Study sets matching "ib physics"

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Study sets matching "ib physics"

IB Physics Vocabulary Flashcards
1- Fundamental Units
1- Derived Units
1- Accuracy
1- Precision
seven basic units of the SI measurement system: kilogram, sec…
units that are combinations of fundamental units. These combi…
An indication of how close a measurement is to the accepted v…
An indication of the agreement among a number of measurements…
1- Fundamental Units
seven basic units of the SI measurement system: kilogram, sec…
1- Derived Units
units that are combinations of fundamental units. These combi…
167 terms
IB Physics SL Vocabulary
1- Fundamental Units
1- Derived Units
1- Accuracy
1- Precision
seven basic units of the SI measurement system: kilogram, sec…
units that are combinations of fundamental units. These combi…
An indication of how close a measurement is to the accepted v…
An indication of the agreement among a number of measurements…
1- Fundamental Units
seven basic units of the SI measurement system: kilogram, sec…
1- Derived Units
units that are combinations of fundamental units. These combi…
21 terms
IB Physics Topic 5
Equation relating the current, charge…
Equations relating voltage, current an…
Equation relating resistance, resistiv…
Equation relating power, current and v…
Equation relating the current, charge…
Equations relating voltage, current an…
30 terms
IB Physics Topic 2
Newton's second law equation
Newton's 3rd Law
Translation
Rotation
F = m * A
When a force acts on a body an equal and opposite force acts…
The motion of an object when it's center of mass moves to a n…
The motion of an object the object spins on it's own center o…
Newton's second law equation
F = m * A
Newton's 3rd Law
When a force acts on a body an equal and opposite force acts…
68 terms
IB Physics HL Definitions
Displacement
Velocity
Speed
Acceleration
Position of an object relative to its starting position.
Rate of change of displacement.
Rate of change of distance.
Rate of change of velocity.
Displacement
Position of an object relative to its starting position.
Velocity
Rate of change of displacement.
165 terms
IB Physics SL
What are the S.I. fundamental units?
PRECISION
ACCURACY
PROPORTIONAL
kilogram, metre, second, ampere, mole, Kelvin
the closeness of all the results agreeing with one another
how close the results appear to be to the true or accepted va…
When two quantities plotted on a graph produce a straight lin…
What are the S.I. fundamental units?
kilogram, metre, second, ampere, mole, Kelvin
PRECISION
the closeness of all the results agreeing with one another
128 terms
IB Physics
Superposition
Polariser
Reflection
Refraction
When two or more waves of the same type arrive at a given poi…
A sheet of material with a molecular structure that only allo…
The angle of incidence i (angle between the ray and the norma…
The travel of light from one medium into another where it has…
Superposition
When two or more waves of the same type arrive at a given poi…
Polariser
A sheet of material with a molecular structure that only allo…
48 terms
IB Physics
Fundamental units
Distance
Displacement
Acceleration
Kelvin, meters, second, kilogram, mole, ampere
Total path length
Difference in position
Rate of change of velocity
Fundamental units
Kelvin, meters, second, kilogram, mole, ampere
Distance
Total path length
156 terms
IB Physics Laws and definitions
PRECISION
What are the S.I. fundamental units?
ACCURACY
PROPORTIONAL
the closeness of all the results agreeing with one another
kilogram, metre, second, ampere, mole, Kelvin
how close the results appear to be to the true or accepted va…
When two quantities plotted on a graph produce a straight lin…
PRECISION
the closeness of all the results agreeing with one another
What are the S.I. fundamental units?
kilogram, metre, second, ampere, mole, Kelvin
20 terms
IB Physics: Topic 7 - Atomic & Nuclear Physics
State the equation relating energy, ma…
Define nuclear binding energy
Define Unified mass unit
Define mass defect
The energy required to assemble / separate a nucleus from its…
1/12th the mass of a carbon-12 nucleus
Difference between mass of nucleus... and total mass of separate…
State the equation relating energy, ma…
Define nuclear binding energy
The energy required to assemble / separate a nucleus from its…
153 terms
IB Physics Definitions HL
Vector
Scalar
Force
Newton's I Law
Quantities with magnitude & direction
Quantities with just magnitude
A push or a pull (Tension, Normal, Gravitational Force, Frict…
A body will remain at rest or moving with constant velocity u…
Vector
Quantities with magnitude & direction
Scalar
Quantities with just magnitude
32 terms
IB Physics Topic 8
Degraded Energy
Efficiency
Energy Density
Non-Renewable Energy Sources
In any process that involves energy transformations, the ener…
Approximate overall energy efficiencies for different types o…
Energy density is defined as the energy liberated per unit ma…
Those energy sources that can be used up and eventually run out
Degraded Energy
In any process that involves energy transformations, the ener…
Efficiency
Approximate overall energy efficiencies for different types o…
17 terms
DCB IB Physics Topic 3
Equation relating thermal energy, mass…
Equation relating thermal energy, mass…
Equation relating pressure, force and…
Define specific heat capacity
the energy required to change the temperature (of a substance…
Equation relating thermal energy, mass…
Equation relating thermal energy, mass…
29 terms
DCB IB Physics Topic 6
The equation relating force, mass and…
The equation relating force, charge an…
The equation relating gravitational fi…
The equation relating electric field s…
The equation relating force, mass and…
The equation relating force, charge an…
34 terms
DCB IB Physics Topic 4
Equation relating angular frequency an…
Equations describing the change in the…
Equation relating the velocity of a SH…
Equation describing the kinetic energy…
Equation relating angular frequency an…
Equations describing the change in the…
258 terms
IB HL Physics
absolute uncertainty
absolute zero
absorption spectra
acceleration of free fall
a quantity giving the extremes a measured value falls within
the temperature at which all random motion of molecules stops
the set of wavelengths of photons absorbed by a substance
the acceleration due to the pull of the Earth on a body
absolute uncertainty
a quantity giving the extremes a measured value falls within
absolute zero
the temperature at which all random motion of molecules stops
34 terms
DCB IB Physics Topic 2
Equation of motion relating displaceme…
Equation of motion relating displaceme…
Equation of motion relating initial an…
Equation of motion relating initial an…
Equation of motion relating displaceme…
Equation of motion relating displaceme…
17 terms
IB Physics - Circuit Symbols
switch
cell
ac supply
voltmeter
switch
cell
IB Physics Exam Definitions
Uncertainty
Systematic Error
Random Error
Accuracy
A bias or flaw in perception when using a measurement instrum…
Errors that consistently throw measurements off in the same w…
Errors that affect the reading at random
Hitting the center or expected spot, when systematic error is…
Uncertainty
A bias or flaw in perception when using a measurement instrum…
Systematic Error
Errors that consistently throw measurements off in the same w…
8 terms
IB Physics: Topic 1
Order of magnitude
Quantity
Systematic error (uncertainty)
Random uncertainty (error)
The power of magnitude of a value is the order of 10 when the…
something that can be expressed in a magnitude (value) with a…
An error that occurs on all measurements
An unpredictable and largely uncontrollable uncertainty, whic…
Order of magnitude
The power of magnitude of a value is the order of 10 when the…
Quantity
something that can be expressed in a magnitude (value) with a…
23 terms
DCB IB Physics Topic 5
Equation relating the change in potent…
Equation relating the current, charge…
Equations relating voltage, current an…
Equation relating resistance, resistiv…
Equation relating the change in potent…
Equation relating the current, charge…
41 terms
IB Physics SL - Mechanics
Vector
Scalar
Average velocity
Average speed
A quantity that has magnitude and direction.
A quantity that has magnitude only.
A vector quantity calculated using displacement per unit of t…
A scalar quantity calculated using distance per unit of time…
Vector
A quantity that has magnitude and direction.
Scalar
A quantity that has magnitude only.
9 terms
IB Physics
thermal equilibrium
temperature
absolute temperature
interal energy
state of same temperature
scalar quantity, measured in Celsius/kelvin
zero kelvin at absolute zero (temp at which all matter has mi…
the total of the potential energy and the random KE of all of…
thermal equilibrium
state of same temperature
temperature
scalar quantity, measured in Celsius/kelvin
23 terms
IB Physics Topic 7
photoelectric emission
de Broglie waves
atom
molecule
the freeing of electrons from the surface of a metal when lig…
all particles can be represented as (probability) waves; whic…
the smallest neutral particle that represents an element
smallest particle of a substance that can exist under normal…
photoelectric emission
the freeing of electrons from the surface of a metal when lig…
de Broglie waves
all particles can be represented as (probability) waves; whic…
IB Physics SL Definitions
Random Errors
Systematic Errors
Precision
Accuracy
A random error, is an error which affects a reading at random…
A systematic error, is an error which occurs at each reading.…
A measurement is said to be precise if it has little random e…
A measurement is said to be accurate if it has little systema…
Random Errors
A random error, is an error which affects a reading at random…
Systematic Errors
A systematic error, is an error which occurs at each reading.…
IB Physics: Topic 7 - Atomic & Nuclear Physics
State the equation relating energy, ma…
Define nuclear binding energy
Define Unified mass unit
Define mass defect
The energy required to assemble / separate a nucleus from its…
1/12th the mass of a carbon-12 nucleus
Difference between mass of nucleus... and total mass of separate…
State the equation relating energy, ma…
Define nuclear binding energy
The energy required to assemble / separate a nucleus from its…
72 terms
IB Physics
displacement
velocity
speed
acceleration
distance traveled in a particular direction from a specified…
the displacement of an object over time
the distance traveled by an object over time
change in velocity per unit time
displacement
distance traveled in a particular direction from a specified…
velocity
the displacement of an object over time
115 terms
IB Physics HL Definitions
Displacement
Velocity
Speed
Acceleration
Position of an object relative to its starting position.
Rate of change of displacement.
Rate of change of distance.
Rate of change of velocity.
Displacement
Position of an object relative to its starting position.
Velocity
Rate of change of displacement.
26 terms
IB SL Physics: Thermal
Temperature (T)
Thermal Equilibrium
Internal Energy of a Substance (U)
Thermal Energy (Heat) (Q)
A measure of the average random kinetic energy of all the par…
Two objects are in thermal equilibrium when they are at the s…
The total potential energy and random kinetic energy of the m…
Energy transferred between two substances by non-mechanical m…
Temperature (T)
A measure of the average random kinetic energy of all the par…
Thermal Equilibrium
Two objects are in thermal equilibrium when they are at the s…
AP/IB Physics terms
pico-
nano-
micro-
milli-
10^-12 ; p
10^-9 ; n
10^-6 ; µ
10^-3 ; m
pico-
10^-12 ; p
nano-
10^-9 ; n
IB physics vocab and definitions
1. Fundamental Units
2. Derived Units
3. Accuracy
4. Precision
seven basic units of the SI measurement system: kilogram, sec…
units that are combinations of fundamental units. These combi…
An indication of how close a measurement is to the accepted v…
An indication of the agreement among a number of measurements…
1. Fundamental Units
seven basic units of the SI measurement system: kilogram, sec…
2. Derived Units
units that are combinations of fundamental units. These combi…
21 terms
IB physics Unit 4
Example of Oscillation
Amplitude (x0)
Time period
Frequency
A swing
The maximum displacement from the equilibrium position
Time needed complete one full cycle
Number of oscillations produced per second.
Example of Oscillation
A swing
Amplitude (x0)
The maximum displacement from the equilibrium position
IB Physics HL Glossary
Measurement and uncertainties---UNIT 1
scalar
Fundmental units in SI system
Vector
...
a quantity with magnitude only eg. length
1. Length-metre-m... 2. Mass-kilogram-kg... 3. Time-second-s... 4. Ele…
a quantity with magnitude and direction eg. velocity
Measurement and uncertainties---UNIT 1
...
scalar
a quantity with magnitude only eg. length
38 terms
IB Physics: Relativity
Frame of Reference
Galilean Transformation
Inertial Frame of Reference
Special Theory of Relativity
A coordinate system in which measurements of position and tim…
Transforming from one inertial frame to another moving at con…
A frame of reference that is not accelerating but is at rest…
Two postulates: ... 1) The laws of physics are the same in all i…
Frame of Reference
A coordinate system in which measurements of position and tim…
Galilean Transformation
Transforming from one inertial frame to another moving at con…
19 terms
SI Units IB Physics
ampere
becquerel
candela
coulomb
electric current A
radioactivity Bq
luminous intensity cd
electric charge, electric flux C
ampere
electric current A
becquerel
radioactivity Bq
5 terms
IB Physics Topic 6
angular displacement
angular velocity
centripetal force
gravitational field strength
the angle through which an object moves in a circular path, o…
the rate of change of angular position of a rotating object
the force which acts towards the centre of orbit for a rotati…
the force per unit mass, acting upon a small/test mass at tha…
angular displacement
the angle through which an object moves in a circular path, o…
angular velocity
the rate of change of angular position of a rotating object
5 terms
IB Physics Topic 11
magnetic flux, Φ [weber, Wb]
magnetic flux linkage, NΦ [weber, Wb]
Faraday's law of electromagnetic induc…
Lenz's law
the magnetic flux through a region is a measure of the number…
product of number of turns in a coil and the flux through the…
the e.m.f. induced in a circuit/coil/loop is equal to/proport…
the induced e.m.f. / current is in such a direction that its…
magnetic flux, Φ [weber, Wb]
the magnetic flux through a region is a measure of the number…
magnetic flux linkage, NΦ [weber, Wb]
product of number of turns in a coil and the flux through the…
20 terms
IB Physics Topic 4
amplitude, X0 [m]
frequency, f [Hz]
period, T [s]
monochromatic
magnitude of the maximum displacement from the equilibrium po…
number of oscillations/vibrations per unit time.
time taken for one complete oscillation
single frequency / single colour
amplitude, X0 [m]
magnitude of the maximum displacement from the equilibrium po…
frequency, f [Hz]
number of oscillations/vibrations per unit time.
9 terms
IB Physics Topic 5
electric potential difference V [volt,…
electronvolt, eV
electric current, I [ampere, A]
electromotive force (emf), ξ [volt, V]
energy per unit charge; to move positive test charge between…
the work done to move one electron through a potential differ…
the rate of flow of charge past a given cross-section (of the…
work done per unit charge in moving charge completely around…
electric potential difference V [volt,…
energy per unit charge; to move positive test charge between…
electronvolt, eV
the work done to move one electron through a potential differ…
17 terms
IB Physics Topic 3
temperature, T [K]
thermal energy
heat, Q [J]
thermal equilibrium
measure of how hot something is (it can be used to work out t…
thermal energy is the KE of the component particles of an obj…
energy transferred from one body to another due to a temperat…
2 bodies that are in thermal contact are in thermal equilibri…
temperature, T [K]
measure of how hot something is (it can be used to work out t…
thermal energy
thermal energy is the KE of the component particles of an obj…
20 terms
IB Physics Topic 2
displacement, s [m]
velocity, v [m s-1]
speed, v [m s-1]
acceleration, a [m s-2]
displacement of a particle is the length and direction of a l…
rate of change of position with time
rate of distance travelled along a path
rate of change of velocity with time, change in velocity / ra…
displacement, s [m]
displacement of a particle is the length and direction of a l…
velocity, v [m s-1]
rate of change of position with time
143 terms
IB Physics Vocab
Fundamental units
Derived units
Precision
Accuracy
seven basic units of the SI measurement system: kilogram, sec…
Combinations of SI base units
Exact in measuring, recording, etc.
A description of how close a measurement is to the true value…
Fundamental units
seven basic units of the SI measurement system: kilogram, sec…
Derived units
Combinations of SI base units
IB Physics Masses
Electron
Proton
Haemoglobin Molecule
Bacterium
-30
-27
-22
-14
Electron
-30
Proton
-27
21 terms
IB Physics - Topic 1 - Physics & Physical Measure
The magnitude of the prefix tera(T)
The magnitude of the prefix giga(G)
The magnitude of the prefix mega(M)
The magnitude of the prefix kilo(k)
10^12
10^9
10^6
10^3
The magnitude of the prefix tera(T)
10^12
The magnitude of the prefix giga(G)
10^9
171 terms
IB Physics SL Definitions
Precision
Accuracy
Random Errors
Systematic Errors
A measurement is said to be precise if it has little random e…
A measurement is said to be accurate if it has little systema…
A random error, is an error which affects a reading at random.
A systematic error, is an error which occurs at each reading.
Precision
A measurement is said to be precise if it has little random e…
Accuracy
A measurement is said to be accurate if it has little systema…
7 terms
Ib physics
Newton 1st law
Equilibrium
Newtons 2nd law
Newtons 3rd law
Body at rest stays at rest until force acts upon it
Net force on body is 0
Sum of all forces =ma
Equal and opposite forces
Newton 1st law
Body at rest stays at rest until force acts upon it
Equilibrium
Net force on body is 0
IB Physics
Average Velocity
Average Speed
Position
Distance
Displacement/ Time
Distance/ Time
Where the object is at one particular moment
How far the object has travelled in total
Average Velocity
Displacement/ Time
Average Speed
Distance/ Time
IB Physics
Fundamental Units
Derived Units
Significant Figure Rules
Order of Magnitude
Base units for all our physical measurements.... They are the me…
Based on the fundamental units. Examples include volume and d…
Final answer should not have more sig figs than that of the l…
Distance (m):... 10^26 = Radius of the universe... 10^-15 = Diamete…
Fundamental Units
Base units for all our physical measurements.... They are the me…
Derived Units
Based on the fundamental units. Examples include volume and d…
33 terms
IB HL Physics Quantum Physics
Describe the photoelectric effect
State three observations of photoelect…
What is the work function of a metal s…
Define threshold frequency.
The effect whereby if light is shone onto a metal surface, el…
1) Electrons are only emitted if the light is above a certain…
The minimum energy required to emit an electron from a metal…
Minimum frequency of radiation required to release an electro…
Describe the photoelectric effect
The effect whereby if light is shone onto a metal surface, el…
State three observations of photoelect…
1) Electrons are only emitted if the light is above a certain…
8 terms
IB Physics - Physical Measurement
Fundamental units
Derived units
Accuracy
Precision
Seven basic units of the SI measurement system: kilogram, sec…
Units that are combinations of fundamental units. These combi…
An indication of how close a measurement is to the accepted v…
An indication of the agreement among a number of measurements…
Fundamental units
Seven basic units of the SI measurement system: kilogram, sec…
Derived units
Units that are combinations of fundamental units. These combi…
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