Study sets matching "igneous rocks"

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Study sets matching "igneous rocks"

Igneous Rocks
extrusive
intrusive
volcanic
mantle
Igneous rock that forms from lava on earth's surface
a type of ingneous rock that generally contains large crystal…
tiny particles of pulverized volcanic rock and glass
The layer of hot, solid material between Earth's crust and co…
extrusive
Igneous rock that forms from lava on earth's surface
intrusive
a type of ingneous rock that generally contains large crystal…
Igneous Rocks
extrusive
intrusive
volcanic
mafic
formed on the Earth's surface
formed within the Earth's crust
general name given to igneous rocks made of crystals less tha…
low silica content - dark colored
extrusive
formed on the Earth's surface
intrusive
formed within the Earth's crust
6 terms
Igneous Rocks
mantle
lava
magma
silica
The layer of hot, solid material between Earth's crust and co…
Magma that reaches Earth's surface
A molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water…
a material found in magma that is formed from the elements ox…
mantle
The layer of hot, solid material between Earth's crust and co…
lava
Magma that reaches Earth's surface
Igneous Rocks
Magma.
Intrusive.
Extrusive igneous
Lava
The molten material deep inside Earth form which igneous rock…
When magma cools deep inside Earth, _____ igneous rocks are f…
Lava that cools quickly forms _____ rocks.
Liquid magma that reaches the surface ______.
Magma.
The molten material deep inside Earth form which igneous rock…
Intrusive.
When magma cools deep inside Earth, _____ igneous rocks are f…
Igneous Rocks
Extrusive:
Intrusive rock:
Lava:
Magma:
igneous rock formed from lava
igneous rock formed from magma
magma that reaches the Earth's surface
molten rock inside the Earth
Extrusive:
igneous rock formed from lava
Intrusive rock:
igneous rock formed from magma
11 terms
igneous rocks
lava
igneous rock
intrusive rock
extrusive rock
magma that flows onto earth's surface
formed from the cooling or crystallization of magma or lava
coarse-grained igneous rock formed when molten rock cools slo…
fine-grained igneous rock formed when molten rock cools quick…
lava
magma that flows onto earth's surface
igneous rock
formed from the cooling or crystallization of magma or lava
12 terms
Igneous Rocks
Rock
Rock Cycle
Composition
Texture
a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals a…
the series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from o…
the chemical make-up of a rock; describes either the minerals…
the size, shape, and positions of the mineral grains in a rock
Rock
a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals a…
Rock Cycle
the series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from o…
12 terms
Igneous Rocks
granite specimens
basalt
basalt bubbles
fine-grained granite
Samples of granite; these 4 specimens show the wide range of…
A dark, dense, igneous rock with a fine texture, found in oce…
Igneous specimen showing basalt "bubbles"
Igneous; these granite specimens show a fine grained texture
granite specimens
Samples of granite; these 4 specimens show the wide range of…
basalt
A dark, dense, igneous rock with a fine texture, found in oce…
6 terms
Igneous Rocks
Igneous Rocks
Intrusive
Extrusive
Felsic
Formed by the solidification of molten material (magma). Foun…
Formed inside the earth; plutonic. Very slow cooling with siz…
Formed on outside, on Earth's surface; volcanic. Cools very f…
Light color, low density, rich in aluminum (Al)
Igneous Rocks
Formed by the solidification of molten material (magma). Foun…
Intrusive
Formed inside the earth; plutonic. Very slow cooling with siz…
21 terms
Igneous Rocks
Pumice
Vesicular basalt
Porphyritic rhyolite
Granite
This rock is glassy and light in weight.
This rock is fine-grained, mafic and contains holes.
This rock is felsic, fine grained and contains some crystals…
This rock contains plag., quartz and muscovite and/or biotite.
Pumice
This rock is glassy and light in weight.
Vesicular basalt
This rock is fine-grained, mafic and contains holes.
8 terms
Igneous Rocks
Igneous Rocks
Intrusive
Extrusive
Felsic
Formed by the solidification of molten material (magma). Foun…
Formed inside the earth; plutonic. Very slow cooling with siz…
Formed on outside, on Earth's surface; volcanic. Cools very f…
Light color, low density, rich in aluminum (Al)
Igneous Rocks
Formed by the solidification of molten material (magma). Foun…
Intrusive
Formed inside the earth; plutonic. Very slow cooling with siz…
6 terms
Igneous Rocks
obsidian
basalt
pumice
granite
a sharp, glasslike volcanic rock
A dark, dense, igneous rock with a fine texture, found in oce…
A type of igneous rock that contains air bubbles
A usually light colored igneous rock that is found in contine…
obsidian
a sharp, glasslike volcanic rock
basalt
A dark, dense, igneous rock with a fine texture, found in oce…
14 terms
Igneous Rocks
Magma.
Intrusive.
Extrusive igneous
Lava
The molten material deep inside Earth form which igneous rock…
When magma cools deep inside Earth, _____ igneous rocks are f…
Lava that cools quickly forms _____ rocks.
Liquid magma that reaches the surface ______.
Magma.
The molten material deep inside Earth form which igneous rock…
Intrusive.
When magma cools deep inside Earth, _____ igneous rocks are f…
33 terms
Igneous Rocks
Melting and Cooling
Mafic and Felsic
Mafic
Felsic
How do Igneous rocks form?
What are the two types of magma/lava?
What magma forms dark colored rocks?
What magma forms light colored rocks?
Melting and Cooling
How do Igneous rocks form?
Mafic and Felsic
What are the two types of magma/lava?
7 terms
Igneous Rocks
Igneous Rock
Magma
Lava
Intrusive igneous rock
A rock that form directly from magma or lava cooling
Melted rock below the surface
Melted rock above the surface
Rock the forms from magma (melted rock below the surface) coo…
Igneous Rock
A rock that form directly from magma or lava cooling
Magma
Melted rock below the surface
Igneous Rocks
extrusive
intrusive
volcanic
mantle
Igneous rock that forms from lava on earth's surface
a type of ingneous rock that generally contains large crystal…
tiny particles of pulverized volcanic rock and glass
The layer of hot, solid material between Earth's crust and co…
extrusive
Igneous rock that forms from lava on earth's surface
intrusive
a type of ingneous rock that generally contains large crystal…
Igneous Rocks
Igneous
Lava
Magma
Intrusive
Rocks formed from melted rock that has cooled and solidified.
Melted rock found above Earth's surface
Melted rock found below Earth's surface
Igneous rocks formed below Earth's surface. They have large,…
Igneous
Rocks formed from melted rock that has cooled and solidified.
Lava
Melted rock found above Earth's surface
16 terms
Igneous Rocks
Igneous
Crystallization
Lava
Magma
Rocks formed from melted rock that cools and forms crystals
The process of crystals forming
Melted rock found above Earth's surface
Melted rock found below Earth's surface
Igneous
Rocks formed from melted rock that cools and forms crystals
Crystallization
The process of crystals forming
16 terms
Igneous Rocks
extrusive rock
volcanic glass
intrusive rock
obsidian
when volcanic material erupts and cools and crystallizes on E…
rock that forms when lava cools too quickly to form crystals
forms as magma cools underground
extrusive; volcanic glass
extrusive rock
when volcanic material erupts and cools and crystallizes on E…
volcanic glass
rock that forms when lava cools too quickly to form crystals
11 terms
Igneous rocks
Igneous Rocks
Andesite
Basalt
Diorite
...
Igneous Rocks
...
Andesite
21 terms
Igneous Rocks
vesicular basalt
obsidian
granite porphyry
diorite
fine grained, vesicular, mafic, extrusive
extrusive, glassy, no vesicles, rapid cooling of lava
coarse grained, felsic, quartz present, some grains are large
intrusive, coarse grained, intermediate, black and white
vesicular basalt
fine grained, vesicular, mafic, extrusive
obsidian
extrusive, glassy, no vesicles, rapid cooling of lava
12 terms
Igneous Rocks
Obsidian
Rhyolite
Granite
Andesite
Obsidian
Rhyolite
20 terms
Igneous Rocks
Rocks exposed in national parks tell u…
What are the 3 basic types of rocks?
Igneous Rocks are created how?
Sedimentary Rocks are created how?
1. Igneous Rocks... 2. Sedimentary Rocks... 3. Metamorphic Rocks
When molten liquid cools and solidifies
When ice, wind, and water ERODE and transport particles of ro…
Rocks exposed in national parks tell u…
What are the 3 basic types of rocks?
1. Igneous Rocks... 2. Sedimentary Rocks... 3. Metamorphic Rocks
10 terms
Igneous rocks
rhyolite
granite
pumice
andesite
Composition: Felsic ... Texture: Fine-grained ... Minerals: Quartz,…
Composition: Felsic ... Texture: Coarse-grained ... Minerals: Quart…
Composition: Felsic ... Texture: vesicular ... Minerals: Quartz, Na…
Composition: Intermediate ... Texture: Fine-grained (can be porp…
rhyolite
Composition: Felsic ... Texture: Fine-grained ... Minerals: Quartz,…
granite
Composition: Felsic ... Texture: Coarse-grained ... Minerals: Quart…
Igneous Rocks
Granite
Diorite
Gabbro
Peridotite
Texture: Phaneritic ... Composition: Felsic ... Large Crystals
Texture: Phaneritic ... Composition: Intermediate ... Large Crystals
Texture: Phaneritic ... Composition: Mafic... Large Crystals
Texture: Phaneritic ... Composition: Ultramafic... Large Crystals
Granite
Texture: Phaneritic ... Composition: Felsic ... Large Crystals
Diorite
Texture: Phaneritic ... Composition: Intermediate ... Large Crystals
Igneous Rocks
Magma.
Intrusive.
Extrusive igneous
Lava
The molten material deep inside Earth form which igneous rock…
When magma cools deep inside Earth, _____ igneous rocks are f…
Lava that cools quickly forms _____ rocks.
Liquid magma that reaches the surface ______.
Magma.
The molten material deep inside Earth form which igneous rock…
Intrusive.
When magma cools deep inside Earth, _____ igneous rocks are f…
27 terms
Igneous rocks
GRANITE
GRANITE
GRANITE
DIORITE
Light colors/white/gray/reddish or yellow... Grains vary in size…
Quartz ... Orthoclase
Phaneritic... Phaneritic porphyritic
White to nearly black... Granular... Like GABBRO... Salt n pepper
GRANITE
Light colors/white/gray/reddish or yellow... Grains vary in size…
GRANITE
Quartz ... Orthoclase
8 terms
Igneous Rocks
Rhyolite
Andesite
Basalt
Granite
Volcanic; Felsic
Intermediate; volcanic
Mafic; Volcanic
Felsic; Plutonic
Rhyolite
Volcanic; Felsic
Andesite
Intermediate; volcanic
10 terms
Igneous rocks
glassy
porphyritic extrusive
coarse-grained
phenocrysts
extrusive... fast cooling
fine-grained... 2 cooling phases, 1 fast
intrusive... slow cooling
large minerals
glassy
extrusive... fast cooling
porphyritic extrusive
fine-grained... 2 cooling phases, 1 fast
10 terms
Igneous Rocks
Obsidian
Pumice
Basalt
Gabbro
Texture: glassy... Cooling history: very fast cooling... Minerals:…
Texture: glassy, vesicular... Cooling history: very fast cooling…
Texture: aphanitic... Cooling history: fast cooling (small XI)... M…
Texture: phaneritic... Cooling history: slow cooling (large XI)…
Obsidian
Texture: glassy... Cooling history: very fast cooling... Minerals:…
Pumice
Texture: glassy, vesicular... Cooling history: very fast cooling…
11 terms
Igneous Rocks
intrusive rock
basalt
lava
granite
Igneous rocks formed when magma cools and hardens beneath the…
Most common extrusive igneous rock.
Liquid magma that reaches the surface.
Most common intrusive igneous rock.
intrusive rock
Igneous rocks formed when magma cools and hardens beneath the…
basalt
Most common extrusive igneous rock.
10 terms
Igneous Rocks
Granite
Diorite
Gabbro
Dunite
Felsic, phaneritic/crystalline, medium-coarse grained, contai…
Intermediate, phaneritic/crystalline, contains plagioclase an…
Mafic, phaneritic/crystalline, dark coloured with splotches o…
Ultramafic, phaneritic/crystalline, green coloured, contains…
Granite
Felsic, phaneritic/crystalline, medium-coarse grained, contai…
Diorite
Intermediate, phaneritic/crystalline, contains plagioclase an…
Igneous Rocks
Silicate
Lava
Igneous Rock
Partial Melting
Mineral that contains silicon and oxygen, and usually one or…
Magma that flows out onto Earth's Surface
Intrusive or extrusive rock formed from the cooling and cryst…
Process in which different minerals melt into magma at differ…
Silicate
Mineral that contains silicon and oxygen, and usually one or…
Lava
Magma that flows out onto Earth's Surface
Rocks: Igneous
67. Andesite
68. Basalt
69. Diorite
70. Gabbro
67. Andesite
68. Basalt
Igneous Rocks
Volcanic Cinder
Porphyry
Basalt
Granite
T: Extrusive k: igneous
T: intrusive k: igneous
T: Extrusive k: igneous
T: intrusive k: igneous
Volcanic Cinder
T: Extrusive k: igneous
Porphyry
T: intrusive k: igneous
15 terms
Igneous Rocks
Origin, Texture, Mineral Composition
Minerals
Extrusive Igneous Rocks
Basalt
How are igneous rocks classified?
All rocks are made of__________
Igneous rocks that form from lava erupting onto the Earth's s…
An example of an extrusive igneous rock
Origin, Texture, Mineral Composition
How are igneous rocks classified?
Minerals
All rocks are made of__________
17 terms
Igneous Rocks
Igneous
magma
lava
volcano
having to do with fire
melted rock under the ground
melted rock on top of the ground
one kind of mountain
Igneous
having to do with fire
magma
melted rock under the ground
12 terms
Igneous rocks
Igneous
Pegmatite
bassalt
Andesite
...
Igneous
...
Pegmatite
Igneous Rocks
Intrusive
Extrusive
Porphyritic
Granitic Composition
igneous rock that is formed below Earth's surface
igneous rock that is formed on the Earth's surface
texture containing both large and small crystal sizes
composed mainly of light colored silicates
Intrusive
igneous rock that is formed below Earth's surface
Extrusive
igneous rock that is formed on the Earth's surface
10 terms
Igneous rocks
Diorite- Intrusive, Granitic
Gabbro- intrusive, basaltic
Granite- Intrusive, Graitic
Porphyritic Andesite- Intrusive, Andes…
(more reddish)
Diorite- Intrusive, Granitic
Gabbro- intrusive, basaltic
15 terms
Igneous Rocks
Intrusive
Intrusive
Intrusive
Intrusive
formed underground
coarse grained
magma
large crystal size
Intrusive
formed underground
Intrusive
coarse grained
18 terms
igneous rocks
peridotite
basalt
rhyolite
gabbro
it contains olivine, so it is ultra mafic. phaneritic
aphantic and mafic
Aphantic, felsic
phaneritic, mafic
peridotite
it contains olivine, so it is ultra mafic. phaneritic
basalt
aphantic and mafic
37 terms
Igneous Rocks
Granite
Granite
Granite
Volcanic Breccia
Granite
Granite
10 terms
Igneous Rocks
extrusive rock
intrusive rock
porphyritic texture
obsidian
formed at the surface of the Earth
formed beneath the surface of the Earth
a rock with large crystals scattered on a background of much…
extrusive granitic igneous rock with glassy texture
extrusive rock
formed at the surface of the Earth
intrusive rock
formed beneath the surface of the Earth
13 terms
igneous rocks
phaneritic
aphanitic
porphyritic
vesicular
coarse texture
fine grained
The texture of igneous rocks that form when slow cooled cours…
igneous rock texture that has air bubbles, large minerals, an…
phaneritic
coarse texture
aphanitic
fine grained
Igneous Rocks
volcanic
plutonic
intrusive
extrusive
Igneous rocks forming at Earth's surface. An opening at the s…
Igneous rocks forming deep underground. "of the Earth".
Igneous rocks cooling deep underground.
Igneous rocks cooling at or near Earth's surface.
volcanic
Igneous rocks forming at Earth's surface. An opening at the s…
plutonic
Igneous rocks forming deep underground. "of the Earth".
Igneous Rocks
Obsidian
Pumice
Rhyolite
Andesite
-Extrusive Environment (Volcanic) ... -Usually black ... -Felsic Co…
-Extrusive Environment (Volcanic)... -Light on color ... -Felsic Co…
-Extrusive Environment (Volcanic) .... -Light in color ... -Felsic…
-Extrusive Environment (Volcanic) ... -Intermediate Color ... -Inte…
Obsidian
-Extrusive Environment (Volcanic) ... -Usually black ... -Felsic Co…
Pumice
-Extrusive Environment (Volcanic)... -Light on color ... -Felsic Co…
21 terms
Igneous Rocks
Pumice
Vesicular basalt
Porphyritic rhyolite
Granite
This rock is glassy and light in weight.
This rock is fine-grained, mafic and contains holes.
This rock is felsic, fine grained and contains some crystals…
This rock contains plag., quartz and muscovite and/or biotite.
Pumice
This rock is glassy and light in weight.
Vesicular basalt
This rock is fine-grained, mafic and contains holes.
10 terms
IGNEOUS ROCKS
Basaltic
Granitic
Andesitic
porphyritic
Dark, Heavy, and dense
light colored and light weight
mix of light and dark colors
both large and small grains
Basaltic
Dark, Heavy, and dense
Granitic
light colored and light weight
Igneous Rocks
non-crystalline, glassy, non-vesicular…
Same thing as obsidian except mafic
Extrusive, non-crystalline, glassy, ve…
Non-crystalline, glassy texture, vesic…
obsidian
Basaltic glass
pumice
Scoria
non-crystalline, glassy, non-vesicular…
obsidian
Same thing as obsidian except mafic
Basaltic glass
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