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Study sets matching "human disease chapter 4"

43 terms
Humans and disease chapter 4
Abscess
Adhesion
Antibody
Antigen
A localized collection of pus
Parts of tissue that cling to the surface of adjoining organs…
Proteins that the body produces to react to and render the an…
Any substance that causes the body some type of harm, thus se…
Abscess
A localized collection of pus
Adhesion
Parts of tissue that cling to the surface of adjoining organs…
57 terms
Survey of human disease chapter 4
Two separate mechanisms function toget…
Inflammatory reaction
Acquired immunity
Two types of acquired immunity
-inflammatory reaction... -acquired immunity
nonspecific response, phagocytosis of material by neutrophils…
develops after contact with pathogenic microorganism; depends…
-Humoral immunity... -- Cell-mediated immunity
Two separate mechanisms function toget…
-inflammatory reaction... -acquired immunity
Inflammatory reaction
nonspecific response, phagocytosis of material by neutrophils…
22 terms
Chapter 4 - Essentials of Human Disease
Corticotropin
Hyperglycemia
Hyperkalemia
Hypocalcemia
Hormone that is secreted by anterior lobe of the pituitary gl…
Increase in blood glucose level
High amount of potassium in blood
Low calcium levels in blood
Corticotropin
Hormone that is secreted by anterior lobe of the pituitary gl…
Hyperglycemia
Increase in blood glucose level
30 terms
human disease: neoplasms chapter 4
benign
malignant
matastasize
adenoma
the term used to describe a non-cancerous neoplasm or tumor
term used to describe a neoplasm or tumor that spreads and po…
the spread of cancer to distant sites within the body
a benign tumor of glandular tissue that often develops in the…
benign
the term used to describe a non-cancerous neoplasm or tumor
malignant
term used to describe a neoplasm or tumor that spreads and po…
44 terms
human disease chapter 4
defense mechanisms:... Inflammatory react…
defense mechanisms:... Acquired immunity
acquired immunity:... Humoral immunity
acquired immunity... Cell-mediated immunity
NONSPECIFIC response, phagocytosis of material by neutrophils…
develops after contact with pathogenic microorganism; depends…
Production of antibodies... Main defense against bacteria and ba…
Formation of a population of lymphocytes that attack and dest…
defense mechanisms:... Inflammatory react…
NONSPECIFIC response, phagocytosis of material by neutrophils…
defense mechanisms:... Acquired immunity
develops after contact with pathogenic microorganism; depends…
32 terms
Human Disease, Chapter 4
Inflammation
Mast cell
Histamine
Hyperemia
isolate the invader, destroy the disease agents, and clean up…
tissue histiocytes
makes blood vessels larger
increase in blood flow
Inflammation
isolate the invader, destroy the disease agents, and clean up…
Mast cell
tissue histiocytes
36 terms
Understanding Human Disease- Chapter 4
Define Congenital disease
Define Hereditary or genetic disease
Congenital Malformation
Congenital Deformation
abnormality present at birth, even though it may not be detec…
resulting from a chromosome abnormality or a defective gene;…
-something went wrong... -intrinsic defect in development... -genet…
-pressures from inside uterus... -abnormal external force, often…
Define Congenital disease
abnormality present at birth, even though it may not be detec…
Define Hereditary or genetic disease
resulting from a chromosome abnormality or a defective gene;…
43 terms
Humans and disease chapter 4
Abscess
Adhesion
Antibody
Antigen
A localized collection of pus
Parts of tissue that cling to the surface of adjoining organs…
Proteins that the body produces to react to and render the an…
Any substance that causes the body some type of harm, thus se…
Abscess
A localized collection of pus
Adhesion
Parts of tissue that cling to the surface of adjoining organs…
26 terms
Survey of human disease chapter 4
Humoral immunity
Cell - mediated immunity
Hypersensitivity
Autoantibody
Immunity associated with formation of antibodies produced by…
Immunity associated with population of sensitized lymphocytes
A state of abnormal reactivity to a foreign material
An antibody formed against one's own cell or tissue
Humoral immunity
Immunity associated with formation of antibodies produced by…
Cell - mediated immunity
Immunity associated with population of sensitized lymphocytes
28 terms
Human Diseases Chapter 4: Cancer
cellular adaptations of growth and dif…
labile cell
stable cells
permanent cells
hypertrophy... hyperplasia... atrophy... metaplasia... dysplasia
continously dividing
rarely replicate
never replicate
cellular adaptations of growth and dif…
hypertrophy... hyperplasia... atrophy... metaplasia... dysplasia
labile cell
continously dividing
90 terms
Human Diseases and Condition Chapter 4
acidosis
corticotropin
epiphyseal
gonadotropin
abnormally high acidity (excess hydrogen-ion concentration) o…
a hormone secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary
the long end of a bone where growth occurs
a hormone that stimulates the testes and the ovaries to funct…
acidosis
abnormally high acidity (excess hydrogen-ion concentration) o…
corticotropin
a hormone secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary
Human Diseases Chapter 4
Three lines of defense protect body ag…
Inflammation (6)... Non-specific or Speci…
Types of Inflammation by Time
Inflammatory Exudates reveal what
Physical or surface barriers (Non-specific)... Inflammation (Non…
Nonspecific cellular and vascular reaction to tissue... Repels a…
Acute: Lasts less than 10 days... Chronic: Lasts 2 weeks or longer
Appearance and amount of exudate (Blood fluid) reveal acute o…
Three lines of defense protect body ag…
Physical or surface barriers (Non-specific)... Inflammation (Non…
Inflammation (6)... Non-specific or Speci…
Nonspecific cellular and vascular reaction to tissue... Repels a…
35 terms
CHapter 4 Human Diseases
Tumor
Neoplasia
Tumor and Neoplasm
Benign Neoplasm
swelling
New growth
can be both benign or malignant
Noncancerous. Localized to a tissue or organ. Encapsulated wi…
Tumor
swelling
Neoplasia
New growth
32 terms
Human Health and Disease Chapter 4
Fibrous Connective Tissue
Compact Tissue
Location of compact tissue
Spongy tissue
2 types dense and loose both contain fibroblast cells with a…
Made or repeating circular units called osteons contain livin…
Shafts of long bones
An open latticework with irregular spaces
Fibrous Connective Tissue
2 types dense and loose both contain fibroblast cells with a…
Compact Tissue
Made or repeating circular units called osteons contain livin…
30 terms
Human Diseases: Neoplasms Chapter 4
benign
malignant
metastasize
adenoma
the term used to describe a non-cancerous neoplasm or tumor
term used to describe a neoplasm or tumor that spreads and po…
the spread of cancer to distant sites within the body
a benign tumor of glandular tissue that often develops in the…
benign
the term used to describe a non-cancerous neoplasm or tumor
malignant
term used to describe a neoplasm or tumor that spreads and po…
17 terms
human disease (Leonard Crowley) chapter 4
exudate
adhesions
resolution
mast cell
the fluid, leukocytes and debris that accumulate as a result…
bands of fibrous tissue that form subsequent to an inflamatio…
a regression of an inflammatory process without significant t…
a specialized connective tissue cell containing granules fill…
exudate
the fluid, leukocytes and debris that accumulate as a result…
adhesions
bands of fibrous tissue that form subsequent to an inflamatio…
29 terms
Human Diseases Chapter 4
Exudate
Infection
Inflammation
Leukocytes
The fluid, leukocytes, and debris that accumulate as a result…
Inflammation caused by a disease- producing organism
A reaction produced by an irritant or infectious agent
General term for white blood cells
Exudate
The fluid, leukocytes, and debris that accumulate as a result…
Infection
Inflammation caused by a disease- producing organism
30 terms
Human Diseases Terminology Chapter 4
benign
malignant
metatasize
adenoma
The term used to describe a non cancerous neoplasm or tumor
Term used to describe a neoplasm or tumor that spreads and po…
The spread of cancer to distant sites within the body
A benign tumor of glandular tissue that often develops in the…
benign
The term used to describe a non cancerous neoplasm or tumor
malignant
Term used to describe a neoplasm or tumor that spreads and po…
73 terms
chapter 4 The human body in health and disease
Nephrologist
Cytology
membrane
cell membrane
Treatment of kidney disease
the study of cells including their origin, formation, structu…
a thin layer of tissue that covers a surface, lines a cavity,…
surrounds and protects the cell.
Nephrologist
Treatment of kidney disease
Cytology
the study of cells including their origin, formation, structu…
40 terms
Chapter 4 Human Diseases
Many infectious diseases are increasin…
Karen is exhausted all the time, has a…
Myalgia
Tularemia
Overuse of antibiotics has created antimicrobial resistance.
Chronic fatigue syndrome
Muscle ache
Can be used as potential weapon
Many infectious diseases are increasin…
Overuse of antibiotics has created antimicrobial resistance.
Karen is exhausted all the time, has a…
Chronic fatigue syndrome
90 terms
Human Diseases and Condition Chapter 4
acidosis
corticotropin
epiphyseal
gonadotropin
abnormally high acidity (excess hydrogen-ion concentration) o…
a hormone secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary
the long end of a bone where growth occurs
a hormone that stimulates the testes and the ovaries to funct…
acidosis
abnormally high acidity (excess hydrogen-ion concentration) o…
corticotropin
a hormone secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary
13 terms
The Human Body In Health & Disease Chapter 4
List the four main types of tissues fo…
Name the types of epithelial tissue ac…
What is the difference between simple…
Which type of epithelial tissue is fou…
Epithelial, connective, muscle, and nervous
squamous (flat and scalelike), cuboidal (cube shaped), column…
simple epithelium consist of single layer of epithelial cells…
stratified transitional
List the four main types of tissues fo…
Epithelial, connective, muscle, and nervous
Name the types of epithelial tissue ac…
squamous (flat and scalelike), cuboidal (cube shaped), column…
13 terms
The Human Body In Health & Disease Chapter 4
List the four main types of tissues fo…
Name the types of epithelial tissue ac…
What is the difference between simple…
Which type of epithelial tissue is fou…
Epithelial, connective, muscle, and nervous
squamous (flat and scalelike), cuboidal (cube shaped), column…
simple epithelium consist of single layer of epithelial cells…
stratified transitional
List the four main types of tissues fo…
Epithelial, connective, muscle, and nervous
Name the types of epithelial tissue ac…
squamous (flat and scalelike), cuboidal (cube shaped), column…
117 terms
Chapter 4: the human body in health and disease
abdomin/o
anter/o
brachi/o
cardi/o
abdomen
front
arm
heart
abdomin/o
abdomen
anter/o
front
27 terms
HSC 4551 Survey of Human Disease Chapter 4
Inflammatory reaction
Acquired immunity
Two types of acquired immunity
Humoral immunity
Nonspecific response; phagocytosis or material by neutrophils…
This develops after contact with the pathogenic microorganism…
1. Humoral immunity... 2. Cell-mediated immunity
Production of antibodies; main defense against bacteria and b…
Inflammatory reaction
Nonspecific response; phagocytosis or material by neutrophils…
Acquired immunity
This develops after contact with the pathogenic microorganism…
29 terms
Chapter 4 AP Human Geo: Geography of Health and Disease
Agent
Behavior
Chemical insults
Diarrhea
an organism that causes disease
the effects of cultural norms or societal organizations on hu…
Factors, such as drugs, gasses, and liquids that negatively a…
A symptom of various viral, bacterial, and parasitic infections
Agent
an organism that causes disease
Behavior
the effects of cultural norms or societal organizations on hu…
30 terms
Human Disease Terminology- Neoplasms Chapter 4
Benign
Malignant
Metatasize
Adenoma
The term used to describe a non cancerous neoplasm or tumor
Term used to describe a neoplasm or tumor that spreads and po…
The spread of cancer to distant sites within the body
A benign tumor of glandular tissue that often develops in the…
Benign
The term used to describe a non cancerous neoplasm or tumor
Malignant
Term used to describe a neoplasm or tumor that spreads and po…
59 terms
Chapter 4 Pathology Human Diseases
Metastasize
Epidemiology
Tumor (neoplasm)
Benign
Abnormal cells infiltrate normal body tissue and in some case…
1/2 men and 1/3 women will develop cancer during their lifeti…
Result of uncontrolled cell division is an abnormal growth of…
(not cancer) grow slowly and remain localized, not life-threa…
Metastasize
Abnormal cells infiltrate normal body tissue and in some case…
Epidemiology
1/2 men and 1/3 women will develop cancer during their lifeti…
30 terms
Human Diseases Chapter 4 Terminology
Benign
Malignant
Metastasize
Adenoma
The term used to describe a non cancerous neoplasm or tumor
Term used to describe a neoplasm or tumor that spreads and po…
The spread of cancer to distant sites within the body
A benign tumor of glandular tissue that often develops in the…
Benign
The term used to describe a non cancerous neoplasm or tumor
Malignant
Term used to describe a neoplasm or tumor that spreads and po…
43 terms
Chapter 4 Vocab. Human Diseases
Abscess
Adhesion
Antibody
Antigen
a localized collection of pus.
parts of tissue that cling to the surface of adjoining organs…
immunoglobulins that develop in response to an antigen; also…
a cell marker that induces a state of sensitivity after comin…
Abscess
a localized collection of pus.
Adhesion
parts of tissue that cling to the surface of adjoining organs…
90 terms
Human Diseases and Condition Chapter 4
acidosis
corticotropin
epiphyseal
gonadotropin
abnormally high acidity (excess hydrogen-ion concentration) o…
a hormone secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary
the long end of a bone where growth occurs
a hormone that stimulates the testes and the ovaries to funct…
acidosis
abnormally high acidity (excess hydrogen-ion concentration) o…
corticotropin
a hormone secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary
75 terms
Human Diseases and Condition Chapter 4
acidosis
corticotropin
epiphyseal
gonadotropin
abnormally high acidity (excess hydrogen-ion concentration) o…
a hormone secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary
the long end of a bone where growth occurs
a hormone that stimulates the testes and the ovaries to funct…
acidosis
abnormally high acidity (excess hydrogen-ion concentration) o…
corticotropin
a hormone secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary
30 terms
Human Disease Terminology Neoplasms Chapter 4
benign
malignant
metastasize
adenoma
the term used to describe a non cancerous neoplasm or tumor
term used to describe a neoplasm or tumor that spreads and po…
the spread of cancer to distant sites within the body
benign tumor of glandular tissue that often develops in the b…
benign
the term used to describe a non cancerous neoplasm or tumor
malignant
term used to describe a neoplasm or tumor that spreads and po…
30 terms
Human Diseases: Neoplasms Chapter 4
benign
malignant
metastasize
adenoma
the term used to describe a non cancerous neoplasm or tumor
term used to describe a neoplasm or tumor that spreads and po…
the spread of cancer to distant sites within the body
a benign tumor of glandular tissue that often develops in the…
benign
the term used to describe a non cancerous neoplasm or tumor
malignant
term used to describe a neoplasm or tumor that spreads and po…
30 terms
Human Disease: Terminology Neoplasms Chapter 4
Benign
Malignant
Metastasize
Adenoma
The term used to describe a non cancerous neoplasm tumor
Term used to describe a neoplasm or tumor that spreads and po…
The spread of cancer to distant sites with the body
A benign tumor of glandular tissue that often develops in the…
Benign
The term used to describe a non cancerous neoplasm tumor
Malignant
Term used to describe a neoplasm or tumor that spreads and po…
30 terms
Human Diseases: Neoplasms Chapter 4
Benign
Malignant
Metatasize
Adenoma
the term used to describe a non cancerous neoplasm or tumor
term used to describe a neoplasm or tumor that spreads and po…
the spread of cancer to distant site within the body
a benign tumor of glandular tissue that often develops in the…
Benign
the term used to describe a non cancerous neoplasm or tumor
Malignant
term used to describe a neoplasm or tumor that spreads and po…
30 terms
Human Diseases Chapter 4 Terminology-Neoplasms
benign
malignant
metatasize
adenoma
The term used to describe a non cancerous neoplasm or tumor
Term used to describe a neoplasm or tumor that spreads and po…
The spread of cancer to distant sites within the body
A benign tumor of glandular tissue that often develops in the…
benign
The term used to describe a non cancerous neoplasm or tumor
malignant
Term used to describe a neoplasm or tumor that spreads and po…
30 terms
Human Diseases Terminology- Neoplasms Chapter 4
benign
malignant
metatasize
adenoma
The term used to describe a non cancerous neoplasm or tumor
Term used to describe a neoplasm or tumor that spreads and po…
The spread of cancer to distant sites within the body
A benign tumor of glandular tissue that often develops in the…
benign
The term used to describe a non cancerous neoplasm or tumor
malignant
Term used to describe a neoplasm or tumor that spreads and po…
Human Disease Chapter 4&6 Vocab
Exudate
Adhesions
Resolution
Mast Cell
the fluid, leukocytes and debris that accumulates as a result…
bands of fibrous tissue that form subsequent to an inflammati…
a regression of an inflammatory process without significant t…
a connective tissue cell containing granules filled with hist…
Exudate
the fluid, leukocytes and debris that accumulates as a result…
Adhesions
bands of fibrous tissue that form subsequent to an inflammati…
90 terms
Human Diseases and Condition Chapter 4
acidosis
corticotropin
epiphyseal
gonadotropin
abnormally high acidity (excess hydrogen-ion concentration) o…
a hormone secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary
the long end of a bone where growth occurs
a hormone that stimulates the testes and the ovaries to funct…
acidosis
abnormally high acidity (excess hydrogen-ion concentration) o…
corticotropin
a hormone secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary
30 terms
Human Diseases Terminology- CHAPTER 4 - Neoplasms
Benign
Malignant
Metastasize
Adenoma
the term used to describe a non-cancerous neoplasm or tumor.
term used to describe a neoplasm or tumor that spreads and po…
the spread of cancer to distant sites within the body
benign tumor of glandular tissue that often develops in the b…
Benign
the term used to describe a non-cancerous neoplasm or tumor.
Malignant
term used to describe a neoplasm or tumor that spreads and po…
47 terms
Med. Term - Chapter 4: The Human Body in Health and Disease
ana/tom/y
physio/logy
home/o/stasis
atom
up,toward/to cut/the process of: "the process of cutting up"
nature/study of: "the study of nature"
sameness, unchanging/standing still: "maintaining internal st…
simplest building block of the body, simplest organized subst…
ana/tom/y
up,toward/to cut/the process of: "the process of cutting up"
physio/logy
nature/study of: "the study of nature"
118 terms
Chapter 4: The Human Body in Health and Disease
abdomin/o
anter/o
brachi/o
cardi/o
abdomen
front
arm
heart
abdomin/o
abdomen
anter/o
front
111 terms
Chapter 4: The Human Body in Health and Disease
abdomin/o
anter/o
brachi/o
cardi/o
abdomen
front
arm
heart
abdomin/o
abdomen
anter/o
front
121 terms
Medical Terminology- Chapter 4: The Human Body in Health and Disease
abdomin/o
anter/o
brachi/o
cardi/o
abdomen
front
arm
heart
abdomin/o
abdomen
anter/o
front
138 terms
Chapter 4 - The Human Body in Health and Disease
abdomin/o
anter/o
branchi/o
cardi/o
abdomen
front
arm
heart
abdomin/o
abdomen
anter/o
front
72 terms
Chapter 4 Human body in health and disease
abdomino
antero
brachio
caridio
abdomen
front
arm
heart
abdomino
abdomen
antero
front
Chapter 4: Human body in Health & Disease
What does superior refer?
What does the frontal plane refer?
What does the sagittal plane refer?
What does the transverse plane refer?
pertaining to above
a vertical plane passing through the body from side to side
a vertical plane dividing the body into right and left positi…
a horizontal plane dividing the body into superior and inferi…
What does superior refer?
pertaining to above
What does the frontal plane refer?
a vertical plane passing through the body from side to side
35 terms
Chapter 4 - The Human Body in Health and Disease
abdomin/o
anter/o
brachi/o
caud/o
abdomen
front
arm
tail
abdomin/o
abdomen
anter/o
front
7 terms
Human Health and Disease Endocrine System Chapter 4
acidosis
corticotropin
epiphyseal
gondadotropin
...
...
...
...
acidosis
...
corticotropin
...
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