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Study sets matching "ii biology tri"

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Study sets matching "ii biology tri"

141 terms
Tri 2- Biology Final
Yellow Lens
Blue Lens
White Lens
Ribosome
100x Magnification; 200 u.m. FOV
400x Magnification; 500 u.m. FOV
1000x Magnification; 2,000 u.m. FOV
Organelle function is to produce proteins and is found in bot…
Yellow Lens
100x Magnification; 200 u.m. FOV
Blue Lens
400x Magnification; 500 u.m. FOV
33 terms
Tri 2- Biology Final
Yellow Lens
Blue Lens
White Lens
Ribosome
100x Magnification; 200 u.m. FOV
400x Magnification; 500 u.m. FOV
1000x Magnification; 2,000 u.m. FOV
Organelle function is to produce proteins and is found in bot…
Yellow Lens
100x Magnification; 200 u.m. FOV
Blue Lens
400x Magnification; 500 u.m. FOV
35 terms
biology final Tri 2
list 3 phases of interphase and what h…
Why does the cell need to replicate it…
what are the 4 phases of mitosis, what…
why does mitosis have to happen before…
G1 : cell grows and produces more organelles. ... s : DNA is rep…
so both cells have a complete set of chromosomes
1) prophase - chromosomes form, centrioles separate to form s…
so each cell has a full set of chromosomes
list 3 phases of interphase and what h…
G1 : cell grows and produces more organelles. ... s : DNA is rep…
Why does the cell need to replicate it…
so both cells have a complete set of chromosomes
18 terms
Biology Terms Tri.2
Amphi
Angio
Arthro
Avi, orni
Both sides
Vessel, container
Joint
Bird
Amphi
Both sides
Angio
Vessel, container
66 terms
Biology Tri 2
Karyotype
Sex chromosome
Autosome
Pedigree
A picture of chromosomes arranged into pairs
The 2 chromosomes out of 46 that determine an individual's se…
The other 44 chromosomes that do not determine an organisms sex
Chart that shows the family tree with a trait
Karyotype
A picture of chromosomes arranged into pairs
Sex chromosome
The 2 chromosomes out of 46 that determine an individual's se…
15 terms
Biology- Tri 2 final
cell theory states... 1) all living thing…
prokaryotes vs eukaryotes
lysosomes
chloroplasts
1) cells... 2) basic unit of structure/function... 3) existing cells
prokaryotes do not enclose dna in nucleus... eukaryotes encloses…
-remove junk in cells... -break down macromolecules... -break down…
converts solar energy into chemical energy
cell theory states... 1) all living thing…
1) cells... 2) basic unit of structure/function... 3) existing cells
prokaryotes vs eukaryotes
prokaryotes do not enclose dna in nucleus... eukaryotes encloses…
156 terms
Biology Final (Tri 2)
What are Homologous Chromosomes?
What are Somatic Cells?
What are Gametes?
What does Meiosis do to Diploid cells?
Chromosomes of the Same size and Shape, but may have differen…
Body Cells ... Diploid ... 2 sets of Chromosomes
Male and Female Sex Cells ... Haploid ... 1 set of Chromosomes
Cuts them in half... From and Diploid to a haploid
What are Homologous Chromosomes?
Chromosomes of the Same size and Shape, but may have differen…
What are Somatic Cells?
Body Cells ... Diploid ... 2 sets of Chromosomes
99 terms
Biology Tri 2 Final
Genetics
Dominant Genes
Recessive Genes
Heterozygous
Study of genes
More common, Only need one to show up. Upper Case.
Less common. Need 2 to show up. Lower Case.
Different
Genetics
Study of genes
Dominant Genes
More common, Only need one to show up. Upper Case.
40 terms
Biology tri-2 vocab
trachea
Larynx
Bronchioles
Lungs
The tube extending from the larynx to the bronchi, serving as…
A muscular and cartilaginous structure lined with mucus membr…
A small branch of Bronchus
Each of the pair of organs, consisting of elastic sacs, which…
trachea
The tube extending from the larynx to the bronchi, serving as…
Larynx
A muscular and cartilaginous structure lined with mucus membr…
174 terms
AP Biology Tri 2
Fossils
Comparative Anatomy
Vestigial Structures
Comparative Embryology
Preserved remains or traces of once-living organisms... -Most of…
The more closely related organisms are, the more body structu…
Organs that appear because the DNA codes for them, no functio…
The more related organisms are, the longer their developing e…
Fossils
Preserved remains or traces of once-living organisms... -Most of…
Comparative Anatomy
The more closely related organisms are, the more body structu…
32 terms
Biology Tri 2
Evolution
Theory
Charles Darwin
Lyell
When modern organisms have descended from ancient organisms
A well supported testable explanation of a phenomena that hav…
The father of Evolution, wrote "On The Origin Of Species"
Same geological processes now were the same processes that we…
Evolution
When modern organisms have descended from ancient organisms
Theory
A well supported testable explanation of a phenomena that hav…
101 terms
Biology Tri 2 Vocab
Replication
DNA Polymerase
Telomeres
Cell Division
When a cell duplicates its DNA
The molecule that binds together the new bases when replicati…
The tips of chromosomes
When a cell divides to form two daughter cells
Replication
When a cell duplicates its DNA
DNA Polymerase
The molecule that binds together the new bases when replicati…
88 terms
Tri-2 Biology Vocab
Cell
Cell theory
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, t…
cell theory is a scientific theory which describes the proper…
the semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cell.
the central and most important part of an object, movement, o…
Cell
the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, t…
Cell theory
cell theory is a scientific theory which describes the proper…
20 terms
Tri 2 Biology
Diploid
Synthesis
Aerobic
Anaerobic
Go through division(somatic cell)
S
Cell respiration with air
Cell respiration without air
Diploid
Go through division(somatic cell)
Synthesis
S
17 terms
Biology Tri 2 -- Meiosis
haploid
diploid
somatic cells
gametes
an organism or cell having only one complete set of chromosomes
an organism or cell having two sets of chromosomes or twice t…
body cells
Sex cells
haploid
an organism or cell having only one complete set of chromosomes
diploid
an organism or cell having two sets of chromosomes or twice t…
16 terms
biology tri 2 respiratory system
trachea
larynx
bronchioles
lungs
tube (windpipe), which serves as the principal passage for co…
upper part of trachea which is where the vocal chords are loc…
tiny branch of air tubes within the lungs which is a continua…
pair of breathing organs that remove carbon dioxide from the…
trachea
tube (windpipe), which serves as the principal passage for co…
larynx
upper part of trachea which is where the vocal chords are loc…
82 terms
Biology Tri 2 FINAL
Paleontologist
Index fossil
Radiometric dating
Relative dating
someone who studies ancient life such as fossil layers and wh…
a fossil that is easy to identify and whose timeline is well…
use of radioactive isotopes with known half lives to date par…
comparing fossils with other known ones or comparing sequence…
Paleontologist
someone who studies ancient life such as fossil layers and wh…
Index fossil
a fossil that is easy to identify and whose timeline is well…
21 terms
Tri 2 Biology Exam
Phases of the cell cycle
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
G1-Growth... S-Synthesis (copying DNA)... G2-Growth... Mitosis-Prophas…
Centrioles move toward poles, nuclear membrane disappears
Centrioles at opposite poles, chromosomes in Middle, spindle…
Chromosomes pulled up to poles as spindle fibers shorten
Phases of the cell cycle
G1-Growth... S-Synthesis (copying DNA)... G2-Growth... Mitosis-Prophas…
Prophase
Centrioles move toward poles, nuclear membrane disappears
55 terms
biology final tri 2
What are the 4 characteristics of livi…
Homeostasis
Adaptation
Ion
1. make cells... 2. grow and reproduce... 3. obtain and use energy…
regulation and maintenance of constant internal conditions in…
-inherited trait that is selected for over time because it al…
atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons
What are the 4 characteristics of livi…
1. make cells... 2. grow and reproduce... 3. obtain and use energy…
Homeostasis
regulation and maintenance of constant internal conditions in…
10 terms
TRI 2 BIOLOGY FINAL
Compare and contrast organelles in euk…
The difference between prokaryotic and…
Difference between plant and animal ce…
Purpose of a cell wall in plants
Eukaryotic: enclose their dna in nucleus... Prokaryotic: cells…
Prokaryotic cells don't separate their genetic material withi…
Animal cells: centriole: round,small vacuoles ... Plant cells:c…
Surrounds the cell; keeps the shape
Compare and contrast organelles in euk…
Eukaryotic: enclose their dna in nucleus... Prokaryotic: cells…
The difference between prokaryotic and…
Prokaryotic cells don't separate their genetic material withi…
20 terms
Biology final Tri 2
ROLE OF MEIOSIS IN SEXUAL REPRODUCTION
COMPARE MITOSIS AND MEIOSIS
COMPARE TRAITS, GENES AND ALLELES
WHAT ARE DOMINANT AND RECESSIVE TRAITS
makes genetic variation
mitosis-geneticaly identical, 2 new cells meiosis-geneticaly…
trait-characteristic, allele-alternate form of a gene
dominate masks the other gene, capital letter. resesive gene…
ROLE OF MEIOSIS IN SEXUAL REPRODUCTION
makes genetic variation
COMPARE MITOSIS AND MEIOSIS
mitosis-geneticaly identical, 2 new cells meiosis-geneticaly…
113 terms
biology tri 2 test
Biology
Living Things are Composed of Cells:... L…
adaptation
control
The study of life
What are the characteristics of living things?
A trait that helps an organism survive and reproduce
In an experiment, the standard that is used for comparison
Biology
The study of life
Living Things are Composed of Cells:... L…
What are the characteristics of living things?
23 terms
Biology Test tri 2
ATP
Heterotroph
Autotroph
Photosynthesis
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
An organism that cannot make its own food.
An organism that makes its own food
Plants use the sun's energy to convert water and carbon dioxi…
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
Heterotroph
An organism that cannot make its own food.
51 terms
Biology Tri 2 FINAL
Paleontologist
Index fossil
Radiometric dating
Relative dating
someone who studies ancient life such as fossil layers and wh…
a fossil that is easy to identify and whose timeline is well…
use of radioactive isotopes with known half lives to date par…
comparing fossils with other known ones or comparing sequence…
Paleontologist
someone who studies ancient life such as fossil layers and wh…
Index fossil
a fossil that is easy to identify and whose timeline is well…
19 terms
Biology final tri 2
Meiosis
Another name for a gamete cell
What happens in meiosis
How many homologous chromosomes do hum…
Process by which the number of chromosomes per cell is cut in…
Sex cell
1 diploid becomes 4 haploid cells
23 pairs
Meiosis
Process by which the number of chromosomes per cell is cut in…
Another name for a gamete cell
Sex cell
21 terms
Biology Tri 2 Final
Compare the organelles in prokaryotic…
Contrast the organelles in prokaryotic…
What is the difference between plant a…
What is the purpose of having a cell w…
Both have DNA, membranes, and contain ribosomes
pro~ reproduce quickly, small, no nucleus, simple, and have c…
Animal~ have small vacuoles, round, and have a centriole... plan…
to support and protect the cell
Compare the organelles in prokaryotic…
Both have DNA, membranes, and contain ribosomes
Contrast the organelles in prokaryotic…
pro~ reproduce quickly, small, no nucleus, simple, and have c…
21 terms
biology tri 2 immune system
pathogen
passive immunity
active immunity
nonspecific response
a bacteria, virus or microorganism that causes disease
short term immunity that results from the introduction of ant…
immunity in an organism resulting from its own production of…
A first-time encounter with an antigen elicits a nonspecific…
pathogen
a bacteria, virus or microorganism that causes disease
passive immunity
short term immunity that results from the introduction of ant…
22 terms
Biology tri 2 final
Location and function of Nucleus
Location and function of vacuole
Location and function of lysosomes
Which is compared to a garbage disposal?
Store cells DNA, center of eukaryotes (plant and animal)
Inside cytoplasm in plants and animals (size dif tho), stores…
Inside cytoplasm of both animal and plant, contains degrading…
Lysosomes
Location and function of Nucleus
Store cells DNA, center of eukaryotes (plant and animal)
Location and function of vacuole
Inside cytoplasm in plants and animals (size dif tho), stores…
39 terms
Biology tri 2 final
What are the 3 phases of interphase?
Describe Gap 1
Describe Gap 2
Describe S (synthesis)
Gap 1, Gap 2, and S (synthesis)
Cell grows and produces more organelles
Cell grows and makes final preparations for division
DNA is replicated
What are the 3 phases of interphase?
Gap 1, Gap 2, and S (synthesis)
Describe Gap 1
Cell grows and produces more organelles
13 terms
Biology tri 2 ch 22
Gas Exchange
Gills
Tracheal System
Lungs
the interchanging the oxygen and carbon dioxide
the outfoldings in a fish's body specialized for gas exchange
extensive system of branching internal tubes
internal sacs used for breathing in most land animals
Gas Exchange
the interchanging the oxygen and carbon dioxide
Gills
the outfoldings in a fish's body specialized for gas exchange
40 terms
Biology tri 2 ch 21
Ingestion
Digestion
Absorption
Elimination
the act of eating
the act of breaking down food into smaller molecules
the act of cells absorbing the nutrients from the broken down…
the act of undigested, unwanted food leaving the body
Ingestion
the act of eating
Digestion
the act of breaking down food into smaller molecules
33 terms
Biology tri 2 ch 23
Circulatory System
Heart
Blood
Open Circulatory System
system of internal transport in most vertebrates
circulatory pump
circulatory fluid
type of internal transport in which fluid is pumped through o…
Circulatory System
system of internal transport in most vertebrates
Heart
circulatory pump
31 terms
Biology tri 2 ch 24
Pathogens
Immune System
Innate Immunity
Phagocytosis
infectious agents that cause disease
system that prevents disease in your body
the first line of defeanse against foreign invaders
engulfing and destroying of foreign substances
Pathogens
infectious agents that cause disease
Immune System
system that prevents disease in your body
14 terms
Tri 2 Biology Chapter 5
Mitosis
Cell Cycle
Chromosome
Histone
Process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
Pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
Long, continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous gene…
Protein that organizes chromosomes and around which DNA wraps.
Mitosis
Process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
Cell Cycle
Pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
12 terms
Biology Chapter 7 TRI 2
Solvent
Solute
Osmosis
Isotonic
the one doing the dissolving(water)
the substance to be dissolved(sugar)
diffusion of water across a membrane
a solution whose solute concentration outside of the cell is…
Solvent
the one doing the dissolving(water)
Solute
the substance to be dissolved(sugar)
88 terms
BIOLOGY TRI 2 FINAL EXAM
Name the four organic compounds essent…
Carbohydrate
Nucleic Acid
Protien
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen.
Name the four organic compounds essent…
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen.
Carbohydrate
50 terms
Biology tri 2 ch 23
Circulatory System
Internal Transport
Heart
Blood
(aka cardiovascular system) This system works as the transpor…
assists diffusion by moving materials between surfaces of the…
Muscular pump of the circulatory system
Fluid of the circulatory system
Circulatory System
(aka cardiovascular system) This system works as the transpor…
Internal Transport
assists diffusion by moving materials between surfaces of the…
37 terms
biology final exam tri 2
what does a vacuole do
Lysosome
ribosomes
endoplasmic reticulum
stores nutrients and breaks down waste
removes the junk
makes proteins
transports proteins into the golgi apparatus
what does a vacuole do
stores nutrients and breaks down waste
Lysosome
removes the junk
30 terms
Biology- unit 2- TRI 3
Genetics
Genes
Alleles
Dominate allele
Scientific study of heredity
sequence of DNA that is expressed as a trait
possible form of a gene can be dominate or recessive
more influential allele in the pairing, results in dominate p…
Genetics
Scientific study of heredity
Genes
sequence of DNA that is expressed as a trait
12 terms
Tri 2 Biology Set 2
bilayer
hydrophilic
hydrophobic
diffusion
two layers
water loving
water fearing or water repelling
the movement of molecules from an area where they are more co…
bilayer
two layers
hydrophilic
water loving
74 terms
AP Biology Tri 2 Final
Plant responses to herbivory.
Auxin
Ethylene
Cytokinins
Thorns, toxins, recruiting predatory animals.
Cell growth/elongation and stem length.
Abscission and fruit ripening.
Cell differentiation and cytokineses.
Plant responses to herbivory.
Thorns, toxins, recruiting predatory animals.
Auxin
Cell growth/elongation and stem length.
20 terms
Biology tri 2 topics to review
Describe the mechanics of breathing
trace the path of an air molecule into…
what is the difference between breathi…
how does oxygen get to the cells of th…
The action of breathing in and out is due to changes of press…
goes in through the nasal cavity or mouth...down through the…
Breathing is the mechanical process that pulls air in and out…
Oxygen is diffused from the alveoli, and is carried by red bl…
Describe the mechanics of breathing
The action of breathing in and out is due to changes of press…
trace the path of an air molecule into…
goes in through the nasal cavity or mouth...down through the…
11 terms
Tri 2 Biology A Chapter 1
Biology
Organisms
Cell
Control Group
The study of all living things
Any individual living thing
Basic unit of life
Set up exactly like the experimental subjects except for the…
Biology
The study of all living things
Organisms
Any individual living thing
20 terms
Tri 2 Biology Set 4
stomata
phloem
light reactions
H2O
pores on the cell where O2 exits and CO2 enters
a tissue in the plant that carries glucose from the leaves to…
the first of two major stages of photosynthesis (preceding th…
H2 + O2 --> H2O ... What is produced during this process?
stomata
pores on the cell where O2 exits and CO2 enters
phloem
a tissue in the plant that carries glucose from the leaves to…
11 terms
Tri 2 Biology Set 3
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
chloroplasts
nucleus
cell membrane
one of the first scientists to observe microorganisms like ba…
not found in animal cells
control center of the cell
controls what goes in and out of a cell
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
one of the first scientists to observe microorganisms like ba…
chloroplasts
not found in animal cells
29 terms
Biology Root Words Tri 2
Cyt-
Dia-
Endo-
Ex-, Exo-
Cell... Cytology
Through... Dialysis (separating molecules by passing through a…
Inner, inside ... Endoplasm (cytoplasm within the cell membrane)
From or outer, outside of... Exoskeleton
Cyt-
Cell... Cytology
Dia-
Through... Dialysis (separating molecules by passing through a…
12 terms
Tri 2 Biology Set 1
cell membrane
cytoplasm
cytoskeleton
nucleus
separates the cell's contents from its environment, acts as a…
semi-fluid substance made of water and organic compounds, org…
gives support, shape, transports materials around the cell
contains most of the cell's genetic material
cell membrane
separates the cell's contents from its environment, acts as a…
cytoplasm
semi-fluid substance made of water and organic compounds, org…
26 terms
biology sharpe tri 2 vocab
allele
diploid
dominant
gamete
a factor or various form of a gene
a cell with 46 chromosomes
when an allele masks or covers over another form of that trait
a haploid sex cell; sperm + egg; made during meiosis
allele
a factor or various form of a gene
diploid
a cell with 46 chromosomes
131 terms
Honors Biology Tri 2 Exam
Biosphere
Species
Population
Community
part of Earth in which life exists (land, water, and air)
group of individuals who choose to reproduce with another, re…
group of individuals of same species living in same area
assemblage of different populations that live together in a d…
Biosphere
part of Earth in which life exists (land, water, and air)
Species
group of individuals who choose to reproduce with another, re…
15 terms
Biology Tri 2 -- Mendelian Genetics
dominant
recessive
heterozygous
homozygous
Describes a trait that covers over another form of that trait.
An allele that is masked when a dominant allele is present
An organism that has two different alleles for a trait
An organism that has two identical alleles for a trait
dominant
Describes a trait that covers over another form of that trait.
recessive
An allele that is masked when a dominant allele is present
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