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Study sets matching "hun1201 chapter 6"

65 terms
HUN 1201 Chapter 6
proteins
composed of chains of glucose molecules
cannot be produced in sufficient quant…
can be synthesized in sufficient quant…
large complex molecules found in cells of all living things... s…
starch
nine essential amino acids
nonessential amino acids
proteins
large complex molecules found in cells of all living things... s…
composed of chains of glucose molecules
starch
38 terms
HUN 1201 Chapter 6
Proteins contain what 4 elements?
Amino Acids are made of ____________?
whats more complex; proteins, carbons,…
how many amino acids are there?
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen
carbon, hydrogen, amino group, acid group, side group/chain (…
proteins
20
Proteins contain what 4 elements?
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen
Amino Acids are made of ____________?
carbon, hydrogen, amino group, acid group, side group/chain (…
48 terms
HUN 1201 Chapter 6
Proteins
Amino acids
Nonessential amino acids
Essential amino acids
compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen…
building blocks of proteins. Each contains an amino group, an…
amino acids that the body can make
amino acids that the body requires but cannot make, and so mu…
Proteins
compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen…
Amino acids
building blocks of proteins. Each contains an amino group, an…
22 terms
HUN 1201 Chapter 6
Proteins
Amino Acids
Essential Amino Acids
Nonessential Amino Acids
Large, complex molecules made up of amino acids and found as…
Nitrogen-Containing molecules that combine to form proteins.
Amino Acids not produced by the body or not produced in suffi…
Amino acids that can be manufactured body in sufficient quant…
Proteins
Large, complex molecules made up of amino acids and found as…
Amino Acids
Nitrogen-Containing molecules that combine to form proteins.
15 terms
Hun 1201 Chapter 6
Amino Acids
Essential Vs. Non Essential Amino Acids
Limiting Amino Acid
Complete Protein
Building blocks of protein
9 Essential: Must be obtained by food... 11 Non- essential: Can…
The essential amino acid found in the shortest supply relativ…
Proteins containing all the essential amino acids; found only…
Amino Acids
Building blocks of protein
Essential Vs. Non Essential Amino Acids
9 Essential: Must be obtained by food... 11 Non- essential: Can…
65 terms
HUN 1201 Understanding Nutrition Chapter 6
Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI)
acid-base balance
amylase (AM-ih-lace)
artificial sweeteners
the estimated amount of a sweetener that individuals can safe…
the equilibrium in the body between acid and base concentrati…
an enzyme that hydrolyzes amylose (a form of starch). Amylase…
sugar substitutes that provide negligible, if any, energy; so…
Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI)
the estimated amount of a sweetener that individuals can safe…
acid-base balance
the equilibrium in the body between acid and base concentrati…
29 terms
HUN1201 FSU chapter 6
how are proteins different from starch
9 essential amino acids
essential
nonessential
Starch:composed of chains of glucose molecules.... Proteins:Com…
Cannot be produced in sufficient quantities to meet physiolog…
we cannot synthesize in the body, we must consume it in our d…
can be synthesized in sufficient quantities
how are proteins different from starch
Starch:composed of chains of glucose molecules.... Proteins:Com…
9 essential amino acids
Cannot be produced in sufficient quantities to meet physiolog…
29 terms
HUN1201 FSU chapter 6
how are proteins different from starch
9 essential amino acids
essential
nonessential
Starch:composed of chains of glucose molecules.... Proteins:Com…
Cannot be produced in sufficient quantities to meet physiolog…
we cannot synthesize in the body, we must consume it in our d…
can be synthesized in sufficient quantities
how are proteins different from starch
Starch:composed of chains of glucose molecules.... Proteins:Com…
9 essential amino acids
Cannot be produced in sufficient quantities to meet physiolog…
62 terms
HUN1201 chapter 7
Metabolism
calorimeter
anabolism
Catabolism
is the sum of all chemical and physical processes by which th…
measures a food's caloric content
the process of making larger, chemically complex molecules fr…
breakdown of larger, complex molecules to smaller, more basic…
Metabolism
is the sum of all chemical and physical processes by which th…
calorimeter
measures a food's caloric content
38 terms
HUN1201 Chapter 6
Proteins
Amino acids
Essential amino acids
Nonessential amino acids
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen; more complex because cont…
20 amino acids: carbon, hydrogen, amino group, acid group, si…
Must be supplied by diet ... Histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lys…
Body can synthesize... Alanine, arginine, asparagine, aspartic a…
Proteins
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen; more complex because cont…
Amino acids
20 amino acids: carbon, hydrogen, amino group, acid group, si…
29 terms
HUN1201 FSU chapter 6
how are proteins different from starch
9 essential amino acids
essential
nonessential
Starch:composed of chains of glucose molecules.... Proteins:Com…
Cannot be produced in sufficient quantities to meet physiolog…
we cannot synthesize in the body, we must consume it in our d…
can be synthesized in sufficient quantities
how are proteins different from starch
Starch:composed of chains of glucose molecules.... Proteins:Com…
9 essential amino acids
Cannot be produced in sufficient quantities to meet physiolog…
86 terms
HUN1201-Chapter 6
To lose weight, use regular, stick mar…
Egg yolks are a rich source of cholest…
Taking too many fish oil supplements m…
On average, Americans consume 60% of t…
False
True
True
False
To lose weight, use regular, stick mar…
False
Egg yolks are a rich source of cholest…
True
47 terms
hun1201 chapter 6
proteins contain:
amino acids
a protein is made up of about how many…
nonessential amino acids
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen
building blocks of proteins; each one contains a central carb…
20
amino acids that the body can make
proteins contain:
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen
amino acids
building blocks of proteins; each one contains a central carb…
20 terms
Chapter 6 HUN1201
1. Food sources of the phospholipid, l…
2. Which of the following oils is not…
3. Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and doc…
4. Fatty acids differ from one another…
Soybeans, peanuts, eggs, liver
Corn Oil
Prevention of cancer
Length of their chains, degree of saturation, location of dou…
1. Food sources of the phospholipid, l…
Soybeans, peanuts, eggs, liver
2. Which of the following oils is not…
Corn Oil
11 terms
HUN 1201 Chapter 6 Vocab
transamination
protein turnover
limiting amino acid
complete protein
transfer of an amine group from an essential amino acid to a…
existing proteins are degraded to provide the building blocks…
essential amino acid that is missing or in the smallest suppl…
sufficient amounts of all nine essential amino acids; derived…
transamination
transfer of an amine group from an essential amino acid to a…
protein turnover
existing proteins are degraded to provide the building blocks…
58 terms
FSU HUN1201 Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Proteins
Peptide bonds
Gene expression
Nucleotide
Large, complex molecules made up of amino acids and found as…
Unique types of chemical bonds in which the amine group of on…
The process of using a gene to make a protein
A molecule composed of a phosphate group, a pentose sugar cal…
Proteins
Large, complex molecules made up of amino acids and found as…
Peptide bonds
Unique types of chemical bonds in which the amine group of on…
16 terms
Chapter 6 - Water Soluble Vitamins HUN1201
Clinical issues associated with a defi…
Synthesized by intestinal bacteria
An amino acid that is a precursor for…
Skin disorder (dermatitis) for pellagra
Pernicious anemia and neurological degeneration
Biotin
Tryptophan
Lack of niacin
Clinical issues associated with a defi…
Pernicious anemia and neurological degeneration
Synthesized by intestinal bacteria
Biotin
25 terms
Chapter 6 - Fat soluble vitamins HUN1201
Type of tissue most affected by vitami…
A vitamin that is referred to as a hor…
Name for pure vitamin A found only in…
Chemical name when referring to vitami…
Epithelial
Vitamin D
Retinol
Tocopherol
Type of tissue most affected by vitami…
Epithelial
A vitamin that is referred to as a hor…
Vitamin D
76 terms
HUN1201 Chapter 6 Review Questions
What are the chemical elements that co…
What is the element unique in proteins…
What is the definition of a "protein"?
What are the building blocks of protei…
CHON: carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen
Nitrogen
compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen…
Amino acids
What are the chemical elements that co…
CHON: carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen
What is the element unique in proteins…
Nitrogen
38 terms
FSU HUN1201 Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Proteins
Peptide bonds
Gene expression
Nucleotide
Large, complex molecules made up of amino acids and found as…
Unique types of chemical bonds in which the amine group of on…
The process of using a gene to make a protein
A molecule composed of a phosphate group, a pentose sugar cal…
Proteins
Large, complex molecules made up of amino acids and found as…
Peptide bonds
Unique types of chemical bonds in which the amine group of on…
74 terms
HUN 1201 Chapter 9
What is body fluid and why is it impor…
Body fluids are about ______ of health…
Intracellular fluid
Intracellular fluid is ____ of body fl…
The liquid portion of cells and tissues
50 - 70%
Within the cell
2/3
What is body fluid and why is it impor…
The liquid portion of cells and tissues
Body fluids are about ______ of health…
50 - 70%
83 terms
HUN 1201 CHAPTER 8
What doesn't directly provide energy?
B-complex vitamins are important in as…
B-complex vitamins often function as w…
Excess amounts of what are excreted?
Vitamins & Minerals
Energy metabolism
Coenzymes
B-complex vitamins
What doesn't directly provide energy?
Vitamins & Minerals
B-complex vitamins are important in as…
Energy metabolism
35 terms
Ch 6 HUN 1201
Protein
Amino Acid
Essential Amino Acids
Nonessential Amino Acids
Large, complex molecules made up of amino acids and found as…
Nitrogen-containing molecules that combine to form proetins
amino acids not produced by the body, or not produced in suff…
amino acids that can be manufactured by the body in sufficien…
Protein
Large, complex molecules made up of amino acids and found as…
Amino Acid
Nitrogen-containing molecules that combine to form proetins
28 terms
HUN 1201 Exam 2 Chapter 6
Unlike carbohydrates and fat, the stru…
Amino acids are the building blocks of…
twenty different amino acids in our bo…
genetic makeup determines
DNA
amine group, an acid group, a hydrogen atom, and a unique sid…
nine - essential, our bodies cannot produce them, must be obt…
the sequence of amino acids in our proteins
Unlike carbohydrates and fat, the stru…
DNA
Amino acids are the building blocks of…
amine group, an acid group, a hydrogen atom, and a unique sid…
17 terms
HUN 1201 Chapter 6 Quiz Questions
Explain how the sequence of amino acid…
What are essential amino acids?
Which part of its chemical structure d…
Isoleucine, leucine, and lysine are:
...
...
its side group
essential amino acids
Explain how the sequence of amino acid…
...
What are essential amino acids?
...
48 terms
HUN 1201 Chapter 5
Triglycerides
fatty acids
Omega-3 and Omega-3 fatty acids
whats the difference between saturated…
glycerol and three fatty acids
methyl group at one end, acid group at the other... even number…
18-carbon polyunsaturated fatty acids
saturated: full of hydrogens... unsaturated: missing hydrogens
Triglycerides
glycerol and three fatty acids
fatty acids
methyl group at one end, acid group at the other... even number…
50 terms
Chapter 5 and 6 for HUN1201
The function of DIETARY fat includes a…
The function of BODY fat is to provide…
Saturated fats in the diet are the fac…
Saturated fats are associated with whi…
Provides taste/flavor qualities to food, provide fat soluble…
Provides storage form of energy, provides insulation, provide…
True it carries all the hydrogen atoms found in whole milk, m…
Whole milk, egg yolk, palm oil, chocolate, margarine (NOT PLA…
The function of DIETARY fat includes a…
Provides taste/flavor qualities to food, provide fat soluble…
The function of BODY fat is to provide…
Provides storage form of energy, provides insulation, provide…
103 terms
HUN 1201 Chapter 3
-ase
absorption
acid controllers
antacids
a word ending denoting an enzyme. The word beginning often id…
the uptake of nutrients by the cells of the small intestine f…
medications used to prevent or relieve indigestion by suppres…
medications used to relieve indigestion by neutralizing acid…
-ase
a word ending denoting an enzyme. The word beginning often id…
absorption
the uptake of nutrients by the cells of the small intestine f…
66 terms
HUN 1201 Chapter 4
Carbohydrates
Glucose
Simple carbohydrates
Monosaccharides
one of 3 macronutrients... important source of energy for all ce…
the most abundant carb... produced by plants through photosynthe…
contain one or two molecules... commonly referred to as sugar... mo…
contain one molecule... glucose, fructose, and galactose
Carbohydrates
one of 3 macronutrients... important source of energy for all ce…
Glucose
the most abundant carb... produced by plants through photosynthe…
52 terms
HUN 1201 Chapter 5
molecules that are insoluble in water
three types of lipids are found in foo…
lipid content of diets and foods
3 fatyy acid molecules + 1 glycerol mo…
lipids
triglycerides... phospholipids... sterols
fats
triglycerides
molecules that are insoluble in water
lipids
three types of lipids are found in foo…
triglycerides... phospholipids... sterols
88 terms
HUN1201-Chapter 7
Animal foods such as meat and eggs are…
Foods made from processed soybeans can…
Americans typically consume more prote…
Registered dietitians generally recomm…
False
True
True
False
Animal foods such as meat and eggs are…
False
Foods made from processed soybeans can…
True
79 terms
HUN 1201 CHAPTER 14
Adenosine Triphosphate
Why must ATP be generated continuously?
What is ATP generated from?
After depleting ATP stores, muscles tu…
The energy carrying molecule in the body
Muscles only store enough ATP for 1-3 seconds of activity
The breakdown of carbohydrates, fats and proteins
Creatine Phosphate
Adenosine Triphosphate
The energy carrying molecule in the body
Why must ATP be generated continuously?
Muscles only store enough ATP for 1-3 seconds of activity
96 terms
HUN 1201 Chapter 10
What are antioxidants?
What nutrients have antioxidant proper…
What is oxidation?
What is reduction?
Compounds that protect cells from the damage caused by oxidat…
Vitamin E, Vitamin C, Vitamin A and Selenium
A chemical reaction in which atoms lose electrons
Occurs when atoms gain an electron?
What are antioxidants?
Compounds that protect cells from the damage caused by oxidat…
What nutrients have antioxidant proper…
Vitamin E, Vitamin C, Vitamin A and Selenium
76 terms
HUN 1201 chapter 1
Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution…
accredited
Adequate Intake (AI)
professional organization ff dietitians in the United States;…
ranges of intakes for the energy nutrients that provide adequ…
approved; in the case of medical centers or universities, cer…
the average daily amount of a nutrient that appears sufficien…
Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
professional organization ff dietitians in the United States;…
Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution…
ranges of intakes for the energy nutrients that provide adequ…
17 terms
HUN 1201 chapters 6-10
Proteins contain: (4 answers)
T or F: proteins are more complex than…
How many amino acids are there?
These amino acids must be supplied by…
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen
True
20
essential amino acids
Proteins contain: (4 answers)
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen
T or F: proteins are more complex than…
True
100 terms
Hun1201 Midterm Chapters 1-4 & 6
_____________ is a polysaccharide, but…
Which of the following is an herbal pr…
The process of converting protein to g…
When blood glucose falls, the liver ce…
a. glycogen... b. fiber... c. maltose... d. fructose... e. starch... e. sta…
a. sucralose... b. sorbitol... c. xylitol... d. stevia... e. saccharin... d…
a. homeostasis... b. ketone body formation... c. protein-sparing ac…
a. glycodivision... b. condensation... c. none of the above... d. hydr…
_____________ is a polysaccharide, but…
a. glycogen... b. fiber... c. maltose... d. fructose... e. starch... e. sta…
Which of the following is an herbal pr…
a. sucralose... b. sorbitol... c. xylitol... d. stevia... e. saccharin... d…
22 terms
HUN 1201 Chapter 1
What're the 6 classes of nutrients?
Which of the 6 classes of nutrients ar…
What is required to yield energy?
Macronutrients
Carbohydrates, lipids (fats), proteins, vitamins, minerals, w…
Organic: Carbs, lipids, proteins, vitamins; Inorganic; minera…
must be classified as a macronutrient. micronutrients do not…
carbs, fat, protein, human body needs larger ammts
What're the 6 classes of nutrients?
Carbohydrates, lipids (fats), proteins, vitamins, minerals, w…
Which of the 6 classes of nutrients ar…
Organic: Carbs, lipids, proteins, vitamins; Inorganic; minera…
61 terms
HUN 1201 Chapter 4
what fuels nearly all the brains activ…
what can muscles be fueled by?
monosaccharides
disaccharides
glucose
glucose ... glycogen (storage form of glucose)... fat (provides abo…
single sugars... simple carbohydrates:... glucose, fructose, glact…
sugars composed of pairs of monosaccharides: maltose, sucrose…
what fuels nearly all the brains activ…
glucose
what can muscles be fueled by?
glucose ... glycogen (storage form of glucose)... fat (provides abo…
37 terms
HUN 1201 Chapter 12
water functions
what're the two cellular fluids?
how do you know when yore thirsty or s…
water intoxication
-carries nutrients and waste products... -maintains structure of…
-intracellular fluids... -extracellular fluid:... interstitial flui…
mouth, hypothalamus, and nerves sense changes
caused by drinking 10-20l within a few hours... symptoms: confus…
water functions
-carries nutrients and waste products... -maintains structure of…
what're the two cellular fluids?
-intracellular fluids... -extracellular fluid:... interstitial flui…
63 terms
HUN 1201 Chapter 3
GI Tract
Lumen
Whats the path of the GI tract?
the mouth
Gastrointestinal Tract: a flexible, muscular tube.
the inner space within he GI tract; its continuous from one e…
mouth-> esophagus-> stomach-> small intestine-> large intesti…
chewing breaks up food then fluids from the salivary glands b…
GI Tract
Gastrointestinal Tract: a flexible, muscular tube.
Lumen
the inner space within he GI tract; its continuous from one e…
10 terms
HUN1201 Quiz 6
The main disadvantage of using fat as…
Physical activity not related to a per…
The primary end product of glycolysis…
The amount of ATP stored in a muscle c…
its slow metabolic breakdown
leisure-time physical activity
pyruvate
no more than 3 seconds
The main disadvantage of using fat as…
its slow metabolic breakdown
Physical activity not related to a per…
leisure-time physical activity
31 terms
HUN1201 Ch. 6
what are proteins?
what elements are proteins made of?
proteins have a central carbon. what d…
essential amino acids __________ be pr…
large complex molecules found in cells of all living things.
carbon... hydrogen... oxygen... nitrogen
amine group... acid group... hydrogen... side chain
cannot; need to be obtained from food
what are proteins?
large complex molecules found in cells of all living things.
what elements are proteins made of?
carbon... hydrogen... oxygen... nitrogen
42 terms
HUN 1201 Chapter 13
what're the non essential trace minera…
iron
iron roles in the body
iron absorption
nickel, silicon, vanadium, cobalt, boron
essential element... ferrous (Fe++) reduced... ferric (Fe+++) oxidi…
cofactor in oxidation-reduction rxns... -part of electron carrie…
where?: upper sm intestine... body conserves iron
what're the non essential trace minera…
nickel, silicon, vanadium, cobalt, boron
iron
essential element... ferrous (Fe++) reduced... ferric (Fe+++) oxidi…
35 terms
HUN 1201 Chapter 10
vitamins
bioavailabilitly
precursors
thiamin
organic, essential nutrients required in small amounts by the…
the rate at and the extent to which a nutrient is absorbed an…
substances that precede others; with regard to vitamins, comp…
a B vitamins. The coenzyme is TPP (Thiamin pyrophosphate)
vitamins
organic, essential nutrients required in small amounts by the…
bioavailabilitly
the rate at and the extent to which a nutrient is absorbed an…
11 terms
HUN1201 chapter 14
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
creatine phosphate (CP)
glucose
glycolysis
the energy-carrying molecule in the body
-stores some energy that can be used to regenerate ATP... -store…
next source of energy for ATP production, after creatine phos…
-glucose provides ATP... -next fastest mode of production
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
the energy-carrying molecule in the body
creatine phosphate (CP)
-stores some energy that can be used to regenerate ATP... -store…
55 terms
HUN 1201 - Chapter 5
What is the most predominant monounsat…
How do chemist identify polyunsaturate…
How are fatty acids identified?
What is the basic chemical structure o…
Oleic acid
By the position of the double bond closest to the methyl grou…
1. The length of the carbon chain 2. The degree of saturation…
A chain of carbon with an acid group (COOH) at one end, and a…
What is the most predominant monounsat…
Oleic acid
How do chemist identify polyunsaturate…
By the position of the double bond closest to the methyl grou…
35 terms
HUN 1201 Chapter 11
How do fat-soluble vitamins differ fro…
what is Vitamin A
roles of Vitamin A in the body
vitamin A and vision
-require bile fro digestion and absorption... -travel through ly…
-first fat soluble vitamin recognized... -precursor: beta caroti…
-regulates expression of more than 100 genes... -retinal:active…
-helps maintain clear cornea... -helps convert light energy to n…
How do fat-soluble vitamins differ fro…
-require bile fro digestion and absorption... -travel through ly…
what is Vitamin A
-first fat soluble vitamin recognized... -precursor: beta caroti…
195 terms
Chapter 10 HUN 1201
________ are compounds that protect ce…
Which nutrients have antioxidant prope…
________ is a chemical reaction in whi…
_______ occurs when atoms gain a elect…
Antioxidants
Vitamin E... Vitamin C... Vitamin A (precursor beta carotene)... Selen…
Oxidation
Reduction
________ are compounds that protect ce…
Antioxidants
Which nutrients have antioxidant prope…
Vitamin E... Vitamin C... Vitamin A (precursor beta carotene)... Selen…
19 terms
HUN1201 chapter 8
vitamins and minerals:
coenzyme
cofactor
Thiamin (B1)
-do not directly provide energy... -needed for generating energy…
organic molecule needed for enzyme activity
small, chemically simple organic/inorganic, usually mineral i…
-metabolism of carbohydrate and branched-chain amino acids... -a…
vitamins and minerals:
-do not directly provide energy... -needed for generating energy…
coenzyme
organic molecule needed for enzyme activity
29 terms
HUN1201 chapter 13
underweight
overweight
obese
morbid obesity
too little body fat to maintain health
a moderate amount of excess body fat
an excess of body fat that adversely affects health
-body weight exceeding 100% of normal... -very high risk for ser…
underweight
too little body fat to maintain health
overweight
a moderate amount of excess body fat
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