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Study sets matching "ib chemistry acids bases"

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Study sets matching "ib chemistry acids bases"

16 terms
IB Chemistry - Acids and Bases
nitric acid
sulfuric acid
hydrochloric acid
carbonic acid
nitric acid
sulfuric acid
32 terms
IB Chemistry - acid and base
Acid
Base
Alkali
Bronsted-Lowry Acid
Is a substance which produces hydrogen ions H⁺ (aq) in AQUEOU…
Is a substance that can neutralise an acid
Is a base that is soluble in water
Can DONATE a proton
Acid
Is a substance which produces hydrogen ions H⁺ (aq) in AQUEOU…
Base
Is a substance that can neutralise an acid
30 terms
IB Chemistry: Acids and Bases
Bronsted-Lowry Definition
Lewis Theory
AMPHOTERIC
Bronsted-Lowry only refers to...
Acid - a proton donor... Base - a proton acceptor
Acid - an electron pair acceptor... Base - an electron pair donor
species can act as both bases and acids. E.g. H2PO4- or HCO3-
species which transfer H⁺ ion on reaction. If there is not H⁺…
Bronsted-Lowry Definition
Acid - a proton donor... Base - a proton acceptor
Lewis Theory
Acid - an electron pair acceptor... Base - an electron pair donor
51 terms
IB Chemistry Acids & Bases
Bronsted-Lowry acids donates a proton…
Conjugate Acid
Conjugate Base
Strong Acid (fully dissociated releasi…
Bronsted-Lowry Bases receive protons (hydrogen ion)
Made by adding a proton
Made by removing a proton
- HCl... - HNO3... - H2SO4
Bronsted-Lowry acids donates a proton…
Bronsted-Lowry Bases receive protons (hydrogen ion)
Conjugate Acid
Made by adding a proton
52 terms
IB Chemistry Acids and Bases
increases
14
pH
14
The value of Kw _____________ as temperature increases.
pH + pOH = ?
-log[H+]
pKa + pKb = ?
increases
The value of Kw _____________ as temperature increases.
14
pH + pOH = ?
30 terms
IB Chemistry: Acids and Bases
Bronsted-Lowry Definition
Lewis Theory
AMPHOTERIC
Bronsted-Lowry only refers to...
Acid - a proton donor... Base - a proton acceptor
Acid - an electron pair acceptor... Base - an electron pair donor
species can act as both bases and acids. E.g. H2PO4- or HCO3-
species which transfer H⁺ ion on reaction. If there is not H⁺…
Bronsted-Lowry Definition
Acid - a proton donor... Base - a proton acceptor
Lewis Theory
Acid - an electron pair acceptor... Base - an electron pair donor
82 terms
IB Chemistry - Acids and Bases
Properties of acids
Definition of acid
Properties of bases
Definition of bases
1. Usually tastes sour... 2. Turn blue litmus red... 3. Are corrosi…
Acids are soluble in water and the words ionise and dissociat…
1. Taste bitter... 2. Turn red litmus blue... 3. Feel slippery... 4. C…
Soluble bases are known as alkalis. When dissolved in water t…
Properties of acids
1. Usually tastes sour... 2. Turn blue litmus red... 3. Are corrosi…
Definition of acid
Acids are soluble in water and the words ionise and dissociat…
25 terms
IB Chemistry Acids + Bases
Define: Acids
HCl, H2SO4, HNO3 are all examples of...
Define: Bases
NaOH, LiOH, Ca(OH)2 are all examples of
Donate hydrogen ions when dissolved in water
Acids
Accept hydrogen ions when dissolved in water
bases
Define: Acids
Donate hydrogen ions when dissolved in water
HCl, H2SO4, HNO3 are all examples of...
Acids
69 terms
IB Chemistry Acids and Bases
Hydrochloric Acid (formula, strength)
Nitric Acid (formula, strength)
Sulphuric Acid (formula, strength)
phosphoric acid (formula, strength)
HCl, strong acid
HNO3, Strong acid
H2SO4, strong acid
H3PO4, weaker acid
Hydrochloric Acid (formula, strength)
HCl, strong acid
Nitric Acid (formula, strength)
HNO3, Strong acid
51 terms
IB Chemistry Acids & Bases
Bronsted-Lowry acids donates a proton…
Conjugate Acid
Conjugate Base
Strong Acid (fully dissociated releasi…
Bronsted-Lowry Bases receive protons (hydrogen ion)
Made by adding a proton
Made by removing a proton
- HCl... - HNO3... - H2SO4
Bronsted-Lowry acids donates a proton…
Bronsted-Lowry Bases receive protons (hydrogen ion)
Conjugate Acid
Made by adding a proton
91 terms
IB Chemistry - Acids & Bases
Define a Brøsted-Lowry acid and base
What is essential for a Brønsted-Lowry…
Give the general equation for an acid/…
What do acids form in neutralisation r…
- Acid = a proton (H+) donor... - Base = a proton (H+) acceptor
ACID- donating a proton cannot happen in isolations, there mu…
HA + B -><- (BH+) + (A-)... - HA acts as an acid, donating a pro…
- Acids = base... - Bases = acids
Define a Brøsted-Lowry acid and base
- Acid = a proton (H+) donor... - Base = a proton (H+) acceptor
What is essential for a Brønsted-Lowry…
ACID- donating a proton cannot happen in isolations, there mu…
52 terms
IB Chemistry Acids and Bases
increases
14
pH
14
The value of Kw _____________ as temperature increases.
pH + pOH = ?
-log[H+]
pKa + pKb = ?
increases
The value of Kw _____________ as temperature increases.
14
pH + pOH = ?
28 terms
IB Chemistry: Acids and Bases
Bronsted-Lowry Definition
Lewis Theory
AMPHOTERIC
Bronsted-Lowry only refers to...
Acid - a proton donor... Base - a proton acceptor
Acid - an electron pair acceptor... Base - an electron pair donor
species can act as both bases and acids. E.g. H2PO4- or HCO3-
species which transfer H⁺ ion on reaction. If there is not H⁺…
Bronsted-Lowry Definition
Acid - a proton donor... Base - a proton acceptor
Lewis Theory
Acid - an electron pair acceptor... Base - an electron pair donor
31 terms
IB Chemistry Acids and Bases
If PH increases:
If PH decreases:
PH3 → PH4
PH4 → PH3
H+ decreases by 10 times
H+ ions increase by 10 times
2mol/L → 0.2mol/L
2mol/L → 20mol/L
If PH increases:
H+ decreases by 10 times
If PH decreases:
H+ ions increase by 10 times
IB Chemistry Acids and Bases
increases
14
pH
14
The value of Kw _____________ as temperature increases.
pH + pOH = ?
-log[H+]
pKa + pKb = ?
increases
The value of Kw _____________ as temperature increases.
14
pH + pOH = ?
52 terms
IB Chemistry Acids and Bases
increases
14
pH
14
The value of Kw _____________ as temperature increases.
pH + pOH = ?
-log[H+]
pKa + pKb = ?
increases
The value of Kw _____________ as temperature increases.
14
pH + pOH = ?
21 terms
IB Chemistry Acids and Bases
strong acid
strong acid
strong acid
weak acid
HNO3
HClO4
H2SO4
H2CO3
strong acid
HNO3
strong acid
HClO4
12 terms
IB Chemistry: Acids and Bases
Bronsted-Lowry
Lewis
Amphoteric
Reactions to form salt
Acid: Donates H+... Base: Accepts H+
Acid: Accepts electron pair... Base: Donates electron pair
Acts as a base and an acid
1. acid + metal --> salt + hydrogen... 2. acid + base --> salt +…
Bronsted-Lowry
Acid: Donates H+... Base: Accepts H+
Lewis
Acid: Accepts electron pair... Base: Donates electron pair
30 terms
IB Chemistry: Acids and Bases
Bronsted-Lowry Definition
Lewis Theory
AMPHOTERIC
Bronsted-Lowry only refers to...
Acid - a proton donor... Base - a proton acceptor
Acid - an electron pair acceptor... Base - an electron pair donor
species can act as both bases and acids. E.g. H2PO4- or HCO3-
species which transfer H⁺ ion on reaction. If there is not H⁺…
Bronsted-Lowry Definition
Acid - a proton donor... Base - a proton acceptor
Lewis Theory
Acid - an electron pair acceptor... Base - an electron pair donor
29 terms
IB Chemistry 2016 - acids and bases
Acid
Base
Alkali
Bronsted-Lowry Acid
Is a substance which produces hydrogen ions H⁺ (aq) in AQUEOU…
Is a substance that can neutralise an acid
Is a base that is soluble in water
Can DONATE a proton
Acid
Is a substance which produces hydrogen ions H⁺ (aq) in AQUEOU…
Base
Is a substance that can neutralise an acid
31 terms
IB Chemistry: Acids and Bases
The term acid is derived from?
The term base is derived from?
According to Arrhenius' Theory of Acid…
According to Arrhenius' Theory of Acid…
Acidus
Al-Qaly
Dissociates in water to produce hydrogen ions
Dissociates in water to produce hydroxide ions
The term acid is derived from?
Acidus
The term base is derived from?
Al-Qaly
40 terms
IB Chemistry HL Acids and Bases
Define a Bronsted-Lowry acid.
Define a Bronsted-Lowry base.
Define conjugate acid.
Define conjugate base.
Substance that can donate a proton (hydrogen ion).
Substance that can accept a proton (hydrogen ion).
Species formed after base has accepted a proton.
Species remaining after acid has lost a proton.
Define a Bronsted-Lowry acid.
Substance that can donate a proton (hydrogen ion).
Define a Bronsted-Lowry base.
Substance that can accept a proton (hydrogen ion).
11 terms
Acids and Bases HL Chemistry IB
Define the Brønsted-Lowry acid and base.
Distinguish between amphoteric and amp…
What are Arrhenius Acids and Bases?
What is a conjugate acid-base pair?
A Brønsted-Lowry acid is a proton (H+) donor and a Brønsted-L…
Amphiprotic means the substance can both donate and accept a…
Traditional acid produces H+ in water, and a traditional base…
- A pair of species differing by a single proton is called a…
Define the Brønsted-Lowry acid and base.
A Brønsted-Lowry acid is a proton (H+) donor and a Brønsted-L…
Distinguish between amphoteric and amp…
Amphiprotic means the substance can both donate and accept a…
59 terms
IB Chemistry HL - Chapter 8 Acids & Bases
Strong Acids
Strong Bases
-log[H+]
-log[OH-]
HI,HBr, HClO4, HCl, HClO3, H2SO4, HNO3
NaOH, KOH, LiOH, RbOH, CsOH, Ca(OH)2, Ba(OH)2, Sr(OH)2
pH
pOH
Strong Acids
HI,HBr, HClO4, HCl, HClO3, H2SO4, HNO3
Strong Bases
NaOH, KOH, LiOH, RbOH, CsOH, Ca(OH)2, Ba(OH)2, Sr(OH)2
67 terms
IB Chemistry HL Acids and Bases
Define a bronsted-lowry acid.
Define a bronsted-lowry base.
Define conjugate acid.
Define conjugate base.
Substance that can donate a proton (hydrogen ion).
Substance that can accept a proton (hydrogen ion).
Species formed after base has accepted a proton.
Species remaining after acid has lost a proton.
Define a bronsted-lowry acid.
Substance that can donate a proton (hydrogen ion).
Define a bronsted-lowry base.
Substance that can accept a proton (hydrogen ion).
19 terms
IB Chemistry SL - Equilibrium + Acids and Bases
Dynamic Equilibrium
Le Chatelier's Principal
Equilibrium Constant
Strong Acid
Rate of forward reaction is equal to the reverse rate of reac…
If a dynamic equilibrium is disturbed by changing conditions,…
Acid which completely dissociated in water
Dynamic Equilibrium
Rate of forward reaction is equal to the reverse rate of reac…
Le Chatelier's Principal
If a dynamic equilibrium is disturbed by changing conditions,…
34 terms
ib chemistry topic 8: acids and bases
lewis acid
lewis base
bronsted-lowry acid
bronzed-lowry base
electron pair acceptor
electron pair donator
proton donor
proton acceptor
lewis acid
electron pair acceptor
lewis base
electron pair donator
43 terms
IB Chemistry Topic 8 Acids and Bases
Acid Features
Alkalis
Protons in aqueous solutions
Bases Features
Sour taste... React with bases, metals, and carbonates to form s…
bases that dissolve in water to form the hydroxide ion OH-
Can be represented as ... H+ ... H3O+
Soapy feel... react with acids to form salts ... produce hydroxide…
Acid Features
Sour taste... React with bases, metals, and carbonates to form s…
Alkalis
bases that dissolve in water to form the hydroxide ion OH-
12 terms
IB Chemistry Acids and Bases Strong and weak acids
HCl (Hydrochloric Acid)
HNO3 (Nitric Acid)
H2SO4 (Sulfuric Acid)
LiOH (Lithium Hydroxide)
Strong Acid
Strong Acid
Strong Acid
Strong Base
HCl (Hydrochloric Acid)
Strong Acid
HNO3 (Nitric Acid)
Strong Acid
20 terms
IB Chemistry topic 8: Acids and bases
Arrhenius Acid
Brønstedt- Lowry acid
Arrhenius base
Brønstedt- Lowry base
A substance that ionizes in water to produce hydrogen ions, H+.
A proton donor.
A substance that produces hydroxide ions OH-
A proton acceptor
Arrhenius Acid
A substance that ionizes in water to produce hydrogen ions, H+.
Brønstedt- Lowry acid
A proton donor.
67 terms
IB Chemistry HL 8 and 18 Acids and Bases
Define a bronsted-lowry acid.
Define a bronsted-lowry base.
Define conjugate acid.
Define conjugate base.
Substance that can donate a proton (hydrogen ion).
Substance that can accept a proton (hydrogen ion).
Species formed after base has accepted a proton.
Species remaining after acid has lost a proton.
Define a bronsted-lowry acid.
Substance that can donate a proton (hydrogen ion).
Define a bronsted-lowry base.
Substance that can accept a proton (hydrogen ion).
24 terms
ib chemistry topic 8: acids and bases
lewis acid
lewis base
bronsted-lowry acid
bronzed-lowry base
electron pair acceptor
electron pair donator
proton donor
proton acceptor
lewis acid
electron pair acceptor
lewis base
electron pair donator
20 terms
IB Chemistry Topic 8: Acids and Bases
what is an ionic acid?
what is an ionic base?
what is an ionic alkali?
what is a bronsted lowry acid?
an acid is the oxide of a non-metal combined with water, it p…
a substance that can neutralize an acid
a base that is soluble in water
a substance that can donate a proton
what is an ionic acid?
an acid is the oxide of a non-metal combined with water, it p…
what is an ionic base?
a substance that can neutralize an acid
18 terms
IB Chemistry HL Summer - Acids and Bases
Nitric Acid
Sulfuric Acid
Oxyacids of Hydrogen
Hydrogen halides
HNO3, Strong Acid
H2SO4, Strong Acid
HClO3, HClO4, HBrO3, HBrO4,HIO3, HIO4, Strong Acids
HCl, HBr, HI (stronger down group) Strong Acids
Nitric Acid
HNO3, Strong Acid
Sulfuric Acid
H2SO4, Strong Acid
11 terms
IB Chemistry - Strong and Weak Acids and Bases
Sulphuric Acid H₂SO₄
Hydrochloric Acid HCl
Nitric Acid HNO₃
Ethanoic Acid CH₃COOH
Strong Acid
Strong Acid
Strong Acid
Weak Acid
Sulphuric Acid H₂SO₄
Strong Acid
Hydrochloric Acid HCl
Strong Acid
8 terms
IB Chemistry, Chapter 8: Acids and Bases
Bronsted-Lowry acid
Bronsted-Lowry base
Lewis acid
Lewis base
substance whose molecules or ions can gain H⁺
substance whose molecules or ions can gain H⁺
a species that accepts a pair of electrons to form a dative b…
a substance that donates an electron pair to form the bond to…
Bronsted-Lowry acid
substance whose molecules or ions can gain H⁺
Bronsted-Lowry base
substance whose molecules or ions can gain H⁺
30 terms
IB Chemistry: Acids and Bases (8-18)
Bronsted-Lowry Definition
Lewis Theory
AMPHOTERIC
Bronsted-Lowry only refers to...
Acid - a proton donor... Base - a proton acceptor
Acid - an electron pair acceptor... Base - an electron pair donor
species can act as both bases and acids. E.g. H2PO4- or HCO3-
species which transfer H⁺ ion on reaction. If there is not H⁺…
Bronsted-Lowry Definition
Acid - a proton donor... Base - a proton acceptor
Lewis Theory
Acid - an electron pair acceptor... Base - an electron pair donor
19 terms
IB Chemistry Topic 8 - Acids and Bases
Amphoteric
Brønsted-Lowry
Buffer
Concentrated
Can have the properties of both a base and an acid, depending…
An acid is defined as a proton donator, while a base is a pro…
A solution that resists changes in pH when small amounts of a…
High number of moles of solute per volume of solution.
Amphoteric
Can have the properties of both a base and an acid, depending…
Brønsted-Lowry
An acid is defined as a proton donator, while a base is a pro…
30 terms
IB Chemistry: Acids and Bases (8-18)
Bronsted-Lowry Definition
Lewis Theory
AMPHOTERIC
Bronsted-Lowry only refers to...
Acid - a proton donor... Base - a proton acceptor
Acid - an electron pair acceptor... Base - an electron pair donor
species can act as both bases and acids. E.g. H2PO4- or HCO3-
species which transfer H⁺ ion on reaction. If there is not H⁺…
Bronsted-Lowry Definition
Acid - a proton donor... Base - a proton acceptor
Lewis Theory
Acid - an electron pair acceptor... Base - an electron pair donor
67 terms
IB Chemistry HL 8 and 18 Acids and Bases
Define a bronsted-lowry acid.
Define a bronsted-lowry base.
Define conjugate acid.
Define conjugate base.
Substance that can donate a proton (hydrogen ion).
Substance that can accept a proton (hydrogen ion).
Species formed after base has accepted a proton.
Species remaining after acid has lost a proton.
Define a bronsted-lowry acid.
Substance that can donate a proton (hydrogen ion).
Define a bronsted-lowry base.
Substance that can accept a proton (hydrogen ion).
12 terms
IB Chemistry SL - Acids and Bases Review
Why can ammonia act as a Lewis base?
Which is not a conjugate acid-base pai…
The pH of a solution changes from pH=2…
A student has an equal volume of 1.0 M…
It can donate a lone pair of electrons.
H3O(+) and OH(-)
It decreases by a factor of 1000.
Sodium Hydroxide
Why can ammonia act as a Lewis base?
It can donate a lone pair of electrons.
Which is not a conjugate acid-base pai…
H3O(+) and OH(-)
67 terms
IB Chemistry HL 8 and 18 Acids and Bases
Define a bronsted-lowry acid.
Define a bronsted-lowry base.
Define conjugate acid.
Define conjugate base.
Substance that can donate a proton (hydrogen ion).
Substance that can accept a proton (hydrogen ion).
Species formed after base has accepted a proton.
Species remaining after acid has lost a proton.
Define a bronsted-lowry acid.
Substance that can donate a proton (hydrogen ion).
Define a bronsted-lowry base.
Substance that can accept a proton (hydrogen ion).
12 terms
IB Chemistry 2 Acids and Bases Review
Hydrochloric Acid
Hydrobromic Acid
Hydroiodic Acid
Nitric Acid
HCL
HBr
HI
HNO3
Hydrochloric Acid
HCL
Hydrobromic Acid
HBr
23 terms
IB chemistry topic 8: acids and bases
Bronsted-Lowry acid theory
Bronsted-Lowry base theory
Acid base conjugate pairs
Amphiprotic
a substance that behaves as a acid when it donates a proton (…
a substance that behaves as a base when it accepts a proton f…
two species which differ by a single proton (H+)
A chemical species capable of accepting and donating protons,…
Bronsted-Lowry acid theory
a substance that behaves as a acid when it donates a proton (…
Bronsted-Lowry base theory
a substance that behaves as a base when it accepts a proton f…
67 terms
IB Chemistry HL 8 and 18 Acids and Bases
Define a bronsted-lowry acid.
Define a bronsted-lowry base.
Define conjugate acid.
Define conjugate base.
Substance that can donate a proton (hydrogen ion).
Substance that can accept a proton (hydrogen ion).
Species formed after base has accepted a proton.
Species remaining after acid has lost a proton.
Define a bronsted-lowry acid.
Substance that can donate a proton (hydrogen ion).
Define a bronsted-lowry base.
Substance that can accept a proton (hydrogen ion).
67 terms
IB Chemistry HL 8 and 18 Acids and Bases
Define a bronsted-lowry acid.
Define a bronsted-lowry base.
Define conjugate acid.
Define conjugate base.
Substance that can donate a proton (hydrogen ion).
Substance that can accept a proton (hydrogen ion).
Species formed after base has accepted a proton.
Species remaining after acid has lost a proton.
Define a bronsted-lowry acid.
Substance that can donate a proton (hydrogen ion).
Define a bronsted-lowry base.
Substance that can accept a proton (hydrogen ion).
42 terms
IB Chemistry Topic 8: Acids and Bases SL+HL
Acid rain
Acidic solution
Alkali
Alkaline solution
Rain with pH < 5
A solution with pH < 7 at 25C
A base that dissolves in water
A solution with pH >7 at 25C
Acid rain
Rain with pH < 5
Acidic solution
A solution with pH < 7 at 25C
13 terms
IB Chem Acids/Bases
B-L Base
B-L Acid
Lewis Base
Lewis Acid
H+ (Proton) Acceptor
H+ (Proton) Donor
e- pair Donor
e- pair Acceptor
B-L Base
H+ (Proton) Acceptor
B-L Acid
H+ (Proton) Donor
8 terms
IB SL Acids & Bases
HNO3
reaction between metals and acids
group I hydroxides
reaction between and carbonates
nitric acid (strong)
hydrogen gas and salt form
all strong bases (along with barium hydroxide)
water, carbon dioxide gas and salt
HNO3
nitric acid (strong)
reaction between metals and acids
hydrogen gas and salt form
39 terms
IB Chem - Acids and Bases
Bronstead-Lowry = theory of...
Bronstead-Lowry acids
Bronstead-Lowry bases
why is H+ considered a proton?
proton transfer
proton (H+) donor
proton (H+) acceptor
when H atoms ionize, they lose their only electron meaning th…
Bronstead-Lowry = theory of...
proton transfer
Bronstead-Lowry acids
proton (H+) donor
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