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Study sets matching "human physiology chapter 11"

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Study sets matching "human physiology chapter 11"

96 terms
Human Physiology AHL (Chapter 11)
Antigens
Zoonosis
Clonal selection
B lymphocyte cell
protein/polysaccharide molecules found on the surface of cells
infectious diseases of animals (usually vertebrates) that can…
type of white blood cell of the lymphocyte subtype. They func…
Antigens
protein/polysaccharide molecules found on the surface of cells
Zoonosis
infectious diseases of animals (usually vertebrates) that can…
25 terms
Human Physiology - Chapter 11
Two divisions of the efferent nervous…
Two subdivisions of the autonomic nerv…
Primary differences autonomic ns vs. s…
for which nervous system is the term d…
Somatic- Voluntary... Autonomic - involuntary
Sympathetic ... Parasympathetic
autonomic = involuntary... somatic = voluntary... differ in nerve s…
Autonomic nervous system
Two divisions of the efferent nervous…
Somatic- Voluntary... Autonomic - involuntary
Two subdivisions of the autonomic nerv…
Sympathetic ... Parasympathetic
77 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
4 types of arrangements
Parallel Muscles
Convergent Muscles
Pennate Muscles
Parallel muscles... Convergent muscles... Pennate muscles (Unipenna…
-Structure: Fascicles arranged parallel with the long axis of…
-Structure: One attachment site for muscle fascicles all spre…
-Structure: Fascicles are arranged at an angle when connected…
4 types of arrangements
Parallel muscles... Convergent muscles... Pennate muscles (Unipenna…
Parallel Muscles
-Structure: Fascicles arranged parallel with the long axis of…
103 terms
Human Physiology Chapter 11
cardiovascular system
fist
less than one lb
apex
transport blood throughout the body to body tissue
size of the heart
weight of heart
pointed region on inferior aspect of heart, faces left hip
cardiovascular system
transport blood throughout the body to body tissue
fist
size of the heart
151 terms
Human Physiology; Chapter 11
functions of the endocrine system
endocrine glands
exocrine glands
hormones work
-control growth... -A collection of glands and organs. ... -Secrete…
-secrete hormones ... -they link various organ systems together…
secrete their products into a duct, from where the secretions…
chemical messengers that are released first into interstitial…
functions of the endocrine system
-control growth... -A collection of glands and organs. ... -Secrete…
endocrine glands
-secrete hormones ... -they link various organ systems together…
21 terms
Human Physiology Chapter 11
Autonomic Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System: Primary Func…
Autonomic Nervous System: Anatomy
Autonomic Ganglion
-Sympathetic and Parasympathetic Nervous System... -Dual Innerva…
regulate organs to maintain homeostasis
-2 neurons from CNS to effector organs: preganglionic neuron…
-communication from preganglionic neuron to postglanglionic n…
Autonomic Nervous System
-Sympathetic and Parasympathetic Nervous System... -Dual Innerva…
Autonomic Nervous System: Primary Func…
regulate organs to maintain homeostasis
76 terms
Chapter 11 Human Physiology
a collection of glands and organs
what is secreted by endocrine system
what is the function of endocrine system
examples of endocrine system regulation
endocrine system
hormones
sends signals from one part of the body to another for regula…
metabolism, growth, blood pressure
a collection of glands and organs
endocrine system
what is secreted by endocrine system
hormones
44 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
Sensory (afferent) division
Motor (efferent) division
Autonomic nervous system (ANS)
Sympathetic Division
somatic and visceral sensory nerve fibers conducts impulses f…
motor nerve fibers, conducts impulses from the CNS to effecto…
Visceral motor (involuntary) conducts impulses from the CNS t…
mobilizes body systems during activity
Sensory (afferent) division
somatic and visceral sensory nerve fibers conducts impulses f…
Motor (efferent) division
motor nerve fibers, conducts impulses from the CNS to effecto…
Human Anatomy & Physiology- Chapter 11
Brain
Spinal Cord
Spinal Nerves
Reflexes
the largest and most complex part of the nervous system
a slender column of nervous tissue that is continuous with th…
branch to various body parts and connect them with the CNS
rapid automatic response to a stimulus
Brain
the largest and most complex part of the nervous system
Spinal Cord
a slender column of nervous tissue that is continuous with th…
157 terms
Human Physiology: Chapter 11
1. Endocrine glands secrete their prod…
2. Biologically active molecules in th…
3. The neurons from the hypothalamus s…
4. Dual glands, like the pancreas, hav…
FALSE
TRUE
TRUE
TRUE
1. Endocrine glands secrete their prod…
FALSE
2. Biologically active molecules in th…
TRUE
15 terms
Chapter 11 Human Physiology
Bones
Ligaments
Tendon
Muscles
Provides hard framework to support body... Protects vulnerable s…
Provides Stability... Strengthens Joints
Connects skeletal bone to muscle tissue
Provides force necessary for movement by shortening their len…
Bones
Provides hard framework to support body... Protects vulnerable s…
Ligaments
Provides Stability... Strengthens Joints
14 terms
Human Physiology Chapter 11
hormone
3 ways hormones act on target cells
what makes a chemical a hormone?
hormone release pattern
chemical messengers that travel through body; responsible for…
1. by controlling rates of enzymatic reaction... 2. by controlli…
1. secreted by a discrete and identifiable cell or group of c…
1. stimulus... 2. sensor... 3. signal input... 4. signal integration... 5…
hormone
chemical messengers that travel through body; responsible for…
3 ways hormones act on target cells
1. by controlling rates of enzymatic reaction... 2. by controlli…
109 terms
Human Physiology Chapter 11
1) What is the difference between endo…
2) What 3 things do hormones help regu…
3) What are the 4 chemical classificat…
4) What are the 2 hormone classificati…
...
...
...
...
1) What is the difference between endo…
...
2) What 3 things do hormones help regu…
...
30 terms
Chapter 11 Summary Human Physiology
somatic motor neurons
Autonomic neurons
autonomic division is subdivided into
the maintenance of homeostasis within…
efferent division of PNS, control skeletal muscles
efferent division of PNS, control smooth muscle, cardiac musc…
a sympathetic branch and a parasympathetic branch
autonomic control, endocrine control, and behavioral resonses
somatic motor neurons
efferent division of PNS, control skeletal muscles
Autonomic neurons
efferent division of PNS, control smooth muscle, cardiac musc…
Human Physiology Chapter 11 Flashcards
How does the hypothalamus monitor osmo…
What are Walter Cannon's properties of…
What are the two main differences betw…
What is the vagus nerve? (Teleological…
The hypothalamus con taints neurons that act as sensors calle…
1. Preservation of the fitness of the internal environment... 2.…
The two differences are the pathways' point of origin in the…
The vagus nerve carries both sensory information from interna…
How does the hypothalamus monitor osmo…
The hypothalamus con taints neurons that act as sensors calle…
What are Walter Cannon's properties of…
1. Preservation of the fitness of the internal environment... 2.…
153 terms
Chapter 11 Human Physiology
I. Endocrine Glands and Hormones ... A. E…
I. Endocrine Glands and Hormones ... A. E…
I. Endocrine Glands and Hormones ... A. E…
I. Endocrine Glands and Hormones ... A. E…
ducts
hormones
receptors
hormones
I. Endocrine Glands and Hormones ... A. E…
ducts
I. Endocrine Glands and Hormones ... A. E…
hormones
72 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
what are fascicles?
what are the 4 patterns of fascicle or…
parallel muscle
convergent muscle
organized bundles of muscle fibres
1. Parallel... 2. Convergent ... 3. Pennate... 4. Circular
Fibres parallel to long axis of body... - For example, biceps b…
A broad area converges on attachment site... - For example, pec…
what are fascicles?
organized bundles of muscle fibres
what are the 4 patterns of fascicle or…
1. Parallel... 2. Convergent ... 3. Pennate... 4. Circular
15 terms
Chapter 11 Terms Human Physiology Silverthorn
Somatic motor neurons
Autonomic neurons
sympathetic
parasympathetic
control skeletal muscles
control smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, glands, and some adipo…
fight or flight
rest and relaxation
Somatic motor neurons
control skeletal muscles
Autonomic neurons
control smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, glands, and some adipo…
36 terms
Human Physiology Exam 2 Chapter 11
Three Gland System
Negative Feedback System
Specific Negative feedback system exam…
Hormones associated with Endocrine gla…
-Hypothalamus-->Anterior Pituitary Gland-->Target Organ
-How we regulate hormones through the bloodstream... -High secre…
-Body temperature... -Blood pressure... -Oxygen levels in blood... -Th…
-Thyroid Hormones: control metabolism... -Cortisol: stress hormo…
Three Gland System
-Hypothalamus-->Anterior Pituitary Gland-->Target Organ
Negative Feedback System
-How we regulate hormones through the bloodstream... -High secre…
97 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 11
Sensory Input
Integration
Motor Output
Nervous System
Monitoring stimuli.
Interpretation of sensory input.
Response to stimuli.
1. Sensory Output (Sense).... 2. Integration (React/Think).... 3. M…
Sensory Input
Monitoring stimuli.
Integration
Interpretation of sensory input.
31 terms
Chapter 11 (Human Physiology)
Explain "the clotting factor"
Explain "challenge and response"
Explain "Clonal selection"
Explain "memory cells"
1) makes platelets sticky ... 2) also converts prothrobin into t…
When the body is challenged by a foreign pathogen it will res…
Each B lymphocyte has a specific antibody on its surface that…
Because the adaptive immune response is dependent on clonal e…
Explain "the clotting factor"
1) makes platelets sticky ... 2) also converts prothrobin into t…
Explain "challenge and response"
When the body is challenged by a foreign pathogen it will res…
61 terms
Human Physiology: Chapter 11 - Endocrine System
Hormones
List the classes of hormones
Amines
Polypeptides
regulatory molecules secreted into blood by exocrine... - they a…
steroids, amines, polypeptides, glycoproteins
hormones derived from amino acids tyrosine and tryptophan. Se…
composed of chains of amino acids that contain fewer than 100…
Hormones
regulatory molecules secreted into blood by exocrine... - they a…
List the classes of hormones
steroids, amines, polypeptides, glycoproteins
38 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
Nervous System; 3 Overlapping functions
Somatic Sensory Fibers
Visceral Sensory Fibers
Motor/Efferent Division; 2 Main parts
Sensory Input, Integration, Motor Output
Conveys impulses from the skin, skeletal muscles and joints
Transmit impulses from the visceral organs (within ventral bo…
Somatic Nervous System-Conduct impulses from the CNS to skele…
Nervous System; 3 Overlapping functions
Sensory Input, Integration, Motor Output
Somatic Sensory Fibers
Conveys impulses from the skin, skeletal muscles and joints
116 terms
Human Physiology-Chapter 11 Topic List
Endocrine system...
Hormones functionally...
Endocrine system function(2 words)
Exocrine glands...
secretes chemical messengers called hormones.
link various organ systems together.
Regulation and coordination
-secrete their products into a duct... -exit the body or enter t…
Endocrine system...
secretes chemical messengers called hormones.
Hormones functionally...
link various organ systems together.
136 terms
Chapter 11- Human Anatomy and Physiology
The main differences between the Nervo…
Functions of the Nervous System:
Example of the functions:
The Nervous System is divided into wha…
Nervous System... a) very complex... b) fast acting ... c) communicati…
1) monitors changes (receives stimuli) =SENSORY INPUT... 2) proc…
You are driving and you see a red light ahead (sensory input)…
1) Central Nervous System... 2) Peripheral Nervous System
The main differences between the Nervo…
Nervous System... a) very complex... b) fast acting ... c) communicati…
Functions of the Nervous System:
1) monitors changes (receives stimuli) =SENSORY INPUT... 2) proc…
25 terms
Human Physiology Chapter 11 Terms
Hematocrit
Plasma
Erythrocyte
Hemoglobin
The volume percentage of red blood cells in a sample of whole…
Fluid portion of circulating blood
A red blood cell
Oxygen-carrying pigment in red blood cells
Hematocrit
The volume percentage of red blood cells in a sample of whole…
Plasma
Fluid portion of circulating blood
Fundamentals of Human Physiology chapter 11
endocrine gland
hormones are carried to _______ having…
many organs secrete hormones other tha…
neurohormones are secreted by speciali…
ductless, secrete hormone into the blood
target cells
heart, liver, kidneys, and adipose tissue
hypothalamus
endocrine gland
ductless, secrete hormone into the blood
hormones are carried to _______ having…
target cells
49 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 11
Nervous System
Sensory Input
Integration
Motor Output
Fast-acting control system that triggers muscles contraction…
the information gathered by sensory receptors resulting from…
the process by which the nervous system processes and interpr…
the process by which the nervous system activates effector or…
Nervous System
Fast-acting control system that triggers muscles contraction…
Sensory Input
the information gathered by sensory receptors resulting from…
50 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
Which of the following is not a specia…
Select the correct statement regarding…
Nerve cell adhesion molecules (N-CAMs)…
Which of the following is not true of…
They are mitotic.
The synaptic cleft prevents an impulse from being transmitted…
are crucial for the development of neural connections
They increase amplitude as they move away from the stimulus p…
Which of the following is not a specia…
They are mitotic.
Select the correct statement regarding…
The synaptic cleft prevents an impulse from being transmitted…
90 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
Muscle cell
Skeletal Muscle
Striations.
Involuntary
Is a device for converting the chemical energy of ATP into th…
A voluntary striated muscle that is usually attached to one o…
Light and dark transverse bands.
Not usually under conscious control
Muscle cell
Is a device for converting the chemical energy of ATP into th…
Skeletal Muscle
A voluntary striated muscle that is usually attached to one o…
35 terms
Chapter 11 Human Anatomy and Physiology
Nervous System
Sensory input
Integration
Motor output
Master controlling and communicating system of body ... Cells co…
Information gathered by sensory receptor about internal and e…
Processing and interpretation of sensory input( sends to the…
Activation of effector organs produce a response( decide what…
Nervous System
Master controlling and communicating system of body ... Cells co…
Sensory input
Information gathered by sensory receptor about internal and e…
24 terms
Human Physiology: Chapter 11, Cardiovascular System
Cardiovascular System Function
Heart Anatomy
Chambers, Valves and Veins
Right Heart
Generating High Hydrostatic Pressure to pump blood out of the…
Nestled in a double walled sac called the Pericardium, that's…
Septum: Divides heart into two halves ... Left Atrium: Mitral (B…
Receives Blood from the Body Tissues, Carries Deoxygenated Bl…
Cardiovascular System Function
Generating High Hydrostatic Pressure to pump blood out of the…
Heart Anatomy
Nestled in a double walled sac called the Pericardium, that's…
30 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
Neuroglia (CNS)
Astrocytes (CNS)
Astrocytes (CNS)
Astrocytes (CNS)
Neurons associate closely with much smaller cells "nerve glue"
Shaped like branching sea anemones "star cells"
Bracing the neurons and anchoring them to their nutrient supp…
Their most important job is "mopping up" leaked potassium ion…
Neuroglia (CNS)
Neurons associate closely with much smaller cells "nerve glue"
Astrocytes (CNS)
Shaped like branching sea anemones "star cells"
49 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 11
Which of the following is not a functi…
The ______ nervous system is composed…
The ______ nervous system controls the…
The part of the peripheral nervous sys…
Direct long term functions such as growth
Central
Somatic
Afferent
Which of the following is not a functi…
Direct long term functions such as growth
The ______ nervous system is composed…
Central
72 terms
Human Physiology Chapter 11: The Endocrine System
endocrine glands
exocrine organs
hormones
steroids
the type of glands that lack ducts and secrete hormones into…
the type of organs that have ducts and can have both endocrin…
chemical signals that are produced by endocrine glands and th…
the type of hormones that includes the sex hormones
endocrine glands
the type of glands that lack ducts and secrete hormones into…
exocrine organs
the type of organs that have ducts and can have both endocrin…
9 terms
Chapter 11- Human Health and Physiology 2
Describe the process of blood clotting.
What purpose do plasma proteins serve?
What can be found in blood plasma?
What is thrombin and what is its purpo…
-small blood vessels (capillaries, arterioles, & venules) get…
-found in blood plasma.... -prothrombin & fibrinogen are clottin…
-pasma proteins... -platelets - cell fragments, formed in bone m…
-Thrombin is converted from prothrombin.... -Is an enzyme which…
Describe the process of blood clotting.
-small blood vessels (capillaries, arterioles, & venules) get…
What purpose do plasma proteins serve?
-found in blood plasma.... -prothrombin & fibrinogen are clottin…
24 terms
Human Physiology: Chapter 11: The Endocrine System
Hormones
3 Basic ways hormones act on target ce…
What makes a chemical a hormone?
Hormone release follows basic pattern…
Chemical messengers... Responsible for long-term, on-going funct…
1. By controlling rates of enzymatic reactions... Produce some s…
Secreted by a discrete and identifiable cell or group of cell…
Stimulus... Sensor... Signal Input... Signal Integration... Signal Output…
Hormones
Chemical messengers... Responsible for long-term, on-going funct…
3 Basic ways hormones act on target ce…
1. By controlling rates of enzymatic reactions... Produce some s…
29 terms
Human Physiology Exam 3 Chapter 11 Endocrine
Endocrine System
Hypothalamus produces...
Pineal gland produces...
Pituitary gland produces....
collection of glands and organs... -secrete chemical messengers…
-Anti Dieuretic Hormone (ADH)... -Oxytocin... -regulatory hormones
-melatonin
Anterior lobe:... -Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)-gamete pro…
Endocrine System
collection of glands and organs... -secrete chemical messengers…
Hypothalamus produces...
-Anti Dieuretic Hormone (ADH)... -Oxytocin... -regulatory hormones
45 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11 Pearson
Nervous System
Nervous system functions
Central Nervous System
Peripheral nervous system
Master Controlling and communicating system of the body, cell…
Sensory input, Integration (brain), and motor output
Brain and Spinal cord, Integrative and control centers.
Cranial nerves and spinal nerves, communication lines between…
Nervous System
Master Controlling and communicating system of the body, cell…
Nervous system functions
Sensory input, Integration (brain), and motor output
20 terms
Human Physiology Chapter 11 Terminology (Part 1)
Steroid hormone
Peptide hormone
Protein hormone
Endocrine gland
Any of a family of hormones, like progesterone, whose structu…
Any of a family of hormones, like insulin, composed of approx…
...
Group of epithelial cells that secrete into the extracellular…
Steroid hormone
Any of a family of hormones, like progesterone, whose structu…
Peptide hormone
Any of a family of hormones, like insulin, composed of approx…
30 terms
Human Physiology Chapter 11 Terminology (Part 2)
Hypersecretion
Hyposecretion
Hyporesponsiveness
Hyperresponsiveness
Excessive secretion
Production of a bodily secretion at an abnormally slow rate o…
Diminished degree of responsiveness
Abnormal degree of responsiveness
Hypersecretion
Excessive secretion
Hyposecretion
Production of a bodily secretion at an abnormally slow rate o…
228 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology 1: Chapter 11 Vocabulary
Sarcolemma
Sarcoplasm
Glycogen
Myoglobin
The plasma membrane of a muscle fiber
The cytoplasm of a fiber
An energy-storage polysaccharide abundant in muscle
An oxygen-storing red pigment of muscle
Sarcolemma
The plasma membrane of a muscle fiber
Sarcoplasm
The cytoplasm of a fiber
86 terms
Human Physiology Chapter 11: Muscular Tissue
Muscle cells
skeletal, cardiac, smooth
Responsiveness, contractibility, condu…
Responsiveness
What kind of cells convert chemical energy of ATP into mechan…
What are the three types of muscle?
What are characteristics that all muscles share?
What characteristic of muscle is about the muscles ability to…
Muscle cells
What kind of cells convert chemical energy of ATP into mechan…
skeletal, cardiac, smooth
What are the three types of muscle?
13 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology chapter 11 vocab
Systemic circulation
Pulmonary circulation
Endocarditis
Systole
second circuit, from the left side of the heart through the b…
circulation from the right side of the heart to the lungs and…
forces the heart to contract more vigorously than normal to c…
heart contraction
Systemic circulation
second circuit, from the left side of the heart through the b…
Pulmonary circulation
circulation from the right side of the heart to the lungs and…
22 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11 Vocab
Mediastinum
Apex
Pericardium
Fibrous pericardium
the region of the thoracic cavity between the lungs
lowest portion of the heart, directed inferior, anterior, and…
double membranous sac enveloping the heart
fibrous sac enclosing the heart and the roots of the great ve…
Mediastinum
the region of the thoracic cavity between the lungs
Apex
lowest portion of the heart, directed inferior, anterior, and…
103 terms
Human Physiology Chapter 11: Cardiovascular System
transportation
less than a pound
mediastinum
apex
the main function of the cardiovascular system
the weight of the heart
snugly encloses the heart; the medial cavity of the thorax
pointed part of the heart directed towards the left hip
transportation
the main function of the cardiovascular system
less than a pound
the weight of the heart
13 terms
Chapter 11: Human Physiology: Endocrine System
RELEASES HORMONES TRAVEL THROUGH BLOOD…
Hypothalamus
Antidiuretic hormone
Positive feedback
RELEASES HORMONES TRAVEL THROUGH BLOOD FAR AWAY OR SOMETIMES…
BRIDGE BETWEEN ENDOCRINE & NERVOUS SYSTEMS; during stress, se…
increases water retention by kidneys, helps regulate blood os…
enhances an already existing response
RELEASES HORMONES TRAVEL THROUGH BLOOD…
RELEASES HORMONES TRAVEL THROUGH BLOOD FAR AWAY OR SOMETIMES…
Hypothalamus
BRIDGE BETWEEN ENDOCRINE & NERVOUS SYSTEMS; during stress, se…
142 terms
HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY - Chapter 11 - Exam 2
Three Major Hormone Chemical Classes
Amine hormones are derivatives of the…
Types of Amine Hormones... (4)
Adrenal Glands
1.) Amines... 2.) Peptides and proteins... 3.) Steroids
Tyrosine
1.) Thyroid hormones... 2.) Epinephrine... 3.) Norepinephrine... 4.) D…
Located on the tops of the kidneys.... Each is composed of an in…
Three Major Hormone Chemical Classes
1.) Amines... 2.) Peptides and proteins... 3.) Steroids
Amine hormones are derivatives of the…
Tyrosine
89 terms
Human Physiology Chapter 11 (Part 2)
endocrine glands
hormones
types of hormones
non-polar hormones
:secrete chemicals signals (hormones) into the blood
:chemical signals released into circulation... -broadcast throug…
non-polar... polar
-steroids... -thyroid hormones
endocrine glands
:secrete chemicals signals (hormones) into the blood
hormones
:chemical signals released into circulation... -broadcast throug…
9 terms
Human Physiology- Chapter 11: Blood cells
erythrocyte
leukocytes
Granulocytes
agranulocytes
red blood cells that carry O2 in the blood
white blood cells that perform defense functions in the blood
neutrophil, basophil, eosinophil
lymphocytes, monocyte
erythrocyte
red blood cells that carry O2 in the blood
leukocytes
white blood cells that perform defense functions in the blood
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