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Study sets matching "ib biology cells"

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Study sets matching "ib biology cells"

21 terms
IB Biology HL Cells
Chlorella
Paramecium
Cell Theory
Evidence for Cell Theory
Unicellular, Autotroph cell... (Contains: Starch, Mitochondria,…
Unicellular, Heterotroph Cell... (Contains: Cilia, Macronucleus,…
1. All living organisms are made up of one or more cells... 2. C…
Pasteur's Experiments: Bread Samples (Swan neck flasks)... Tissu…
Chlorella
Unicellular, Autotroph cell... (Contains: Starch, Mitochondria,…
Paramecium
Unicellular, Heterotroph Cell... (Contains: Cilia, Macronucleus,…
55 terms
IB Biology - Unit 1 - Cell Biology
Cell Theory
Unicellular
Multicellular
Prokaryotic
The theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
A single celled organism
Made up of more than one cell.
A small single cell lacking a nucleus or any other membrane-b…
Cell Theory
The theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
Unicellular
A single celled organism
16 terms
IB Biology SL Eukaryotic Cells
Draw and label a diagram of the ultras…
Cell Membrane
Cytosol
Nucleus
Semi-permeable barrier that controls the entry and exit of su…
The fluid portion of the cytoplasm
Contains hereditary material (DNA) and thus controls cell act…
Draw and label a diagram of the ultras…
Cell Membrane
Semi-permeable barrier that controls the entry and exit of su…
53 terms
IB Biology - Cell Quiz
Equation to find magnification
Equation to find actual size
Robert Hooke
Antony von Leeuwerhoek
Measured length/scale bar label
Measured length/magnification
Looked at cork named "cells" (came up with name)
Credited w/ the first microscope
Equation to find magnification
Measured length/scale bar label
Equation to find actual size
Measured length/magnification
7 terms
IB Biology - Topic 1 - Cells 1.5 The origin of cells
Outline the cell theory
Describe the evidence from experiments…
Outline the evidence against spontaneo…
Outline Pasteur's experiments to dispr…
The cell theory states that:... 1. All living things are compos…
when cells are killed by heating and the mixture kept in seal…
Spontaneous generation is a theory that says cells, or organi…
Pasteur showed that heating of a flask containing nutrient br…
Outline the cell theory
The cell theory states that:... 1. All living things are compos…
Describe the evidence from experiments…
when cells are killed by heating and the mixture kept in seal…
19 terms
Ultrastructure of cells (IB Biology)
Cell wall
Plasma membrane
Capsule
Cytoplasm
Forms a protective outer layer to prevent cell from bursting…
Controls entry and exit of substances
Slimy, and allows cells to adhere to each other
Contains enzymes that catalyze chemical reactions of metaboli…
Cell wall
Forms a protective outer layer to prevent cell from bursting…
Plasma membrane
Controls entry and exit of substances
25 terms
IB Biology: Cells
1000
magnification
Resolution
nucleolus
Number of micrometers in a millimeter
Measure of how image is enlarged relative to specimen size
Ability to detect structures as separate entities
makes ribosomes
1000
Number of micrometers in a millimeter
magnification
Measure of how image is enlarged relative to specimen size
72 terms
IB Cell Biology - Miss Kirpalani
phospholipid bilayer
cell membrane
fluid mosaic model
semipermeable membrane
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
model that describes the arrangement and movement of the mole…
A membrane that allows some molecules to pass through but doe…
phospholipid bilayer
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
cell membrane
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
62 terms
IB Biology Topic 1: Cell Biology
Cell theory
Spontaneous generation
Differentiation
Emergent properties
The theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
the supposed production of living organisms from nonliving ma…
The expression of a particular gene(s) and not others in orde…
The idea that the sum of an organism is more than the parts i…
Cell theory
The theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
Spontaneous generation
the supposed production of living organisms from nonliving ma…
56 terms
IB Biology 11 - Cell Test
Phospholipids
Peripheral Protein
Cholesterol
Integral Proteins
Make up most of membrane. Polar head (attracts water) (bc it…
Provides point of attachment for cytoskeleton fibers (train t…
Prevents excess fluidity of membrane, so it thickens it up. P…
Usually protein channels, permeates phospholipid bilateral. T…
Phospholipids
Make up most of membrane. Polar head (attracts water) (bc it…
Peripheral Protein
Provides point of attachment for cytoskeleton fibers (train t…
53 terms
IB Cell Biology Test
Cell Theory
Functions of Life
Development of Cell Theory (Scientists)
How Louis Pasteur disproved spontaneou…
-All living organisms are composed of cells... -Cells are the sm…
-Growth: irreversible increase in size... -Reproduction: produci…
*People who contributed to the discovery of cells... Robert Hook…
-He put chicken broth in a curved neck flask and boiled it to…
Cell Theory
-All living organisms are composed of cells... -Cells are the sm…
Functions of Life
-Growth: irreversible increase in size... -Reproduction: produci…
11 terms
IB Biology SL Prokaryotic Cells
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleoid
Outer layer that maintains shape and protects the cell from d…
Semi-permeable barrier that controls the entry and exit of su…
Fluid component which contains the enzymes needed for all met…
Region of the cytoplasm which contains the naked DNA (genetic…
Cell Wall
Outer layer that maintains shape and protects the cell from d…
Cell Membrane
Semi-permeable barrier that controls the entry and exit of su…
IB Biology Cells
The Controls center of cell (protein s…
Part of a cell that performs photosynt…
Part of a cell that stores food and wa…
Part of a cell in which:... -site of much…
Nucleus
Chloroplast
Vacuole
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
The Controls center of cell (protein s…
Nucleus
Part of a cell that performs photosynt…
Chloroplast
29 terms
IB Cell Biology 2015
What does cell theory state?
What are the common features of cells?
What are the exceptions to cell theory?
What's the calculation for magnificati…
Cells are the fundamental building blocks of all living organ…
>has a membrane that separates the cells contents from everyt…
>Viruses they can reproduce but have no cells... >*Mitochondri…
mag=(size of image / actual size of specimen)
What does cell theory state?
Cells are the fundamental building blocks of all living organ…
What are the common features of cells?
>has a membrane that separates the cells contents from everyt…
54 terms
IB Biology - Topic 1 Cell Biology
Cell theory
Differentiation
Emergent properties
Multicellular
The theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
The expression of a particular gene(s) and not others in orde…
The idea that the sum of an organism is more than the parts i…
An organism made out of more than one cell.
Cell theory
The theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
Differentiation
The expression of a particular gene(s) and not others in orde…
90 terms
Cell Biology (IB)
Outline cell theory.
What are some examples of exceptions t…
What are the functions of life like fo…
Outline the functions of life for a pa…
-Cells are the smallest possible unit of life. ... -Living organ…
Skeletal muscles: ... -composed of muscle fibres and these fibr…
They carry out all functions of life in that cell.
Nutrition: feeds on smaller organisms and they digest them in…
Outline cell theory.
-Cells are the smallest possible unit of life. ... -Living organ…
What are some examples of exceptions t…
Skeletal muscles: ... -composed of muscle fibres and these fibr…
36 terms
IB Biology - Topic 2 - Cells
2.1.1 Outline the cell theory
2.1.2 Discuss the evidence for the cel…
2.1.2 What are the exceptions to cell…
2.1.3 State that unicellular organisms…
The cell theory states that:... 1. All living things are compos…
Microscopes:... ◾Microscopes have increased man's ability to vis…
-Amobae: can't be made of cells with just one cell; single ce…
Unicellular organisms (such as amoeba, paramecium, euglena an…
2.1.1 Outline the cell theory
The cell theory states that:... 1. All living things are compos…
2.1.2 Discuss the evidence for the cel…
Microscopes:... ◾Microscopes have increased man's ability to vis…
72 terms
IB Biology Topic 1: Cell Biology
What does cell theory state?
What are unicellular organisms? Give t…
Why are large organisms multicellular?
What are emergent properties?
That cells are the smallest possible unit of life and that li…
Unicellular organisms are organisms with only one cell, such…
Because of surface area to volume ratio. Rate at which materi…
Emergent properties are properties that a compilation of unit…
What does cell theory state?
That cells are the smallest possible unit of life and that li…
What are unicellular organisms? Give t…
Unicellular organisms are organisms with only one cell, such…
78 terms
IB Biology Cells
What are cells?
How many cells are in the smallest org…
How many cells are in larger organisms?
What are the smallest units of life th…
Cells are the fundamental building blocks of all living organ…
One cell. They are unicellular.
Many. They are multicellular.
cells
What are cells?
Cells are the fundamental building blocks of all living organ…
How many cells are in the smallest org…
One cell. They are unicellular.
35 terms
IB Biology Cell Quiz Review
Cell Theory
1st Rule of the Cell Theory
2nd Rule of the Cell Theory
3rd Rule of Cell Theory
The cell theory consists of three statements that govern our…
Cells are the basic unit of life- cells are the smallest thin…
All living things are made of cells- at their most basic leve…
Cells come from other cells- life does not spontaneously gene…
Cell Theory
The cell theory consists of three statements that govern our…
1st Rule of the Cell Theory
Cells are the basic unit of life- cells are the smallest thin…
25 terms
IB Biology, Cells
The cell theory states that...
What is differentiation?
Why are stem cells used in medicine?
How are stem cells used to help fight…
- cells are the smallest units of life... - living organisms are…
This is when cells specialize. Most genes will be switched of…
Stem cells retain the capacity to divide and to have the abil…
Leukemia affects the white blood cells. Leukocytes are made i…
The cell theory states that...
- cells are the smallest units of life... - living organisms are…
What is differentiation?
This is when cells specialize. Most genes will be switched of…
20 terms
IB Biology- Cell Organelles
Centrioles
Peroxisome
Ribosome
Flagella
Assist chromosome separation during cell division, found only…
Metabolic compartment, contains enzymes that make H2O2 and th…
Can be free or bound to the ER- made of two subunits. Site of…
A long cellular appendage specialized for locomotion, end hea…
Centrioles
Assist chromosome separation during cell division, found only…
Peroxisome
Metabolic compartment, contains enzymes that make H2O2 and th…
36 terms
IB Biology 2 Cells
Outline the cell theory
Discuss the evidence for the cell theory
Unicellular organisms carry out all fu…
Compare the relative sizes of molecule…
• All living organisms are composed of cells... • Cells are the…
• Invention of microscope allowed man to see that all living…
• Metabolism: the sum of the chemical reactions that keeps th…
1nm molecules... 10nm thickness of cell membrane... 100nm virus... 1µm…
Outline the cell theory
• All living organisms are composed of cells... • Cells are the…
Discuss the evidence for the cell theory
• Invention of microscope allowed man to see that all living…
12 terms
IB Biology: Cells
Metabolism
Reproduction
Sensitivity
Growth
chemical reactions that occur within an organism
hereditary molecules passed on to offspring (asexual/sexual)
the ability to detect and respond to stimuli/ changes in the…
increase in cell size/number
Metabolism
chemical reactions that occur within an organism
Reproduction
hereditary molecules passed on to offspring (asexual/sexual)
35 terms
IB Biology Cell Vocabulary
Cell
Prokaryotic cell
Eukaryotic cell
Cell Membrane (Plasma membrane)
The smallest structural and functional unit of life, typicall…
A type of cell lacking a membrane-enclosed nucleus, and membr…
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and a membran…
The membrane at the boundary of every cell that acts as a sel…
Cell
The smallest structural and functional unit of life, typicall…
Prokaryotic cell
A type of cell lacking a membrane-enclosed nucleus, and membr…
15 terms
IB Biology Unit 1.6: Cell Division
Define mitosis
Outline the role of mitosis
Explain the role of interphase in mito…
Outline the role of supercoiling in ce…
The division of a diploid (2 sets of chromosomes) nucleus to…
to reproduce cells which are genetically identical;... therefore…
Cell cycle is the period between one cell divsion and the nex…
Supercoiling refers to coiling of chromosomes;... condenses chro…
Define mitosis
The division of a diploid (2 sets of chromosomes) nucleus to…
Outline the role of mitosis
to reproduce cells which are genetically identical;... therefore…
34 terms
IB Biology HL - Cell Cycle
Interphase
G1 Phase
S Phase
G2 Phase
G1, S, G2, longest and most active phase of cell cycle, cell…
rapid protein synthesis causes cell to grow in size, proteins…
DNA doubles, chromosomes turn into sister chromatids, sister…
protein synthesis produces useful proteins such as microtubul…
Interphase
G1, S, G2, longest and most active phase of cell cycle, cell…
G1 Phase
rapid protein synthesis causes cell to grow in size, proteins…
50 terms
IB Bio - Cell Biology & Genetics
The Cell Theory
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic Cells
Endosymbiotic Theory
All living things are made of one or more cells... The cell is t…
Cells without a nucleus... Their DNA is a single,... circular chrom…
Cells with a true nucleus... Their DNA is composed of many linea…
The theory is that a large host cell ingested small cells (po…
The Cell Theory
All living things are made of one or more cells... The cell is t…
Prokaryotic Cells
Cells without a nucleus... Their DNA is a single,... circular chrom…
10 terms
IB Bio 1.1 Cell Biology
Cell Theory
Functions of Life
Kingdom Protista
Differentiation
All cells come from pre-existing cells... All organisms are made…
Movement... Reproduction... Sensitivity... Homeostasis... Growth... Respirat…
Unicellular organisms (Paramecium and Chollera)
Cells become specialized for certain things and functions
Cell Theory
All cells come from pre-existing cells... All organisms are made…
Functions of Life
Movement... Reproduction... Sensitivity... Homeostasis... Growth... Respirat…
18 terms
IB Biology Cell Organelles
Cell Wall
Central Vacuole
Centrioles
Chloroplasts
- Of many cells (not animal cells), a semi rigid but permeabl…
In many mature, living plant cells, an organelle that stores…
A barrek-shaped structure that arises from a centrosome and o…
Organelle of photosynthesis in plants and algae. Two outer me…
Cell Wall
- Of many cells (not animal cells), a semi rigid but permeabl…
Central Vacuole
In many mature, living plant cells, an organelle that stores…
56 terms
IB Biology- unit 1 cell biology
function of capsule
function of cell wall
function of cell surface membrane
function of cytoplasm
protects cell against dehydration and white blood cell attack
a rigid structure made of cellulose that surrounds the cell m…
barrier between cell and environment
where cell metabolism occurs
function of capsule
protects cell against dehydration and white blood cell attack
function of cell wall
a rigid structure made of cellulose that surrounds the cell m…
17 terms
IB Biology Cell Functions
Nuclear Pore
Mitochonria
Centrioles
Nucleolus
Channels in the double membrane that regulates passage of cer…
Site of cellular respiration --conserves energy to be used fo…
Aids in cell division and is the organizing center for microt…
Site of synthesis and assembly of ribosomes
Nuclear Pore
Channels in the double membrane that regulates passage of cer…
Mitochonria
Site of cellular respiration --conserves energy to be used fo…
20 terms
IB Biology 2.8 Cell respiration
Aerobic cell respiration
Anaerobic cell respiration
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
Carbon dioxide (CO2)
respiration requiring oxygen, involving the oxidation of gluc…
respiration in the absence of oxygen, involving the formation…
a nucleotide that releases energy when its phosphate bonds ar…
molecule resulting from oxidation of organic carbon compounds…
Aerobic cell respiration
respiration requiring oxygen, involving the oxidation of gluc…
Anaerobic cell respiration
respiration in the absence of oxygen, involving the formation…
92 terms
IB SL Biology: Cell Biology
What percent of all values fall within…
What percent of all values fall within…
The standard deviation is used to summ…
A graphical representation of the vari…
68
95
Mean
Error bars
What percent of all values fall within…
68
What percent of all values fall within…
95
IB biology terms: Cell Biology
Cell Theory
The principles of the cell theory
Osmosis
Binary fusion
The idea that cells are fundamental units of life.
1. All living things are composed of cells and cell products.…
Process by which molecules of a solvent tend to pass through…
When a cell reaches a certain size and then splits into two (…
Cell Theory
The idea that cells are fundamental units of life.
The principles of the cell theory
1. All living things are composed of cells and cell products.…
61 terms
IB Biology Cells
chemical reactions
addition of more cells
reacts to environments
maintains constant internal environments
#1 Characteristic of Life: Metabolism
#2 Characteristic of Life: Growth
#3 Characteristic of Life: Response
#4 Characteristic of Life: Homeostasis
chemical reactions
#1 Characteristic of Life: Metabolism
addition of more cells
#2 Characteristic of Life: Growth
25 terms
IB Biology - Topic 1 - Cells 1.2 - Cell Ultrastructure
Outline how the invention of the elect…
Describe the differences between light…
Describe prokaryotic cells structure
State that bacterial cells divide by b…
Electron microscopes invented in 1930s and used in 1950s;... all…
Electron microscopes are higher resolution (can distinguish b…
Simple cell structure without compartmentalisation and withou…
Binary fission is a form of asexual reproduction and cell div…
Outline how the invention of the elect…
Electron microscopes invented in 1930s and used in 1950s;... all…
Describe the differences between light…
Electron microscopes are higher resolution (can distinguish b…
15 terms
IB Biology 1: Cell Biology
Cell Theory
Cell differentiation
Atypical examples of cell theory
Functions of life in paramecium
Living organisms are composed of cells
Specialized tissues that develop in multicellular organisms
-Striated muscle... -Giant algae... -Aseptate
MR H GREN
Cell Theory
Living organisms are composed of cells
Cell differentiation
Specialized tissues that develop in multicellular organisms
18 terms
IB Biology Cell Organelles
Cell Wall
Central Vacuole
Centrioles
Chloroplasts
- Of many cells (not animal cells), a semi rigid but permeabl…
In many mature, living plant cells, an organelle that stores…
A barrek-shaped structure that arises from a centrosome and o…
Organelle of photosynthesis in plants and algae. Two outer me…
Cell Wall
- Of many cells (not animal cells), a semi rigid but permeabl…
Central Vacuole
In many mature, living plant cells, an organelle that stores…
26 terms
IB Biology - Cell Division
mitosis
cytokinesis
Interphase
G1 phase
nuclear division
cell division; cytoplasm divides
stage in which cell performs task for which it is preprogrammed
follows mitosis; period of cell growth
mitosis
nuclear division
cytokinesis
cell division; cytoplasm divides
26 terms
IB Biology - Cell Division
mitosis
cytokinesis
Interphase
G1 phase
nuclear division
cell division; cytoplasm divides
stage in which cell performs task for which it is preprogrammed
follows mitosis; period of cell growth
mitosis
nuclear division
cytokinesis
cell division; cytoplasm divides
18 terms
IB Biology Cell Organelles
Cell Wall
Central Vacuole
Centrioles
Chloroplasts
- Of many cells (not animal cells), a semi rigid but permeabl…
In many mature, living plant cells, an organelle that stores…
A barrek-shaped structure that arises from a centrosome and o…
Organelle of photosynthesis in plants and algae. Two outer me…
Cell Wall
- Of many cells (not animal cells), a semi rigid but permeabl…
Central Vacuole
In many mature, living plant cells, an organelle that stores…
19 terms
IB Biology Cells
Prokaryotic & Eukaryotic
Prokayotic vs Eukaryotic
Prokaryotic vs Eukaryotic DNA
Plant & Animal
Have DNA and genetic information to reproduce, ribosomes, cyt…
P: has pili to stick to animal cells and exchange genetic inf…
P: Naked DNA held in the nucleoid as a large singular strand…
Both have cell membranes, vacuole, lysosomes, nucleus, cytopl…
Prokaryotic & Eukaryotic
Have DNA and genetic information to reproduce, ribosomes, cyt…
Prokayotic vs Eukaryotic
P: has pili to stick to animal cells and exchange genetic inf…
41 terms
IB Biology Cells
What is the cell theory
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Kingdom Protista
1. All organisms are made of cells... 2. The cell is the smalles…
• Simple cells... • Lack compartmentalisation... • No membrane boun…
• Complex cell structure... • Compartmentalisation... • Membrane bo…
• Unicellular (single cell performing all functions)... • Primar…
What is the cell theory
1. All organisms are made of cells... 2. The cell is the smalles…
Prokaryotes
• Simple cells... • Lack compartmentalisation... • No membrane boun…
69 terms
IB SL Biology - Cells
Ribosomes
Eukaryotic
Protein Synthesis
Nucleoid
These organelles are the sites of translation of DNA for the…
A cell characterized by the presence of a nucleus and other m…
The assembly of chains of amino acids into functional protein…
Region containing closed-loop DNA.
Ribosomes
These organelles are the sites of translation of DNA for the…
Eukaryotic
A cell characterized by the presence of a nucleus and other m…
38 terms
IB Biology Cells
Cell theory
Life functions
Nutrition
Homeostasis
basic idea that cells are fundamental units of life is part o…
All cells show functions of life to maintain stable internal…
All cells require food to provide energy to power chemical re…
cells maintain a stable internal environment by carrying out…
Cell theory
basic idea that cells are fundamental units of life is part o…
Life functions
All cells show functions of life to maintain stable internal…
21 terms
IB Biology Cells
autotrophic
prokaryote
eukaryote
pseudo sex
self sufficient
before nucleus
-rue nucleus
two bacteria with pili attach and swap plasmids.
autotrophic
self sufficient
prokaryote
before nucleus
51 terms
Biology IB Cell Biology 1
List some shared features of Cells
List the shared principles of Cell the…
Name some exceptions to cell theories
Why are skeletal muscles an exception…
1. Cytoplasm... 2. Ribosome... 3. Genetic information... 4. Cell membr…
1. All cells come from preexisting cells... 2. Cells are the sma…
1. Red blood cells... 2. Fungi Cells (Aseptate fungi)... 3. Skeleta…
They are much larger than most cells
List some shared features of Cells
1. Cytoplasm... 2. Ribosome... 3. Genetic information... 4. Cell membr…
List the shared principles of Cell the…
1. All cells come from preexisting cells... 2. Cells are the sma…
22 terms
IB Biology Cells
rough ER
smooth ER
pilli
lysosomes
transports proteins
transports lipids; sex hormone production; detox of drugs
attachment and joining of bacteria cells to transfer DNA
intracellular digestion; hydrolytic enzymes; fuse with old/da…
rough ER
transports proteins
smooth ER
transports lipids; sex hormone production; detox of drugs
25 terms
IB Biology Unit 1.2: Cell Ultrastructure
Outline how the invention of the elect…
Describe the differences between light…
Describe prokaryotic cells structure
State that bacterial cells divide by b…
Electron microscopes invented in 1930s and used in 1950s;... all…
Electron microscopes are higher resolution (can distinguish b…
Simple cell structure without compartmentalisation and withou…
Binary fission is a form of asexual reproduction and cell div…
Outline how the invention of the elect…
Electron microscopes invented in 1930s and used in 1950s;... all…
Describe the differences between light…
Electron microscopes are higher resolution (can distinguish b…
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