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Study sets matching "ii energy environmental science"

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Study sets matching "ii energy environmental science"

11 terms
Environmental Science 2 (energy)
energy role
producer
consumer
decomposer
the role an organism plays in its ecosystem
an organism that makes it's own food (plant)
an organism that obtains energy by eating
an organism that breaks down waste and dead organisms to retu…
energy role
the role an organism plays in its ecosystem
producer
an organism that makes it's own food (plant)
24 terms
Unit 2-Energy: Environmental Science
Fossil Fuel
Petroleum
Oil Reserves
Nuclear Energy
A nonrenewable energy resource formed from the remains of org…
A liquid mixture of complex hydrocarbon compounds; used widel…
Oil deposits that are discovered and are in commercial produc…
The energy released by a fission or fusion reaction; the bind…
Fossil Fuel
A nonrenewable energy resource formed from the remains of org…
Petroleum
A liquid mixture of complex hydrocarbon compounds; used widel…
18 terms
Environmental Science energy production
Fossil Fuels
Coal
Petroleum
Natural Gas
energy sources made from ancient plants and algae
A fossil fuel that is a black rock we burn to get energy
A liquid fossil fuel that we use to make gasoline and several…
A gas found underground, usually with petroleum, that can be…
Fossil Fuels
energy sources made from ancient plants and algae
Coal
A fossil fuel that is a black rock we burn to get energy
8 terms
Environmental Science - Conventional Energy Resources (2)
organically
sediment load
sedimentary rocks
bacteria
Most geologists hypothesize that oil originated _________, li…
Organisms that died in or near water became part of the _____…
As layers of sediment accumulated, they were pressed down by…
Little oxygen reached the layers of organic matter, and _____…
organically
Most geologists hypothesize that oil originated _________, li…
sediment load
Organisms that died in or near water became part of the _____…
24 terms
Environmental Science: Resources and Energy
environmental science
natural resource
pollution
biodiversity
the study of the air, water, and land surrounding an organism…
any natural material that is used by humans, such as water, p…
an undesirable change in the natural environment that is caus…
the variety of organisms in a given area, the genetic variati…
environmental science
the study of the air, water, and land surrounding an organism…
natural resource
any natural material that is used by humans, such as water, p…
9 terms
Environmental Science - Alternative Energy Resources (2)
biofuels
ethanol
geothermal energy
hydroelectric power
Advantages: ... 1) burns more cleanly than gasoline
Advantages:... 1) Burns more cleanly than gasoline... 2) Mixes with…
Disadvantages:... 1) Available only in favorable places... 2) Not t…
Advantages:... 1) Nonpolluting... 2) Supplies water and recreation…
biofuels
Advantages: ... 1) burns more cleanly than gasoline
ethanol
Advantages:... 1) Burns more cleanly than gasoline... 2) Mixes with…
89 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 2: Science, Systems, Matter and Energy
Science
Scientific Process
Scientific Theory
3 most important features of scientifi…
An attempt to discover order in the natural world and to use…
-Ask a question or identify a problem to be investigated... -Col…
A well-tested and widely-accepted scientific hypothesis
Skepticism... Peer Review... Reproductability
Science
An attempt to discover order in the natural world and to use…
Scientific Process
-Ask a question or identify a problem to be investigated... -Col…
12 terms
Ch. 2 Section 1 ENERGY FLOW IN ECOSYSTEMS (environmental science)
producer
consumer
herbivore
carnivore
organism that makes its own food by the process of photosynth…
organism that obtains its energy from by feeding on other org…
consumer that eats only plants
consumer that eats only other animals
producer
organism that makes its own food by the process of photosynth…
consumer
organism that obtains its energy from by feeding on other org…
8 terms
Environmental Science Acosta Energy
Biomass Fuel
When bacteria decompose organic wastes…
Cars and trucks can run on ethanol or…
Hydroelectric Energy
consists of plant material, manure, or any other organic matt…
methane
gasohol (alcohol)
is electrical energy produced by falling water.
Biomass Fuel
consists of plant material, manure, or any other organic matt…
When bacteria decompose organic wastes…
methane
44 terms
Chap 1 and 2: Environmental Problems and Science, Systems and Energy
Exponential Growth
Ecology
Sustainability
Environmentally sustainable society
Growth that occurs when a fixed percentage of new people is a…
The branch of biology that deals with the relations of organi…
A set of policies or practices by which societies can ensure…
Society that meets the current and future needs of its people…
Exponential Growth
Growth that occurs when a fixed percentage of new people is a…
Ecology
The branch of biology that deals with the relations of organi…
18 terms
ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE ENERGY RESOURCES
Natural Resource
Renewable Resource
Nonrenewable Resource
Recycling
Any natural matterial that is used by humans such as water,pe…
A natural resource that can be replaced at the same rate at w…
A resource that forms at a rate that is much slower than the…
The process of recovering valuable or useful materials from w…
Natural Resource
Any natural matterial that is used by humans such as water,pe…
Renewable Resource
A natural resource that can be replaced at the same rate at w…
19 terms
ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE Module 2(Renewable Energy)
Renewable Energy
Solar Energy can be found?
Geothermal Energy can be found?
Wind Energy can be found?
Energy that comes from resources that can be replenished with…
Barbados and widespread Caribbean
Guadeloupe, Montserrat, Dominica, St. Lucia, Nevis, Grenada
Jamaica
Renewable Energy
Energy that comes from resources that can be replenished with…
Solar Energy can be found?
Barbados and widespread Caribbean
59 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 12/13 (Energy)
Chapter 12
Nonrenewable
Fossil fuels
Nuclear Fuels
...
Once they're gone, there's no more
Derived from biological material that became fossilized milli…
Derived from radioactive materials that give off energy
Chapter 12
...
Nonrenewable
Once they're gone, there's no more
22 terms
AP Environmental Science: Energy
energy
United States
Globally
Units
=
37% oil, 23% coal, 24% natural gas, 7% renewable, 9% nuclear
20% of the world's population uses 70% of the energy:... 34% oil…
1 calorie = 4.1800 J... 1 BTU = 1055 J... 1 KWH = 3,600,00 J (3.6 MJ)
energy
=
United States
37% oil, 23% coal, 24% natural gas, 7% renewable, 9% nuclear
31 terms
AP Environmental Science - Energy Consumption
A
D
C
C
Compared with the "Calorie" unit that gauges food energy how…
Carrying an apple across the room and bringing a pot of water…
Which of the following is best described as storage of potent…
Work performed per unit of time is called... A. energy... B. poten…
A
Compared with the "Calorie" unit that gauges food energy how…
D
Carrying an apple across the room and bringing a pot of water…
35 terms
Environmental Science: Energy
Uranium-235
Meltdown
Superinsulation
Photovoltaic Cells, Solar Panels
A radioactive isotope used as fuel in nuclear reactors.
A catastrophic event in a nuclear reactor in which the fuel r…
An aspect of building design in which a building is made so h…
Thin wafers of purified silicon that generate electricity whe…
Uranium-235
A radioactive isotope used as fuel in nuclear reactors.
Meltdown
A catastrophic event in a nuclear reactor in which the fuel r…
66 terms
AP Environmental Science Energy Resources
Nonrenewable energy
Renewable energy
Tiered rate system
CFL (compact fluorescent) light
An energy source with a finite supply, primarily the fossil f…
In energy management, an energy source that is either potenti…
A billing system used by some electric companies in which cus…
use one-fourth as much energy to provide the same amount of l…
Nonrenewable energy
An energy source with a finite supply, primarily the fossil f…
Renewable energy
In energy management, an energy source that is either potenti…
10 terms
Environmental Science: 2.1 Energy Flow in Ecosystem
producer
consumer
herbivore
carnivore
An organism that can make its own food.
An organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms.
A consumer that eats only plants
A consumer that eats only animals.
producer
An organism that can make its own food.
consumer
An organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms.
30 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 2: Science, Systems, Matter and Energy
Scientific Theory
Inductive Reasoning
Deductive Reasoning
Paradigm Shifts
A well-tested and widely-accepted scientific hypothesis
Using specific observations and measurements to arrive at a g…
Using logic to arrive at a specific conclusion based on a gen…
New discoveries and ideas overthrow a well-accepted scientifi…
Scientific Theory
A well-tested and widely-accepted scientific hypothesis
Inductive Reasoning
Using specific observations and measurements to arrive at a g…
25 terms
Environmental science 7th: energy
Alternating current
Amperes
Biomass
Carbon Monoxide
A flow of electric charge that regularly reverses its directi…
the unit for measuring electrical current; the abbreviation i…
A measure of the total dry mass of organisms within a particu…
a colorless, odorless, and poisonous gas
Alternating current
A flow of electric charge that regularly reverses its directi…
Amperes
the unit for measuring electrical current; the abbreviation i…
28 terms
environmental science alternative energy
hydropower
type of way to use hydropower: storage
type of way to use hydropower: run-of-…
type of way to use hydropower: pumped-…
using the kinetic energy of flowing water to turn turbines in…
most common technique. the water that is backed up is allowed…
can create electricity without having to use a reservoir. div…
controls the timing of the flow of water. water is pumped fro…
hydropower
using the kinetic energy of flowing water to turn turbines in…
type of way to use hydropower: storage
most common technique. the water that is backed up is allowed…
29 terms
Energy: H. Environmental Science
What are the three fossil fuels?
How is coal formed?
How is oil and gas formed?
Are fossil fuels limited or unlimited?
Coal, oil, and natural gas
Dead plants
Dead ocean organisms
Limited supply, take millions of years to form, non-renewable
What are the three fossil fuels?
Coal, oil, and natural gas
How is coal formed?
Dead plants
13 terms
Energy - Environmental Science SLO Review
subsurface mining
surface mining
fossil fuel
electric generator
A type of mining in which vertical shafts are dug deep into t…
The extraction of mineral and energy resources near Earth's s…
Coal, oil, natural gas, and other fuels that are ancient rema…
a device that converts mechanical energy into electrical energy
subsurface mining
A type of mining in which vertical shafts are dug deep into t…
surface mining
The extraction of mineral and energy resources near Earth's s…
28 terms
environmental science alternative energy
hydropower
type of way to use hydropower: storage
type of way to use hydropower: run-of-…
type of way to use hydropower: pumped-…
using the kinetic energy of flowing water to turn turbines in…
most common technique. the water that is backed up is allowed…
can create electricity without having to use a reservoir. div…
controls the timing of the flow of water. water is pumped fro…
hydropower
using the kinetic energy of flowing water to turn turbines in…
type of way to use hydropower: storage
most common technique. the water that is backed up is allowed…
24 terms
AP Environmental Science: Energy
Clean Coal
Wood
Coal
Petroleum
Technology that mitigates CO2 emissions that arise from the b…
Most used energy source before the Industrial Revolution
Most used energy source in the Industrial Revolution era
Most used energy source in the 20th and 21st centuries
Clean Coal
Technology that mitigates CO2 emissions that arise from the b…
Wood
Most used energy source before the Industrial Revolution
89 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 2: Science, Systems, Matter and Energy
Science
Scientific Process
Scientific Theory
3 most important features of scientifi…
An attempt to discover order in the natural world and to use…
-Ask a question or identify a problem to be investigated... -Col…
A well-tested and widely-accepted scientific hypothesis
Skepticism... Peer Review... Reproductability
Science
An attempt to discover order in the natural world and to use…
Scientific Process
-Ask a question or identify a problem to be investigated... -Col…
14 terms
Environmental Science Energy Test
energy conservation vs. energy efficie…
rebound effect
energy conservation and energy efficie…
energy conservation and energy efficie…
Energy conservation describes behavioral changes that aim to…
technology makes things energy efficient, and people use MORE…
Seal and insulate the outer walls, ceilings, windows, doors,…
Energy assessments determine industries and businesses could…
energy conservation vs. energy efficie…
Energy conservation describes behavioral changes that aim to…
rebound effect
technology makes things energy efficient, and people use MORE…
12 terms
Environmental Science Chapter 2: Energy Concepts and Consumption
What is Work?
What is the difference between Potenti…
What are the various forms that energy…
Which forms of energy are potential or…
occurs whenever a force is used to push, pull, or lift matter…
Kinetic energy is the energy an object has... because it is movi…
1. thermal energy related... to the temperature of a substance (…
Thermal=kinetic... light=... sound energy=... electrical energy=... chemi…
What is Work?
occurs whenever a force is used to push, pull, or lift matter…
What is the difference between Potenti…
Kinetic energy is the energy an object has... because it is movi…
57 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 2: Science, Systems, Matter and Energy
Science
Scientific Theory
Scientific or natural law
Inductive Reasoning
An attempt to discover order in the natural world and to use…
A well-tested and widely-accepted scientific hypothesis
A description of what we find happening in nature over and ov…
Using specific observations and measurements to arrive at a g…
Science
An attempt to discover order in the natural world and to use…
Scientific Theory
A well-tested and widely-accepted scientific hypothesis
53 terms
Conventional Energy Environmental Science
Work
Energy
Power
1 watt
the application of force over distance, measured joules.
the capacity to do work.
the rate of energy flow or the rate of work done.
1 joule per second
Work
the application of force over distance, measured joules.
Energy
the capacity to do work.
27 terms
Environmental Science: Renewable Energy
Ocean Thermal-Energy Conversion
Tidal Power
Tidal Barrage
Wave Power
1. Most oceans have a thermal gradient between warm upper sur…
Twice-daily rise and fall of tides have lots of energy
1. Dam built across the mouth of a bay.... 2. E. Impacts: traps…
1. Ideal location must recieve wave's force before it hits th…
Ocean Thermal-Energy Conversion
1. Most oceans have a thermal gradient between warm upper sur…
Tidal Power
Twice-daily rise and fall of tides have lots of energy
14 terms
Environmental Science - Energy Test
What is the earth's natural greenhouse…
Climate V. Weather
Describe the correlation between CO2 a…
Greenhouse effect
The earth's natural greenhouse effect warms the earth's lower…
CLIMATE: In short, climate is the description of the long-ter…
...
Some of the energy radiated by the sun is converted to heat w…
What is the earth's natural greenhouse…
The earth's natural greenhouse effect warms the earth's lower…
Climate V. Weather
CLIMATE: In short, climate is the description of the long-ter…
47 terms
Environmental Science Nonrenewable Energy
What continents have the largest depos…
Open-Pit Mining
Strip Mining
Mountaintop Removal
North American, Northern Europe, and Asia
Where large hole are dug and the minerals are removed
Carves away horizontal beds of coal deposit close to the surf…
A method that uses machines and explosives to expose seams of…
What continents have the largest depos…
North American, Northern Europe, and Asia
Open-Pit Mining
Where large hole are dug and the minerals are removed
15 terms
Environmental Science Unit 2 Module 2 - Energy Part 1
kinetic, heat, light(as well as solar)…
work divided by time
Joules (work) and seconds (time)
Work = Force(N) x Distance(m)
What are some forms of energy?
What is the definition of 'power'?
What are the measurements used in calculating power?
How is 'Work' calculated?
kinetic, heat, light(as well as solar)…
What are some forms of energy?
work divided by time
What is the definition of 'power'?
60 terms
Energy (environmental science)
Transportation, buildings, industry an…
Lower individual use, technology advan…
High costs, longer term thinking, good…
Everything requires energy, energy is…
In what 3 ways do we use energy
What are 2 solutions to saving energy?
What are 3 challenges to sustaining and saving energy
Now energy source is completely clean, why?
Transportation, buildings, industry an…
In what 3 ways do we use energy
Lower individual use, technology advan…
What are 2 solutions to saving energy?
25 terms
Environmental Science Vocab: Energy
Energy
Work
Power
Potential energy
The capacity to do work. Common forms of energ are light, ele…
Change associated with the motion or state of matter. Any suc…
Is the rate at which work is done or energy is converted.
The ability to do work that is stored in some chemical or phy…
Energy
The capacity to do work. Common forms of energ are light, ele…
Work
Change associated with the motion or state of matter. Any suc…
170 terms
AP Environmental Science Energy Chapters
Renewable energy
Examples of renewable energy
Nonrenewable energy
Examples of nonrenewable energy
resource that is restored faster than it is consumed
water(globally), wind, solar, geothermal, biomass
resource that is consumed faster than restored
nuclear, fossil fuels
Renewable energy
resource that is restored faster than it is consumed
Examples of renewable energy
water(globally), wind, solar, geothermal, biomass
27 terms
Environmental Science: Energy
Entropy
First Law of Thermodynamics
Second Law of Thermodynamics
Law of Conservation of Matter
Thermodynamic quantity representing the degree of disorder in…
States that the total energy of an isolated system is constan…
States that in a natural thermodynamic process, there is an i…
States that for any system closed to all transfers of matter…
Entropy
Thermodynamic quantity representing the degree of disorder in…
First Law of Thermodynamics
States that the total energy of an isolated system is constan…
40 terms
energy- Environmental Science
20% of the world is highly developed,…
energy efficiency
1. LEDs (20%)... 2. CFLs (10%)... 3. Incande…
from remains of organisms of the ancie…
describe the energy consumption percentages worldwide.
measure of the amount of available energy in a source that ca…
list light bulbs in order of efficiency from greatest to smal…
How do fossil fuels form?
20% of the world is highly developed,…
describe the energy consumption percentages worldwide.
energy efficiency
measure of the amount of available energy in a source that ca…
11 terms
Environmental Science Test #2 (Part 2 / Renewable Energy)
Renewable Energy
Sustainable Energy
Passive Solar Heating
Active Solar Heating (ASH)
Energy that is replenished over short time scales or that are…
Energy sources that are renewable and have a low environmenta…
A system that harvests the sun's energy without using mechani…
A system that harvests the sun's energy and uses pumps or fan…
Renewable Energy
Energy that is replenished over short time scales or that are…
Sustainable Energy
Energy sources that are renewable and have a low environmenta…
41 terms
Energy and Environmental Science
What is potential energy?
What is kinetic energy?
What type of energy is contained in fo…
What type of energy travels through sp…
Energy that an object has because of its position or shape. I…
Energy that an object has due to motion.
Chemical energy; which is potential energy until it is burned.
Electromagnetic energy
What is potential energy?
Energy that an object has because of its position or shape. I…
What is kinetic energy?
Energy that an object has due to motion.
22 terms
Environmental Science Resources and Energy
energy
work
1st law of thermodynamics
2nd law of thermodynamics
the ability to do work
the movement of matter
energy can neither be created nor destroyed, but it can be ch…
when energy is changed from one form to another, some of the…
energy
the ability to do work
work
the movement of matter
11 terms
Environmental science: Matter and Energy
Matter
Energy
Atom
Proton
Any physical substances that has mass occupies space(volume)
The ability to do work
The smallest particle in an element
Positively charged, located in the nucleus
Matter
Any physical substances that has mass occupies space(volume)
Energy
The ability to do work
16 terms
Environmental science matter and energy
Matter
Energy
Atom
Proton
Any physical substance that has mass and occupies space
The ability to do work
The smallest particle that still exhibits the characteristics…
Positively charged. Located in the nucleus
Matter
Any physical substance that has mass and occupies space
Energy
The ability to do work
11 terms
Environmental Science: Energy Vocab
Energy
Kinetic energy
Potential energy
Energy efficiency
The ability to do work or cause a change.... *necessary to do "w…
Due to movement.
Due to position
Expression of how much of the energy put into a system actual…
Energy
The ability to do work or cause a change.... *necessary to do "w…
Kinetic energy
Due to movement.
Energy - Environmental Science
energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
first law of thermodynamics
an exertion of an amount of power
the energy with respect to the motion of the body/particles i…
the energy with the respect of the body or arrangement of the…
the application of the conservation of energy principle to he…
energy
an exertion of an amount of power
kinetic energy
the energy with respect to the motion of the body/particles i…
11 terms
Environmental Science - Chapter 18: Renewable Energy
Renewable energy
Passive solar heating
Active solar heating
Biomass fuel
Energy from sources that are constantly being formed.
The use of sunlight to heat buildings directly.
The gathering of solar energy by collectors that are used to…
Plant material, manure, or any other organic matter that is u…
Renewable energy
Energy from sources that are constantly being formed.
Passive solar heating
The use of sunlight to heat buildings directly.
7 terms
Environmental Science - Chapter 17: Nonrenewable Energy
Fossil fuels
Electric generator
Petroleum
Oil reserves
A nonrenewable energy resource formed from the remains of org…
A device that converts mechanical energy into electrical ener…
A liquid mixture of complex hydrocarbon compounds; used widel…
Oil deposits that are discovered and are in commercial produc…
Fossil fuels
A nonrenewable energy resource formed from the remains of org…
Electric generator
A device that converts mechanical energy into electrical ener…
16 terms
Environmental Science: Renewable Energy
Renewable Energy
Passive Solar Heating
Active Solar Heating
Biomass Fuels
Energy from sources that are constantly being formed.
Uses the sun's energy to heat something directly.
Energy from the sun that can be gathered by collectors and us…
Plant material, manure, or any other organic matter that is u…
Renewable Energy
Energy from sources that are constantly being formed.
Passive Solar Heating
Uses the sun's energy to heat something directly.
25 terms
Environmental Science (energy)
Energy
Work
Power
Potential Energy
Power derived from the utilization of physical or chemical re…
Activity involving mental or physical effort done in order to…
Supply with mechanical or electrical energy
Stored energy
Energy
Power derived from the utilization of physical or chemical re…
Work
Activity involving mental or physical effort done in order to…
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