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Study sets matching "human physiology anatomy"

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Study sets matching "human physiology anatomy"

5 terms
human anatomy and physiology
Nervous system
four lobes in the brain
function of the major regions of the b…
S/A Node
brain and spin
occipital, parietal, frontal, temporal
Starts each heart beat and sets the pace for the entire heart…
Nervous system
brain and spin
four lobes in the brain
occipital, parietal, frontal, temporal
94 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology
Gross Anatomy
Anatomical Position
Two Major Divisions of Surface Anatomy
Axial Region
the study of body structures visible to the naked eye
the human body is standing upright, with feet slightly apart,…
Axial Region-relating to head, neck, and trunk, the axis of t…
made up of the cephalic, cervical, thoracic, and abdominal ca…
Gross Anatomy
the study of body structures visible to the naked eye
Anatomical Position
the human body is standing upright, with feet slightly apart,…
33 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology Vocab
Pec
Brachii
Anti
Major
Chest
Upper Arm
Against
lay on top of
Pec
Chest
Brachii
Upper Arm
25 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology
Cell Theory
Eukaryotes
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
1. All organisms are composed of cells... 2. Cells are the small…
Complicated plant and animal cells, vary in molecular genetics
vertebral column, ribs and lower limbs, 80 bones
Bones of pelvis, upper and lower limbs, 126 bones
Cell Theory
1. All organisms are composed of cells... 2. Cells are the small…
Eukaryotes
Complicated plant and animal cells, vary in molecular genetics
32 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology
Describe the levels of organization in…
Homeostasis
negative feedback
positive Feedback
Atoms, Molecules, Cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, orga…
the tendency of an organism or cell to regulate its internal…
Almost all homeostatic control mechanisms are negative feedba…
the exact opposite of a negative feedback mechanism. With neg…
Describe the levels of organization in…
Atoms, Molecules, Cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, orga…
Homeostasis
the tendency of an organism or cell to regulate its internal…
13 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology 1
Digestive System
Alimentary/ Gastrointestinal canals/GI…
Accessory Digestive System
Small Intestine
is a group of organs working together to convert food to ener…
helps in digestion and absorption (mouth, Pharynx, Esophagus,…
swallowing and chewing; breaks down the food staff for digest…
Break down all macro-molecule( lipids , carbohydrates, nuclei…
Digestive System
is a group of organs working together to convert food to ener…
Alimentary/ Gastrointestinal canals/GI…
helps in digestion and absorption (mouth, Pharynx, Esophagus,…
60 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Structure and function are...
Scope of Anatomy: Microscopic Anatomy
Study of the structures of the body.
Study of the functions of the body.
complementary.
...
Anatomy
Study of the structures of the body.
Physiology
Study of the functions of the body.
67 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Terms
Anterior
Posterior
Dorsal
Ventral
front of the body
Back of the body
Toward the back
Toward the belly
Anterior
front of the body
Posterior
Back of the body
18 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Homeostasis
Receptor
The branch of biology consisted of the structure of living th…
How things work together. The study of the mechanical, physic…
Condition of balance in the body's internal environment due t…
Monitors change in a controlled condition and sends input to…
Anatomy
The branch of biology consisted of the structure of living th…
Physiology
How things work together. The study of the mechanical, physic…
159 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology II
Force
Muscle Force
Factors that Regulate Muscle Force
Muscle Fiber
...
...
Factors that INCREASE contractile force (more cross bridges a…
The long, slender cells that make up muscles... - MULTINUCLEATE…
Force
...
Muscle Force
...
64 terms
human anatomy and physiology
parietal bone
temporal bone
occipital bone
zygomatic process
a projection of the temporal bone that forms part of the zygoma
parietal bone
temporal bone
40 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Cell
Organelle
is the branch of science that deals with the structure (morph…
concerns the functions of body parts-what they do and how the…
In the human and other organisms, the basic unit of structure…
all cells of humans and other complex organisms contain... struc…
Anatomy
is the branch of science that deals with the structure (morph…
Physiology
concerns the functions of body parts-what they do and how the…
79 terms
Introduction to Human Anatomy & Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
The eight characteristics needed to ma…
Organs found in the Skeletal System
The study of body structures
The study of body function
1.) Growth in size (Not in shape)... 2.) Reproduction... 3.) Mainta…
Bones, Cartilage, Ligaments, and Joints
Anatomy
The study of body structures
Physiology
The study of body function
16 terms
Human anatomy and physiology
Sagittal plane
Transverse plane
Frontal plane
superior
divides body into left and right halves
divides the body into top and bottom halves
divides body into front and back halves
toward the head
Sagittal plane
divides body into left and right halves
Transverse plane
divides the body into top and bottom halves
28 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology: Muscles
Internal Oblique Cat
Transversus Abdominis Cat
Cat Scalenus
Serratus Ventralis
Anterior Deep
Anterior Deep
Anterior Deep
Anterior Deep
Internal Oblique Cat
Anterior Deep
Transversus Abdominis Cat
Anterior Deep
182 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology
Superior (cranial)
Inferior (caudal)
Ventral (anterior)
Dorsal (posterior)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
toward or at the front of the body; in front of
Toward or at the back of the body; behind
Superior (cranial)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
Inferior (caudal)
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
49 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Tissues
epithelial tissue
squamous
cuboidal
columnar
tissue: cells jhare avascular (closely packed together, littl…
epithelium: flat
epithelium: cube-shaped
epithelium: greater in height than width
epithelial tissue
tissue: cells jhare avascular (closely packed together, littl…
squamous
epithelium: flat
75 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology
Level of organizations for humans
Anatomy
Physiology
Tissue types
Cell, tissue, organs, system, organism
Study of the naming and location of body parts
Study of functions of parts
Tissue... Epithelial ... Connective ... tension
Level of organizations for humans
Cell, tissue, organs, system, organism
Anatomy
Study of the naming and location of body parts
59 terms
Essentials of Human anatomy and physiology Chapter 4
Epithelial Membrane
Cutaneous Membrane
Mucous Membrane
Serous Membrane
Includes the cutaneous membrane, mucous membrane, and the ser…
skin; consists of statified epithelium and a layer of areolar…
mucus-secreting membrane lining all body cavities or passages…
produces a watery fluid and lines closed body cavities; parie…
Epithelial Membrane
Includes the cutaneous membrane, mucous membrane, and the ser…
Cutaneous Membrane
skin; consists of statified epithelium and a layer of areolar…
163 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Study of the structure and organization of the body; relation…
Study of the function of the body and its parts
Thin layer that controls what goes in and out of the cell. It…
Contains the DNA which controls the activities of the cell.
Anatomy
Study of the structure and organization of the body; relation…
Physiology
Study of the function of the body and its parts
16 terms
Human anatomy and physiology
Sagittal plane
Transverse plane
Frontal plane
superior
divides body into left and right halves
divides the body into top and bottom halves
divides body into front and back halves
toward the head
Sagittal plane
divides body into left and right halves
Transverse plane
divides the body into top and bottom halves
17 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Gross Anatomy
Microscopic Anatomy
The study of the structure of the body and its parts.
The study of how the body and its parts work.
Large structures which are easily observable.
Small structures of the body that can only be seen under a mi…
Anatomy
The study of the structure of the body and its parts.
Physiology
The study of how the body and its parts work.
129 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology
Tissues
histology
Types of Tissue
Epithelial
group of cells performing a common function
study of tissues
-Epithelial ... -Nervous ... -Muscle ... -Connective
covers the inside or outside of the body ... (skin, lining of th…
Tissues
group of cells performing a common function
histology
study of tissues
51 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology
Epithelial Tissue
Squamous Epithelium
Cuboidal Epithelium
Columnar Epithelium
Epithelial cells are the protectors of the body. They help to…
Consists of a thin layer of cells, one cell thick. Lines the…
Is in structures such as kidney ducts, ovary surface, and ret…
The lining of the respiratory passages or digestive organs, w…
Epithelial Tissue
Epithelial cells are the protectors of the body. They help to…
Squamous Epithelium
Consists of a thin layer of cells, one cell thick. Lines the…
342 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology.
Epimysium
Perimysium
Endomysium
Sacroplasmic Reticulum (SR)
Separates muscle from surrounding tissue
Surrounds muscle fibre bundles
Surrounds individual muscle fibres
-Surrounds each myofibril... -Storage site of calcium ions
Epimysium
Separates muscle from surrounding tissue
Perimysium
Surrounds muscle fibre bundles
82 terms
human anatomy & physiology
anatomy
gross anatomy
microscopic anatomy
developmental anatomy
the study of the structure & shape of the body and its parts
regional, surface, systemic
eg. cytology (structure & function of plants + animals)... histo…
eg embryology
anatomy
the study of the structure & shape of the body and its parts
gross anatomy
regional, surface, systemic
81 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology
Metabolism
Catabolism
Anabolism
Excretion
Biochemical reactions that occur within the body, divided int…
Chemical reactions that break down complex substances into si…
Chemical reactions that build up simple substances into compl…
Removal of the waste byproducts of metabolic reactions; it pr…
Metabolism
Biochemical reactions that occur within the body, divided int…
Catabolism
Chemical reactions that break down complex substances into si…
23 terms
Human anatomy and physiology
Types of human physiology
Levels of organization
The seven characteristics of life
The Complementary of Structure and Fun…
1. Cell physiology. 2. Special physiology. 3. Systemic physio…
1. Atoms 2. Molecules 3. Macromolecules 4. Organelles 5. Cell…
1. Cells 2. Metabolism 3. Growth 4. Reproduction 5. Irritabil…
What a structure can do depends on its specific form
Types of human physiology
1. Cell physiology. 2. Special physiology. 3. Systemic physio…
Levels of organization
1. Atoms 2. Molecules 3. Macromolecules 4. Organelles 5. Cell…
61 terms
Human Anatomy& Physiology
antecubital
patella
axillary
cervical
forearm, inside of elbow
kneecap
armpit
neck
antecubital
forearm, inside of elbow
patella
kneecap
23 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology
For what metabolic reason does respira…
The ______ zone includes the aveoli wh…
What function would be most impacted w…
Surface area in the nasal cavity is in…
d
respiratory; conducting
b
a... b
For what metabolic reason does respira…
d
The ______ zone includes the aveoli wh…
respiratory; conducting
85 terms
Animals; Human Anatomy/Physiology
Describe characteristics of the kingdo…
Invertebrates
Chordates
Notochord
Multi-cellular, eukaryotic, lack cell walls, heterotrophic
Lack a back bone
Have a hollow nerve chord, notochord, post-anal tail, and pha…
Flexible cartilage rod(pre-development)
Describe characteristics of the kingdo…
Multi-cellular, eukaryotic, lack cell walls, heterotrophic
Invertebrates
Lack a back bone
18 terms
Human anatomy and physiology vocab
Gastr
Cardi
Megal
Itis
Stomach
Heart
Enlarged
Inflammation
Gastr
Stomach
Cardi
Heart
60 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology
Characteristics of neurons in the nerv…
Membranous vs glandular
Characteristics of Epithelia
What is connective tissue? Function?
Specialized cells responsible for conducting electrical impul…
Membranous epithelia forms sheets of cells that line external…
1. High rate of regeneration- high mitotic division to r repl…
It forms the bones, tendons, ligaments, blood, fat, and the u…
Characteristics of neurons in the nerv…
Specialized cells responsible for conducting electrical impul…
Membranous vs glandular
Membranous epithelia forms sheets of cells that line external…
105 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Review
human anatomy deals with
a person who is standing erect with ar…
pronation of the hand is the act of
which body plane divides the body into…
structural compositions of the body
anatomical position
turning the hand balm down
midsagittal
human anatomy deals with
structural compositions of the body
a person who is standing erect with ar…
anatomical position
54 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology
anorexia
alimentary canal:
three accessory organs
mastication
deliberate severe restriction of calories
the mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, larg…
the liver, gallbladder, and pancreas
chew
anorexia
deliberate severe restriction of calories
alimentary canal:
the mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, larg…
39 terms
Intro to Human Anatomy and Physiology
Movement
Responsiveness
Growth
Reproduction
Self-initiated change in position, motion or internal parts
Ability to sense change and react to them
Increase in body size
Parents produce offspring passing DNA to new individuals
Movement
Self-initiated change in position, motion or internal parts
Responsiveness
Ability to sense change and react to them
44 terms
PCAT Human Anatomy and Physiology
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Sensory Neurons
Motor Neurons
The brain and spinal cord
Nervous tissue outside of the brain and spinal cord
Messages toward CNS
Messages away from CNS
Central Nervous System
The brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
Nervous tissue outside of the brain and spinal cord
71 terms
HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
4 abdominopelvic quadrants
9 abdominopelvic regions
ANTECUBITAL
CERVICAL
Right upper quadrant(RUQ) Right lower quadrant(RLQ) Left uppe…
R hypochondriac region, Epigastric region, L hypochondriac re…
FRONT OF ELBOW
NECK(THROAT AREA)
4 abdominopelvic quadrants
Right upper quadrant(RUQ) Right lower quadrant(RLQ) Left uppe…
9 abdominopelvic regions
R hypochondriac region, Epigastric region, L hypochondriac re…
Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology
anatomy
physiology
atoms
cells
the study of the structure of the body & its relationship to…
the study of how the body & its parts function
building blocks of matter
the smallest units of all living things
anatomy
the study of the structure of the body & its relationship to…
physiology
the study of how the body & its parts function
29 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Human Muscles
Masseter
Buccinator
Sternocleidomastoid
Latissimus dorsi
Masseter
Buccinator
31 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Tissues
epithelial tissue
squamous
cuboidal
columnar
tissue: cells are avascular (closely packed together, little…
epithelium: flat
epithelium: cube-shaped
epithelium: greater in height than width
epithelial tissue
tissue: cells are avascular (closely packed together, little…
squamous
epithelium: flat
31 terms
PCAT - Human Anatomy and Physiology
Tissues
Histology
Four types of tissues:
Epithelial
A group of cells performing a common function
The study of tissues
Epithelial, nervous, muscle, connective
Functions as a covering of either the inside or outside of th…
Tissues
A group of cells performing a common function
Histology
The study of tissues
550 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Gross anatomy
Dissection
Branch of science tnat studies body structure
Science that studies body function
Focus on structures that can be carefully observed and studie…
Carefully cutting a structure
Anatomy
Branch of science tnat studies body structure
Physiology
Science that studies body function
100 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Terms
Ab
Adip
Agglutin
Aliment
from, away
fat
to glue together
food
Ab
from, away
Adip
fat
47 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology
Nasal
Acromial
Brachial
Antebrachial
Nose
Point of the shoulder
Arm
Forearm
Nasal
Nose
Acromial
Point of the shoulder
9 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Unit 2
Epithelial Cells
Support Cells
Contractile Cells
Nerve Cells
Location: Makes up skin and lining of blood vessels and gut... S…
Location: Found in support tissues, cartilage, and bone... Struc…
Location: Muscles- they are muscle cells... Structure: have spec…
Function: make it possible for you to react to your environme…
Epithelial Cells
Location: Makes up skin and lining of blood vessels and gut... S…
Support Cells
Location: Found in support tissues, cartilage, and bone... Struc…
83 terms
Intro to Human Anatomy and Physiology
structure
function
observation, dissection
systemic, surface, regional, developme…
Anatomy deals with the _________ (morphology) of the body and…
Anatomy deals with the structure (morphology) of the body and…
Anatomists rely on ___________ and __________.
Identify seven subdivisions of anatomy....
structure
Anatomy deals with the _________ (morphology) of the body and…
function
Anatomy deals with the structure (morphology) of the body and…
55 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology
Memory Sentence #1... History of Anatomy…
Who was Hippocrates?
What is the theory of spontaneous gene…
organism
Anatomy and physiology study the body and how its parts work…
An ancient Greek philosopher who had a theory that the human…
A false belief started by the ancient Greek philosopher Arist…
a living thing
Memory Sentence #1... History of Anatomy…
Anatomy and physiology study the body and how its parts work…
Who was Hippocrates?
An ancient Greek philosopher who had a theory that the human…
33 terms
Muscles Human Anatomy and Physiology
Orbicularis Oculi
Orbicularis Oris
Zygomaticus
Masseter
Orbicularis Oculi
Orbicularis Oris
24 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology
Difference b/t anatomy & Physiology
Define Anatomy
Define Physiology
What works to regulate ALL conditions…
-Anatomists OBSERVE... -Physiologists EXPERIMENT
Study of STRUCTURE of each system
Study of how body systems WORK
Homeostasis
Difference b/t anatomy & Physiology
-Anatomists OBSERVE... -Physiologists EXPERIMENT
Define Anatomy
Study of STRUCTURE of each system
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