Study sets matching "immunity"

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Study sets matching "immunity"

9 terms
Immunity
Active Immunity
Antibody
Antigen
Immunity
A form of acquired immunity in which the body produces its ow…
A protein that acts against a specific antigen
A protein that, when introduced in the blood, triggers the pr…
Resistance to disease
Active Immunity
A form of acquired immunity in which the body produces its ow…
Antibody
A protein that acts against a specific antigen
69 terms
Immunity
major histocompatibility molecules (MHC)
antigen
autoimmune disease
lymphocyte
molecules that are present on every cell of the body and act…
any entity that can elicit an immune response
occurs when the immune system mistakes itself for non-self an…
small WBC that can recognize & respond to antigens
major histocompatibility molecules (MHC)
molecules that are present on every cell of the body and act…
antigen
any entity that can elicit an immune response
19 terms
Immunity
Pathogen
Infectious disease
Toxin
Inflammatory response
An organism that causes disease.
A disease caused by the presence of a living thing in the body.
A poison introduced by bacterial pathods that damages cells.
Part of the body's defense against pathogens in which fluid a…
Pathogen
An organism that causes disease.
Infectious disease
A disease caused by the presence of a living thing in the body.
19 terms
Immunity
Active Immunity
Antibody
Antigen
Immunity
A form of acquired immunity in which the body produces its ow…
A protein that acts against a specific antigen
A protein that, when introduced in the blood, triggers the pr…
Resistance to disease
Active Immunity
A form of acquired immunity in which the body produces its ow…
Antibody
A protein that acts against a specific antigen
19 terms
Immunity
Active Immunity
Antibody
Antigen
Immunity
A form of acquired immunity in which the body produces its ow…
A protein that acts against a specific antigen
A protein that, when introduced in the blood, triggers the pr…
Resistance to disease
Active Immunity
A form of acquired immunity in which the body produces its ow…
Antibody
A protein that acts against a specific antigen
Immunity
Pathogen
Infectious disease
Toxin
Inflammatory response
An organism that causes disease.
A disease caused by the presence of a living thing in the body.
A poison introduced by bacterial pathods that damages cells.
Part of the body's defense against pathogens in which fluid a…
Pathogen
An organism that causes disease.
Infectious disease
A disease caused by the presence of a living thing in the body.
12 terms
Immunity
AIDS
Allergic Reactions
Antibiotic
Antibodies
Acquired Immune-Deficiency Syndrome. A disease caused by HIV…
An inappropriate immune response to an antigen that is non-pa…
A chemical that can kill bacteria, generally used to treat ba…
A blood protein produced in response to an antigen, with whic…
AIDS
Acquired Immune-Deficiency Syndrome. A disease caused by HIV…
Allergic Reactions
An inappropriate immune response to an antigen that is non-pa…
19 terms
Immunity
Pathogen
Infectious disease
Toxin
Inflammatory response
An organism that causes disease.
A disease caused by the presence of a living thing in the body.
A poison introduced by bacterial pathods that damages cells.
Part of the body's defense against pathogens in which fluid a…
Pathogen
An organism that causes disease.
Infectious disease
A disease caused by the presence of a living thing in the body.
19 terms
Immunity
Differentiate between the innate and a…
Describe the first and second line of…
Describe five different types of innat…
Describe the role of interferons, comp…
innate - born with this set of defenses (respond within minut…
first line = mechanical, chemical... second line = microorganis…
1. mechanical barriers - skin and mucus membrane... 2. acidic se…
These are antimicrobial proteins that provide defense:... interf…
Differentiate between the innate and a…
innate - born with this set of defenses (respond within minut…
Describe the first and second line of…
first line = mechanical, chemical... second line = microorganis…
19 terms
Immunity
Pathogen
Infectious disease
Toxin
Inflammatory response
An organism that causes disease.
A disease caused by the presence of a living thing in the body.
A poison introduced by bacterial pathods that damages cells.
Part of the body's defense against pathogens in which fluid a…
Pathogen
An organism that causes disease.
Infectious disease
A disease caused by the presence of a living thing in the body.
18 terms
Immunity
Pathogen
Infectious disease
Toxin
Inflammatory response
An organism that causes disease. Generates pathology.
A disease caused by the presence of a living organism in the…
A poison introduced by bacterial pathogens that damages cells.
Part of the body's defense against pathogens in which fluid a…
Pathogen
An organism that causes disease. Generates pathology.
Infectious disease
A disease caused by the presence of a living organism in the…
12 terms
Immunity
AIDS
Allergic Reactions
Antibiotic
Antibodies
Acquired Immune-Deficiency Syndrome. A disease caused by HIV…
An inappropriate immune response to an antigen that is non-pa…
A chemical that can kill bacteria, generally used to treat ba…
A blood protein produced in response to an antigen, with whic…
AIDS
Acquired Immune-Deficiency Syndrome. A disease caused by HIV…
Allergic Reactions
An inappropriate immune response to an antigen that is non-pa…
9 terms
Immunity
lymphocyte
immune system
active immunity
passive immunity
a type of white blood cell
network of cells, tissues, and organs that work together to p…
long-lasting immunity that results with the body makes its ow…
short-term immunity acquired when antibodies made by one orga…
lymphocyte
a type of white blood cell
immune system
network of cells, tissues, and organs that work together to p…
69 terms
Immunity
major histocompatibility molecules (MHC)
antigen
autoimmune disease
lymphocyte
molecules that are present on every cell of the body and act…
any entity that can elicit an immune response
occurs when the immune system mistakes itself for non-self an…
small WBC that can recognize & respond to antigens
major histocompatibility molecules (MHC)
molecules that are present on every cell of the body and act…
antigen
any entity that can elicit an immune response
12 terms
Immunity
Immune System
Immunity
White Blood Cells
Pathogen
system that protects the body from viruses and bacteria
ability of an organism to resist infection of pathogen becaus…
component of blood that creates an immune response
foreign invader also known as microbes; can be bacteria or vi…
Immune System
system that protects the body from viruses and bacteria
Immunity
ability of an organism to resist infection of pathogen becaus…
38 terms
Immunity
disease
infectious disease
non infectious disease
pathogen
condition that impairs the normal function of the organism
condition that impairs the normal function of the organism; c…
condition that impairs the normal function of the organism; c…
a cellular based organism or non-cellular agent capable of ca…
disease
condition that impairs the normal function of the organism
infectious disease
condition that impairs the normal function of the organism; c…
24 terms
Immunity
Pathogen
Pasteurization
Infectious Disease
Noninfectious Disease
disease -causing agents, such as bacteria and viruses
process in which food is heated to a temperature that kills m…
diseases caused by pathogens that can be transmitted from one…
A disease that can not pass from person to person
Pathogen
disease -causing agents, such as bacteria and viruses
Pasteurization
process in which food is heated to a temperature that kills m…
24 terms
Immunity
Differentiate between the innate and a…
Describe the first and second line of…
Describe five different types of innat…
Describe the role of interferons, comp…
innate - born with this set of defenses (respond within minut…
first line = mechanical, chemical... second line = microorganis…
1. mechanical barriers - skin and mucus membrane... 2. acidic se…
These are antimicrobial proteins that provide defense:... interf…
Differentiate between the innate and a…
innate - born with this set of defenses (respond within minut…
Describe the first and second line of…
first line = mechanical, chemical... second line = microorganis…
20 terms
Immunity
pathogens
infectious disease
bacteria
virus
organisms that cause diseases
a disease that can... pass from one organism to another
pathogen that causes strep throat, tetanus, tuberculosis, and…
pathogen that causes colds, chicken pox, and AIDS
pathogens
organisms that cause diseases
infectious disease
a disease that can... pass from one organism to another
20 terms
Immunity
pathogens
infectious disease
bacteria
virus
organisms that cause diseases
a disease that can... pass from one organism to another
pathogen that causes strep throat, tetanus, tuberculosis, and…
pathogen that causes colds, chicken pox, and AIDS
pathogens
organisms that cause diseases
infectious disease
a disease that can... pass from one organism to another
21 terms
Immunity
disease
pathogen
antigen
antibodies
any condition that prevents the body from working as it should
foreign invader organism
molecules located on the outer membranes of cells that trigge…
proteins produced by white blood cells that attack invaders o…
disease
any condition that prevents the body from working as it should
pathogen
foreign invader organism
Immunity
innate immunity
body substances/parts of innate immunity
acquired/adaptive immunity
body parts of acquired/adaptive immunity
first line of defense, mechanical and chemical barriers
intact skin, mucous membranes, cilia, ... tears, saliva, sebaceo…
second line of defense, B cells, T cells, NK cells, phagocytes.
Bone marrow ... thymus... spleen ... lymph and blood... lymphocytes
innate immunity
first line of defense, mechanical and chemical barriers
body substances/parts of innate immunity
intact skin, mucous membranes, cilia, ... tears, saliva, sebaceo…
19 terms
Immunity
Pathogen
Infectious disease
Inflammatory response
Phagocyte
An organism that causes disease.
A disease caused by the presence of a living thing in the body.
The second line of defense.... Part of the body's defense agains…
A white blood cell that destroys pathogens by engulfing them…
Pathogen
An organism that causes disease.
Infectious disease
A disease caused by the presence of a living thing in the body.
28 terms
Immunity
host
immune system
immunity
infections
the organism that a nourishes and supports a parasite
collection of organs that fight and promote resistance to dis…
having adequate biological defenses to fight infection and, o…
invasions by pathogens
host
the organism that a nourishes and supports a parasite
immune system
collection of organs that fight and promote resistance to dis…
Immunity
cellular defense reactions of the body…
a state of protection.
The functions of the immunity consists…
A heightened ability to react against…
Immune Response
immunity
defense... surveillance... homeostasis
Memory
cellular defense reactions of the body…
Immune Response
a state of protection.
immunity
19 terms
Immunity
Innate immunity
Adaptive Immunity
B & T lymphocytes
Antibody-mediated (humoral) immunity
Includes the bodys basic defenses. Built in 1st line of defen…
Targets specific foreign materials. Must have a first exposur…
These lymphocytes come from adaptive immunity.
Plasma cells (B lymphocytes) produce antibodies. Generally ta…
Innate immunity
Includes the bodys basic defenses. Built in 1st line of defen…
Adaptive Immunity
Targets specific foreign materials. Must have a first exposur…
68 terms
Immunity
Innate immunity
acquired immunity
lymphocytes
antibodies
🍊 IMMUNITY that is present before exposure to pathogens.... 🍊 Ef…
🍊 IMMUNITY that develops after exposure to pathogens. ... 🍊 Invo…
WHITE BLOOD CELLs that mediate acquired immunity.
Defensive PROTEINS that bind to antigens and mark them for el…
Innate immunity
🍊 IMMUNITY that is present before exposure to pathogens.... 🍊 Ef…
acquired immunity
🍊 IMMUNITY that develops after exposure to pathogens. ... 🍊 Invo…
20 terms
Immunity
host
immune system
immunity
infections
the organism that a nourishes and supports a parasite
collection of organs that fight and promote resistance to dis…
having adequate biological defenses to fight infection and, o…
invasions by pathogens
host
the organism that a nourishes and supports a parasite
immune system
collection of organs that fight and promote resistance to dis…
30 terms
Immunity
b-lymphocyte
antigen-antibody complex
immune vs inflammatory
plasma cells
primary cell involved in the immune response
renders antigen inactive
immune system has capacity to remember
act as antibodies
b-lymphocyte
primary cell involved in the immune response
antigen-antibody complex
renders antigen inactive
31 terms
immunity
red blood cells
platelets
neutrophil
band neutrophil
red blood cells
platelets
171 terms
Immunity
Common INTRA-cellular accumulations
Etiology
Pathogenesis
Morphology
Fat... Hyaline... Ca++... Proteins... Glycogen... Pigments
"Cause"
"Insidious development"... Sequence of events from the initial s…
"Abnormal Anatomy"
Common INTRA-cellular accumulations
Fat... Hyaline... Ca++... Proteins... Glycogen... Pigments
Etiology
"Cause"
Immunity
body's ability to fight disease and th…
cell mediated immunity
humoral immunity
functions of immune system
immunity
t-lymphocytes
b-lymphocytes
to protect the animal from anything (foreign invader) that co…
body's ability to fight disease and th…
immunity
cell mediated immunity
t-lymphocytes
Immunity
secondary immune response
endogenous antigen
allioimmunity
autoimmunity
The adaptive immune response provoked by a second exposure to…
Produced when Protozoa, fungi, bacteria, and viruses reproduc…
Immune response of one to another. (blood transfusion, transp…
A failure of tolerance, the immune system reacts to self.
secondary immune response
The adaptive immune response provoked by a second exposure to…
endogenous antigen
Produced when Protozoa, fungi, bacteria, and viruses reproduc…
28 terms
Immunity
Innate Immunity
Acquired Immunity
Humoral Immunity
Antibody
nonspecific defenses to pathogens, typically called the first…
the body's defense to specific pathogens, includes humoral im…
the bodies response to pathogens within body fluids with the…
A "Y shaped" protein molecule evoked in response to a foreign…
Innate Immunity
nonspecific defenses to pathogens, typically called the first…
Acquired Immunity
the body's defense to specific pathogens, includes humoral im…
Immunity
Acquired Immunity
Active Immunity
Induced Active Immunity
Naturally Acquired Active Immunity
Produced by prior exposure or antibody production
Produced by antibodies that develop in response to antigens.
Develops after administration of antigen to prevent disease
Develops after exposure to antigens in environment
Acquired Immunity
Produced by prior exposure or antibody production
Active Immunity
Produced by antibodies that develop in response to antigens.
Immunity
Immunoglobulin
Interferon
Complement Proteins
Phagocytes
Antibodies such as IgA, IgE, IgC, IgM, and IgD that are secre…
A protein released by infected cells, usually in response to…
proteins that circulate in the blood in an inactive form; pro…
Engulf and digest bacteria and other disease causing microorg…
Immunoglobulin
Antibodies such as IgA, IgE, IgC, IgM, and IgD that are secre…
Interferon
A protein released by infected cells, usually in response to…
28 terms
Immunity
Phagocytes
Monocytes and macrophages
Neutrophils
Phagocytosis
Monocytes and neutrophils... Non-specific, phagocytose pathogens
Originate in bone marrow... Circulate in blood and settle in org…
Originate in bone marrow... Circulate in blood and collect at si…
Histamine and other chemical stimulants attract neutrophils t…
Phagocytes
Monocytes and neutrophils... Non-specific, phagocytose pathogens
Monocytes and macrophages
Originate in bone marrow... Circulate in blood and settle in org…
6 terms
Immunity
allergen
pathogen
parasite
host
a substance that causes an allergic reaction
A disease causing agent
An organism that lives on or in a host and causes harm to the…
An organism on which a parasite lives.
allergen
a substance that causes an allergic reaction
pathogen
A disease causing agent
43 terms
Immunity
Immunity
Types of immunity
Natural immunity
Acquired immunity
Specific defense mechanisms providing resistance to invading…
Natural and acquired
Non-specific and specific
Natural (active and passive) and artificial
Immunity
Specific defense mechanisms providing resistance to invading…
Types of immunity
Natural and acquired
Immunity
Type I
s&s of Type I
patho of Type I
tx of mild Type I
extreme response of immune system in an antigen (allergen) -…
Sniffling, runny nose - hay fever; Respiratory distress; edem…
result of excessive production of IgE antibodies after exposu…
Remove offending agent fr. Pt's environment; OTC antihistamin…
Type I
extreme response of immune system in an antigen (allergen) -…
s&s of Type I
Sniffling, runny nose - hay fever; Respiratory distress; edem…
23 terms
Immunity
External barriers (1st line)
2nd line of defense
macrophages
phagocytosis
"walls and moats" of the body (e.x. : eyelashes, skin, etc.)…
____keep pathogens from reaching the bloodstream... usually infl…
Found within the lymph nodes, they are phagocytes that destro…
A type of endocytosis in which a cell engulfs large particles…
External barriers (1st line)
"walls and moats" of the body (e.x. : eyelashes, skin, etc.)…
2nd line of defense
____keep pathogens from reaching the bloodstream... usually infl…
20 terms
Immunity
primary immunity response
secondary immunity response
active immunity
artificial immunity
When an antigen comes in contact to the immune system for the…
second time (3rd, 4th, etc.) the person is exposed to the sam…
occurs when the person is exposed to a live pathogen, develop…
can be induced by a vaccine, a substance that contains the an…
primary immunity response
When an antigen comes in contact to the immune system for the…
secondary immunity response
second time (3rd, 4th, etc.) the person is exposed to the sam…
33 terms
Immunity
Disease
Pathogen
Vector
Antibiotic
any change, other than injury, that disrupts the normal funct…
Disease causing agents
Animal that carries pathogens from person to person
Compound that blocks the growth and reproduction of bacteria
Disease
any change, other than injury, that disrupts the normal funct…
Pathogen
Disease causing agents
49 terms
Immunity
herd immunity
first line of defense
second line of defense
third line of defense
the presence of immune persons in a community interrupts the…
Mechanical barriers... (skin and mucous membranes)
• Chemical barriers... (enzymes, pH, salt, interferons, defensin…
• Cellular immune response... • Humoral immune response
herd immunity
the presence of immune persons in a community interrupts the…
first line of defense
Mechanical barriers... (skin and mucous membranes)
Immunity
The immune system
The immune system includes 3 parts:
Physical surface barriers
Chemical barriers
Bodies collective set of defense against PATHOGENS
1. Physical surface barriers ... 2. Chemical barriers ... 3. Specia…
-Surface of the skin ... -(sweat and oil sebum)
-Cavities that open to the environment
The immune system
Bodies collective set of defense against PATHOGENS
The immune system includes 3 parts:
1. Physical surface barriers ... 2. Chemical barriers ... 3. Specia…
immunity
immunity
antibiotic
pathogen
vector
the body´s ability to fight pathogens and disease
a medicine that slows down the growth of bacteria
anything that can cause a disease
a organism of a different species that carries a pathogen
immunity
the body´s ability to fight pathogens and disease
antibiotic
a medicine that slows down the growth of bacteria
76 terms
Immunity
antigen
components of self misidentified as fo…
autoimmune disease
hypersensitivity
the agent that triggers the immune response; a foreign substa…
tumor cells, cells induced with viruses, organ transplants, t…
non-recognition of foreign material as antigen
overreaction to antigens
antigen
the agent that triggers the immune response; a foreign substa…
components of self misidentified as fo…
tumor cells, cells induced with viruses, organ transplants, t…
45 terms
Immunity
Innate immunity
Acquired immunity
Skin, mucous membranes, specialized se…
Tight junctions, cilia, lysozymes (ant…
Present from birth
Only present in higher animals
Barrier defenses
Epithelial cells defenses
Innate immunity
Present from birth
Acquired immunity
Only present in higher animals
76 terms
Immunity
antigen
components of self misidentified as fo…
autoimmune disease
hypersensitivity
the agent that triggers the immune response; a foreign substa…
tumor cells, cells induced with viruses, organ transplants, t…
non-recognition of foreign material as antigen
overreaction to antigens
antigen
the agent that triggers the immune response; a foreign substa…
components of self misidentified as fo…
tumor cells, cells induced with viruses, organ transplants, t…
45 terms
Immunity
Antigen
MHC Markers
Pathogen
Types of immunity
chemical marker on a cell that identifies something as "non-s…
Markers on body cells to mark as "self".
an infectious disease causing agent which carries an antigen.
Innate immunity and adaptive immunity
Antigen
chemical marker on a cell that identifies something as "non-s…
MHC Markers
Markers on body cells to mark as "self".
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