Study sets matching "ib geography"

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Study sets matching "ib geography"

192 terms
IB Geography
Ravenstein's Laws of Migration
Life Expectancy
patterns
pull factors
1. Majority migrants move short distance. They might move lar…
average lifespan for newborn babies when they are born
changes over space
things pulling you towards the new region/country
Ravenstein's Laws of Migration
1. Majority migrants move short distance. They might move lar…
Life Expectancy
average lifespan for newborn babies when they are born
91 terms
IB Geography - Populations in Transition
Ageing Ratio
Ageing Population
Age Specific Birth Rate
Age Specific Death Rate
proportion of people aged 65 compared to total populations
when a population have a very high number of people who are o…
the number of births per 1000 of a population for a specific…
the number of deaths per 1000 of a population per year of a s…
Ageing Ratio
proportion of people aged 65 compared to total populations
Ageing Population
when a population have a very high number of people who are o…
56 terms
IB Geography: Development
GNI
GNP
GDP
Remittances
Gross National Income The total value of goods and services p…
Gross National Product the total value of all goods and servi…
Gross Domestic Product the total value of goods and services…
Transfer of money and or goods by foreign workers to their ho…
GNI
Gross National Income The total value of goods and services p…
GNP
Gross National Product the total value of all goods and servi…
176 terms
Geography IB
Leisure
Sport
Tourism
Recreation
Any freely chosen activity or experience that takes place in…
A physical activity involving a set of rules or customs. The…
Travel away from home for at least one night for the purpose…
A leisure time activity undertaken voluntarily and for enjoym…
Leisure
Any freely chosen activity or experience that takes place in…
Sport
A physical activity involving a set of rules or customs. The…
Geography (IB)
Urban Growth
Urbanisation
Centrapetal
Centrafugal
The increase in the total number of urban dwellers
The increase in total number of urban dwellers relative to th…
forces to bring together (Gentrification/ Urban Renewal)
forces to push apart (Counter-Urbanisation)
Urban Growth
The increase in the total number of urban dwellers
Urbanisation
The increase in total number of urban dwellers relative to th…
57 terms
IB Geography: Patterns in resource consumption
Ecological footprint
Carrying capacity
Reserves
Resources
The theoretical measurement of the amount of land and water a…
The number of people that can be supported by a given ecosyst…
Resources that are accessible and usable
Anything useful to humans such as soil, oil, water and minera…
Ecological footprint
The theoretical measurement of the amount of land and water a…
Carrying capacity
The number of people that can be supported by a given ecosyst…
IB Geography - Key Definitions
Core and Periphery
Ecological footprint
Global Climate Change
GNI
The concept of a developed core surrounded by an underdevelop…
The theoretical measurement of the amount of land and water a…
The changes in global patterns of rainfall and temperature, s…
The total value of goods and services produced within a count…
Core and Periphery
The concept of a developed core surrounded by an underdevelop…
Ecological footprint
The theoretical measurement of the amount of land and water a…
IB Geography
Define Ecological Footprint
How to calculate ecological footprints?
Average eco footprint 2007
Biocapacity
The ecological footprint is a theoretical measurement of how…
- Arable land (growing crops)... - Pasture land (meat etc animal…
1.8 global hectares per capita
Biocapacity is the capacity of an area to provide resources a…
Define Ecological Footprint
The ecological footprint is a theoretical measurement of how…
How to calculate ecological footprints?
- Arable land (growing crops)... - Pasture land (meat etc animal…
17 terms
IB Geography
Population Structure
Child mortality rate
General fertility rate
Natural increase
Any measurable characteristic of the population.
Number of deaths in children under the age of 5 per 1000 chil…
Number of births per 1000 women aged 15-49.
Increase or decrease in total population in 1 year, subtract…
Population Structure
Any measurable characteristic of the population.
Child mortality rate
Number of deaths in children under the age of 5 per 1000 chil…
91 terms
IB Geography - Populations in Transition
Ageing Ratio
Ageing Population
Age Specific Birth Rate
Age Specific Death Rate
proportion of people aged 65 compared to total populations
when a population have a very high number of people who are o…
the number of births per 1000 of a population for a specific…
the number of deaths per 1000 of a population per year of a s…
Ageing Ratio
proportion of people aged 65 compared to total populations
Ageing Population
when a population have a very high number of people who are o…
24 terms
IB Geography command terms
Analyse
Annotate
Classify
Compare
break down in order to bring out the essential elements or st…
add brief notes to a diagram or graph
arrange or order by class or categories
give an account of the similarities between two (or more) ite…
Analyse
break down in order to bring out the essential elements or st…
Annotate
add brief notes to a diagram or graph
20 terms
IB Geography Population Changes
Crude birth rates (CBR)
Crude death rates (CDR)
Annual Growth Rate
Population Distribution
The number of births per 1,000 of population within a country.
The number of death per 1,000 of population within a country.
This is normally expressed as a percentage and is calculated…
The way the population is spread out.
Crude birth rates (CBR)
The number of births per 1,000 of population within a country.
Crude death rates (CDR)
The number of death per 1,000 of population within a country.
25 terms
IB Geography Command Terms
Analysing Graphs
Analyse
Annotate
Classify
Note trends, note & explain anomalies, make sure you note the…
Break down in order to bring out the essential elements or st…
Add brief notes to a diagram or graph.
Arrange or order by class or categories.
Analysing Graphs
Note trends, note & explain anomalies, make sure you note the…
Analyse
Break down in order to bring out the essential elements or st…
28 terms
Geography IB - Sport, leisure & tourism
Leisure
Sport
Tourism
Recreation
Any freely chosen activity or experience that takes place in…
A physical activity involving a set of rules or customs. The…
Travel away from home for at least one night for the purpose…
A leisure time activity undertaken voluntarily and for enjoym…
Leisure
Any freely chosen activity or experience that takes place in…
Sport
A physical activity involving a set of rules or customs. The…
16 terms
IB Geography - Measuring Global Interactions
Economic Globalization
Political Globalization
Social Globalization
Explain the 3 Aspects of Social Global…
Long distance flows of goods, capital and Services... Taking in…
-Diffusion of government policies... -Number of embassies, numbe…
The spread of ideas, information, images and people
-Personal Contacts- telecom traffic, tourism, workers transfe…
Economic Globalization
Long distance flows of goods, capital and Services... Taking in…
Political Globalization
-Diffusion of government policies... -Number of embassies, numbe…
25 terms
IB Geography Command Terms
Analysing Graphs
Analyse
Annotate
Classify
Point out trends, point out & explain differences, make sure…
Break down in order to bring out the important details or str…
Add brief notes to a diagram or graph.
Arrange or order by class or categories.
Analysing Graphs
Point out trends, point out & explain differences, make sure…
Analyse
Break down in order to bring out the important details or str…
156 terms
Geography IB
Crude birth rates (CBR)
Crude death rates (CDR)
Population distribution
Population density
The number of births per 1,000 of population within a country.
The number of death per 1,000 of population within a country.
The way the population is spread out. Population may be distr…
The number of people living per km2. Countries like Singapore…
Crude birth rates (CBR)
The number of births per 1,000 of population within a country.
Crude death rates (CDR)
The number of death per 1,000 of population within a country.
176 terms
Geography IB
Leisure
Sport
Tourism
Recreation
Any freely chosen activity or experience that takes place in…
A physical activity involving a set of rules or customs. The…
Travel away from home for at least one night for the purpose…
A leisure time activity undertaken voluntarily and for enjoym…
Leisure
Any freely chosen activity or experience that takes place in…
Sport
A physical activity involving a set of rules or customs. The…
IB Geography Midterm
Demography
Population Distribution
Population Density
Vital Registration
the study of statistics such as births, deaths, income, or th…
the arrangement or spread of people living in a given area; a…
the number of people living per unit of an area (e.g. per squ…
statistics on live births, deaths, fetal deaths, marriages an…
Demography
the study of statistics such as births, deaths, income, or th…
Population Distribution
the arrangement or spread of people living in a given area; a…
79 terms
IB Geography - Populations in Transition G
Ageing Ratio
Ageing Population
Age Specific Birth Rate
Age Specific Death Rate
proportion of people aged 65 compared to total populations
when a population have a very high number of people who are o…
the number of births per 1000 of a population for a specific…
the number of deaths per 1000 of a population per year of a s…
Ageing Ratio
proportion of people aged 65 compared to total populations
Ageing Population
when a population have a very high number of people who are o…
84 terms
IB Geography - Populations in Transition
Ageing Ratio
Ageing Population
Age Specific Birth Rate
Age Specific Death Rate
Proportion of people aged 65 compared to the total population
When a population has a very high number of people who are ov…
The number of births per 1000 of a population for a specific…
The number of deaths per 1000 of a population per year of a s…
Ageing Ratio
Proportion of people aged 65 compared to the total population
Ageing Population
When a population has a very high number of people who are ov…
60 terms
IB Geography Hazards and Disasters
Areal Extent
Disaster
Duration
Frequency
The size of an area covered by a hazard (small in avalanche c…
A major hazard causing widespread disruption to an area that…
The length of time a hazard event exists for (seconds - earth…
How often a hazard event of a particular size occurs (smaller…
Areal Extent
The size of an area covered by a hazard (small in avalanche c…
Disaster
A major hazard causing widespread disruption to an area that…
Geography IB - Population in transition
Birth Rate
Death Rate
Crude Birth Rate
Crude Death Rate
Average number of births per 1000 in a year in a population
Average number of deaths per 1000 in a year in a population
An estimation of the number of live births per 1000 per year.
An estimation of the number of deaths per 1000 per year
Birth Rate
Average number of births per 1000 in a year in a population
Death Rate
Average number of deaths per 1000 in a year in a population
IB Geography
GNI
Core and periphery
Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM)
Human Development Index (HDI)
Gross National Income- The total value of goods and services…
the concept of a developed core surrounded by an undeveloped…
Compares the ability of women and men to participate in econo…
A composite measure of development. It includes three basic c…
GNI
Gross National Income- The total value of goods and services…
Core and periphery
the concept of a developed core surrounded by an undeveloped…
IB Geography
Crude Birth Rate(CBR)
Crude Death rate... (CDR)
Population momentum factor... (PMF)
MEDC
Number of live births in an area per every 1000 people
Total number of deaths in an area per 1000 people
Multiply Crude birth rate times Life expectancy at birth
More economically developed countries
Crude Birth Rate(CBR)
Number of live births in an area per every 1000 people
Crude Death rate... (CDR)
Total number of deaths in an area per 1000 people
45 terms
IB Geography
Factors causing high death rate (6)
Factors causing low death rate (6)
Factors causing high birth rate (8)
Factors causing high death rate (9)
1)War... 2)Natural disasters like earthquakes, volcanoes, drough…
1)Improved medical care... 2)Immunisation programmes e.g. Small…
1)Primary based economy where children are needed to work on…
1)Availability and affordability of contraception... 2)Education…
Factors causing high death rate (6)
1)War... 2)Natural disasters like earthquakes, volcanoes, drough…
Factors causing low death rate (6)
1)Improved medical care... 2)Immunisation programmes e.g. Small…
ib geography
aging population
anti- Natalist policy
birth rate
carrying capacity
a rise in the median age of the population which occurs when…
a population policy that is designed to limit fertility throu…
the number of live births per 1000 births per year
the largest population that the resources of a given environm…
aging population
a rise in the median age of the population which occurs when…
anti- Natalist policy
a population policy that is designed to limit fertility throu…
14 terms
IB Geography
Annual growth rate
Crude birth rate
General fertility rate
Age-specific birth rate
Found by subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birt…
The number of births per 1000 people in a population
The number of births per 1000 women aged 15-49 years
The number of births per 1000 women of any specified year gro…
Annual growth rate
Found by subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birt…
Crude birth rate
The number of births per 1000 people in a population
34 terms
IB Geography
GDP
MEDC
LEDC
NIC
Gross domestic product.
A developed country, where the tertiary sector is probably th…
A poorer country where the most important sector of the econo…
A developing country where the most important sector of the e…
GDP
Gross domestic product.
MEDC
A developed country, where the tertiary sector is probably th…
12 terms
IB Geography Periglacial environments
Continuous permafrost
Discontinuous permafrost
Sporadic permafrost
Active layer
-5 to -50 degrees C
-1.5 to -5 degrees C
0 to -1.5 degrees C
highly mobile layer that causes intense mass movements ... thick…
Continuous permafrost
-5 to -50 degrees C
Discontinuous permafrost
-1.5 to -5 degrees C
25 terms
IB Geography Command Terms
Analysing Graphs
Analyse
Annotate
Classify
Point out trends, point out & explain differences, make sure…
Break down in order to bring out the important details or str…
Add brief notes to a diagram or graph.
Arrange or order by class or categories.
Analysing Graphs
Point out trends, point out & explain differences, make sure…
Analyse
Break down in order to bring out the important details or str…
23 terms
IB Geography
Birth Rate
Death Rate
Life Expectancy
Infant Mortality Rate
"The number of births per 1000 people per year (Kenya - 33/10…
"The number of deaths per 1000 people per year (Kenya - 10/10…
"The measure of the average number of years a person is expec…
"The annual number of deaths of infants under the age of one…
Birth Rate
"The number of births per 1000 people per year (Kenya - 33/10…
Death Rate
"The number of deaths per 1000 people per year (Kenya - 10/10…
27 terms
IB Geography: Periglacial Environments
Permafrost
Continuous Permafrost
Discontinuous Permafrost
Sporadic Permfrost
Permanently frozen ground where soil temperature is less than…
Annual temperature of -3 to -50°C. Depth of up to 700m in Nor…
Further south. Mean annual temperature between -1.5 to -5°C.…
Where temperaturre rise above freezing in summer. Mean annual…
Permafrost
Permanently frozen ground where soil temperature is less than…
Continuous Permafrost
Annual temperature of -3 to -50°C. Depth of up to 700m in Nor…
IB Geography Core 1: Populations In Transition
Theories
Exponential Growth
Reasons for Population Explosion
Annual growth rate
Malthus predicted in 1798 that as population increased expone…
an increasing or accelerating rate of growth
- Lack of contraception... - Lack of education... - Religion... - Acce…
found by subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birt…
Theories
Malthus predicted in 1798 that as population increased expone…
Exponential Growth
an increasing or accelerating rate of growth
90 terms
IB Geography - Populations in Transition
Ageing Ratio
Ageing Population
Age Specific Birth Rate
Age Specific Death Rate
proportion of people aged 65 compared to total populations
when a population have a very high number of people who are o…
the number of births per 1000 of a population for a specific…
the number of deaths per 1000 of a population per year of a s…
Ageing Ratio
proportion of people aged 65 compared to total populations
Ageing Population
when a population have a very high number of people who are o…
74 terms
IB Geography - Populations in Transition
Ageing Ratio
Ageing Population
Annual Growth Rate
Anti-Natalist Policy
proportion of people aged 65 compared to total populations
when a population have a very high number of people who are o…
expressed as a percentage, calculated by subtracting the Crud…
a policy that tries to reduce birth rates
Ageing Ratio
proportion of people aged 65 compared to total populations
Ageing Population
when a population have a very high number of people who are o…
56 terms
IB Geography: Development
GNI
GNP
GDP
Remittances
Gross National Income The total value of goods and services p…
Gross National Product the total value of all goods and servi…
Gross Domestic Product the total value of goods and services…
Transfer of money and or goods by foreign workers to their ho…
GNI
Gross National Income The total value of goods and services p…
GNP
Gross National Product the total value of all goods and servi…
IB Geography Urban Envrionments
Brownfield Site
Chain Migration
Circular Migration
Conurbation
Abandoned or underused industrial building which has the pote…
Moving from one area to another in steps. From one village to…
Migrants who repeatedly return home from cities.
The process where towns and villages outside a city merge in…
Brownfield Site
Abandoned or underused industrial building which has the pote…
Chain Migration
Moving from one area to another in steps. From one village to…
11 terms
IB Geography: Earthquakes
Seismology
Crust
Mohorovic Discontinuity (Moho)
Asthenosphere
"Study of vibration"... Way of measuring earthquakes.... Predicting…
a) Oceanic Crust (Sima)-consists mainly of basalt, 6-10km in…
Separates crust from upper mantle.
upper part of mantle, rigid top layer, remainder is in semi-m…
Seismology
"Study of vibration"... Way of measuring earthquakes.... Predicting…
Crust
a) Oceanic Crust (Sima)-consists mainly of basalt, 6-10km in…
62 terms
IB Geography: Patterns in resource consumption
Ecological Footprint
Carrying Capacity
Reserves
Resources
the theoretical measurement of the amount of land and water a…
the concept of a population ceiling, first suggested by Malth…
resources that are accessible and usable
anything useful to humans such as soil, oil, water and minerals
Ecological Footprint
the theoretical measurement of the amount of land and water a…
Carrying Capacity
the concept of a population ceiling, first suggested by Malth…
8 terms
IB Geography Unit 1 - Lesson 20
Dependency Theory
Dependency Theory Diagram
Proof of the Dependency Theory
Life Expectancy
- The development of the rich developed world (core) was achi…
- Since when it was theorized in 1966 evidence for the depend…
- The world's life expectancy has improved by 25 years over t…
Dependency Theory
- The development of the rich developed world (core) was achi…
Dependency Theory Diagram
20 terms
IB Geography - HL Extension: Globalisation BM
Adapt
Adopt
A.T. Kearney Index
A.T. Kearney - Most & Least Globalised…
When an aspect of a culture is adapted in some way, usually s…
To take on a new cultural aspect in its entirety, maybe aband…
Measures the globalisation level of 62 countries. Has 4 crite…
Most: Singapore, Switzerland, USA, Ireland, Denmark.... Least: I…
Adapt
When an aspect of a culture is adapted in some way, usually s…
Adopt
To take on a new cultural aspect in its entirety, maybe aband…
68 terms
IB Geography Core 1: Populations In Transition
Theories
Exponential Growth
Reasons for Population Explosion
Annual growth rate
Malthus predicted in 1798 that as population increased expone…
an increasing or accelerating rate of growth
- Lack of contraception... - Lack of education... - Religion... - Acce…
found by subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birt…
Theories
Malthus predicted in 1798 that as population increased expone…
Exponential Growth
an increasing or accelerating rate of growth
90 terms
IB Geography - Populations in Transition
older dependancy ratio
Ageing Population
Age Specific Birth Rate
Age Specific Death Rate
total number of old dependents per 100 people in a population
when a population have a very high number of people who are o…
the number of births per 1000 of a population for a specific…
the number of deaths per 1000 of a population per year of a s…
older dependancy ratio
total number of old dependents per 100 people in a population
Ageing Population
when a population have a very high number of people who are o…
39 terms
IB Geography HL; Global Interactions
Globalisation
Transnational corporation (TNC)
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
Newly industrialised countries (NICs)
the growing interdependence of countries worldwide through th…
a firm that owns or controls productive operations in more th…
overseas investments in physical capital by transnational cor…
nations that have undergone rapid and successful industrialis…
Globalisation
the growing interdependence of countries worldwide through th…
Transnational corporation (TNC)
a firm that owns or controls productive operations in more th…
20 terms
IB Geography: Glacial Landforms
Glacial Erosion
Plucking
Abrasion
Meltwater
Sliding erodes the rock surface underlying a glacier.
Erosive process of particle detachment by moving glacial ice.…
Physical wearing and grinding of a surface through friction a…
Water produced from the melting of snow and/or glacial ice.
Glacial Erosion
Sliding erodes the rock surface underlying a glacier.
Plucking
Erosive process of particle detachment by moving glacial ice.…
IB Physical Geography
Soil profile
Parent material
Leaching
Weathering
The layers of soil and rock
The minerals from which the soil is made
Removal of materials from soil by water
Rock breaking down into smaller particles
Soil profile
The layers of soil and rock
Parent material
The minerals from which the soil is made
IB Geography - Populations in Transition
Ageing Ratio
Ageing Population
Age Specific Birth Rate
Age Specific Death Rate
proportion of people aged 65 compared to total populations
when a population have a very high number of people who are o…
the number of births per 1000 of a population for a specific…
the number of deaths per 1000 of a population per year of a s…
Ageing Ratio
proportion of people aged 65 compared to total populations
Ageing Population
when a population have a very high number of people who are o…
IB Geography: Populations in Transition
Define Exponential Growth
State a reason for why the gloabl popu…
State an epidemic that has also caused…
Define Annual Growth rate
an increasing or accelerating growth
This is primarily because of the decline in fertility rates W…
Another factor in the global population decline is the AIDS e…
Found by subtracting the crude death rate(per 1000), from the…
Define Exponential Growth
an increasing or accelerating growth
State a reason for why the gloabl popu…
This is primarily because of the decline in fertility rates W…
82 terms
IB Geography: Global Interactions
Globalization
Capitalism
Anti-capitalism
Transnational corporations (TNCs)
the growing interdependence of countries worldwide through in…
the social and economic system which relies on the market mec…
a broad term which can cover any challenge to capitalism as t…
a firm that owns or controls productive operations in more th…
Globalization
the growing interdependence of countries worldwide through in…
Capitalism
the social and economic system which relies on the market mec…
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