Study sets matching "ib biology cells"

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Study sets matching "ib biology cells"

IB Biology - Cell Theory
Cell Theory
Unicellular organism
Metabolism
Homeostasis
Idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
Organism that consists of one cell that carries all functions…
Chemical reactions inside a cell, such as cell respiration
The ability to keep conditions inside the organism within tol…
Cell Theory
Idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
Unicellular organism
Organism that consists of one cell that carries all functions…
87 terms
IB Cell Biology-
phospholipid bilayer
cell membrane
fluid mosaic model
semipermeable membrane
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
model that describes the arrangement and movement of the mole…
A membrane that allows some molecules to pass through but doe…
phospholipid bilayer
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
cell membrane
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
100 terms
IB Biology Cell Biology
What is the hierarchy of cell biology?
What is the Cell Theory (3 statements)?
What are 4 common characteristics of c…
Atypical examples of cells (4)? What a…
atoms > molecule > cell > tissue > organ > body system > orga…
1) Cells are smallest unit of life.... 2) All living things are…
- membrane separates internal/external environments... - genetic…
- striated muscle (fibers, unusually large, multiple nuclei)…
What is the hierarchy of cell biology?
atoms > molecule > cell > tissue > organ > body system > orga…
What is the Cell Theory (3 statements)?
1) Cells are smallest unit of life.... 2) All living things are…
28 terms
IB Biology - Cell Theory
Cell Theory
Unicellular organism
Metabolism
Homeostasis
Idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
Organism that consists of one cell that carries all functions…
Chemical reactions inside a cell, such as cell respiration
The ability to keep conditions inside the organism within tol…
Cell Theory
Idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
Unicellular organism
Organism that consists of one cell that carries all functions…
72 terms
IB Cell Biology-
phospholipid bilayer
cell membrane
fluid mosaic model
semipermeable membrane
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
model that describes the arrangement and movement of the mole…
A membrane that allows some molecules to pass through but doe…
phospholipid bilayer
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
cell membrane
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
35 terms
IB Cell Biology-
phospholipid bilayer
cell membrane
fluid mosaic model
semipermeable membrane
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
model that describes the arrangement and movement of the mole…
A membrane that allows some molecules to pass through but doe…
phospholipid bilayer
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
cell membrane
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
26 terms
IB Biology - Cell Division
mitosis
cytokinesis
Interphase
G1 phase
nuclear division
cell division; cytoplasm divides
stage in which cell performs task for which it is preprogrammed
follows mitosis; period of cell growth
mitosis
nuclear division
cytokinesis
cell division; cytoplasm divides
34 terms
IB Biology Topic 1 Cells
2.1.1 Outline the cell theory
2.1.2 Discuss the evidence for the cel…
2.1.2 What are the exceptions to cell…
2.1.3 State that unicellular organisms…
The cell theory states that:... 1. All living things are compos…
Microscopes:... ◾Microscopes have increased man's ability to vis…
skeletal muscle fibres are larger / are not typical cells;... fu…
Unicellular organisms (such as amoeba, paramecium, euglena an…
2.1.1 Outline the cell theory
The cell theory states that:... 1. All living things are compos…
2.1.2 Discuss the evidence for the cel…
Microscopes:... ◾Microscopes have increased man's ability to vis…
87 terms
IB Cell Biology-
phospholipid bilayer
cell membrane
fluid mosaic model
semipermeable membrane
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
model that describes the arrangement and movement of the mole…
A membrane that allows some molecules to pass through but doe…
phospholipid bilayer
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
cell membrane
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
IB Biology Cell Organelles
Organelles/structure in a Eukaryotic A…
Organelles/structure in a Eukaryotic P…
Organelles/structure in a Prokaryotic…
Capsule
Flagellum, Nucleus, Nucleolus, Golgi complex, Cytoplasm, Lyso…
Nucleus, Nucleolus, Golgi complex, Cytoplasm, Ribosome, Micro…
Nucleoid, Flagellum, Cytoplasmic membrane, Ribosomes, Cell wa…
Prokaryotes. Protection and ability to interact with environm…
Organelles/structure in a Eukaryotic A…
Flagellum, Nucleus, Nucleolus, Golgi complex, Cytoplasm, Lyso…
Organelles/structure in a Eukaryotic P…
Nucleus, Nucleolus, Golgi complex, Cytoplasm, Ribosome, Micro…
IB Cell Biology definitions
phospholipid bilayer
cell membrane
fluid mosaic model
semipermeable membrane
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
model that describes the arrangement and movement of the mole…
A membrane that allows some molecules to pass through but doe…
phospholipid bilayer
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
cell membrane
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
18 terms
IB Biology Cell Organelles
Cell Wall
Central Vacuole
Centrioles
Chloroplasts
- Of many cells (not animal cells), a semi rigid but permeabl…
In many mature, living plant cells, an organelle that stores…
A barrek-shaped structure that arises from a centrosome and o…
Organelle of photosynthesis in plants and algae. Two outer me…
Cell Wall
- Of many cells (not animal cells), a semi rigid but permeabl…
Central Vacuole
In many mature, living plant cells, an organelle that stores…
IB Biology Cells Review
4 common features of cells
One example of a cell that goes agains…
Nutrition
Metabolism
1. DNA... 2. Plasma membrane ... 3. Cytoplasm... 4. Ribosomes
Fungi
Obtaining food to provide energy and the materials needed for…
Chemical reactions inside the cell
4 common features of cells
1. DNA... 2. Plasma membrane ... 3. Cytoplasm... 4. Ribosomes
One example of a cell that goes agains…
Fungi
33 terms
IB Biology: Cell Division
Cell theory
Pasteur Experiment
Endosymbiotic Theory
Prokaryotic
The theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
Spontaneous generations of cells and organisms does not now o…
a smaller organism that lives within another organism, the th…
Simplest cell structure without compartments or a nucleus.
Cell theory
The theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
Pasteur Experiment
Spontaneous generations of cells and organisms does not now o…
17 terms
IB Biology Cell Respiration
cell respiration
bioethanol
anaerobic respiration
glucose
the controlled release of energy from organic compounds in ce…
-ethanol produced by organisms... -renewable energy source... -prod…
-process of producing cellular energy without oxygen... -produce…
-C6H12O6... -organic molecule
cell respiration
the controlled release of energy from organic compounds in ce…
bioethanol
-ethanol produced by organisms... -renewable energy source... -prod…
IB Biology Kenny Cells
Function of life (R) x2
Function of life (G)
Function of life (M)
Function of life (N)
reproduce, response
Growth
metabolism
nutrition
Function of life (R) x2
reproduce, response
Function of life (G)
Growth
IB Biology - Cells
Cell Theory
Evidence for Cell Theory
Schleiden (scientist)
Schwann (scientist)
1. All living things are made of cells... 2. Cells are the struc…
Sterilized chicken broth experiment (sealed/unsealed)... life di…
"plants are made of cells"
"all living things (animals too) are made of cells"
Cell Theory
1. All living things are made of cells... 2. Cells are the struc…
Evidence for Cell Theory
Sterilized chicken broth experiment (sealed/unsealed)... life di…
59 terms
IB Biology - Cells
Outline the cell theory.
Discuss the evidence for cell theory.
What are the functions of life?
Compare the relative sizes of molecule…
All living things are composed of cells (or cell products)... T…
When scientists started to look at the structures of organism…
Metabolism - sum of all chemical reactions... Response - reactin…
Smallest to largest:... Molecules (1 nm) - Cell membrane thickne…
Outline the cell theory.
All living things are composed of cells (or cell products)... T…
Discuss the evidence for cell theory.
When scientists started to look at the structures of organism…
52 terms
IB Cell Biology
Cell theory
Exceptions to cell theory
Surface area to volume ratio
cell differentation
-cells are smallest possible units of life... -living organisms…
-skeletal muscle made of muscle fibers, not cells... -giant alga…
-exit and entrance rate of materials in the cell depends on s…
-occurs in multicellular organisms... -different groups of cells…
Cell theory
-cells are smallest possible units of life... -living organisms…
Exceptions to cell theory
-skeletal muscle made of muscle fibers, not cells... -giant alga…
19 terms
Ultrastructure of cells (IB Biology)
Cell wall
Plasma membrane
Capsule
Cytoplasm
Forms a protective outer layer to prevent cell from bursting…
Controls entry and exit of substances
Slimy, and allows cells to adhere to each other
Contains enzymes that catalyze chemical reactions of metaboli…
Cell wall
Forms a protective outer layer to prevent cell from bursting…
Plasma membrane
Controls entry and exit of substances
17 terms
IB Biology Cell Organelles
Capsule
Cell Wall
Nucleoid
Flagellum
Prokaryotes. Protection and ability to interact with environm…
Prokaryotes and Eukaryotic Plant cells. Protection.
Prokaryotes. Central location of the DNA that is highly organ…
All cells. Pro- Helically shaped and rotates in a socket in t…
Capsule
Prokaryotes. Protection and ability to interact with environm…
Cell Wall
Prokaryotes and Eukaryotic Plant cells. Protection.
28 terms
IB Biology - Cell Theory
Cell Theory
Unicellular organism
Metabolism
Homeostasis
Idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
Organism that consists of one cell that carries all functions…
Chemical reactions inside a cell, such as cell respiration
The ability to keep conditions inside the organism within tol…
Cell Theory
Idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
Unicellular organism
Organism that consists of one cell that carries all functions…
IB Cell biology
Cell theory
Functions of life
Metabolism
Homeostasis
1. Living organisms are composed of cells ... 2. Cells are the s…
Metabolism ... Response ... Homeostasis ... Growth ... Reproduction... Nutri…
any chemical reaction in the body
Maintenance of a constant internal environment
Cell theory
1. Living organisms are composed of cells ... 2. Cells are the s…
Functions of life
Metabolism ... Response ... Homeostasis ... Growth ... Reproduction... Nutri…
IB Biology: Cells
Prokaryotic cells are usually between…
What are the features of the prokaryot…
Cell Wall
Flagella and Pili
1-10 um in diameter
cell wall, plasma membrane, flagella, pili, ribosomes, nucleoid
protects and maintains the shape of cells
joins bacteria cells in preparation for the transfer of DNA f…
Prokaryotic cells are usually between…
1-10 um in diameter
What are the features of the prokaryot…
cell wall, plasma membrane, flagella, pili, ribosomes, nucleoid
104 terms
IB Cell Biology-
phospholipid bilayer
cell membrane
fluid mosaic model
semipermeable membrane
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
model that describes the arrangement and movement of the mole…
A membrane that allows some molecules to pass through but doe…
phospholipid bilayer
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
cell membrane
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
55 terms
IB - Topic 1 - Cell Biology
Cell Theory
Unicellular
Multicellular
Prokaryotic
The theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
A single celled organism
Made up of more than one cell.
A small single cell lacking a nucleus or any other membrane-b…
Cell Theory
The theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
Unicellular
A single celled organism
54 terms
IB Biology Topic 1: Cell Biology
Cell theory
Differentiation
Emergent properties
Multicellular
The theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
The expression of a particular gene(s) and not others in orde…
The idea that the sum of an organism is more than the parts i…
An organism made out of more than one cell.
Cell theory
The theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
Differentiation
The expression of a particular gene(s) and not others in orde…
96 terms
Cell and Biochemistry (IB Biology)
Cell Theory
Functions of Life
Relative in decreasing size
Magnification
All organisms are composed of one or more cells... Cells are the…
Metabolism ... Growth ... Reproduction ... Homeostasis ... Excretion ... Nut…
Organelles - Bacteria - Viruses - Membranes - Molecules
Size of image/Size of specimen
Cell Theory
All organisms are composed of one or more cells... Cells are the…
Functions of Life
Metabolism ... Growth ... Reproduction ... Homeostasis ... Excretion ... Nut…
55 terms
IB Biology - Unit 1 - Cell Biology
Cell Theory
Unicellular
Multicellular
Prokaryotic
The theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
A single celled organism
Made up of more than one cell.
A small single cell lacking a nucleus or any other membrane-b…
Cell Theory
The theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
Unicellular
A single celled organism
IB Biology - Cell Theory
SEM
Endoplasmic reticulum
Nucleolus
Nucleus
Scanning electron microscope (or microscopy). An EM that prod…
An organelle comprising a convoluted membranous stack and div…
An organelle found within the nucleus that contains ribosomal…
Membrane bound area within a eukaryotic cell where the chromo…
SEM
Scanning electron microscope (or microscopy). An EM that prod…
Endoplasmic reticulum
An organelle comprising a convoluted membranous stack and div…
34 terms
IB Biology Topic 1 Cells
2.1.1 Outline the cell theory
2.1.2 Discuss the evidence for the cel…
2.1.2 What are the exceptions to cell…
2.1.3 State that unicellular organisms…
The cell theory states that:... 1. All living things are compos…
Microscopes:... ◾Microscopes have increased man's ability to vis…
skeletal muscle fibres are larger / are not typical cells;... fu…
Unicellular organisms (such as amoeba, paramecium, euglena an…
2.1.1 Outline the cell theory
The cell theory states that:... 1. All living things are compos…
2.1.2 Discuss the evidence for the cel…
Microscopes:... ◾Microscopes have increased man's ability to vis…
58 terms
IB Biology - Topic 2: Cells
Cell Theory
Functions of Life
Resolution
Mm to um
1. All organisms are composed of cells... 2. Cells are the small…
1. Metabolism... 2. Growth... 3. Reproduction... 4. Response... 5. Homeos…
Clarity of a viewed object
1 millimeter (mm) = 1000 micrometers (um)
Cell Theory
1. All organisms are composed of cells... 2. Cells are the small…
Functions of Life
1. Metabolism... 2. Growth... 3. Reproduction... 4. Response... 5. Homeos…
52 terms
IB Biology: Cells
I. Living organisms are composed of ce…
2. A red blood cell is 8 μm in diamete…
3. A cell has cytoplasm, a cell wall,…
4. What do diffusion and osmosis have…
C. I and III only
B. 0.8 mm
D. A bacterium
C. They are passive transport mechanisms.
I. Living organisms are composed of ce…
C. I and III only
2. A red blood cell is 8 μm in diamete…
B. 0.8 mm
12 terms
Stem Cells - IB Biology
Stem Cells
Cell Division (in Prokaryotes)
Cell Differentiation
Types of Cell Differentiation
are a multicellular organism that is specialized in different…
Use Binary Fission.... •Produce new cells by the division of pre…
The process of being specialized in different functions and t…
Totipotent cells: can develop all cell types.... Pluripotent ce…
Stem Cells
are a multicellular organism that is specialized in different…
Cell Division (in Prokaryotes)
Use Binary Fission.... •Produce new cells by the division of pre…
25 terms
IB Biology Unit 1.2: Cell Ultrastructure
Outline how the invention of the elect…
Describe the differences between light…
Describe prokaryotic cells structure
State that bacterial cells divide by b…
Electron microscopes invented in 1930s and used in 1950s;... all…
Electron microscopes are higher resolution (can distinguish b…
Simple cell structure without compartmentalisation and withou…
Binary fission is a form of asexual reproduction and cell div…
Outline how the invention of the elect…
Electron microscopes invented in 1930s and used in 1950s;... all…
Describe the differences between light…
Electron microscopes are higher resolution (can distinguish b…
15 terms
IB Biology Unit 1.6: Cell Division
Define mitosis
Outline the role of mitosis
Explain the role of interphase in mito…
Outline the role of supercoiling in ce…
The division of a diploid (2 sets of chromosomes) nucleus to…
to reproduce cells which are genetically identical;... therefore…
Cell cycle is the period between one cell divsion and the nex…
Supercoiling refers to coiling of chromosomes;... condenses chro…
Define mitosis
The division of a diploid (2 sets of chromosomes) nucleus to…
Outline the role of mitosis
to reproduce cells which are genetically identical;... therefore…
61 terms
IB Biology: Cell Vocab
Where is the Nucleus in a cell?
What is the Nucleus?
What does the Nucleus do?
Where is the Nucleolus in a cell?
the chromosome-containing organelle of a eukaryote cell
it is the site of genetic transcription, contains cell's gene…
Where is the Nucleus in a cell?
What is the Nucleus?
the chromosome-containing organelle of a eukaryote cell
166 terms
IB Biology Topic 1 The Cell
Robert Hooke
Anton von Leeuwenhoek
Schleiden
Schwann
What scientist is responsible for naming the cell when he was…
What scientist, while observing pond water, saw what he calle…
What scientist said that all plants are made of cells?
What scientist said that all animals are made of cells?
Robert Hooke
What scientist is responsible for naming the cell when he was…
Anton von Leeuwenhoek
What scientist, while observing pond water, saw what he calle…
IB Biology Topic 1.6 Cell division
Mitosis
Supercoiling
Chromosomes
Cytokinesis
division of the nucleus into two genetically identical daught…
condensing a DNA molecule by repeatedly coiling it and windin…
Condensed DNA molecules that have separated from sister chrom…
The process of cell division (after mitosis)
Mitosis
division of the nucleus into two genetically identical daught…
Supercoiling
condensing a DNA molecule by repeatedly coiling it and windin…
IB Biology: Cell Division
Cell theory
Pasteur Experiment
Endosymbiotic Theory
Prokaryotic
The theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
Spontaneous generations of cells and organisms does not now o…
a smaller organism that lives within another organism, the th…
Simplest cell structure without compartments or a nucleus.
Cell theory
The theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
Pasteur Experiment
Spontaneous generations of cells and organisms does not now o…
43 terms
IB Biology SL- Cells
Cell Theory
Cell Theory Evidence
Nucleus
Chloroplast
-Living organisms are composed of cells... -cells are the smalle…
Microscopic evidence
control center of cell (Protein synthesis begins here)
found only in plants and performs photosynthesis
Cell Theory
-Living organisms are composed of cells... -cells are the smalle…
Cell Theory Evidence
Microscopic evidence
59 terms
Biology IB Cell Biology 1
What is Cell theory?
List some shared features of Cells
List the shared principles of Cell the…
Name some exceptions to cell theories
It is theory that cells are the smallest possible units of li…
1. Cytoplasm... 2. Ribosome... 3. Genetic information... 4. Cell membr…
1. All cells come from preexisting cells... 2. Cells are the sma…
1. Red blood cells... 2. Fungi Cells (Aseptate fungi)... 3. Skeleta…
What is Cell theory?
It is theory that cells are the smallest possible units of li…
List some shared features of Cells
1. Cytoplasm... 2. Ribosome... 3. Genetic information... 4. Cell membr…
IB Biology - Cell Biology
Cell theory
MR MRS GRHEN
Unicellular organisms
Multicellular organisms
- All living organisms are composed of cells ... - Cells are the…
- Movement... - Respiration... - Metabolism... - Reproduction... - Secret…
- Consists of only one cell... - They carry out all functions of…
- Consists of many cells ... e.x. Plants & Animals
Cell theory
- All living organisms are composed of cells ... - Cells are the…
MR MRS GRHEN
- Movement... - Respiration... - Metabolism... - Reproduction... - Secret…
40 terms
IB biology: cell bio
7 functions of life
cell theory
Hooke
vanLeewenhoek
metabolism... growth... reproduction... response... homeostasis... nutrition…
cells are the smallest unit of life ... all living things are co…
looked at cork under microscope, he named and discovered cells
father of microscopy, first to observe and describe single ce…
7 functions of life
metabolism... growth... reproduction... response... homeostasis... nutrition…
cell theory
cells are the smallest unit of life ... all living things are co…
77 terms
IB biology HL cell biology
cell theory
Human cheek cell
moss leaf cell
exception to cell theory; Skeletal mus…
Cells are the smallest possible unit of life, all living orga…
Contains; cytoplasm, plasma membrane, nucleus and mitochondria.
Contains; vacuole, chloroplast, nucleus, plasma membrane, cel…
Made up of muscle fibres, enclosed in a membrane, but are muc…
cell theory
Cells are the smallest possible unit of life, all living orga…
Human cheek cell
Contains; cytoplasm, plasma membrane, nucleus and mitochondria.
61 terms
Biology IB- Cell Biology
What does the cell theory state?
What exceptions are there to the Cell…
3 types of muscle?
Giant Algae
1) All living organisms are composed of one or more cells... 2)…
1) Skeletal muscle fibres-Very large but only consists of one…
Cardiac muscle- Located at heart, mirogenic (keeps contractin…
Very large only one cell. Organism of this size expected to b…
What does the cell theory state?
1) All living organisms are composed of one or more cells... 2)…
What exceptions are there to the Cell…
1) Skeletal muscle fibres-Very large but only consists of one…
IB Biology: Cells
Light Microscope
Electron Microscope
Scanning Electron Microscope
Transmission Electron Microscope
in this microscope, visible light is passed through the speci…
instead of using light, this microscope focuses a beam of ele…
the electron microscope used for the study of the surface of…
the electron microscope used mainly for the study of the inte…
Light Microscope
in this microscope, visible light is passed through the speci…
Electron Microscope
instead of using light, this microscope focuses a beam of ele…
35 terms
IB Cell Biology-
phospholipid bilayer
cell membrane
fluid mosaic model
semipermeable membrane
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
model that describes the arrangement and movement of the mole…
A membrane that allows some molecules to pass through but doe…
phospholipid bilayer
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
cell membrane
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
IB Biology Cell Studies
Eukaryotic cell
Prokaryotic cell
Cell theory
Criteria of life
Animal, plant, fungi
Bacterium
1. Comes from pre-existing cell... 2. Smallest unit of life ... 3.…
Factors cells need to fulfill to stay alive
Eukaryotic cell
Animal, plant, fungi
Prokaryotic cell
Bacterium
IB Biology Cell Cycle
Steps of Cell Division
Cell Cycle
Chromatin
Sister Chromatids
1) Reproduction: single celled organisms. ... 2) Cell growth... 3)…
Cell has a "life cycle" of specific phases that it goes throu…
A string of tightly packed histones.
Duplicated chromosomes
Steps of Cell Division
1) Reproduction: single celled organisms. ... 2) Cell growth... 3)…
Cell Cycle
Cell has a "life cycle" of specific phases that it goes throu…
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