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Study sets matching "immunity chapter 6"

73 terms
chapter 6: innate immunity
innate immunity
inflammatory response
adaptive immunity
lysozyme
natural or native immunity. includes natural barriers and inf…
second line of defense. activated to protect the body the bod…
3rd line of defense. induced in a relatively slower and more…
attacks the cell walls of gram positive bacteria in sweat tea…
innate immunity
natural or native immunity. includes natural barriers and inf…
inflammatory response
second line of defense. activated to protect the body the bod…
28 terms
Chapter 6 & 7: Immunity and Hypersensitivity
active immuniy
adaptive immunity
antibody
allergen
produced by an individual either after natural exposure to an…
the third line of defense in the human body, often called the…
one particular set of immunoglobulins known to have specifici…
antigens that induce an allergic response
active immuniy
produced by an individual either after natural exposure to an…
adaptive immunity
the third line of defense in the human body, often called the…
18 terms
Chapter 6: Innate Immunity
First Line of Defense
Second Line of Defense
Third Line of Defense
Physical Barriers
...
...
...
...
First Line of Defense
...
Second Line of Defense
...
199 terms
HIMA Chapter 6: Immunity
Main functions of lymphatic system
Villi
Lacteals
Blood vessels
1. Absorb fats and fat-soluble vitamins through lacteals ... 2.…
Finger-like projections in small intestine that contain lacte…
structures of the lymphatic system that absorb fats that can'…
Nutrients don't need to go through lacteals to be broken down…
Main functions of lymphatic system
1. Absorb fats and fat-soluble vitamins through lacteals ... 2.…
Villi
Finger-like projections in small intestine that contain lacte…
9 terms
Chapter 6: Innate Immunity
innate immunity
adaptive immunity
inflammation
physical barriers
natural barriers, first line of defense, in place at birth
third line of defense (acquired or specific immunity), slower…
second line of defense, responds to cellular or tissue damage…
skin, lining of gastrointestinal, genitourinary, and respirat…
innate immunity
natural barriers, first line of defense, in place at birth
adaptive immunity
third line of defense (acquired or specific immunity), slower…
18 terms
Pathology: Chapter 6 Immunity
Aquired (Active) Immunity
Passive Immunity
Lymphocytes make ______
Suppression of immune cells
The body is exposed to antigens. Vaccinations, direct exposur…
Temporary. Antibodies are not created themselves, they are in…
ANTIBODIES. B cells (make antibodies) and T cells
Natural. Body keeps immune cells stored away until illness oc…
Aquired (Active) Immunity
The body is exposed to antigens. Vaccinations, direct exposur…
Passive Immunity
Temporary. Antibodies are not created themselves, they are in…
31 terms
Chapter 6: Adaptive Immunity
Antigens
Thymus
Bone Marrow
Humoral Immunity
substances the body perceives as foreign; nonself
Where do T cells develop
Where do B cells develop
This type of immunity occurs when B cells differentiate into…
Antigens
substances the body perceives as foreign; nonself
Thymus
Where do T cells develop
12 terms
Chapter 6: Adaptive immunity
Allergens
Antibodies
Antigens
Hapten
Antigens that induce an allergic response, anything that has…
The products of the adaptive immune response include a type o…
Substances that react with molecules of the immune system
Antigens that are too small to be immunogens by themselves bu…
Allergens
Antigens that induce an allergic response, anything that has…
Antibodies
The products of the adaptive immune response include a type o…
47 terms
Chapter 6: Hematology and Immunity
hematology
immunology
hematopoiesis
erythrocytes
the medical specialty that studies the anatomy and physiology…
the medical specialty related to the lymphatic system and the…
process by which all formed elements in the blood are produced
red blood cells
hematology
the medical specialty that studies the anatomy and physiology…
immunology
the medical specialty related to the lymphatic system and the…
62 terms
pathophysiology chapter 6 immunity
flora
pathogens
biologic warfare
1st line of defense
bacteria that are beneficial to the human. they produce enzym…
organisms that infect hosts by circumventing (evading) the ho…
out immune system attempts to destroy pathogens while pathoge…
anatomical barriers
flora
bacteria that are beneficial to the human. they produce enzym…
pathogens
organisms that infect hosts by circumventing (evading) the ho…
72 terms
Chapter 6 innate immunity
What are the 3 lines of defense
Examples of the first line of defense
Physical barriers
Epithelial cell-derived chemical barri…
1-innate (natural/native) immunity, 2-inflammation, 3-adaptiv…
physical, mechanical, biochemical barriers
skin, linings of the GI, genitourinary, and respiratory tract…
secrete saliva, tears, earwax, sweat, mucus. Antimicrobial pe…
What are the 3 lines of defense
1-innate (natural/native) immunity, 2-inflammation, 3-adaptiv…
Examples of the first line of defense
physical, mechanical, biochemical barriers
75 terms
Chapter 6 Adaptive Immunity
3rd line of defense is also called ___…
3rd line of defense is ___
3rd line of defense has ____ and ____d…
3 ways 3rd line of defense is different
adaptive
specific
chemical... cellular
specificity... memory... products are antibodies and lymphocytes (b…
3rd line of defense is also called ___…
adaptive
3rd line of defense is ___
specific
27 terms
Chapter 6: Adaptive Immunity
Third Line of Defense (Adaptive Immuni…
End Products of Adaptive Immunity
Immunoglobulins
Humoral Immunity
-The specific immune system... -Destroy infectious microorganism…
Lymphocytes (T and B cells) and Immunoglobulins (antibodies)
-Protein produced by B cells... -Circulate in the blood... -Bind to…
-Has to do with the antibodies themselves more than w/the B c…
Third Line of Defense (Adaptive Immuni…
-The specific immune system... -Destroy infectious microorganism…
End Products of Adaptive Immunity
Lymphocytes (T and B cells) and Immunoglobulins (antibodies)
24 terms
Chapter 6: Adaptive Immunity
adaptive (acquired) immunity
antigens
immunogen
haptens
develops more slowly than the inflammatory response; specific…
substances that react with molecules of the immune system; ar…
molecules that induce an immune reponse
low molecular weight molecules; antigens to small to be immun…
adaptive (acquired) immunity
develops more slowly than the inflammatory response; specific…
antigens
substances that react with molecules of the immune system; ar…
25 terms
chapter 6 immunity practice
phagocytosis
specific immunity
macrophage
nonspecific immunity
ingestion and destruction
immunoglobulins and lymphokines
phagocytic, agranular leukocyte of the immune system
resistant to a large variety of antigens
phagocytosis
ingestion and destruction
specific immunity
immunoglobulins and lymphokines
Chapter 6: Adaptive Immunity
Active Acquired Immunity
Passive Acquired Immunity
Antigen
Immunogens
long term. happens when you are exposed to an antigen or from…
short term. preformed antibodies or T cells are administered.…
bind with antibodies, receptors on B&T cells, not necessarily…
molecule that induces an immune response
Active Acquired Immunity
long term. happens when you are exposed to an antigen or from…
Passive Acquired Immunity
short term. preformed antibodies or T cells are administered.…
Patho Chapter 6 - Immunity
Flora
Benefits of Flora (2)
Where is the flora kept? Why?
5 types of pathogens/organisms that ca…
Beneficial bacteria in human gut
1. Provide enzymes to facilitate digestion of complex molecul…
The flora is kept outside of the tissues to prevent the immun…
Viruses, Bacteria, Fungi, Protozoa, Helminths (worms)
Flora
Beneficial bacteria in human gut
Benefits of Flora (2)
1. Provide enzymes to facilitate digestion of complex molecul…
58 terms
Biology- chapter 6- Immunity
Disease
Immunity
Non-specific defence mechanisms
Specific mechanisms
An interaction between the pathogen+ the body's various defen…
-The ability of an organism to resist infection by protecting…
-Don't distinguish between one type of pathogen+ another+ res…
-Distinguish between different pathogens... -Less rapid response…
Disease
An interaction between the pathogen+ the body's various defen…
Immunity
-The ability of an organism to resist infection by protecting…
29 terms
Chapter 6: immunity
What is the third line of defense?
What are the primary cells of adaptive…
What are the specifics about adaptive…
What is the purpose of adaptive immuni…
Adaptive (acquired) Immunity
Lymphocytes
- very specific, develops slowly, has a memory, longer lived…
- Destruction of infections microorganisms that aren't destro…
What is the third line of defense?
Adaptive (acquired) Immunity
What are the primary cells of adaptive…
Lymphocytes
15 terms
Chapter 6 Adaptive Immunity
Immunoglobulins
Antigen
B lymphocyte
Humoral Immunity
antibodies... They act as a critical part of the immune response…
can bind with antibodies, or antigen receptors on T and B cel…
a type of white blood cell of the lymphocyte subtype. They fu…
B cell role; is the aspect of immunity that is mediated by ma…
Immunoglobulins
antibodies... They act as a critical part of the immune response…
Antigen
can bind with antibodies, or antigen receptors on T and B cel…
62 terms
Chapter 6: Adaptive Immunity
What immunity is constant?
What type of immunity is immediate?
the skin, mucous membranes, lysosomes,…
vascular responses, neutrophils, basop…
physical barriers
innate immunity
barrier immunity
innate immuntiy
What immunity is constant?
physical barriers
What type of immunity is immediate?
innate immunity
9 terms
Adaptive Immunity (Chapter 6)
What are the Third Line of Defenses?
Humoral Immune Response
Cell-Mediated Immunity
Immune Response
Humoral and Cellular Immunity... Active and Passive Immunity
Antibodies
T Lymphocytes
Collaboration of B and T Cells
What are the Third Line of Defenses?
Humoral and Cellular Immunity... Active and Passive Immunity
Humoral Immune Response
Antibodies
61 terms
patho chapter 6 Immunity/Adaptive Immunity
Adaptive Immunity
Innate immunity
Adaptive immunity... cont.
Purpose of adaptive immunity
"Immune response" ... 3rd line of defense... Slower than inflamma…
Non-specific (what you're born with)... Involves inflammatory p…
Targeted to a specific antigen... Involves T and B lymphocytes... A…
Destruction of infectious microorganisms that are resistant t…
Adaptive Immunity
"Immune response" ... 3rd line of defense... Slower than inflamma…
Innate immunity
Non-specific (what you're born with)... Involves inflammatory p…
20 terms
chapter 6: adaptive immunity
what is B cell immunity?
what is T cell immunity?
what is active immunity?
what is passive immunity?
...
...
natural exposure or immunizations
T cells are transferred from donor to recipient
what is B cell immunity?
...
what is T cell immunity?
...
68 terms
patho chapter 6 Immunity/Adaptive Immunity
Adaptive Immunity
Innate immunity
Adaptive immunity... cont.
Purpose of adaptive immunity
"Immune response" ... 3rd line of defense... Slower than inflamma…
Non-specific (what you're born with)... Involves inflammatory p…
Targeted to a specific antigen... Involves T and B lymphocytes... A…
Destruction of infectious microorganisms that are resistant t…
Adaptive Immunity
"Immune response" ... 3rd line of defense... Slower than inflamma…
Innate immunity
Non-specific (what you're born with)... Involves inflammatory p…
17 terms
Chapter 6: adaptive immunity
what is a T-Cytotoxic lymphocyte?
T/F Tc cells have a broad spectrum
what are NK cells?
what are T reg cells?
responsible for cell mediated destruction of tumor cells infe…
True
similar to lymphocytes but last antigen specific receptors. i…
T cells that suppress the immune response.
what is a T-Cytotoxic lymphocyte?
responsible for cell mediated destruction of tumor cells infe…
T/F Tc cells have a broad spectrum
True
20 terms
Science Chapter 6: Immunity
What is Immunity
What are two types of immunity?
When does active immunity occur
T OR F: Active Immunity is produced by…
The body's ability to DESTROYS pathogens BEFORE they can caus…
1. Active Immunity... 2. Passive Immunity
When a persons IMMUNE SYSTEM produces ANTIBOITIES in response…
TRUE
What is Immunity
The body's ability to DESTROYS pathogens BEFORE they can caus…
What are two types of immunity?
1. Active Immunity... 2. Passive Immunity
103 terms
patho chapter 6 Immunity/Adaptive Immunity"
Innate immunity
Adaptive immunity... cont.
Purpose of adaptive immunity
Humoral immunity (still active immunity)
Non-specific (what you're born with)... Involves inflammatory p…
Targeted to a specific antigen... Involves T and B lymphocytes... A…
Destruction of infectious microorganisms that are resistant t…
Antibodies by B cell (immunoglobulins: antibodies)...... Bind t…
Innate immunity
Non-specific (what you're born with)... Involves inflammatory p…
Adaptive immunity... cont.
Targeted to a specific antigen... Involves T and B lymphocytes... A…
45 terms
Chapter 6: Adaptive Immunity
Antigens
Antibodies
Cytokines
Adaptive immunity exhibits four of the…
Substances that provoke an immune response because they are r…
Protein molecules that bind to one specific antigen ; also ca…
Group of chemicals (proteins, peptides, glycoproteins, and a…
Specificity, memory, versatility, and tolerance
Antigens
Substances that provoke an immune response because they are r…
Antibodies
Protein molecules that bind to one specific antigen ; also ca…
119 terms
Chapter 6: Innate Immunity: Inflammation and Wound Healing
Immunity
First line of defense
Second line of defense
Third line of defense
Resistance to disease
innate (natural, native) immunity
Inflammation
Adaptive (acquired) immunity
Immunity
Resistance to disease
First line of defense
innate (natural, native) immunity
18 terms
Patho Chapter 6- Immunity/Adaptive Immunity
Adaptive Immunity
Antigen
Immunogens
Active Immunity
Third line of defense... Activated by phagocytosis and APC's (an…
Molecule that can react with antibodies or antigen receptors…
an antigen or some other cell that will induce an immune resp…
Antibodies or T cells produced after either a natural exposur…
Adaptive Immunity
Third line of defense... Activated by phagocytosis and APC's (an…
Antigen
Molecule that can react with antibodies or antigen receptors…
84 terms
A&P Chapter 6: The Lymphatic System & Immunity
lymph
lymphatic vessels
interstitial fluid
lymphatic capillaries
fluid formed in the tissue spaces that carries protein molecu…
permit only one-way movement of lymph
tissue fluid... --- located in the spaces between cells. ... --- be…
tiny blind-ended tubes distributed in tissue spaces... --- micro…
lymph
fluid formed in the tissue spaces that carries protein molecu…
lymphatic vessels
permit only one-way movement of lymph
33 terms
Chapter 6 Innate Immunity: Inflammation
Immunity
First Line of Defense
Second Line of Defense
Goals Of Inflammation
- first line of defense: innate resistance... - second line of d…
- Physical and mechanical barriers... * skin... * linings of GI, GU…
Inflammatory Response... - causes: infection, mechanical damage,…
- limit control the inflammatory process... - prevent and limit…
Immunity
- first line of defense: innate resistance... - second line of d…
First Line of Defense
- Physical and mechanical barriers... * skin... * linings of GI, GU…
Pathophysiology- Chapter 6 (Immunity-Inflammation)
Non-Specific-responds that same way no…
Infection-Bacteria, viral... Mechanical I…
Very vascular response, occurs in tiss…
Blood Vessel Dilation-More blood to ar…
Second line of defense-Inflammation
What causes Inflammation?
What kind of response is inflammation?
Vascular Responses
Non-Specific-responds that same way no…
Second line of defense-Inflammation
Infection-Bacteria, viral... Mechanical I…
What causes Inflammation?
38 terms
Chapter 6: Stress and Immunity
What is the immune system?
How does the immune system work global…
What is the lymphatic system?
What is the lymph?
It is made up of tissues and organs and processes that help p…
It locates foreign microorganisms, damaged cells, and mutant…
The form in which the immune system is spread
The tissue of the lymphatic system. Lymph consists of tissue…
What is the immune system?
It is made up of tissues and organs and processes that help p…
How does the immune system work global…
It locates foreign microorganisms, damaged cells, and mutant…
58 terms
Chapter 6 Innate Immunity: Inflammation
Immunity
First Line of Defense
Second Line of Defense
Goals Of Inflammation
- first line of defense: innate resistance... - second line of d…
- Physical and mechanical barriers... * skin... * linings of GI, GU…
Inflammatory Response... - causes: infection, mechanical damage,…
- limit control the inflammatory process... - prevent and limit…
Immunity
- first line of defense: innate resistance... - second line of d…
First Line of Defense
- Physical and mechanical barriers... * skin... * linings of GI, GU…
134 terms
Path-Chapter 6 Innate immunity
innate Immunity
Name the 3 human defense mechanisms
inflammatory Response
Adaptive immunity
natural barriers(first line of defense) "normal micro biome"
innate immunity, inflammatory Response, adaptive immunity
1)activated to protect body from further injury... 2)Prevent Inf…
"acquired/specific" immunity,induced in a slower specific pro…
innate Immunity
natural barriers(first line of defense) "normal micro biome"
Name the 3 human defense mechanisms
innate immunity, inflammatory Response, adaptive immunity
22 terms
chapter 6 patho adaptive immunity
adaptive immunity
functions of adaptive, acquired immunity
immunity
antigen
slower than the inflammatory response, has memory
1. destruction of infectious microorganisms 2. provision of l…
protect from disease
protein, immune response
adaptive immunity
slower than the inflammatory response, has memory
functions of adaptive, acquired immunity
1. destruction of infectious microorganisms 2. provision of l…
42 terms
Pathophysiology Chapter 6: Adaptive Immunity
Purpose of adaptive immunity
Components
Active immunity
passive immunity
destruction of infectious microorganisms that are resistant t…
Humoral: immunoglobulins (antibodies) --> bind to antigens on…
exposure to antigen, natural or immunization
preformed antibodies or T cells are administered ... ex) transf…
Purpose of adaptive immunity
destruction of infectious microorganisms that are resistant t…
Components
Humoral: immunoglobulins (antibodies) --> bind to antigens on…
82 terms
Chapter 6 Alterations in Immunity and Inflammation
Define hypersensitivity.
Hypersensitivity is classified by the…
The source of antigen to hypersensitiv…
Define allergy.
an altered immunologic response to an antigen that results in…
source of antigen; mechanism that causes disease
allergy; autoimmunity; alloimmunity
an exaggerated response against an environmental antigen
Define hypersensitivity.
an altered immunologic response to an antigen that results in…
Hypersensitivity is classified by the…
source of antigen; mechanism that causes disease
50 terms
Pathophysiology - Chapter 6: Adaptive Immunity:
adaptive (acquired)... immunity
Antibodies are proteins that are produ…
humoral immunity
T cells are part of ________ immunity
The third line of defense in the human body
B cells
Antibodies floating in the bloodstream binding to antigens.
cellular
adaptive (acquired)... immunity
The third line of defense in the human body
Antibodies are proteins that are produ…
B cells
Patho Chapter 6 Adaptive Immunity
Titer
Adaptive Immunity
Neutralization
Agglutination
Measure concentration of antibody circulating in the blood
3rd line of defense... Slow... Specific, with Memory
Inactivating or blocking the binding of antigen to receptors
Clumping insoluble particles that are in suspension
Titer
Measure concentration of antibody circulating in the blood
Adaptive Immunity
3rd line of defense... Slow... Specific, with Memory
53 terms
Chapter 6 Patho: Innate Immunity
Innate Immunity
First line of defense
Second line of defense
Third line of defense
Natural
innate immunity ... physical, mechanical, biochemical barriers
Inflammation
Adaptive (aquired/specific) immunity
Innate Immunity
Natural
First line of defense
innate immunity ... physical, mechanical, biochemical barriers
42 terms
Chapter 6: Understanding Stress, Immunity
immune system
How does the immune system work global…
lymph
lymphocytes
consists of tissues, organs, and processes that protect the b…
locates foreign microorganisms, mutant cells, or damaged cell…
tissue of lymphatic system
type of white blood cells found in lymph (tissue)
immune system
consists of tissues, organs, and processes that protect the b…
How does the immune system work global…
locates foreign microorganisms, mutant cells, or damaged cell…
42 terms
Pathophysiology Chapter 6: Adaptive Immunity
Purpose of adaptive immunity
Components
Active immunity
passive immunity
destruction of infectious microorganisms that are resistant t…
Humoral: immunoglobulins (antibodies) --> bind to antigens on…
exposure to antigen, natural or immunization
preformed antibodies or T cells are administered ... ex) transf…
Purpose of adaptive immunity
destruction of infectious microorganisms that are resistant t…
Components
Humoral: immunoglobulins (antibodies) --> bind to antigens on…
58 terms
Chapter 6 Innate Immunity: Inflammation
Immunity
First Line of Defense
Second Line of Defense
Goals Of Inflammation
- first line of defense: innate resistance... - second line of d…
- Physical and mechanical barriers... * skin... * linings of GI, GU…
Inflammatory Response... - causes: infection, mechanical damage,…
- limit control the inflammatory process... - prevent and limit…
Immunity
- first line of defense: innate resistance... - second line of d…
First Line of Defense
- Physical and mechanical barriers... * skin... * linings of GI, GU…
50 terms
Pathophysiology Chapter 6: Adaptive Immunity
Which of the following stimuli are con…
Which statement about the extent of ce…
Which of the following terms describes…
A direct result of anaerobic metabolis…
D) All of the above
B) Nutritional status can have a profound effect on the exten…
C) Necrosis
B) the production of lactate.
Which of the following stimuli are con…
D) All of the above
Which statement about the extent of ce…
B) Nutritional status can have a profound effect on the exten…
25 terms
Human Body Chapter 6: Skin and Immunity
What are the purposes of skin?
How does skin help you stay healthy?
How does skin allow you to move withou…
Other than skin, what other ways does…
- shield to protect whole body from outside world... - keeps out…
keeps out viruses, bacteria, and other foreign particles from…
a substance called ELASTIN in your skin allows you to move fr…
By taking our multi-vitamins and other vitamins that help kee…
What are the purposes of skin?
- shield to protect whole body from outside world... - keeps out…
How does skin help you stay healthy?
keeps out viruses, bacteria, and other foreign particles from…
Chapter 6 (Innate Immunity: Inflammation and Wound Healing)
What is innate immunity?
What is the inflammatory response?
What is adaptive immunity?
Microorganisms require temperature nea…
Natural or native immunity and includes natural barriers (phy…
It is activated to protect body from further injury, and prev…
Also called specific immunity.... It is induced much slower and…
98.6 F... 37 C
What is innate immunity?
Natural or native immunity and includes natural barriers (phy…
What is the inflammatory response?
It is activated to protect body from further injury, and prev…
42 terms
Patho Chapter 6 Immunity and Wound Healing
Normal Defenses
Physicial/Mechanical Barriers
Biochemical Barriers
Normal Flora
physical/mechanical barriers... biochemical barriers... normal flora
tight junctions - epithelial cells... - skin/mucous membranes... tr…
secretions - trap and destroy... - earwax... - saliva... - tears... - sweat
bacteria in the gut to produce Vitamin K... produces substance i…
Normal Defenses
physical/mechanical barriers... biochemical barriers... normal flora
Physicial/Mechanical Barriers
tight junctions - epithelial cells... - skin/mucous membranes... tr…
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