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Study sets matching "human neuropsychology"

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Study sets matching "human neuropsychology"

112 terms
Human Neuropsychology
Asteregonosis
alexic
addiction
apraxia
not able to recognize an object by touch
not able to lip read/ recognize written words
changes in the nucleus accumbens. Effect of fewer synapses is…
cant make voluntary movements - not able to imagine making mo…
Asteregonosis
not able to recognize an object by touch
alexic
not able to lip read/ recognize written words
215 terms
Human Neuropsychology
Neuropsychology
Vitalism
Materialism
Trephination
How complex properties lead to behavior and cognition.
Behaviors and cognition is only partly controlled by chemical…
Behaviors and cognition are completely determined by biochemi…
An outdated practice where one drills a hole in one's skull i…
Neuropsychology
How complex properties lead to behavior and cognition.
Vitalism
Behaviors and cognition is only partly controlled by chemical…
171 terms
Human Neuropsychology
Once a drug is administered...
Blood brain barrier
Metabolism and necessity for repeated…
Synaptic transmission process:
It is absorbed through the lining of the stomach or small int…
It keeps bad things out of the brain. Capillaries in the brai…
Once a drug is in you, it immediately and automatically begin…
1. synthesis of NT... 2. storage of NT ... 3. release of NT ... 4. rec…
Once a drug is administered...
It is absorbed through the lining of the stomach or small int…
Blood brain barrier
It keeps bad things out of the brain. Capillaries in the brai…
45 terms
Human Neuropsychology
Cortical Layers & Columns
Order of Layers
Hierarchical Model of Cortical Function
Commissurotomy
spinal: reflexes ... hindbrain: postural support... midbrain: spont…
Primary - Secondary - Tertiary
postier and anterior - sensory and motor
surgery of disconnecting the two hemispheres by cutting 200 m…
Cortical Layers & Columns
spinal: reflexes ... hindbrain: postural support... midbrain: spont…
Order of Layers
Primary - Secondary - Tertiary
Human Neuropsychology
Brain Hypothesis
Cardiac Hypothesis
Mentalism
Materialism
Cephalocentric. The brain is the source of behaviour. Thought…
Thought and sesnation reside in head; nerves originale, vital…
Aristotle. A person's mind is responsible for behaviours. Mod…
Darwin. Rational behaviour can be fully explained by the work…
Brain Hypothesis
Cephalocentric. The brain is the source of behaviour. Thought…
Cardiac Hypothesis
Thought and sesnation reside in head; nerves originale, vital…
11 terms
Human Neuropsychology
convergence
complementarity
computed tomography (CT)
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
when results from multiple techniques support the same hypoth…
when results from multiple techniques address different aspec…
x-rays
-strong magnetic field... -radio frequency pulses
convergence
when results from multiple techniques support the same hypoth…
complementarity
when results from multiple techniques address different aspec…
177 terms
Human Neuropsychology
neuron
dendrite
axon
terminal button
a nerve cell that transmits and stores information; basic uni…
branching extensions of a neuron's cell membrane that increas…
root of a neuron that carries messages to other neurons
knob at the end of a neuron's axon that sits close to a neigh…
neuron
a nerve cell that transmits and stores information; basic uni…
dendrite
branching extensions of a neuron's cell membrane that increas…
137 terms
Human Neuropsychology
Broadmann's Areas
Corpus Callosum
Dislexia
Broca's Area
Broca's Area: 44... Primary visual cortex: 17... Primary auditory c…
Genu, Rostrum, Body, Splenium
Supramarginal gyrus and Angular gyrus
Inferior Frontal
Broadmann's Areas
Broca's Area: 44... Primary visual cortex: 17... Primary auditory c…
Corpus Callosum
Genu, Rostrum, Body, Splenium
18 terms
Human Neuropsychology
Color Agnosia (Left lingual gyrus: ant…
Finger Agnosia (Left Angular Gyrus: Po…
Simultagnosia (Left Posterior Parietal…
Autotopagnosia/Somatotopagnosia (Left…
There is patient who walks in and after conducting tests you…
There is a patient who walks in and after conducting some tes…
A patient walks in and after some tests you realize that the…
A patient walks in and after some tests you realize that the…
Color Agnosia (Left lingual gyrus: ant…
There is patient who walks in and after conducting tests you…
Finger Agnosia (Left Angular Gyrus: Po…
There is a patient who walks in and after conducting some tes…
47 terms
Human Neuropsychology
What is the four basic schemes for loc…
Which scientist(s) used animal lesion…
In the animal lesion study, what was t…
Which scientist(s) used electrical sti…
1. Discrete anatomical area and discrete function... example: mo…
1. Pierre Flourens... 2. Friedrich Goltz
The brain was a distributed system--no localized function
1. Theodor Fritsch... 2. Eduard Hitzig... 3. David Ferrier
What is the four basic schemes for loc…
1. Discrete anatomical area and discrete function... example: mo…
Which scientist(s) used animal lesion…
1. Pierre Flourens... 2. Friedrich Goltz
20 terms
Human Neuropsychology
Precentral Gyrus (AKA motor cortex)
Central Sulcus
Post-Central Gyrus (somatosensory cort…
Lateral Sulcus (Sylvian fissure)
Lies in front of the Post Central Gyrus on the lateral side o…
Prominent landmark of the brain, separating the parietal lobe…
Prominent structure in the parietal lobe. Location of the mai…
Divides the frontal lobe and parietal lobe above from the tem…
Precentral Gyrus (AKA motor cortex)
Lies in front of the Post Central Gyrus on the lateral side o…
Central Sulcus
Prominent landmark of the brain, separating the parietal lobe…
155 terms
Human Neuropsychology Exam 1
Neuropsychology
Brain Hypothesis
phreneology
dissolution
the study of the relation between behavior and the brain
the idea that the brain is the source of behavior
relation between the skull's surface features ... - first attemp…
the reverse of evolution... - if a brain area is damaged, it wi…
Neuropsychology
the study of the relation between behavior and the brain
Brain Hypothesis
the idea that the brain is the source of behavior
229 terms
Human Neuropsychology Test 2
What is the role of Choline Acetyltran…
MPTP
MPTP is oxidized by
The case with MPTP led to
Produces acetylcholine by transferring an acetate group to ch…
neurotoxin that selectively kills cells in the substantial ni…
monomine oxidase (produces MPP+) which induces mitochondrial…
new findings in the field of Parkinson's Disease
What is the role of Choline Acetyltran…
Produces acetylcholine by transferring an acetate group to ch…
MPTP
neurotoxin that selectively kills cells in the substantial ni…
66 terms
Human Neuropsychology exam 3
Agraphia
Commisurotomy
Cross cueing
Tactile verbal disconnection
Loss of ability to write or spell
Cut fiber connecting L & R Hemispheres
Info. Available in both hemispheres
Contratalateral ability- impaired in same side.
Agraphia
Loss of ability to write or spell
Commisurotomy
Cut fiber connecting L & R Hemispheres
240 terms
Human Neuropsychology Test 1
3 commissures
Frontal lobe
Temporal lobe
Parietal lobe
Hemispheres are connected by
thought/planning/decision-making/attention
memory-consolidation/auditory function/language reception/gus…
body-sensation/spatial-orientation/attention-to-space/reading
3 commissures
Hemispheres are connected by
Frontal lobe
thought/planning/decision-making/attention
157 terms
Human Neuropsychology Test 2
Craik & Lockhart (1972)
Atkinson & Shiffrin (1968); ... Baddeley…
Unitary
Length of storage
Depth of Rehearsal
Multi-store systems
The general consensus is that memory is not
Short-term vs. Long-term
Craik & Lockhart (1972)
Depth of Rehearsal
Atkinson & Shiffrin (1968); ... Baddeley…
Multi-store systems
71 terms
Chapter 1 Human Neuropsychology
Neuropsychology
Brain theory
Neuron Theory
Neuron
the scientific study of the relations between brain function…
the brain is the source of behavior: strongly influences Neur…
idea that the unit of brain structure and function is the neu…
nerve cell
Neuropsychology
the scientific study of the relations between brain function…
Brain theory
the brain is the source of behavior: strongly influences Neur…
72 terms
Introduction to Human Neuropsychology
The brain is __% of body weight
The brain consumes __% of our energy
The brain is __% tissue, __% cerebral…
Neuropsychology
2%
20%
80%, 10%, 10%
Study of brain-behavior relationships... 1) how do behaviors, em…
The brain is __% of body weight
2%
The brain consumes __% of our energy
20%
32 terms
Unit 3: Human Neuropsychology
Executive Functions
Prefrontal Cortex
Monitoring
Phrenology
Cognitive functions that allow flexible and goal-directed con…
Cortical regions in the frontal lobe that are anterior to the…
The process that evaluates the appropriateness of a given beh…
Originating in the early nineteenth century, the attempt to c…
Executive Functions
Cognitive functions that allow flexible and goal-directed con…
Prefrontal Cortex
Cortical regions in the frontal lobe that are anterior to the…
27 terms
Human Neuropsychology: Chapter 13
The Occipital Lobe
The Primary Visual Cortex
Calcarine Sulcus
The Visual Cortex
The visual processing center of the human brain containing mo…
Brodmann area 17 (or V1)
Human V1 is located on the medial side of the occipital lobe…
Is part of the cerebral cortex responsible for processing vis…
The Occipital Lobe
The visual processing center of the human brain containing mo…
The Primary Visual Cortex
Brodmann area 17 (or V1)
163 terms
Human Neuropsychology Midterm 2
Trichromatic Theory/ Young Helmholtz T…
Opponent- process theory
Possible mechanism for the Opponent-Pr…
Where does the primary cortex receive…
Each of the three cone responds to a broad range of wavelengt…
a. Suggests that we perceive color in terms of paired opposit…
bipolar cells are excited by one set of wavelength and inhibi…
The primary visual cortex (area V1) receives information from…
Trichromatic Theory/ Young Helmholtz T…
Each of the three cone responds to a broad range of wavelengt…
Opponent- process theory
a. Suggests that we perceive color in terms of paired opposit…
71 terms
Human Neuropsychology Exam 2
Limbic System
Papez
Hippocampus
HPA Axis
group of structures involved in emotion; identified by Broca;…
defined circuit of emotion; cingulate cortex, hippocampus, hy…
learning and memory; hot spot for adult neurogenesis; anterog…
releases cortisol (stress hormone); stress thermostat - corti…
Limbic System
group of structures involved in emotion; identified by Broca;…
Papez
defined circuit of emotion; cingulate cortex, hippocampus, hy…
169 terms
Human Neuropsychology Exam
cognition
mind
behaviorism
cognitive science
"higher order" mental processes
the full spectrum of a person's awareness (one aspect of cons…
a perspective in cognitive psychology that holds that only di…
a scientific discipline that seeks to understand and model th…
cognition
"higher order" mental processes
mind
the full spectrum of a person's awareness (one aspect of cons…
150 terms
Human Neuropsychology Test 2
5th Week
Telencephalon
Tel DI Mes Met Myel
Ventricular System
What week of Gestation do the Primary Vesicles form? Prosence…
Essentially cortex, everything below the cortex is referred t…
Way to remember Mammalian Brain Divisions, Top to Bottom, fro…
Early in development starts as the neural tube, which then fi…
5th Week
What week of Gestation do the Primary Vesicles form? Prosence…
Telencephalon
Essentially cortex, everything below the cortex is referred t…
92 terms
human neuropsychology test 1
human neuropsychology
ipsilateral
bilateral
contralateral
scientific study of the relationship between behavior and the…
structures on the same side of brain
structures that lie in both hemispheres of brain
structures that are on opposite sides of the brain
human neuropsychology
scientific study of the relationship between behavior and the…
ipsilateral
structures on the same side of brain
92 terms
Human Neuropsychology Final
Parietal Lobe Boundaries
SI
SII
Anterior Zone (Major Functional Area)
Rostral - Central Sulcus (Frontal from Parietal)... Medially - P…
Post Central Gyrus
In the Insular Cortex, inside the Sylvian Fissure
(1,2,3,43) Processes somatic sensations and perceptions - Bui…
Parietal Lobe Boundaries
Rostral - Central Sulcus (Frontal from Parietal)... Medially - P…
SI
Post Central Gyrus
237 terms
Human Neuropsychology Test 1
Neuropsychology
what is psychology
behavior
mental processes
the study of the relation between behavior and brain function
the science of behavior and mental processes
actions we can observe and record
the internal subjective experiences we infer from behavior
Neuropsychology
the study of the relation between behavior and brain function
what is psychology
the science of behavior and mental processes
170 terms
Human Neuropsychology Exam 1
Trepanation
Theories of Trepanation
Early Hominids
Ancient Egyptian (view of brain)
drilling into the skull with a Peruvian tumi; first practiced…
- right of passage for priests as a window to the brain... - rel…
africanus, erectus, neanderthal
cardiocentric position (thought of heart not brain), brain di…
Trepanation
drilling into the skull with a Peruvian tumi; first practiced…
Theories of Trepanation
- right of passage for priests as a window to the brain... - rel…
142 terms
Human Neuropsychology Test 1
Donald The Dentist
Cardiac Hypothesis (Aristotle)
Plato
Humors Theory
Has Wernicke's Aphasia, tough time describing, speaking, does…
Thought that the heart controlled thought, behavior, and emot…
Thought that the brain controlled thought, behavior and emoti…
Fluids in the body were thought to be important, idea was tha…
Donald The Dentist
Has Wernicke's Aphasia, tough time describing, speaking, does…
Cardiac Hypothesis (Aristotle)
Thought that the heart controlled thought, behavior, and emot…
115 terms
Human Neuropsychology Exam 3
Steroids
SRY
TDF
CAH
usually anti-inflammatory; giving people estrogen or testoste…
sex determining region of the Y chromosome
testes determining factor (gene); you start as neutral until…
congenital adrenal hyperplasia; adrenal gland is enlarged and…
Steroids
usually anti-inflammatory; giving people estrogen or testoste…
SRY
sex determining region of the Y chromosome
126 terms
PSY 446 Human Neuropsychology
anterior
posterior
medial
lateral
front
back
center
side
anterior
front
posterior
back
204 terms
Human Neuropsychology Midterm
Name the disorder associated with dege…
Name the structures of the limbic syst…
What is the result of a lesion on Broc…
What are the primary functions of the…
Huntington's disease
Amygdala, Hypothalamus, Cingulate Cortex, Anterior Thalamus,…
Person is unable to speak
Emotion, personality, inhibitions, movements, executive contr…
Name the disorder associated with dege…
Huntington's disease
Name the structures of the limbic syst…
Amygdala, Hypothalamus, Cingulate Cortex, Anterior Thalamus,…
66 terms
Human Neuropsychology Exam 4
Occipital Lobe
3 routes for Visual Processing
Dorsal Stream
STS Stream
parietal and temporal stream flow; visual cortex connections…
parietal cortex = dorsal stream, superior temporal sulcus = S…
visual guidance of movements
visuospatial and perception of movements; temporal lobe
Occipital Lobe
parietal and temporal stream flow; visual cortex connections…
3 routes for Visual Processing
parietal cortex = dorsal stream, superior temporal sulcus = S…
150 terms
Human Neuropsychology Test 3
Somatosensory
Receptive Fields
Receptors/Transducers
Neural Relays and Fiber Pathways
System/Sense of Touch
Source of stimulation for a given sensory system, differs for…
Specialized cells, receive stimulation from environment and t…
Relays of axon bundles, no single cell signaling, Ex: Thalamu…
Somatosensory
System/Sense of Touch
Receptive Fields
Source of stimulation for a given sensory system, differs for…
48 terms
Human Neuropsychology Midterm 2
HM's surgery
HM type of amnesia
HM's scientific contributions
Partial Seizures
medial temporal lobectomy
Retrograde and Anterograde
1. MTL involved in memory... 2. STM & LTM are independent of one…
begin at a focal point
HM's surgery
medial temporal lobectomy
HM type of amnesia
Retrograde and Anterograde
80 terms
quiz 2 human neuropsychology
what is the temporal lobe comprised of
What does the subcortical temporal lob…
Superior temporal sulcus
What connects the neocortex of the lef…
The tissue that lies below the lateral fissure and anterior t…
the limbic cortex, amygdala, and the hippocampal formation.
Separates the superior and middle temporal gyri, has a signif…
The corpus callosum
what is the temporal lobe comprised of
The tissue that lies below the lateral fissure and anterior t…
What does the subcortical temporal lob…
the limbic cortex, amygdala, and the hippocampal formation.
82 terms
Human Neuropsychology Exam 1
What structures make up the Central Ne…
What is the Peripheral Nervous System?
These fibers carry information from th…
These fibers carry information from th…
Brain and Spinal Cord
Parts of the nervous system that connect the brain and spinal…
Ventral Fibers
Dorsal fibers
What structures make up the Central Ne…
Brain and Spinal Cord
What is the Peripheral Nervous System?
Parts of the nervous system that connect the brain and spinal…
66 terms
Test 3 Human Neuropsychology
Transduction
Interoception
Exteroception
Why do we have more sensitivity on our…
taking a physical stimulus and translating it into the langua…
things inside the body you're monitoring (like hunger/thirst)
things outside the body you're monitoring (touch, temp)
There is a higher density of receptors
Transduction
taking a physical stimulus and translating it into the langua…
Interoception
things inside the body you're monitoring (like hunger/thirst)
56 terms
Human Neuropsychology - Lecture 3 - Assessment
Quantitative Assessment
Qualitative Assessment
Most approaches to assessment are ___.
Combination of tests often include
Standardized assessment tools
Emphasizes individual uniqueness. Tests are chosen based on h…
Flexible!... We use a flexible battery of assessment instruments…
A measure of overall cognitive functioning for the clients ag…
Quantitative Assessment
Standardized assessment tools
Qualitative Assessment
Emphasizes individual uniqueness. Tests are chosen based on h…
15 terms
Human Neuropsychology; Methods
define cognitive neuroscience
the 2 main methods of assessing brain…
dissociations in the lesion method ... -p…
examining associations in the lesion m…
it draws on principles of cognitive psychology, evidence from…
1. Lesion Method: examine the effects of brain damage on diff…
dissociations examine brain damaged patients where 1 skill is…
assoications allow you to examine two skills which are impair…
define cognitive neuroscience
it draws on principles of cognitive psychology, evidence from…
the 2 main methods of assessing brain…
1. Lesion Method: examine the effects of brain damage on diff…
12 terms
Sensation and perception and human neuropsychology
convergent thinking
divergent thinking
convergent IQ test
divergent IQ test
Thought processes that result in the derivation of just one a…
Thought processes that result in deriving multiple solutions.
Tests that have only one answer and is not affected by damage…
Tests that have multiple answers and is affected when there i…
convergent thinking
Thought processes that result in the derivation of just one a…
divergent thinking
Thought processes that result in deriving multiple solutions.
38 terms
Ch3. Fundamentals of Human Neuropsychology
Caudate Nucleus
Basal Ganglia
Epithalamus
Thalamus
The caudate nucleus receives projections from all areas of th…
The basal ganglia ("lower knots" reffering to "knot below the…
The epithelamus is a collection of nuclei at the posterior of…
The thalamus, the largest structure in the diencephalon, is c…
Caudate Nucleus
The caudate nucleus receives projections from all areas of th…
Basal Ganglia
The basal ganglia ("lower knots" reffering to "knot below the…
44 terms
Human Neuropsychology - Lecture 14 - Dementia
Dementia is a
Dementia can be caused by serveral
Dementia has deterioration of many
Dementia affects ..
Chronic, usually irreversible neurodegenerative brain disorder
Chronic progessive illnesses
mental functions and social skills
Memory, thinking, language, problem solving and behaviour
Dementia is a
Chronic, usually irreversible neurodegenerative brain disorder
Dementia can be caused by serveral
Chronic progessive illnesses
66 terms
Human Neuropsychology - Lecture 6 - Autotopagnosia
Case of Julian
Juilan was a rare opportunity to study..
Apraxia
When is Apraxia evident?
59 year old man with a malignant tumour in his left hemispher…
Left hemisphere dysfunctions, including:... -Apraxia... -Gerstmann…
Disorder of voluntary movement
When a person is instructed to perform an action.
Case of Julian
59 year old man with a malignant tumour in his left hemispher…
Juilan was a rare opportunity to study..
Left hemisphere dysfunctions, including:... -Apraxia... -Gerstmann…
20 terms
Human Neuropsychology - Lecture 15 - Hemispherectomy
Hemispherectomy
Anatomic Hemispherectomy
Functional Hemispherectomy
Hemispherotomy
Brain surgery where the dominate hemisphere is removed in ord…
An entire hemisphere is removed
One hemisphere is disconnected from the rest of the brain, bu…
Disconnects small areas - takes out small chunks of the brain…
Hemispherectomy
Brain surgery where the dominate hemisphere is removed in ord…
Anatomic Hemispherectomy
An entire hemisphere is removed
37 terms
Human Neuropsychology - Lecture 7 - Hemineglect
What is Hemineglect?
Hemineglect is usually due to damage ___
___ is intact, however ...
Hemineglect is often accompanied by..
Patient does not attend to the side of space contralateral to…
to the right parietal lobe which results in left-side neglect.
Vision is intact, but patient is unable to attend to any visu…
Anosagnosia - a lack of awareness or denial that they are not…
What is Hemineglect?
Patient does not attend to the side of space contralateral to…
Hemineglect is usually due to damage ___
to the right parietal lobe which results in left-side neglect.
53 terms
Human Neuropsychology - Lecture 4 - Epilepsy
Who is the most studied person in Psyc…
What was wrong with H.M.?
What did H.M.'s electroencephalography…
What did H.M. have done?
H.M - "Henry Molaison" (1926-2008)
He had one generalized convulsion each week and many partial…
His convulsions arose from foci in the medial portions of bot…
Bilateral Medial Temporal Lobectomy. The removal of the media…
Who is the most studied person in Psyc…
H.M - "Henry Molaison" (1926-2008)
What was wrong with H.M.?
He had one generalized convulsion each week and many partial…
122 terms
Psyc 3332 Human Neuropsychology Midterm
Expressive
Broca's aphasia
Receptive
Wernicke's aphasia
Pertaining to the generation of language; that is, pertaining…
A hypothetical disorder of speech production with no associat…
Pertaining to the comprehension of language and speech.
A hypothetical disorder of language comprehension with no ass…
Expressive
Pertaining to the generation of language; that is, pertaining…
Broca's aphasia
A hypothetical disorder of speech production with no associat…
92 terms
Human Neuropsychology Final TCU Boehm
Parietal Lobe Boundaries
SI
SII
Anterior Zone (Major Functional Area)
Rostral - Central Sulcus (Frontal from Parietal)... Medially - P…
Post Central Gyrus
In the Insular Cortex, inside the Sylvian Fissure
(1,2,3,43) Processes somatic sensations and perceptions - Bui…
Parietal Lobe Boundaries
Rostral - Central Sulcus (Frontal from Parietal)... Medially - P…
SI
Post Central Gyrus
18 terms
Ch1. Fundamentals of Human Neuropsychology
CSF Cerebrospinal Fluid
Cerebral Cortex
Gyri and Sulci
Fissures
Salty fluid that cushions the brain and may play a role in re…
"bark" in Latin
The folds of the cortex are the gyri and the creases between…
Some of the large sulci are called fissures such as the longi…
CSF Cerebrospinal Fluid
Salty fluid that cushions the brain and may play a role in re…
Cerebral Cortex
"bark" in Latin
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