How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "importance biology"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "importance biology"

5 terms
Biology importance
Where are muscles found?
What does the cartilage do?
Synovial fluid
Ligament
In pairs known as the agnostic pair
Reduces friction between the bones and acts as a shock absorb…
Produced by the synovial membrane
Bone to bone
Where are muscles found?
In pairs known as the agnostic pair
What does the cartilage do?
Reduces friction between the bones and acts as a shock absorb…
25 terms
The Importance of Water in Biology
Chemical Structure of Water
Polar Molecule
Cohesion
Surface Tension
H2O
A molecule with an unequal distribution of electrical charge.
tendency of like molecules to cling to one another
tendency of liquid to minimize the surface area
Chemical Structure of Water
H2O
Polar Molecule
A molecule with an unequal distribution of electrical charge.
49 terms
Biology: important
Plasma (cell surface) membrane: location
Plasma (cell surface) membrane: function
Plasma (cell surface) membrane: presen…
Ribosome: location
surrounding the cell
controls the passage of materials into and out of the cell
both
free floating in the cytoplasm or attached to ER
Plasma (cell surface) membrane: location
surrounding the cell
Plasma (cell surface) membrane: function
controls the passage of materials into and out of the cell
19 terms
HSC Biology - Important Scientists
Gregor Mendel
Thomas Hunt Morgan
Walter Sutton
Beadle & Tatum
Carried out a study of heredity by growing peas, demonstrated…
Studied sex-linked inheritance in fruit flies, and demonstrat…
Studied meiosis in grasshoppers, demonstrating a connection b…
Experimented with bread mould, and proposed the one-gene-one…
Gregor Mendel
Carried out a study of heredity by growing peas, demonstrated…
Thomas Hunt Morgan
Studied sex-linked inheritance in fruit flies, and demonstrat…
22 terms
Important: Biology
Proteins
Proteins usually end in...
What are the parts of an amino acid
Peptide bond
Arguably the most important biomolecule
-in
Alpha carbon, carboxyl group, Amino group, hydrogen group, R…
A ______ is formed through polymerization
Proteins
Arguably the most important biomolecule
Proteins usually end in...
-in
18 terms
Introduction to the Importance of Biology
Extinction
Global Warming
Global Challenges
Global Opportunities
Death of a species; many organisms are in danger of extinctio…
The increase in the Earth's near surface air and oceans since…
Increased human population in the world which leads to: habit…
Awareness of global challenges, creation of action plans like…
Extinction
Death of a species; many organisms are in danger of extinctio…
Global Warming
The increase in the Earth's near surface air and oceans since…
28 terms
Important biology
Role of tra locus in drosophilia
Sex determination in drosophilia
Heterogametic
Purpose of a reciprocal cross
Tra+ is needed for normal female development, so if a female…
Determined by the ratio of X chromosomes to sets of autosomes…
Different gametes. Males are heterogametic in humans.
The crosses will have different outcomes if the gene is on a…
Role of tra locus in drosophilia
Tra+ is needed for normal female development, so if a female…
Sex determination in drosophilia
Determined by the ratio of X chromosomes to sets of autosomes…
29 terms
Important Biology
A watery internal environment in which…
- Oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange... -…
- Salt concentration... - Temperature... - N…
Cells specialised to engulf and break…
What is an extracellular environment?
What functions does the extracellular environment have to per…
What do cells need to regulate?
What are phagocytic cells?
A watery internal environment in which…
What is an extracellular environment?
- Oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange... -…
What functions does the extracellular environment have to per…
12 terms
biology importance of carbohydrates
c h o
sugars
photosynthesis
green plant
they have.......... in their structure.
they are know as.....
they are produced by.....
primary producers are.........
c h o
they have.......... in their structure.
sugars
they are know as.....
49 terms
Biology SAT, important vocab
Amylase
Protease/Peptidase (Ex. Trypsin, Chymo…
Nuclease
Lipase
Digest starch and are secreted into the small intestine.
Break down proteins
Hydrolyze nucleic acids into nucleotides
Break down fats
Amylase
Digest starch and are secreted into the small intestine.
Protease/Peptidase (Ex. Trypsin, Chymo…
Break down proteins
19 terms
HSC Biology - Important Scientists
Gregor Mendel
Thomas Hunt Morgan
Walter Sutton
Beadle & Tatum
Carried out a study of heredity by growing peas, demonstrated…
Studied sex-linked inheritance in fruit flies, and demonstrat…
Studied meiosis in grasshoppers, demonstrating a connection b…
Experimented with bread mould, and proposed the one-gene-one…
Gregor Mendel
Carried out a study of heredity by growing peas, demonstrated…
Thomas Hunt Morgan
Studied sex-linked inheritance in fruit flies, and demonstrat…
19 terms
SICR - HSC Biology - Important Scientists
Gregor Mendel
Thomas Hunt Morgan
Walter Sutton
Beadle & Tatum
Carried out a study of heredity by growing peas, demonstrated…
Studied sex-linked inheritance in fruit flies, and demonstrat…
Studied meiosis in grasshoppers, demonstrating a connection b…
Experimented with bread mould, and proposed the one-gene-one…
Gregor Mendel
Carried out a study of heredity by growing peas, demonstrated…
Thomas Hunt Morgan
Studied sex-linked inheritance in fruit flies, and demonstrat…
34 terms
BIOLOGY CH3: The Importance of Water
List 5 properties of water
What percentage of the body is made of…
How much of the body is water molecules?
What fills you bodies' cells?
It is cohesive and adhesive... It has a high specific heat... It…
70%
2/3
water
List 5 properties of water
It is cohesive and adhesive... It has a high specific heat... It…
What percentage of the body is made of…
70%
19 terms
Holt Modern Biology Chapter 27 - The Importance of Plants
botany
agriculture
cultivar
cereal
the branch of biology that is the study of plants
the raising of crops and livestock for food or for other prod…
a cultivated species or organism that does not have a known w…
any grass that produces grains that can be used for food, suc…
botany
the branch of biology that is the study of plants
agriculture
the raising of crops and livestock for food or for other prod…
8 terms
Ecosystems: Biology (Important Vocabulary)
Species
Population
Communities
Ecosystem
Members of a population that can interbreed and produce ferti…
A particular number of individuals that make up a species in…
All the populations that live and interact in a particular ar…
A dynamic complex of plant, animal and micro organism communi…
Species
Members of a population that can interbreed and produce ferti…
Population
A particular number of individuals that make up a species in…
12 terms
Biology 11: Importance of Classification
Taxonomy
Aristotle
Carolus Linnaues
Binomial Nomenclature
The branch of Biology which deals with the classification of…
Classified organisms in "two kingdom System" - plants and ani…
Swedish botanist, described and named many plants and animals…
The first name is the genus (or genera) and the second name i…
Taxonomy
The branch of Biology which deals with the classification of…
Aristotle
Classified organisms in "two kingdom System" - plants and ani…
51 terms
Important biology terms
Respiration
Diffusion
Osmosis
Breathing
Respiration is defined as a bio-chemical process where in oxy…
Diffusion is defined as the movement of molecules from the re…
Osmosis is defined as the movement of molecules from the regi…
Breathing is a process which includes inhalation (taking in o…
Respiration
Respiration is defined as a bio-chemical process where in oxy…
Diffusion
Diffusion is defined as the movement of molecules from the re…
48 terms
Importance of water in biology
Adhesion
Cohesion
Density
Heat capacity
An attractive force between unlike substances
An attractive force between particles of the same kind
Mass per unit volume (d=m/v)
The amount of heat required to change the temperature of an o…
Adhesion
An attractive force between unlike substances
Cohesion
An attractive force between particles of the same kind
8 terms
Marine biology economic importance
Used to form jellies ... Protects ham, fi…
What is mainly used as a food source
Most edible algae
Farming of seaweed is known as
Agar
Harvesting
Red and brown algae
Mariculture
Used to form jellies ... Protects ham, fi…
Agar
What is mainly used as a food source
Harvesting
66 terms
(Important) Biology Final Stuff
qualitative
quantitative
selectively permeable
phospholipid
properties than can be observed but not measured numerically
measured by quantity (numerically)
cell membrane that allows certain molecules or ions to pass t…
belongs to lipid family, composed of two fatty acids, a glyce…
qualitative
properties than can be observed but not measured numerically
quantitative
measured by quantity (numerically)
26 terms
Biology - Unit 2 - Lesson 3: Importance & Scope of Biology
rational
public policy
ethical issues
technology
logical
laws that affect humans and other organisms
moral principles and values
application of science to benefit people
rational
logical
public policy
laws that affect humans and other organisms
45 terms
Biology Importance of Water-Enzymes
polarity
hydrogen bonding
cohesion
adhesion
makes water more negative on the oxygen side and more positiv…
when water molecules bond together loosely because the negati…
the attraction between molecules of the same substance.
the attraction between molecules of different substances.
polarity
makes water more negative on the oxygen side and more positiv…
hydrogen bonding
when water molecules bond together loosely because the negati…
9 terms
Biology the importance of bacteria
few
fertilize fields, recycle nutrients, p…
Nitrogen fixation
Atmospheric nitrogen (N2) ammonia (NH3)
Disease-causing bacteria are __ compared with the number of h…
Bacteria help to: (3)
Several species of bacteria have enzymes that convert atmosph…
Several species of bacteria have enzymes that convert __ __ (…
few
Disease-causing bacteria are __ compared with the number of h…
fertilize fields, recycle nutrients, p…
Bacteria help to: (3)
16 terms
Biology BY4 - the importance of ATP
ATP
What is ATP composed of?
Whats it called when just the pentose…
Exergonic reaction
Adenosine triphosphate
-pentose sugar... -adenine... -3 phosphate groups
Adenosine
Reaction that releases energy
ATP
Adenosine triphosphate
What is ATP composed of?
-pentose sugar... -adenine... -3 phosphate groups
116 terms
Biology Midterm Important Terms
Magnification
Percent population decrease
Microscope
Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM)
M=I/A
(Final-Initial/Initial) * 100
passes a beam of electrons through a thin specimen
Magnification
M=I/A
Percent population decrease
(Final-Initial/Initial) * 100
59 terms
Biology IMPORTANT STUFF
Evolution
Theory
Gene pool
Taxonomy
Change over time
A hypothesis that has been tested with a significant amount o…
Combined genetic information of all the members of a particul…
Naming and classifying organisms
Evolution
Change over time
Theory
A hypothesis that has been tested with a significant amount o…
8 terms
Important people in biology
Jan van Helmont
Jospeh priestly
Jan ingenhousz
Julius Robert
Concluded that trees gained most of their mass from water
Concluded that the plant released oxygen
Concluded that plants need sunlight to produce oxygen
Propose that plants convert light energy into chemical energy
Jan van Helmont
Concluded that trees gained most of their mass from water
Jospeh priestly
Concluded that the plant released oxygen
18 terms
Biology: Important Chemical Groups
Hydroxyl
Carbonyl
Carboxyl
Amino
In a hydroxyl group, (-OH), a hydrogen atom is bonded to an o…
The carbonyl group, (=Co), consists of a carbon atom joined t…
The carboxyl group, (-COOH) is when an oxygen atom is double…
The amino group (-NH2) consists of a nitrogen atom bonded to…
Hydroxyl
In a hydroxyl group, (-OH), a hydrogen atom is bonded to an o…
Carbonyl
The carbonyl group, (=Co), consists of a carbon atom joined t…
57 terms
Biology: Chapter 3: The Importance of Water
Polar Molecule
Cohesion
Adhesion
Surface Tension
Water molecules stay close to each other as a result of hydro…
The linking together of like molecules, often by hydrogen bon…
A measure of how difficult it is to stretch or break the surf…
Polar Molecule
Cohesion
Water molecules stay close to each other as a result of hydro…
11 terms
Biology Important Info to know
Biology
Cells
Carbohydrates
Lipids
The study of life.
All living things are made of ____________.
Used to make energy for the body. ... - Examples: glucose (simpl…
Fats, oils and waxes.
Biology
The study of life.
Cells
All living things are made of ____________.
15 terms
Important biology stuff :)
Producer
Consumer
Decomposer
Omnivores
Makes its own food and is where most organisms get their ener…
Eats other organisms for energy.
Breaks down waste and dead organism and return the material t…
Eats both plants and meat.
Producer
Makes its own food and is where most organisms get their ener…
Consumer
Eats other organisms for energy.
72 terms
Biology Important Termiology
Chromosome
Allele
Somatic Cell
Gene
DNA, Contains genetic material
Variations of a gene
Non-reproductive cell; diploid (example: skin cells)
Genetic material coding for some product; many genes per chro…
Chromosome
DNA, Contains genetic material
Allele
Variations of a gene
32 terms
Important Ecology Biology
symbiosis
Commensalism
mutualism
parasitism
A relationship in which two different organisms live in close…
A relationship between two organisms in which one organism be…
A relationship between two organisms in which both organisms…
A relationship between two species in which one specie, the p…
symbiosis
A relationship in which two different organisms live in close…
Commensalism
A relationship between two organisms in which one organism be…
59 terms
Biology IMPORTANT STUFF
Evolution
Theory
Gene pool
Taxonomy
Change over time
A hypothesis that has been tested with a significant amount o…
Combined genetic information of all the members of a particul…
Naming and classifying organisms
Evolution
Change over time
Theory
A hypothesis that has been tested with a significant amount o…
BIOLOGY Importance of energy T1
What a Consumer is
Herbivores
Carnivores
Omnivores
Cannot drive energy from sun... Must obtain energy from food the…
Eat plants... Often called primary consumers (first consumer in…
Eat other animals... Secondary or tertiary consumers, rarely go…
Eat plants and animals
What a Consumer is
Cannot drive energy from sun... Must obtain energy from food the…
Herbivores
Eat plants... Often called primary consumers (first consumer in…
44 terms
Biology GCSE Important words
species
cells
chloroplasts
plant cell
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
The basic unit of structure and function in all living things
Capture energy from sunlight and use it to produce food for t…
contains a cell wall, chloroplast and large vacuole
species
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
cells
The basic unit of structure and function in all living things
21 terms
Important Terms: Biology 1406
Prokaryotic cell
Eukaryotic cell
RNA
DNA
a cell that contains a plasma membrane, cytoplasm, ribosomes,…
a complicated cell containing many things such as ribosomes,…
stands for RiboNucleic Acid, it's job is to transfer informat…
stands for DeoxyriboNucleic Acid and contains all the informa…
Prokaryotic cell
a cell that contains a plasma membrane, cytoplasm, ribosomes,…
Eukaryotic cell
a complicated cell containing many things such as ribosomes,…
30 terms
Unit 1 biology important
carbohydrates
monosaccharide
polysaccharide
proteins
SUGAR ... FUNCTION: primary source of energy ... MONOMER: monosacch…
monomer of carbs. ... simplest form of sugar 1 sugar
complex form of carbs. (sugar)
protein, particularly flesh foods MEAT... FUNCTION: reactions in…
carbohydrates
SUGAR ... FUNCTION: primary source of energy ... MONOMER: monosacch…
monosaccharide
monomer of carbs. ... simplest form of sugar 1 sugar
Biology Vocab Math, Measuring, Importance
Approximate
Compile
Convert
Cumulative
Nearly.
To put together into one.
To change something to another form.
Increase by adding.
Approximate
Nearly.
Compile
To put together into one.
7 terms
Important Scientists in Cellular Biology
Matthias Schleiden
Theodor Schwann
Rudolph Virchow
Frederick Griffith and Oswold Avery
1804-1881; Contributed to cell theory (All living things are…
1810-1882; Contributed to cell theory (All living things are…
1821-1902; Contributed to cell theory (All cells arise from e…
1879-1941 1877-1955; Griffith did experiments trying to find…
Matthias Schleiden
1804-1881; Contributed to cell theory (All living things are…
Theodor Schwann
1810-1882; Contributed to cell theory (All living things are…
33 terms
Campbell Biology: Ninth Edition - Chapter 3: The Importance of Water
Polar Molecule
Cohesion
Adhesion
Surface Tension
Water molecules stay close to each other as a result of hydro…
The linking together of like molecules, often by hydrogen bon…
A measure of how difficult it is to stretch or break the surf…
Polar Molecule
Cohesion
Water molecules stay close to each other as a result of hydro…
15 terms
Unit 1: Biology: Biologist of Importance
Alexander Fleming
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Carolus Linnaeus
Charles Darwin
discovered the antibiotic penicillin
Improved the microscope, saw bacteria, and was the firs to vi…
Developed a classification system for naming organisms- binom…
"Father of Evolution"- theory of evolution by natural selection
Alexander Fleming
discovered the antibiotic penicillin
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Improved the microscope, saw bacteria, and was the firs to vi…
Important Scientists in Biology
Aristotle
Andreas Vesalius
William Harvey
Robert Hooke
Considered to be the father of biology
Father of anatomy
Discovered the circulation of blood
First person to use the term "cell"
Aristotle
Considered to be the father of biology
Andreas Vesalius
Father of anatomy
75 terms
Biology important stuff
Chorion in amniotes
Archenteron develops into
Blastopore becomes mouth
Allantois in birds and reptiles
In birds and reptiles it acts as a membrane for gas exchange…
The digestive tube
Protosome, anus in deuterosomes
Initially stores solid waste product (Uric acid)... Later fuses…
Chorion in amniotes
In birds and reptiles it acts as a membrane for gas exchange…
Archenteron develops into
The digestive tube
Important People in Biology
Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
John Dalton
Stanley Miller
Theory of natural selection
Published "On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selec…
Subatomic particles; unit of measurement for mass of protons…
experiment demonstrated the abiotic synthesis of organic comp…
Charles Darwin
Theory of natural selection
Charles Darwin
Published "On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selec…
22 terms
Biology: Important Elements
Aluminum
Calcium
Carbon
Chlorine
Al
Ca
C
Cl
Aluminum
Al
Calcium
Ca
Ch 12 Biology- The Importance of Plants
Dermal Tissue
Vascular Tissue
Xylem
Phloem
-two tissue types: epidermis and periderm... -outermost cell lay…
-two tissue types: xylem and phloem... -transport water and nutr…
VASCULAR: thick-walled cells, dead at maturity
VASCULAR: thin-walled cells, living at maturity
Dermal Tissue
-two tissue types: epidermis and periderm... -outermost cell lay…
Vascular Tissue
-two tissue types: xylem and phloem... -transport water and nutr…
14 terms
[Biology] Important People
Charles Darwin
James Hutton
Thomas Malthus
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck
English naturalist who made observations during his travels o…
proposed that the Earth is shaped by geological forces over e…
predicted that the human population would grow faster than th…
proposed the false theory that selective use or disuse of an…
Charles Darwin
English naturalist who made observations during his travels o…
James Hutton
proposed that the Earth is shaped by geological forces over e…
26 terms
Biology Important Molecules Vocabulary
adenosine triphosphate
amino acid
quaternary structure
nucleotide
ATP- the molecule that carries energy in a cell
monomers of a protein
two or more polypeptide chains bonding together
the monomers that make up nucleic acids
adenosine triphosphate
ATP- the molecule that carries energy in a cell
amino acid
monomers of a protein
8 terms
Important Scientists in Cellular Biology
Schleiden
Schwann
Virchow
Griffith
Studies plant tissues and determined that all plants are made…
Discovered "Schwann Cells" in the nervous system. Studied ani…
Considered the Father of Pathology. An advocate for public…
Conducted experiments to find a vaccine for pneumonia. When h…
Schleiden
Studies plant tissues and determined that all plants are made…
Schwann
Discovered "Schwann Cells" in the nervous system. Studied ani…
1 of 10