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Study sets matching "ib cells"

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Study sets matching "ib cells"

48 terms
Ib cells
nucleus
pili
ribosomes
flagella
organelle in the center of the cell which contains the DNA... ON…
a hairlike appendage found on the surface of many bacteria, r…
the protein builders or the protein synthesizers of the cell…
a slender threadlike structure, especially a microscopic whip…
nucleus
organelle in the center of the cell which contains the DNA... ON…
pili
a hairlike appendage found on the surface of many bacteria, r…
23 terms
IB Biology - Cell Theory
Cell Theory
Unicellular organism
Metabolism
Homeostasis
Idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
Organism that consists of one cell that carries all functions…
Chemical reactions inside a cell, such as cell respiration
The ability to keep conditions inside the organism within tol…
Cell Theory
Idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
Unicellular organism
Organism that consists of one cell that carries all functions…
28 terms
IB Biology - Cell Theory
Cell Theory
Unicellular organism
Metabolism
Homeostasis
Idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
Organism that consists of one cell that carries all functions…
Chemical reactions inside a cell, such as cell respiration
The ability to keep conditions inside the organism within tol…
Cell Theory
Idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
Unicellular organism
Organism that consists of one cell that carries all functions…
35 terms
IB Cell Biology-
phospholipid bilayer
cell membrane
fluid mosaic model
semipermeable membrane
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
model that describes the arrangement and movement of the mole…
A membrane that allows some molecules to pass through but doe…
phospholipid bilayer
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
cell membrane
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
72 terms
IB Cell Biology-
phospholipid bilayer
cell membrane
fluid mosaic model
semipermeable membrane
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
model that describes the arrangement and movement of the mole…
A membrane that allows some molecules to pass through but doe…
phospholipid bilayer
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
cell membrane
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
87 terms
IB Cell Biology-
phospholipid bilayer
cell membrane
fluid mosaic model
semipermeable membrane
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
model that describes the arrangement and movement of the mole…
A membrane that allows some molecules to pass through but doe…
phospholipid bilayer
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
cell membrane
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
10 terms
IB BIO CELL PARTS
Nucleas
Rough endoplasmic reticulum
Golgi apparatus
Lysosome
A membrane bound structure that contains genetic material org…
studded with ribosomes, and secretes proteins into the cytopl…
A network of stacked membranous vesicles, present in most liv…
Organelles containing a large range of digestive enzymes used…
Nucleas
A membrane bound structure that contains genetic material org…
Rough endoplasmic reticulum
studded with ribosomes, and secretes proteins into the cytopl…
26 terms
IB Biology - Cell Division
mitosis
cytokinesis
Interphase
G1 phase
nuclear division
cell division; cytoplasm divides
stage in which cell performs task for which it is preprogrammed
follows mitosis; period of cell growth
mitosis
nuclear division
cytokinesis
cell division; cytoplasm divides
34 terms
IB Biology Topic 1 Cells
2.1.1 Outline the cell theory
2.1.2 Discuss the evidence for the cel…
2.1.2 What are the exceptions to cell…
2.1.3 State that unicellular organisms…
The cell theory states that:... 1. All living things are compos…
Microscopes:... ◾Microscopes have increased man's ability to vis…
skeletal muscle fibres are larger / are not typical cells;... fu…
Unicellular organisms (such as amoeba, paramecium, euglena an…
2.1.1 Outline the cell theory
The cell theory states that:... 1. All living things are compos…
2.1.2 Discuss the evidence for the cel…
Microscopes:... ◾Microscopes have increased man's ability to vis…
66 terms
IB Cells
Outline Cell Theory
what are the functions of life?
homeostasis
Metabolism
1. all organisms are composed of one or more cells... 2. cells a…
metabolism, growth, reproduction, response, homeostasis, nutr…
process by which organisms maintain a relatively stable inter…
set of chemical reactions through which an organism builds up…
Outline Cell Theory
1. all organisms are composed of one or more cells... 2. cells a…
what are the functions of life?
metabolism, growth, reproduction, response, homeostasis, nutr…
72 terms
IB Cell Biology definitions
phospholipid bilayer
cell membrane
fluid mosaic model
semipermeable membrane
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
model that describes the arrangement and movement of the mole…
A membrane that allows some molecules to pass through but doe…
phospholipid bilayer
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
cell membrane
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
66 terms
IB Cells
Outline Cell Theory
what are the functions of life?
homeostasis
Metabolism
1. all organisms are composed of one or more cells... 2. cells a…
metabolism, growth, reproduction, response, homeostasis, nutr…
process by which organisms maintain a relatively stable inter…
set of chemical reactions through which an organism builds up…
Outline Cell Theory
1. all organisms are composed of one or more cells... 2. cells a…
what are the functions of life?
metabolism, growth, reproduction, response, homeostasis, nutr…
20 terms
IB Bio Ultrastructure of cells
Compartmentalization
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Light microscope
Dividing the cytoplasm into membrane-bound organelles.
Cells with a simple cell structure, without membrane bound or…
Cells that contain a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Microscope that uses a beam of light passing through one or m…
Compartmentalization
Dividing the cytoplasm into membrane-bound organelles.
Prokaryotes
Cells with a simple cell structure, without membrane bound or…
66 terms
IB Cells
Outline Cell Theory
what are the functions of life?
homeostasis
Metabolism
1. all organisms are composed of one or more cells... 2. cells a…
metabolism, growth, reproduction, response, homeostasis, nutr…
process by which organisms maintain a relatively stable inter…
set of chemical reactions through which an organism builds up…
Outline Cell Theory
1. all organisms are composed of one or more cells... 2. cells a…
what are the functions of life?
metabolism, growth, reproduction, response, homeostasis, nutr…
28 terms
IB 1.2 Ultrastructure of cell
Cell Wall
Nucleoid
Plasma Membrane
Cytoplasm
Part of the cell that protects the cell from the outside envi…
Area where DNA is found in prokaryotic cells
Controls the substances moving into and out of the cell. cont…
Cell fluid, contains enzymes used catalyze the chemical react…
Cell Wall
Part of the cell that protects the cell from the outside envi…
Nucleoid
Area where DNA is found in prokaryotic cells
66 terms
IB Cells
Outline Cell Theory
what are the functions of life?
homeostasis
Metabolism
1. all organisms are composed of one or more cells... 2. cells a…
metabolism, growth, reproduction, response, homeostasis, nutr…
process by which organisms maintain a relatively stable inter…
set of chemical reactions through which an organism builds up…
Outline Cell Theory
1. all organisms are composed of one or more cells... 2. cells a…
what are the functions of life?
metabolism, growth, reproduction, response, homeostasis, nutr…
116 terms
IB Biology - Cell Theory
SEM
Endoplasmic reticulum
Nucleolus
Nucleus
Scanning electron microscope (or microscopy). An EM that prod…
An organelle comprising a convoluted membranous stack and div…
An organelle found within the nucleus that contains ribosomal…
Membrane bound area within a eukaryotic cell where the chromo…
SEM
Scanning electron microscope (or microscopy). An EM that prod…
Endoplasmic reticulum
An organelle comprising a convoluted membranous stack and div…
IB Biology Cell Studies
Eukaryotic cell
Prokaryotic cell
Cell theory
Criteria of life
Animal, plant, fungi
Bacterium
1. Comes from pre-existing cell... 2. Smallest unit of life ... 3.…
Factors cells need to fulfill to stay alive
Eukaryotic cell
Animal, plant, fungi
Prokaryotic cell
Bacterium
17 terms
IB Biology Cell Respiration
cell respiration
bioethanol
anaerobic respiration
glucose
the controlled release of energy from organic compounds in ce…
-ethanol produced by organisms... -renewable energy source... -prod…
-process of producing cellular energy without oxygen... -produce…
-C6H12O6... -organic molecule
cell respiration
the controlled release of energy from organic compounds in ce…
bioethanol
-ethanol produced by organisms... -renewable energy source... -prod…
31 terms
IB cell parts and functions
(Free) Ribosome
Cytoplasm
Lysosome/vesicle
Nucleus
Where: Occurs free in cytoplasm or attached to the E.R.... Funct…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
Cell organelle with hydrolytic enzymes (enzymes that break do…
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
(Free) Ribosome
Where: Occurs free in cytoplasm or attached to the E.R.... Funct…
Cytoplasm
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
10 terms
IB Bio 1.1 Cell Biology
Cell Theory
Functions of Life
Kingdom Protista
Differentiation
All cells come from pre-existing cells... All organisms are made…
Movement... Reproduction... Sensitivity... Homeostasis... Growth... Respirat…
Unicellular organisms (Paramecium and Chollera)
Cells become specialized for certain things and functions
Cell Theory
All cells come from pre-existing cells... All organisms are made…
Functions of Life
Movement... Reproduction... Sensitivity... Homeostasis... Growth... Respirat…
72 terms
IB Cell Biology-
phospholipid bilayer
cell membrane
fluid mosaic model
semipermeable membrane
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
model that describes the arrangement and movement of the mole…
A membrane that allows some molecules to pass through but doe…
phospholipid bilayer
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
cell membrane
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
53 terms
IB Biology Kenny Cells
Function of life (R) x2
Function of life (G)
Function of life (M)
Function of life (N)
reproduce, response
Growth
metabolism
nutrition
Function of life (R) x2
reproduce, response
Function of life (G)
Growth
100 terms
IB Biology Cell Biology
What is the hierarchy of cell biology?
What is the Cell Theory (3 statements)?
What are 4 common characteristics of c…
Atypical examples of cells (4)? What a…
atoms > molecule > cell > tissue > organ > body system > orga…
1) Cells are smallest unit of life.... 2) All living things are…
- membrane separates internal/external environments... - genetic…
- striated muscle (fibers, unusually large, multiple nuclei)…
What is the hierarchy of cell biology?
atoms > molecule > cell > tissue > organ > body system > orga…
What is the Cell Theory (3 statements)?
1) Cells are smallest unit of life.... 2) All living things are…
10 terms
IB Cell Cycle Quiz
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
- DNA replication occurs... -Genetic material is in the form of…
- Chromosomes become visible (supercoiling)... -Centrioles move…
-Chromosomes move to the equator... -Spindle microtubules attach…
-Centromeres separate... -Chromatids separate and move to opposi…
Interphase
- DNA replication occurs... -Genetic material is in the form of…
Prophase
- Chromosomes become visible (supercoiling)... -Centrioles move…
41 terms
Bio 02 - Cells (IB)
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
mitochondrion
nucleus
sejtmembrán... controlls entry and exit of substances pumping so…
sejtplazma... contains enzymes that catalyse the chemical reacti…
eukarióta sejtekben található, az energia előállításában és a…
sejtmag
plasma membrane
sejtmembrán... controlls entry and exit of substances pumping so…
cytoplasm
sejtplazma... contains enzymes that catalyse the chemical reacti…
52 terms
IB Cell Biology
Cell theory
Exceptions to cell theory
Surface area to volume ratio
cell differentation
-cells are smallest possible units of life... -living organisms…
-skeletal muscle made of muscle fibers, not cells... -giant alga…
-exit and entrance rate of materials in the cell depends on s…
-occurs in multicellular organisms... -different groups of cells…
Cell theory
-cells are smallest possible units of life... -living organisms…
Exceptions to cell theory
-skeletal muscle made of muscle fibers, not cells... -giant alga…
34 terms
BISV - IB Biology - Topic 2 - Cells
2.1.1 Outline the cell theory
2.1.2 Discuss the evidence for the cel…
2.1.2 What are the exceptions to cell…
2.1.3 State that unicellular organisms…
The cell theory states that:... 1. All living things are compos…
Microscopes:... ◾Microscopes have increased man's ability to vis…
skeletal muscle fibres are larger / are not typical cells;... fu…
Unicellular organisms (such as amoeba, paramecium, euglena an…
2.1.1 Outline the cell theory
The cell theory states that:... 1. All living things are compos…
2.1.2 Discuss the evidence for the cel…
Microscopes:... ◾Microscopes have increased man's ability to vis…
7 terms
2.8 Cell respiration (IB)
Respiration
Aerobic respiration
Anaerobic respiration
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
A series of enzyme-catalysed reactions which release chemical…
Requires oxygen and produces carbon dioxide, water and much A…
Occurs in the absence of oxygen and produces lactate in anima…
Nucleotide produced during respiration; important in transfer…
Respiration
A series of enzyme-catalysed reactions which release chemical…
Aerobic respiration
Requires oxygen and produces carbon dioxide, water and much A…
10 terms
IB 1.1 Cells
micrometers
nanometers
Homeostasis
Magnification
used to measure very small distances. equal to 1/1000 of a mi…
A nanometer is a unit of measurement to measure microscopic o…
Maintaining a constant internal environment
i... Make appear larger than it is, especially with a lens or mi…
micrometers
used to measure very small distances. equal to 1/1000 of a mi…
nanometers
A nanometer is a unit of measurement to measure microscopic o…
20 terms
IB Biology Topic 1.6 Cell division
Mitosis
Supercoiling
Chromosomes
Cytokinesis
division of the nucleus into two genetically identical daught…
condensing a DNA molecule by repeatedly coiling it and windin…
Condensed DNA molecules that have separated from sister chrom…
The process of cell division (after mitosis)
Mitosis
division of the nucleus into two genetically identical daught…
Supercoiling
condensing a DNA molecule by repeatedly coiling it and windin…
25 terms
8.2 Cell Respiration (IB)
Respiration
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
ADP (adenosine diphosphate)
Glycolysis
A series of enzyme-catalysed reactions which release chemical…
Nucleotide produced during respiration; important in transfer…
An organic compound that is composed of adenosine and two pho…
The breakdown of glucose by enzymes, releasing energy and pyr…
Respiration
A series of enzyme-catalysed reactions which release chemical…
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
Nucleotide produced during respiration; important in transfer…
82 terms
IB Biology 2016 - Topic 1 - Cells
Outline the cell theory
Discuss the evidence for the cell theory
What are the exceptions to cell theory?
State that unicellular organisms carry…
The cell theory states that:... 1. All living things are compos…
Microscopes have increased man's ability to visualise tiny ob…
striated skeletal muscle fibres are not typical cells; they a…
Unicellular organisms (such as amoeba, paramecium, euglena an…
Outline the cell theory
The cell theory states that:... 1. All living things are compos…
Discuss the evidence for the cell theory
Microscopes have increased man's ability to visualise tiny ob…
83 terms
IB Biology: Cells
Prokaryotic cells are usually between…
What are the features of the prokaryot…
Cell Wall
Flagella and Pili
1-10 um in diameter
cell wall, plasma membrane, flagella, pili, ribosomes, nucleoid
protects and maintains the shape of cells
joins bacteria cells in preparation for the transfer of DNA f…
Prokaryotic cells are usually between…
1-10 um in diameter
What are the features of the prokaryot…
cell wall, plasma membrane, flagella, pili, ribosomes, nucleoid
IB Biology Cell Organelles
Organelles/structure in a Eukaryotic A…
Organelles/structure in a Eukaryotic P…
Organelles/structure in a Prokaryotic…
Capsule
Flagellum, Nucleus, Nucleolus, Golgi complex, Cytoplasm, Lyso…
Nucleus, Nucleolus, Golgi complex, Cytoplasm, Ribosome, Micro…
Nucleoid, Flagellum, Cytoplasmic membrane, Ribosomes, Cell wa…
Prokaryotes. Protection and ability to interact with environm…
Organelles/structure in a Eukaryotic A…
Flagellum, Nucleus, Nucleolus, Golgi complex, Cytoplasm, Lyso…
Organelles/structure in a Eukaryotic P…
Nucleus, Nucleolus, Golgi complex, Cytoplasm, Ribosome, Micro…
30 terms
1.6 Cell Division (IB)
cell cycle
interphase
G1
S phase
the life and reproductive cycle of a cell. Consists of a grow…
the phase of the cell cycle where the cell is not undergoing…
growth phase 1: a period of growth, production of organelles,…
period during which all the DNA molecules in the cell are rep…
cell cycle
the life and reproductive cycle of a cell. Consists of a grow…
interphase
the phase of the cell cycle where the cell is not undergoing…
53 terms
IB Topic 1 Cells
State the key parts of the cell theory
Who coined the term cell and used the…
Who viewed the first living cells?
How did Pasteur enhance the cell theory?
All living things are made of cells; cells are the basic unit…
Robert Hooke in 1665 looking at cork cells
Anton van Leeuwenhoek in 1670's
In 1880's proved that no spontaneous generation - Swan Flask…
State the key parts of the cell theory
All living things are made of cells; cells are the basic unit…
Who coined the term cell and used the…
Robert Hooke in 1665 looking at cork cells
55 terms
IB Cell Biology
What is the cell theory?
Exceptions to the cell theory?
What do all cellular organisms carry o…
What are Emergent Properties
1. All living things are made of cells (or cell products)... 2.…
Striated muscle (a large cell with 100s of nuclei)... Septate fu…
Metabolism (chemical reactions that release energy for cellul…
The interaction of individual components produces new functio…
What is the cell theory?
1. All living things are made of cells (or cell products)... 2.…
Exceptions to the cell theory?
Striated muscle (a large cell with 100s of nuclei)... Septate fu…
27 terms
AP/IB Cell Organelles
Nuclear Membrane
Nuclear Pores
Chromatin
Nucleolus
Encloses the nucleus and Separates its contents from the cyto…
Around the nuclear membrane... Regulate the entry and exit of pr…
A complex of proteins and DNA
Where RNA is synthesized and proteins from the cytoplasm are…
Nuclear Membrane
Encloses the nucleus and Separates its contents from the cyto…
Nuclear Pores
Around the nuclear membrane... Regulate the entry and exit of pr…
47 terms
IB Bio Cell energy
what is cell respiration ?
what is oxidation?
Oil rig ?
What is lost/gain in the process
energy is converted to a usable form
removal of hydrogen
Oxidation Reduction... Is Is... Lost Gained
. loss or gain of e, H(proton): H consist of an electron and…
what is cell respiration ?
energy is converted to a usable form
what is oxidation?
removal of hydrogen
34 terms
1.2 Ultrastructure of cells (IB)
Prokaryote
Prokaryotic
ultrastructure
Escherichia coli (E. coli)
An organism that consists of prokaryotic cells. Examples are…
An ancient form of cell that contains no nucleus and no inter…
structure that can only be seen using an electron microscope
a species of bacteria (prokaryote) that lives in your intenst…
Prokaryote
An organism that consists of prokaryotic cells. Examples are…
Prokaryotic
An ancient form of cell that contains no nucleus and no inter…
61 terms
IB Bio Cells Test :(
2.3.1 Label and draw liver cell as an…
2.3.2 cell membrane
2.3.2 cystosol
2.3.2 nucleus
semi-permiable membrane that controls what enters and leaves…
fluid portion of the cytoplasm
contains DNA material and controls activities thru transport…
2.3.1 Label and draw liver cell as an…
2.3.2 cell membrane
semi-permiable membrane that controls what enters and leaves…
22 terms
IB Bio Prokaryotic Cell
Label a prokaryotic cell
Size of Eukaryotic cell
Size of Bacteria
Size of organelles
10-100um
1-10um
1-10um
Label a prokaryotic cell
Size of Eukaryotic cell
10-100um
101 terms
IB Bio Cells Unit
100 trillion cells
Cell Theory
Exceptions to Cell Theory
Staited Muscle Cells
(Roughly) how many cells are in a person
Says that: ... 1. All living things are made of one or more cell…
Staited muscle, Giant algae, Aseptate fungal hyphae
1. Challenge that cells are single, small units... 2. Fibers are…
100 trillion cells
(Roughly) how many cells are in a person
Cell Theory
Says that: ... 1. All living things are made of one or more cell…
33 terms
IB Biology: Cell Division
Cell theory
Pasteur Experiment
Endosymbiotic Theory
Prokaryotic
The theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
Spontaneous generations of cells and organisms does not now o…
a smaller organism that lives within another organism, the th…
Simplest cell structure without compartments or a nucleus.
Cell theory
The theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
Pasteur Experiment
Spontaneous generations of cells and organisms does not now o…
15 terms
IB Biology Topic 1.5 The origin of cells
Endosymbiotic theory
Genetic code
Louis Pasteur
Spontaneous generation
a theory that some eukaryotic organelles, such as mitochondri…
a nearly universal sequence of nucleotides in DNA that determ…
French scientist that proved, among other things, that the em…
old theory that believed in the formation of living organisms…
Endosymbiotic theory
a theory that some eukaryotic organelles, such as mitochondri…
Genetic code
a nearly universal sequence of nucleotides in DNA that determ…
55 terms
IB - Topic 1 - Cell Biology
Cell Theory
Unicellular
Multicellular
Prokaryotic
The theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
A single celled organism
Made up of more than one cell.
A small single cell lacking a nucleus or any other membrane-b…
Cell Theory
The theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
Unicellular
A single celled organism
IB Bio - Cell organelles
Nucleus
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum (rER)
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum (sER)
Golgi apparatus
Contains the chromosomes consisting of DNA associated with hi…
Consists of flattened membrane sacs, called cisternae. Riboso…
Consists of flattened membrane sacs, called cisternae. Riboso…
Consists of flattened membrane sacs, called cisternae. The ci…
Nucleus
Contains the chromosomes consisting of DNA associated with hi…
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum (rER)
Consists of flattened membrane sacs, called cisternae. Riboso…
25 terms
1.1 Introduction to cells (IB)
cell theory
cell
unicellular organism
metabolism
Living organisms are composed of cells; cells are the smalles…
the basic structural, functional and biological unit of all k…
an organism that consists of only one cell. The single cell c…
the chemical reactions inside an organism
cell theory
Living organisms are composed of cells; cells are the smalles…
cell
the basic structural, functional and biological unit of all k…
28 terms
IB Biology - Cell Theory
Cell Theory
Unicellular organism
Metabolism
Homeostasis
Idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
Organism that consists of one cell that carries all functions…
Chemical reactions inside a cell, such as cell respiration
The ability to keep conditions inside the organism within tol…
Cell Theory
Idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
Unicellular organism
Organism that consists of one cell that carries all functions…
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