How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "igneous rocks"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "igneous rocks"

17 terms
Igneous Rocks
extrusive
intrusive
volcanic
mantle
Igneous rock that forms from lava on earth's surface
a type of ingneous rock that generally contains large crystal…
tiny particles of pulverized volcanic rock and glass
The layer of hot, solid material between Earth's crust and co…
extrusive
Igneous rock that forms from lava on earth's surface
intrusive
a type of ingneous rock that generally contains large crystal…
16 terms
Igneous Rocks
extrusive
intrusive
volcanic
mafic
formed on the Earth's surface
formed within the Earth's crust
general name given to igneous rocks made of crystals less tha…
low silica content - dark colored
extrusive
formed on the Earth's surface
intrusive
formed within the Earth's crust
8 terms
Igneous Rocks
Magma.
Intrusive.
Extrusive igneous
Lava
The molten material deep inside Earth form which igneous rock…
When magma cools deep inside Earth, _____ igneous rocks are f…
Lava that cools quickly forms _____ rocks.
Liquid magma that reaches the surface ______.
Magma.
The molten material deep inside Earth form which igneous rock…
Intrusive.
When magma cools deep inside Earth, _____ igneous rocks are f…
11 terms
igneous rocks
lava
igneous rock
intrusive rock
extrusive rock
magma that flows onto earth's surface
formed from the cooling or crystallization of magma or lava
coarse-grained igneous rock formed when molten rock cools slo…
fine-grained igneous rock formed when molten rock cools quick…
lava
magma that flows onto earth's surface
igneous rock
formed from the cooling or crystallization of magma or lava
12 terms
Igneous Rocks
Rock
Rock Cycle
Composition
Texture
a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals a…
the series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from o…
the chemical make-up of a rock; describes either the minerals…
the size, shape, and positions of the mineral grains in a rock
Rock
a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals a…
Rock Cycle
the series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from o…
10 terms
Igneous Rocks
Extrusive:
Intrusive rock:
Lava:
Magma:
igneous rock formed from lava
igneous rock formed from magma
magma that reaches the Earth's surface
molten rock inside the Earth
Extrusive:
igneous rock formed from lava
Intrusive rock:
igneous rock formed from magma
12 terms
Igneous Rocks
granite specimens
basalt
basalt bubbles
fine-grained granite
Samples of granite; these 4 specimens show the wide range of…
A dark, dense, igneous rock with a fine texture, found in oce…
Igneous specimen showing basalt "bubbles"
Igneous; these granite specimens show a fine grained texture
granite specimens
Samples of granite; these 4 specimens show the wide range of…
basalt
A dark, dense, igneous rock with a fine texture, found in oce…
6 terms
Igneous Rocks
Igneous Rocks
Intrusive
Extrusive
Felsic
Formed by the solidification of molten material (magma). Foun…
Formed inside the earth; plutonic. Very slow cooling with siz…
Formed on outside, on Earth's surface; volcanic. Cools very f…
Light color, low density, rich in aluminum (Al)
Igneous Rocks
Formed by the solidification of molten material (magma). Foun…
Intrusive
Formed inside the earth; plutonic. Very slow cooling with siz…
12 terms
Igneous Rocks
Obsidian
Rhyolite
Granite
Andesite
Obsidian
Rhyolite
33 terms
Igneous Rocks
Melting and Cooling
Mafic and Felsic
Mafic
Felsic
How do Igneous rocks form?
What are the two types of magma/lava?
What magma forms dark colored rocks?
What magma forms light colored rocks?
Melting and Cooling
How do Igneous rocks form?
Mafic and Felsic
What are the two types of magma/lava?
21 terms
Igneous Rocks
Pumice
Vesicular basalt
Porphyritic rhyolite
Granite
This rock is glassy and light in weight.
This rock is fine-grained, mafic and contains holes.
This rock is felsic, fine grained and contains some crystals…
This rock contains plag., quartz and muscovite and/or biotite.
Pumice
This rock is glassy and light in weight.
Vesicular basalt
This rock is fine-grained, mafic and contains holes.
8 terms
Igneous Rocks
Igneous Rocks
Intrusive
Extrusive
Felsic
Formed by the solidification of molten material (magma). Foun…
Formed inside the earth; plutonic. Very slow cooling with siz…
Formed on outside, on Earth's surface; volcanic. Cools very f…
Light color, low density, rich in aluminum (Al)
Igneous Rocks
Formed by the solidification of molten material (magma). Foun…
Intrusive
Formed inside the earth; plutonic. Very slow cooling with siz…
14 terms
Igneous Rocks
Magma.
Intrusive.
Extrusive igneous
Lava
The molten material deep inside Earth form which igneous rock…
When magma cools deep inside Earth, _____ igneous rocks are f…
Lava that cools quickly forms _____ rocks.
Liquid magma that reaches the surface ______.
Magma.
The molten material deep inside Earth form which igneous rock…
Intrusive.
When magma cools deep inside Earth, _____ igneous rocks are f…
11 terms
Igneous rocks
Igneous Rocks
Andesite
Basalt
Diorite
...
Igneous Rocks
...
Andesite
10 terms
Rocks: Igneous
67. Andesite
68. Basalt
69. Diorite
70. Gabbro
67. Andesite
68. Basalt
10 terms
Igneous Rocks
Igneous
Lava
Magma
Intrusive
Rocks formed from melted rock that has cooled and solidified.
Melted rock found above Earth's surface
Melted rock found below Earth's surface
Igneous rocks formed below Earth's surface. They have large,…
Igneous
Rocks formed from melted rock that has cooled and solidified.
Lava
Melted rock found above Earth's surface
17 terms
Igneous Rocks
extrusive
intrusive
volcanic
mantle
Igneous rock that forms from lava on earth's surface
a type of ingneous rock that generally contains large crystal…
tiny particles of pulverized volcanic rock and glass
The layer of hot, solid material between Earth's crust and co…
extrusive
Igneous rock that forms from lava on earth's surface
intrusive
a type of ingneous rock that generally contains large crystal…
16 terms
Igneous Rocks
Igneous
Crystallization
Lava
Magma
Rocks formed from melted rock that cools and forms crystals
The process of crystals forming
Melted rock found above Earth's surface
Melted rock found below Earth's surface
Igneous
Rocks formed from melted rock that cools and forms crystals
Crystallization
The process of crystals forming
17 terms
Igneous Rocks
lava
magma
igneous rocks
extrusive rocks
Magma that reaches Earth's surface
Molten rock beneath the earth's surface
Form directly from cooling of magma or lava. Ex: granite (mag…
rocks formed from molten lava that hardens on the earth's sur…
lava
Magma that reaches Earth's surface
magma
Molten rock beneath the earth's surface
16 terms
Igneous Rocks
extrusive rock
volcanic glass
intrusive rock
obsidian
when volcanic material erupts and cools and crystallizes on E…
rock that forms when lava cools too quickly to form crystals
forms as magma cools underground
extrusive; volcanic glass
extrusive rock
when volcanic material erupts and cools and crystallizes on E…
volcanic glass
rock that forms when lava cools too quickly to form crystals
12 terms
Igneous Rocks
Basalt
Pomice
Obsidian
Vesicular Basalt
Mafic, aphanitic, black, Igneous
Felsic, vesicular, Igneous
Glassy, felsic, Igneous
Vesicular, mafic, Igneous
Basalt
Mafic, aphanitic, black, Igneous
Pomice
Felsic, vesicular, Igneous
20 terms
Igneous Rocks
Rocks exposed in national parks tell u…
What are the 3 basic types of rocks?
Igneous Rocks are created how?
Sedimentary Rocks are created how?
1. Igneous Rocks... 2. Sedimentary Rocks... 3. Metamorphic Rocks
When molten liquid cools and solidifies
When ice, wind, and water ERODE and transport particles of ro…
Rocks exposed in national parks tell u…
What are the 3 basic types of rocks?
1. Igneous Rocks... 2. Sedimentary Rocks... 3. Metamorphic Rocks
Igneous Rocks
Andesite-Igneous
Basalt-Igneous
Diorite-Igneous
Gabbro-Igneous
phaneritc ... volcanic ... intermediate ... phenocrysts present... porher…
phanitic... volcanic... mafic... no phenocrysts
Andesidic,... coarse grain, and... medium colored.
coarse, intrusive, cooling rate: slow, shield, mafic/basaltic…
Andesite-Igneous
phaneritc ... volcanic ... intermediate ... phenocrysts present... porher…
Basalt-Igneous
phanitic... volcanic... mafic... no phenocrysts
18 terms
Igneous Rocks
Andesite
Andesite
Basalt
Diorite
Andesite
Andesite
16 terms
Igneous Rocks
Gabbro
peridotite
breccia
pumice
Gabbro
peridotite
Igneous Rocks
Granite
Diorite
Gabbro
Basalt
Granite
Diorite
13 terms
Igneous Rocks
Granite
Diorite
Gabbro
Peridotite
Texture: Phaneritic ... Composition: Felsic ... Large Crystals
Texture: Phaneritic ... Composition: Intermediate ... Large Crystals
Texture: Phaneritic ... Composition: Mafic... Large Crystals
Texture: Phaneritic ... Composition: Ultramafic... Large Crystals
Granite
Texture: Phaneritic ... Composition: Felsic ... Large Crystals
Diorite
Texture: Phaneritic ... Composition: Intermediate ... Large Crystals
10 terms
Igneous Rocks
basalt
granite
diorite
pumice
aphanitic (plag, olivine, pyroxene)... mafic... extrusive... high temp…
phaneritic (quartz, k-spar, plag, biotite)... felsic... intrusive... l…
phaneritic (plag, quartz, amphibole)... intermediate... intrusive... s…
vesicular... light-colored... felsic... ashy... extrusive... low temperatures
basalt
aphanitic (plag, olivine, pyroxene)... mafic... extrusive... high temp…
granite
phaneritic (quartz, k-spar, plag, biotite)... felsic... intrusive... l…
6 terms
igneous rocks
lava
igneous rock
intrusive rock
extrusive rock
magma that flows onto earth's surface
formed from the cooling or crystallization of magma or lava
coarse-grained igneous rock formed when molten rock cools slo…
fine-grained igneous rock formed when molten rock cools quick…
lava
magma that flows onto earth's surface
igneous rock
formed from the cooling or crystallization of magma or lava
10 terms
Igneous rocks
rhyolite
granite
pumice
andesite
Composition: Felsic ... Texture: Fine-grained ... Minerals: Quartz,…
Composition: Felsic ... Texture: Coarse-grained ... Minerals: Quart…
Composition: Felsic ... Texture: vesicular ... Minerals: Quartz, Na…
Composition: Intermediate ... Texture: Fine-grained (can be porp…
rhyolite
Composition: Felsic ... Texture: Fine-grained ... Minerals: Quartz,…
granite
Composition: Felsic ... Texture: Coarse-grained ... Minerals: Quart…
igneous rocks
lava
igneous rock
intrusive rock
extrusive rock
magma that flows onto earth's surface
formed from the cooling or crystallization of magma or lava
coarse-grained igneous rock formed when molten rock cools slo…
fine-grained igneous rock formed when molten rock cools quick…
lava
magma that flows onto earth's surface
igneous rock
formed from the cooling or crystallization of magma or lava
14 terms
Igneous Rocks
Magma.
Intrusive.
Extrusive igneous
Lava
The molten material deep inside Earth form which igneous rock…
When magma cools deep inside Earth, _____ igneous rocks are f…
Lava that cools quickly above the surface forms ________ ____…
Liquid magma that reaches the surface.
Magma.
The molten material deep inside Earth form which igneous rock…
Intrusive.
When magma cools deep inside Earth, _____ igneous rocks are f…
8 terms
Igneous Rocks
Magma.
Intrusive.
Extrusive igneous
Lava
The molten material deep inside Earth form which igneous rock…
When magma cools deep inside Earth, _____ igneous rocks are f…
Lava that cools quickly forms _____ rocks.
Liquid magma that reaches the surface ______.
Magma.
The molten material deep inside Earth form which igneous rock…
Intrusive.
When magma cools deep inside Earth, _____ igneous rocks are f…
8 terms
Igneous Rocks
Pumice
Gabbro
Obsidian
Rhyolite
Glassy/Fine, Felsic, extrusive
Coarse, intrusive, mafic
Glassy, Extrusive, Felsic
Fine, extrusive, Mafic
Pumice
Glassy/Fine, Felsic, extrusive
Gabbro
Coarse, intrusive, mafic
15 terms
Igneous Rocks
Silicate
Lava
Igneous Rock
Partial Melting
Mineral that contains silicon and oxygen, and usually one or…
Magma that flows out onto Earth's Surface
Intrusive or extrusive rock formed from the cooling and cryst…
Process in which different minerals melt into magma at differ…
Silicate
Mineral that contains silicon and oxygen, and usually one or…
Lava
Magma that flows out onto Earth's Surface
22 terms
Igneous Rocks
Pumice
Vesicular basalt
Porphyritic rhyolite
Granite
This rock felsic and has density less then water.
This rock is fine-grained, mafic and contains holes.
This rock is felsic, fine grained and contains some crystals…
This rock contains feldspar., quartz and muscovite and/or bio…
Pumice
This rock felsic and has density less then water.
Vesicular basalt
This rock is fine-grained, mafic and contains holes.
10 terms
Igneous Rocks
Igneous Rock
Magma
Lava
Composition
rock that forms from magma or lava
molten rock inside the Earth
molten rock on the surface of the Earth
minerals that make up the rock
Igneous Rock
rock that forms from magma or lava
Magma
molten rock inside the Earth
19 terms
Igneous Rocks
Lava
Crust
Igneous Rocks
Extrusive igneous rocks
Very hot molten rock above the surface of the crust
Outermost layer of the Earth
Are formed from cooling magma/lava
Formed from cooling lava
Lava
Very hot molten rock above the surface of the crust
Crust
Outermost layer of the Earth
20 terms
Igneous Rocks
Rock
Rock Cycle
Composition
Texture
a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals a…
the series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from o…
the chemical make-up of a rock; describes either the minerals…
the size, shape, and positions of the mineral grains in a rock
Rock
a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals a…
Rock Cycle
the series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from o…
8 terms
Igneous Rocks
Rhyolite
Andesite
Basalt
Granite
Volcanic; Felsic
Intermediate; volcanic
Mafic; Volcanic
Felsic; Plutonic
Rhyolite
Volcanic; Felsic
Andesite
Intermediate; volcanic
igneous rocks
lava
igneous rock
intrusive rock
extrusive rock
magma that flows onto earth's surface
formed from the cooling or crystallization of magma or lava
coarse-grained igneous rock formed when molten rock cools slo…
fine-grained igneous rock formed when molten rock cools quick…
lava
magma that flows onto earth's surface
igneous rock
formed from the cooling or crystallization of magma or lava
11 terms
Igneous Rocks
Periodotite (Ultramafic)
Basalt (Mafic)
Rhyolite (Felsic)
Gabbro (Mafic)
Periodotite (Ultramafic)
Basalt (Mafic)
21 terms
Igneous Rocks
Pumice
Vesicular basalt
Porphyritic rhyolite
Granite
This rock is glassy and light in weight.
This rock is fine-grained, mafic and contains holes.
This rock is felsic, fine grained and contains some crystals…
This rock contains plag., quartz and muscovite and/or biotite.
Pumice
This rock is glassy and light in weight.
Vesicular basalt
This rock is fine-grained, mafic and contains holes.
11 terms
Igneous Rocks
peridotite
basalt
rhyolite
gabbro
peridotite
basalt
8 terms
Igneous Rocks
Magma.
Intrusive.
Extrusive igneous
Lava
The molten material deep inside Earth form which igneous rock…
When magma cools deep inside Earth, _____ igneous rocks are f…
Lava that cools quickly forms _____ rocks.
Liquid magma that reaches the surface ______.
Magma.
The molten material deep inside Earth form which igneous rock…
Intrusive.
When magma cools deep inside Earth, _____ igneous rocks are f…
8 terms
Igneous Rocks
Magma.
Intrusive.
Extrusive igneous
Lava
The molten material deep inside Earth form which igneous rock…
When magma cools deep inside Earth, _____ igneous rocks are f…
Lava that cools quickly forms _____ rocks.
Liquid magma that reaches the surface ______.
Magma.
The molten material deep inside Earth form which igneous rock…
Intrusive.
When magma cools deep inside Earth, _____ igneous rocks are f…
11 terms
Igneous Rocks
intrusive rock
basalt
lava
granite
Igneous rocks formed when magma cools and hardens beneath the…
Most common extrusive igneous rock.
Liquid magma that reaches the surface.
Most common intrusive igneous rock.
intrusive rock
Igneous rocks formed when magma cools and hardens beneath the…
basalt
Most common extrusive igneous rock.
8 terms
Rocks: Igneous
Igneous Rocks
Extrusive Igneous Rocks
Fine grained or glassy
Coarse grained
Rocks that form when molten rock cools.
Rocks that form when lava cools quickly (volcanic).
The texture of an extrusive igneous rock.
The texture of an intrusive igneous rock.
Igneous Rocks
Rocks that form when molten rock cools.
Extrusive Igneous Rocks
Rocks that form when lava cools quickly (volcanic).
10 terms
Igneous Rocks
molten rock
crust/layer
molten
volcanic rock
The earth was ______________ in the very beginning.
Over the many years the earth cooled down and an outer ______…
The inner core of the earth is still...
Another name for the igneous rocks is...
molten rock
The earth was ______________ in the very beginning.
crust/layer
Over the many years the earth cooled down and an outer ______…
13 terms
Igneous rocks
Extrusive igneous rocks form from
Some melted rock material never reache…
Large crack in the earth's crust that…
Detrimental rocks are made of...
melted rock material
Intrusive igneous rocks
Fissures
grains of minerals or other rocks that have moved
Extrusive igneous rocks form from
melted rock material
Some melted rock material never reache…
Intrusive igneous rocks
1 of 10