Study sets matching "ichthyology"

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Study sets matching "ichthyology"

Ichthyology
What is a fish?
Why are there more freshwater species…
Inferior mouth
Superior mouth
An animal that lives in the water and breathes through gills
There are more opportunities for isolation and speciation in…
Top jaw over bottom jaw; bottom feeders (sturgions, suckers,…
Oriented upward, lower jaw over top; ambush predator (African…
What is a fish?
An animal that lives in the water and breathes through gills
Why are there more freshwater species…
There are more opportunities for isolation and speciation in…
174 terms
Ichthyology
What defines a fish? Name 4 major char…
The Phylum Craniata (Vertebrata) are d…
Hagfish Class Name
Lamprey Class Name
Aquatic (for the entire life span), gilled vertebrates that a…
Agnatha, Gnathostomes are contained in what phylum?
Myxini
Petromyzontiformes
What defines a fish? Name 4 major char…
Aquatic (for the entire life span), gilled vertebrates that a…
The Phylum Craniata (Vertebrata) are d…
Agnatha, Gnathostomes are contained in what phylum?
34 terms
ichthyology
most populous families - name 6
5 extant classes of fishes from primit…
order myxini
order myxini exampl
Gobiidae, cyprinidae, cichlidae, characidae, loricariidae, ba…
myxini, cephalospidimorphes, chondrichthyes, sarcopterygii, a…
temp/cold saltwater, stenohaline, deep waters parasitic with…
hagfish
most populous families - name 6
Gobiidae, cyprinidae, cichlidae, characidae, loricariidae, ba…
5 extant classes of fishes from primit…
myxini, cephalospidimorphes, chondrichthyes, sarcopterygii, a…
118 terms
Ichthyology
- Mouth surrounded by barbels... -4 rows…
- Supraoral plate with 3 cusps... - 4 inn…
- supraoral tooth plate with 2 cusps... -…
- caudal fin strongly/evenly pigmented…
Eptatretus stoutii
Entosphenus tridentatus
Lampetra richardsoni
Entosphenus spp.
- Mouth surrounded by barbels... -4 rows…
Eptatretus stoutii
- Supraoral plate with 3 cusps... - 4 inn…
Entosphenus tridentatus
70 terms
Ichthyology
Myxinidae... Eptatretus stoutii... Pacific H…
Petromyzontidae... Entosphenus tridentatu…
Petromyzontidae... Lampetra richardsoni... W…
Chimaeridae... Hydrolagus colliei... Spotted…
Myxinidae... Eptatretus stoutii... Pacific H…
Petromyzontidae... Entosphenus tridentatu…
80 terms
Ichthyology
Family Myxinidae
Family Petromyzontidae
Family Rhincodontidae
Family Lamnidae
Hagfishes
Lampreys
Whale sharks
Mackerel sharks
Family Myxinidae
Hagfishes
Family Petromyzontidae
Lampreys
193 terms
Ichthyology
Agnathans
C. Myxini
C. Cephalosidomorphi
C. Pteraspidomorphi
Jawless
Hagfishes
Lampreys
*Ostracoderms
Agnathans
Jawless
C. Myxini
Hagfishes
Ichthyology
Neotype
Neotony
Topotype
Type Specimen
a specimen selected to replace a specimen that has been lost…
condition in which a larva matures sexually & reproduces
-specimen collected from same locality as type specimen.... - u…
-actual specimen(s) used to describe new species.... - archived…
Neotype
a specimen selected to replace a specimen that has been lost…
Neotony
condition in which a larva matures sexually & reproduces
29 terms
Ichthyology
Inclusive Fitness
Direct Fitness
Indirect Fitness
Semelparous
The sum of direct fitness and indirect fitness.
The number of offspring an individual produces.
The number of relatives produced multiplied by the degree of…
Mate once and die.... Examples: lampreys, eels, salmon
Inclusive Fitness
The sum of direct fitness and indirect fitness.
Direct Fitness
The number of offspring an individual produces.
5 terms
ichthyology
ichthyology
microbiologist
ornithology
paleontology
Study of fish
study of stuff
Study of birds
study of dinosaurs
ichthyology
Study of fish
microbiologist
study of stuff
94 terms
Ichthyology
Craniata
Vertebrata
neural crest cells
Myxiniformes
1. dorsal tubular nerve chord... 2. notochord... 3. pharyngeal slit…
1. vertebrae... 2. neuralcrest cells
form during neurealiation; form many cells; migrate around th…
hagfish
Craniata
1. dorsal tubular nerve chord... 2. notochord... 3. pharyngeal slit…
Vertebrata
1. vertebrae... 2. neuralcrest cells
23 terms
Ichthyology
Fundulus heteroclitus
Cyprinodon variegatus
Menidia beryllina
Menidia menidia
Mummichog
Sheepshead Minnow
Inland Silverside
Atlantic Silverside
Fundulus heteroclitus
Mummichog
Cyprinodon variegatus
Sheepshead Minnow
Ichthyology
Gobiidae
Serranidae
Labridae
Scorpaenidae
Gobies
Groupers and sea basses
Wrasses
Scorpionfish
Gobiidae
Gobies
Serranidae
Groupers and sea basses
Ichthyology
1) How is a cladogram constructed (tra…
2) What is a fish (and what is not a f…
3) Fish vs Fishes
4) Classes of extant fishes and approx…
two groups: apomorphies (more recently evolved, derived, or a…
Poikilothermic, aquatic chordate with appendages (when presen…
Fish can include one or more fish that are all part of the sa…
Myxini (70), Petromyzontida (38), Chondrichthyes (970), Sarcp…
1) How is a cladogram constructed (tra…
two groups: apomorphies (more recently evolved, derived, or a…
2) What is a fish (and what is not a f…
Poikilothermic, aquatic chordate with appendages (when presen…
111 terms
Ichthyology
Phylum
Subphylum
Hagfishes
Infraphylum
Chordata
Craniata
Family myxinidae superclass myxinomorphi
Vertebrata
Phylum
Chordata
Subphylum
Craniata
Ichthyology
Shadow Bass
Flier
Redbreast Sunfish
Green Sunfish
Shadow Bass
Flier
167 terms
Ichthyology
Ichthyomyzon bdellium
Ichthyomyzon castaneus
Lampetra aepyptera
Acipenser fulvescens
Ichthyomyzon bdellium
Ichthyomyzon castaneus
91 terms
ichthyology
WHAT IS A FISH?
Diversity of fishes
Coelacanth,
Conventions for discussing fish-
Unique and derived features, sometimes difficult to define. G…
: Of the 55,000 spp. vertebrates, 28,000 are fish. More spp.…
thought extinct, lobed fish precursor to terrestrial tetrapod…
Group of same species= group of FISH, a group of fish with ma…
WHAT IS A FISH?
Unique and derived features, sometimes difficult to define. G…
Diversity of fishes
: Of the 55,000 spp. vertebrates, 28,000 are fish. More spp.…
Ichthyology
Ostracoderms
Agnatha: class- myxini
more on hag fish
Agnatha: Class-cephalospidomorphi
shell-skinned. heavily armoured jawless fishlike vertebrates,…
hagfish or slime eels, temperate marine species. produce copi…
iso-osmotic, single 3 chambered heart and 3 single chambered…
lampreys. temperate freshwater and marine. jawless, central m…
Ostracoderms
shell-skinned. heavily armoured jawless fishlike vertebrates,…
Agnatha: class- myxini
hagfish or slime eels, temperate marine species. produce copi…
52 terms
Ichthyology
Alewife
American eel
Amphioxus
Atlantic croaker
Alosa pseudoharengus
Anguilla rostrata
Branchiostoma lanceolatum
Micropogonias undulatus
Alewife
Alosa pseudoharengus
American eel
Anguilla rostrata
25 terms
ichthyology
Plains topminnow
Starhead topminow
Western Mosquitofish
Brook Silverside
Fundulidae... Fundulus sciadicus... plain side
Fundulidae... Fundulus dispar... dark vertical bars, dark bar benea…
Poecilidae... Gambusia affinis... terminal mouth, anal fin ahead of…
Atherinidae... Labidesthes sicculus... jaws form beak, double dorsal
Plains topminnow
Fundulidae... Fundulus sciadicus... plain side
Starhead topminow
Fundulidae... Fundulus dispar... dark vertical bars, dark bar benea…
Ichthyology
osmoregulation
osmoconformer
stenohaline
homeostasis
-constant internal ions over wide range of external medium ... -…
-salinity of the blood is the same as the water... -hagfish
-can only osmoregulate over a small range of environmental sa…
-continue a constant temp
osmoregulation
-constant internal ions over wide range of external medium ... -…
osmoconformer
-salinity of the blood is the same as the water... -hagfish
193 terms
Ichthyology
Agnathans
C. Myxini
C. Cephalosidomorphi
C. Pteraspidomorphi
Jawless
Hagfishes
Lampreys
*Ostracoderms
Agnathans
Jawless
C. Myxini
Hagfishes
33 terms
Ichthyology
Whi invented the convental endings of…
Order
Suborder
Superfamily
berg, 1940
iformes
Oidei
Oidea
Whi invented the convental endings of…
berg, 1940
Order
iformes
45 terms
Ichthyology
Snail Darter
Garibaldi
European Bitterling
Sea Lamprey
Percina tanasi
Hypsypops rubicundus
Rhodeus amarus
Petromyzon marinus
Snail Darter
Percina tanasi
Garibaldi
Hypsypops rubicundus
Ichthyology
Chordata
Tunicata
Cephalochordata
Vertebrata
Phylum of fishes
Subphylum of sea squirts
Subphylum of AMPHIOXUS
Subphylum of fishes
Chordata
Phylum of fishes
Tunicata
Subphylum of sea squirts
37 terms
Ichthyology
Ichthyomyzon castaneous
Lethenteron appendix
Notemigonus crysoleucas
Phenacobius crassilabrum
Chestnut Lamprey
American Brook Lamprey
Golden Shiner
Fatlips Minnow
Ichthyomyzon castaneous
Chestnut Lamprey
Lethenteron appendix
American Brook Lamprey
62 terms
Ichthyology
Mandibular arch
Chondrocranium
Meckel's cartilage
Brachial arch
consists of the palatoquadrate cartilage (upper jaw) and Meck…
primitive cartilaginous skeletal structure of the fetal skill…
original and most primitive lower jaw.
"gill arches" are a series of bony loops present in fish that…
Mandibular arch
consists of the palatoquadrate cartilage (upper jaw) and Meck…
Chondrocranium
primitive cartilaginous skeletal structure of the fetal skill…
12 terms
Ichthyology
stable states
ecological regime
stable states vs ecological regime
the allee effect
abiotic an biotic conditions in which a ecosystem exists.
transition stage between stable states
in order to transition between stable states, a perturbation…
the positive correlation between population size and density.…
stable states
abiotic an biotic conditions in which a ecosystem exists.
ecological regime
transition stage between stable states
9 terms
Ichthyology
5 features of all chordates
3 major groups of chordates
Urochrodata
Cephalochordata
1. pharyngeal gills... 2. endostyle/thyroid gland: to secrete mu…
1. Urochrodata... 2. Cephalochordata... 3. Craniata
Seasquirts/turicates... -most sessile filter feeders as adults…
lancelets... -free-swimming fish like filter feeders ... -similar t…
5 features of all chordates
1. pharyngeal gills... 2. endostyle/thyroid gland: to secrete mu…
3 major groups of chordates
1. Urochrodata... 2. Cephalochordata... 3. Craniata
81 terms
Ichthyology
Ichthyology
Convergent Evolution
Cryptic species
Agnathans
the branch of zoology that deals with fishes
where two species, not related, evolve similar traits due to…
individuals that are morphologically identical to each other…
'Primitive' vertebrates and all aquatic, jaws are absent, pai…
Ichthyology
the branch of zoology that deals with fishes
Convergent Evolution
where two species, not related, evolve similar traits due to…
Ichthyology
- Mouth surrounded by barbels... -4 rows…
- Supraoral plate with 3 cusps... - 4 inn…
- supraoral tooth plate with 2 cusps... -…
- caudal fin strongly/evenly pigmented…
Eptatretus stoutii
Entosphenus tridentatus
Lampetra richardsoni
Entosphenus spp.
- Mouth surrounded by barbels... -4 rows…
Eptatretus stoutii
- Supraoral plate with 3 cusps... - 4 inn…
Entosphenus tridentatus
Ichthyology
Lizardfish, inshore
Needlefish, Atlantic
Menhaden, gulf
Anchovy, striped
Synodus foetens
Strongylura marina
Brevoortia patronus
Anchoa hepsetus
Lizardfish, inshore
Synodus foetens
Needlefish, Atlantic
Strongylura marina
122 terms
Ichthyology
Myxinidae
Carcharhinidae
Sphyrnidae
Squalidae
Hagfishes... Class: Myxini... Mouth with 3-4 pairs of barbells... No o…
Requiem Sharks... Class: Chondrichthyes... Upper precaudal pit pres…
Hammerhead and Bonnehead Sharks... Class: Chondrichthyes... Flatten…
Dogfish Sharks... Class: Chondrichthyes... Dorsal fins with a stron…
Myxinidae
Hagfishes... Class: Myxini... Mouth with 3-4 pairs of barbells... No o…
Carcharhinidae
Requiem Sharks... Class: Chondrichthyes... Upper precaudal pit pres…
Ichthyology
Fish vs. Fishes
What is a fish?
Neotype
Dioecious
Fish refers to one or more individuals of a single species.... F…
An aquatic vertebrate with gills and with limbs (if present)…
A specimen selected to replace a type specimen that has been…
Male and female reproductive organs in separate individuals.
Fish vs. Fishes
Fish refers to one or more individuals of a single species.... F…
What is a fish?
An aquatic vertebrate with gills and with limbs (if present)…
Ichthyology
Fishes are..
Earliest Observation of fishes..
Egypt had sculptures of what fish..
American Aborigines..
Free living, aquatic, cold blooded, gill breathing craniates…
Aristotle
Tilapia
Understood fish behavior
Fishes are..
Free living, aquatic, cold blooded, gill breathing craniates…
Earliest Observation of fishes..
Aristotle
13 terms
Ichthyology
brown trout
rainbow trout
madtoms
brown bullhead
Actinopterygii... Salmonidae... Salmo trutta
Actinopterygii... Salmonidae... Oncorhynchus mykiss
Actinopterygii... Ictaluridae... Noturus spp.
Actinopterygii... Ictaluridae... Ictalurus nebulosus
brown trout
Actinopterygii... Salmonidae... Salmo trutta
rainbow trout
Actinopterygii... Salmonidae... Oncorhynchus mykiss
25 terms
Ichthyology
Craniata
Myxinomorphi
Petromyzontomorphi
Ganthostomata
Subphylum, spined vertebrates
superclass, hagfish
superclass, lampreys
superclass, jawed fish
Craniata
Subphylum, spined vertebrates
Myxinomorphi
superclass, hagfish
20 terms
Ichthyology
Lepistosteidae
Petromyzontidae
Acipenceridae
Ictaluridae
Gars
Lampreys
Sturgeons
NA catfishes
Lepistosteidae
Gars
Petromyzontidae
Lampreys
ichthyology
mensural
Meristic
Acipenseridae
Clupeidae
characters that can be measured quantitatively (length) conti…
characters which can be counted (number of fin rays) disconti…
sturgeons
herrings and shad
mensural
characters that can be measured quantitatively (length) conti…
Meristic
characters which can be counted (number of fin rays) disconti…
31 terms
Ichthyology
Constantine Rafinesque
Peter Artedi
David Starr Jordan
Louis Agassiz
Named many fish in Eastern North America, Transylvania Univer…
Linneus' student interested in fish, linneus published his wo…
"Cleaned up" taxonomy of fishes for Eastern North America, na…
Harvard field station founder of modern glacial geological th…
Constantine Rafinesque
Named many fish in Eastern North America, Transylvania Univer…
Peter Artedi
Linneus' student interested in fish, linneus published his wo…
294 terms
Ichthyology
What are the 4 defining characteristic…
What are the 3 "early chordates"?
What animals are found in Hemichordata?
What animals are found in Cephalochord…
1. Pharynx with gill slits... 2. Notochord... 3. Dorsal hollow nerv…
1. Hemichordates... 2. Cephalochordates... 3. Urochordates
Acorn worms
Amphioxus
What are the 4 defining characteristic…
1. Pharynx with gill slits... 2. Notochord... 3. Dorsal hollow nerv…
What are the 3 "early chordates"?
1. Hemichordates... 2. Cephalochordates... 3. Urochordates
7 terms
Ichthyology
Fish showed up when?
Bottom fish
Bottom rovers
Bottoms clinger
Ordovician, about 450 million years ago. Mostly armored jawle…
-Mostly reduced or absent swim bladder... - Various body shapes…
-have a rover-predator like body... -head tends to be flattened…
-small fish with flattened head... -large pectoral fins... - pector…
Fish showed up when?
Ordovician, about 450 million years ago. Mostly armored jawle…
Bottom fish
-Mostly reduced or absent swim bladder... - Various body shapes…
40 terms
Ichthyology
5 Classes
Ostracoderms (5)... 1. Shell skinned ... 2-5…
Myxini (7)... 1. Hagfish and Slime Eels... 2…
Feeding of Myxini (3 features)
Agnatha (no jaws):... Myxini... Cephalospidomorphi... Gnathostomata (…
1. Shell skinned ... 2. Lack jaws... 3. bony plates/scales... 4. ename…
1. Hagfish and Slime Eels... 2. Slime glands... 3. Thread cells and…
1. Barbels 2. Plate of teeth and no jaws 3. Deliberate tie kn…
5 Classes
Agnatha (no jaws):... Myxini... Cephalospidomorphi... Gnathostomata (…
Ostracoderms (5)... 1. Shell skinned ... 2-5…
1. Shell skinned ... 2. Lack jaws... 3. bony plates/scales... 4. ename…
Ichthyology
common name for Scianidae
common name for Antennariidae
common name for Moronidae
common name for Cottidae
Drums
Frogfishes
Temperate basses
Sculpins
common name for Scianidae
Drums
common name for Antennariidae
Frogfishes
76 terms
Ichthyology
Lampetra aepyptera
Ichthyomyzon casteneus
Scaphirhynchus platorynchus
Polyodon spathula
Least brook lamprey
Chestnut lamprey
Shovel nose sturgeon
Paddlefish
Lampetra aepyptera
Least brook lamprey
Ichthyomyzon casteneus
Chestnut lamprey
**** Ichthyology
Atlantic Hagfish
Sea Lamprey
Spotted Ratfish
Spiny Dogfish
Family: Myxinidae... Genus species: Myxine glutinosa
Family: Petromyzontidae... Genus species: Petromyzon marinus
Family: Chimaeridae... Genus species: Hydrolagus collei
Family: Squalidae... Genus species: Squalus acanthias
Atlantic Hagfish
Family: Myxinidae... Genus species: Myxine glutinosa
Sea Lamprey
Family: Petromyzontidae... Genus species: Petromyzon marinus
48 terms
Ichthyology
Cellular respiration
Physiological respiration
Raw ventilation
Bucial ventilation
The use of energy in the form of glucose
Supplying tissues with oxygen from the environment
Allowing water to pass over the gills physically by swimming
Passing water over the gills by drawing it into the mouth usi…
Cellular respiration
The use of energy in the form of glucose
Physiological respiration
Supplying tissues with oxygen from the environment
6 terms
Ichthyology
Agnatha
Class Mixini
Order Mixiniformes
Class Cephalaspodormorphi
Jawless Fishes
Hagfishes
Hagfishes
Lampreys
Agnatha
Jawless Fishes
Class Mixini
Hagfishes
Ichthyology
Tule perch
River lamprey
Rainbow trout
Prickly sculpin
Family: Embiotocidae... Hysterocarpus traski
Family: Petromyzontidae... Lampetra ayersi
Family: Salmonidae... Oncorhynchus mykiss
Family: Cottidae... Cottus asper
Tule perch
Family: Embiotocidae... Hysterocarpus traski
River lamprey
Family: Petromyzontidae... Lampetra ayersi
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