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Study sets matching "immunity chapter 22"

76 terms
Chapter 22 Immunity
Subconsciously protects us from infect…
Agents that can damage or kill a host
Agents that cause harm
Major categories of infectious agents
Immune System
Infectious Agents
Pathogenic Agents
Bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoans, and multicellular paras…
Subconsciously protects us from infect…
Immune System
Agents that can damage or kill a host
Infectious Agents
30 terms
Chapter 22 Lymphatics and Immunity
Important Definitions to know: Resista…
Important Definitions to know: Suscept…
What are the Functions of the Lymphati…
Structure of the Lymphatic System
Ability to ward off pathogens... -innate resistance is nonspec…
Lack of resistance to a specific pathogen (aka you are more p…
-drainage of excess interstitial fluid... -transport of dietary…
Lymph - interstitial fluid that has entered lymphatic vessels…
Important Definitions to know: Resista…
Ability to ward off pathogens... -innate resistance is nonspec…
Important Definitions to know: Suscept…
Lack of resistance to a specific pathogen (aka you are more p…
30 terms
Chapter 22 Lymphatics and Immunity
Important Definitions to know: Resista…
Important Definitions to know: Suscept…
What are the Functions of the Lymphati…
Structure of the Lymphatic System
Ability to ward off pathogens... -innate resistance is nonspec…
Lack of resistance to a specific pathogen (aka you are more p…
-drainage of excess interstitial fluid... -transport of dietary…
Lymph - interstitial fluid that has entered lymphatic vessels…
Important Definitions to know: Resista…
Ability to ward off pathogens... -innate resistance is nonspec…
Important Definitions to know: Suscept…
Lack of resistance to a specific pathogen (aka you are more p…
30 terms
Chapter 22 Lymphatics and Immunity
Important Definitions to know: Resista…
Important Definitions to know: Suscept…
What are the Functions of the Lymphati…
Structure of the Lymphatic System
Ability to ward off pathogens... -innate resistance is nonspec…
Lack of resistance to a specific pathogen (aka you are more p…
-drainage of excess interstitial fluid... -transport of dietary…
Lymph - interstitial fluid that has entered lymphatic vessels…
Important Definitions to know: Resista…
Ability to ward off pathogens... -innate resistance is nonspec…
Important Definitions to know: Suscept…
Lack of resistance to a specific pathogen (aka you are more p…
50 terms
Chapter 22 Specific Immunity
characteristics of specific immunity
antigen
cellular immunity
humoral immunity
1) specific to the pathogen... 2) exhibits memory... 3) diversity... 4…
a molecule that elicits an immune response
T cells are the effectors
antibodies are the effectors
characteristics of specific immunity
1) specific to the pathogen... 2) exhibits memory... 3) diversity... 4…
antigen
a molecule that elicits an immune response
43 terms
Chapter 22: Immunity
autoimmune disorder
natural killer cells
apoptosis
antibodies
if t lymphocytes that failed the negative selection test were…
which type of cell attacks a variety of unwanted cells and ca…
a form of cellular death in which the cells shrivels; helps l…
what are considered the effectors of humoral immunity?
autoimmune disorder
if t lymphocytes that failed the negative selection test were…
natural killer cells
which type of cell attacks a variety of unwanted cells and ca…
64 terms
Chapter 22 immunity
Which of the following is not an examp…
The ability to ward off a specific inf…
In ________ immunity, the body's react…
Substances that stimulate adaptive imm…
Antigens
specific immunity.
innate, adaptive
antigens
Which of the following is not an examp…
Antigens
The ability to ward off a specific inf…
specific immunity.
54 terms
Chapter 22 immunity
Cells that are lymphocytes
Cells mature in thymus gland
Antibodies produced
Origin of cells in red bone Marrow
Antibody, cell mediated
Cell mediated
Antibody immunity
Innate, antibody, cell mediated
Cells that are lymphocytes
Antibody, cell mediated
Cells mature in thymus gland
Cell mediated
46 terms
Chapter 22: Immunity
Immunity
Innate or Nonspecific resistance
Adaptive or Specific immunity
Complement
- Ability to resist damage from foreign substances such as mi…
- Born with it ... - Physical barriers... - Chemical mediators... - Ce…
- Specificity ... - Memory... (Example: immunization)
- Part of innate resistance... - Group of 20 proteins that circu…
Immunity
- Ability to resist damage from foreign substances such as mi…
Innate or Nonspecific resistance
- Born with it ... - Physical barriers... - Chemical mediators... - Ce…
43 terms
Chapter 22: Lymphatic system and Immunity
Nonspecific Resistance (Innate Immunity)
Immunity (Adaptive Immunity)
What structures make up this system
3 functions
Present at birth and includes defense mechanisms that provide…
Involves activation of specific lymphocytes that combat a par…
Lymph nodes... Tonsils... Lymphatic ducts... Lymph vessels... Spleen... Peye…
Drain interstitial fluid (fluid around cells)... Transport dieta…
Nonspecific Resistance (Innate Immunity)
Present at birth and includes defense mechanisms that provide…
Immunity (Adaptive Immunity)
Involves activation of specific lymphocytes that combat a par…
24 terms
CHAPTER 22 - IMMUNITY
Two types of immunity
Innate (nonspecific) immunity
Two types of innate immunity
First line of defense
Innate and adaptive
basically born with, ex.) skin
First line and second line
skin (intact only)... tears and saliva... mucous membranes... lining o…
Two types of immunity
Innate and adaptive
Innate (nonspecific) immunity
basically born with, ex.) skin
107 terms
Chapter 22 - Lymphatic system and immunity
Immunity or Resistance
Innate or nonspecific immunity
Adaptive or specific immunity
Lymphatic system
the ability to ward of damage or disease through our defenses
No specific recognition of invaders, no memory component. Thi…
Specific recognition of invaders with a memory component.
consists of a fluid called lymph, vessels called lymphatic ve…
Immunity or Resistance
the ability to ward of damage or disease through our defenses
Innate or nonspecific immunity
No specific recognition of invaders, no memory component. Thi…
45 terms
Chapter 22 Immunity
Specificity (adaptive immunity)
Memory
Tolerance
Antibody-mediated immunity
each of the lymphocyte has a particular target and only fight…
adaptive memory of infections, will respond faster and at a g…
defense cells can recognize the difference between bad cells…
involves B lymphocytes; responds to extracellular antigens... •…
Specificity (adaptive immunity)
each of the lymphocyte has a particular target and only fight…
Memory
adaptive memory of infections, will respond faster and at a g…
77 terms
Chapter 22: Immunity
What is immunity?
Innate immunity is also called
Adaptive immunity is also called
Specificity and memory are also charac…
The ability to resist damage from foreign substances, such as…
Nonspecific resistance
Specific immunity
Adaptive immunity
What is immunity?
The ability to resist damage from foreign substances, such as…
Innate immunity is also called
Nonspecific resistance
63 terms
Chapter 22 - Immunity
Ability to resist damage from foreign…
Immunity categories
The body recognizes and destroys certa…
The body recognizes and destroys forei…
immunity
Innate or nonspecific resistance... Adaptive or specific immunity
Innate or nonspecific resistance
Adaptive or specific immunity
Ability to resist damage from foreign…
immunity
Immunity categories
Innate or nonspecific resistance... Adaptive or specific immunity
44 terms
Chapter 22: The Lymphoid System and Immunity
Lymph
Lymphocytes
Functions of the lymphatic system
Fluid balance
"Interstitial fluid;"... Similar to plasma but contains lower am…
Provide defense against infections and other environmental ha…
1. Fluid balance... 2. Fat absorption... 3. Defense
More fluid exits the capillaries than is reabsorbed;... Extra fl…
Lymph
"Interstitial fluid;"... Similar to plasma but contains lower am…
Lymphocytes
Provide defense against infections and other environmental ha…
166 terms
Chapter 22: The Lymphatic System and Immunity
Immunity or Resistance
Susceptibility
2 types of immunity:
Innate (nonspecific) immunity
the ability to ward off damage or disease through our defenses.
vulnerability or lack of resistance
1. innate... 2. adaptive
defenses that are present at birth.... -does not involve specifi…
Immunity or Resistance
the ability to ward off damage or disease through our defenses.
Susceptibility
vulnerability or lack of resistance
29 terms
Chapter 22: Lymphatic system and Immunity
Pathogens
The 4 parts of the Lymphatic system
3 things lymphocytes respond to
Immunity
Viruses, Bacteria, Fungi, and/or Parasites. ... Each type has a…
Cells, Tissues, Organs responsible for defending the body cel…
Invading pathogens, Abnormal body cells, and foreign proteins.
The ability to resist infection and disease through the activ…
Pathogens
Viruses, Bacteria, Fungi, and/or Parasites. ... Each type has a…
The 4 parts of the Lymphatic system
Cells, Tissues, Organs responsible for defending the body cel…
26 terms
Chapter 22 - Lymphatics and Immunity
functions of lymphatic system
lymphatic capillaries are also termed...
flow
lymphatic trunks (6)
-recover fluid lost from blood capillaries... -guard against pat…
terminal lymphatics
1.)lymphatic capillaries... 2.)collecting vessels... 3.)lymphatic t…
named by location:... jugular... subclavian... bronchomediastinal... inte…
functions of lymphatic system
-recover fluid lost from blood capillaries... -guard against pat…
lymphatic capillaries are also termed...
terminal lymphatics
Chapter 22- The Lymphatic and Immunity
Lymph
The major functions of the lymphatic s…
Plasma
Interstitial Fluid
A clear milky-interstitial fluid with plasma lipids that circ…
Draining interstitial fluid, transporting dietary lipids abso…
The liquid component of blood.
The clear fluid filtered through capillary walls when it ente…
Lymph
A clear milky-interstitial fluid with plasma lipids that circ…
The major functions of the lymphatic s…
Draining interstitial fluid, transporting dietary lipids abso…
63 terms
Chapter 22 - Lymphatic System and Immunity
Functions of Lymphatic System
The Lymphatic System
Functions of Lymphatic System: Fluid B…
Functions of Lymphatic System: Lipid A…
Fluid Balance... Lipid Absorption... Defense (Immune Responses)
A system consisting of lymphatic vessels through which lymph…
The 3 L of fluid that doesn't pass back into the capillaries…
The lymphatic system absorbs lipids & other substances from d…
Functions of Lymphatic System
Fluid Balance... Lipid Absorption... Defense (Immune Responses)
The Lymphatic System
A system consisting of lymphatic vessels through which lymph…
29 terms
Homework Chapter 22 Immunity
Lymph Composition
Cisterna Chyli
B-cells convert to plasma cells
Lysosome
Interstitial Fluid
Thoracic Duct Beginning
Lymph Nodes
Lyse bacteria on epithelial surfaces
Lymph Composition
Interstitial Fluid
Cisterna Chyli
Thoracic Duct Beginning
81 terms
Chapter 22 Lymphatic and immunity
Present at birth and includes defense…
Involves activation of specific lympho…
The lymphatic system consists of:
The lymphatic system functions to: 1
Nonspecific Resistance (Innate Immunity)
Immunity (Adaptive Immunity)
Several structures and organs that contain lymphatic tissue .…
Drain interstitial fluid: drain excess fluid and return it to…
Present at birth and includes defense…
Nonspecific Resistance (Innate Immunity)
Involves activation of specific lympho…
Immunity (Adaptive Immunity)
109 terms
Chapter 22 Lymphatics and Immunity
The immune system is said to exhibit _…
During a primary immune response, the
An example of an immunodeficiency dise…
An accumulation of lymph in a region w…
Tolerance
IgM titer is initially higher than the IgG titer.
AIDS
Lymphedema
The immune system is said to exhibit _…
Tolerance
During a primary immune response, the
IgM titer is initially higher than the IgG titer.
33 terms
Chapter 22; Lymphatic/Immunity
lymphatic system structure/organ
lymphatic system function
lymphatic vessels begin as
lymphatic capillaries merge to form
contains lymphatic tissue, bone marrow, lymph
drain interstitial fluid, transport dietary fats, carry out i…
lymphatic capillaries which are closed on one end
merge to form lymphatic vessels with thin walls and many valves
lymphatic system structure/organ
contains lymphatic tissue, bone marrow, lymph
lymphatic system function
drain interstitial fluid, transport dietary fats, carry out i…
18 terms
Chapter 22 Immunity and Serology
immunity
Natural Immunity
Artificially Immunity
Passive Immunity
a condition under which an individual is protected from disease
The person does not choose to come into contact with pathogen
The person deliberately exposes self to pathogen
antigens produced by another individual are injected into ano…
immunity
a condition under which an individual is protected from disease
Natural Immunity
The person does not choose to come into contact with pathogen
62 terms
Chapter 22 lympatics and immunity
lymph, lymphatic organs, lymphatic tis…
1. Recover fluid lost from blood capil…
lymph
both low in proteins
Components of the lymphatic system
3 Functions of the Lymphatic system?
clear colorless liquid?
how is lymph similar to blood plasma?
lymph, lymphatic organs, lymphatic tis…
Components of the lymphatic system
1. Recover fluid lost from blood capil…
3 Functions of the Lymphatic system?
134 terms
Chapter 22 The Lymphatic System and Immunity
Functions of the lymphatic system (3)
What is the route of lymph through the…
Lymphatic capillaries vs capillaries o…
The wall of lymphatic vessels are ___…
1) Transports excess interstitial fluid from tissues to blood…
Lymphatic capillaries --> Lymphatic vessels--> Lymph nodes --…
Lymphatic capillaries taper at the end so there is only 1 way…
Thin; veins; valves
Functions of the lymphatic system (3)
1) Transports excess interstitial fluid from tissues to blood…
What is the route of lymph through the…
Lymphatic capillaries --> Lymphatic vessels--> Lymph nodes --…
84 terms
Chapter 22: Immunity
what are some of the types of infectio…
where are white blood cells made?
what are the types of white blood cells?
Where do T-cells, B-cells, macrophages…
bacteria, virus, fungi, protozoans, multicellular parasites,…
they reside in bone marrow prior to circulating in blood
granulocytes (eosinophils, basophils, and neutrophils), agran…
in the lymph nodes, spleen, and tonsils
what are some of the types of infectio…
bacteria, virus, fungi, protozoans, multicellular parasites,…
where are white blood cells made?
they reside in bone marrow prior to circulating in blood
35 terms
Chapter 22- Immunity
1. Know in detail the process of antig…
recognition of antigens bound to glyco…
membrane glycoproteins that bind to an…
Class I MHC ... - found where?... -Pick up _…
ok
Antigen presentation
MHC (major histocompatibility complex) proteins
-in all membranes of nucleated cells... -small peptides... -abnorma…
1. Know in detail the process of antig…
ok
recognition of antigens bound to glyco…
Antigen presentation
83 terms
Chapter 22 - Lymphatic and Immunity
Lymphatic System
Immunity
Lymphatic system consists of
Functions of Lymphatic System
cells, tissues, and organs responsible for defending the body.
The ability to resist infection and disease
- Lymph... - Lymphatic vessels... - Lymphoid tissues/organs... - Lymph…
- Produce, Maintain, and Distribute Lymphocytes... - Return of…
Lymphatic System
cells, tissues, and organs responsible for defending the body.
Immunity
The ability to resist infection and disease
43 terms
Chapter 22 Immunity
Adaptive Immunity—includes and requires
Antigen presentation displays what and…
Antigen presentation helps what to see…
what are the two categories of cells p…
Adaptive Immunity— Antigen Presentation and MHC Molecules
Display of an antigen on a cell's plasma membrane
help T-lymphocytes "see" the antigen
all nucleated cells of the body and... antigen-presenting cells…
Adaptive Immunity—includes and requires
Adaptive Immunity— Antigen Presentation and MHC Molecules
Antigen presentation displays what and…
Display of an antigen on a cell's plasma membrane
34 terms
Chapter 22 Immunity
Immunity Functions
Pathogens
Bacteria
Viruses
It is a systemical physiological process WHEW... It protects us…
Bacteria, viruses, protozoans, parasites, abnormal self cells…
TB, Staph, Clostridium, Vibrio
Ebola, Influenza, Rabies, HIV, Measles, Mumps, Herpes, Hepati…
Immunity Functions
It is a systemical physiological process WHEW... It protects us…
Pathogens
Bacteria, viruses, protozoans, parasites, abnormal self cells…
13 terms
Chapter 22: Immunity
Role of Complement System in Immunity
Immunological Memory
Duration of Memory
Primary Response
30 proteins; liver produces; cause phagocytosis, cytolysis an…
body retains some memory
in general Cell-Mediated lasts longer than Antibody-Mediated
first time exposed to antigen (get sick...severe or minor);... "…
Role of Complement System in Immunity
30 proteins; liver produces; cause phagocytosis, cytolysis an…
Immunological Memory
body retains some memory
95 terms
Chapter 22 Lymphatic System & Immunity
The Lymphatic System: major functions
•Components of lymphatic system:
Lymphatic Vessels and Fluid:
Extracellular fluids include:
• Drain interstitial fluid... • Transport dietary lipids (GI tra…
• Lymphatic capillaries... • Lymphatic vessels... • Lymph nodes... • L…
• Lymph:... -clear/ milky fluid, ... - in the extracellular fluid c…
• Plasma: ... -liquid component of blood... • Interstitial fluid:…
The Lymphatic System: major functions
• Drain interstitial fluid... • Transport dietary lipids (GI tra…
•Components of lymphatic system:
• Lymphatic capillaries... • Lymphatic vessels... • Lymph nodes... • L…
14 terms
Chapter 22: The Lymphatic System and Immunity
What are the two types of immunity?
Innate immmunity
Adaptive Immunity
What does the lymphatic system consist…
1) Innate/ Nonspecific... 2) Adaptive/ Specific
1st and 2nd line of defense... Skin, Mucous membrane
Specific recognition of invaders ... T Cells, B Cells
Lymph, lymphatic vessels, structures and organs containing ly…
What are the two types of immunity?
1) Innate/ Nonspecific... 2) Adaptive/ Specific
Innate immmunity
1st and 2nd line of defense... Skin, Mucous membrane
21 terms
Chapter 22 Lymphatic Immunity
What is susceptibility
What is resistance
What is nonspecific (innate) resistance
what is specific resistance (adaptive)
Lack of resistance
- ability to ward off disease via our defenses
- general protection
- specific defense that takes a little bit longer to respond
What is susceptibility
Lack of resistance
What is resistance
- ability to ward off disease via our defenses
45 terms
Chapter 22: Immunity and Serology
What is the process of inducing immuni…
What two way can immunity be acquired?
Immunity is also
What follows antigen exposure?
Immunization
Naturally & Artifically
Passive or Active
Active Immunity
What is the process of inducing immuni…
Immunization
What two way can immunity be acquired?
Naturally & Artifically
49 terms
Chapter 22 Nonspecific Immunity
defense
functions of the immune system
lymph nodes
spleen
What is the primary purpose of the immune system?
1) defense... 2) assist in fluid balance... 3) fat absorption
site of specific immune response & germinal center
site if specific immune response
defense
What is the primary purpose of the immune system?
functions of the immune system
1) defense... 2) assist in fluid balance... 3) fat absorption
8 terms
Chapter 22: Cellular Immunity
Cellular (Cell-mediated) Immunity (CMI…
Activation, Proliferation & Differenti…
Different types of T Cells
Helper T Cells (TH or CD4+)
T cell circulates and directly attacks; T becomes "killer" T;…
occurs in secondary lymphatic organs/tissues; ACTIVATION = an…
Helper T Cells (TH or CD4+) ... Cytotoxic T Cells (TC or CD8+)…
produce cytokines memory cells made; (costimulate T and B cel…
Cellular (Cell-mediated) Immunity (CMI…
T cell circulates and directly attacks; T becomes "killer" T;…
Activation, Proliferation & Differenti…
occurs in secondary lymphatic organs/tissues; ACTIVATION = an…
214 terms
A+P Chapter 22 - Lymphatic System and Immunity
List the components of the lymphatic s…
The lymphatic system absorbs lipids fr…
Lymphocytes mature in the ____________…
Helper T cells aid in the immune respo…
1) Lymph... 2) Lymphatic vessels... 3) Lymphatic tissue... 4) Lymphati…
Lacteals
Primary lymphatic organs; Secondary lymphatic organs
Stimulating B cells to divide.
List the components of the lymphatic s…
1) Lymph... 2) Lymphatic vessels... 3) Lymphatic tissue... 4) Lymphati…
The lymphatic system absorbs lipids fr…
Lacteals
31 terms
Chapter 22 Innate Immunity
Skin and mucous membranes are the
first line of defense (innate) provide…
what are the 4 physical barriers in in…
in innate immunity, physical barriers…
first line of defense (innate)
physical and chemical
- epidermis... - mucous membranes... - nose hairs... - cilia of upper…
1. epidermis... periodically sheds... 2. mucous membranes... muc…
Skin and mucous membranes are the
first line of defense (innate)
first line of defense (innate) provide…
physical and chemical
35 terms
Chapter 22 adaptive immunity
what is the ability of the body to def…
what are substances recognized as fore…
how is adaptive immunity distinguished…
Maturation of T and B cells both devel…
adaptive immunity
antigens (Ags)
1. specificity - specific... 2. memory.... previous encounter
1. pluripotent stem.... red bone marrow... 2. B cells... 3. T cells…
what is the ability of the body to def…
adaptive immunity
what are substances recognized as fore…
antigens (Ags)
28 terms
Chapter 22 Lymphatics & Immunity
What chemical does a Mast cell release…
What chemical does a Mast cell produce…
What does the IgE antibody do after th…
What two chemicals do Mast cell/Basoph…
heparin
histamine
It binds to the Basophil which causes the release histamine.…
histamine & heparin
What chemical does a Mast cell release…
heparin
What chemical does a Mast cell produce…
histamine
18 terms
Chapter 22: Immunity (Specific)
Immunity
Immunology
Maturation of T and B cells
Immunocompetence
Specific resistance to disease; B/T cells response; (memory)
Body response to foreign antigen challenges
develop from hematopoietic stem cells of B. Marrow but comple…
ability to produce an immune response
Immunity
Specific resistance to disease; B/T cells response; (memory)
Immunology
Body response to foreign antigen challenges
26 terms
Chapter 22 Immunity and Serology
Acquired Immunity can result:
Active Immunity occurs:
Naturally acquired active immunity fol…
Artificially acquired active immunity…
by actively producing antibodies to antigen
when body's immune system responds to antigens by producing a…
illness or pathogen exposure
vaccination
Acquired Immunity can result:
by actively producing antibodies to antigen
Active Immunity occurs:
when body's immune system responds to antigens by producing a…
11 terms
Chapter 22: Antibody Immunity
Antibody-Mediated (Humoral) Immunity (…
B Cell
Plasma B Cell
Activation, Proliferation & Differenti…
antibody circulates; occur outside of the B cell; B cell beco…
differentiate into plasma cells and memory cells
B cell becomes activated when exposed to an foreign antigen (…
B cell becomes activated when exposed... to an foreign antigen (…
Antibody-Mediated (Humoral) Immunity (…
antibody circulates; occur outside of the B cell; B cell beco…
B Cell
differentiate into plasma cells and memory cells
23 terms
Chapter 22: Lymphatics and Immunity
What two types of disease resistance i…
What does the lymphatic system contain?
What are the 3 functions of the lympha…
Where are lymphatic capillaries located?
1. Nonspecific resistance (innate immunity) that is present a…
- contains several structures and organs that contain lymphat…
1. drain interstitial fluid... 2. transport dietary fats... 3. carr…
between cells of many tissues
What two types of disease resistance i…
1. Nonspecific resistance (innate immunity) that is present a…
What does the lymphatic system contain?
- contains several structures and organs that contain lymphat…
14 terms
Chapter 22: Immunity and serology
If you get sick and acquire immunity t…
Is it active or passive?
Vaccine types: what is an advantage, a…
What is an advantage, and a disadvanta…
Natural immunity and active.
...
ad: produces full-blown best immunity ... dis: can revert to var…
Ad: can't revert and easier to keep and transport.... Dis: don't…
If you get sick and acquire immunity t…
Natural immunity and active.
Is it active or passive?
...
10 terms
Chapter 22- Immunity and Serology
Inactivated Vaccines?
Attenuated Vaccines?
Toxoids?
Subunit vaccines?
May be killed cells, can not multiply inside the body. (DPT v…
Are made from living cells (MMR and Sabin polio vaccine)
Are made from inactivated toxins. (Tetanus, diphteria and bot…
Antigenic parts of the microbe (pneumococcal vaccine use the…
Inactivated Vaccines?
May be killed cells, can not multiply inside the body. (DPT v…
Attenuated Vaccines?
Are made from living cells (MMR and Sabin polio vaccine)
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