How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "immunity"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "immunity"

44 terms
Immunity
pathogens
nonspecific (innate) immunity
specific (acquired) immunity
microbe
disease-causing agents
inborn, same defenses regardless of pathogen type (1st line:…
part inborn, part developed; specific attack against specific…
micro-organism causing disease or fermentation (yeast)
pathogens
disease-causing agents
nonspecific (innate) immunity
inborn, same defenses regardless of pathogen type (1st line:…
104 terms
Immunity
immunity
immune system is composed of (3)
Two key characteristics of immune cells
Three major functions of immune system
the ability of the body to protect itself
lymphoid tissues, immune cells, secretions
specificity and memory
1. recognize and remove abnormal "self" cells... 2. remove dead/…
immunity
the ability of the body to protect itself
immune system is composed of (3)
lymphoid tissues, immune cells, secretions
47 terms
Immunity
Immune System
Anti-tumor effects
pro-tumor effects
innate immunity
Protects the host from infectious agents and promotes repair…
Recognition and destruction of tumor cells and virally infect…
Long-term inflammation can promote carcinogenesis.
Early, non-specific immune response that is mediated by immun…
Immune System
Protects the host from infectious agents and promotes repair…
Anti-tumor effects
Recognition and destruction of tumor cells and virally infect…
61 terms
Immunity
Innate Defences
Surface Barriers
Internal Defences
Phagocytes
Fast. non-specific
Mechanical, external. Skin and mucous membranes
Cells and chemicals. Phagocytes, NK cells, Inflammation, Anti…
Neutrophill and eosinophil
Innate Defences
Fast. non-specific
Surface Barriers
Mechanical, external. Skin and mucous membranes
19 terms
immunity
pathogen
antigen
vector
host cell
causes diseases
•proteins on pathogen's surface ... •causes an immune response
carries pathogens from one host to another
infected cell
pathogen
causes diseases
antigen
•proteins on pathogen's surface ... •causes an immune response
168 terms
Immunity
TLR2
TLR3
TLR 7, 8
TLR4
Recognizes bacterial and parasitic glycolipids and peptidogly…
Specific for viral, double stranded RNAs.
Specific for viral, single stranded RNAs.
Specific for Bacterial LPS
TLR2
Recognizes bacterial and parasitic glycolipids and peptidogly…
TLR3
Specific for viral, double stranded RNAs.
72 terms
Immunity
Complement Proteins
Complement Proteins - COLA
Steps of Phagocytosis - CAID
Natural Killer Cells (NK Cells)
Group of proteins in the blood stream that alert the immune s…
Chemotaxis - movement in response to a chemical reaction... Opso…
Chemotaxis - Chemicals attracting phagocytes to a location... Ad…
Cells that kill infected cells that secrete interferons
Complement Proteins
Group of proteins in the blood stream that alert the immune s…
Complement Proteins - COLA
Chemotaxis - movement in response to a chemical reaction... Opso…
65 terms
Immunity
Pseudophedrine, chlor-trimenton, benad…
Loratidine, cetirizine, fexofenadine
Montelukast/singulair
Regular basis at night
Sedating antihistamines
Nonsedating antihistamines
Leukotriene inhibitos(for allergic response)
Leukotriene inhibitors should be taken on
Pseudophedrine, chlor-trimenton, benad…
Sedating antihistamines
Loratidine, cetirizine, fexofenadine
Nonsedating antihistamines
10 terms
Immunity
Etiology of SLE
Etiology of HIV/AIDs
Risk factors of HIV/AIDs
Risk factors of SLE
Exacerbations... Prolonged exposure to sunlight... Pt teaching on…
Virus must go through several stages before infecting a host…
Environmental exposures... Unprotected sexual activities... IV drug…
Females between ages of 15 and 40... African American, Asian, or…
Etiology of SLE
Exacerbations... Prolonged exposure to sunlight... Pt teaching on…
Etiology of HIV/AIDs
Virus must go through several stages before infecting a host…
6 terms
immunity
passive natural
passive artifical
active natural
active artifical
antibodies pass through breast milk/placenta
short term by injection of antibodies
exposed to a live pathogen/develops disease
induced by vaccine
passive natural
antibodies pass through breast milk/placenta
passive artifical
short term by injection of antibodies
37 terms
Immunity
Bacterial Infection
Exotoxins
Endotoxins
Septecima
Exotoxins... Endotoxins
-Produce Injury to host cell Membranes... -Double host cell enzy…
-Inflammatory Products... -Endogenous pyrogens which cause fever…
"pus in the blood" ... In example bacterial spread through the b…
Bacterial Infection
Exotoxins... Endotoxins
Exotoxins
-Produce Injury to host cell Membranes... -Double host cell enzy…
Immunity
Innate (Nonspecific) body defenses
adaptive (specific) body defenses
Humoral (antibody- mediated) response
Humoral response peak production
first line of defense i.e. skin, phagocytes, natural killer c…
second line of defense, specific activation i.e. immune respo…
initiated when antigen encounters b cell
in about 10 days
Innate (Nonspecific) body defenses
first line of defense i.e. skin, phagocytes, natural killer c…
adaptive (specific) body defenses
second line of defense, specific activation i.e. immune respo…
16 terms
immunity
immunity
two intrinsic system
immune system
innate defense
resistance to disease
innate(nonspecific) defense system ... adaptive(specific) defens…
function system rather than organ system... -innate and adaptive…
first- external body membranes -skin and mucosae ... second- ant…
immunity
resistance to disease
two intrinsic system
innate(nonspecific) defense system ... adaptive(specific) defens…
42 terms
Immunity
First line of defense
Second line of defense
Humoral (antibody) immunity players
Cell-mediated (cytotoxic T cells) immu…
skin and mucus membranes... movement of bodily fluids... secretions…
complement system... phagocytes... natural killer cells... interferons…
Antigen Presenting Cells... B cells- plasma and memory B cell... an…
infected host cell... cytotoxic T cells... helper T cell... memory T c…
First line of defense
skin and mucus membranes... movement of bodily fluids... secretions…
Second line of defense
complement system... phagocytes... natural killer cells... interferons…
47 terms
Immunity
Innate Immunity
Adaptive Immuity
PAMPs
Skin
- Always present... - Nonspecific memory
- Acquired... - Specific to a specific pathogen... - Slower to resp…
- Pathogen Associated Molecular Patterns... - General molecules…
- 1st defense physical barrier... - Epidermis has continuous she…
Innate Immunity
- Always present... - Nonspecific memory
Adaptive Immuity
- Acquired... - Specific to a specific pathogen... - Slower to resp…
31 terms
Immunity
non-specific defense
specific defense
primary response
secondary response
physical and chemical barriers. Ie phagocytosis and inflammat…
mechanisms and agents that target specific antigens. Ie antib…
first exposure to antigen. takes 1 to 2 weeks before antibody…
repeat exposure to same antigen. more rapid response, with ef…
non-specific defense
physical and chemical barriers. Ie phagocytosis and inflammat…
specific defense
mechanisms and agents that target specific antigens. Ie antib…
9 terms
immunity
antigen
self- antigen
non- self antigen
memory cell
any substance capable of causing a specific immune response
any large molecule produced in own body, does not cause an im…
any compound foreign to body that triggers immune response
a type of cell that recognises an antigen to which the body h…
antigen
any substance capable of causing a specific immune response
self- antigen
any large molecule produced in own body, does not cause an im…
21 terms
Immunity
Viroids
Pathogen
Virus
Bacteriophages
Infectious particles that cause disease in plants.
Any living organism or particle that can cause an infectious…
An infectious particle made only of a strand of DNA or RNA su…
Viruses that prey on bacteria.
Viroids
Infectious particles that cause disease in plants.
Pathogen
Any living organism or particle that can cause an infectious…
45 terms
Immunity
Pseudophedrine, chlor-trimenton, benad…
Loratidine, cetirizine, fexofenadine
Montelukast/singulair
Regular basis at night
Sedating antihistamines
Nonsedating antihistamines
Leukotriene inhibitos(for allergic response)
Leukotriene inhibitors should be taken on
Pseudophedrine, chlor-trimenton, benad…
Sedating antihistamines
Loratidine, cetirizine, fexofenadine
Nonsedating antihistamines
49 terms
Immunity
Histamine
Prostaglandins
Bradykinins
Leukocytes
Secreted by basophils... Immediate vasodilation... Capillary permea…
Secreted by basophils... Vasodilation... Capillary permeability... Pain
Plasma protein... Capillary permeability... Pain
White blood cells
Histamine
Secreted by basophils... Immediate vasodilation... Capillary permea…
Prostaglandins
Secreted by basophils... Vasodilation... Capillary permeability... Pain
23 terms
Immunity
MHC class I
MHC class II
antigen presenting cells
major types of antigen presenting cells
protein complex found in plasma membrane used for identificat…
leukocytes, most important in third line of defense, particip…
active macrophage, which has a foreign antigen on it's surfac…
dendritic cells, macrophages, and b cells
MHC class I
protein complex found in plasma membrane used for identificat…
MHC class II
leukocytes, most important in third line of defense, particip…
62 terms
Immunity
Immune System
Specificity
Memory
Cellular (cell-mediated) immunity
Cells and tissues that defend body against specific invading…
Enables immune system to identify particular pathogens and di…
Allows aggressive responses to subsequent invasions by pathog…
Lymphocytes directly attack and destroy foreign cells or infe…
Immune System
Cells and tissues that defend body against specific invading…
Specificity
Enables immune system to identify particular pathogens and di…
49 terms
Immunity
Functions of Immune System
Immunocompetent Clients
Hypersensitivity
Autoimmune disorders
Protect body from antigens, identify and destroy harmful cell…
effective immune system
overreaction of the immune system
immune system attacks own body
Functions of Immune System
Protect body from antigens, identify and destroy harmful cell…
Immunocompetent Clients
effective immune system
19 terms
IMMUNITY
immunity
three lines of defence
defenders
lymphatic system
-the capacity to resist and combat infection by pathogens suc…
1. Physical, chemical and mechanical barriers (keep pathogens…
Phagocytes - neutrophils, macrophages, dendritic cells... Secret…
Vessels and organs of the lymphatic system interact closely w…
immunity
-the capacity to resist and combat infection by pathogens suc…
three lines of defence
1. Physical, chemical and mechanical barriers (keep pathogens…
20 terms
immunity
immune system
immune system
specificity
memory
consists of cells and tissues that defend body against specif…
functional system rather than an organ system
enables immune system to identify particular pathogens and to…
immune system has memory for encounters with previously ident…
immune system
consists of cells and tissues that defend body against specif…
immune system
functional system rather than an organ system
31 terms
Immunity
transports lymph to blood vessels; pro…
lymphatic system
lymphatic capillaries
right lymphatic duct
overall function of the lymphatic system
consists of a network of lymphatic vessels, lymphatic tissues…
microscopic, blind-ended; ramify through nearly all the tissu…
drains lymph from the right upper extremity, head and thorax…
transports lymph to blood vessels; pro…
overall function of the lymphatic system
lymphatic system
consists of a network of lymphatic vessels, lymphatic tissues…
12 terms
Immunity
Hypersensitivity Type 1
Hypersensitivity Type 2
Hypersensitivity Type 3
Allergic Rhinitis
Atopic or anaphylactic (IgE)
Cytotoxic (IgM or IgG)
immune complex (IgG)
sneezing, itching nasal congestion, waterynasal discharge, it…
Hypersensitivity Type 1
Atopic or anaphylactic (IgE)
Hypersensitivity Type 2
Cytotoxic (IgM or IgG)
12 terms
Immunity
Immunity
cells involved in fighting disease
non-specific immune response
phagocytes
the ability to deal with a pathogen before it makes you ill
white blood cells (lymphocytes and phagocytes), memory cells,…
when white blood cells look for pathogens and engulf microbes
white blood cells
Immunity
the ability to deal with a pathogen before it makes you ill
cells involved in fighting disease
white blood cells (lymphocytes and phagocytes), memory cells,…
24 terms
Immunity
What parts of the body are included in…
First line defense - skin
First line defense - respiratory
First line defense - digestive
Skin, respiratory, digestive, circulatory
Barrier, acidic sweat
cilia and mucus, cough and sneeze
Saliva, hydrochloric acid, mucus, enzymes
What parts of the body are included in…
Skin, respiratory, digestive, circulatory
First line defense - skin
Barrier, acidic sweat
10 terms
Immunity
Immunity
Active immunity
Passive immunity
Immunisation
The ability of an organism to resist a particular infection o…
Active immunity is where the immune system makes its own anti…
Passive immunity is where the antibodies are made by another…
Immunisation usually involves injecting or swallowing a vacci…
Immunity
The ability of an organism to resist a particular infection o…
Active immunity
Active immunity is where the immune system makes its own anti…
182 terms
Immunity
Cytokines
CC or CXC
Interleukin
IL-8
Proteins secreted by one cell to communicate with another cel…
Cysteine-[another amino acid]-Cysteine... Naming of chemokines
Generic term for a cytokine produced by leukocytes
Aka CXCL8; a chemokine... Enhances the ability of neutrophils t…
Cytokines
Proteins secreted by one cell to communicate with another cel…
CC or CXC
Cysteine-[another amino acid]-Cysteine... Naming of chemokines
85 terms
Immunity
Functions of the Immune System
Organs of the Immune System
_________________ which is the inflamm…
_________________ Primary response is…
Defends body from antigens... Actively promotes homeostasis ... Pro…
◦ Originate from stem cells... Central ... Bone marrow, thymus ... P…
Non-Specific Immunity
Specific Immunity
Functions of the Immune System
Defends body from antigens... Actively promotes homeostasis ... Pro…
Organs of the Immune System
◦ Originate from stem cells... Central ... Bone marrow, thymus ... P…
19 terms
Immunity
immunity
factors of emergence
1st line of body's defense systems
2nd line of body's defense systems
the body's ability to fight off harmful micro-organisms - pat…
human demographics and behavior, technology and industry, eco…
external barriers ex) skin, mucous membranes, celia
innate immune response ex) natural killer cells, inflammation…
immunity
the body's ability to fight off harmful micro-organisms - pat…
factors of emergence
human demographics and behavior, technology and industry, eco…
59 terms
Immunity
Purpose of adaptive immunity
Inducible
Specifc
Long-lived
destruction of infectious microorganisms that are resistant t…
does preexist, it must be produced in response to an infection
some cells are specific to certain diseases, receptors, etc.
produces long term protection from specific diseases
Purpose of adaptive immunity
destruction of infectious microorganisms that are resistant t…
Inducible
does preexist, it must be produced in response to an infection
61 terms
Immunity
Age relating to immune system
Three processes needed for human prote…
IgM antibody
IgG antibody
-Most efficient in 20s-30s ... -Older adults: Decreased ... -Infant…
-Inflammation... -Antibody-mediated immunity ... -Cell-mediated imm…
-ABO blood grouping and Rh factor ... -Hepatitis and gram negati…
-Major antibody ... -Crosses placenta ... -Preterm have less ... -Last…
Age relating to immune system
-Most efficient in 20s-30s ... -Older adults: Decreased ... -Infant…
Three processes needed for human prote…
-Inflammation... -Antibody-mediated immunity ... -Cell-mediated imm…
45 terms
Immunity
Immunity
Immune system
First and second line of defense
First line of defense
Resistance to disease
Innate (nonspecific) immunity ... Adaptive (specific) immunity
Innate has two line of defense
External body membranes/ epithelial barrier and their secreti…
Immunity
Resistance to disease
Immune system
Innate (nonspecific) immunity ... Adaptive (specific) immunity
57 terms
Immunity
Immunity
Antigens
Optimal Innate Immune System
The optimal innate immune response is…
a physiologic process that provides an individual with protec…
Proteins that induce an immune response when they enter the b…
Includes cells, tissues, and organs located throughout the bo…
Phagocytosis & chemotaxis... Performed by neutrophils and macro…
Immunity
a physiologic process that provides an individual with protec…
Antigens
Proteins that induce an immune response when they enter the b…
92 terms
Immunity
phagocytic leukocytes
lymphocytes
phagocytic
agranulocytes
granulocytes, agranulocytes, dendritic cells
B lymphocytes, T lymphocytes, Natural Killer cells
gobble up debris
antigen presenting cell
phagocytic leukocytes
granulocytes, agranulocytes, dendritic cells
lymphocytes
B lymphocytes, T lymphocytes, Natural Killer cells
9 terms
Immunity
Acquired immunity
Active immunity
Adaptive immunity
Artificially acquired passive immunity
Not present at birth; acquired after exposure
Developed after exposure to antigen as consequence of the imm…
Not present at birth; instead you develop immunity to a speci…
Person received antibodies to fight infection of prevent dise…
Acquired immunity
Not present at birth; acquired after exposure
Active immunity
Developed after exposure to antigen as consequence of the imm…
27 terms
Immunity
Most white blood cells are produced in…
Because all cells have identification…
Lymphocytes produce antibodies which a…
Conditions or diseases affect the whit…
Outline How and Where White Blood Cells Originate
Explain How the Immune System Distinguishes Between the Body'…
Describe How Phagocytes & Lymphocytes Respond During An Infec…
Describe & Explain the Significance of the Increase in White…
Most white blood cells are produced in…
Outline How and Where White Blood Cells Originate
Because all cells have identification…
Explain How the Immune System Distinguishes Between the Body'…
35 terms
Immunity
immunity
defense against non-self threats requi…
innate immunity
adaptive immunity
molecular level of protection against anything alien or forei…
1. physical and chemical barriers (skin- #1 defense, mucous m…
-natural, present at birth... -consists of cellular and molecula…
-"immune response"- refers solely to resposes of the adaptive…
immunity
molecular level of protection against anything alien or forei…
defense against non-self threats requi…
1. physical and chemical barriers (skin- #1 defense, mucous m…
38 terms
Immunity
Adaptive immunity
Adaptive immune response
Adaptive immune response is mediated by
B cells deal w/
slower to develop, being more specific, and having memory, th…
kills pathogens in lymph tissue
B and T lympocytes
humoral immunity mediated by circulating antibodies
Adaptive immunity
slower to develop, being more specific, and having memory, th…
Adaptive immune response
kills pathogens in lymph tissue
24 terms
Immunity
antigen
epitopes
haptens
innate immunity
molecule that trigger immune response such as toxin or bacteria
certain region of an antigen molecule that trigger immune res…
small molecule that bind to carrier molecule
genetically specific and present at birth
antigen
molecule that trigger immune response such as toxin or bacteria
epitopes
certain region of an antigen molecule that trigger immune res…
Immunity
Leukocytes
Whole blood composition
Serum composition
Lymphatic System
Include phagocytes and lymphocytes (white blood cells)... -Nucle…
Plasma and cells
Portion of blood that is not cells or clotting proteins
Drains lymph from extravascular tissue such as lymphatic capi…
Leukocytes
Include phagocytes and lymphocytes (white blood cells)... -Nucle…
Whole blood composition
Plasma and cells
73 terms
Immunity
Inflammation
Purulent Exudate
Transudate
Margination
A protective, coordinated response of the body to an injuriou…
Pus, fluid containing protein for WBC's, microbial organisms,…
Fluid that contains little protein and is mainly watery filtr…
The process of WBC's lining up along the endothelium in the a…
Inflammation
A protective, coordinated response of the body to an injuriou…
Purulent Exudate
Pus, fluid containing protein for WBC's, microbial organisms,…
72 terms
immunity
innate
Adaptive
MHCs and HALs
CD4
Macrophages ,Cytokines ,Natural Killer cells
B lymphocyte, T lymphocyte, CD4, CD 8, antigen presenting cel…
The adaptive immune system allows the body to distinguish bet…
influences all other cells of the ... immune system, including o…
innate
Macrophages ,Cytokines ,Natural Killer cells
Adaptive
B lymphocyte, T lymphocyte, CD4, CD 8, antigen presenting cel…
122 terms
Immunity
Pathogens
Sepsis
Infection
Chain of Infection
microorganisms that are capable of harming people or cause di…
a term that means poisoning of tissues is often used to descr…
when microorganisms capable of producing disease invade the b…
1. infectious agent... 2. reservoir... 3. portal of exit... 4. mode of…
Pathogens
microorganisms that are capable of harming people or cause di…
Sepsis
a term that means poisoning of tissues is often used to descr…
25 terms
Immunity
Immunology
Immune status depends on:
Innate Immunity: (natural barriers)
Physical & Mechanical barriers
-The body's defense systems... -Physical, chemical, and cellular…
-Nutrition... -Age... -Sex... -Overall health... -Stress
First line of defense against damage or infection by pathogens.
-Skin... -Linings: sloughing, coughing/sneezing, vomiting, mucou…
Immunology
-The body's defense systems... -Physical, chemical, and cellular…
Immune status depends on:
-Nutrition... -Age... -Sex... -Overall health... -Stress
40 terms
Immunity
Innate Immunity
Adaptive Immunity
Acquired Immunity
Passive Acquired immunity
Macrophages, Cytokines, and Natural Killer Cells, HCL, Mucosa…
Active/Passive acquired... B Lymphocyte/T Lymphocyte ... bodys defe…
Exposure to an antigen or through immunization (vaccine). Pts…
ex) breast milk, short term immunity, body passively accepts…
Innate Immunity
Macrophages, Cytokines, and Natural Killer Cells, HCL, Mucosa…
Adaptive Immunity
Active/Passive acquired... B Lymphocyte/T Lymphocyte ... bodys defe…
19 terms
immunity
non specific
specific
first line of defense
stomach mucosa
innate. protects against anything foreign to the body. respon…
adaptive. against particular foreign substances. needs to be…
innate non specific. the skin. physical barrier to foreign ma…
1st line of defense. gastric juice. secretes hydrochloric aci…
non specific
innate. protects against anything foreign to the body. respon…
specific
adaptive. against particular foreign substances. needs to be…
4 of 10