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Study sets matching "immunity"

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Study sets matching "immunity"

19 terms
Immunity
Pathogen
Infectious disease
Toxin
Inflammatory response
An organism that causes disease.
A disease caused by the presence of a living thing in the body.
A poison introduced by bacterial pathods that damages cells.
Part of the body's defense against pathogens in which fluid a…
Pathogen
An organism that causes disease.
Infectious disease
A disease caused by the presence of a living thing in the body.
19 terms
Immunity
Differentiate between the innate and a…
Describe the first and second line of…
Describe five different types of innat…
Describe the role of interferons, comp…
innate - born with this set of defenses (respond within minut…
first line = mechanical, chemical... second line = microorganis…
1. mechanical barriers - skin and mucus membrane... 2. acidic se…
These are antimicrobial proteins that provide defense:... interf…
Differentiate between the innate and a…
innate - born with this set of defenses (respond within minut…
Describe the first and second line of…
first line = mechanical, chemical... second line = microorganis…
18 terms
Immunity
Pathogen
Infectious disease
Toxin
Inflammatory response
An organism that causes disease. Generates pathology.
A disease caused by the presence of a living organism in the…
A poison introduced by bacterial pathogens that damages cells.
Part of the body's defense against pathogens in which fluid a…
Pathogen
An organism that causes disease. Generates pathology.
Infectious disease
A disease caused by the presence of a living organism in the…
19 terms
Immunity
Pathogen
Infectious disease
Toxin
Inflammatory response
An organism that causes disease.
A disease caused by the presence of a living thing in the body.
A poison introduced by bacterial pathods that damages cells.
Part of the body's defense against pathogens in which fluid a…
Pathogen
An organism that causes disease.
Infectious disease
A disease caused by the presence of a living thing in the body.
12 terms
Immunity
AIDS
Allergic Reactions
Antibiotic
Antibodies
Acquired Immune-Deficiency Syndrome. A disease caused by HIV…
An inappropriate immune response to an antigen that is non-pa…
A chemical that can kill bacteria, generally used to treat ba…
A blood protein produced in response to an antigen, with whic…
AIDS
Acquired Immune-Deficiency Syndrome. A disease caused by HIV…
Allergic Reactions
An inappropriate immune response to an antigen that is non-pa…
9 terms
Immunity
lymphocyte
immune system
active immunity
passive immunity
a type of white blood cell
network of cells, tissues, and organs that work together to p…
long-lasting immunity that results with the body makes its ow…
short-term immunity acquired when antibodies made by one orga…
lymphocyte
a type of white blood cell
immune system
network of cells, tissues, and organs that work together to p…
69 terms
Immunity
major histocompatibility molecules (MHC)
antigen
autoimmune disease
lymphocyte
molecules that are present on every cell of the body and act…
any entity that can elicit an immune response
occurs when the immune system mistakes itself for non-self an…
small WBC that can recognize & respond to antigens
major histocompatibility molecules (MHC)
molecules that are present on every cell of the body and act…
antigen
any entity that can elicit an immune response
24 terms
Immunity
Pathogen
Pasteurization
Infectious Disease
Noninfectious Disease
disease -causing agents, such as bacteria and viruses
process in which food is heated to a temperature that kills m…
diseases caused by pathogens that can be transmitted from one…
A disease that can not pass from person to person
Pathogen
disease -causing agents, such as bacteria and viruses
Pasteurization
process in which food is heated to a temperature that kills m…
12 terms
Immunity
Immune System
Immunity
White Blood Cells
Pathogen
system that protects the body from viruses and bacteria
ability of an organism to resist infection of pathogen becaus…
component of blood that creates an immune response
foreign invader also known as microbes; can be bacteria or vi…
Immune System
system that protects the body from viruses and bacteria
Immunity
ability of an organism to resist infection of pathogen becaus…
38 terms
Immunity
disease
infectious disease
non infectious disease
pathogen
condition that impairs the normal function of the organism
condition that impairs the normal function of the organism; c…
condition that impairs the normal function of the organism; c…
a cellular based organism or non-cellular agent capable of ca…
disease
condition that impairs the normal function of the organism
infectious disease
condition that impairs the normal function of the organism; c…
24 terms
Immunity
Differentiate between the innate and a…
Describe the first and second line of…
Describe five different types of innat…
Describe the role of interferons, comp…
innate - born with this set of defenses (respond within minut…
first line = mechanical, chemical... second line = microorganis…
1. mechanical barriers - skin and mucus membrane... 2. acidic se…
These are antimicrobial proteins that provide defense:... interf…
Differentiate between the innate and a…
innate - born with this set of defenses (respond within minut…
Describe the first and second line of…
first line = mechanical, chemical... second line = microorganis…
34 terms
Immunity
innate immunity
body substances/parts of innate immunity
acquired/adaptive immunity
body parts of acquired/adaptive immunity
first line of defense, mechanical and chemical barriers
intact skin, mucous membranes, cilia, ... tears, saliva, sebaceo…
second line of defense, B cells, T cells, NK cells, phagocytes.
Bone marrow ... thymus... spleen ... lymph and blood... lymphocytes
innate immunity
first line of defense, mechanical and chemical barriers
body substances/parts of innate immunity
intact skin, mucous membranes, cilia, ... tears, saliva, sebaceo…
28 terms
Immunity
host
immune system
immunity
infections
the organism that a nourishes and supports a parasite
collection of organs that fight and promote resistance to dis…
having adequate biological defenses to fight infection and, o…
invasions by pathogens
host
the organism that a nourishes and supports a parasite
immune system
collection of organs that fight and promote resistance to dis…
20 terms
Immunity
host
immune system
immunity
infections
the organism that a nourishes and supports a parasite
collection of organs that fight and promote resistance to dis…
having adequate biological defenses to fight infection and, o…
invasions by pathogens
host
the organism that a nourishes and supports a parasite
immune system
collection of organs that fight and promote resistance to dis…
68 terms
Immunity
Innate immunity
acquired immunity
lymphocytes
antibodies
🍊 IMMUNITY that is present before exposure to pathogens.... 🍊 Ef…
🍊 IMMUNITY that develops after exposure to pathogens. ... 🍊 Invo…
WHITE BLOOD CELLs that mediate acquired immunity.
Defensive PROTEINS that bind to antigens and mark them for el…
Innate immunity
🍊 IMMUNITY that is present before exposure to pathogens.... 🍊 Ef…
acquired immunity
🍊 IMMUNITY that develops after exposure to pathogens. ... 🍊 Invo…
Immunity
cellular defense reactions of the body…
a state of protection.
The functions of the immunity consists…
A heightened ability to react against…
Immune Response
immunity
defense... surveillance... homeostasis
Memory
cellular defense reactions of the body…
Immune Response
a state of protection.
immunity
30 terms
Immunity
b-lymphocyte
antigen-antibody complex
immune vs inflammatory
plasma cells
primary cell involved in the immune response
renders antigen inactive
immune system has capacity to remember
act as antibodies
b-lymphocyte
primary cell involved in the immune response
antigen-antibody complex
renders antigen inactive
31 terms
immunity
red blood cells
platelets
neutrophil
band neutrophil
red blood cells
platelets
19 terms
Immunity
Innate immunity
Adaptive Immunity
B & T lymphocytes
Antibody-mediated (humoral) immunity
Includes the bodys basic defenses. Built in 1st line of defen…
Targets specific foreign materials. Must have a first exposur…
These lymphocytes come from adaptive immunity.
Plasma cells (B lymphocytes) produce antibodies. Generally ta…
Innate immunity
Includes the bodys basic defenses. Built in 1st line of defen…
Adaptive Immunity
Targets specific foreign materials. Must have a first exposur…
171 terms
Immunity
Common INTRA-cellular accumulations
Etiology
Pathogenesis
Morphology
Fat... Hyaline... Ca++... Proteins... Glycogen... Pigments
"Cause"
"Insidious development"... Sequence of events from the initial s…
"Abnormal Anatomy"
Common INTRA-cellular accumulations
Fat... Hyaline... Ca++... Proteins... Glycogen... Pigments
Etiology
"Cause"
130 terms
Immunity
body's ability to fight disease and th…
cell mediated immunity
humoral immunity
functions of immune system
immunity
t-lymphocytes
b-lymphocytes
to protect the animal from anything (foreign invader) that co…
body's ability to fight disease and th…
immunity
cell mediated immunity
t-lymphocytes
28 terms
Immunity
Innate Immunity
Acquired Immunity
Humoral Immunity
Antibody
nonspecific defenses to pathogens, typically called the first…
the body's defense to specific pathogens, includes humoral im…
the bodies response to pathogens within body fluids with the…
A "Y shaped" protein molecule evoked in response to a foreign…
Innate Immunity
nonspecific defenses to pathogens, typically called the first…
Acquired Immunity
the body's defense to specific pathogens, includes humoral im…
13 terms
Immunity
Immunoglobulin
Interferon
Complement Proteins
Phagocytes
Antibodies such as IgA, IgE, IgC, IgM, and IgD that are secre…
A protein released by infected cells, usually in response to…
proteins that circulate in the blood in an inactive form; pro…
Engulf and digest bacteria and other disease causing microorg…
Immunoglobulin
Antibodies such as IgA, IgE, IgC, IgM, and IgD that are secre…
Interferon
A protein released by infected cells, usually in response to…
16 terms
Immunity
Immunity
Antibodies
Antigens
Lymphocytes
Resistance to a disease causing organism or harmful substance
Proteins that provide us with immunity by attaching to antigens
Unique markers found on the surface of pathogens
White blood cells that produce antibodies
Immunity
Resistance to a disease causing organism or harmful substance
Antibodies
Proteins that provide us with immunity by attaching to antigens
28 terms
Immunity
Phagocytes
Monocytes and macrophages
Neutrophils
Phagocytosis
Monocytes and neutrophils... Non-specific, phagocytose pathogens
Originate in bone marrow... Circulate in blood and settle in org…
Originate in bone marrow... Circulate in blood and collect at si…
Histamine and other chemical stimulants attract neutrophils t…
Phagocytes
Monocytes and neutrophils... Non-specific, phagocytose pathogens
Monocytes and macrophages
Originate in bone marrow... Circulate in blood and settle in org…
43 terms
Immunity
Immunity
Types of immunity
Natural immunity
Acquired immunity
Specific defense mechanisms providing resistance to invading…
Natural and acquired
Non-specific and specific
Natural (active and passive) and artificial
Immunity
Specific defense mechanisms providing resistance to invading…
Types of immunity
Natural and acquired
23 terms
Immunity
External barriers (1st line)
2nd line of defense
macrophages
phagocytosis
"walls and moats" of the body (e.x. : eyelashes, skin, etc.)…
____keep pathogens from reaching the bloodstream... usually infl…
Found within the lymph nodes, they are phagocytes that destro…
A type of endocytosis in which a cell engulfs large particles…
External barriers (1st line)
"walls and moats" of the body (e.x. : eyelashes, skin, etc.)…
2nd line of defense
____keep pathogens from reaching the bloodstream... usually infl…
55 terms
Immunity
Type I
s&s of Type I
patho of Type I
tx of mild Type I
extreme response of immune system in an antigen (allergen) -…
Sniffling, runny nose - hay fever; Respiratory distress; edem…
result of excessive production of IgE antibodies after exposu…
Remove offending agent fr. Pt's environment; OTC antihistamin…
Type I
extreme response of immune system in an antigen (allergen) -…
s&s of Type I
Sniffling, runny nose - hay fever; Respiratory distress; edem…
20 terms
Immunity
primary immunity response
secondary immunity response
active immunity
artificial immunity
When an antigen comes in contact to the immune system for the…
second time (3rd, 4th, etc.) the person is exposed to the sam…
occurs when the person is exposed to a live pathogen, develop…
can be induced by a vaccine, a substance that contains the an…
primary immunity response
When an antigen comes in contact to the immune system for the…
secondary immunity response
second time (3rd, 4th, etc.) the person is exposed to the sam…
33 terms
Immunity
Disease
Pathogen
Vector
Antibiotic
any change, other than injury, that disrupts the normal funct…
Disease causing agents
Animal that carries pathogens from person to person
Compound that blocks the growth and reproduction of bacteria
Disease
any change, other than injury, that disrupts the normal funct…
Pathogen
Disease causing agents
49 terms
Immunity
herd immunity
first line of defense
second line of defense
third line of defense
the presence of immune persons in a community interrupts the…
Mechanical barriers... (skin and mucous membranes)
• Chemical barriers... (enzymes, pH, salt, interferons, defensin…
• Cellular immune response... • Humoral immune response
herd immunity
the presence of immune persons in a community interrupts the…
first line of defense
Mechanical barriers... (skin and mucous membranes)
49 terms
Immunity
The immune system
The immune system includes 3 parts:
Physical surface barriers
Chemical barriers
Bodies collective set of defense against PATHOGENS
1. Physical surface barriers ... 2. Chemical barriers ... 3. Specia…
-Surface of the skin ... -(sweat and oil sebum)
-Cavities that open to the environment
The immune system
Bodies collective set of defense against PATHOGENS
The immune system includes 3 parts:
1. Physical surface barriers ... 2. Chemical barriers ... 3. Specia…
76 terms
Immunity
antigen
components of self misidentified as fo…
autoimmune disease
hypersensitivity
the agent that triggers the immune response; a foreign substa…
tumor cells, cells induced with viruses, organ transplants, t…
non-recognition of foreign material as antigen
overreaction to antigens
antigen
the agent that triggers the immune response; a foreign substa…
components of self misidentified as fo…
tumor cells, cells induced with viruses, organ transplants, t…
45 terms
Immunity
Innate immunity
Acquired immunity
Skin, mucous membranes, specialized se…
Tight junctions, cilia, lysozymes (ant…
Present from birth
Only present in higher animals
Barrier defenses
Epithelial cells defenses
Innate immunity
Present from birth
Acquired immunity
Only present in higher animals
76 terms
Immunity
antigen
components of self misidentified as fo…
autoimmune disease
hypersensitivity
the agent that triggers the immune response; a foreign substa…
tumor cells, cells induced with viruses, organ transplants, t…
non-recognition of foreign material as antigen
overreaction to antigens
antigen
the agent that triggers the immune response; a foreign substa…
components of self misidentified as fo…
tumor cells, cells induced with viruses, organ transplants, t…
45 terms
Immunity
Antigen
MHC Markers
Pathogen
Types of immunity
chemical marker on a cell that identifies something as "non-s…
Markers on body cells to mark as "self".
an infectious disease causing agent which carries an antigen.
Innate immunity and adaptive immunity
Antigen
chemical marker on a cell that identifies something as "non-s…
MHC Markers
Markers on body cells to mark as "self".
17 terms
Immunity
pathogen
transmissible disease
antibodies
antigen
Disease causing agent
These types of disease can be passed from organism to organis…
An antigen-binding immunoglobulin, produced by B cells, that…
A protein that, when introduced in the blood, triggers the pr…
pathogen
Disease causing agent
transmissible disease
These types of disease can be passed from organism to organis…
54 terms
Immunity
Function of RBC
Function of WBC
Function of Platelets
Two Types of WBC
Transport of Oxygen
Immune cells
Blood Clotting Process
Phagocytes and Lymphocytes
Function of RBC
Transport of Oxygen
Function of WBC
Immune cells
151 terms
Immunity
How are chemicals are released by mast…
Effects of the release of histamine
Receptors of histamine mast cells
Lipid-derived chemical mediators produ…
Degranulation (immediate response)... Synthesis of lipid-derived…
Causes temporary and rapid constriction of the large blood ve…
H1 receptor (PROINFLAMMATORY): Is present in SMOOTH MUSCLE ce…
1-Leukotrienes... Are the product of arachidonic acid from mast…
How are chemicals are released by mast…
Degranulation (immediate response)... Synthesis of lipid-derived…
Effects of the release of histamine
Causes temporary and rapid constriction of the large blood ve…
102 terms
Immunity
What is an Antigen?
How do we respond to antigens?
What is a pathogen?
What is a disease?
any substance that initiates an immune response
Scenario 1: infected cell grabs antigen fragments within the…
A non cellular or cellar disease causing agent
any condition which impairs normal bodily function, except th…
What is an Antigen?
any substance that initiates an immune response
How do we respond to antigens?
Scenario 1: infected cell grabs antigen fragments within the…
78 terms
Immunity
Immunity
Immune cells
Markers
Markers part 2
All those physiologic mechanisms that endow the body with the…
are distinguished from one another through expression of surf…
may be characteristic of different cell lineages. different s…
cells may have more than 1 marker.... each cell has a unique fun…
Immunity
All those physiologic mechanisms that endow the body with the…
Immune cells
are distinguished from one another through expression of surf…
91 terms
Immunity
Lymphoid organs
Peyers Patches
Thymus
Spleen
○ Peyers patches... ○ Thymus:... ○ Spleen... ○ Lymph nodes
the aggregations of lymph nodules found within the mucosal li…
promote the maturation of T lymphocytes. Immature T cells mig…
is active in immune responses. T cells proliferate in the whi…
Lymphoid organs
○ Peyers patches... ○ Thymus:... ○ Spleen... ○ Lymph nodes
Peyers Patches
the aggregations of lymph nodules found within the mucosal li…
13 terms
immunity
inter
anti
gen
latent
between
against
origin
hidden
inter
between
anti
against
15 terms
Immunity
Cell mediated response
Humoral response
Macrophage
Phagocyte
activates killer t-cells which destroys cells infected with a…
The branch of acquired immunity that involves the activation…
Found within the lymph nodes, they are phagocytes that destro…
A cell (as a white blood cell) that engulfs and consumes fore…
Cell mediated response
activates killer t-cells which destroys cells infected with a…
Humoral response
The branch of acquired immunity that involves the activation…
Immunity
Acquired immune response
White blood cells
Antigens
Human tissue antigens
Has the capacity to remember and respond more quickly the sec…
The body's main defenders
Foreign substances, mainly proteins, often microorganisms and…
Organ transplants, tissue grafts, incompatible blood types du…
Acquired immune response
Has the capacity to remember and respond more quickly the sec…
White blood cells
The body's main defenders
15 terms
immunity
non-specific immunity
first line of defense
specific immunity
second line of defense
involves many physical and chemical barriers to infection and…
located in non-specific immunity ... involves skin, mucous membr…
involves the production of specialized cells and chemical sub…
located in specific immunity.... involves inflammation (increase…
non-specific immunity
involves many physical and chemical barriers to infection and…
first line of defense
located in non-specific immunity ... involves skin, mucous membr…
32 terms
Immunity
Antigens
Macrophages
Lymphocytes
B Lymphocytes
Found in foreign substances and on human cells; inherited fro…
Develop from monocytes after migrating into tissues; found in…
Primary immune cells; immunocompetent when mature; 2 types B…
Humoral immunity
Antigens
Found in foreign substances and on human cells; inherited fro…
Macrophages
Develop from monocytes after migrating into tissues; found in…
153 terms
Immunity
Lymphocytes Specific Defense
Primary Function of Lymphatic system
The lymphatic system does all EXCEPT
Lymphatic system is composed of all EX…
Immune Response
defending the body against both external and internal threats
transport gases to and from lymph nodes
the vena cave
Lymphocytes Specific Defense
Immune Response
Primary Function of Lymphatic system
defending the body against both external and internal threats
32 terms
immunity
immunity
self from nonself
myeloid, lymphoid, other
cytokines
body's ability to defend against infection or other unwanted…
our immune system must be able to recognize ___
cells mediating immune defenses:... -___:... --neutrophiles, basoph…
secreted or made from immune ells; form communication network…
immunity
body's ability to defend against infection or other unwanted…
self from nonself
our immune system must be able to recognize ___
38 terms
Immunity
disease
infectious disease
non infectious disease
pathogen
condition that impairs the normal function of the organism
condition that impairs the normal function of the organism; c…
condition that impairs the normal function of the organism; c…
a cellular based organism or non-cellular agent capable of ca…
disease
condition that impairs the normal function of the organism
infectious disease
condition that impairs the normal function of the organism; c…
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