Study sets matching "human diseases"

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Study sets matching "human diseases"

33 terms
Human Diseases- Neurological Diseases
Alzheimer's Disease
Neuritic plaques
Neurofibrillary Targets
Mild AD
Progressive loss of cognitive functions such as memory judgem…
abnormal clumps of protein (amyloid) outside the neuron
twisted proteins (tau) inside the neuron
mild forgetfullness
Alzheimer's Disease
Progressive loss of cognitive functions such as memory judgem…
Neuritic plaques
abnormal clumps of protein (amyloid) outside the neuron
Human Diseases Exam 1
Disease
Pathology
Etiology
Signs
Altered function/physiology of a body organ or system
The study of the structural and functional changes associated…
The study of causes disease or the sequence of events leading…
- Physical observations or measurements... - Objective... Ex: Pulse…
Disease
Altered function/physiology of a body organ or system
Pathology
The study of the structural and functional changes associated…
Human Diseases Exam 4
Fibrocystic Disease of the Breast: Pat…
Fibrocystic Disease of the Breast: Eti…
Fibrocystic Disease of the Breast: Dia…
Fibrocystic Disease of the Breast: Tre…
Benign mixture of fibrosis and cysts, with ductal hyperplasia…
Fluctuating hormone levels
Needle aspiration or surgical excision
Removing methylxanthines (caffeine) from diet... Hormone Tx (BC)
Fibrocystic Disease of the Breast: Pat…
Benign mixture of fibrosis and cysts, with ductal hyperplasia…
Fibrocystic Disease of the Breast: Eti…
Fluctuating hormone levels
157 terms
Human Diseases
what is a congenital disorder?
what are the 3 congenital disorders?
What is Hydrocephalus?
Pathophysiology of Hydrocephalus
a condition existing at birth and often before birth
hydrocephalus, spina bifida, cerebral palsy
excess CSF accumulates in the skull which dilates the ventric…
CSF flow is disrupted or not properly absorbed by the blood s…
what is a congenital disorder?
a condition existing at birth and often before birth
what are the 3 congenital disorders?
hydrocephalus, spina bifida, cerebral palsy
Human Diseases
Age-related disease
Idiopathic disease
Pathogenesis
Endogenous
Disease that occurs in the elderly but is not part of the agi…
Disease of unknown cause
Sequence of events from structural and functional abnormaliti…
Disease-causing agents acting from within the body
Age-related disease
Disease that occurs in the elderly but is not part of the agi…
Idiopathic disease
Disease of unknown cause
Human Diseases
Neoplasia
Cancer
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
Palliative Surgery
New growth; Not cancer
2nd leading cause of death in the U.S.
Malignant
Surgery to alleviate pain
Neoplasia
New growth; Not cancer
Cancer
2nd leading cause of death in the U.S.
268 terms
Human Diseases
SLE
Presentation of SLE
Scleroderma/SSc
Scleroderma antibodies
Autoimmune multisystem diseases with circulating autoantibodi…
Butterfly rash, fatigue, malaise, Raynauds phenomenon
autoimmune rheumatic disease characterised by fibrotic change…
Positive for Antinuclear Antibody
SLE
Autoimmune multisystem diseases with circulating autoantibodi…
Presentation of SLE
Butterfly rash, fatigue, malaise, Raynauds phenomenon
Human Diseases
Sclera
Cornea
Uvea
Choroid
skin of the eye
curved
collection of different organelles in the eye
pink park btw. sclera and retina
Sclera
skin of the eye
Cornea
curved
Human Diseases
Disease
Direct causes of disease:
Indirect causes of disease:
Illness
Pathological condition of the body in response to an alterati…
-trauma... -physical agents... -poison
-genetic anomaly... -metabolic/nutritional disturbances
DESCRIBES the condition of a person who is experiencing a dis…
Disease
Pathological condition of the body in response to an alterati…
Direct causes of disease:
-trauma... -physical agents... -poison
14 terms
Human Diseases
Influenza
Infectious Mononucleosis
Epstein-Barr Virus
Burkitt's Lymphoma
- Virus similar to common cold... -Influenza A (bird flu)more da…
- viral disease... -most common between 15-14 y/o... -caused by Eps…
-a.k.a humanherpes virus 4 ... -transmitted mostly in saliva... - c…
-cancer of the lymphatic system... -caused by the Epstein-Barr v…
Influenza
- Virus similar to common cold... -Influenza A (bird flu)more da…
Infectious Mononucleosis
- viral disease... -most common between 15-14 y/o... -caused by Eps…
19 terms
Human Diseases
Phenylketonuria
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
Turner's Syndrome
Down Syndrome
Effects: metabolic, autosomal recessive disorder ... ... Cause: mu…
deterioates muscles
condition seen in individuals carrying single X chromosome bu…
trisomy 21
Phenylketonuria
Effects: metabolic, autosomal recessive disorder ... ... Cause: mu…
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
deterioates muscles
30 terms
Infectious Diseases (Human Disease)
West Nile virus
Infectious disease
Contagious
Noncommunicable
From Uganda where it was first diagnosed and transmitted by t…
Diseases caused by pathogenic microorganisms
An infectious disease transmitted from human to human
Infectious diseases that are not transmitted directly by humans
West Nile virus
From Uganda where it was first diagnosed and transmitted by t…
Infectious disease
Diseases caused by pathogenic microorganisms
Human Diseases Exam 3
How does the kidney regulate fluid vol…
What is the pathogenesis of hypertensi…
Pyelonephritis: Etiology
Pyelonephritis: Pathology
By regulating the amount of water and sodium that is excreted…
Hypertension, BP > 140/90, adds pressure to the artery walls,…
Bacteria, usually E. coli, spreads retrograde from urinary tr…
- Intense inflammation affects the interstitial tissue & tubu…
How does the kidney regulate fluid vol…
By regulating the amount of water and sodium that is excreted…
What is the pathogenesis of hypertensi…
Hypertension, BP > 140/90, adds pressure to the artery walls,…
Human Diseases Chapter 10
Hardest working system
Nephrons
Number of neurons in each kidney
each neuron contains
urinary system
filtration takes place here... functional unit of the kidney... can…
more than 1 million
pair or arterioles... glomerulus... glomular capsule... set of tubes l…
Hardest working system
urinary system
Nephrons
filtration takes place here... functional unit of the kidney... can…
98 terms
Study of Human Diseases -Mechanisms of Disease
complication
sequela
morbidity
mortality
abnormal state/condition/disease that develops from another d…
aftermath of a particular disease (ex: permanent heart damage…
# of people who got sick from disease
# of people who died
complication
abnormal state/condition/disease that develops from another d…
sequela
aftermath of a particular disease (ex: permanent heart damage…
Human Diseases Chapter 9
Organs of the digestive system
# of feet of muscular tube between mou…
3 main functions of the digestive system
vomiting
mouth, salivary glands, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, liver, g…
approx. 30 feet
digesting food... absorbing nutrients ... eliminating waste
protective mechanism in response to presence of irritant, inf…
Organs of the digestive system
mouth, salivary glands, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, liver, g…
# of feet of muscular tube between mou…
approx. 30 feet
64 terms
human disease
pathology
infection
disease
signs
science of dealing with the study of diseases
entry of an infectious agent into the host (also colonization)
invasion by an infectious agent resulting in the manifestatio…
objective changes in the host as observed and measure by a ph…
pathology
science of dealing with the study of diseases
infection
entry of an infectious agent into the host (also colonization)
30 terms
Human Diseases (Heredity and Disease)
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
Chromosomes
Genes
Autosomes
The blueprint for protein synthesis within the cell.
A molecule of DNA found in the human cell. Each human cell co…
Found in chromosomes, each is responsible for the one protein.
Name for 44 of the 46 chromosomes.
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
The blueprint for protein synthesis within the cell.
Chromosomes
A molecule of DNA found in the human cell. Each human cell co…
Human diseases
Salmonella typhi
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Plasmodium
Haemozoin
Causes typhoid
Causes pneumonia
Causes malaria
Toxic substance released by plasmodium on rupture of RBCs. Re…
Salmonella typhi
Causes typhoid
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Causes pneumonia
Human Diseases - Mechanisms of Disease
Congenital
trauma
triage
inflammation
present at birth; usually concerning a congenital anomaly or…
a physical or mental injury
the prioritizing of care
a basic pathologic process of cytologic and chemical rations…
Congenital
present at birth; usually concerning a congenital anomaly or…
trauma
a physical or mental injury
Human Diseases Exam 2
Atherosclerosis
What are factors that cause atheroscle…
Arteriosclerosis
Coronary Artery Disease
Accumulation of fatty material in the arterial lumen, decreas…
- Smoking (#1)... - Obesity (#2)... - High Cholesterol... - High Fat D…
A disease of the arteries marked by thickening, hardening, an…
Atherosclerosis in the Coronary Arteries
Atherosclerosis
Accumulation of fatty material in the arterial lumen, decreas…
What are factors that cause atheroscle…
- Smoking (#1)... - Obesity (#2)... - High Cholesterol... - High Fat D…
120 terms
human diseases
diabetes... - caused by...
diabetes signs and symptoms
tye one
type two
condition of impaired carbohydrate utilisation ... - diminished…
- polyuria... - polydipsia... - weight loss... - ketone on breathe... - h…
- early onset but can occur at any age ... - 1/3 genetic compone…
- older age groups... - genetic component more important ... - mult…
diabetes... - caused by...
condition of impaired carbohydrate utilisation ... - diminished…
diabetes signs and symptoms
- polyuria... - polydipsia... - weight loss... - ketone on breathe... - h…
33 terms
Human Diseases- Neurological Diseases
Alzheimer's Disease
Neuritic plaques
Neurofibrillary Targets
Mild AD
Progressive loss of cognitive functions such as memory judgem…
abnormal clumps of protein (amyloid) outside the neuron
twisted proteins (tau) inside the neuron
mild forgetfullness
Alzheimer's Disease
Progressive loss of cognitive functions such as memory judgem…
Neuritic plaques
abnormal clumps of protein (amyloid) outside the neuron
Human Diseases
Adenoma
Carcinoma
Fibroma
Glioma
Usually benign tumor arising from glandular epithelial tissue
Malignant tumor of epithelial tissue
Benign encapsulated tumor of connective tissue
Malignant tumor of neurological cells
Adenoma
Usually benign tumor arising from glandular epithelial tissue
Carcinoma
Malignant tumor of epithelial tissue
63 terms
Human Diseases
Remission
Acute
Terminal
Chronic
absence of disease activity
symptoms appear suddenly
will result in death
develops gradually and worsens over an extended period of time
Remission
absence of disease activity
Acute
symptoms appear suddenly
7 terms
Human Diseases
AIDS
Cholera
Ebola
Malaria
Evidence: Pneumonia, certain types of cancer, and other illne…
Evidence: Diarrhea, dehydration... Transmission: Ingestion of ba…
Evidence: Headache; fever; vomiting; diarrhea; bleeding from…
Evidence: Cyclic Fever and chills, anemia... Transmission: Infec…
AIDS
Evidence: Pneumonia, certain types of cancer, and other illne…
Cholera
Evidence: Diarrhea, dehydration... Transmission: Ingestion of ba…
human diseases
pathophysiology
idiopathic
prognosis
ischemia
the study of functional or physiological changes in the body…
cause of disease is unknown
outcome of a disease
decreased blood supply to an organ or tissue
pathophysiology
the study of functional or physiological changes in the body…
idiopathic
cause of disease is unknown
7 terms
Human Diseases
Homeostasis
Physiology
Disease
Pathophysiology
All cells, tissues, organs and systems work to maintain equil…
The biological study of the functions of living organisms and…
Disequilibrium, A significant disturbance in the homeostasis…
Study of the physiological processes leading up to disease
Homeostasis
All cells, tissues, organs and systems work to maintain equil…
Physiology
The biological study of the functions of living organisms and…
Human Diseases
Acute
Chronic
Disease
Etiology
Disease is short term and usually has a sudden onset
Healing is processing slow
Change in structure or function
The study of cause
Acute
Disease is short term and usually has a sudden onset
Chronic
Healing is processing slow
human diseases
occupational safety health administrat…
phagocytosis
passive immunity
interferon
healthcare workers must exercise great precautions when handl…
White blood cells taken and destroy foreign material
doses of preformed anti-bodies from immune serum or an animal…
A group of substances that stimulates the immune system
occupational safety health administrat…
healthcare workers must exercise great precautions when handl…
phagocytosis
White blood cells taken and destroy foreign material
Human diseases
health
homeostasis
disease
pathology
the condition in which the human body performs its vital func…
the bodys organ systems normally maintain temperature, pH, bl…
deviation from normal structure or function in the body that…
study of disease
health
the condition in which the human body performs its vital func…
homeostasis
the bodys organ systems normally maintain temperature, pH, bl…
15 terms
Human diseases
Prognosis
Diagnosis
Pathology
Idiopathic
The predicted course and outcome of a disease
The determination of the nature of disease based on many fact…
The branch of medicine that studies the characteristics, caus…
Term used to describe a disease for which the cause is not kn…
Prognosis
The predicted course and outcome of a disease
Diagnosis
The determination of the nature of disease based on many fact…
25 terms
Human Diseases
Acute
Chronic
Auscultation
Palpation
A disease that is short term
A disease that persists for a long time
Using a stethoscope to listen to by cavities & organs
Feeling lightly or by pressing firmly on internal organs or s…
Acute
A disease that is short term
Chronic
A disease that persists for a long time
37 terms
Human Diseases
ASA classification
ABCDE approach
How to assess D in ABCDE?
What position to place pt if they lose…
I = Healthy... II = Mild systemic disease, function ok... III = Sev…
Airway... Breathing... Circulation... Disability... Exposure
AVPU (Alert/Visual/Pain/Unresponsive)
Lie flat and raise legs... If pregnant, lie on LHS
ASA classification
I = Healthy... II = Mild systemic disease, function ok... III = Sev…
ABCDE approach
Airway... Breathing... Circulation... Disability... Exposure
27 terms
Human Diseases
infectious disease
how sick we get depends on
direct modes of infectious disease tra…
indirect modes of infectious disease t…
an interaction between our body and a microbe that makes us s…
1. infectious agent... 2. status of our body... 3. infectious dose…
1. Horizontal contact (kissing, sexual activity, skin-skin, e…
1. Object (fomite)... 2. Food, water, biological substance ... 3.…
infectious disease
an interaction between our body and a microbe that makes us s…
how sick we get depends on
1. infectious agent... 2. status of our body... 3. infectious dose…
Human Diseases Chapter 3
1. The immune response assists the bod…
2. When the immune system reacts appro…
Hyperactive responses
in which the immune response is inadeq…
bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites.
immunocompetent
in which the immune response is excessive
immunodeficiency disorders
1. The immune response assists the bod…
bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites.
2. When the immune system reacts appro…
immunocompetent
Human Diseases
Acute
Chronic
Auscultation
Palpation
Disease that suddenly happens
Disease that is extended for a long period of time
Using a stethoscope to listen to the body
Feeling lightly or pressing I'm internal organs
Acute
Disease that suddenly happens
Chronic
Disease that is extended for a long period of time
Human Diseases
Prognosis
Diagnosis
Pathology
Idiopathic
Predicted course and outcome of disease
Determination of the nature of disease
Study of characteristics, causes, and effects of a disease
Unknown cause of a disease
Prognosis
Predicted course and outcome of disease
Diagnosis
Determination of the nature of disease
9 terms
Human Diseases
Aneurysms
claudication
vascular occlusion
vascular pain
A balloon like bulge in an artery that weakens the vascular w…
imairment of gait caused by vascular pathology
edema distal to an obstruction due to blocked blood flow
pain in the region of the affected vessels that feel like tea…
Aneurysms
A balloon like bulge in an artery that weakens the vascular w…
claudication
imairment of gait caused by vascular pathology
33 terms
human diseases
Lethal
signs
idiopathic
disorder
Something that kills
observable or measurable factors used to determine a diagnosis
an unknown cause id disease
a derangement or abnormality of function
Lethal
Something that kills
signs
observable or measurable factors used to determine a diagnosis
Human Diseases
general symptoms of cystic fibrosis
general symptoms of sickle cell anemia
general symptoms of phenylketonuria
general symptoms of Tay-Sachs disease
digestive issues, produces heavy mucus making it hard to brea…
cells clump in the capillaries and blood can stop moving and…
brain damage, mental retardation, behavioral issues, seizures
slowed development
general symptoms of cystic fibrosis
digestive issues, produces heavy mucus making it hard to brea…
general symptoms of sickle cell anemia
cells clump in the capillaries and blood can stop moving and…
51 terms
Human Disease
Disease
Pathology
Pathogenesis
Pathophysiology
a structural or functional change in the body that is harmful…
is the study of what disease does to the body.
sequence of disease events.
the study of sequence of events.
Disease
a structural or functional change in the body that is harmful…
Pathology
is the study of what disease does to the body.
9 terms
human diseases
mental illness
mental wellness
mental disorders can be caused by
mental retardation
difficulty dealing with everyday stresses, that results in py…
the ability to cope with everyday stresses
-heredity -congenial factors -accident -trauma - drugs -stress
causes can include congenital, brain injury, and disease ... sym…
mental illness
difficulty dealing with everyday stresses, that results in py…
mental wellness
the ability to cope with everyday stresses
164 terms
Human diseases
Signs of systemic disease on the hands
Systemic signs of liver disease
What are the vital signs and their ave…
How does bone heal?
Lichen planus - itchy purplish rash with papuples on flexor s…
Dupetryens contracture - contraction of palmar fascia... Palmar…
Respiratory rate - 12-18 per minute... Pulse 60-100... Blood pressu…
Haematoma formation in fracture line... Formation of granulation…
Signs of systemic disease on the hands
Lichen planus - itchy purplish rash with papuples on flexor s…
Systemic signs of liver disease
Dupetryens contracture - contraction of palmar fascia... Palmar…
Human Diseases
Health
Homeostasis
Disease
Pathology
The condition in which the human body performs its vital func…
Relatively stable internal conditions under fluctuating envir…
A deviation from normal structure or function in the body tha…
The study of disease
Health
The condition in which the human body performs its vital func…
Homeostasis
Relatively stable internal conditions under fluctuating envir…
20 terms
Human Diseases
Cystic Fiberosis
Cystic Fiberosis
Cystic Fiberosis
Cystic Fiberosis
Cause: Recessive allele
Symptoms: Body produces thick mucus in the lungs and intestines
Treatments: Drugs (Medicine) and Physical Therapy
Who: Carried on recessive allele and is most common among peo…
Cystic Fiberosis
Cause: Recessive allele
Cystic Fiberosis
Symptoms: Body produces thick mucus in the lungs and intestines
29 terms
Human Diseases
Chickenpox
Shingella
Smallpox
Arboviruses
Caused by Herpes viridae ... V&P
Caused by reactivated chickenpox ... V&P
Caused by variola virus ... V&P
Transmitted by bloodsucking arthropods ... V&P
Chickenpox
Caused by Herpes viridae ... V&P
Shingella
Caused by reactivated chickenpox ... V&P
Human Diseases
Cystic fibrosis caused
Cystic fibrosis symptoms
Cystic fibrosis treatments
Hemophilia symptoms
faulty gene(known as CFTR gene)
thick mucus build up
no cure, medical treatments, drugs
large ,deep bruises, joint pain,swelling,unexplained bleeding
Cystic fibrosis caused
faulty gene(known as CFTR gene)
Cystic fibrosis symptoms
thick mucus build up
Human Diseases
Impetigo constagiosum
Gas, Dry, Wet Gangrene (Necrotizing fa…
German Measles
Measles
(Bacterial) Streptococci & Staphyloccoci spp.
clostridium perfringens
Rubella (Viral)
Rubeola (viral) Koplick spots
Impetigo constagiosum
(Bacterial) Streptococci & Staphyloccoci spp.
Gas, Dry, Wet Gangrene (Necrotizing fa…
clostridium perfringens
22 terms
Human Diseases: Introduction to Disease
Fact or Fiction: Plague does not occur…
What is the plague also known as?
What is homeostasis?
What is the two areas that disease man…
Fiction. Plague does occur in the U.S.
The Black Death
The maintenance of a steady state within the body.
Signs and symptoms.
Fact or Fiction: Plague does not occur…
Fiction. Plague does occur in the U.S.
What is the plague also known as?
The Black Death
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