms
Human Biology 8 - Cell Content
Organelles
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum (RER)
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum (SER)
Cytoplasmic membrane-enclosed structure with specialized func…
System of cytoplasmic membranes arranged into pockets (sheets…
Ribosomes embedded in membrane - protein synthesis
Lipid and steroid synthesis; carbohydrate metabolism
Organelles
Cytoplasmic membrane-enclosed structure with specialized func…
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)
System of cytoplasmic membranes arranged into pockets (sheets…
12 terms
Cell Transport (ATAR Human Biology Unit 1)
Describe the structure of the cell mem…
Active Process
Passive Process
Osmosis
Consist of two phospholipid layers (or bilayer). Phospholipid…
Requires ATP and moves against concentration gradient. (Low t…
Does not require ATP and moves across concentration gradient.…
Passive process. Movement of water (H2O) through channel prot…
Describe the structure of the cell mem…
Consist of two phospholipid layers (or bilayer). Phospholipid…
Active Process
Requires ATP and moves against concentration gradient. (Low t…
19 terms
Human Biology 7 - Cell Membranes
Cell Membranes
Nucleus
Nucleoplasm
Cytoplasm
Outermost covering of cell... Separates what's inside the cell f…
Double-membrane bound organelle... Contains DNA in chromosomes a…
Everything in the nucleus
Everything in the cell except the nucleoplasm
Cell Membranes
Outermost covering of cell... Separates what's inside the cell f…
Nucleus
Double-membrane bound organelle... Contains DNA in chromosomes a…
19 terms
Visualizing Human Biology - Chapter 4: Cells: Organization and Communication
organelle
keratin
melanin
carotene
Typically, a membrane-bound structure suspended in the cytoso…
Tough, fibrous proteins that form hard structures, such as ha…
A dark brown, UV-light-absorbing pigment produced by specific…
A yellow-orange pigment.
organelle
Typically, a membrane-bound structure suspended in the cytoso…
keratin
Tough, fibrous proteins that form hard structures, such as ha…
10 terms
Human Biology parts of the cell
cell membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
ribosomes
selectively permeable, double layered membrane that controls…
jelly like fluid within the cell, in which organelles are sus…
largest organelle, that is spherical in shape, that is enclos…
very small, spherical in shape. Free in the cytoplasm or atta…
cell membrane
selectively permeable, double layered membrane that controls…
cytoplasm
jelly like fluid within the cell, in which organelles are sus…
23 terms
Cells and Human Biology Unit Review
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
many-celled organisms
cells are the basic unit of structure and function in living…
controls what enters and leaves the cell
organelle that is the control center of a cell
have specialized cells
cell theory
cells are the basic unit of structure and function in living…
cell membrane
controls what enters and leaves the cell
8 terms
Human biology cell quiz
Plasma membrane
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Endoplasmic reticulum
Cell boundary
Surrounded by nuclear membrane
Gel like mix, surrounded by cell membrane, contains hereditar…
Moves materials around in a cell
Plasma membrane
Cell boundary
Nucleus
Surrounded by nuclear membrane
58 terms
Human Biology - Cell Structure and Function
Active Transport
Adhering Junctions
Carrier Protein
Cell
Uses energy to move molecules against their concentration gra…
An intercellular junction that allows stretching of animal ti…
Membrane protein which alters shape to move glucose or amino…
Smallest Unit of life.
Active Transport
Uses energy to move molecules against their concentration gra…
Adhering Junctions
An intercellular junction that allows stretching of animal ti…
37 terms
Human Biology | Cell Respiration
What are the two stages of cell respir…
What is the balanced chemical formula…
What are the four steps of cell respir…
What are the reactants and products of…
Anaerobic; aerobic
C6H12O6 + 6O2 → 6CO2 + 6H2O
1. Glycolysis... 2. Pyruvate Decarboxylation... 3. Krebs Cycle... 4. O…
C6H12O6 + 2NAD+ + 2ATP → 2 Pyruvate + 2 NADH + 4ATP
What are the two stages of cell respir…
Anaerobic; aerobic
What is the balanced chemical formula…
C6H12O6 + 6O2 → 6CO2 + 6H2O
38 terms
Biology human and cell reproduction
what is a diploid number in humans
how are the 46 chromosomes arranged
what is mitosis used for
how many cells does mitosis produce
46 chromosomes
as 23 homologous pairs
growth, development and repair
2 daughter cells
what is a diploid number in humans
46 chromosomes
how are the 46 chromosomes arranged
as 23 homologous pairs
10 terms
Human Cells
zygote
stem cells
pluripotent
germline cells
fertilized egg
are undifferentiated and can divide to form specialized cells
cells are capable of dividing to form all types of specialize…
situated in the testes and ovaries (can replace by mitosis an…
zygote
fertilized egg
stem cells
are undifferentiated and can divide to form specialized cells
23 terms
Human Biology Chapter 3 Cells
membrane proteins
exocytosis
endocytosis
pintocytosis
support, transport, cell to cell recognition
transport out
transport in
cellular drinking
membrane proteins
support, transport, cell to cell recognition
exocytosis
transport out
91 terms
Human Biology Cells & Tissues Vocabulary
Cell
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Basic unit of life
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
A cell structure that contains nucleic acids, the chemical in…
Cell
Basic unit of life
Cell Membrane
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
32 terms
Human Biology Chpt: 3 - Cells
Cells
Tissues
Organs
Organ System
Smallest unit of life and are the basic structural and functi…
groups of the same cell type working together to perform a sp…
two or more tissue types working together to perform a functi…
two or more organs working together to perform a general func…
Cells
Smallest unit of life and are the basic structural and functi…
Tissues
groups of the same cell type working together to perform a sp…
40 terms
Human Biology: The Cell & Transport Mechanisms
Cell
Three major regions that make up the c…
Nucleus
Chromatin
structural and functional unit of all living things
nucleus, the plasma membrane, and the cytoplasm
Often described as the control center of the cell. Contains t…
When the cell is not dividing, the genetic material is loosel…
Cell
structural and functional unit of all living things
Three major regions that make up the c…
nucleus, the plasma membrane, and the cytoplasm
91 terms
Human Biology Cells & Tissues Vocabulary
Cells
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Basic unit of life
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
Cells
Basic unit of life
Cell membrane
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
124 terms
Highe Human Biology Unit 2- human cells
Body is made up of three types of cell…
What do germline, somatic cells and ga…
Somatic cells
What is differentiation? ... How does it…
Germline cells... Somatic cells... Gametes
Somatic cells - divide by mitosis - (46) ... Germline cells -div…
- Diploid body cells which divide by mitosis to form more som…
Process by which a cell develops specialised functions ... Work…
Body is made up of three types of cell…
Germline cells... Somatic cells... Gametes
What do germline, somatic cells and ga…
Somatic cells - divide by mitosis - (46) ... Germline cells -div…
13 terms
Human Biology- Butte College- Cells
Plasma Membrane
Cytoskeleton
Golgi Apparatus
Mitochondrion
Made up of a phospholipid bilayer with embedded proteins that…
The network of protein fibers that collectively maintains the…
A eukaryotic organelle made up of a series of stacked membran…
The cellular organelles responsible for carrying out cellular…
Plasma Membrane
Made up of a phospholipid bilayer with embedded proteins that…
Cytoskeleton
The network of protein fibers that collectively maintains the…
81 terms
Biology of Humans "The Cell"
Bacteria cells differ from most of our…
As the surface area of a cell increase…
Our cell membranes are _____.
When a membrane is said to be selectiv…
do not have a nucleus
increases at a faster rate
fluid mixtures of molecules that regulate the movement of mat…
the cell regulates what passes in and out
Bacteria cells differ from most of our…
do not have a nucleus
As the surface area of a cell increase…
increases at a faster rate
19 terms
HUMAN BIOLOGY- CELLS EXCHANGE MATERIALS
cell requirements
cell requirements... tissue fluid... extracu…
cell requirements
cell requirements
cells need to have a stable environment... continual supply of m…
immediate environment of cell is the fluid that surrounds it…
body cells work together to make sure cellular environment is…
to carry out functions cells need substances to be taken from…
cell requirements
cells need to have a stable environment... continual supply of m…
cell requirements... tissue fluid... extracu…
immediate environment of cell is the fluid that surrounds it…
31 terms
Human Biology - Cell structure and DNA
Linus Pauling
Purines
Pyramidines
DNA replicates in a
DNA has 4 nucleotides (but too simple to encode proteins) ... Pr…
A & G
C & T
5' to 3' direction
Linus Pauling
DNA has 4 nucleotides (but too simple to encode proteins) ... Pr…
Purines
A & G
58 terms
Human Biology - Cell Structure and Function
Active Transport
Adhering Junctions
Carrier Protein
Cell
Uses energy to move molecules against their concentration gra…
An intercellular junction that allows stretching of animal ti…
Membrane protein which alters shape to move glucose or amino…
Smallest Unit of life.
Active Transport
Uses energy to move molecules against their concentration gra…
Adhering Junctions
An intercellular junction that allows stretching of animal ti…
13 terms
Higher Human Biology - Human Cells - DNA
Structure
4 types of base
Adenine matches with....
Guanine matches with....
DNA is made up of 2 strands of nucleotides, twisted into a do…
Adenine, Thymine, Guanine, Cytosine
Thymine
Cytosine
Structure
DNA is made up of 2 strands of nucleotides, twisted into a do…
4 types of base
Adenine, Thymine, Guanine, Cytosine
11 terms
Human Biology - New Body Cells
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Interphase
Prophase
Cells are constantly reproducing... -Replacement of damaged, wor…
The process of division of the nucleus of a cell in which the…
The period between nuclear divisions ... Cell goes through G1,…
1st phase of Mitosis... Chromatin coils to become chromosomes... -E…
Cell Cycle
Cells are constantly reproducing... -Replacement of damaged, wor…
Mitosis
The process of division of the nucleus of a cell in which the…
35 terms
Biology tutorial 2 Human cells
Endoderm
Ectoderm
Mesoderm
Chorionic villi
Epithelial linings of the digestive tract, respiratory tract,…
the outermost layer of cells or tissue of an embryo in early…
the middle layer of cells or tissues of an embryo, or the par…
villi that sprout from the chorion to provide maximum contact…
Endoderm
Epithelial linings of the digestive tract, respiratory tract,…
Ectoderm
the outermost layer of cells or tissue of an embryo in early…
28 terms
HIGHER HUMAN BIOLOGY: HUMAN CELLS - Gene Expression
Cell Genotype
Cell Phenotype
Gene Expression
No, only a fraction of the genes in a…
The genetic composition of a cell.... determined by the specific…
The Cell's physical and chemical state - what it looks like,…
The process by which information from genes is decoded into p…
Are all genes expressed within a cell?
Cell Genotype
The genetic composition of a cell.... determined by the specific…
Cell Phenotype
The Cell's physical and chemical state - what it looks like,…
15 terms
Biology- Human Genetics- Cell Cycle
Cell Cycle
New body cells are needed for...
Cell Cycle consists of 2 main parts
Interphase
makes new body cells
1. Growth... 2. Replace dead and worn out cells
Interphase... Mitosis
During interphase a cell is carrying out normal functions and…
Cell Cycle
makes new body cells
New body cells are needed for...
1. Growth... 2. Replace dead and worn out cells
10 terms
Cell structure & function. Human biology
Rough E.R.
Smooth E.R.
Golgi Apparatus
Vesicles
Attached ribosomes, synthesis most chemical compounds
Packing proteins & lipids for G.A.
Refining, packaging & shipping center
Membrane bound storage & shipping containers
Rough E.R.
Attached ribosomes, synthesis most chemical compounds
Smooth E.R.
Packing proteins & lipids for G.A.
55 terms
Human Biology - Cell Structure and Function
Active Transport
Adhering Junctions
Carrier Protein
Cell
Uses energy to move molecules against their concentration gra…
An intercellular junction that allows stretching of animal ti…
Membrane protein which alters shape to move glucose or amino…
Smallest Unit of life.
Active Transport
Uses energy to move molecules against their concentration gra…
Adhering Junctions
An intercellular junction that allows stretching of animal ti…
10 terms
Human Biology: Production of Sex Cells
Key Terms
Male Reproductive System
Male Reproductive Tract
Female Reproductive System
The survival on any species depend on reproduction... Human spec…
Male gonads consist of two testes... -Testes responsible for pro…
Epididymis... -Highly folded tubule (5-6 metres in length) allow…
Female gonads consist of two ovaries... -Responsible for product…
Key Terms
The survival on any species depend on reproduction... Human spec…
Male Reproductive System
Male gonads consist of two testes... -Testes responsible for pro…
28 terms
Human Biology: Cell Reproduction & Differentiation
Anaphase
Cell Cycle
Chromosome
Clone
third stage of mitosis, in which the two sets of daughter chr…
repeating series of events in which a eukaryotic cell grows,…
rodlike structure of tightly coiled chromatin
producing identical copies
Anaphase
third stage of mitosis, in which the two sets of daughter chr…
Cell Cycle
repeating series of events in which a eukaryotic cell grows,…
15 terms
UNIT 1 : HUMAN CELLS : HIGHER HUMAN BIOLOGY
Cell Differentiation
How do somatic cells divide?
What are the 2 types of stem cells?
What are stem cells?
The process by which a cell develops more specialised functio…
By mitosis
Tissues stem cells (adult stem cells)... Embryonic stem cells
Unspecialised somatic cells that can divide to make copies of…
Cell Differentiation
The process by which a cell develops more specialised functio…
How do somatic cells divide?
By mitosis
33 terms
7L.1 - Cell Biology and Human Body
Cell
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
Organelle
The basic unit of life. Cells make up all living organisms. C…
A type of cell that is very simple with few internal organell…
A type of cell that is more complex because it has internal o…
A tiny organ that does the work of a cell. There are many org…
Cell
The basic unit of life. Cells make up all living organisms. C…
Prokaryotic
A type of cell that is very simple with few internal organell…
55 terms
Human Biology Cells & Tissues Vocab
Cell
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, t…
the semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cell.
the material or protoplasm within a living cell, excluding th…
the central and most important part of an object, movement, o…
Cell
the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, t…
Cell Membrane
the semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cell.
142 terms
Human Biology Unit 1: Human Cells
Cancer Cell
Connective Tissue
Differentiation
Diploid
Grows and divides in an unregulated way to produce a tumour
Tissue that supports, connects or separates other body tissues
Changes to cells that allow them to specialise for different…
refers to a cell having two sets of chromosomes
Cancer Cell
Grows and divides in an unregulated way to produce a tumour
Connective Tissue
Tissue that supports, connects or separates other body tissues
37 terms
Human Biology: Cells of the Nervous System
Neurons
Glial
Astrocytes
Oligodendrocytes
Involved with processing information. Each neuron is individu…
Involved with the maintenance of neurons; it also does some p…
A type of glial cell; Nourish neurons, clean-up dead neurons…
A type of glial cell; Provide the fatty Myelin in the CNS
Neurons
Involved with processing information. Each neuron is individu…
Glial
Involved with the maintenance of neurons; it also does some p…
87 terms
Human Biology Cells+Tissue Vocabulary
cell
cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Basic unit of life
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
cell
Basic unit of life
cell membrane
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
91 terms
Human Biology Cells & Tissues Vocabulary
Cell
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleous
Basic unit of life
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
One group cells, it hold the cells DNA together.
Cell
Basic unit of life
Cell Membrane
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
91 terms
Human Biology Cells & Tissues Vocabulary
Cell
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
the basic biological and structural unit of the body consisti…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
the gel-like substance of a cell exclusive of the nucleus and…
a spherical structure within a cell; a group of neuron cell b…
Cell
the basic biological and structural unit of the body consisti…
Cell membrane
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
91 terms
Human Biology: Cells & Tissue Vocab
Cell
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Basic unit of life
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
Cell
Basic unit of life
Cell Membrane
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
10 terms
HIGHER BIOLOGY: HUMAN CELLS - Structure & Replication of DNA
Structure of DNA
Structure of a DNA nucleotide
the 4 DNA bases (in their complementar…
Stages of DNA Replication
two strands of nucleotides which have a sugar-phosphate backb…
deoxyribose sugar, phosphate and a base (ATCG).
Adenine & Thymine... Cytosine & Guanine
1. DNA Double Helix Unwinds... 2. Hydrogen bonds between base pa…
Structure of DNA
two strands of nucleotides which have a sugar-phosphate backb…
Structure of a DNA nucleotide
deoxyribose sugar, phosphate and a base (ATCG).
91 terms
Human Biology Cells & Tissues Vocabulary
Cell
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleous
Basic unit of life
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
One group cells, it hold the cells DNA together.
Cell
Basic unit of life
Cell Membrane
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
59 terms
Human Anatomy: Cell Biology Review
Levels of organizations from basic to…
At the molecular level, there are two…
list four inorganic compounds essentia…
list four organic macromolecules essen…
atoms, molecules, cells, tissue, organs, organ systems, organ…
inorganic and organic
water, oxygen, salts, and acids
carbohydrates (main energy source), lipids (protections and e…
Levels of organizations from basic to…
atoms, molecules, cells, tissue, organs, organ systems, organ…
At the molecular level, there are two…
inorganic and organic
233 terms
Human Cell Biology Unit 3
differentiation
potency
progenitor cell
maturation
process during which young, immature (unspecialized) cells ta…
differentiation potential, the capacity to differentiate into…
Cells that are between differentiated cells and stem cells. H…
An inherited sequence of developmental stages. The rate of th…
differentiation
process during which young, immature (unspecialized) cells ta…
potency
differentiation potential, the capacity to differentiate into…
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