Study sets matching "human physiology anatomy"

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Study sets matching "human physiology anatomy"

24 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Brain
Frontal Lobe
Central Sulcus
Parietal Lobe
Lateral Sulcus
Part of the brain lying immediately behind the forehead.
The sulcus separating the frontal and parietal lobes of the c…
Part of the brain at the top of the head.
The groove that runs from front to back along the lateral sur…
Frontal Lobe
Part of the brain lying immediately behind the forehead.
Central Sulcus
The sulcus separating the frontal and parietal lobes of the c…
Human Anatomy and Physiology: The Heart
Where is the heart located?
What is pericardial fluid?
What is another name for visceral laye…
What is the myocardium?
In between you lungs, slightly to the left of the breastbone
The serous fluid secreted by the serous layer of the pericard…
Epicardium
The muscle layer of the heart
Where is the heart located?
In between you lungs, slightly to the left of the breastbone
What is pericardial fluid?
The serous fluid secreted by the serous layer of the pericard…
97 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1
Superior (cranial)
Inferior (caudal)
Ventral (anterior)
Dorsal (posterior)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
toward or at the front of the body; in front of
Toward or at the back of the body; behind
Superior (cranial)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
Inferior (caudal)
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
53 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Human Muscles
Frontalis
Orbicularis oculi
Zygomaticus
Mentalis
Frontalis
Orbicularis oculi
40 terms
Chapter 4 Intro To Human Anatomy and Physiology
Physiology
Anatomy
11 Organ Systems
Integumentary System
study of function
study of structure
Integumentary, Skeletal, Muscular, Nervous, Endocrine, Cardio…
skin, protects
Physiology
study of function
Anatomy
study of structure
151 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology
effector
control center
negative feedback mechanisms
positive feedback mechanisms
provides means for control centers output to the stimulus
determines level, analyzes info & acts appropriately
effects to the stimulus responds and shuts off intensity
ex. childbirth
effector
provides means for control centers output to the stimulus
control center
determines level, analyzes info & acts appropriately
20 terms
Intro to Human Anatomy and Physiology
anatomy
physiology
atom
molecule
study of structure
study of function
hydrogen, nitrogen, carbon, oxygen
water, glucose, carbon dioxide
anatomy
study of structure
physiology
study of function
52 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology- The Bones
Frontal Bone (hueso frontal)
Zygomatic Bone (hueso cigomático)
Maxilla (maxilar superior)
Mandible (mandíbula)
Name this bone.... the large cranial bone forming the front part…
Name this bone.... the arch of bone beneath the eye that forms t…
Name this bone.... Forms most of the upper jaw, and part of the…
Name this bone.... The only moving bone in the skull. ... Jaw Bone
Frontal Bone (hueso frontal)
Name this bone.... the large cranial bone forming the front part…
Zygomatic Bone (hueso cigomático)
Name this bone.... the arch of bone beneath the eye that forms t…
Human Anatomy and Physiology
Receptor
Distal
Distal
Deep internal
Sensors the monitors, the enviroment, and responds to changes
Farther from the orgin of a body.
Knee is ___________ to the thigh
Away from the body surface
Receptor
Sensors the monitors, the enviroment, and responds to changes
Distal
Farther from the orgin of a body.
Human physiology and anatomy
Arthr
Blast
Chondr
Clast
Joint
To build or spout
Cartilage
Break or destroy
Arthr
Joint
Blast
To build or spout
51 terms
Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology: Skeletal System
axial skeleton & appendicular skeleton
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
support, protection, movement, storage…
The skeleton is divided into two subdivision.
Consists of the skull, bony thorax, & vertebral column
Consists of the limbs, pectoral & pelvic girdles
Functions of the skeletal system
axial skeleton & appendicular skeleton
The skeleton is divided into two subdivision.
axial skeleton
Consists of the skull, bony thorax, & vertebral column
Human Anatomy and Physiology
Physiology
Surface
Systemic
Regional
To dissect, cut apart, seperate
External features only
Looking at entire body systems
Regions of the body
Physiology
To dissect, cut apart, seperate
Surface
External features only
56 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Visceral
Parietal
the science of the structure of living organisms
the science of the functioning of living organisms
pertaining to the internal part of a structure or the interna…
pertaining to the walls of a cavity
Anatomy
the science of the structure of living organisms
Physiology
the science of the functioning of living organisms
human anatomy and physiology
abdominal
acromial
antebrachial
antecubital
anterior body trunk inferior to ribs
point of shoulder
forearm
anterior surface of elbow
abdominal
anterior body trunk inferior to ribs
acromial
point of shoulder
61 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology
anatomy
physiology
gross anatomy
microscopic anatomy
study of the structure and shape of the body and its parts
study of how the body and its parts work or function
large structures... easily observable
structures cannot be seen with the naked eye... structures can o…
anatomy
study of the structure and shape of the body and its parts
physiology
study of how the body and its parts work or function
23 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Chemical... Cellular... Tissue... Organ... Organ s…
Homeostasis
The study of structure of body parts including their forms an…
The study of function of body parts
Organism... Organ system... Organ... Tissue... Cellular... Chemical
Body's ability to maintain a relatively stable internal condi…
Anatomy
The study of structure of body parts including their forms an…
Physiology
The study of function of body parts
66 terms
Intro to Human Anatomy & Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Levels of Organization
Atom
study of structure of body parts
study of function of body parts
1. Atom... 2. Molecule... 3. Macromolecule... 4. Organelle ... 5. Cell... 6.…
Hydrogen atom; smallest one that makes up you
Anatomy
study of structure of body parts
Physiology
study of function of body parts
53 terms
Apologia Human Anatomy and Physiology Lesson 2 Skeletal
skull
rib cage
red bone marrow
yellow bone marrow
protects the brain
protects the heart and lungs
located within the spongy bone, is hemopoietic tissue that ma…
fatty tissue found in the medullary cavity of most adult long…
skull
protects the brain
rib cage
protects the heart and lungs
Human Anatomy And Physiology
Intracellular
extracellular
interstital
electrolyte
inside the cell
around the cell
between the cell and tissue
ion
Intracellular
inside the cell
extracellular
around the cell
51 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology: Introduction
a-, an, non
ab-, ef-
ad-, af-
adi-, lip (o)-
Without, Not
away
toward
Fat
a-, an, non
Without, Not
ab-, ef-
away
14 terms
Human anatomy and physiology
Peroxisomes... (Membranous)
Plasma membrane... (Membranous)
Cytoskeleton... (Nonmebranous)
Rough Endoplasmic reticulum (membranous)
Small sacs containing enzymes that detoxify harmful substance…
a microscopic membrane of lipids and proteins that forms the…
The cells internal supporting framework made up of rigid rodl…
Ribosomes are the factory workers, were ribosomes symthesize…
Peroxisomes... (Membranous)
Small sacs containing enzymes that detoxify harmful substance…
Plasma membrane... (Membranous)
a microscopic membrane of lipids and proteins that forms the…
50 terms
HUMAN ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY
The levels of organization in the body…
The function of the system level of... or…
When the body acts to maintain a dynam…
Striated involuntary muscles are:
Cell, tissue, organ, system
Carry out common tasks
Homeostasis
Cardiac muscle
The levels of organization in the body…
Cell, tissue, organ, system
The function of the system level of... or…
Carry out common tasks
Human Anatomy & Physiology
Motor
Peripheral Nervous System
Cranial Nerves
Nodes of Ranvier
relating to muscular movement or the nerves activating it.
the nervous system outside the brain and spinal cord.
each of twelve pairs of nerves that arise directly from the b…
a gap in the myelin sheath of a nerve, between adjacent Schwa…
Motor
relating to muscular movement or the nerves activating it.
Peripheral Nervous System
the nervous system outside the brain and spinal cord.
73 terms
Human anatomy & physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Macroscope
Regional
Structure of the body
Function of the body
Structures examined without a microscope
Studied area by area
Anatomy
Structure of the body
Physiology
Function of the body
40 terms
Honors Human Anatomy and Physiology
Integumentary system
Skeletal system
Muscular system
Nervous system
barrier to protect body from outside, retains body fluid... Skin…
Provides shape and structure, allows movement, protects vital…
Allows movement of head, provides heat... Cardiac muscles, smoot…
Receives incoming info, sends message to body about how to re…
Integumentary system
barrier to protect body from outside, retains body fluid... Skin…
Skeletal system
Provides shape and structure, allows movement, protects vital…
154 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology
six essential nutrients that humans re…
what are the three nutrients that can…
what is used if the nutrients aren't a…
what area is glycogen is not stored?
water, vitamins, minerals, fats, carbohydrates, proteins
fats, carbohydrates, and proteins
glycogen is broken down first. glycogen is the storage form o…
in the cells/tissue of the brain
six essential nutrients that humans re…
water, vitamins, minerals, fats, carbohydrates, proteins
what are the three nutrients that can…
fats, carbohydrates, and proteins
55 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 9
skeletal muscle
voluntary muscle
cardiac muscle
smooth muscle
Muscle composed of cylindrical multinucleate cells with obvio…
Muscle under strict nervous control
Branching, striated, uninucleate muscle of the heart
Spindle-shaped cells with one centrally located nucleus and n…
skeletal muscle
Muscle composed of cylindrical multinucleate cells with obvio…
voluntary muscle
Muscle under strict nervous control
11 terms
Systems Human Anatomy/Physiology
cardiovascular
digestive
endocrine
integumentary
transports nutrients, wastes, and gases throughout the body
converts food molecules into absorbable forms
main system that secrets hormones
provides an outer covering
cardiovascular
transports nutrients, wastes, and gases throughout the body
digestive
converts food molecules into absorbable forms
Human Anatomy and Physiology 1
Anatomy
Atoms/molecular level
Cells/cellular level
Organ
Studies the structure of body parts and their relationships t…
Smallest particle of an elemental substance that exhibits the…
Structural unit of all living things
A part of the body formed by two or more tissues and adapted…
Anatomy
Studies the structure of body parts and their relationships t…
Atoms/molecular level
Smallest particle of an elemental substance that exhibits the…
36 terms
Anatomy/physiology human body
Head
Forehead
Eye cavity
Cheek
Cephalic
Frontal
Orbital
Buccal
Head
Cephalic
Forehead
Frontal
45 terms
Human anatomy and physiology
Cephalic
Frontal
Orbital
Nassal
Head
Forehead
Eye area
Nose area
Cephalic
Head
Frontal
Forehead
22 terms
Macromolecules in Human Anatomy and Physiology
What are the four types of macromolecu…
What are the matching polymers and mon…
What is primary structure?
What is secondary structure?
Proteins, carbohydrates, lips, and nucleic acids.
Polymer<--Monomers... Protein<---Amino Acids... Carbohydrate<---Mon…
The sequence of amino acids in a protein.
The chain of amino acids in a protein will fold into specific…
What are the four types of macromolecu…
Proteins, carbohydrates, lips, and nucleic acids.
What are the matching polymers and mon…
Polymer<--Monomers... Protein<---Amino Acids... Carbohydrate<---Mon…
18 terms
human anatomy/physiology
Anterior
Ventral
posterior
dorsal
Front
Bellyside
behind
back
Anterior
Front
Ventral
Bellyside
SKELETON / Human Anatomy & Physiology
Frontal Bone
Frontal Bone
Maxilla
Maxilla
Frontal Bone
Frontal Bone
human anatomy and physiology
Nervous system
four lobes in the brain
function of the major regions of the b…
S/A Node
brain and spin
occipital, parietal, frontal, temporal
Starts each heart beat and sets the pace for the entire heart…
Nervous system
brain and spin
four lobes in the brain
occipital, parietal, frontal, temporal
29 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Human Muscles
Masseter
Buccinator
Sternocleidomastoid
Latissimus dorsi
Masseter
Buccinator
25 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology
Cell Theory
Eukaryotes
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
1. All organisms are composed of cells... 2. Cells are the small…
Complicated plant and animal cells, vary in molecular genetics
vertebral column, ribs and lower limbs, 80 bones
Bones of pelvis, upper and lower limbs, 126 bones
Cell Theory
1. All organisms are composed of cells... 2. Cells are the small…
Eukaryotes
Complicated plant and animal cells, vary in molecular genetics
111 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Unit 1
Coronal or Frontal
Sagittal
Midsagittal
Parasagittal
Divides body into front and back positions
Divides body into left and right positions
equal left and right halves
unequal division of the two halves
Coronal or Frontal
Divides body into front and back positions
Sagittal
Divides body into left and right positions
81 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology
Metabolism
Catabolism
Anabolism
Excretion
Biochemical reactions that occur within the body, divided int…
Chemical reactions that break down complex substances into si…
Chemical reactions that build up simple substances into compl…
Removal of the waste byproducts of metabolic reactions; it pr…
Metabolism
Biochemical reactions that occur within the body, divided int…
Catabolism
Chemical reactions that break down complex substances into si…
Human Anatomy & Physiology Muscle List
Epicranius Muscle
Orbicularis oculi
Buccinator
Orbicularis Oris
*A- Closes the eye
*A- Compresses the cheek
*A- Closes the mouth
Epicranius Muscle
Orbicularis oculi
*A- Closes the eye
Human anatomy and physiology
Types of human physiology
Levels of organization
The seven characteristics of life
The Complementary of Structure and Fun…
1. Cell physiology. 2. Special physiology. 3. Systemic physio…
1. Atoms 2. Molecules 3. Macromolecules 4. Organelles 5. Cell…
1. Cells 2. Metabolism 3. Growth 4. Reproduction 5. Irritabil…
What a structure can do depends on its specific form
Types of human physiology
1. Cell physiology. 2. Special physiology. 3. Systemic physio…
Levels of organization
1. Atoms 2. Molecules 3. Macromolecules 4. Organelles 5. Cell…
83 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology
Gross anatomy
Microsopic anatomy
Cytology
Histology
The study of body parts/organs viewed without a microscopic t…
The study of body parts/ organs viewed with a microsopic tool.
The study of cells
The study of human tissues.
Gross anatomy
The study of body parts/organs viewed without a microscopic t…
Microsopic anatomy
The study of body parts/ organs viewed with a microsopic tool.
25 terms
Human Anatomy- Bones and Physiology
long bone
short bone
flat bone
irregular bone
long and skinny in middle, expanded ends. Ex: radius, ulna, f…
cubelike (length and width roughly equal) Ex: wrist and ankle
platelike structures with broad surfaces. Ex: ribs, skull
vary in shape, connected to several other bones. Ex: vertebra…
long bone
long and skinny in middle, expanded ends. Ex: radius, ulna, f…
short bone
cubelike (length and width roughly equal) Ex: wrist and ankle
Animals; Human Anatomy/Physiology
Describe characteristics of the kingdo…
Invertebrates
Chordates
Notochord
Multi-cellular, eukaryotic, lack cell walls, heterotrophic
Lack a back bone
Have a hollow nerve chord, notochord, post-anal tail, and pha…
Flexible cartilage rod(pre-development)
Describe characteristics of the kingdo…
Multi-cellular, eukaryotic, lack cell walls, heterotrophic
Invertebrates
Lack a back bone
Human anatomy & Physiology
Atom
Molecules
Cells
Organ/tissue
The smallest unit of matter
Substance produced by the chemical bonding of one or more atoms
The fundamental of... Life
A group of cells functioning as a single... Unit.
Atom
The smallest unit of matter
Molecules
Substance produced by the chemical bonding of one or more atoms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Final
What is the process of the Alimentary…
Steps of Inhalation
What has the most effect on respirator…
What 2 Major systems touch every part…
Mouth, tongue, pharynx, esophagus, epiglottis (flap), stomach…
Diaphragm contracts down, ribs expand (intercostals contract)…
Carbon Dioxide
Circulatory and Respiratory
What is the process of the Alimentary…
Mouth, tongue, pharynx, esophagus, epiglottis (flap), stomach…
Steps of Inhalation
Diaphragm contracts down, ribs expand (intercostals contract)…
64 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Terms
Anterior
Posterior
Dorsal
Ventral
Front
Back
Back
Front
Anterior
Front
Posterior
Back
63 terms
Intro to Human Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Integumentary system
Skeletal System
Study of shape and structure
Study of how the body works and functions
-Includes the skin, nails, hair, sweat and oil glands. ... -Synt…
-Includes radius, pelvis, and ACL.... -Stores minerals
Anatomy
Study of shape and structure
Physiology
Study of how the body works and functions
Human Anatomy and Physiology part 1
Cell membrane or Plasma membrane
double layer of phospholipids
cytoplasm
cell
the outer boundary of the cell that controls the opening part…
cell membrane or plasma membrane made of?
material enclosed by the cell membrane and carries organelles
microscopic unit made up of a bubble of fatty filled with a w…
Cell membrane or Plasma membrane
the outer boundary of the cell that controls the opening part…
double layer of phospholipids
cell membrane or plasma membrane made of?
Introduction to Human Anatomy & Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
The eight characteristics needed to ma…
Organs found in the Skeletal System
The study of body structures
The study of body function
1.) Growth in size (Not in shape)... 2.) Reproduction... 3.) Mainta…
Bones, Cartilage, Ligaments, and Joints
Anatomy
The study of body structures
Physiology
The study of body function
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