Study sets matching "human cells biology"

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Study sets matching "human cells biology"

15 terms
HIGHER HUMAN BIOLOGY: HUMAN CELLS - Human Genomics
human genome
human genomics
genome sequencing
can be used to gain info about entire…
the complete set of genetic information found in a human
study of the human genome
determining the sequence of nucleotide bases along the DNA
Why is genome sequencing useful?
human genome
the complete set of genetic information found in a human
human genomics
study of the human genome
3. Human Biology - Cells
What is a cell?
What do cells do?
What is a plasma membrane?
What is a nucleus? And what does it co…
The smallest unit of an organism.
Are building blocks of all living things.
It is a wall that divides the inter-cellular environment from…
The control centre of the cell.... Contains DNA.
What is a cell?
The smallest unit of an organism.
What do cells do?
Are building blocks of all living things.
31 terms
Biology: Human cells
AGAINST using Embryonic Stem Cells
FOR using Embryonic Stem Cells
What are model cells used for?
Possible solutions to the Embryonic St…
A human life begins with a fertilised egg and it should not b…
A fertilised egg is not a person, although it has the potenti…
Stem Cells can be used as model cells to study how diseases d…
Use Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells (IPS) - these are stem cel…
AGAINST using Embryonic Stem Cells
A human life begins with a fertilised egg and it should not b…
FOR using Embryonic Stem Cells
A fertilised egg is not a person, although it has the potenti…
8 terms
Human biology cell quiz
Plasma membrane
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Endoplasmic reticulum
Cell boundary
Surrounded by nuclear membrane
Gel like mix, surrounded by cell membrane, contains hereditar…
Moves materials around in a cell
Plasma membrane
Cell boundary
Nucleus
Surrounded by nuclear membrane
Human Biology Chapter 3 Cells
membrane proteins
exocytosis
endocytosis
pintocytosis
support, transport, cell to cell recognition
transport out
transport in
cellular drinking
membrane proteins
support, transport, cell to cell recognition
exocytosis
transport out
91 terms
Human Biology Cells & Tissues Vocabulary
Cells
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Basic unit of life
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
Cells
Basic unit of life
Cell membrane
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
91 terms
Human Biology Cells & Tissues Vocabulary
Cell
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Basic unit of life
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
A cell structure that contains nucleic acids, the chemical in…
Cell
Basic unit of life
Cell Membrane
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
32 terms
Human Biology Chpt: 3 - Cells
Cells
Tissues
Organs
Organ System
Smallest unit of life and are the basic structural and functi…
groups of the same cell type working together to perform a sp…
two or more tissue types working together to perform a functi…
two or more organs working together to perform a general func…
Cells
Smallest unit of life and are the basic structural and functi…
Tissues
groups of the same cell type working together to perform a sp…
37 terms
Human Biology | Cell Respiration
What are the two stages of cell respir…
What is the balanced chemical formula…
What are the four steps of cell respir…
What are the reactants and products of…
Anaerobic; aerobic
C6H12O6 + 6O2 → 6CO2 + 6H2O
1. Glycolysis... 2. Pyruvate Decarboxylation... 3. Krebs Cycle... 4. O…
C6H12O6 + 2NAD+ + 2ATP → 2 Pyruvate + 2 NADH + 4ATP
What are the two stages of cell respir…
Anaerobic; aerobic
What is the balanced chemical formula…
C6H12O6 + 6O2 → 6CO2 + 6H2O
23 terms
Cells and Human Biology Unit Review
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
many-celled organisms
cells are the basic unit of structure and function in living…
controls what enters and leaves the cell
organelle that is the control center of a cell
have specialized cells
cell theory
cells are the basic unit of structure and function in living…
cell membrane
controls what enters and leaves the cell
8 terms
Biology Human Cell Parts
1
2
3
4
Nuclear Membrane
Cell membrane
Nucleolus
Endoplasmic Reticulum
1
Nuclear Membrane
2
Cell membrane
42 terms
human biology cells
cell membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
endoplasmic reticulum (rough and smooth)
barrier surrounding outside of cell, controls what comes in a…
organelles are suspended in, mostly water, chemical reactions…
contains inherited materials, controls cell activity
surface for chemical reactions, transport of material in cell…
cell membrane
barrier surrounding outside of cell, controls what comes in a…
cytoplasm
organelles are suspended in, mostly water, chemical reactions…
6 terms
Human Biology - Cell transport
Passive transport
Diffusion
Osmosis
Active transport
movement of substances within cells with no cellular energy b…
movement of substances from areas of high concentration to ar…
a special case of diffusion. Water molecules moves from areas…
requires cellular energy to be expended due to the movement o…
Passive transport
movement of substances within cells with no cellular energy b…
Diffusion
movement of substances from areas of high concentration to ar…
34 terms
Human Biology - Cell Division
Interphase
Stem Cells
G1 Phase
Sexual Reproduction
The longest part of the cell cycle when the cell carries on i…
A category of cells that are pluripotent and can make daughte…
A part of interphase when the cell matures by making more cyt…
The fusion of gametes (sperm and egg) from two parents which…
Interphase
The longest part of the cell cycle when the cell carries on i…
Stem Cells
A category of cells that are pluripotent and can make daughte…
Human Biology Cells & Tissues
cell
cell membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
the basic biological and structural unit of the body consisti…
a thin layer or sheet surrounding the cell
the gel-like substance of a cell of the nucleus and other org…
spherical structure within a cell; a group of neuron cell bod…
cell
the basic biological and structural unit of the body consisti…
cell membrane
a thin layer or sheet surrounding the cell
91 terms
Human Biology Cells & Tissues
Cell
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Basic unit of life
Thin flexible barrier
Fluid inside the cell membrane
Inside structure that contains the genetic material
Cell
Basic unit of life
Cell Membrane
Thin flexible barrier
Human Biology Cells & Tissues
cell
cell membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
basic unit of life
a thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
a jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
cell
basic unit of life
cell membrane
a thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
30 terms
Human biology (cells)
Cell Membrane
Nucleous
Mitochondria
Chromosomes
The structure which surrounds and contains the contents of a…
Construction DNA in chromosomes. The control centre
Powerhouse responsible for energy production cellular respira…
Densely packed chromatin/ appears to be threadlike one DNA mo…
Cell Membrane
The structure which surrounds and contains the contents of a…
Nucleous
Construction DNA in chromosomes. The control centre
38 terms
Biology human and cell reproduction
what is a diploid number in humans
how are the 46 chromosomes arranged
what is mitosis used for
how many cells does mitosis produce
46 chromosomes
as 23 homologous pairs
growth, development and repair
2 daughter cells
what is a diploid number in humans
46 chromosomes
how are the 46 chromosomes arranged
as 23 homologous pairs
Human Biology- Butte College- Cells
Plasma Membrane
Cytoskeleton
Golgi Apparatus
Mitochondrion
Made up of a phospholipid bilayer with embedded proteins that…
The network of protein fibers that collectively maintains the…
A eukaryotic organelle made up of a series of stacked membran…
The cellular organelles responsible for carrying out cellular…
Plasma Membrane
Made up of a phospholipid bilayer with embedded proteins that…
Cytoskeleton
The network of protein fibers that collectively maintains the…
Biology: Human Cells
Differentiation
Specialisation
Fertilisation
Ethics
when certain genes are switched off in a specialised cell (so…
process where unspecialized cells become altered and adapted…
joining of male and female gametes to form zygote (fertilised…
moral values and rules
Differentiation
when certain genes are switched off in a specialised cell (so…
Specialisation
process where unspecialized cells become altered and adapted…
113 terms
Human Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell
tissues
What are the main principles of cell t…
Extracellular matrix ( EMC)
smallest unit of life
organized multicellular cells
1. Cell is the basic unit of life... 2. All living organisms are…
Meshwork of proteins and polysaccharides in close association…
cell
smallest unit of life
tissues
organized multicellular cells
Biology of Humans "Cell Functions"
Contains almost all the genetic inform…
Studded with ribosomes (sites where th…
Detoxifies drugs; produces membrane
Sorts, modifies, and packages products…
nucleus
rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER)
smooth endoplasmic reticulum (SER)
golgi complex
Contains almost all the genetic inform…
nucleus
Studded with ribosomes (sites where th…
rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER)
10 terms
Human Biology parts of the cell
cell membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
ribosomes
selectively permeable, double layered membrane that controls…
jelly like fluid within the cell, in which organelles are sus…
largest organelle, that is spherical in shape, that is enclos…
very small, spherical in shape. Free in the cytoplasm or atta…
cell membrane
selectively permeable, double layered membrane that controls…
cytoplasm
jelly like fluid within the cell, in which organelles are sus…
Human Biology Cell Structure and Function
CELL WALL
CELL MEMBRANE
CYTOPLASM
NUCLEUS
Rigid, tough, made of cellulose... Protects and supports the cel…
Thin, covering, protects cells... Protects the cell, performs ac…
Jelly like substance that contains organelles... Pads and suppor…
Dense, ball shaped structure, contains DNA... Controls all of th…
CELL WALL
Rigid, tough, made of cellulose... Protects and supports the cel…
CELL MEMBRANE
Thin, covering, protects cells... Protects the cell, performs ac…
HUMAN BIOLOGY- CELLS EXCHANGE MATERIALS
cell requirements
cell requirements... tissue fluid... extracu…
cell requirements
cell requirements
cells need to have a stable environment... continual supply of m…
immediate environment of cell is the fluid that surrounds it…
body cells work together to make sure cellular environment is…
to carry out functions cells need substances to be taken from…
cell requirements
cells need to have a stable environment... continual supply of m…
cell requirements... tissue fluid... extracu…
immediate environment of cell is the fluid that surrounds it…
Biology- Human Genetics- Cell Cycle
Cell Cycle
New body cells are needed for...
Cell Cycle consists of 2 main parts
Interphase
makes new body cells
1. Growth... 2. Replace dead and worn out cells
Interphase... Mitosis
During interphase a cell is carrying out normal functions and…
Cell Cycle
makes new body cells
New body cells are needed for...
1. Growth... 2. Replace dead and worn out cells
10 terms
Cell structure & function. Human biology
Rough E.R.
Smooth E.R.
Golgi Apparatus
Vesicles
Attached ribosomes, synthesis most chemical compounds
Packing proteins & lipids for G.A.
Refining, packaging & shipping center
Membrane bound storage & shipping containers
Rough E.R.
Attached ribosomes, synthesis most chemical compounds
Smooth E.R.
Packing proteins & lipids for G.A.
10 terms
Human Cells
zygote
stem cells
pluripotent
germline cells
fertilized egg
are undifferentiated and can divide to form specialized cells
cells are capable of dividing to form all types of specialize…
situated in the testes and ovaries (can replace by mitosis an…
zygote
fertilized egg
stem cells
are undifferentiated and can divide to form specialized cells
31 terms
Human Biology - Cell structure and DNA
Linus Pauling
Purines
Pyramidines
DNA replicates in a
DNA has 4 nucleotides (but too simple to encode proteins) ... Pr…
A & G
C & T
5' to 3' direction
Linus Pauling
DNA has 4 nucleotides (but too simple to encode proteins) ... Pr…
Purines
A & G
Human Biology: The Cell & Transport Mechanisms
Cell
Three major regions that make up the c…
Nucleus
Chromatin
structural and functional unit of all living things
nucleus, the plasma membrane, and the cytoplasm
Often described as the control center of the cell. Contains t…
When the cell is not dividing, the genetic material is loosel…
Cell
structural and functional unit of all living things
Three major regions that make up the c…
nucleus, the plasma membrane, and the cytoplasm
Human Biology - Cell Structure and Function
Active Transport
Adhering Junctions
Carrier Protein
Cell
Uses energy to move molecules against their concentration gra…
An intercellular junction that allows stretching of animal ti…
Membrane protein which alters shape to move glucose or amino…
Smallest Unit of life.
Active Transport
Uses energy to move molecules against their concentration gra…
Adhering Junctions
An intercellular junction that allows stretching of animal ti…
28 terms
Human Biology: Cell Reproduction & Differentiation
Anaphase
Cell Cycle
Chromosome
Clone
third stage of mitosis, in which the two sets of daughter chr…
repeating series of events in which a eukaryotic cell grows,…
rodlike structure of tightly coiled chromatin
producing identical copies
Anaphase
third stage of mitosis, in which the two sets of daughter chr…
Cell Cycle
repeating series of events in which a eukaryotic cell grows,…
12 terms
Cell Transport (ATAR Human Biology Unit 1)
Describe the structure of the cell mem…
Active Process
Passive Process
Osmosis
Consist of two phospholipid layers (or bilayer). Phospholipid…
Requires ATP and moves against concentration gradient. (Low t…
Does not require ATP and moves across concentration gradient.…
Passive process. Movement of water (H2O) through channel prot…
Describe the structure of the cell mem…
Consist of two phospholipid layers (or bilayer). Phospholipid…
Active Process
Requires ATP and moves against concentration gradient. (Low t…
55 terms
Human Biology - Cell Structure and Function
Active Transport
Adhering Junctions
Carrier Protein
Cell
Uses energy to move molecules against their concentration gra…
An intercellular junction that allows stretching of animal ti…
Membrane protein which alters shape to move glucose or amino…
Smallest Unit of life.
Active Transport
Uses energy to move molecules against their concentration gra…
Adhering Junctions
An intercellular junction that allows stretching of animal ti…
Biology of Humans "The Cell"
Bacteria cells differ from most of our…
As the surface area of a cell increase…
Our cell membranes are _____.
When a membrane is said to be selectiv…
do not have a nucleus
increases at a faster rate
fluid mixtures of molecules that regulate the movement of mat…
the cell regulates what passes in and out
Bacteria cells differ from most of our…
do not have a nucleus
As the surface area of a cell increase…
increases at a faster rate
37 terms
Human Biology: Cells of the Nervous System
Neurons
Glial
Astrocytes
Oligodendrocytes
Involved with processing information. Each neuron is individu…
Involved with the maintenance of neurons; it also does some p…
A type of glial cell; Nourish neurons, clean-up dead neurons…
A type of glial cell; Provide the fatty Myelin in the CNS
Neurons
Involved with processing information. Each neuron is individu…
Glial
Involved with the maintenance of neurons; it also does some p…
44 terms
Human Biology Unit 4 Cells
Vacuole
Golgi Bodies
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Nucleus
Stores water, food, or waste
Packages proteins
Highway of the cell ... Series of cavities transports new cellul…
Command center... DNA and Chromosomes in it
Vacuole
Stores water, food, or waste
Golgi Bodies
Packages proteins
Human Biology Cells & Tissues Vocabulary
Cell
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleous
Basic unit of life
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
One group cells, it hold the cells DNA together.
Cell
Basic unit of life
Cell Membrane
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
Human Biology Cells+Tissue Vocabulary
cell
cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Basic unit of life
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
cell
Basic unit of life
cell membrane
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
233 terms
Human Cell Biology Unit 3
differentiation
potency
progenitor cell
maturation
process during which young, immature (unspecialized) cells ta…
differentiation potential, the capacity to differentiate into…
Cells that are between differentiated cells and stem cells. H…
An inherited sequence of developmental stages. The rate of th…
differentiation
process during which young, immature (unspecialized) cells ta…
potency
differentiation potential, the capacity to differentiate into…
149 terms
Human Cell Biology Unit 2
karyotype
ploidy
sister chromatid
homologous
the arrangement of chromosomes according to their size and nu…
number of complete chromosome sets present. Haploid refers to…
DNA replication produces two identical DNA molecules called _…
two chromosomes with two sister chromatids
karyotype
the arrangement of chromosomes according to their size and nu…
ploidy
number of complete chromosome sets present. Haploid refers to…
59 terms
Human Anatomy: Cell Biology Review
Levels of organizations from basic to…
At the molecular level, there are two…
list four inorganic compounds essentia…
list four organic macromolecules essen…
atoms, molecules, cells, tissue, organs, organ systems, organ…
inorganic and organic
water, oxygen, salts, and acids
carbohydrates (main energy source), lipids (protections and e…
Levels of organizations from basic to…
atoms, molecules, cells, tissue, organs, organ systems, organ…
At the molecular level, there are two…
inorganic and organic
Cell Membrane - Orangelles / Human Cell Biology
What is the smallest entity that exhib…
Which one of the following groups is c…
A major difference between prokaryotic…
The term used to indicate the part of…
cells
bacteria
eukaryotic cells have organelles; prokaryotic cells do not
cytoplasm
What is the smallest entity that exhib…
cells
Which one of the following groups is c…
bacteria
Human Biology DNA, Cell Reproduction & Differentiation
Chromatin
Chromatin condenses to form ___.
Chromatin is comprised of...
DNA is one long double helix that exte…
-How DNA is "packaged" in the cell
chromosomes
-DNA... -proteins... -Some RNA
chromosome.
Chromatin
-How DNA is "packaged" in the cell
Chromatin condenses to form ___.
chromosomes
17 terms
Human Biology: Cell Function Metabolism
What are the 7 key functions in the cell
Transport
Assimilation
Digestion
1.) Transport... 2.) Assimilation... 3.) Digestion... 4.) Synthesis... 5.…
passive and active movement of matter across membranes in and…
incorporation into the cell of proper matter and utilized of…
chemically breaking down of foods or other materials (by enzy…
What are the 7 key functions in the cell
1.) Transport... 2.) Assimilation... 3.) Digestion... 4.) Synthesis... 5.…
Transport
passive and active movement of matter across membranes in and…
20 terms
Human Biology-- Cell Cycle & Mitosis
Chromatin
Centromere
Centriole
Centrosomes
unwound DNA+Protein
The center of a chromosome that links the sister chromatids.
A microtubule. During Mitosis, they connect to the centromere…
an organelle near the nucleus of a cell that contains the cen…
Chromatin
unwound DNA+Protein
Centromere
The center of a chromosome that links the sister chromatids.
Visualizing Human Biology - Chapter 4: Cells: Organization and Communication
organelle
keratin
melanin
carotene
Typically, a membrane-bound structure suspended in the cytoso…
Tough, fibrous proteins that form hard structures, such as ha…
A dark brown, UV-light-absorbing pigment produced by specific…
A yellow-orange pigment.
organelle
Typically, a membrane-bound structure suspended in the cytoso…
keratin
Tough, fibrous proteins that form hard structures, such as ha…
124 terms
Highe Human Biology Unit 2- human cells
Body is made up of three types of cell…
What do germline, somatic cells and ga…
Somatic cells
What is differentiation? ... How does it…
Germline cells... Somatic cells... Gametes
Somatic cells - divide by mitosis - (46) ... Germline cells -div…
- Diploid body cells which divide by mitosis to form more som…
Process by which a cell develops specialised functions ... Work…
Body is made up of three types of cell…
Germline cells... Somatic cells... Gametes
What do germline, somatic cells and ga…
Somatic cells - divide by mitosis - (46) ... Germline cells -div…
28 terms
HIGHER HUMAN BIOLOGY: HUMAN CELLS - Gene Expression
Cell Genotype
Cell Phenotype
Gene Expression
No, only a fraction of the genes in a…
The genetic composition of a cell.... determined by the specific…
The Cell's physical and chemical state - what it looks like,…
The process by which information from genes is decoded into p…
Are all genes expressed within a cell?
Cell Genotype
The genetic composition of a cell.... determined by the specific…
Cell Phenotype
The Cell's physical and chemical state - what it looks like,…
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