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Study sets matching "human development chapter 5"

13 terms
Human Development Chapter 5
Boundaries
Bullying
Coercion
Compromise
Imaginary lines that indicate a limit beyond which you will n…
The use of threats or force by one person or group to intimid…
The use of physical or psychological threat or force to obtai…
A conflict resolution in which both parties give up something.
Boundaries
Imaginary lines that indicate a limit beyond which you will n…
Bullying
The use of threats or force by one person or group to intimid…
64 terms
Human Development Chapter 5
6 Approaches of Cognitive Development
Behaviorist Approach
Classical Conditioning
Operant Conditioning
Behaviorist... Psychometric... Piagetian... Information-Processing... Cog…
Studies the basic mechanics of learning;... Concerned with how b…
Learning based on associating a stimulus that does not ordina…
B.F. Skinner... Learning based on association with its consequen…
6 Approaches of Cognitive Development
Behaviorist... Psychometric... Piagetian... Information-Processing... Cog…
Behaviorist Approach
Studies the basic mechanics of learning;... Concerned with how b…
89 terms
Chapter 5 Human Development
Why do children lose their baby fat of…
Why do toddlers in both developed and…
Why do toddlers in developing countrie…
What percentage of children around the…
Because their body no longer needs as much fat to keep their…
Because most cultures depend on breast milk and infant formul…
Because when toddlers come of age to be able to eat solid foo…
1/4 of children worldwide.
Why do children lose their baby fat of…
Because their body no longer needs as much fat to keep their…
Why do toddlers in both developed and…
Because most cultures depend on breast milk and infant formul…
30 terms
Human Development Chapter 5
hope
will
purpose
evolutionary psychology
according to Erikson, an openness to new experience tempered…
according to Erikson, a youn child's understanding that he or…
according to Erikson, balance between individual initiative a…
theoretical view that many human behaviors represent successf…
hope
according to Erikson, an openness to new experience tempered…
will
according to Erikson, a youn child's understanding that he or…
17 terms
Chapter 5 Vocab HumanDevelopment
Obstetrician
anemia
Rh Factor
Gestational Diabetes
a physician who specializes in providing medical care to wome…
A condition in which the blood is deficient in red blood cell…
Refers to the presence or absence of the Rh antigen on red bl…
a form of diabetes mellitus that occurs during some pregnancies
Obstetrician
a physician who specializes in providing medical care to wome…
anemia
A condition in which the blood is deficient in red blood cell…
30 terms
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT-CHAPTER 5-
Axon
Binocular vision
Cortex
Co-sleeping
A fiber that extends from a neuron and transmits electrochemi…
The ability to focus the two eyes in a coordinated manner in…
The outer layers of the brain in humans and other mammals. Mo…
A custom in which parents and their children, usually infant'…
Axon
A fiber that extends from a neuron and transmits electrochemi…
Binocular vision
The ability to focus the two eyes in a coordinated manner in…
40 terms
Human Development Chapter 5
sensorimotor stage
schemes
Adaptation
assimilation
spans the first two years of life. Piaget believed that infan…
specific psychological structures-organized ways of making se…
involves building schemes through direct interaction with the…
we use our current schemes to interpret the external world
sensorimotor stage
spans the first two years of life. Piaget believed that infan…
schemes
specific psychological structures-organized ways of making se…
371 terms
chapter 5 human development
3 years old child
the pencil mark on the wall shows Eve'…
is best to try not to wake a sleepwalk…
Hobson Silvestri sleep disturbance
normally being to lose their babyish loudness and take on the…
3 years old weight about 34 pounds
sleep patterns and problems
may be caused by accidental activation of the brain's motor c…
3 years old child
normally being to lose their babyish loudness and take on the…
the pencil mark on the wall shows Eve'…
3 years old weight about 34 pounds
85 terms
human development chapter 5
piaget's theory schemes
schemes with age first schemes
adaptation
assimilation
psychological structures... organized ways of making sense of ex…
sensorimotor action patterns
building schemes through direct interaction with environment
using current schemes to interpret the external world
piaget's theory schemes
psychological structures... organized ways of making sense of ex…
schemes with age first schemes
sensorimotor action patterns
79 terms
Human Development Chapter 5
3 Periods of development
During the first years of life, there…
What are the 4 Principles that Govern…
Define Cephalocaudal physical growth
Biological, Cognitive, Social-Cultural
Height, weight
Cephalocaudal, Proximodistal, Hierarchical, Independence system
growth begins w/ head and extended to extremities.
3 Periods of development
Biological, Cognitive, Social-Cultural
During the first years of life, there…
Height, weight
30 terms
Human Development Chapter 5
Centration
Fast-Mapping
Irreversibility
Conservation
When a young child centers all thought on one specific thing
When children learn words very quickly but not always correctly
When children think that once something is someway there is n…
The ability to understand that the amount of something is the…
Centration
When a young child centers all thought on one specific thing
Fast-Mapping
When children learn words very quickly but not always correctly
39 terms
Chapter 5 Human Growth and Development
Piaget's Theory
Sensorimotor Stage
Reflexive Schemes
Primary Circular Reactions
Believed that the child's mind forms and modifies psychologic…
Birth to 2 years, building schemes through sensory and motor…
Newborn Reflexes
Simple motor habits centered around own body
Piaget's Theory
Believed that the child's mind forms and modifies psychologic…
Sensorimotor Stage
Birth to 2 years, building schemes through sensory and motor…
24 terms
Human Development Chapter 5
A-not-B error
Babbling
Bayley Scales of Infant Development
Cooing
Substage 4 infants' tendency to look for an object in the pla…
The repetitive vocalizing of consonant-vowel combinations by…
The best known and most widely used test of infant "intellige…
Making repetitive vowel sounds, particularly the uuu sound.
A-not-B error
Substage 4 infants' tendency to look for an object in the pla…
Babbling
The repetitive vocalizing of consonant-vowel combinations by…
34 terms
Human Development Chapter 5
Amygdala
Animism
Balanced Bilingual
Centration
A tiny brain structure that registers emotions, particularly…
The belief that natural objects and phenomena are alive
A person who is fluent in two languages, not favoring one ove…
A characteristic of preoperational thought whereby a young ch…
Amygdala
A tiny brain structure that registers emotions, particularly…
Animism
The belief that natural objects and phenomena are alive
46 terms
Human Development Chapter 5
Growth Patterns
Just Right
Motor skills
Brain development
Children become slimmer as the lower body lengthens. Each yea…
Some children insist on eating only certain foods, prepared a…
Children develop these spontaneously and diligently as they p…
By age 2 a child's brain weighs 75% of what it will in adulth…
Growth Patterns
Children become slimmer as the lower body lengthens. Each yea…
Just Right
Some children insist on eating only certain foods, prepared a…
38 terms
Human Development Chapter 5
Early childhood
Middle childhood
Frontal lobes
Gross motor skills
the first phase of childhood, lasting from age 3 through kind…
the second phase of childhood, covering the elementary school…
the area at the brain, responsible for reasoning and planning…
physical abilities that involve large muscle movements, such…
Early childhood
the first phase of childhood, lasting from age 3 through kind…
Middle childhood
the second phase of childhood, covering the elementary school…
39 terms
Human Development Chapter 5
sensorimotor stage
schemes
adaptation
assimilation
spans the first two years of life. Piaget believed that infan…
specific psychological structures- organized ways of making s…
involves building schemes through direct interaction with the…
we use our current schemes to interpret the external world
sensorimotor stage
spans the first two years of life. Piaget believed that infan…
schemes
specific psychological structures- organized ways of making s…
8 terms
Human Development: Chapter 5
Gross motor Skill
Fine motor Skills
Depth Perception
Visual Cliff
Physical skills that involve the large muscles
Physical skills that involve the small muscles and eye-hand c…
Ability to perceive objects and surfaces in three dimensions.
Apparatus designed to give an illusion of depth and used to a…
Gross motor Skill
Physical skills that involve the large muscles
Fine motor Skills
Physical skills that involve the small muscles and eye-hand c…
66 terms
Chapter 5: Human Development
Zone of proximal development
Teratogens
Attachment
FASD
The distance between what a child can learn alone and what th…
Substances that can disrupt normal prenatal development and c…
The strong emotional connection that develops early in life b…
A consequence of prenatal alcohol exposure that causes multip…
Zone of proximal development
The distance between what a child can learn alone and what th…
Teratogens
Substances that can disrupt normal prenatal development and c…
30 terms
Human Development Chapter 5
Head-Sparing
Percentile
REM Sleep
Co-Sleeping
A biological mechanism that protects the brain when malnutrit…
A point on a ranking scale of 0 to 100. The 50th percentile i…
Rapid eye movement sleep, a stage of sleep characterized by f…
A custom in which parents and their children (usually infants…
Head-Sparing
A biological mechanism that protects the brain when malnutrit…
Percentile
A point on a ranking scale of 0 to 100. The 50th percentile i…
88 terms
Human Development - Chapter 5
Jean Piaget
Sensorimotor Stage
Schemes
Adaption
Swiss theorist who inspired a vision of children as busy, mot…
First stage of Piaget's theory. ... Spans over the first two yea…
Organized ways of making sense of experience.... Specific psycho…
Involves building schemes through direct interaction with the…
Jean Piaget
Swiss theorist who inspired a vision of children as busy, mot…
Sensorimotor Stage
First stage of Piaget's theory. ... Spans over the first two yea…
38 terms
Human Development Chapter 5
Schemes
Assimilation
Accommodation
Organization
In Piaget's theory, actions or mental representations that or…
Piagetian concept of using existing schemes to deal with new…
Piagetian concept of adjusting schemes to fit new information…
Piaget's concept of grouping isolated behaviors and thoughts…
Schemes
In Piaget's theory, actions or mental representations that or…
Assimilation
Piagetian concept of using existing schemes to deal with new…
48 terms
Human Development Chapter 5
Cephalocaudal Principle
Proximodistal Principle
Patterns of Physical Growth for Girls…
Teething
Growth occurs from top down.
Growth and motor development proceed from the centre of the b…
Similar patterns, however boys are generally a bit heavier an…
Usually begins at about 3-4 months, but the first tooth might…
Cephalocaudal Principle
Growth occurs from top down.
Proximodistal Principle
Growth and motor development proceed from the centre of the b…
25 terms
Human Development chapter 5
schemes
what are our first schemes
assimilation
accommodation
actions of mental processes that organize knowledge
reflexes
if i understand the world by biting, sucking, hearing, feelin…
a new way of thinking about the world, and then you get used…
schemes
actions of mental processes that organize knowledge
what are our first schemes
reflexes
64 terms
Human Growth & Development: Chapter 5
Hope
When does hope occur?
Will
When does will occur?
according to Erickson, openness to new experience tempered by…
when trust and mistrust are in balance
according to Erickson, a young child's understanding that he/…
this occurs when autonomy, shame, and doubt are in balance
Hope
according to Erickson, openness to new experience tempered by…
When does hope occur?
when trust and mistrust are in balance
19 terms
Human and Development Chapter 5
HOME
Home Observation of Measurement of the…
Language Learning
Receptive (passive) vocabulary
Assesses the impact of the home environment on the child's in…
What does "HOME" stand for?
COMPREHENSION (UNDERSTANDING) PRECEDES PRODUCTION (EXPRESSIVE)
Things an infant understands ... By 18 Mo 3/4 children can under…
HOME
Assesses the impact of the home environment on the child's in…
Home Observation of Measurement of the…
What does "HOME" stand for?
25 terms
Human Development Chapter 5
schemes
assimilation
accommodation
sensorimotor stage (of cognitive devel…
organized patterns of functioning that adapt and change with…
the process by which people understand an experience in terms…
changes in existing ways of thinking that occur in response t…
piaget's initial major stage of cognitive development, which…
schemes
organized patterns of functioning that adapt and change with…
assimilation
the process by which people understand an experience in terms…
23 terms
Human Development Chapter 5
Basic emotions
Temperament
Secure attachment
Insecure attachment
emotional states that emerge very early in dev., occur in inf…
inborn characteristic way that infants interact with the worl…
strong emotional bond between a child and a caregiver that de…
fragile emotional bond between a child and a caregiver that o…
Basic emotions
emotional states that emerge very early in dev., occur in inf…
Temperament
inborn characteristic way that infants interact with the worl…
54 terms
Human Growth and Development: Chapter 5
Early childhood
Middle childhood
Frontal lobes
Cerebral cortex
The first phase of childhood, lasting from age 3 through kind…
The second phase of childhood, covering the elementary school…
The area at the uppermost front of the brain, responsible for…
The outer folded mantle of the brain, responsible for thinkin…
Early childhood
The first phase of childhood, lasting from age 3 through kind…
Middle childhood
The second phase of childhood, covering the elementary school…
31 terms
Human Development Chapter 5
Average size and weight of newborns
Define... Low birth weight babies
Define... Small for their gestational age
Very small babies
On average 7 to 7 1/2 pounds and 20 inches
Weigh 5 pounds 8 ounces or less
Low weight for a given gestational age
Birth weights between 500-750 grams... -Vagal tone (physiology r…
Average size and weight of newborns
On average 7 to 7 1/2 pounds and 20 inches
Define... Low birth weight babies
Weigh 5 pounds 8 ounces or less
53 terms
Human Development Chapter 5
Major components of language:
Language
Literacy
Phonology
A. Phonology... B. Semantics... C. Syntax... D. Pragmatics... E. Lexicon…
symbolic system of words, sounds, or gestures that represent…
ability to construct and express meaning through reading, wri…
sounds of language
Major components of language:
A. Phonology... B. Semantics... C. Syntax... D. Pragmatics... E. Lexicon…
Language
symbolic system of words, sounds, or gestures that represent…
18 terms
Chapter 5 Terms-Human Development
Obstetrician
anemia
Rh Factor
Gestational Diabetes
a physician who specializes in providing medical care to wome…
A condition in which the blood is deficient in red blood cell…
Refers to the presence or absence of the Rh antigen on red bl…
a form of diabetes mellitus that occurs during some pregnancies
Obstetrician
a physician who specializes in providing medical care to wome…
anemia
A condition in which the blood is deficient in red blood cell…
39 terms
Human Development Chapter 5
What is a schema?
What two ways to schemas change?
What is adaptation?
What is assimilation?
Piaget's Theory, schema physiological structures that childre…
Piaget's Theory, Adaptation and Organization
Piaget's Theory, Process of building schemas through direct i…
Piaget's Theory, External world interpreted in terms of curre…
What is a schema?
Piaget's Theory, schema physiological structures that childre…
What two ways to schemas change?
Piaget's Theory, Adaptation and Organization
9 terms
Human Development Chapter 5
Object Permanence
Deferred Imitation
Displaced Reference
Zone of Proximal Development
the understanding that objects continue to exist when out of…
the ability to remember and copt the behavior of models who a…
the realization that words can be used to cue mental images o…
refers to a range of tasks too difficult for the child to do…
Object Permanence
the understanding that objects continue to exist when out of…
Deferred Imitation
the ability to remember and copt the behavior of models who a…
50 terms
Chapter 5: Human Development
Germinal Stage
Zygote
Embryo
Embryonic Stage
The first prenatal stage of development, which begins at conc…
The single cell that results when a sperm fertilizes and egg.
A developing organism from 2 weeks until about 8 weeks after…
The second prenatal stage, from 2 weeks to 8 weeks after conc…
Germinal Stage
The first prenatal stage of development, which begins at conc…
Zygote
The single cell that results when a sperm fertilizes and egg.
26 terms
Chapter 5 - Human development
Conception
Prenatal development
Teratogens
Habituation
Single sperm cell penetrates the outer coating of the egg and…
Growth and changes occurring before birth... From conception to…
chemicals or viruses that can enter the placenta and harm the…
adjusting, getting familiar with sounds
Conception
Single sperm cell penetrates the outer coating of the egg and…
Prenatal development
Growth and changes occurring before birth... From conception to…
23 terms
chapter 5 human development
teratogens
three prenatal development stages
germinal
embryonic
chemicals or viruses that can enter the placenta and harm dev…
germinal, embryonic, fetal
2 weeks of development beginning with sperm fertilizing egg
cell mass now called embryo: week 2 to week 8
teratogens
chemicals or viruses that can enter the placenta and harm dev…
three prenatal development stages
germinal, embryonic, fetal
64 terms
Chapter 5 - human development
developmental psych
stages of fetal development
germinal
embryonic
examines any and all influences of change over the life span
. germinal stage... . embryonic stage... . fetal stage
. begins at conception - lasts 2 weeks... . fertilization - zygote
formation of major organs (8 weeks after conception)... . nervou…
developmental psych
examines any and all influences of change over the life span
stages of fetal development
. germinal stage... . embryonic stage... . fetal stage
45 terms
Chapter 5- human development
germinal stage
zygote
embryo
embryonic stage
the first prenatal stage of development, which begins at conc…
the single cell that results when a sperm fertilizes an egg
a developing organism from 2 weeks to 8 weeks after conceptio…
the second prenatal stage, from 2 weeks to 8 weeks after conc…
germinal stage
the first prenatal stage of development, which begins at conc…
zygote
the single cell that results when a sperm fertilizes an egg
46 terms
Chapter 5- Human Development
Germinal State
Zygote
Embryo
Embryonic Stage
The first prenatal stage of development, which begins at conc…
The single cell that results when a sperm fertilizes an egg.
A developing organism from 2 weeks until about 8 weeks after…
The second prenatal stage, from 2 weeks to 8 weeks after conc…
Germinal State
The first prenatal stage of development, which begins at conc…
Zygote
The single cell that results when a sperm fertilizes an egg.
27 terms
Human Development Chapter 5
four principles of growth
neuron
dendrites
axon
cephalocaudal principle, proximodistal principle, principle o…
the basic nerve cell of the nervous system
cluster of fibers at one end of the neuron, that helps commun…
at the opposite end of the dendrites, part of the neuron that…
four principles of growth
cephalocaudal principle, proximodistal principle, principle o…
neuron
the basic nerve cell of the nervous system
15 terms
Human Development Chapter 5
Self-System
I-Self/self as subject
Me-Self
Self concept versus self esteem
aspects related to the self, such as self-concept, self-regul…
The part of the self called I as active agent or as the knower
The part of the self that is the object of self or others obs…
Personal attributes vs Ones evaluation of these attributes
Self-System
aspects related to the self, such as self-concept, self-regul…
I-Self/self as subject
The part of the self called I as active agent or as the knower
Chapter 5 Human Development
frontal lobe
cephalocaudal sequence
mass to specific sequence
gross
the regionof the brain responsible for reasoning and thinking…
idea that bodies elongate and lengthen
idea that physical abilities become more coordinated and prec…
____ motor skills refer to large muscle movements
frontal lobe
the regionof the brain responsible for reasoning and thinking…
cephalocaudal sequence
idea that bodies elongate and lengthen
23 terms
Human Development: Chapter 5
Cephalocaudal principle
Proximodistal principle
Principle of hierarchal integration
Principle of the independence of systems
growth begins with the head and upper body parts and then pro…
development proceeds from the center of the body outwards
simple skills develop separately, but these skills develop in…
suggests that different body systems grow at different rates
Cephalocaudal principle
growth begins with the head and upper body parts and then pro…
Proximodistal principle
development proceeds from the center of the body outwards
11 terms
Human Development Chapter 5
Emotional-self regulation: advances in…
toddler-hood tantrums
primary emotions - infant
secondary emotions - toddler-hood
- First, behavior: toddlers who are frightened run to a trust…
normal in U.S, U.K... in Africa and Asian, toddlers are expected…
anger, fear, happiness
guilt, shame, embarrassment, envy, and pride... depends on what…
Emotional-self regulation: advances in…
- First, behavior: toddlers who are frightened run to a trust…
toddler-hood tantrums
normal in U.S, U.K... in Africa and Asian, toddlers are expected…
24 terms
Human Development Chapter 5
schemes
assimilation
accommodation
sensorimotor stage (of cognitive devel…
organized patterns of functioning that adapt and change with…
the process by which people understand an experience in terms…
changes in existing ways of thinking that occur in response t…
Piaget's initial major stage of cognitive development, which…
schemes
organized patterns of functioning that adapt and change with…
assimilation
the process by which people understand an experience in terms…
8 terms
Chapter 5 (Human Development)
Jean Piaget
Lev Vygotsky
Sigmund Freud
Erik Erikson
cognitive development
social learning through language
psychosexual development
social development
Jean Piaget
cognitive development
Lev Vygotsky
social learning through language
34 terms
Chapter 5 Human development
schemes
assimilation
accommodation
sensorimotor
organized patterns of functioning; basic building blocks of t…
process by which people understand an experience in terms of…
changes in existing ways of thinking that occur in response t…
earliest stage; birth-2yrs
schemes
organized patterns of functioning; basic building blocks of t…
assimilation
process by which people understand an experience in terms of…
29 terms
Human Development: Chapter 5
Accidents
Psychological disorders
Sensory difficulties - Visual impairme…
Auditory impairment
5-14, the rate of injury for children increases (boys)... o Most…
one in five children and adolescents ... o Bipolar disorder - th…
difficulty in seeing that may include blindness or partial si…
a special need that involves the loss of hearing or some aspe…
Accidents
5-14, the rate of injury for children increases (boys)... o Most…
Psychological disorders
one in five children and adolescents ... o Bipolar disorder - th…
38 terms
Human Development Chapter 5
middle childhood
fine motor development
5%
13%
6-12 years of age
necessary for wide range of school-related tasks; influenced…
______ of preteens suffer from depression
______ of children from 9 to 17 experience an anxiety disorder
middle childhood
6-12 years of age
fine motor development
necessary for wide range of school-related tasks; influenced…
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